Copyright
George Foster Emmons.

The navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel's service and fate online

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The largest were 40 feet long by 12 feet beam, and 4 feet 4| inches depth, exclusive of the keel.
2d size 37. 9 " ~ " 11 " 4 " " " "

3d " 35.9 " " 10.2 " 3 " 9 " " "

Both ends were sharp alike; and the weight of the. three, or one set, was 15,999 pounds.

Their estimated cost was to average about $450 each, but owing to the unfavorable time in which they were built, (during the month of
January, and 30 days only having been given to deliver them finished to the Government,) they considerably exceeded this sum, and fell
but little short of $600 each.

The object for which these were built, rendered them of but little service to the Navy after the Army had obtained a footing in Mexico;
and as they were unsuited for the ordinary duties of our men of war, they were necessarily left more exposed to the Northers ; so but few
ever returned to the U. S.



NAVY OF THE UNITED



Class.


Vessels.


Guns.


Complement
of officers and men.


Tonnage.


Commenced build
ing.


Where built.


When
launch d.


Rate.


Carries.


8-Inch.


32-pdr.


Total.


Line of Bat
tle Ships.


f PENNSYLVANIA


120
74
74
74
74
74
74
74
74
74
74

54

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

36
36

20
20
20
20
v 20
20
20


16
(Old.) j
12
12
12
12
20
12
12
12


104

64 long
20 car.

68
72
72
72
64
72
72
72


120
| 86

80
84
84
84
84
84
84
84


1100


3241
2257
2480
2757
2633
2633
2633
2633
2633
2633
2805

2257

1607
1607
1726
1726
1726
1867
1726
1726
1726
1726
1726
1726

1278
1341

882
1022
989
958
985
1064
939


1822
1815
1816
1817
1818
1817
1818
1818
1818
1818
1815

1814

1796
1796
1819
1821
1825
1839
1825
1820
1820
1826
1820
1822

1796
1832

1842
1843
1843
1843
1843
1843
184.1


Philadelphia. . . .
Philadelphia
Washington. . ..
New York


1837
1815
1819
1820
1820
1820
1848


FRANKLIN


COLUMBUS 2..
OHIO 2..


780
820
820
820
820
820
820
820


NORTH CAROLINA...
DELAWARE 2..
VERMONT


Philadelphia. . . .




ALABAMA


Portsmouth.
Boston .
Gosport.


VIRGINIA 3..


NEW YORK 3..
NEW ORLEANS


INDEPENDENCE ..2..
( UNITED STATES


8

4
4

8
8
8
8
10
8
8
8

O

8

6
6

4
4
4
6
4
4
4


48

46
46
42
42
42
42
40
42
42
42
42
42

32
32

18

18
18
16
18
18
18


56

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

38
38

22
22
22
22
22
22
22


550

480
480
480
480
480
460
480
480
480
480
480
480

380
380

210
210
210
210
210
210
210




1814

1797
1797
1821
1825
1836
1841
1842
1842
1843
1847

1797
1836

1842
1843
1843
1844
1844
1846
1846


1st Class
Frigates.

9d Class
Frigates.

1st Class
Sloops.


Philadelphia. . . .


CONSTITUTION


POTOMAC


Washington. . . .
Washington. . . .
Washington. . . .


BRANDYWINE


COLUMBIA 2..
CONGRESS 4..


CUMBERLAND




SAVANNAH


New York


RARITAN


Philadelphia. . . .


ST. LAWRENCE


SANTEE


Portsmouth.
New York.


SABINE


C CONSTELLATION
1 MACEDONIAN 2..

fSARATOGA 3..
PORTSMOUTH 2..
PLYMOUTH




Portsmouth
Portsmouth


. ST MARY S


Washington.. . .


JAMESTOWN


ALBA.NY


New York
Philntlfilnhin. .


GERMANTOWN .,



STA1ES, JANUARY 1, 1850.



COST.


