George Grove.

A dictionary of music and musicians (A.D. 1450-1889) by eminent writers, English and foreign : with illustrations and woodcuts (Volume 4) online

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23, 1881, the Nouveaux Concerts, called tb
Concerts Lamoureux, which were held for som
years in the theatre of the Chateau d'Eau, an
afterwards at the Eden Theatre (1885) and th
Cirque des Champs Elys^es (1887), where thai
success is constantly on the increase. Not onl
has Lamoureux developed as a conductor a pre
cision and firmness, a care for the perfection
the smallest details, without excluding passioi
and warmth of expression ; he has also given :
welcome to the works of French composers
the new school, such as Eeyer, Lalo, d'Indy, ani
Chabrier, and has succeeded in placing himself a
the head of the Wagnerian movement in France
He gave excellent renderings of selections fron
Wagner's operas to a public that had been tO(
long deprived of these fine compositions. Thi
first Act of ' Lohengrin,' Acts i and 2 of ' Tris-
tan,' and Act i of 'Die Walkiire' have beei
given in their entirety, and excerpts from tb<
other works have been heard. Encouraged bj
the warmth of the applause and the moral sup
port of his audience, Lamoureux decided to givt
a performance in a Paris theatre of ' Lohengrin,
a work unknown in France, less by reason
patriotic susceptibilities than of commercial in-
trigues. A fter a whole year of preparation a per
feet performance was given at the Eden Theatn
(May 3, 1887), which was not repeated. It it
true that it took place at a time of unfortunatf
political relations ; but if Lamoureux had to give
in, it was because he received no support from
the ministry with which he believed himself tc
be in perfect agreement. Those who protested
against Wagner used the word patriotism as a
pretext. The violent manifestations were, how-
ever, directed by unseen agents, and governed
by far meaner motives, among which the love 01
money was supreme. [A.J.]

LAMPERTI, F. Add day of birth.March il.
*■ LANG, Benjamin Johnson, a well-known ,j
pianist, organist, teacher, and conductor at Bos- \
ton, U.S., was born at Salem, Massachusetts, in J
1 840. His father was his first teacher, and ,|
Lang's advancement was so rapid that when but j
II years of age he was appointed organist at a|
church in his native city. Among his teachers J
were Alfred Jaell and Gustav Satter. Lang^l
became a resident of Boston while a young man, ,
and his home has ever since been in that city. '
He has been organist to the Handel and Haydn '



Copyrigbt 18S9 by F. H. Jesks.



LANG.

Jiety since 1859, ''^th the exception of a season
Hjn he was abroad, he has conducted the Apollo
I Cecilia Clubs since their formation, and he
R. organist at the South Congregational Church
' litarian) for many years until Jan. 1S88, when
ij.vas appointed organist at the King's Chapel.
[ pupils on the pianoforte and organ have been
liy, and several of them have become distin-
jihed as teachers and players. Langhas brought
^for the first time in Boston many cantatas, etc.,

I Mendelssohn's ' Walpurgisnacbt,' 'Loreley,'
' Hymn of Praise,' Haydn's ' Seasons,' Schu-
(in's ' Paradise and the Peri,' and Berlioz's
ust.' The concerts were his own ventures,
were also several series of orchestral and
rnber-music concerts given by him, at which
ortant novelties were presented. The same
lestness to make his hearers acquainted with
tmiliar works, in old as well as new schools,
also been exhibited on his appearances as a
list or organist in concerts. Lang was an
lential member of the concert committee of
Harvard Musical Association so long as
organization gave symphony concerts. His
positions are not many. The best known
songs for single voices and part-songs,
brmed at concerts of the Apollo Club. None
3 been published. Lang has on several occa-
s played in Germany, generally at concerts
tis own account. [F.H.J.]

