etc. If nothing came of it, say so.
10. Describe your experiences in each of these peri-
ods, taking the periods one by one.
For example, did you experience sorrow for
sin, and if so, was it for specific sins that you
knew you had committed? Was it for a
bad temper, or other bad qualities of heart
or character ? Or was it for something else ?
Were you afraid of anything, as the wrath of
God, hell, etc. ?
State any doubts that troubled you.
What was your most intense desire at the time ?
What did you think you ought to be that you
, were not already?
What did you do about it ?
What did you hope or expect would be the re-
sult? State as exactly as you can what you
had faith for (removal of the sense of guilt?
joy? peace? victory over a certain tempta-
tion or fault ? help in doing some hard duty ?
love for your enemies? sense of God's pres-
ence or love?).
How did it come out? How were you different
in feeling, etc., from what you were before?
Make your answer very specific.
Did you hear any voices? See any visions?
Have any remarkable dream? Experience
any physical manifestations?
Did you experience the witness of the Spirit or
Did any of these phenomena change very soon ?
If so, what ones, and how soon did each
Were you entirely satisfied with your new ex-
perience? If not, what was lacking?
What part did God seem to have in this entire
series of events? What made you think so?
The question is not what you now believe,
but what you then felt and thought about it.
Add any other facts that will help to make clear
just what went on in your own mind at these
ii. What influenced you in each of these cases
(for example, the Bible, a sermon, the per-
sonal solicitude of some one else, seeing
others start, the death of a friend, or the
general trend of things at the time) ?
If you were influenced by revival meetings, de-
scribe the method of conducting the meet-
ings, and what there was about them that
particularly moved you.
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
If you prayed, what did you pray for, and how
did the answers come ?
Did the example, experiences, or conversation
of others move you? If so, tell what they
did or said, and how it affected you.
If you were affected by music, tell what the
music was and what effect it had upon you.
If you made a decision of any sort, what was
it, and how did you come to make it ?
Were other persons passing through the same
experiences and making the same decisions
as yourself? How many others?
Was any person whom you very much admired
or very much disliked in any way connected
with these events? If so, what was it you
admired or disliked in him, and what did he
have to do with your experiences at the
What delayed, hindered, rendered painful, or
altogether prevented the advance in religious
life that you felt you ought to make ?
Add any other facts that will help to make clear
what influences were playing upon you at
12. Describe your religious environment in child-
For example, what members of your family
were religious, and what ones were not?
Did you know the history of your parents' re-
ligious experience? If so, give a brief out-
line of it.
What did they teach you about religion? Es-
pecially about what one does and experiences
If conversions, etc., took place among members
of the family, give a brief outline of the cir-
cumstances, and tell how you were affected
Was there family prayer? Were definite an-
swers to prayer expected, and were they re-
ceived ? If so, give an example or two.
Were you aware that your parents, pastor, or
Sunday school teacher regarded you as a
Was anybody very anxious about your conver-
sion? Did you know it at the time?
What was looked upon by yourself and the per-
sons about you as evidence that one was
How did you come to realize that you were a
rebel against God?
In short, name anything in your childhood en-
vironment that tended to affect your reli-
13. What were your religious habits in childhood?
Were you in the habit of praying? Describe
any answers to your prayers.
Were you in the habit of performing any other
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
private religious exercises? If so, name
Did you ever seem to see God, or to hear his
voice? Or did he seem to come to you in
any other way? Describe the experience.
Were you habitually wicked? If so, did you
realize it at the time, and what were then
your thoughts about God, etc.? If you are
willing to do so, state the general direction
your wickedness took.
If not habitually wicked, did you have a beset-
ting sin into which you occasionally fell?
If you are willing to do so, indicate its gen-
eral nature. How did you feel about this
sin, and about your relation to God ?
When you resisted a temptation or did a hard
duty, did you seem to have help from God?
What made you think that he helped you?
Were you conscious of his approval when you
did right, and of his disapproval when you
did wrong? How did this differ from the
approval and disapproval of conscience? In
your answer to this question distinguish
carefully between what you then felt and
what you now think about it.
Did you perform any public religious duties,
such as going to church, partaking the com-
munion, speaking in meeting? Tell what
services you were accustomed to attend, the
age at which you began to attend each, and
the age at which you ceased to attend.
Which service impressed you most, and hoiv
did it impress you?
Were any marked religious phenomena, such as
conversions, sanctifications, etc., taking
place about you? Did you witness any?
Hear testimonies of any? Give brief de-
scription of the ones that most impressed
If your notions of religious experience subse-
quently underwent any transformation, tell
what the change was and how it came about.
