Page 17, 33J line omit "Mid. Pillsbnry," who was drowned previously by the capsizing of a boat.
Page 19, in 2d line of paragraph beginning "Was launched, 1 "altered to a Krig" should read, altered to a ttiig-
Puge 28, last column of Revenue service "originally a Propeller" should rend, originally a Steunu-r.
Page 41, last column, 4th line from bottom a comma after "killed" should be a period.
Pnge$7, last column, Dili line from bottom substitute for "Detroit" .\wgurii.
Pages 74, 87, 89, 93, 95, 105, and 107 "Lt. Capt., and Commo. J. B. Nicholson" should read, J. B. Jficolson.
Pages 80 and 95 "Lt. T. Baily and Lt. B. Baily" should read, Lt. T. Bailey.
Page 84, last column "Steamer" should read "Sc/ir."
Pages 85, 97, 99, 103 "Capt. S. L. Breeze" should read, Capt. S. L. Breese.
Page 87, 4th column, lllh line from top "Norfolk" should read, New York.
Page 88, 2d column, 10th line "quarters to windward" should read, gtiins to windward.
Page 89, last column, 13th and 14th lines "1837" should read 1847.
Page 91, 1st column, 4th line "Feb. 12th, 18U9," should precede the date next above.
Page 91, 1st column, 20th and 21st lines omit "Jan. 23d, 1825, and Feb. 2Ist, 1826."
Page 91, 2d column, 16th line after "Capt." add Clias. Stewart, and then follows the 1st Lt., &&lt;,.
Page 91, 2d column, 21st and 24th lines "Capt. D. J. and D. S. Patterson" should read, 1). T. Patterson.
Page 91, 2d column, bottom line -"Comdr. John Rudel" should read, Comdr. John Rudd.
Page 93, 3d column, 3d line "Capt. Lever" should read, Capt. Sever.
Page 93. 3d column, 34tli line "Commo. T. Truxton" should read, Commo. T. Truxtun.
Page 95, 1st column, 9th line "Sept. 24th, J825," should precede the date next above.
Page 98, 2d column, 8th line of 2d note "keels over" should read, heels over.
Page 98, 2d column, 1st line of last note "logged 2 inches" should read, hogged 2 inches.
Page 99, 3d column, 13th line "Hon. H. M. Wallerson" should read, Hon. H. M. Wutterson.
Page 99, 3d column, 3d and 10th lines from bottom "Commo. C. F. and C. T. McCauley" should read, Commo. C. S.
Page 101, 2d column, 2d line from bottom "Capt. S. Mercer" should read Comdr. S. Mercer.
Page 101, last column, 19th line "Feb. 19th, 1846" should be 1848.
Page 104, 3d column, 12th line from top "Ovatan" should read, Ora/oft,
Page 107, 2d column, 8th line from bottom "Mr. Comdt. T. Crabb should read, Mr. Comdt. T. Crnbbe.
Pages 107, 109, 111 "Comdr. and Lt. McCluny and McClung should read, Win. J. JUcCluney.
Pages 110, and 1 11, 3d and 4th columns "Sancelito" should read Saucetito.
Page 111, 2d column, 6th line from bottom "Comdr. Joel Abbott" should read, Comdr. .loel Mbol.
Page 113, 2d column, 17;h line from top Comdr. W. C. Nicolson" should be, Comdr. W. C. Nicholson.
Page 119, 2d column, 4ih line from top "P. M. J. C. Henry" should read, P. Mid. J. C. Henry.
N. B. The author left the U. S. on Foreign service while this work was in process of publication, which will account for
most of the above errors.
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES.
T II E
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES,
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT,
1775 TO 1853;
, WITH ^
A BRIEF HISTORY OF EACH VESSEL S SERVICE AND FATE AS APPEARS UPON RECORD.
