George Grove.

A dictionary of music and musicians (A.D. 1450-1889) by eminent writers, English and foreign : with illustrations and woodcuts (Volume 4) online

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year. Its success was such as to encourage the
promoters of the scheme to convert the temjjo-
rary choir into a permanent association for the
production of classical vocal music. The new
society was called ' The Bach Choir ' (in com-
memoration of the inaugural performance), and its
object was defined by the rules to be the practice
and production of choral works of excellence of
various schools. Lord Coleridge became presi-
dent, Mr. Goldschmidt musical director and
conductor, and Mr. Coleridge honorary secretary,
while the details of the administration were
handed over to a salaried secretary and librarian.
In March 1879 Her Majesty graciously con-
sented to become patron of the choir. In June
of that year Mr. Prendergast was appointed
secretary and librarian, with the whole of the
administrative work, Mr. Coleridge retaining
the oflSce of honorary secretar}'.

AVhile practising and producing other choral
works, the Mass was not neglected, and it was
performed, for the eighth time in London, in the
Albert Hall on March 25, i8S5,in celebration of
the bicentenary of Bach's birth. For this per-
formance the choir was largely augmented by
voices selected from other leading societies, and
many retired members resumed for the occasion
their places in the chorus. Interest was also
lent to this performance by the use for the first



BACH CHOIR.

^ ikime in England of the trumpet and oloi d' amove
\ i parts as written by Bach. The whole forces were
^directed by Mr. Otto Goldschmidt, who shortly
'{afterwards resigned the post of conductor, and,
.'declining re-election, was succeeded by Dr. G.
. Villiers Stanford. In the same year Lord Cole-
ridge retired from the office of president, and
Lord Monteagle was elected to succeed him.
At the end of this year Mr. Prendergast resigned
the office of secretary and librarian, and the work
was undertaken by Mr. Morton Latham as
honorary secretary, ALr. Coleridge resigning the
office which he had held since the commence-
ment. Many members left the choir after the
great performance in 1885, but new members
were not long in filling the vacancies, and the
numbers are now higher than at any previous
time. (The only performance in England of the
B minor Mass which has not been given by the
Bach Choir was the fine production at the Leeds
Festival of 18S6 under the direction of Sir
Arthur Sullivan.)

Subjoined is a list of the principal works which
have been introduced to London through the
agency of the Bach Choir. Many of these have
been specially published for the society in the
Bach Choir Magazine.

J. 8. Bach. Mass in B minor ; MIssa Brevis in A ; Cantata. ' E!n'
(este Burg ' ; Chorus, ' Now shall the Grace ' j Sanctus in D ; Do. in C.
Berlioz. Te Deum.
Bruch. 'Odysseus.'
Cherubini. Mass in D.
Gade. ' Comala."
Kiel. ' The Star of Bethlehem,'

Palestrina. llissa Papae Marcelli : Mlssa ' Assumpta est Maria.'
C. H. H. Parry. ' Prometheus unbound ' ; ' Blest Fair of Sirens.'
Purcell. Anthem, 'Jehovah, quam multi.'
Spohr. Fs. xxiii.



Motets axd shobteb woek3.

Anerlo. 'Alleluia.'

J. C. Bach. • Lieber Herr Gott.'

Stemdale Bennett. ■ In Thee, O Lord.'

Brahms. 'Esist dasHeil.'

Eccard. ' When to the temple Mary came.'

Goss (finished by Sullivan). ' The God of Jeshurnn.*

Mendelssohn. " Tu es Petrus.'

Palestrina. ' Adoramus Te.'

Vittoria. ' O quam glorlosum,' and ' Jesn dnlcis.'



BADIALI.



529



[M.L.]

BACH-GESELLSCHAFT. The list of the
contents of the edition of Bach's works is con-
tinued in the article Kirchen-Cantaten, vol. ii.
60 h. The following volumes have been issued
since the date there mentioned : —



1S75. Twenty-flfth Tear.

assued in 1878.)
Clavier Works. Vol. 4.
The Art of Fugue.

