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A dictionary of music and musicians (A.D. 1450-1889) by eminent writers, English and foreign : with illustrations and woodcuts (Volume 4) online

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. 2 Son?s for Alto with violin

:. 4 Vocal Quartets Tilth PF.



Op. Op.

sa Songs and Romances for 4- 98. Symphony in E minor. No. 4.

part Chorus.
93«. Do. acapella.
93lJ. Tufellied (Eichendorff).

94. Five Songs for low voice.

95. Seven Songs.
9i5. Four Songs.
97. Six Songs.

99. Sonata for Violoncello and
PF. in F.

100. Sonata forViolin and A.

101. Trio in C minor for PF. and

102. Concerto for Violin and Vio-
loncello in C.i [R,N.l

BRAMBILLA, Marietta. Add date of
death, Nov. 6, 1S75.

BRANDES, Emma, bom Jan. 20, 1854, near
Schwerin, was taught music by Alois Sclimidt,
court-kapellmeister at Schwerin, and by Golter-
niann, and in 1866 made her first public appear-
ance there, in Mendelssohn's G minor Concerto.
In 1871-72 she visited England, and showed her-
self a pianist of considerable performance and of
still greater promise, viz. March 20, '71, at the
Monday Popular, when she first appeared in
pieces by Scarlatti, Schumann (' Arabeske '), and
Weber ('Moto perpetuo'), and with Joachim in
Beethoven's Sonata in C minor, op. 30, no. 2 ;
at the Saturday Popular with Mine. Schumann
in Bach's G minor Concerto for two pianos ; at the
Philharmonic April 24 (Mendelssohn's G minor
Concerto); at the Crystal Palace, April 13, '72
(Schumann's Concertol ; at the New Philhar-
monic May 8 and June 5 (Chojiin's E minor
Concerto), etc. She played with great success in
Germany and Austria until her marriage with
Herr Engelmann, Professor of Physiology at
Utrecht, when she retired from public life. [A.C.]

BRANDT, Marianne, whose real name is
Marie Bischof, was born Sept. 12, 1842, at
Vienna. She was taught singing there by Frau
Marschner at the Conservatorium, and later
(1869-70) by Mme. Viardot-Garcia. In 1867
she was engaged at Gratz, where she made her
debut on Jan. 4 as Rachel ('La Juive '). She next
sang at Hamburg, and on April 21, 1868, first
appeared at Berlin as Azucena. On the 28th she
played Fidfes, with such success that she obtained
an immediate engagement, which extended over
several years, with the exception of a year's
interval in 1873. In 1872, on leave of absence,
she was engaged for the season at the Royal Italian
Opera ; she san^ once as Fidelio, May 2, in which
she made her debut, and several times as Donna
Elvira, with very indifferent success.^ In 1 882 she
sang in German opera at Drury Lane as Brangane
on the production in England of 'Tristan und
Isolde,' and as Fidelio, when her artistic efforts
were heartily appreciated. On July 28 of the
same year she played Kundry on the second per-
formance of Parsifal at Bayreuth, on which occa-
sion, according to the Paris Figaro, she generously
gave her services. For the past two or three
years she has been a member of the German
Opera Company at New York. In addition to
places mentioned, Friiulein Brandt has sung in
tlie principal cities of Germany and Austria. At
Berlin she proved herself a most useful artist :

1 A thematic catalogue of the composer's works has recently been
published by Simrock.

2 The reason of her engagement was to play Ortrud on the intended
production of Lohengrin, which opera, according to pro.spectus. was
to be positively produced. F..r reawns unknown the production did
not take place until 11575, when Miss Anna d'Angiri (Angermayer)
took the part.



her voice being very extensive in compass, si
was enabled to play both soprano and mezz
soprano parts, as Fidelio, Eglantine ('Euryant he
Orpheus, Spirit of Hate (' Armida '), Ortru
Margarethe ('Genoveva'), Elvira, Selica, Ar
neris ('Aida'), etc., in addition to tbose abo-
named. [A.C

BRANLE. Last line of article, for 2i
read 289. (Corrected in late editions.)

