Copyright
George Foster Emmons.

The navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel's service and fate online

. (page 3 of 26)
Online LibraryGeorge Foster EmmonsThe navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel's service and fate → online text (page 3 of 26)
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Sunk ....

Captured.
Recapt d .
Burnt. . . .
Sold


Pt. Royal sound.! 1814

New Orleans... 1814
Off the coast 1814
Marquesas Isl ds 1814
New York 1815


Pn .




nETIRfi-l ANA


280
338
355
1508

509




r RTTE lVWir H




<i
(t

Philadelphia. . ..
Baltimore

Washington
New Orleans . . .




peep-Y In


60
400

II


V. 25,000
267,554

232,767


GUERRIERE . ...


Broken up

it

Burnt ....
onthest ks


Norfolk 1841




1842

Washington 1814
New Orleans...; 1814
At sea 1815


A RfJTTS 2


TCHIFONTA




Suspended
55,000


EPERVIER


12b


477
1508
2000 =
2250
260


COLUMBIA .


Washington
New York


Burnt
Blew up..
Broken up
Sold


On the stocks... 1814
Brooklyn 1829
New York 1843
, 1818


FULTON \




320,000
235,801
13,000
500
14,000
17,389

17,435
13,000
30,000


WASHINGTON 3. .
TOM BOWLIN


750
90




P..

Baltimore. P. .
P..
P..

P..
P..
P..

New Orleans...
Washington. . . .

from State Dept . .


RANGER 3. .


(i

3,500

3,500
3,500
3,500


1816


FLAMBEAU




soa

II

333
260
28(i


1816


SPARK


90


New York 1826


FIREFLY


.... 1816


TORCH




1816


SPITFIRE 3..




1816


KAGLE 3..




ison


LYNX


50

Trana




T .Mot A t BOH 1 QOft


ROANOKE


ferred




Sold


Wilmingto. 1816
1818


TORPEDO


DESPATCH


(|

Stoop
Schr.
Sloop
Feluc.
Brig.
it

ii
it


2
5
2
5
2
12
14
14
14


23 50




(1


1890


BUFFALO


PhiUidel. P. .


II






CORPORATION






(1

1815

it




i


Sold


Philadelphia 1820
IRdfl


CAMEL.




Philadel. P. .
Purchased
Philadel. P. .
Warren, R. I...

Middletown . ...
ii


BULL DOG


15


290
390
360
370






New Orleans... 1821
1819
Caicos, W. 1... 1816
New York 1818


PROMETHEUS


20,000
52,000
26,000
26,000


Sold
Lost
Sold
Lost


CHIPPEWA




SARANAC




BOXER











BROKEN UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED. 13



SECOM) ORG\NIZ*TION, FROM 1797 TO 1853, IKCLFSIVE.



Was captured, set fire to, and abandoned by the enemy in 1313, after a gallant resistance, during which her commander, Sigourney, and
several others, were killed and wounded. Mid. McClintock, 2d in command, recovered l.er again upon the retreat of the enemy. Em
ployed on the Southern Const, during the remainder of the war; then became a tender to the Java frigate, and finally a Receiving vessel
al Baltimore.

While in command of Lt. R. Basset, during a violent tornado, Midshipmen Brailsford, Rogerson, and 21 men were drowned. Had pre
viously beaten off the armed boats of the British squadron, after considerable loss on both sides. Was subsequently raised, and finally
srld in 1815 for $1,825.

Dec. 14, while in command of S l Master R. Sheppard, by the boats of the British squadron, off Malheureux Islands.

While in charge of Lt. Wilmer, by the British frigate Barrosa, being on her return from the Pacific with a cargo of oil. While a prize and

cruiser in the Pacific, under Lt. J. Downes, U. S. N., made three valuable captures.
By her commander Lt. J. M. Gamble, M C., not having men enough left to man her. Was a prize to the Essex frigate, Capt. D. Porter,

and had been converted into a Sloreship, and armed for defence.
Formerly the " Atlantic," prize to the Essex frigate; was converted into Cruiser and given in charge to Lt. (now Commo.) J. Downes,

and afier the capture of the Essex was converted into a Cartel for her officers and crew.
Named after the prize to the Consiitution, which was burnt at sea in 1812. Sailed on her first cruise to the Mediterranean, under Commo. S.