ANG, Josephine. P. 90 a, 1. 9, add She died,
Vau Kostlin, at Tubingen, in Dec. 1S80.
ANGE. P. 90 a, correct statement as to
iart having written certain songs for Aloysia
)er by a reference to vol. iv. p. 429 b,
ANIERE, Nicholas. Recent investiga-
3 have brought to light several important
J concerning this musician and his family,
5h was of English, not Italian, origin. The
following entries from the registers of Holy
lity, Minories, establish the approximate
of his birth, and the fact that his father
maternal grandfather were court musicians :
S^o* Oct. 12. John Lannyer of East Green-
I, Musician to the Queen's Maj*'®, & Frances
iardello, dau"". of the late dec^. Mr. Mark
hony GaUiardello, also an ancient Musician
indrie Most Noble Princes as King Henry
3, Edward the 6, Queen Mary, and now to
Nioble Queen Eliz: — were married.' ' 1588.
;. 10. Nicholas son of John Lannj'er Musi-
to Her Majesty, bapt.' In the Visitation
fient, 1663, his name, spelt Lanier, with
ha of several of his descendants, appears as
c jreenwich,' and in the Greenwich registers,
I'T date Feb. 24, 1665-6, the entry is found :
- . Nicholas Laniere buried away ' (i. e. else-
(Information from A. S. Gatty, Esq.,
. : Herald.)

■ A.NZETTI,Salvatoee. See vol. iv. p. 2996.
A.EGO. Line 13 of article, after expression
B Mendelssohn uses the term for broad in the
Dnte of his Quartet in Eb, op. 12.

A.SSALLE, Jean, was taught singing at the
'£i Conservatoire. He made his debut at



LAUDA SIGN.



697



Brussels as De Nevers, Sept. 5, 1871, and during
the season also played Ashton (' Lucia'), Nelusko,
Telramund, Count of Moravia in Julius Beer's
' Elizabeth of Hungary,' etc. He made a suc-
cessful debut at the French Opera as Tell, June 7,
1872. With the exception of visits to London,
Vienna, etc., M. Lassalle has been engaged there
ever since, where he is now the principal baritone
singer. His parts include Don Juan, played by
him at the centenary performance Oct. 26, 1887,
Pietro (' Masaniello '), Lusignan (' Eeine de
Chypre'), Eigoletto, Hamlet, and in new operas
Vasile (Membree's 'Esclave'), July 17, 1874;
Scindia ('Eoide Lahore'), April 27, 1877; S^vfere
(' Polyeucte '), Oct. 7, 1878; Ben Said ('Tribut
de Zamora' ), April i, 18S1 ; Lanciotto Malatesta
(' Francoise de Kimini '), April 14, 1882 ; Henry
VIIL, March 5, 18S3; Gunther (' Sigurd'), June
12, 1885 ; De Eysoor ('Patrie'), Dec. 20, 1886.
On leave of absence he played at the Lyrique
as the Count de Lusace in Jonciferes' ' Dimitri,'
May 5, 1876. He made his debut in Italian at
Covent Garden as Nelusko, June 14, 1879, on the
occasion of Patti's first performance of Selika. He
played there for three seasons with the greatest
success. His other parts new to the Italian stage
were Scindia ('Eoi de Lahore'), June 28, 1879,
and the Demon in Eubinstein's opera, June 21,
1881. He visited England again in 1888, ap-
pearing at Covent Garden in several of his best
parts. [A.C.]

LASSEN, Eduaed. Add that he still leads
an active life at Weimar, as Hofcapellmeister at
the Opera, where his influence tends to the en-
couragement of modern musicians ; as composer ;
and also occasionally as a pianist at the Chamber
Music Concerts. His popular] ty is evident from
the warm demonstrations accorded to him by
the public when in 1883 he celebrated the 25th
year of his service at Weimar, and again, in
1885, on his return to the conductor's desk after
a serious illness. The degree of Ph.D. has been
conferred upon Lassen by the University of Jena,
and the King of the Belgians decorated him
(1881) with the Order of Leopold.

Lassen's ' Faust ' still keeps the stage, and he
has lately contributed the music to Devrient's
version of Calderon's ' Circe ' — ' Ueber alien
Zaubern Liebe,' op. 73; and to Goethe's 'Pan-
dora,' op. 86, produced at Weimar in 18S6. His
second symphony in C, op. 78, was preceded and
followed by a host of songs, including 'Aus der
Friihlingszeit,' op. 82, and several sets of 6 up to
op. 85. A Violin Concerto is the latest work
from Lassen's pen. [L.M.M.]

LASSUS. P. 98 a, 1. 21 from bottom, for 1871
read 1571. P 100 a, last line, after August add
1576. P. 1006, 1. 2, for 13 read 10. Line 2 of
third paragraph in same column, ybr 1598 read
1589.

LATEOBE. Correct date of birth of Rev.
J. A. Latrobe to 1799.

LAUDA SIGN. Line 6 of article, /w 1261
read 1264. P. 104 a, 1. 14, for Prose read Sb-

QDENTIA.



€98



LAURENT DE EILLfi.