BRASS BANDS. See Wind-Band in A

BRASSIN, Louis, a Belgian pianist and con
poser, born June 24, 1836, at Aix-la-ChapeE
His father was a baritone singer of some r(
nown, whose real name was de Brassine, an
an uncle of his was Drouet, the famous fiautis
To the fact that in 1847 his father was engage
at the opera in Leipzig, young Brassin owe
the most important part of his education, fc
he entered the Conservatorium of that towi
and became a pupil of Moscheles, having som
years previously appeared in public at Hamburg
He remained in the Conservatorium for fiv
years, carrying off numerous prizes. At th
close of this time he undertook several concei
tours with his two brothers, and in 1866 wa
appointed first pianoforte teacher in the Ster
Conservatorium at Berlin. After a year's tenur
of thispost, he resumed a more or less wanderinj
life, and ultimately settled in Brussels as pre
fessor in the Conservatoire. In 1S78 he ac
cepted a similar post at St. Petersburg, wher >
he died in May 1884. His works include i
beside many excellent pianoforte pieces, twi; r
German operettas, ' Der Thronfolger,' and 'De.L
Missionar.' Of his two younger brothers, one> r
Leopold (born May 28, 1843), who made his firs ;
appearance as a pianist at the age of five uude 1
Louis Brassin's auspices, is pianist to the Duk< 1
of Saxe Coburg, and Professor at Berne; thi
other, Gerhard (born June 10, i844),isa violinis .
of repute. [M.

BRATSCHE (Viola da Braccio). The Ge?v
man name for Viola or Tenor Violin.

BREITKOPF & HARTEL. Twelve linei
from end of article, add date of death of Herman!
Hartel, Aug. 4, 1875, and that Raymund HaP
tel retired from business in 18S0, leaving the tw
grandsons of Gottfried at the head of affairs
Since the appearance of the article, the edition;
of Mendelssohn and Mozart, as well as an editior
of Chopin, have been completed ; editions, or
the same scale, of Palestrina and Schumann, art
in an advanced state, and a similar issue of the
works of Schiitz, Gretry, and Schubert has been
undertaken. The ' Jahrbiicher fiir Musikaliscltf
Wissenschaft ' (see vol. ii. 30) were discontinued
in 1S67, after the appearance of the seconf
volume ; their place has been taken by a ' Viertel
jahrschrift fiir Musik wissenschaft,' edited bj
Dr. Chrj^sander, Professor Spitta, and Hen
Guido Adler, which has been published quarterlj
since 18S5. A supplementary volume to the
complete edition of Beethoven's works is an-
nounced (1887). [MJj,


BRENT, Chablotte, soprano singer, was the
aughter of a fencing master and alto singer,
■ho was the original Hamor in Handel's
•Jephtha' in 1752, and who, on the production
t Ranelagh in 1759 o*^ Bonnell Thornton's
urlesque ' Ode on St. Cecilia's day,' with Bur-
ey's music, admirably accompanied Beard in
le Salt-box song ' on that instrument.' Miss
rent was a pupil of Ame's, and first appeared
5 a singer in Feb. 1758 at a concert given by
ecilia Davies, and next on March 3, 1758, at
•rury Lane in Ame's opera ' Eliza,' performed
:atorio-wise for his benefit. She sang in opera
i Drury Lane during 1758 and 1.759. She was
)en engaged by Beard for Covent Garden,
here she appeared Oct. 10, 1759, as Polly in
The Beggar's Opera,' and where she continued
ntil the close of her theatrical career. In
762 she reached the summit of her reputation
y singing the part of Mandane in Arne's
Artaxerxes' (produced Feb. 2), which had
sen written expressly for her. In 1765 she
ing at Hereford Festival, in 1766 at that of
loucester, and in 1767 at Worcester. InNovem-
er 1766 she became the second wife of Thomas
'into, the violinist. [See PiXTO.] She continued
) sing at Covent Garden until about 1770, when
16 took to touring with her husband. On
.pril 22, 1784, she appeared for one night in
Comus' at Covent Garden for the benefit of
[ull, the stage-manager. Charles Dibdin de-
jribed her as 'possessing an exquisite voice,'
nd being ' a most valuable singer. Her power
-as resistless, her neatness was truly interesting,
ad her variety was incessant ; ' and a later
riter said, 'her bravura singing had consider-
ble merit, her execution being neat, distinct,
apid, and at that time unrivalled.' She sur-
ived her powers, and lived, forgotten by the
ubiic, till April 10, 1802, when she died, in very
iraitened circumstances, at No. 6 Vauxhall Walk,
he was buried April 15, in the churchyard of
t. Margaret, Westminster. [W.H.H.]

