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REV. J.KNOX 1572

REV. CHR. LOVE .1651

DR. H. MORE 1663

REV. P. JURIEU...i687
REV. R.FLEMING. 1 70 1
DR. GILL 1748










"I tfj





is one of the beft evidences of a divines
revelation. And it is a peculiar glory of our
Bible that it contains a regular feries of prophecies
from the earlieft times to the confummation of all
things. Even Enoch the feventh from Adam,
prophefied: and though we have little preferved
of that very early date, from the age of the flood
We have a chain of Scripture predictions,' which
running through all the fubfequent ages connects
even with eternity. Noah foretold the manner in
which the new world fhould be divided among his
forts; and their different deftinies. Abraham, Jacob
and Mdfes, marked the out-lines of Jewifh hiftory
down to the times of Median and later, with not a
few circumftances relative to other nations. David
greatly enlarged the treafures of infpiration; and
the fucceeding Prophets, each in clearer and fuller
language, defcribed the events of future and diftan^

B ages

ages the variou revolutions of empires a\v~l
ftates - and fome of them even rixed the tin e in
which their words iliould be accomplifhed. The
New Teftament completes and illuftrates the Old.
Our Lord and his apoftle Paul added many valu-
able particulars ; the former as to the clofe of the
Jewiih ceconomy, and the latter with refpect to
the corruptions fince brought into the Chrifdan
church. But the REVELATION of St. John, or
rather of Jefus Cbrift to him, contains the rnoft full
and important feries of prophefies ever beftowed
on mankind ; extending from the clofe of the firft
century of Chriftianity, about, which period it was
written, to the end of time , and may be confidered
as an infpired comment on the predictions of
Daniel, referring in great meafure to the fame

But prophecy was intended not merely as a con-
firmation of the divine records in which it was
contained ; but alfo as a fource of comfort and en-
couragement to the Lord's people in times of
public diftrefs and danger; whence we find the
prophets particularly ftudied by good men in fuch
periods. It was during the feventy years captivity
that Daniel fearched the iacred books > and found
that they were near expiring. It is highly proba-
ble that the ftudy of Daniel's prophecies prepared
the pious Jews for the coming of their Lord, after
having waited for his Jahation, during a period of
great darknefs and depravity. And doubtlefs
many times when the Lord's people have been
looking out for deliverance to the church, as thofe
that watch for the morning, they have found much
encouragement for their hopes, and often wonder-
ful and feafonable fulfilments of the divine pro-
mifcs. It will be found, on enquiry, that moil of



the authors from whom the following extracts are
fele<5bd, wrote either during times of perfecution,
or in the immediate profpedt of them.

It is true, our Lord reproves thofe that were in-
quifitive as to the times which the Father haih re-
ferved in his own power ; but it is no lefs obferv-
able, that he fharpiy accufed the Pharifees^for that
they did not dijcern the jigns , of the times.. Secret
things, indeed, belong to the Lord cur God; but thofe
that are renewed, unto us and to cur children. To
thefe REVEALED things (and fuch are the pro-
phetic as well as other parts of fcripture)
great and good men have thought themfelves juf-
tified in dirc-fting their humble and modeft enqui-
ries ; not without hopes that fome of thofe oracles,
which the infpired inftruments who uttered them
were not permitted to underftand, might yet be
unveiled to others, in or near whofe times they were
about to be accomplifhed ; feeing the apoftie Peter
teacheth us that not- unto themjehes, but unto us .did
they minifter the things which are reported in the
fcriptures. [See i Pet. i. 1012.] . It fliould not
be thought ft range and unaccountable, then,, if fome
fuggeftions of eminent and pious men fli6uid, re-
markably correfpond with fubfequent, and
that even their ccnjeffures fliould fometimes appear
prophetic ; efpecially as ihtfecret cf the Lord is with
them that fear him, and he teacheth them wonderful
things out cf his word. Surely it is not incredible,
nor is it, I hope, enthufiaflic to fuppofe, that among
the multitude of rays emitted from the Sun of
Right eoujnefs to a believer who walks in the light of
his countenance, fome may convey a peculiar infight
to the.fublime parts of fcripture ; and after reading
the enfuing paffages, I am perfuaded few will ab-
folutely deny the fad;.

B a As


As this tract may fall into the hands of foma
perfons but very little acquainted with the pro-
phecies, and in particular with the Book of the
Revelation, on which mofb of the following conjec-
ifures are founded, it is judged neceffary, in order
to render them intelligible, to prefix an idea of the
nature of the vifions it contains, and a very brief
analyfis of thefe prophefies, efpecially fuch parts of
them as are generally agreed to be already accom-
plifhed ; and this fhall be taken, for the moft part,
from the 3d Vol. of the admirable and luminous
Differtations of Bifhop Newton on the Prophecies.