ANNUAL EXPENSE, WITH WAR COMPLEMENT, is- COMMISSION.


Building,
complete.


Repairs
to 1850.


Pay.


Provisions.


Ord
nance.


Stores.


Medi
cines.


Wear
and re
pair.


Contin
gent.


Total.


Average cost complete, about


$694,500


$77,301


1 $190,000


$80,432


$20,000 $23,000


$5,000


$48,000


$16,000


$382,432


As a receiving ship; 125 offi






















cers and crew.


438,149


27,487




















426,930


260,468


























1












547,889


471,673




















431,852


369,176




















543,368


459,199


153,000


59,991


16,500


18,000


4,000


44,000


14,000


309,491


620,000








Batteries


since


altered.










Present battery, "t all but the






















two first and hist, of thii






















class.


$80 p. ton.




J


















421,810


538,392


101,152


40,150


12,000


15,000


3,000


40,000


8,000


219,302


500,000






















299,336


658,106


-i














Rebuilt on the original model ;






















tonnage estimated upon the


302,719


495,236


















modern rule.


( 350,000






















\ estimat d \ <***




















399,217 644,496




















336,891 ! 136,339




















399,068 | 122,631


91,480


35,040


11,200


14,000


2,500


32,000 , 7,000


193,220


390,000


357,475 114,808




Shell Guns


confined


to the


Gun


Deck




Present battery, of all but the




















two first, of this class.


40U : 739


78,260




















406,087


81,663




















429,607






















314,212


400,982


) 74,644


27,740


8,500


11,600


2,000


22,000


5,000


151,484


275,000


258,872 67.135


















Present complement, 292 offi






















cers and crew.


159,169


86,847




















170,586 ; 24,280




















168,212


36,386




















192,113


26,497


47,669


15,330


5,000


7,500


1,200


15,000 ; 3,000


94,699


180,000. All now carry 6


199,726


46,023


















Shell Guns, the aggregate,
in each case, remaining the






















same.


159,214


18,333




















166,343


18,936





















NAVY OF THE UNITED



CLASS.


VESSELS.


GUNS.


Complement
of officers and men.


Tonnage.


Commenced build
ing.


Where built.


When
aunch d.


Rate.


Carries.


8-Inch.


32-pdr.


Total.


2d Class
Sloops.

3d Class
Sloops.


VINCENNES


18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18 |

16
16
16
16
16
16

10
10
10
10

2
1

2
1
1

4

4
4
4
4
4

10
6
2


4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4


16
16
16
16
16
16
16

14

18
2

) 18
( 2

16
16
16
16
16

6


20
20
20
20
20
20
20
18
| 20

| 20
16
16
16
16
16

6
6

2


190
190
190
190
190
190
190
190
190

150
150
150
150
150
150

80
80
80
80

30 to 50
30 to 50
30 to 50
30 to 50
30 to 50

45
44
45
45
37
37

300
200
100


700
703
700
700
700
792
792
700
697

559
566
566
566
566
566

224
224
259
280

150


1825

1826
1826
1825
1827
1837
1837
1830
1825

1813

1838
1838
1838
1839
1838

1836
1836
1842
1843

1839
1838
1841
1846
1847

1825
1835
1842
1842
1845
1846

90 days
90 days
90 days


New York


1826
1827
1828
1828
1828
1837
1837
1830
1826

1813
1839
1839
1839
1839
1839

1836
1836
1842
1843


FALMOUTH




FAIRFIELD


New York


VANDALIA


Philadelphia
Washington. . . .


ST LOUIS


CYANE 2.


LEVANT 2..




JOHN ADAMS 2..
WARREN 3..

f ONTARIO


Gosport


Car. . . .
Me....

II






DECATUR


New York . . .


PREBLE




Portsmouth


1 MARION




DALE




Philadelphia. . . .


YORKTOWN




("DOLPHIN 3..
PORPOISE 2..
1 BAINBRIDGE




New York




(2 me.
)4car.

6

(2 me.
/ 6 car.