LIEl IT. GEORGE F. EJHIIIOiYS, U. S. W.,
FROM THE MOST RELIABLE SOURCES, UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE
TO WHICH IS ADDED A LIST OF
PRIVATE ARMED VESSELS,
FITTED OUT UNDER THE AMERICAN FLAG, PREVIOUS AND SUBSEQUENT TO THE
WITH THEIR SERVICES AND FATE;
A LIST OF THE
REVENUE AND COAST SURVEY VESSELS,
BELONGING TO CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES IN
PRINTED BY GIDEON & CO.,
OCEAN NAVY OF THE U. S. NO LONGER IN SERVICE, &c. - -1
LAKE NAVY OF THE U. S. NO LONGER IN SERVICE, &c. 18
GUN BOATS, BARGES, AND SURF BOATS, NO LONGER IN SERVICE, &c. 22
NAVY OF THE U. S. STILL IN SERVICE, &c. ... 24
REVENUE AND COAST SURVEY VESSELS STILL IN SERVICE . 28
STEAM NAVY OF THE U. S. . - - 30
U. S. MAIL AND OTHER OCEAN STEAMERS " 36
CAPTURES BY THE U. S. NAVY IN THE ORDER OF DATE DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR - - 40
CAPTURES BY THE U. S. NAVY IN THE ORDER OF DATE DURING THE FRENCH WAR, &c. - - 48
CAPTURES OF VESSELS OF WAR BY THE U. S. NAVY DURING THE LAST WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 56
CAPTURES BY THE U. S. NAVY IN THE ORDER OF DATE DURING THE LAST WAR WITH GREAT
BRITAIN - ...... go
CAPTURES BY THE U. S. NAVY IN THE ORDER OF DATE PIRATICAL 76
CAPTURES BY THE U. S. NAVY IN THE ORDER OF DATE DURING THE WAR WITH MEXICO - - 80
SERVICES, &c., OF THE PRESENT NAVY - 8G
COLONIAL ARMED VESSELS AND THEIR CAPTURES, &c. ...... I2 4
PRIVATE ARMED VESSELS AND THEIR CAPTURES FROM 1776 TO 1783 127
PRIVATE ARMED VESSELS AND THEIR CAPTURES DURING THE WAR WITH G. B., 1812 TO 1815 - 170
DATES OF INTERESTING NAUTICAL EVENTS, &c. - .... 202
ADMINISTRATION OF THE NAVY DEPARTMENT, HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE - - - - 204
The information and data contained in the following tables have been extracted, collated, and
arranged with much care, and are derived from a variety of sources.
Among those most worthy of mention are, the files of the Slate and Navy Departments the
American Archives and State Papers Clark s, Goldsborough s, and Cooper s Naval Histories, and
Niles s Register.
1 have not, however, confined myself to these, but have also examined and compared other
American and English Histories, and contemporaneous published accounts ; besides, in a few in
stances, have sought information from those still living.
Among the latter I feel most indebted to Commodore Charles Stewart, Commodore Charles
Morris, Chief Naval Constructor J. Lenthall, Consulting Engineer C. W. Copeland, and Peter
Force, Esq., of Washington, D. C., each in their respective departments. To each and all of
whom, and to any others, who have contributed in any way to afford me information or facilities, I
now return my sincere thanks.
This compilation was originally intended to embrace only the Navy proper, but to make it more
complete and satisfactory as a work of reference, a List of all the Private armed Vessels, fitted out
in the Uniled States, from the earliest period, with their armament, captains, captures, &c., &c. ;
was subsequently added. Some of these were fitted out by private individuals, or companies, and
others by States; and many, it will be seen, were commanded by officers who afterwards held corn-
missions in our Navy.
For similar reasons I have added tables embracing the principal Ocean Steamers of the United
States, including those carrying the U. S. mail, which, under certain contingencies, may become a
portion of the Navy of the United States. Also a list of the Revenue and Coast Survey vessels in
1850, which have since undergone but little change.
G. F. EMMONS.
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES,
From the commencement, in 1775, to 1853.
INCLUDING CAPTURES AND SERVICES PERFORMED, AND THE FATE OF
EACH VESSEL, ETC.