Organ Works.
Orgelbflchlein.
6 Chorales.
18 Chorales.

1876. Twenty-sirth Tear.

assued in 1&78.)
Church Cantatas. Vol. 13.
121. Christum wir soUen loben 132. Bereitet die Wege,



1OT7. Twenty-seventh Tear.
(Issued in lb79.)
Chamber Music. Vol. 6.
6 Sonatas for Violin.
6 Suites for Violoncello.

Thematic Index to the Oiurch

Cantatas, Nos. 1—120.

1878. Twenty-eighth Tear.
(Issued in 1881.)

Church Cantatas. Vol. 14. ■
131. Aus der Tiefe.



schon.
^v>■ Das neugebor* ne Kindelein.
123. Liebster Immanuel.
]'2t. Steinem Jesumlass'ichnicht

125. Mit Fried' und Freud'.

126. Erhalf uus Herr.

127. Herr Jesn Christ.

128. AufChristiHimmelfahrt.

129. Gelobet sei der Herr.

130. Herr Gott, dich loben alle
wir.



133. Ich freue mich in dir.

134. Ein Herz. das seinen Jesum.
133. Ach, Herr, mich armen

Sunder.

136. Erforsche mich.

137. Lobe den Herren.

138. Warum betrub'st du dich.

139. Wohl dem. der sich auf seinen

Gott.

140. Wachet auf, ruft uni die
I Stlmine.



1881. Thirty-first Tear.
(Issued in 1885.]
Orchestral Works.
4 Overtures (Suites).
Symphony in F.

Musikalisches Opfer,

2 Concertos for 3 Claviers.

1882. Thirty-second Tear.

(Issued in 1886.)
Church Cantatas, Vol. 16.
1.51. SQsser Trost.

152. Tritt auf die Glaubensbahn.

153. Schau'. lieber Gott.

154. Mein liebster Jesu.
1.5.5. Mein Gott. wie lang'.
156. Ich steh' mit einem Fuss.
1.57. Ich lasse dich nicht. (Duet.)

158. Der Friede sei mit dir.

159. Sehet. wir geh'n hinauf.

160. Ich weiss, das mein ErlSser.



1879. Twenty-ninth Tear.

(Issued in 1881.)
Chamber Music. Vocal.
Was mir behagt.
Non sa che sia dolore.
O holder Tag.

HOchsterwunschtes Frendenfest.
Schwiegt stille.
Mer hahn en neue Oberkeet.
(With appendix.;
1880. Thirtieth Tear.
(Issued in 188i.)
Church Cantatas. Vol. 15.

141. Das ist je gewisslich wahr.

142. Tins ist ein Kind.

143. Lobe den Herrn.

144. Nimm was dein ist.

145. So du mit deinem Munde.

146. Wir milssen durch viel Triib-

sal.

147. Herz und Mtmd und That.

148. Bringet dem Herrn Ehre,

149. 31an singet mit Freuden.