Car. ..






Boston


Schooners...

Store vessels.

1st class.

| 2d class.
8
tn 1 3d class.


{ PERRY






f FLIRT


2 18




WAVE




1832
1841


. PHENIX


2 B. 6 s
1 Me.
6 12

Long...
Guna. .
Long...
Car. ..
Car. ..
Car. ..

10 inch.
2


Long . .
32
Car. ..

9 s

(4 18
(2 12

9 R
42 s
24 s
24 s

8 inch.

8

6
2


2
1

fi

4

4
2

4
4

10
6
2






PETREL


76J
76

691
468
611
567
800
547

Coal for
Coal for
Coal for




I.TANEY






LEXINGTON 2..
RELIEF




1825
1836
1842
1845
1846
1846

1850
1850
1850


Philadelphia....


ERIE 2..


.
SOUTHAMPTON




FREDONIA




SUPPLY


Purchased


STEAMER


$25,000
18,000
10,000


STEAMER


STEAMER









STATES, JANUARY 1, 1850.



27



COST.


ANNUAL EXPENSE, WITH WAR COMPLEMENT, IN COMMISSION.








|










Building
complete.


Repairs
to 1850.


Pay.


Provi
sions.


Ord
nance.


Stores.


Medi
cines.


W , ear Contin-

andre - gent,
pair.


Total.


Average cost complete, about


$119,175


$314,346


1 Present b attery in the
brass howitzers;


Japan ex pedition :
and ere w 178.


4 8-in. g


uns of 55 cwt. ; 4


32s of 33


cwt. ; 1 24 and 2 12-pdr.


112,535


305,092












121,987


139,265


Putupat Ipublic sale in Norfo Ik, June, 1852,


and bou ght in by


the Gov t.


for $7,500 ; since broken up.


116,123


269,841








Rebuilt, and lengthened 13 feet






1 !






in 1848.


129,858


212,886


$44,889


$13,870 $4,000


$5,800 $1,000


$12,600 $2,000


$84,159


$140,008


143,469


59,089




















146,209


27,013




















119,308


293,326




















104,369


179,888




















59,344


179,646


1 While a


Receiving


ship at B


altimore,


as at pres


ent; crew


reduced


to 41 office


rs and men.


117,483


46,032


39,529


10,950


3,000


3,500


800


10,000


1,200


68,979


118,000


112,782


44,969


















^Vhile employed as a Practice


124,546


72,712



















ship battery only 8 32s of
33 cwt. each.


107,722


69,527




















106,361


71,332


!


















47,469


63,665


]


















45,000


74,501


While att


ached to the


Japan ex


pedition,


battery


reduced


tol 24 a


nda 12-pdr


brass Howtz s,and a crew of 69.


49,790


14,046


21,846


6,000


2,000


2,000


500


5,000


1,000


38,346


50,000


50,750


42,271






















23,857


1




















8,000


13,659

6QQ1


1 t \i u\


O HIM!
















12,696


,OO 1

235


iy,uuu


o,UOU


1,000


1,000


300


3,000


600


20,900


22,000




3171




















112,103


flla

( old&newj
{ 200,968


i
















Complement since increased to
48, officers and crew.














91,288


92,228
















Complement since increased to


84,603


( old&new
( 319,191












47, officers and crew.
Sold.












i








93,250


5,439


14,000


3,000


600


800


300 !. 4,000 800


23,500


64,000


63,303


29,464








1




Present crew 41 total.


< 60,000
\ equipped


| 27,695 i




.








Present crew 40, total.












600,000


to 700,000


76,000 i 21,900


6,000


10,000


1,800


< & fuel nnn
\ 60,000 J UUI


184,700


700,000


400,000


to 500,000


50,000


14,600


4,000


8,000


1,200


45,000 6,000


128,800


500,000


200,000 to 300,000


35,000


7,300


2,000


6,000


600


30,000


3,OUO


83,900


300,000



NAVY OF THE UNITED









G0N.




c

-1




2


























CLASS.