NAVY OF THE
NO LONGER IN SERVICE. BROKEN
NAMES OF VESSELS.
wv,,,,, Lost or
When captured, &c.
On Point Judith
At sea, March 7
Portsmouth N H- .
( * Captured .
** Captured . .
Off Delaware Bay
PROVIDENCE 2. .
Charleston S C
f (f It
In Europe, and fitted
j tt Seized
out in France
[ " Sold
INDIEN, or 1
1777 Presented to
Philadelphia June 3
Q.UEEN OF FRANCE
Nantes, France. . .
DUC DE LAUZUN
UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED.
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT, IN 1775, TO 1785, AFTER WHICH THE CODNTRT WAS WITHOUT A NAVY UNTIL 1797.
While in command of Captain E. Hinman, by H. B. M. ships Ariadne and Ceres. Commo. J. Paul Jones claims to have first displayed
the Colonial flag on board of this ship, in which he was the 1st Lieut, under Commo. Hopkins, while laying; off Philadelphia, in 1775.
April 1st. Having been chased on shore by the British squadron. Had only four guns mounted at the time. Under Capt. A. Whipple,
composed one of Commo. E. Hopkins s squadron to the W. Indies in 1776.
While in command of Capt. H.Johnston, by H. B. M. Cutter Alert, after an action of 3j hours, her armament being only 4 pds. at the time.
While in command of Capt. J. Olney, by H. B. M. ship Milford, 32 guns. Capt. 0. and crew escaped in a schooner, having previously
run his vessel on shore and abandoned her.
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Supposed to have been the first U. S. vessel to receive a foreign salute. The Gov.
of St. Eustatia having been subsequently removed for this indiscretion.
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Composed one of Commo. Saltonstall s squadron, and was at this time commanded
by Capt. H. Hacker.
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Originally named the " Falcon." One of Commo. Saltonstall s squad-]
ron. Was one of the first cruisers to put to sea. I ,
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Originally named the "Scorpion." One of Commo. Saltonstall s f ^mpany.
squadron. Was one of the first cruisers to put to sea.
Probably destroyed as above. Was used principally as a Despatch vessel ; and in some accounts is called the " Cruiser."
While in command of Capt. L. Wickes, who, with all on board but the cook, perished. Was the first U. S. vessel of war that visited
Europe; carrying out B. Franklin, soon after our Declaration of Independence.
Having run on a ledge of rocks, when about to depart in co. with the Alfred, Commo. P. Jones, in an expedition against Nova Scotia.
Supposed to have been destroyed in the Delaware, in 1777, to prevent falling into the hands of the enemy.
" " " " " " See table of captures for the
service of the vessels.
(I II tt II (C U
While in command of Capt. J. Manly, by the Rainbow, 40, Sir Geo. Collier, and brig Victor, after a chase of 30 hours; the H s sailing
having been impaired by lightening the ship too much forward.
While in command of Capt. N. Biddle, after an action of 20 minutes with H. B. M. S. Yarmouth, 64, Capt. Vincent; and all but 4, out
of 315, perished. The Y. lost 5 killed, and 12 wounded.
While in command of Captain J. Barry, after an action of 9 hours with H. B. M. S. Experiment, 50, Wallace and Unicorn, 22. Having
lost 25 killed and wounded, run the ship on shore and deserted her.
By tKe enemy. Had never received her armament.
Aug. 14. While in command of Commo. Saltonstall ; to prevent capture by the British squadron of 9 sail, under Sir Geo. Collier.
While in command of Capt. J. Nicholson, by H. B. M. S. Iris, 32, (formerly U. S. S. Hancock,) and Gen. Monk, 18, after a gallant
resistance of more than one hour, during which she was completely dismantled, and lost 5 killed, and 11 wounded.
By the enemy, under Capt. Henry, R. N. Also 6 small cruisers and 31 merchant vessels. The E. had never received her armament.
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy, after Sir Geo. Clinton got possession of the Highlands.