BRESLAUR, Emil. See vol. ii. 735 a.

BREUNING, a family mainly interesting for
s connexion with Beethoven. Christoph von
reuning in 1761 was Chancellor of the Com-
landery of the Teutonic order at Mergentheim.
.\& five sons, George Joseph, Lorenz, Johann
hilipp, Emanuel Joseph, and Christoph, all
iceived important offices either in the Order or
i the Electorate ; and Emanuel Joseph, bom
: 1 741, became at twenty a ' Conseilleractuel '
•. the Court in Bonn, and, Jan. 3, 1750, married
lelfene, daughter of Hofrath Stephan von Kerich.
he good influence of this excellent woman upon
le young Beethoven renders a word upon her
laracter pertinent. She was brought into close
;lations with the literary and scientific circles of
16 little capital, and was a woman of singular
3od sense, culture and refinement ; mUd, kindly,
Tectionate in her domestic relations; as wife
id mother irreproachable.

On Jan. 15, 1777, a fire in the Electoral
alace caused the death of thirteen persons,

* Copyright 18S9 by A. W. Thatee.



including Emmanuel Joseph Breuning, in the
36tli year of his age. His widow, who had
just entered her 28th year, was left with three
children: — Christoph, bom May 13, 1771 ;
Eleonore Brigitta, born April 23, 1772 ; Stephan,
bom Aug. 17, 1774; to whom a fourth was
added a few months later: — Lorenz (Lenz),
born in the summer of 1777.

She remained in the house where her husband
died, which is still standing, across the square
from the Minster Church. Immediately after the
death of Emmanuel, his brother, Canon Lorenz
came from Neuss to reside with her, as guardian
and instructor of the children. Notwithstand-
ing the presence of two ecclesiastics in the house
as members of the family, Wegeler, writing of
a time some ten years later than Breuning's
decease, testifies to the broad and liberal spirit,
the free and unconstrained tone that reigned ;
and this is confirmed by the fact that neither of
the sons was educated for the priesthood. Besides
classical studies, exceptional attention appears to
have been paid to the rising German literature
and the works of the leading English authors.

Into this family, in his iSth year, Beethoven
came first as music-teacher of Eleonore and Lenz,
and soon almost as a member of it. [See vol.
i. 164.] The good influence upon his intel-
lectual development and moral character of this
intercourse with the Breunings cannot be over-
rated, and a short notice of the members of that
household more closely connected with him will
not be out of place.

Eleonore Brigitta married Franz Gerhard
Wegeler, Beethoven's biographer, at Beuel,
March 28, 1802, and died at Coblenz, June 13,
1841, in her 70th year. [See Beethoven, vol. i.
p. 1666.]

Stephan (Lorenz Joseph Judas Thaddeus)
the well-known friend of Beethoven in later
years, also studied jurisprudence at Bonn and
Gottingen. Shortly before the fall of the Elec-
torate, Max Franz, Elector of Cologne and
Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, gave him
a position in the Order at Mergentheim. A
grand chapter held in Vienna in the summer of
1 801 brought Stephan v. B. thither in the
spring of that year, where he renewed his
intimacy with Beethoven, begun in their boy-
hood, when both were pupils of Franz Ries on
the violin. As the Teutonic Order no longer
afi"orded the opportunity of a career, Stephan
obtained a place in the Austrian War Office,
and in 181S advanced to the dignity of Hofrath.
This rapid rise (in the Austrian service) of a
young man who lacked the advantages of noble
birth and aristocratic protection, and was not
even an Austrian by descent, confirms the tra-
ditions of his remarkable executive ability, his
great industry and extreme fidelity to duty. In
Oct. 1825, Frederick, Prince of Holienzollern-
Heckingen, became President of the Imperial
Council of War. From this moment Breuning
was exposed to vexations and mortifications,
which rapidly undermined his health, and he
died, ten weeks after the decease of his friend



Beethoven, on June 4, 1827. His relations
with Beethoven, who often tried him sorelj',
have been given in a former article. [See vol. i.
172 S, 1S36, 1840, 1896, 1926, 199 &.] He
was twice married, first to the daughter of
Ritter von Vering, head of the Austrian military
medical administration. She was a pupil of
Schenk the composer, a fine pianist, and author
of divers little compositions. Beethoven — who
had often played duets with her — dedicated
the interesting pianoforte arrangement of the
Violin Concerto to her. She was born Nov. 26,
1791, and died, says the epitaph composed by
her husband 'on the 21 March, 1809, in the
eleventh month of happy wedded life, at the
moment of the entrance of spring.' The second
wife was Marie Constanze Ruschowita, born
Dec. I, 1784, died Oct. 5, 1856, leaving one son
and two daughters.