150. Nach dir, Herr,

BACHE, Walter, born at Birmingham June
19, 1842, a younger brother of Francis Ed-
ward Bache. He studied the pianoforte and
theory under James Stimpson, organist of the
Birmingham Town Hall, In Aug. 1858 he
went to Leipzig, where he studied under Plaidy,
Moscheles, Hauptmann and Eichter. After a
short stay in Milan and Florence, he went in
the summer of 1S62 to Rome, where for three
years he received regular lessons from Liszt. In
May 1865 Mr. Bache came to London, where he
subsequently resided, with the exception of a
short stay in Florence in 1871, where he had
lessons from Hans von Biilow. Mr. Bache was
chiefly known by his unflinching advocacy of
Liszt's claims to be recognised as a composer of
the first rank. For several years he gave orches-
tral and vocal concerts, at which he brought for-
ward the following important works of his mas-
ter, many of which had not been heard in London
before : — Symphonische Dichtungen : Les Pre-
ludes, Orpheus, Tasso, Festklange, Mazeppa ;
' Von Eels zum Meer ' march, Rhapsodie Hon-
groise, No. 4 ; ' The Legend of St. Elizabeth ' ;
Psalm xiii. ; Reapers' Chorus (Prometheus) ;
* Loreley ; ' 'Jeanne d'Arc ' ; Faust Symphony ;
Piano Concertos, nos. i and 2, and Fantasie iiber
Ungarische Volksmelodien. During Liszt's visit
to England in the spring of 1886 Mr. Bache
gave a memorable reception at the Grosvenor
Gallery on April 8, when the master played
the finale of Schubert's 'Divertissement k la
Hongroise,' and his own Hungarian Rhapsody
in A minor. Mr. Bache was mainly instrumental
in founding the Liszt Scholarship at the Royal
Academy of Music, where he was a professor of
the piano. He died March 26, 18SS. [W.B.S.]

BACHELOR. For additions see Degrees, in
Appendix.

BACK, vol. i, p. 121, 1. 3 from bottom. For
maple, read sycamore or hairwood. (Corrected
in later editions.)

BACKFALL. See AGR:EsrENS, vol. i. p. 43 5.

BACON, R. M. See vol. i. p. 288. In 1. 17
of article, /or 1826 read 1829, and in the last
line but one, for Nov. 2 read Nov. 27.

BADIALI, In the last two lines of article,
for where he died about the year 1870, read He



530



BAUIALI.



(lied 17 Nov. 1865, at Imola, -where he was born.
(Corrected in late editions.)

BA RINIANN. Add the date of death of Karl
Barmann (3), May 23, 1885.

BAGPIPE, vol. i. p. 124 h, 1. 13, /or Mackin-
non's read MacEimmon's. (Corrected in late
editions.)

BAILDON. In 1. 7 of article, /or 1 768 read
1763, and addtliat he died May 7, 1774. (Cor-
rected in late editions.)

BAINI. See vol. i. p. 288.

BAKER, George. He was born in 1773, and
quitted Exeter in 1790. He was organist at
Stafford' from 1795, at Derby from 1810, and at
Eugeley from 1824. He died Feb. 19, 1847.
(Corrected in late editions.) [W.H.H.]

BALFE. Line 13 of article, /or May 18 16
read June 181 7. P. 126 b, 1. 5 from bottom, /or
ballad read ballet. P. 127 a, 1. 6, for 1828 read
1S27 ; 1. 2 8, /or in the following spring read on
May 27, 1836 ; 1. 46,/or 1840 read March 1841.
P. 1276, 1. 20-21, omit the words and a few
weeks later, at the Surrey Theatre, ' The Devil's
in it.' The production there referred to had
taken place in 1847, ^^^ should have been
mentioned six lines higher in the page. After
1. 40 add that an English version of ' Pittore e
Duca ' under the title of ' Moro,' was given at
Her Majesty's by the Carl Eosa compnny, on
Jan. 28, 18S2. Lines 54-55, the opera ' Blanche
de Nevers ' is wrongly ascribed to the year
1863 ; it was produced in Nov, 1862. (Diet, of
National Biography, to which the reader is
referred for further particulars.) [M.]

BALL. Omit Spohr's ' God, Thou art great,'
and the 'Lobgesang' from the list of Ball's
translations. (Con-ected in late editions.)

BALLAD. Under this head mention should
be made of an experiment made by Schumann
and others, in the form of ' ballads for declama-
tion,' in which the elements of Melodkama
(which see) are applied to smaller works.
Schumann's contributions are ; — ' Schon Hed-
wig' (Hebbel), op. 106; ' Vom Haideknabe '
(Hebbel), and 'The Fugitives' (Shelley "), op.
122. Hiller's 'Vom Pagen und der Konigs-
tochter' (Geibel) is a slighter specimen. The
PF. accompaniments with which some modern
reciters are wont to embellish performances,
would come under the same category, were they
worthy of ranking ;is musical compositions. [M.]