Decatur, in 1815, whtre she was subsequently commanded by Capts. T. Macdonough, W. L. Gordon, C. B. Thompson, and L. War-

rington, the tatter returning with her to the U. S. in Oct., 1820. Made her last cruise in the Pacific in 1829-30, and 31, under M rs

Comdt. Jos. Smith and E. B. Babbit, as the flag ship of Commo. C. B Thompson.
Named after the prize to the Constitution, which was burnt at sea in 1813. Made her first cruise to the Mediterranean in 1815, under Commo.

O. H. Perry. 2d Do. do. in 1827 to 31, under Capts. Wm. M. Crane, J. Downes, J. Biddle, C. W. Skinner. T. \V. Wyman, W.

M. Hunter, and then became the flagship of Commo. J. Biddle; and finally returned to the U. S. in 1831, under Ca|>t E. P. Kennedy;

after which she was used as a Receiving ship at Norfolk.
By order of the President, to prevent her falling into the hands of the enemy. Had not yet been armed and equipped.

Do. Secretary of the Navy, and was subsequently sold. Was intended for River defence.

While in command of Lt J. T. Shubrick, with all on board, including M rCnmdt. Wm. Lewis, bearer of despatches from Commo. Decatur,

and Lieuts. Neal, Yurnall, and Drury. She passed out of the Straits of Gibraltar July 14, and was never afterwards heard from.
By order of the President, upon the advance of the enemy, after the battle of Bladensburg.

June 4, while a Receiving ship in command of M r Comdt. J. T. Newton, killing Lt. Breckenridge and 47 others, and wounding as many
more. The first Steamer built for the U. S. Navy, and originally intended to throw hot water, as well as shot. See table of steamers.

Was the second 74 launched under the new organization. Cruised in the Mediterranean in 1816-17, and 18, under Capt. J. 0. Creighton,
as the flag ship of Commo. I. Chauncey.

Was a Store vessel in 1814, under Lt. B. V. Hoffman. In 1815 sailed from New York for New Orleans, under S l Master Carlton.

See no account of services performed.

Made one cruise to the Mediterranean, under Lt. J. B. Nicolson.

Cruised in the Mediterranean from 1815 to 21, under Lieuts. T. Gamble, J. J. Nicholson, | These vessels were purchased near the close of

W A. Weaver, R. H. Perry, and J. H. Elton ; and in the W. Indies from 1822 to I the war and composed the squadron of Com-

25, under J. H. Elton, J. Wilkinson, E. R. Shubrick, and J.T. Newton. mo. D. Porter, that was destined to ihe West

Was armed with 10 18 pdr. carronadcs, and 4 long 18s. Made or e cruise to the Mediter- * Indies with orders to burn, sink, and destroy



ranean, under Lt. G. W. Rodgers.
Made one cruise to the Mediterranean, under Lt. W. Chauncey, armed with 8 18-pdr. car-



the enemy s vessels and commerce. Were
hastily put together, of bad materials, and



ronades, 2 long 18s. soon decayed.

Made one cruise to the Mediterranean, under Lt. A. J. Dallas, armed with 8 18-pdr. carron- |

ades, and 2 long 9a, and 1 long 18. J

Find no record of services performed.

While in command of Lt. J. R. Madison, with all on board. Accompanied the Independence, 74, to the Mediterranean in 1815. Examin
ed the N. E. Coast of the U. S. in 1817, under Lt. G. W. Storer, with Commo. Biinbridge and Gen. Swift on board ; afterwards cruised
in the Gulf of Mexico.

Was dismantled and laid up soon after the war.

Last on the Navy Register.

Was employed on a detached survey of the coast, under Alex. Cunningham ; also commanded by Lt. E. A. F. Vallette.

Employed as a Transport vessel on the Philadelphia station.

Employed as a Receiving vessel ; was very much decayed in 1818. On the Philadelphia station.

Do. do. do do.

On the Register, and reported in good condition. New Orleans station.
Employed principally on the Coast, protecting the Revenue, under Lieuts. J. J. Nicholson, A. S.]