VESSELS.








ie


a


|u


Where built.


When
launch d.






Rate.


Carries.




I s


a


S
















O o


a


g
















o




a
















16


95


Purch d


New York


1852
























TOHN P KENNFDY


( 2


Brass.. ISpdr. )




45




Purch d




1853






J 1


Brass. . 24 pdr. J















VESSELS OF THE

UNITED STATES REVENUE SERVICE. 1850.



NAMKI OF VESSELS.


Class.


Station.


REMARKS.


ALERT


Schr.




Laid up since condemned.


CAMPBELL


ci


Norfolk, Va


In commission.


CRAWFORD


d


Charleston, S. C..,.


In commission.


DALLAS


ii


New York, N. Y


In commission.


DUANE


tt




In commission.


FORWARD


tt




In commission.


HAMILTON


K




In commission.


HARRISON


(1




In commission.


INGHAM


(1


Erie Pa


In commission.


JACKSON


It






LAWRENCE


Brig






MADISON


i <




Laid up.


MORRIS


it


New York N, Y....




POLK


11


New York N Y....




VETO


Boat.




condemned.
In commission.


WOLCOTT


Schr.
Boat


Mobile, Ala

Key West Fla


Laid up.











Mounting usually from 6 to 8 light carriage guns.

.Vote. There are now building, in different ports of the United States, Revenue Cutters, which are to be named after the different
members of the Cabinet of the United States.

Abie. The system of rating our ships originally copied from the English is calculated to mislead, inasmuch as some vessels are
rated the same number of guns that they carry, while others carry from 4 to 12 guns more than their rate ; and it is not unfrequently the
case that the battery undergoes a change, while the rating remains the same. For this reason, I have added to the rate of each vessel in
the foregoing table, of the Navy still in existence, the actual number of guns carried, with their calibre, &c.



STATES, FROM 1850.



29



Cost of
building,
complete.



$8,000
2,->,000



KtMAllh



As n Tender to Comdr. C. Ringgnld s Japan Expedition. Was formerly the Pilot Boat " Skiddy," out of New York. Sailed

June 11, 1853, from Norfolk, undrr ihe r.oniinand of Passed Mid. IJ. K. Stevens.
Store Ship of Comdr. C. Uin^old s Japan Expedition, (formerly the "Sea Nymph.") Sailed from New York June 21, 1853,

under the command of Lieut. N. Collins.



VESSELS OF THE

UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY. 1850.



NAMES or VESSELS.


Class.


Station.


REMAHKS.


BIBB


Sir. .


Nantuckct Shoals. }
Florida coast S
Hatteras Shoals
Chesapeake Bay.
Mobile Bay.

i

[ Chesapeake Bay. J

I

Northwest coast.

i r

Gulf of Mexico,
j and eastern coast,
bays and rivers.


Commanded by Lieutenants in the Navy, in charge of Hydrographical par
ties ; officers and crew numbering 48.

This vessel has since been lost near the Straits of Magellan.

These vessels were transferred from the Navy Department in 1850- !. The
first was near being lost on our const in 1846, having been dismasted in
n severe gale, in which her commander, Geo. M. Bache, and 10 men,
were washed overboard and lost.

Oilicera and crew numbering 17.
The first Revenue Schooner of this name blew up in Charleston, S. C., in 1813,

Many of these arc light draught and small vessels, used principally by the
Triangulating and Plane Table parties along shore, in the Bays, Sounds,

&c.

The first Screw Propellers built for the Revenue service were the Polk and
Spencer, in 1843. These proved failures, and soon went out of service.

The " Tom Corwin " (side wheel) has since been added.


HETZEL


(i

el

u

Bri S .
Schr.