BALLAD OPERA. [See Ex\glish Opera,
1.4886.] To the list of Ballad Operas there
given the following may be added: — 1731. Patie
and Peggy; The Amours of Billingsgate; The
Grub Street Opera; The Welsh Opera. 1738.
The Disappointed Gallant, or, Buckram in Ar-
mour. 1740. The Preceptor, or. The Loves of
Ahelard and Heloise. [W.H.H.]

BALLETS. Line 8 of article, /or 1597, read
1591.

BALLO IN MASCHEEA. Line 3, for in,
read Feb. 17.

» St. Mark's Church. He resigned the post on May 19, 180O,



BARKER.

BALTZAR. P. 133 a, last line but one,/or
At read Soon after ; and compare ii. 58 a.

BAND. See also Wind-Band in Appendix

BANDEEALI. For date of birth, read Jan.
12, 1789, and add day of death, June 13.

BANDINI, Uberto, was born at Eieti inUm-
bria on Mar. 28, i860. His father, Guglielmo,
was a provincial inspector of engineering. In 1 865
Uberto was sent to the Liceo of Perugia, where he
first studied the rudiments of music under Prof.
Giustiniani, and later on received instruction in
harmony from Prof. Bolzoni at the Institute Com-
munale Morlacchi in the same town. In 1876, on
leaving the Liceo, instead of stadying law, he went
to Naples, where he attended the Conservatorio S,
Pietro a Majella for a year, his master being Lauro
Eossi. Being obliged to leave Naples on account
of private misfortunes:, he went to Eome, where he
studied at the Liceo S. Cecilia under Tergiani and
Sgambati. His first important composition was
an overture, 'Eleonora' (Crystal Palace, Mar. 12,
18S1), which won the prize among 87 competi-
tors in a musical competition at Turin. He next
produced a successful symphony at the Eoman
Eoyal Philharmonic Society's concerts, which
was followed by ' II Baccanale ' for orchestra,
produced at Perugia in Oct. 1S80. [W.B.S.]

BANISTER. P. 1346, 1. 7 & 16 from bottom,
for 1676 read 1667. John jun. died 1735.

BANKS. See London Violin-Makers.

BANTL P. 135 &, 1. 17 from bottom, /or 1799
read 1794.

BAPTIE, David, born at Edinburgh Nov. 30,
1822. Author of a useful ' Handbook of Musical
Biography,' 1S83 (2nd ed. 1887). He has pub-
lished many glees, and has many more in MS.
He has also in MS. a ' descriptive catalogue,' or
index, of vocal part music. [G.]

BAEBAJA, DoMENico. P. 138 a, 1. 15,/or
1825 read 1S23.

BAEBEE OF SEVILLE. P. 138 b, 1. 4-5,/or
Dec. 26 read Feb. 5.

BAEBIEEI. Insert Christian names, Fran-
cesco Arsenio, and date of birth, Aug. 3, 1823.

BAEGIEL. Add that he is at the head of
one of the three ' Meisterschulen f iir musikalische
Composition' connected with the Academy of
Arts. To the list of his important works should
be added : — Overture to Prometheus, op. 16 ;
Symphony in C, op. 30 ; 1 3th Psalm, for cliorus
and orchestra, op. 25 ; and for pianoforte the
Suites, op. 7 and 13, and a Sonata, op. 34. [M.]