LoREKZ (Lenz) studied medicine at Bonn
and Vienna — whither he came in 1/94 and
renewed his musical studies with Beethoven.
At parting the then young composer wrote in
his album to this effect : —

Truth exists for the wise,
Beauty for the feeling heart!
They belong to each other.

Deab good Beeuxixg !

Never shall I forget the time which in Bonn as well
as here I have speiit with thee. Ketain thy friendship
for me, so as thou wilt tind me ever the same. Vienna
17J7 on the 1st October.

Thy true friend

Ii. V. Beethoven.

Their separation was final; on the loth of the
next April young Breuning died.

MoKiTZ Gerhard, son of Stephan and Con-
stanze (Ruschowitz), was born at Vienna Aug.
28, 1813. He is 'k.k. Medicinalrath,' and lor
many years has been one of the most eminent
ph3'sicians of the Austrian capital. He passed
his childhood in the ' Rotheliaus ' very near that
in which Beethoven died [see vol. iii. 425], and
during the composer's last sickness was much with
him. Besides numerous pamphlets and articles
on subjects relating to his profession, he is known
in mu.sical literature by his extremely interesting
and valuable little book, ' Das Schwarzspanier
Haus,' a collection of reminiscences of Beethoven
and the Breunings. [See vol. i. p. 208 a.] He
has for many years been an active and influential
member of the governing body of the great ' GeseU-
schaft der Musikfreunde.' [See vol. i. 591.]

Letters from Beethoven to various Breunings
— the widow, Christoph, Eleonore, Stephan,
Lenz, and Gerhard — are given in Nohl's ' Briefe
Beethovens ' and in ' Neue Briefe Beethovens.'

Beethoven dedicated the following works to
members of this family: —

To Fraulein Eleonore the variations on ' Se
vuol ballare' for PF. and violin (July 1793),
and the Easy Sonata for PF. solo in C major
(1796). Nottebohm's Catalogue, p. 148.

To Stephan the Violin Concerto, op. 61
(March 1809^ > ^"^ to Frau V. B. the adaptation
of the same for piano. (See Thayer's Beethoven
(i. 162, etc.) [A.W.T.]


BREVE. P. 274 J, I. 7 from bottom, /(
' All we like sheep ' read ' And with His stripes j^

BREWER, Thomas. Add date of birt
1611 ; that he was at Christ's Hospital till 162^ gi-
and that Elizabeth Rogers' Virginal Book (i t
the British Museum) contains two pieces by hii;

BRIDGE, John Frederick, Mus. D., is tlf^/
son of the late John Bridge, a lay clerk
Rochester Cathedral. He was born at Oldbui
in Worcestershire on Dec. 5, 1S44, and was
chorister at Rochester from 1850 to 1S59, and a
articled pupil of J. Hopkins until 1864. H
subsequently studied under Sir John Goss, an •'
from 1865 to 1869 was organist of Trinit '^
Church, Windsor. In 1868 he took the degre *'
of Mus. B. at Oxford, and in the following
year succeeded Joseph John Harris as organl
of Manchester Cathedral. In 1872 he wa
appointed Professor of Harmony at Owen
College, and in 1874 he took his Doctor's degree ti.
for which he composed as an exercise the oratori
'Mount Moriah.' In 1875 he was appointeid
permanent deputy organist of Westminste i
Abbey, which post he held untU. the death of Mi r
Turle in 1S82, when he was appointed his sue
cesser. For the Worcester Festival in 1884 Di
Bridge wrote a choral setting of the Hj'mn ol |j
S. Francis, and for the Birmingham Festival
1885 he composed a fine setting of Mr. Gl
stone's Latin Translation of Toplady's hy:
'Rock of Ages.' For the celebration of tl
Queen's Jubilee in Westminster Abbey (21 Jui
1887) he arranged all the music and compoi
a special anthem, for which he received tl
thanks of Her Majesty, and the Silver JubU.(
Medal. Dr. Bridge is Professor of Harmoi
and Counterpoint at the Royal College of Musi
Conductor of the Western Madrigal Societi
and a Musical Examiner for the University
Oxford. In addition to the works alreadj
mentioned, his compositions include anthe;
services, chants, part-songs, an overture
ISIorte d'Artliur,' and a cantata ' Boadicei
which was successfully produced by the Hackn(
Choral Society in 1880, besides excellent primi
on Counterpoint, Double Counterpoint andCanori^T
and Organ Accompaniment of the Choral Ser- 1
vice. [W.B.S.] '