(1

((

(t
tt
<(
tt
it

u

11
{(
II
tt

tt

((
II

((


JEFFERSON


LEGARE


WALKER


WASHINGTON


\VAVE


PIKEN1X


PETREL


TANEY


EVV1NG


GRAHAM


GALLATIN


G M. BACIIE


BANCROFT


MADISON


MORRIS


J. Y. MASON


NAUTILUS


VANDERBILT


FRANKLIN


F. II. GERDES


NYMPH


BELLE





STEAM NAVY OF THE



Names of vessels.


c-a

<u -^

I* .

0-3 <tf

<->.


Where built.


When

In itn-
chcd.


Hull.


Cos! OF BUILDING.


DESIGN


Engines.


Boilers.


Complete.


Hull.


Engines.


1st.

FULTON . . . . !


Ju e20
1314

J835
Raze .l

1839

1841

1842

1843
1845

184G
1852

1836
1844

1851
1845


New York . .

New York . .
New York . .

Philadelphia.

Gosport
Eric


Oct. 29
1314

1837
1851

1841

1842

1844

1844
1845

184G
1852

183(i
1847


Estimu d
#144,94!)

238,963

87,8fi4
73,133






$320,000
308,1%

567,408

172,865 |

165,000

53,648
37,989

66,402
74,725

18,997
242,596


Robt. Pillion

Sum l Humphries
Do

C S Harlt J


Robt. Fulton


$40,191)

147,181

53,189
49,549


$93,396

96,390

13,754
10,295


C. W. Copeland. .
C. B. Stewart

C. W. Copeland.

Lt. W.W.Hnntcr
Wm.M. Ellis ...

C. W. Copeland.

Lt. W.W.Huntci
Wm.M. Ellis...

R. F. Loper


2d..
.3d..

MISSISSIPPI


% S. Humphries \
f 3. Lcntlmll. . )

U.W. W.IIuntei
! Gricc

Sam l Hartt


UNION
MICHIGAN


1...

2. . .

WATER WITCH
3...

4...
ENGINEER


Washington.

Philadelphia.

Washington.
Washington.

Purchased.. .
Pittsburg....


John Porter ... 5
Lt. W.W.Huntci

C. D. Brodie














C. 11. Haswell...
B. F. Ishcrwood..

old engines and

( Lt. W. Hunter
\ C. II. Huswell


in Balto.
!)G,C75


for





F. Lcnthal!


Since rebuilt with
Lt. W.W.Huntcr

Do


ALLEGIIANY . . .
[,..
VIXEN 3


113,641


included.. .


! Purchased
in N. York

New York . .


| 184C


36,00(1


& equipped

employed

173,172
nd rquippc


ineludcd...

in the Semi

134,233
d for sea. .


55,002


Bell and Brown. .


Win. Li-htlmll..

Allaire & Co
UccdtT

C. W. Copeland .


GEN L TAYLOR


SUSQ.UEUANNA


Ucbu l
1847


Pensacola . . .
i hihdclphia.


ly-16
1850


21,750

2C7,CIO
Armed n


697,215

710.40H


V. Gricc
J. Leiuhnll





UNITED STATES, 1850, 51, & 52.



ERS.


BUILDERS.


Boilers.


Hull.


Engines.


Boilers.


Robt. Fulton

C. W. Copelaml .
Clms. B. Siewart.

C. W. Copeland .

| W. M. Ellis...

C. W. Copeland .
W. M. Ellis


A. & N. Brown..


Robt. Fulton

Win. Kemblc
R. II. Da

Mernok &


11. Fulton, N. Y..

OfW.Pt. foundry
nliani, N. Y

I owne, Phila. . . .

W.M.Ellin, D.O.

romlinson, Pitts g

W. M.EIIia.D. C.
Do do..

Do do..
....Do do, .


Do
J. Lenthal!


". Grice,
Sam l [lartt


W. M. Ellis


John Porter
Do

C. D. Brodie
I. Hoover
80S8


Wm. M. Ellis ...
R. F Lopor

Wm. M. Ellis...
Wm. M. Ellis ...


Do
Chas. H. Haswell
B. F. Isherwood . .

new boilers for $2
C. Il.IIaswell...