LAURENT DE RILLE, rRAN9ois Ana-
TOLE, the composer of an enormous number of
part-songs and other small choral works, born at
Orleans in 1828. He was at first intended to be
a painter, but altered his purpose and studied
music under an Italian named Comoghio, and
subsequently under Elwart. His compositions,
of which a list of the most important is given in
the supplement to Fetis, have enjoyed a last-
ing popularity with ' orpheoniste ' societies, and
although they contain few if any characteristics
which would recommend them to the attention
of earnest musicians, they have that kind of
vigorous effectiveness which is exactly suited to
their purpose. A large number of operettas of
very slight construction have from time to time
been produced in Paris, and the composer has
made various more or less successful essays in
the department of church music. [j^I-]

LAWROWSKA, Mlle. See Zeeetelew,
Princess, vol. iv. p. 506 a.

LAZARUS, Henet. Add date of birth, 1S15.

LEACH, James. Line i of article,/br Roch-
dale, Yorkshire, read Wardle, near Rochdale,
Lancashire ; and for last sentence read Leach
died from the effects of a stage coach accident,
Eeb. S, 179S.

L^CLAIR, J. M. Line 4 of article, for
Lyons in 1697 read Paris, Nov. 23, 16S7.

LECOCQ. Line i of article, /or Chaeles rmd
Alexandre Chaeles. (Correctedinlate editions).
P. Ilia, 1. 4, add tliat ' Les Ondines au Cham-
pagne' was produced at the Folly Theatre,
London, in Sept. 1S77. Line 6, add that 'Fleur
de The ' was given by the Varietes company at
the Lyceum, on June 12, 1S71, and in English
at the Criterion. Oct. 9, 1S75. Line 10, add that
' Le Rajah de Mysore' was given in English at
the Park Theatre, Feb. 15, 1875. Line 11, add
that ' Le beau Dunois' was given at the
Lyceum by the French company, May 25, 1871.
Line 15, add that versions of 'Les cent Vierges'
were given at the Britannia Theatre, May 25,
1874, ^^'i ^t the Gaiety, Sept. 14 of the same
year. Line 16, add that ' La Fille de Mme.
Angot ' was produced in another English version,
at the Gaiety, Nov. 10, 1S73. The date of the
original production of this work is Dec. 4, 1872.
This, the 'Cent Vierges,' and ' Girofle-Girofla'
were all produced first in Brussels, where the
composer resided from 1870 to 1S73. Line 20,
add that 'La petite Marine' was given in French
at the Opera Comique, London, May 7, 1876,
and (line below) that ' La Marjolaine ' was pro-
duced at the Royalty in English, Oct. 11, 1S77.
A version of ' Le petit Due ' was given at the
Philharmonic Theatre on April 27, 187S. 'La
petite Mademoiselle ' was produced at the Alham-
bra, Oct. 6, 1879. The following works, written
since the publication of the article in vol. ii., are to
be added : — ' La jolie Persane, ' 1 8 79 ; ' Le Grand
Casimir," 1879 (i" English at the Gaiety^ Sept. 27
of that year) ; ' Le Jour et la Nuit,' 1881 (in
English at the Strand, as ' Manola,' Feb. 11,
1882) ; ' Le Coeur et la Main,' 1882 ; 'La Prin-



LEIDESDORF.

cesse aux Canaries,' 1883 (in English as ' Pep
Liverpool. Dec. 30, 1886, and at Toole's Thea
London, Aug. 30, 1888). A recent attempt ,
higher class of music, ' Plutus,' produced at
Opera Comique, Paris, March 31, 1886, fa
and was withdrawn after eight representati
but another essay in the same direction, '
Baba,' produced at the Alhanibra, Erus:
Nov. II, 1887, was more successful. [A ;

LEE,Geoege Alexander . Line 1 2 of art: ,
add that he became conductor of the Haymai ;
in 1827. His secession from the lesseeship of ■
Tottenham Street Theatre was on account of •
heavy penalties incurred by the mana','en: ,
through their infringement of the * patent tl ■
tres' ' rights. Line 3 from end of article, cor ;
date of Mrs. Lee's death to April 26, 1 851. [A )

LEEDS MUSICAL FESTIVAL. Add i ;
from 1880 till the present time the festivals 1 1
been conducted by Sir Arthur Sullivan, wl '.
' Martyr of Antioch ' was, together with 1 ■
nett's ' Building of the Ship,' the chief attraC .
of that year's festival (Oct. 13-17). In i
(Oct. lo-i 3) the novelties were Ra&''s ' End of
World,' Macfarren's ' David,' Cellier's ' Gn
Elegy,' and Barnby's 'The Lord is King.' .
1S86 (Oct. 13-17), Dvorak's ' St. Ludmila,' Si ■
van's ' Golden Legend,' Stanford's ' Reven
and Mackenzie's ' Story of Sayid ' were the 1 •
works, and a splendid performance was givei :
Bach's B minor Mass. [.