BRIDGE, Joseph Cox, brother of the above,
was born at Rochester on Aug. 16, 1853, ;
and was a chorister, and subsequently assistant ,
organist, of the cathedral from 1861 to 1867.
He studied under his brother (to whom he acted
as assistant at Manchester) and John Hopkins,
and from 1871 to 1876 was organist of Exeter j.
College, Oxford, where he took the degrees of! (
B.A. in 1875, Mus. B. in 1876, M.A. in 1878,**^
and Mus. D. in 1879. ^^ ^S?? ^^^- Bridge
was appointed organist of Chester Cathedral,
where in 1S79 ^^ *''"'^ ^ conspicuous part ia
resuscitating the Chester Triennial Musical
Festival, which had been dormant for fifty years.
For the opening performance he wrote an evening
service with orchestral accompaniment, and at
the Festival of 1885 produced an oratorio.


)aniel,' which had been performed at Oxford
• his Doctor's degree exei-cise. Dr. Joseph
( idge is well known in the North of England
I the conductor of several musical societies at
1 .ester and Bradford. During the last eight
fars he Las adopted the excellent plan of giving
€ organ recitals in Chester Cathedral every
nday evening. Dr. Bridge was elected a Fel-
V of the College of Organists in 1879. [W.B.S.]
BRIDGE, RiCHAED, enjoyed some celebrity
an organ -builder, but little is known of his
tgraphy. He is supposed to have been trained
the factory of the younger Harris and to have
in living in Hand Court, Holbom, in 1748.
J died before 1776. His best instrument was
it for Christ Church, Spitalfields, London,
30. [See also vol. ii. p. 597, and Btfield,
EDAN & Bbidge, in Appendix.] [V. de P.]
BRIDGETO WER, G. A. P. Line 4 of article,

Bisla read Biala. Line S,for in read on

lyth of. Line 22, for He read His father.
Qe 5 from bottom, for is heard of no more
id returned to England, and in June 1811
)k the degree of Mus. Eac. at Cambridge, his
Tcise, an anthem, being perfonned at Great

Mary's, on June 30. (Diet, of Nat. Biog.)
BRIXD, RiCHAKD, P. 2766,1. 5, for 1718
id March 1717-18, [VV.H.H.]

BRI]Srs:MEAD. Mr. John Brinsmead, the
mder and head of the firm of pianoforte-makers,
hn Brinsmead & Sons, of London, was born
t. 13, 1 8 14, at Wear Giffard, ia North Devon.
3 began business at 35 Windmill Street, Totten-
m Court Road, in 1836, removing to the neigh-
uring Charlotte Street, and to workshops in
enies Street in 1841. The next removal was

the present warehouse of the firm, 18 & 20
igmore Street, in 1863, when his sons, Thomas
d Edgar, were taken into partnership. A
•ge factory, necessary for the requirements of
mufacture, was built in the Grafton Road,
ntish Town. In recognition of exhibits in
i Paris Exhibition of 1878, Mr. John Brins-
ad was decorated by the French Government
th the cross of the Legion of Honour, Mr.
)GAK Bbinsmead, the younger son, has claims

special reference on literary grounds ; his
story of the Pianoforte, with prefatory his-
•ical introduction, was published by Cassell,
tter & Galpin in 1868, and, partly rewritten,
th additions on the Theory of Sound, was repub-
hed by Novello, Ewer & Co. in 1879. [A,J,H.]
BRISTOL FESTIVAL. A festival, lasting
IT days, has been held triennially in the month

October, in the Colston Hall, Bristol, since
73. On each occasion Mr. Charles HaU(^ has
id the post of conductor, and ' The Messiah '
i ' Elijah ' have been given. Besides these the
lowing works have been performed : —
1873. Oct. 21-24. 'The Creation,' Macfar-
I's ' John the Baptist ' (written expressly for
3 occasion), and Rossini's ' Stabat Mater.'
1876. Oct. 17-20. Verdi's Requiem, 'Israel

Egypt.' Spohr's 'Fall of Babylon,' 'The
)unt of Olives,' and ' The H^Tnn of Praise.'
VOL, IV. PT, 5.