By the British squadron ; she having previously struck on the middle ground and lost her rudder. Capt. Nicholson escaped on shore with
his papers, and 10 men.
May 12. By the British squadron, at the time the city surrendered to the enemy. Was at this time commanded by Capt. A. Whipple.
" " " " Capt. S. Tucker. (Car
ried John Adams to France in 1778. Was struck by lightning and near being blown up.)
While in command of Capt. C. Alexander and aground, by the enemy, whose, blockade prevented her from ever getting to sea.
To prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Never got to sea.
Supposed to have been destroyed in the Delaware, in 1777. See table of captures.
While under Capt. Conyngham, who had previously made several captures in her, on the enemy s coast.
" " actually fitted out in one of the enemy s ports.
Ity" The Lake Navy, see pages 3 and 4, should come here in the order of dates.
Who loaned her to the Duke of Luxembourg, and the latter hired her to South Carolina for 3 years, for the proceeds of her prizes. She
sailed first under Commo. Gillon, in 1781, and made several prizes. In the following year, under Capt. Joiner, she was captured on
our coast, after a chase of 20 hours, by H. B. M. frigates Astrea, Diomede, and Quebec. The Indien carried Swedish 36 s on her
main deck, making her, for this period, a very formidable frigate.
The last vessel retained under the old organization ; afterwards converted into an Indiaman, and finally laid up on Pellet s island, opposite
While in command of Capt. Seth Harding, by a British 74. Was dismasted on her first cruise ; and was one of the few vessels of our
Navy that carried 12 pounder guns.
Formerly called the " Deane." Was one of the last cruisers at sea in this war, under Capt. J. Manly. Was frequently chased, and made
several narrow escapes.
While in command of Capt. Raihburne; the city having previously surrendered to the forces under Sir Henry Clinton.
" " Capt. Green, in 1782, off Havana, threw overboard her armament to escape from the British squadron, the Alliance
in co. See table of captures.
While in command of Capt. Simpson. By the enemy s fleet after the city had surrendered. Her armament consisting of 6 pounders.
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. NO LONGER IN SERVICE
NAMES OF VESSELS.
a A R A TOO A
GEN L GATES
Sunk . . .
Loaned to the U. S.
by the French Gov-
the French after the war.
GEN L WASHINGTON
NOTE. From 1785 to 1797, a period in which we had no Navy. Some of the States maintained at sea several small cruisers of their own .
U. S. SQUADRON.
Capt. Dickenson . .
4 pd rs
The whole under the
4 to 6
command of Brig. Gen l
B. Arnold, officered and
REVENGE 2. .
2 to 4
manned, principally by
LIBERTY (o). .
Fought a drawn battle
2 to 12
posite, off the Island of
Valcour,0ct llth which
PROVIDENCE 3. .
lasted 5 hours; during
disabled, run ashore on
Gondola was sunk, in-
Sunk . .
60 killed and wounded.
Gondolas were aband-
ler s Island. In a run-
on the lSth, the Wash-
4 to 12
Split Rock, after a severe
TRUMBULL 2. .
4 to 18
remainder of the fleet, as
CONGRESS 2. .
WASHINGTON 2. .
GATES * (a)..
Gen IB. Arnold
Gen l Waterbury....
6 to 8
4 to 18
6 to 18
run on shore in a small
creek, about lOmiles from
Crown Point, and de
stroyed by their own of
ficers, to prevent falling
my. From here, Gen l
Arnold conducted his
forces through the woods
toTiconderoga, where he
arrived on the 14th, and
joined the remainder of
his squadron, consisting
of six vessels.
NOTE The figures following the names of the vessels represent the number that has belonged to the service of this name, in the
order of date.
BROKEN UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED.
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT, IN 1775, TO 1785, AFTER WHICH THE COUNTRY WAS WITHOUT A NAV7 UNTIL 1797.
Oct. While in command of Capt. J. Young; and has never since been heard of. See, also, table of captures.