I!. F. Islierwood . .
W. Kemhle






Tomlinson.Pitts g


A MehafTy . .


A. Mchafly& Co.
\V. Kemlilfl . > , ..

Allaire & Co
Reeder

. Murry & Ilazle


Rell & Brown....

G. *LymiaY! .....
t. Ler;thall


W. Pt. foundry. .


New York
of Baltimore

C. W. Copeland .




lurst, Baltimore. .



Service performed, &c., to 1853, inclusive.



The 1st Steamer built for the U. S. Navy. Plans for her con
struction were furnished by Robert Fulton in 1813. A law
was passed authorizing her being built in 1814, and in June,
1815, she made her trial trip, under Capt. D. Porter, U. S.
N. Peace being ratified with Great Britain, she became a
Receiving ship at New York, where she blew up in 1829.
See tables of vessels no longer in service.

Fulton No. 2, employed on the Coast, from 1838 to 40, under
Capt. M. C. Perry. Do. 1841, do. Capt. J. T. Newton.
Do. 1842, do. Capt. B. Cooper, when she was laid up in
ordinary, and finally razeed.

Employed in the W. Indies in 1852, under Comd rs T. G. Ben-
ham and C. H. Jackson. On her trial trip, and under fa
vorable circumstances, she made 5 milea per hour, under sail
alone, dragging her wheels, which were stationary; and under
steam alone, 15 statute miles. January 18, 1853, left Nor
folk for Havana, under Lt. A. Murray, with the Hon. W. R.
King as passenger, returning to Norfolk May 11, same year.

Home squadron 1842, under Capt. \V. D. Sailer, and during
the Mexican war, in the Gulf, as the Flagship of Commo
dore M. C. Perry, under Capt. A. Filzhugh, and Comd rs
II. A. Adams and A. S. Mackerr/.io. In Mediterranean in
1849, 50, and 51, under Capt. J. C. Long, bringing to the
U. S. 42 Hungarian exiles from Turkey. NE. coast of the
U. S, in 1852," under Capt. W. J. McCluney, and then to
Japan as the Flag ship of Commodore M. C. Perry, under
Comd r S. S. Lee.

Made an experimental cruise on the Coast in 1843, under Lieut.
W. \V. Hunter, which, after certain alterations were made,
was repeated in 1844 and 5, under Lieuta. II. H. Bell and
Wm. McBlair. Was finally sent to Philadelphia in 1848,
her boilers and machinery taken out, and the vessel convert
ed into a Receiving ship.

Employed on the Lakes since she was launched, under the re
spective commands of Comd rs Wm. Inman, S. Champlin,
J. Mclntosh, 0. Bullus, and A. Bigelow.

Originally fitted with a "Hunter Propeller," and intended for
harbor duty as a Tug and Tank. Was subsequently cut in
two, lengthened, and given new engines and a "Lopcr Pro
peller" in 1845, and in 184G altered to a side wheel steamer
with new machinery.

Employed in the West Indies from 1847 to 50, under Lieut.
Geo. M. Tottcn, and subsequently broke down under Lieut.
J. S. Missroon, when she became a target for gunnery prac-
tic"ein Washington.

A new vessel; built of timber; command given to Lt. T. J.
Page, who departed from Norfolk, Feb. 8, 1853, to explore
anil survey the waters of the Parana, Paraguay, &c., in
South America.

Employed principally as a Tug and Despatch boat on the Nor
folk station, in charge of Master Olmstead.&c. In 183D sur
veying Southern Coast under Lt. M. F. Maury.

Made a cruise to the Coast of Brazil, Mediterranean, and (hen to
the West Indies in 1847, 8, and 9, under Lieut. W. W.
Hunter, who designed her motive power and superintended
her building.

A propeller being now substituted in place of the submerged
wheels.