BAEKER, Charles Spackman. [See vol. i.
p.. 139, and vol. ii. pp. 599 and 607.] The fol-
lowing additional details were communicated by
him to the writer. He learnt his art under
Mr. Bishop, of London. His invention of the
pneumatic lever was not adopted in the organs
at York and Birmingham, for financial consider-
ations. He went to France in 1837. Besides
the organ of St, Denis, his pneumatic lever was ;
applied to those of St. Koch and the Madeleine
in Paris. He took out a brevet d'invention for



BAKKEE.

t in 1839. About 1840 he became director of
Daublaine & Callinet's factory, and at the Paris
Exhibition of 1855 ^^ received a first-class medal
md the Cross of the Legion of Honour. His
latent for electric organs was purchased by
Bryceson of London. He retpained with Merk-
in until i860, when he set up a factory of his
)wn under the firm of Barker & Verschneider,
md built the organs of St. Augustin and of
Montrouge in Paris, both electric. The war of
[870 caused him to leave Paris and return to
;his country, where he built the organs for the
Catholic cathedrals of Cork and Dublin. He
lied at Maidstone Nov. 26, 1S79. [Y- ^® -P-]
BARNAED, Chaelotte Alington, known
~>y her pseudonym of ' Claribel,' was born Dec.
23, 1830, and married Mr. C. C. Barnard in
C854. She received some instruction in the
dements of composition from W. H. Holmes,
md between 1858 and 1869 published some
lundred ballads, most of which attained an
extraordinary popularity of a transient kind. A
rolume of ' Thoughts, Verses, and Songs ' was
jublished, and another volume of poems was
printed for private circulation. She died at
Dover Jan. 30, 1869. (Diet, of National
Biography.) [W.B.S.]

BARNAED, Eev. John. Line 6 from end of
u"ticle, add. It is now in the British Museum.
^Corrected in later editions.)

BAENBY, Joseph. See vol. i. p. 145 a, and
idd to the article found there, that the time of
Mr. Barnby's tenure of St. Andrew's, Wells
Street, was from 1863 to 1871, when he became
organist of St. Anne's, Soho. Here he instituted
-he annual performances of Bach's ' Passion
iccording to St. John,' which he had previously
ntroduced to English audiences at the Hanover
square Eooms. At the formation of the London
Musical Society [see that article in Appendix]
le was appointed conductor, and in this capacity
ntroduced Dvorak's ' Stabat Mater' and other im-
jortant novelties. On Nov. 10, 18S4 the Albert
3all Choral Society gave under his direction a re-
narkable performance of the music of Wagner's
Parsifal,' in which the principal solo parts were
lung by some of their greatest German repre-
sentatives. In 1886 he succeeded Mr. Shake-
ipeare as conductor at the Royal Academy of
Music. Mention must be made of his psalm,
The Lord is King,' produced with success at the
Leeds Festival of 1883. [M.]

BAENETT, John. Line i, for July i read
Jxjly 15. Line iS, for two masses read one mass.

BAENETT, John Francis. Correct date of
Dirth to Oct. 16, 1837. Add the following
iccount of his works since 1874 : — Besides many
jompositions for the pianoforte, among which
nay be mentioned three impromptus dedicated
;o Ferdinand Hiller, and a sonata in E minor,
iedicated to Ernst Pauer, Mr. Barnett has pro-
iuced three important works at various festivals.
The first of these, ' The Good Shepherd,' was
written for the Brighton Festival of 1876, and



BAETH.



531



the second, 'The Building of the Ship,' for the
Leeds Festival of 1880, where it met with great
and well-deserved success. In the following
year he wrote an orchestral suite, entitled ' The
Harvest Festival,' for the Norwich Festival.
In addition to the above we may refer to Mr.
Barnett's Concerto Pastorale for flute and or-
chestra, a Sonata in E minor for flute and piano-
forte, and a Scena for contralto, ' The Golden
Gate,' set to words by the late ' Hugh Con-
way.' [M^O

BAEONI-CAVALCABO. See vol. ii. 729 b.

BAEEET. Add that he died Mar. 8, 1879.
(Corrected in late editions.)

BAEEETT, Thomas. See London Violin
Makers, vol ii. 164 b.