14. Have you had ups and downs in your religious
If so, what is it that has been irregular (for ex-
ample, joy, peace, trust and worry, certainty
and doubt of your acceptance, fervor and
coldness in prayer, delight in duty) ?
How frequent have these changes been?
Name any causes that you have been able to
discover (for example, good and ill health,
overwork, influence of worldly or spiritual
associates, willful sin, deliberate determina-
tion to do a duty, new theories about reli-
gion, new insight into the Bible, etc. ) . Have
the "ups" of a particular kind generally oc-
curred in a particular season of the year, and
have the corresponding "downs" generally
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
occurred in a particular season? What sea-
sons? Have persons about you exhibited
the same variations?
Look over the marked changes in your circum-
stances in life such as occupation, place of
residence, social surroundings or associates,
pastor, teachers, lines of reading or study
and tell whether changes in your religious
life have been coincident with these other
changes. State the direction of the change
in each case.
How does your present religious feeling differ
from that of the period just following your
If you have never been converted, state how
your feelings with respect to God have
changed since childhood. Do you find any
difference in the approvals and disapprovals
If you have been entirely sanctified, describe the
difference between your habitual feelings at
present and those that were habitual before.
What is there in religion that seems to you per-
manent, that is within your reach at any and
all times ? Do not give your theory of how
it ought to be, but simply state what you
yourself have found that you can absolutely
15. At what periods in your life has your health
been at its best? When has it not been
good? Include in your answer all instances
of prolonged nervous exhaustion, excessive
nervousness, debility, etc. If you are will-
ing to do so, name the defect of health with
each period. If you are unwilling to state
the particular difficulty, designate the fact
simply as "fit of sickness," "not in my usual
health," "not strong," etc.
What was the state of your health at each of the
periods mentioned in questions?
1 6. What kind of work, play, books, studies, nat-
ural scenery, music, poems, acquaintances,
social gatherings, conversation, and reli-
gious exercises do you like best, and which
do you most dislike?
If you were obliged to spend a whole day alone,
felt at perfect liberty to follow your inclina-
tions, and had the means to do so, what
would you do?
What sort of things or persons annoy you
Do you laugh and cry easily? Do you make
friends easily? Do your friendships last?
Do you get angry or indignant easily? Do you
get over anger or indignation quickly?
When you get angry, which of the follow-
ing is most likely to happen : long brooding
over the wound? weeping? loud words? an
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
immediate effort to "get even," or to correct
the wrong? deliberate and cold-blooded
planning to do so?
Are you accustomed to have deep fears, long-
ings, the blues, or other moods that last a
long time ? If you are willing to do so, give
Is it hard for you to abandon a task which you
have undertaken but not completed? Give
examples. Does any ambition or ideal stir
you to the depths? How long has it done
Are you very bashful ? Do you suffer from any
other form of sensitiveness?
Do you think a great deal about your future ?
Are you accustomed to examine yourself, weigh
your motives, estimate your spiritual health ?
Are you prompt or hesitating in your decisions,
especially in small matters? Have you al-
ways been so? If you are hesitating, tell
how you finally make the move.
Do you enjoy active physical exercise?
Do you ever get worn out with excitement? If
so, describe or name a few occasions on
which this has happened.
Have you ever had a vision of an absent or dead
friend? Ever heard the voice of such a
friend? Ever seen or heard anything that
could not be accounted for as an ordinary
act of perception? Particularly, have you
ever heard voices, either coming to you from
outside, or seeming to come from within?
If you have had any of these experiences
(which are common), relate the circum-
stances. Be particular to say how often you
have had each kind of manifestation.
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
Plan for the Observation of Temperament
5. Color of hair.
6. Of eyes.
8. Stout or thin.
9. General health.
10. Are the eyes active and restless? Are they in-
tense and penetrating? Are they dull and
11. Do face and manner indicate that he is wide-
awake to his surroundings, or does he seem,
rather, to be chiefly occupied with his own
thoughts? Does he have an absent-minded
air, or a far-away and dreamy look ?
12. Is the facial expression placid? Are the mus-
cles of the face drawn as if through mental
intensity? Does he draw down his eye-
brows? Are there strongly marked perpen-
dicular furrows between the eyes? Is he
13. Is the voice shrill and high-keyed? Does he
speak very rapidly, or very slowly? Does he
speak before he thinks?
14. Do his muscles seem to be habitually relaxed?
If not, do they seem to be habitually con-
tracted? Are his motions quick and wiry,
or more moderate, free, and pendulum-like?