LEGRENZI, Giovanni. P. 113 6, last ] ^
but one, /or in July read May 26.

LEHMANN, Lilli, born 1848 at Wurzbi .
was taught singing by her mother, Maiie I ■
mann (born 1807), formerly a harp-player :
prima donna at Cassel under Spohr, and •
original heroine of some of the operas of t
master. The daughter made her dt'but
Prague as the First Boy (' Zauberflote'\ :
was engaged successively at Dantzig in i
and at Leipzig in 1870. She made her de
at Berlin as Vielka (Meyerbeer's ' Feldlagei
Schlesien'), Aug. 19, 1870, with such sud
that she was engaged there as a light sopr?
She obtained a life engagement there in l8 .
and was appointed Imperial chamber singer. '
same year she played Woglinde and Helmw
and sang the 'Bird' music in Wagner's tril
at Bayreuth. She made a successful debut
Her Majesty's as Violetta June 3, as Phi ■
('Mignon') June 15, 1S80, and sang there ■
two seasons. She appeared at Covent Gardei :
German with great success as Isolde, July 2, if •
In passing through England to America, wl :|
she has been engaged for the winter in Geri; i j
opera for the last three seasons, she gave a con( > \
with Franz Rummel at the Stein way Hall Oct. . *
1S85. She reappeared at Her Majesty's as Fill ■
in Italian June 1 88 7. [A

LEIDESDORF, Max Josef. Correct c
of death to 1840. In reference at end of art
add vol. i., and also that he was one of Schube ■
early publishers. (Corrected in late editions.



LEIPZIG.

LEIPZIG. In tlie list of cantors given on
115, omit the name of Joh. Eosenmuller, and
,ween those of Weinlig and Hauptmann,
ert that of Christoph August Pohlenz, who
d the post only from March to September
4.2. At end of list add the name of Wilhelm
st, who has been Cantor since 1879. Other
iitions to the article will be found under

OilASSCHULE, vol. iv. p. 1 98.

LEITMOTIF. Among other instances of

: use of what is practically a ' leading motive '

at from the advanced school of composers,

; luld be mentioned ' La Clochette' of Herold, in

ich the melody ' Me voil^ ' allotted to Lucifer,

; )ears at every entrance of the character. See

. V. et Gazette Mus., for 1880, p. 227.

LEMMENS, jST. J. Add date of death, Jan.

i^Si. The work referred to on p. 1200, 1.

■1 in bottom, was edited by J. Duclos, after

uthor's death, and published at Ghent in

'J. Four volumes of ' CEuvres inedites' have

;1 v been published by Breitkopf & Hartel.

.'iioa, last line, correct date of Mme. Sher-

igton's first appearance on the English stage

1 1860, and that of her debut on the Italian

sge to 1866.

LE^'EPVEU, Chaeles Ferdinand, born at
'. uen, Oct. 4, 1840. After finishing his classical
; dies at his native place, he came to Paris by
;i ther's desire to study law, and at the same
It iie leamt solfeggio from Savard, a professor
; the Conservatoire. His first essay as a com-
;er was a cantata composed for the centenary
• the Soci^t^ d' Agriculture et de Commerce of
en, which was crowned and performed July
, 1S62. After this success he resolved to fol-
V the musical profession, and through the
:ervention of Savard he entered the Conserva-
re and joined Ambroise Thomas's class. He
rried ofip the Prix de Home in 1S65 as the first
mpetitor, and his cantata, 'Eenaud dans les
rdins d'Armide,' was performed at the opening
the restored Salle du Conservatoire, Jan. 3,
66. It was thought at the time that this
)rk showed promise of a great future, but
inions have since undergone modification, for
mepjveu has never risen above the crowd of
timable musicians. When he was at Rome he
ok part in the competition instituted by the
iiiister of Fine Arts in 1867, and his score of
je Florentin,' written on a poem by St. Georges,
as accepted from among 62 compositions, with-
it hesitation on the part of the judges, or
urmurs on the part of the rival competitors,
be prize work was to have been given at the
pera Coinique, but political events and the war
dayed the fulfilment of the promise, and Lenep-
ju, instead of composing for the Concerts Popu-
ires, which were always ready to receive new
orks, made the mistake of holding aloof, resting
1 his laurels, while his companions, Massenet,
'ubois, Guiraud, Bizet, etc., all of whom were
aiting for admittance into the theatres, devoted
leniselves to symphonic music, and thereby ac-
uired skill in orchestration, as well as the recog-