Originally intended for the Mexican Government. Employed
principally in the West Indies during the Mexican war, and
up to 1851, umler. Coind rs J. R. Sands. II. Pinkney, and
Lieuls. Wm. Smith, O. Carr, J. H. Brown, and J. II.
Ward, and at present attached to the Home squadron in com
mand of Lt. S. Swartwout.

Purchased by the Warjand transferred to the Navy Department.
Burnt in Pcnsacola in 1846. Rebuilt and employed as a
Tug and Despatch vessel on the Pensacola statisn until 1852,
when, requiring new boilers and extensive repairs, she was
sold at public auction for JJMOOO.

Frame of live oak; planked with white oak, and braced with
wrought iron. June 8, 1851, departed from the U. S. on her
1st Cruise to the East Indies, under Capt. Inman, bearing
the flag of Commo. J. H. Aulir.k, carrying out the Hon. R.
C. Schenck, J. S. Pendleton, Chev. S. De Macedo, (Brazil
ian minister,) and others to Rio.



32



STEAM NAVY OF THE



NAMES or VESSELS.


CT:)

o> "

5

O 13 be

"S.5


Where built.


When
laun
ched.


COST OF BUILDING.


DESIGN


Hull.


Engines.


Boilers.


Complete.


Hull.


Engines.


SAHANAC.


1847

1847
1847

1845

184!)
Lcng d

1843

Prop 1 1
1851


Portsmouth..


1848

1850
1850

1845

1850
1853

1844

1845
1851


|140,OC3

Armed n

281,400
101,003

50,000

12.50C
estimated

si,4ir

104, 40. r


$105,474
id equippe

242,8111

1 12,831

24,00(1

5,r, j:t

at
60,403

5,008
134,819


$70,898
1 for f:ea. .

J3fi,3!4

;u,7(;o

included.. .

2,428

29,403

included.. .


#388,308
435,400

795,221

403,85

80,000

32,87(

10,01111

212,01:,

259,460




C. W Copelaud.

C. IT Ibwell...
C. 11- Hanwell...

, John Ericsson .

C. VV. Oopc-hnd .
1) Mailin


POWHATAN


F. Griff

Sum ! lltivtt . . .


SAN JACINTO


New York . .


MASSACHUSETTS

JOHN HANCOCK ,J"

|1...
PRINCETON


J R. B. Forbes . .
( K. II. Delano..


HoKton
Boston

Philadelphia,
shifted "....




R. F. Stockton . . .

Do.
Snm l Pook




...C. II. Ilaswell
( Ericsson


....

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NOTES.

Fulton the 1st, was intended more for harbor defence than for a sea going vessel, for which she proved ill adapted on account of her heavy
hull, battery, and machinery, and her want of speed and buoyancy. Shis was built upon two hulls, between which her wheel re
volved, like some of the present New York Ferry bouts. Her outer bulwarks were shot proof, rating 5 feet thick, of solid timber,
and she was originally intended to annoy the enemy willi hot water, as well as shot. With a battery of 2G heavy guns, her maxi
mum draft was about 11 feet, and her speed .1 miles per hour, under steam alone.

Fulton 2d and 3d, also wanting in those, buoyant i|iialilies that render a vessel comfortable at sea, as well as a safe sea boat; for ihis rea
son, it was found necessary to reduce their batteries to 2 guns. No. 2 hud also 1 large chimneys, that very much impeded her head
way in heavy head winds. The hull, common to both, ia of live, oak; the boilers, as well as the machinery of the last, arc nearly all
new, and have ihu? far proved highly eHieicnt, making better speed than any of the sea steamers.

The Missouri, (a twin vessel to the Mississippi,) built in New York in 1841, and burnt at Gibraltar in 1843, was also bark rigged, and
spread 19,000 square feet of canvass. Her machinery was designed by Engineer C. W. Copelaiid, and constructed at the West
Point foundry. An experiment made by Engineer G. L. Thompson to turn her smoke into the, wheel-houses, proved a failure.



Online LibraryGeorge Foster EmmonsThe navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel's service and fate → online text (page 5 of 26)