Are they very slow ?
15. Which is more characteristic of him: receiving
impressions from his surroundings, or active
effort to control or change his surroundings ?
1 6. Is he easily persuaded? If not, is it because of
(a) a habit of deliberation, (&) contrari-
ness, or (c) mere inertia?
17. Is he a warm and intense or cold and passion-
less soul? Does he get angry or indignant
easily ? Does he get over it quickly ? When
he is angry or indignant, which of the fol-
lowing are characteristic of him? (a) Ready
feeling without action; (b) Intense feeling
with immediate action, speech included; (c)
Feeling too feeble to produce very positive
action; (d) Tendency to brood over his in-
dignation, but not to act; (e) Tendency to
plan deliberate revenge or the improvement
of conditions, and action to that end in cool
blood ; (/) Fixed and unchangeable aversion.
1 8. Does he change easily from one activity to an-
other (for example, is he persistent in what
he undertakes, loyal to his friends, obstinate,
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
"pig-headed," fickle, etc.)? Does he make
acquaintances easily? If he is fickle, does he
change about from mere impulse, or from
calculation? If he is constant, is it from
principle, or is it merely because he tends to
keep going in any direction after he has once
started? Has he a strong sense of consist-
19. Has he a cheerful disposition? Does he get
the blues? If so, is the mood intense, and
how long does it generally last? What
other pronounced moods does he have, and
how long do they last ? Is he given to criti-
cising? If so, does he take it out in merely
finding fault, or does he brood over what he
criticises, or does he work for improvement?
If he works for improvement, are his efforts
impetuous and spasmodic, or steady and per-
20. Which of the following characterize his intel-
lect? (a) Quickness; (&) Accuracy; (c)
Slowness; (d) Inaccuracy; (e) Clearness of
insight; (/) Breadth of information; (g)
System; (h) Lack of system; (i) Recep-
tivity, or ability to understand; (/) Fond-
ness for finding out things for himself, and
not resting in what he is told.
21. Is he oversensitive in the way of bash fulness ;
of overconscientiousness ; of self-deprecia-
tion? Is he given to introspection? Is he
troubled by doubts and fears ? Is he hard to
get acquainted with?
22. Is he self-assertive ? If so, what direction does
the self-assertiveness take (for example,
does he monopolize conversation; break in
when others are speaking; stoutly contra-
dict opinions that differ from his own; be-
come quarrelsome when he cannot convince;
make undue effort to control his associates) ?
What is the effect of his not having his own
way? Does it depress his feelings, or rouse
him to more intense antagonism or self-as-
23. Which of the following characterize his reli-
gious life? (a) Rapid rise and fall of feeling,
or change from one feeling to another. Does
he have to be revived every winter? Is his
conduct unsteady? Or his religious activi-
ties? (b) Prevalence of happy mood. Does
it ever become ecstatic? (c) Prevalence of
unhappy mood, such as anxiety, sorrow for
sins of himself or of the Church, censorious-
ness, discouragement, etc. (d) The revival
spirit, always wanting to have something
going on, fondness for excitement. Indi-
cate whether this issues in persistent work,
or spasmodic effort, or no work at all. (e)
Wide sympathy with suffering humanity.
THE SPIRITUAL LIFE
(/) Philanthropic activities. Are they steady
or spasmodic? (g) Meditation on the good-
ness of God, the awfulness of sin, the suf-
ferings of Christ, the blessings of grace, etc.
(h) Intellectual attitude toward religion.
Chief emphasis, upon truth. Is he conserva-
tive ; radical ; bigoted and intolerant ?
24. Name his most prominent characteristic, all
things considered. Is this the general opin-
ion of him? Name any apparent contradic-
tion in his nature, that is, union of opposite
Adolescence, 33ff., 56ff.
Altruism, 69, 92.
Anthony, St., 208.
Art of Religious Culture, 21 ff.
Automatisms, Mental and Motor,
121ft., 138, 141ff.
Awakening, Religious, 29ff., 39ff.
Bain, A., 105f.
Bernheim, H., 155, 169, 187, 188,
Besant, A., 143.
Bible, 15, 19, 218.
Blackie, J. 8., 228.
Body (see Physical).
Bradley, F. H., 219.
Braid, J., 155, 161.
Brewster, Sir David, 183.
Brinton, D. G., 242.
Buddha, Gautama, 141.
Burnham, W. H., 13, 35.
Burr, A. H., 117.
Catholic Church (Roman), 48, 56,
151, 188, 241.
Child Mind, 31f.
Child Religion, 32f., 60ff.
Christ (see Jesus).