While in command of Commo. John Paul Jones, after her encounter with the British frigate Serapis, 44, which she captured, after one
of the severest actions on record, about one-half of the whole number engaged, being either killed or wounded. She was formerly an
Indiaman, by the name of " Duras."
These vessels composed the squadron of Commo. J. P. Jones. They were fitted out in France, and only partially officered, and manned, by
Americans. The Alliance frigate, was also attached to this squadron, but, owing to the insubordinate conduct of her commander, who
was a Frenchman, by the name of Landais, she was of no service.
Was captured by the Providence, 12, Capt. Hacker, and taken into theU. S. service ; and when destroyed was in command of Capt. Brown.
To replace the Magnifique, 74, lost in Boston harbor same year. Was the first 74 built for our Navy, and the command awarded to
Commo. Paul Jones by a unanimous vote of Congress. Was finally captured by the English.
Formerly the " Gen. Monk," of 20 guns, captured by the American privateer Hyder Ally, of 16 guns, Lieut. J. Barney, U. S. N. After
wards employed as a packet.
Capt. Pringle, R. N., and Gen l Sir
principally from the British fleet lay-
Lt Scott . -
< 6 24 s
in the action of the llth they had
I 6 12 s
up, with from thirty to forty killed
20 GUN BOATS
9 to 4
Their subsequent loss is presumed
4 LONG BOATS
9 to 24
which was estimated at eighty killed
20 LONG BOATS
were on board of the Congress.
* Exclusive of Indians, of which there were several hundred, giving the enemy a superiority in numbers of men, as well as vessels,
guns, and weight of metal.
This, to many, will appear more apparent when it is recollected that some of our vessels were armed with three and four different
kinds of cannon.
The Washington, for instance, was armed with one 18, one 12, two 9, and four 4 pounders, which alone must have produced confu
sion during a warmly contested action.
See official dac., in 2d vol., 5th series of the American Archives, for correspondence relating to, &c.
NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. NO LONGER IN SERVICE
NAMES OF VESSELS.
Built or pur
and still in I
1rTi\r<aTi?i r ATION
Baltimore . . . .
GEORGE WASHINGTON. . . .
Newbur pt. P.
Middletown . .
CONNECTICUT 2. .
New York.. .
WARREN . ..2..
Charleston . . .
West Indies. .
$26 - pr toll
Baltimore . . . .
1 || f
} . I
ofT Boston. .. .
3 GOV JAY
Charleston... " $28, pr. ton
( GENERAL GREEN
captured, by the
* The only vessels (on this page) retained at the conclusion of the French war ; the others, including the Maryland, Patapsco, Augusta,
and Experiment, that follow, were all sold out of service for the sum of $309,330, having been previously divested of their armament and
BROKEN UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED.
SECOND ORGANIZATION, FROM 1797 TO 1800, INCLUSIVE.
Was the 1st vessel launched under the new organization, July 10, 1797. Particulars of service, &c., will be found in the tables that follow.
" 3d Oct. 21, 1797.
" 3d " Sept. 7, 1797. " "
Presented to the Dey of Algiers.
Was the first to get to sea, May, 1798, under Capi. Rich d Dale ; 2d cruise under Commo. T. Tingey ; 3d do. Capt. J. Mullowny. Was
originally an Indiaman.
Was the first American man-of-war to display the U. S. flag in the Mediterranean under P. Fletcher ; was one of Commo. Tingey s squad
ron on the Guadaloupe station in 1799; under Capt. Wm. Bainbridge carried tribute to Algiers in 1800; from thence took presents to
the Sultan in Constantinople, and upon her return to Algiers relieved many foreigners in captivity.
Cruised in the West Indies, under Capt. H. McNiell, in 1798-9 ; and was sent to France for our minister in 1800.
Capt. M. Brown, composing one of Commo. J. Barry s and S. Decatur s squadron in 1798-9 and 1800.
Capt. M. Tryon, composing one of Commo. J. Truxtun and " " " "
Capt. D. Jewett, composing one of Commo. S. Talbot s in 1800.