LfiONARD, 699

nition of the public. Lenepveu, who on his return
from Rome had resumed his contrapuntal studies
with the celebrated organist Chauvet (born June
7, 1837, died Jan. 28, 1871), while waiting for
the production of ' Le Florentin,' brought forward
nothing except a funeral march for Henri Re-
gnault, played under Pasdeloup, Jan. 21, 1872.
In the preceding year he had produced a Re-
quiem at Bordeaux for the benefit of the widows
and orphans of those killed in the war, May 20,
1871 ; fragments of these works given at the
Concerts du Conservatoire, March 29, 1872, and
at the Concerts Populaires, April 11, 1873,
showed an unfortunate tendency in the composer
to obtain as much noise as possible. At length .
after long delays and repeated applications,
' Le Florentin ' was given at the Opera Comique,
Feb. 26, 1874, and was wholly unsuccessful.
Since then Lenepveu has never been able to get
any work represented in France. Having com-
pleted a grand opera, ' Velleda ' (on the subject
of Chateaubriand's 'Martyrs'), he determined
to produce it in London, where it was performed
in Italian, with Mme. Patti in the principal
part (Covent Garden, July 4, 1882). The only
portion of the work known in Paris is the scene
of the conspu-acy, which has been heard at va-
rious concerts. Besides a number of songs and
pieces for the piano, Lenepveu has only pro-
duced one important work, a 'drame lyrique,'
'Jeanne d'Arc,' performed in the Cathedral at
Rouen (June i, 1886). His music, which is natur-
ally noisy, is also wanting in originality, and his
style is influenced by composers of the most op-
posite schools. He cannot be too much blamed
for having avoided concerts in the attempt to
prove that a man of his temperament ought at
once to succeed on the stage. The artist is now
entirely sunk in the professor. Since Nov. 1880 he
has taken a harmony class for women at the
Conservatoire in the place of Guiraud, now pro-
fessor of advanced composition. In this capa-
city Lenepveu was decorated with the Le'gion
d'Honneur on Aug. 4, 1887. [A.J.]

LENZ, Wilhelm von. Add date of death,
Feb. 1883.

L^lfeONARD, Hubert, famous violinist, bom
in 1819 at Bellaire in Belgium, entered the Paris
Conservatoire in 1 836, and studied under Habe-
neck. He established his reputation as a bril-
liant player by a tour through Germany in
1844, and was the first to play Mendelssohn's
Violin Concerto in Berlin, under the immediate
direction of the composer. In 1847 he succeeded
de B&iot as first professor of the violin at the
Brussels Conservatoire. Since 1870 he has lived
in Paris. He is an eminently successful teacher,
and counts among his pupils many of the best
modern Belgian, German, and Fi'ench violinists.
Leonard is a brilliant virtuoso, excelling es-
pecially in arpeggios and staccatos.

!Madame Leonard, one of the Garcia family,
gained much distinction in concert singing,
and is now a successful teacher of singing in
Paris.



700



LEONORA.



LEONORA. Mr. Nottebohm's researches in
the sketch-books have made it clear that for the
revival of the opera in 1S14, Beethoven's first
intention was to recast the Prague Overture
No. 3 (op. 138), changing the key to E. Of
this various drafts exist, and some are given in
' Beethoveniana,' p. 74. Had this intention been
carried out the overture would have borne the
same relation to op. 138 that 'Leonora No. 3 '
does to 'Leonora No. 2,' and we might then
have possessed five overtures to the opera ! [G.]

LEONORE PROHASKA. The four pieces,
as given in the article, have been published by
Breitkopfs in the supplemental volume to their
complete edition of Beethoven. The march from
op. 26 is transposed into B minor, and scored for
Flutes, Clarinets in A, Bassoons, 2 Horns in D
and 2 in E, Drums, Violins 1 and 2, Viola, Cello
and Bass. [G.l

LESCHETITZKY,Theodoe. At endof article
add that in 1880 he married his pupil, Mme.
EssipofF. Also that an opera by him, ' Die erste
Falte ' was given at Prague in 1S67.