Christian Science,23,151, 166, 175f.,
Christianity, 106, 203, 205f., 243,
Conscience, 67ff., 73ff.
Conversion, 42ff., 105ff., 140, 146f.
Dangers of Suggestion, 169ff.
Daniels, A. H., 13, 48.
Diagnosis, Spiritual, 104.
Diagnosis in Disease, 171, 186, 193,
Difficulties of Adolescents, 56ff.
Doubts, 58ff., 84, 237, 239.
Drummond, H., 104.
Dynamics, Religious, 104ff., 108.
Eddy, Mary B. G., 191ff., 196, 199.
Ellis, H., 106, 236.
Emerson, R. W., 205.
Emotion, Physical Effects of, 156f.
Emotion in Religion, 141, 215, 219.
Epidemics, Religious, 141.
Expectation (see Suggestibility).
Experience, Religious (see Reli-
Experimental Method, 138.
Faith Healing, 151ff.,166,176,184ff.
Fatigue, 71ff., 93, 98.
Fear, 50, 157.
Feelings, Religious, 50 (see also
Emotion in Religion).
Feminine Element in Religion,
236ff., 244, 247.
Fouillee, A., 115.
Francis of Assisi, 200, 209ff .
Gulick, L., 13, 40.
Hall, G. S., 12f.
Hallucinations, 122ff., 173ff.
Healing, Divine, 151ff., 184ff.
Holiness Movements, 217.
Hughes, Thomas, 259.
Hunter, J., 162f.
Hygiene, Physical and Mental, 88,
Hypnotism, 128ff., 144ff., 164ff.
Imaginary Diseases, 180.
Intellect, 37, 114ff., 218f., 246.
Intellectual Difficulties, 58ff.
James W., 215.
Jesus the Christ, 201ff., 204, 206,
221, 242f., 256ff.
Lancaster, E. G., 13, 35, 40.
Lateau, Louise, 201.
Leuba, J. H., 13, 106f.
Levy, A., 115.
Liebeault, 169, 172.
Lotze, H., 231.
Love, Christian Principle of, 206.
Lowell, J. R., 228, 247.
Mather, Increase and Cotton, 142.
Men and Women (see Sexes).
Mental Healing, 156ff., 164ff., 174ff.
Methods of Studying Religious
Phenomena, llf., 109 (see also
Minifitrv and Mission Work, 81ff.
Miracles, 186, 200ff.
Moll, A., 129.
Morbid States, 70, 73ff.
Motor, Automatisms, 124f.
Muller, J., 162f.
Nerve Fatigue, 71ff., 93, 98.
Newton, Sir Isaac, 181.
Nietsche, F., 106, 248, 257.
Oberammergau Passion Play, 257.
Pedagogy, Religious, 61, 69, 87, 96ff.
Philosophy, 6, 22, 52.
Physical Correlations of Religion,
47, 52, 65f., 71, 92ff., 100.
" Power," The, 141ff.
Prayer-Meeting Songs, 229ff.
Psychology of Religion, 5, llff.,
lOOff., 104, 247, 252.
Puberty, 33ff., 41, 96ff.
Questionnaire, 13ff., 109, 126, 261,
Queyrat, F., 115.
Religious Awakening, 29ff.
Religious Experience, 104ff., 139f.,
143f., 252, 261.
Religious Instinct, 54, 244.
Revival Methods, 6, 12.
Ribot, Th., 115.
Romanes, G. J., 241.
St. Vitus's Dance, 141.
Sanctification, 45f., 217.
Science and the Supernatural, 16.
Scientific Method, 5, 12, lOOff., 138,
2 7 8
Sex and Religion, 33, 94ff.
Sexes, The, 41, 236ff., 244, 253ff.
Smith, G. A., 104.
Sorrow for Sin, 50ff.
Spiritual Exercises, 214ff.
Starbuck, E. D., 13, 40, 41, 45, 50,
58, 95, 107f., 237f.
Stein, G., 132.
Suggestibility, 128ff., 138ff., 181.
Suggestion, 141, 144ff ., 156ff., 173ff .,
Supernatural, 16, 102.
Temper, Bad, 89ff.
Temperament, 107f., 114ff., 138ff.,
206ff., 243, 272.
Theology, 6, 22, 62, 64, 113f.
Tuckey, C. L., 157, 169.
Tuke, D. H., 155, 163f., 192.
Visions, 141ff., 177.
Wesley, J., 106f., 141f., 146.
Will, The, 38, 120, 258.
Women and Men (see Sexes).
Wundt, W., 114.
Zola, E., 189.
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