1879. Oct. 14-17. 'Samson,' 'Walpurgis
Night,' Brahms's ' Rinaldo,' Mozart's Requiem,
Rossini's ' Stabat Mater,' and the Choral Sym-

1SS2. Oct. 17-20, Beethoven's Mass in D,
Gounod's ' Redemption,' ' Spring' from Haydn's
' Seasons,' Rossini's ' Moses in Egypt,' and Mac-
kenzie's ' Jason ' (written expressly for the
festival, and conducted by the composer).

1885, Oct. 20-23. ' Belshazzai-,' Brahms's

* Triumphlied,' Lloyd's ' Hero and Leander,'
Berlioz' ' Faust.'

Concerts of miscellaneous music have been
given on each occasion. [^I-]

that the Society ceased to exist in 1875, its last
concert taking place on June i of that year. [M.]

BRITTON, Thomas, Line 11 of article,
before He established insert In 167S. Refer to
article Concerto ; and for further information to
the Dictionary of National Biography.

BROD, Henei, a very famous oboe player,
born at Paris June 13, 1799. He was taught
the oboe at the Conservatoire by Vogt and be-
came very distinguished : ' His tone,' says F^tis,
' was weaker than that of bis master, but it was
softer and sweeter; his phrasing was graceful
and elegant, and his execution clear and briUiant.'
He shared the desk of first oboe with Vogt both
at the opera and the concerts of the Conservatoire,
and was extremely successful both in Paris and
the provinces. He made considerable improve-
ments in the instrument itself and in the Cor
Anglais, though these have been superseded by
the new system of Boehm. Brod's 'Method' is
well known, but his pieces, of which Fetis gives
a list of twelve, are obsolete. His death, on
April 5, 1 839, gave occasion to one of Cherubini's
best mots: — ' Brod est mort, maitre.' 'Qui?'

• Brod.' ' Ah ! petit son ' (poor tone). [G.]

BRODERIP, a family of organists. William,
bom 16S3, became a vicar-choral of Wells
Cathedral on April I, 1 701, and on Jan. 2, 171 2,
succeeded John Geobge as cathedral organist.
He died Jan. 31, 1726, leaving a widow and
nine children. An anthem of his, ' God is our
hope and strength,' written in 1713 to com-
memorate the Peace of Utrecht, is in the Tudway
collection. John Beodeeip, probably a son of
his, became a vicar-choral (on probation) of the
same cathedral, Dec. 2, 1740, and on April i,
1741, was appointed organist. He died in 1770
or 1 771. Between 1766 and his death he pub-
lished a volume of ' Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual
Songs,' dedicated to Lord Francis Seymour, the
then Dean of Wells. In later life he became
organist of Shepton Mallet in Somersetshire,
Robeet Bbodeeip, who lived at Bristol, was
probably another son of William, He wrote
a considerable number of works, such as an ode
on the King's recovery, a concerto for harpsi-
chord and strings, voluntaries, duets, glees, etc.
Some psalms by him are included in a similar
volume to that above mentioned, published by
John Broderip, He died May 14,1808. [W.B.S.]



BKON'SA.RT, Hans von. Add th^t in Sept.
18S7 he was made Intendant at Weimar.

BROSSARD, Sebastien de. Add that he
had prefixed a short Dictionary' of Musical Terms
to his 'Prodromus Musicalis,' published as early
as 1 701.

BROWN, James Duff, born at Edinburgh
Nov. 6, 1S62, has been an assistant librarian in
the Mitchell Library, Glasgow, since 1878. His
claim to notice rests on his reliable ' Biographical
Dictionary of Musicians' (Paisley, 1886), a book
of considerable value as far as facts are con-
cerned, though the critical remarks are often
amusingly erroneous. [^I-]

BRUCH, Max. The following additions have
to be made : — In 1878 he became director of the

Online LibraryGeorge GroveA dictionary of music and musicians (A.D. 1450-1889) by eminent writers, English and foreign : with illustrations and woodcuts (Volume 4) → online text (page 133 of 194)