LESLIE, Heney David. Add that in 1880
his choir was broken up ; it was subsequently
reorganized under Signor Randegger, and in
1885-1887 Mr. Leslie resumed its management.
P. 1236, 1. 18, /or 1853 read 1854.

LESUEUR, J. F. Correct date of birth to
Feb. 15, 1760.

LEVASSEUR, Nicholas Prosper, was bom
March 9, 1791, at Bresles, Oise, the son of a
labourer. He entered the Paris Conservatoire
in 1807, and became a member of Carat's singing
class Feb. 5, 181 1. He made his debuts at the
Academie as Osman Pacha (Gr^try's ' Cara-
vane') Oct. 5, 1813, and as (Edipus (Sacchini's
'CEdipe h Colonos ') Oct. 15, and was engaged
there. According to Fe'tis he was successful
only as the Pacha ; the repertory was either too
high for his voice, or unfavourable to the Italian
method which he had acquired. He made his
de'but at the King's Theatre in Simon Mayer's
' Adelasia ed Alderano, ' Jan. 10,1815, and played
there two seasons with success in ' La Clemenza
di Tito,' in Cimarosa's ' Gli Orazi,' as Pluto
(Winter's ' Ratto di Proserpina') at Mme. Ves-
tris's d^but July 20, 1S15 ; in Paer's 'Griselda,'
Farinelli's 'Rite d'Efeso,' Ferrari's 'Heroine di
Raab,' and Portogallo's ' Regina di Lidia.' He
reappeared there with some success in 1829, and
again in French as Bertram on production of
' Robert,' June 11, 1832. He reappeared at the
Acadt^mie about 1816, and remained there as an
under-study, but obtained a great reputation in
concerts with his friend and fellow student Pon-
chard. He made his d^but at the Italiens as
Figaro, Oct. 5, 18 19, and remained there until
about 1827, where he sang in the new operas
of Rossini, Meyerbeer's ' Crociato,' and Vaccaj's
' Romeo.' He sang at Milan on the production
of Meyerbeer's 'Margherita d'Anjou,' Nov. 14,
1820. He reappeared at the Acade'mie as Moses
on the production of Rossini's opera there, March
26, 1827, a part which he had previously played



LEWIS.

at the Italiens Oct. 20, 1822; returned there pe
manently the next year, and remained until h
retirement Oct. 29, 1853. He created the pa
of Zacliarie in the ' Prophfete ' at the request <
Meyerbeer, who admired his talent as much :
his noble character. He was appointed head (
a lyric class at the Conservatoire June 1, 1S4
and on his retirement in 1869 was appointe
a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. He die
at Paris Dec. 5, 1871, having become blin
a short time before his death. 'It was in tl
production of " Robert " that Levasseur create
a class of characters ... in which he has had u
numerable imitators, but not one single artis
with his peculiar physiognomy, his exceptional!
toned voice, his imposing presence and inte
lectual grasp. His Bertram was a veritable ere?
tion. . . . Next to Bertram must rank his delines
tion of Marcel and Zachariah.' '■ [A.C,

LEVERIDGE, Richard. Add that aboi
1708 he wrote new music for Act. ii. of Macbetl
In the last sentence of article, for engraved poi
trait read mezzotint, and for Fryer read Frye.
LEVEY, William Charles, born April 2;
1837, at Dublin, was taught music by his fathe"
Richard Michael Levey, leader of the Dubh
theatre orchestra. He afterwards studied a
Paris under Auber, Thalberg, and Prudent, an
was elected a member of the Soci^te des Auteur
et Compositeurs. He was conductor at Drur^
Lane from 1868 to 1 8 74, and has held the sam
post at Covent Garden, Adelphi, Princess'f
Avenue, and Grecian Theatres, etc. His com
positions include two operettas, ' Fanchette.
Covent Garden, Jan. 2, 1864; 'Punchinello,
Her Majesty's, Dec. 28, 1864 ; ' The Girls of th
Period,' musical burletta, libretto by Bumand



Online LibraryGeorge GroveA dictionary of music and musicians (A.D. 1450-1889) by eminent writers, English and foreign : with illustrations and woodcuts (Volume 4) → online text (page 165 of 194)