Wadsworth, and W. B Finch. The second named went to Europe in her in 1817.

While in command of Lt. Geo. C. Read, (crew saved,) who had previously made a cruise in
her to the Mediterranean.

Made her first cruise in the Mediterranean under Lt. J. H. Elton, and was subsequently em
ployed on the Coast under Lt. A. J. Dallas.

While in command of Lt. J. Porter, (crew saved,) who had previously made a cruise in her to
the Mediterranean.



These 4 vessels composed the squadron
of Commo. 0. H. Perry, that was des
tined for the Mediterranean just be
fore the war ended, with instructions
similar lo those given to Commo. Por
ter, before alluded to.



14



NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. NO LONGER IN SERVICE



NAMES op VESSELS.


Class


Guns.


Men.


Tons


Built, purchased,
or captured.


When


Cost, &c.


Sold for,
&c.


Where.


When


FIREBRAND


Schr.
Ketch
Ship.

Schr.

(I

4(

(1

Ship.

Steam
Galliot

Schr.



1 1

u

Ship.

Schr.

Schr.
Brig.


12
12
34

4
12

12
12

12
12
6

!

3
3
3
3

3
3
3

3

18

44

18

18
18

10
10
(10








1815
1815
1815

1817
1820

1821
1821

1821
1821

1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1822
1825

1826
1827

1828
1828

1831
1831
1831


$3,050
3,850
v 200,000


Condem t
(i

Broken u]

Condem c
Lost. . . .

Sold ....
Lost.. . .

(i

Sold....
| 4,750
Condem i
Sold .


New Orleans. . .
New Orleans . .
Philadelphia. ..

Baltimore
West Indies. ..

Carrysfort Reef


1819
1820
1836

1821
1833

1823
1835

1846
1843

1826
1840
1838
1824
1824
1825
1825
1825
1824
1825
1846

1844
1840

1843
1841

1848
1845
1848


SURPRISE






New Orleans.?.


CYANE


185




POX






PORPOISE




198
198

198

177
184


Portsmouth....


25,529
26,909
25,389

23,627
23,627

6,500

< 16,000
i 32,898 E

1
> 10,190

109,156

241,310
104,845

115,325
93,063

28,355
27,935

30,697

!


ALLIGATOR 3..




DOLPHIN 2. .






SHARK




Washington. . . .
Washington. . ..

New York... P.
New York... P.
Baltimore. .. .P.
" ti

<< <(
it
tt ^

(i


Columbia river.
Off Charleston.
Norfolk


GRAMPUS




DECOY




SEA GULL j






Philadelphia. . .
Baltimore


POX 2


31
31
31
31
31
31
31
31


51
65
47
52
61
53
48
51
700

1728
700

700
559

194
194
194


GREY HOUND


JACKALL


n




BEAGLE




TERRIER






WEASEL






WILD CAT






FERRET a


ii

n


West Indies
Eletheura, W. I.


BOSTON 4..


HUDSON




New York... P.
Norfolk


NATCHEZ




Broken up




CONCORD




Portsmouth ....
New York


E. C. of Africa..
Columbia river..

Philadelphia.. ..


PEACOCK a..




ii

Sold


EXPERIMENT 2. .
ENTERPRISE 3. .
BOXER 2.. |




Washington. . ..
New York




Sold
Sold




Philadelphia. . ..


1





BROKEN UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED. 15



SECOND ORGANIZATION, FROM 1797 TO 1853, INCLUSIVE.



As unworthy of repair. Employed in the Gulf of Mexico under Lts. A. S. Campbell and T. S. Cunningham. In October, 1817, lost her

anchors, boats, and one gun in a heavy gale.
Employed on the New Orleans station under Lt. 1. McKeever, &c. Armament reduced to six 12 pdr. curronades.

Cruised on the Coast of Africa, and in West Indies, from 1810 to 1823, under Capts E. Trenchard and R. T. Spence. Do. Mediterranean
in 1824 and 5, Capt. J. 0. Creighton, and on the Coast of Bru/.il from 1825 to 27, Capt. .T. D. Elliott. Sunk at the Navy Yard in
Philadelphia, in the winter of 1835.

While a Receiving vessel.