BAEEETT. William Alexander, English
writer on music ; bom at Hackney Oct. 15, 1836 ;
was a chorister at St. Paul's, where he is now
Vicar-choral, and is a Mus. Bac. of Oxford (1870).
Mr. Barrett has published ' English Glee and
Madrigal Writers' (1877), 'English Church Com-
posers' (1882), 'Balfe,hisLifeand Work' (1882),
and other works ; he was joint editor with Dr.
Stainer of the ' Dictionary of Musical Terms '
(1875). He has been for many years musical
reporter of the ' Morning Post ' ; for some time
edited the ' Monthly Musical Eecord,' and is
now editor of the ' Musical Times.' [G.]

BAEEY, Charles Ainslie, bom in London
June 10, 1830. A writer who is understood to
edit the Programme-books of the Eichter Con-
certs, and whose initials are appended to many
thoughtful analyses of Beethoven, Schumann,
Wagner, etc. Mr. Barry was educated at
Rugby School and Trinity College, Cambridge;
he was a pupil of T. A. Walmisley, and after-
wards studied music at Leipzig and Dresden.
He contributed for long to the * Guardian, *
edited the 'Monthly Musical Record,' 1875-79,
and has been otherwise active with his pen. He
has published several songs and PF. pieces. A
MS. Festival March of his was often played at
the Crystal Palace in 1862, 3, and he has a
symphony and other orchestral pieces in MS.
He was secretary to the Liszt Scholarship Fund
1886, and is an earnest Zukunftsviusiker. [G.]

BARTH, Karl Heinrich, born at Pillau.
near Konigsberg in Prussia, July 12, 1847,
received his first instruction from his father,
beginning the piano at four years old. From
1856 to 1862 he was studying with L. Steinmann,
and for two years after the expiration of this
term, with H. von Biilow. From 1864 onwards
he was under Bronsart, and for a short time was
a pupil of Tausig'rf. In 1868 he was appointed a
teacher in the Stern Couservatorium, and in
1871 became a professor at the Hochschule at
Berlin. Herr Earth is justly held in high
estimation for his earnest and intelligent inter-
pretation of classical works, and he is also an
admirable player of concerted music. He has
repeatedly undertaken successful concert tours
in Germany and England, and has once appeared



532



BAETH.



at a concert of Pasdeloup's in Paris. He holds
the position of pianist to the Crown Prince and
Princess of Germany, [M.]

BARTHELEMON. P. 145 i, 1. 14,/or Vaux-
hall read Marylebone, and add a reference to
Marylebone Gardens ; also to Jephthah 2.

BARTHOLOMEW. Line 7 of article omit
tlie ' Lobgesang ' from list of works adapted.
(Corrected in late editions.)

BASEVI. Add dates of birth and death,
Dec. 29, 1S18, and Dec. 1885, respectively.

BASSEVI. See Cervetto.

BASS HORN. This instrument, now obso-
lete, belonged to the bugle family, and was
shaped somewhat like a bassoon. It was made
of copper or brass, was blown by a cupped
mouthpiece and had 4 finger-holes and 2 keys.
In Germany some were made of wood. The
scale was similar to that of the serpent, extend-
ing down to B b below the bass stave. [V. de P.]

BASSOON. P. 153 h, 1. 13 from bottom, /or
imison read union.

BATES, JOAH. Line 1, for in 1740, read
Mar. 19, 1740-1. P. 155 a, 1. 10, for 17S0 read
the same year. (His marriage took place as stated,
in 1780.)