While in command of Lt. Wm. Taylor, on a reef oft" Pt. Lizardo; crew saved. 1st cruise in W. Indies in 1821, 2, and 3, under Lt. J.

Ramage. 2d do., C. of Africa in 1824 and 5, do. C. W. Skinner. 3d do., NE. Coast 1825, do. P. A. Parker. 4th do., Med. 1826 to

30, do. B. Cooper, J. H. Bell, and T. M. Newell. 5th do., W. Indies, 1830 to 32, do. J. Pcrcival, J. Armstrong, and J. Mclntosh.
While in command of Lieut. J. M. Dale ; crew saved. Made her 1st cruise in the W. Indies under Lt. R. F. Stockton, in 1821 and 2.

Do. W. H. Allen to November 9, 1822, when he was killed in an action with a Piratical vessel, and the command devolved upon his

1st Lieut , J. M. Dale.
Where she cruised from 1821 to 23, under Lt. D. Conner. Do. to 26, do. J. Percival. Do. 27, do. B. Kennon. Do. 28, J. H. Aulick.

Do. 29, do. C. H. Bel! and J. P. Zanlzinger. Do. 1830 to 31, do. E. B. Babbit, C. H. Caldwell, and A. Fitzhugh. Do. 32 and 3,

do. J. C. Long. Do. 34, do. R. Voorhees, and lastly in 1835, under Lt. C. H. Bell, when it was thought unsafe to attempt to bring

her home around the Capes, owing to her decayed slate.
Sept. 10, while in command of Lt. N. M. Howison ; all hands saved. Made her 1st cruise in the W. Indies in 1822 and 3, under Lt.

M. C. Perry. 2d do. 1823 and 4, do T. H. Stevens. 3d do. Coast of Africa and W. Indies, 1826 and 7,0. Norris. Do. NE. Coast

1827, and W. Indies in 28, I. McKeever. Do. and C. of Africa to 1832, S. W. Adams and R. Voorhees. Do. Med. 1833 to 35, H.

Pauldingand E. Ridgeway. Do. W. Indies 1838, Geo. F. Pearson, and under Lt. A. Bigelow in December, 1839, was the 1st U. S.

vessel of war to pass through the Straights of Magellan from East to West.
While in command of Lt. A. E. Downes, with all on board. In her 1st cruise in the W. Indies in 1822 and 3, under Lt. F. H. Gregory,

captured a noted Pirate. Same station in 1825 and 6, J. Cassin. Do. 28 to 31, W. K. Latimer and I. Mayo. Do. 32 to 35, J.

Tattnall, J. Smoot, J. White, and R. T. Ritchie. Do. 36 and 7, C. Boarman, S. F. Du Pont, J. Cassin, J. Mclntosh, and F. A. En-

gle. Do. 38 and 9, E. Peck, J. L. Saunders, and J. S. Paine, the latter to the NE. Coast of Africa in 1840 and 41, and last cruise on

the Home station under Lts. G. J. Van Brunt, and A. E. Downes.
Employed as a Store ship, under Lieuts. Kearney, Maury, Gamble, and Mix.

Commanded by Lts. W. H. Watson, I. McKeever, R. Voorhees, &c.



;



These vessels, with sundry barges and
boats, composed the "Mosquito fleet"
of Commodore David Porter, which
was employed in the West Indies in
1823 and 4 for the suppression of Pi
racy.



Commanded by Lts. W. H. Cocke, J. T. Ritchie, J. A. Cook, &c.

Commanded by Lts. J. Porter, W. A. C. Farragut, J. H. Lee, L. Kearney, <fec.

Commanded by Lts.T. H. Stevens, J. P. Oellers, J. H. Lee, &c

Commanded by Lts. J.T.Newton, J. Cross, L.N. Montgomery, A. B.Pinkham,C.T.PIatt,&c.

Commanded by Lts. R. M. Rose, W. W. McKean, J. M. Mclntosh, J. S. Paine, &c. -

Commanded by Lts. B. Kennon, J. P. Zantzinger, C. Boarman, &c.

While in command of Midshipman L. M. Booth, with all on board.

While in command of Lt. C. H. Bell, with 9 of the crew.

November 15, while in command of Commander Geo. F. Pearson, and during a squall in the night ; all hands saved. Cruised on the C.
of Brazil from 1826 to 29, under M r Com dt B. V. Hoffman. Do. Med. in 1830, 1, and 2, do. G. W. Storer. Do. W. Indies 1836
to 39, do. B. Dulaney, F. Engle, and Com dr E. B. Babbit Do. E. Indies 1841, 2, and 3, do. J. C. Long. Do. Brazil, 1843 to 46,
do. G J. Pendergrast; then follows her Gth and last cruise.

Made one cruise to the Brazil station in 1828, 9, 30, and 31, as the flag ship of Commo. J. O. Creighton, and was subsequently employed
as a Receiving ship on the New York station; was originally built for the Greets, and named the "Liberator."

Cruised in the West Indies and Home squadron in 1827 and 8 under M r Com dt George Budd. Do. 1829 do. Wm. B. Shubrick. Do.
from 1829 to 31, do. A. Claxton, .1. T. Newton, and J. D. Elliott. Do. Brazil, 1834 and 5, do. .1. P. Zantzinger. Do. W. Indies,
1836, 7, and 6, Com dr Wm. Mcrvine. Do. 1839, do. B. Page.

October 2, with her commander, Wm. Boerum, Purser Hart, and one of the crew. Her 1st Lieutenant, J. M. Gardner, chartered a Brig
to bring home the remaining officers and crew, and in the following year was sent out in the Brig Chipnla, to recover the guns, &c.,
from the wreck. Performed her 1st cruise in the Mediterranean in 1830, 1, and 2, under M r Com dt M. C. Perry. 2d do. W. In
dies 1836 and 7, do. M. P. Mix. 3d do. 1838, Comd r A. Fitzhugh and J. L. Saunders.

July 18, while in command of Lt. W. L. Hudson, and attached to the Exploring Expedition, all hands saved. Was built expressly for
Exploration, but performed her 1st cruise in the West Indies in 1829, 30, and 31, under M r Com dt E. R. McCall. 2d. do. Brazil,
1832, 3, and 4, do D. Geisinger. 3d do. E. Indies 1835, 6, and 7, Com dr C. K. Stribling and Commodore E. P. Kennedy. Dur
ing this cruise was near being lost on a coral reef at the mouth of the Persian Gulf; after hying 61 hours, was finally extricated by
lightening ship, throwing overboard guns,&c.; and her last cruise in the Atlantic, Antarctic, and Pacific in 1838 to 1841.

WHS constructed on a novel plan, and performed service on the Coast in 1832-3, under Lt. Wm. Mervine. Do. W. Indies, 1833 to 35,
Lt. T. Paine ; and in the survey of the Coast, from 1835 to 39, under Lieuts. G. S. Blake, J. Glynn, and T. R. Gedney ; after which
she became a Receiving vessel at Philadelphia. Lost her rudder at sea in a gale, April 26. 1835.

Cruised on the Brazil station, in 1832-3, under Lt. S. W. Downing. Do. and E. Indies, 1834 to 37, under Lieuts. A. S. Campbell and
Geo. Hollins. Do. Pacific, 1838-9, under Lieuts. Wm. M. Glendy and H. Ingersol. Do. Brazil, 1839 to 42, under Lieuts. F. El-
lery, P. Drayton, and Comdr. L M. Go dsborough. Do. 1843, Lt. J. P. Wilson. Do. 1844, Lt. J. M. Watson.

Cruised on the Brazil station, in 183H-3, under Lt. B. Page. Do. West Indies, 1834, under Lieuts. W. F. Shields and D. G. Farragut.
Do. Pacific, 1835 to 37, Lt. H. N. Page. Do. 1838 to 40, Lt. W. C. Nicholson. Do. Home squadron, 1842 to 44, Lt. O. Bullus.
Do. Africa, 1846-7, Lt. J. E. Bispham. Do. 1848, Lt. H. H. Bell.



16



NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. NO LONGER IN SERVICE



^NAMES OF VESSELS.


Class


Guns.


Men.


Tons.


Built, purchased,
etc.


When


Cost, &c.


Sold for,
&c.


Where.


When


op A BIT 9


Schr.

Barq e
and
brig.