BATESON, Thomas. P. i?5 a, 1. 3. He
must have quitted Chester before 161 1, as on
Mar. 24. 160S-9, he ' was chosen Vicar-Chorall '
of the Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided
Trinity, commonly called Christ Church, Dublin,
' in y® room of M"^. Steven Robinson, late Vicar
of the said Church. Who was also admitted and
instaled the same daye.' And on April 5 fol-
lowing he ' had leave from the Dean and Chapter
for one week more to pass into England about
his own business.' In the latter entry he is de-
scribed as ' Vicar and Organist of this Church.'
He is supposed to have been the first person
who took a degree in music in the University of
Dublin. (Chapter acts, Christ Church Cathedral,
Dublin, vol. ii. p. 73), [W.H.H.]

BATHE. See i. 289 S, and correct as fol-
lows : — He was 1>orn on Easter Sunday, 1564,
being son of John Bathe, a judge, and his
wife Eleanor Preston. He entered the novitiate
of Tournai in 1595 or 1596. He studied at
Louvain and Padua ; was appointed rector of
the Irish college at Salamanca, and died at
Madrid, June 17, 1614. In 1. 9 of the article
omit the words, ' he came to London.' (Diet, of
Nat. Biog.) [W.B.S.]

BATISTE, AntoineEdouaed, organist and
professor of music, born in Paris Mar. 28, 1820,
died suddenly there Nov. 9, 1876, was a son of
the eminent comedian Batiste, whose memory is
still fresh in the annals of the Com^die Fran9aise,
and uncle of Leo Delilaes, He was one of the
pages in the chapel of Charles X., but after 1830
lie was sent to the Conservatoire, where he went
through a course of solfeggio, harmony, organ,
counterpoint and fugue. As a student he was
most successful, carrying off the first prizes in



BAZIN.

these studies, and in 1840, as a pupil of Halevy's,
obtaining the second Prix de Rome. In 1S36,
before he bad finished his course at the Conser-
vatoire, he had been appointed deputy professor
of the solfeggio class ; after which he was suc-
cessively appointed professor of the male choral
class, of the joint singing class (suppressed in
1870), and of the solfeggio class for mixed voices.
He also instituted an evening choral class at the
Conservatoire. In Oct. 1872 he took a class for
harmony and accompaniment for women. These
professorial duties did not prevent him from pur-
suing his organ studies, and after having held
from 1842 to 1854 the post of organist at St.
Nicolas des Champs, he was given a similar post
at St. Eustache, which he filled until his death,
with so much ability that in consideration of his
long tenure of office the cure was allowed to
celebrate his funeral obsequies at St. Eustache,
though Batiste did not reside in the parish. A
musician of severe and unerring taste, Batiste
was one of the most noted organists of our time,
but his compositions for the organ were far from k
equalling his talents as professor and executant.!
He will be chiefly remembered by his educational
works, and particularly by his Petit Solffege
Harmonique, an introduction to the Solfeggio
and method of the Conservatoire, by his diagrams
for reading music, and above all, by his accom-
paniments for organ or piano written on the figured
basses of celebrated solfeggi by Cherubini, Catel,
Gossec, and other masters of that date, entitled
Solffeges du Conservatoire ; in short, he was
hard worker, wholly devoted to his pupils and tr
his art. [-^-J-"

BATTEN, Adrian. P. 156 a, 1. 14. He prob
ably died in 1637, as on July 22 in that yeai
letters of administration of the estate of Adriar
Batten, late of St. Sepulchre's, London, deceased
were granted by the Prerogative Court of Can
terbury to John Gilbert, of the city of Salisbury
Clothier, with consent of Edward, John, and Wil
liam Batten, brothers of the deceased. [W.H.H.

BATTERY, one of the agremens used ii
harpsichord music. The sign for its perform
ance is identical with the cui'ved form of thi
modern indication of the arpeggio (see i. 87 i
ex. 4, second chord), which implied that the
chord to which it was prefixed was to be playec
twice in rapid succession. [M.

BATTISHILL, P. 1 56 a, 1. 3 from bottom,/o',
1775 read I'JTJ .

BATTLE OF PRAGUE. Line 8 of articl.
errs in giving 1793 as the date of the Londoi
publication, as the piece appears in Thompson'



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