Schr.

It

Pilot

boats.

Sir.
Schr.

Brig.

Steam
ship.

Brig.

ci

Steam
ship.

Schr.

Brig,
ti

Bomb
brigs.

Ship
Schr
ti

Sir.
i<
it

Brig


1
1

r
i.

2
2

I"
I.

2
2

2

|

10

10

!

2

10
10

f 1
1
1
I 1
2
1
1
3
3
3
10








1831

It
11

1836

If

(1

1837
1838

It

1840
1841

II

1842

(t

1843

(t
II

1846
ii

it
ii
it
ii
t(
ii
it
tt
ti


$4,747
4,854
4,756
51,724

51,724

30,875

< 8,000)
(24,764 $

10,000

11,000
Relinquish
it

9,500

570,667
37,650

40,867
212,614
11,000

48,350
Relinquish
17,000
17,000
12,500
34,478


Sold


Norfolk


1833
tt

1831

1844

((

1838

((

1842

1839
1845
1844

1845

1843
1846

1849

1848

1846
1848

((
It
It
II
((
II
(I
|(
||

1848
1848


A RIFT ^








ti
Lust




cvr PH Q






West Indies... .
Philadelphia. ...

Norfolk


POV^ORT .^


75
63

50
50
15

15


230
230

120
122
90

100
250


Sold


PIONEER . 1


Norfolk


11
((

4,500
6,000

Lost


PILOT


New York
P.
P.

P.
Tr. fm War Dept

Ft. Vancouver. P.
New York

it

Norfolk


Baltimore
New York


ACTIVE


FLYING FISH ")


SEAGULL 2J


Off Cape [lorn..


POINSETT


ed in
in

Sold


OTSEGO




Norfolk


OREGON .




250

1700
259

331

672
250

364
erred
182




MISSOURI \


268


Burnt....
Sunk ...

Lost....
Broken u]
Lost....

Sold....
cd to Coast
3,010
3,010
5,350
4,700




SOMERS 2..


Off Vera Crnz..
Tuspan bar. . . .


TRUXTUN




166

80
Trans


PRINCETON \


Philadelphia. . .


ON-KA-HY-E


New York. P

Baltimore
from Trea y Dept
Boston. P
P
New York. P
P
P
" p

" P
" P
P
P
Captured


Caicos reef, W.I
New York....


LAWRENCE 2. .


WASHINGTON 4. .


ETNA 3"|


Norfolk


8TROMBOLI




VESUVIUS 2





239

194
248
76J
76i
228
339
230


Norfolk


HECLA




ELECTRA




Norfolk


BONETA





11,547
11,603
49,441
60,505
44,825


1,250
1,575
5,110
14,500
2,300
4 525


tt
New York....
Norfolk


REEFER


SPITFIRE 4


50
60
50


SCORPION 2.


New York.. ..
New Orleans..


SCOURGE , 3


MALEK ADHEL















BROKEN UP, SOLD, CAPTURED, OR DESTROYED. 17



SECOND ORGANIZATION, FROM 1797 TO 1853, INCLUSIVE.

f Under Lt. W. P. Piercy.
Employed in the protection

of Timber on the Southern < Under Lt. E. Farrand.
Coast.

( Under Lt. H. E. V. Robinson, with all on board ; supposed to have foundered.

f The command first given to Lt. J. Glynn, who performed relief duty on the coast till 1837. Employed as a Gov-
Th e vessels built i ernment packet to the W. Indies in 1838, Lt. W. H. Gardner. Do. Surveying Southern Harbors in 1840-41,
, Lieuts. J. Glynn and L. M. Powell; then a Receiving vessel at Portland, in 1842, Lieuts. Downes and Lewis,

expressi) tor me ^.^ 1843 _ 4j L( H Y p urvjance . u. S. Coast, 1844, Lt. E. L. Handy.

diiion and after a Command first g ven to Lt - J - Tattnall, who carried Gen. Santa Anna to Vera Cruz in 1837, after he had been

tUfa rtorv trial at ? aken P isoner b y Gen - Houston in Texas. In March, 1838, was near being lost in Long Island sound, while

were with in comrn>ulcl of Lt. W. D. Newman ; soon after became a Receiving vessel at Baltimore until 1844, wren she

drawn as unsuited was convertej into a Store vessel . an(1 sent to the coast of Brazil, under Lt. T. D. Shaw; upon her return

I Command first given to Lt. H. W. Morris; only performed an experimental cruise on the Coast. Under the most
^ favorable circumstances and a press of sail, these vessels have been known to sail about 8 knots per hour.

Cruised one winter on the Coast, to afford relief to vessels in distress, under Lt. W. G. Woolsey. Was purchased for the Exploring Ex
pedition and finally abandoned, the pilot boats that follow being substituted instead.

Having successfully escaped through the perils of a 4 years cruise in the Exploring Expedition, and while in command of Lieuts. W. M.
Walker and R. F. Pinkney, penetrated to the depths of the frozen Antarctic. During much of this service was in charge of Passed
Mid. S. R. Knox.

While a tender to the Exploring Expedition, and in command of Passed Mid. J. W. E. Reid, with Passed Mid. F. A. Bacon and 14 men,
during a severe gale; she was last seen by the Flying Fish, which parted company with her to seek shelter under False Cape Horn.

Employed principally on the southern coast against the Florida Indians, and in the survey of Tampa Bay , from 184U to "45, inclusive, under
Comdrs. I. Mayo, I. Shubrick, and Lieuts. J. A. Davis, W. F. Lynch, C. H. McBlair, R. Semmes, &c. Carried a long 32 pivot gun.

Also employed against the Florida Indians, under Passed Mid. E. T. Shubrick, in 1840-41. Do. J. S. Biddle, in 1842; and with the brig
Jefferson, schrs. Wave, Flirt, Madison, Van Buren, and Badger, composed the principal portion of the Mosquito fleet of Lieut. J. T.
McLaughlin, U. S. N.

Was purchased by the commander of the Exploring Expedition for the officers and crew of the Peacock, after the latter was wrecked. Lt.
0. Carr brought her home in 1842. During the remainder of this and the following year, was employed in a survey of Tampa Bay,
&c., under Lieuts. L. M. Powell, C. H. McBlair, and W. R. Taylor; and subsequently, until 1845, on special service, under Lieuts.
W. D. Porter, W. P. Piercy, and A. Sinclair.

Aug. 26, while in command of Capt. J. T. Newton ; officers and crew saved. Had been in commission the previous year on the Coast.
Congress has since appropriated about $60,000 to be expended in removing the sunken wreck.

While in command of Lt. R. Semmes, having capsized in a squall when light; Passed Mids. Clemson and Hynson, and Mid. Pillsbury,
with 37 of the crew, were drowned. Was employed on special service, in 1842, under Comdr. A. S. Mackenzie, when a mutiny was
detected on board of her that resulted in the execution of one of her Midshipmen, a B. Mate, and one Seaman. Lieut. J. W. West,
Comdrs. J. T. Gerry, and J. D. Ingraham, subsequently commanded her on the Home station.

Aug. 15, while in command of Comdr. E. W. Carpenter, who, with his crew, were taken prisoners by the Mexicans ; the wreck was sub
sequently burnt by the U. S. squadron. Under Comdr. Geo. P. Upshur made her first cruise to the Mediterranean in 1843. Do.
Comdr. H. Bruce, second cruise to Coast of Africa in 1844-5.

The first Screw Propeller built for the U. S. Navy, under the direction of Capt. R. F. Stockton, who subsequently commanded her, in 1844-5,
on special service, on the Coast, and in the W. Indies. In 1846-7 was attached to the Home squadron, and in 1848-9 to the Mediter
ranean squadron, under Comdr. F. Engle ; during which time she proved a most excellent sea boat, and efficient cruiser.

June 21, while in command of Lt. 0. H. Berryman ; officers and crew saved. Had previously made a cruise to the W. Indies and Coast
of Brazil under the same officer. Was originally a pleasure Yacht; had two keels, and was very heavily sparred, drawing nearly 13
feet aft. Lieuts. W. C. Whittle, J. E. Bispham, and Comdr. J. D. Knight had previously commanded her.



Online LibraryGeorge Foster EmmonsThe navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel's service and fate → online text (page 3 of 26)