Let the reader, in the firfl place, obferve, that the
vifions which the beloved apoftle relates in the
order in which he faw them, were emblematic re-
prefentations of the future (late of the church of
Chrift, and of her enemies, in the various fucceffive
ages of the world. It is not altogether agreed
whether the epiftles to the feven churches in chap,
ii. and iii. were properly prophetic or not; but if
they were, it is fuppofed, i. That the church of
Ephefus, reprefents t:he church in the apoftolic age
2.. That of Smyrna, the time of the ten early per-
fecutions, and to the days of Conilantine 3.
That of Per games, the church from that period
during the rife of popery 4. That of 1"hyatira^
the dark ages of the church preceding the reform-
ation 5. Tha$ of Sardis, the reformed church- -
6. That of Philadelphia, Chrift 's fpiritual reign and
the yth and laft, That of Laodicea^ a rtate of re-
markable declenfion expefted to follow the latter
period, and immediately to precede the end of the
world. Thefe are the ideas of the learned Dr.
Gill and others. What 'follows is chiefly (as we
propofed) from Bifhop Newton,


Chap. IV. and V. contain the preparatory vifion,
in which is introduced a volume fealed with fcven
feals, which the Son of God alone is found able to

Chap. VI. VII. and VIII. relate the opening of
the SEALS, and the unfolding of the book, wherein

f< Each op'ning leaf, and ev'ry flroke
" Fulfils fume deep defign."

The firft Jed opens a fcene of triumph, and is
referred to a feries of remarkable victories obtained
by the Romans, from the accefiion of Vefpafian to
the reign of Nerva, inclufive ; a period of not
quite thirty years ; which includes, however, the
conqutft and deftrucliion of Jerufalem. This pe-
riod was equally remarkable for the fuccefles of
the gofpel, and to thofe fome chufe rather to refer
this fcene.

The Jecond fed introduces the bloody wars and
(laughters which followed for near an hundred years,
during the reigns of Trajan and his fucceflbrs down
to Septimus Severus ; including the rebellion and
deftruction of the impoilor Barchochab, and his
deluded followers,

The third Jeal defcribes the fevere juflice and
ceconomy which marked the reign of the laft men-
tioned emperor and his family, which continued
for about forty years.

The fourth fed introduces a period of war, fa-
mine, peftilence, and the ravages of wild beafts j
which lafted from the reign of Maximin to that of
Dioclefian, about fifty years.

The fifth fed refers to what has been called the
age of martyrs, the tenth and laft heathen perfecu-
tion under Dioclefian; which exceeded all the
former, raging inceflantly for ten years.



The J!:<tb fed ufh-ers . in 'the- grand revolution,
brought about by Coriftantine,jn which heatheniirn
was finally overthrown, and ' Chriftianity made the-
eftablifhed religion of the empire. : This period is
extended to the death of Theodofius, about feveniy
years, and brings us to near the clofe of the fourth

The feventb and lafl fed introduces /even angels
with trur.ipets, the founding of which fucceffively
marks out feven other remarkable periods, which
we have in Chap. VIII. and IX.

The firfi trumpet defcribes the invafion of Alaric
and the Goths, under the image of a tremendous

The JccGvd trumpet reprefents the ravages of At-
'tiia and his Huns, by the figure of a burning
mountain carl into the fea.

The third trumpet introduces the heretical Gen-
feric and his Vandals from Italy, as a flar falling
from heaven, and embittering the waters.

The fourth trumpet . refers to Odoacer and the
Hernli, who totally deftroyed the poor remains of
the Weftern Roman empire, even to the very
name, and founded the kingdom qf the Oflrogoths.
This is reprefented "in , prophetic language as ex-
tinguifhing one third :of the celeflial luminaries.
Thefe events bring us to about the, middle of "the
iixth century; and a proclamation is now made
from heaven to prepare us for the three following,
which are diflinguifhed by the name of Wee
Trumpets, and introduce events ftill more terribly

The fifth trumpet introduces Mohammed, an-
other fallen flar, and his. Arabian army, under the
ftriking fimiiitude of locufts.

The Jixtb trumDet lets loofe the four fultanies of



Turks and Othmans, whofe wars are defcrihed in
tremendous language. Thefe trumpets effected
the ruin of the Eaftern empire.

The Je-jenth trumpet brings in the Millenium.
But previous to this is introduced a fcene of a
little book, which is confidered as a kind of appen-
dix and illuilration of the preceding prophecies,
and fome additions. This begins whet is com-
monly called the Jecond part of the Book of Re-
velation, which properly commences with the Lift
verfe of Chap. X.

Chap. XL defcribes the character, death, and
refurrection of God's faithful v/lmeiTes. Upon
this chapter (particularly ver. 13.) great part of the
following conjectures are founded; we fh all -only
apprize the reader that he will find authors not
agreed whether the death and refurrection of thefe
witnefles is yet paft or future. Thofe who main-
tain the former, explain it of fome of the following
events, which remarkably coincide with the three
prophetic days (or years) and an half; -viz. '

1. The feilion of the council of Conftance from
November, 1414, to April, 1418, in which period
Hufs and Jerom of Prague were burnt ; after this
the pope loft the kingdom of Bohemia.

2. The perfecution of the Proteftants of the
league of Smalcald, from April, 1 547, to Decem-
ber, 1550.

7. The perfecution of the cruel Q^Mary in
England from Feb. 1555, to Nov. 1558.

4. From the maffacre of Paris, Sept. 1572,. to
the treaty of Henry III. of France in favor of the
Hugonots, May, 1576, was nearly the fame period.

5. The popifh reign of our K. James II. from
Feb. 1685, to Nov. 1688.

6. From the revocation of the edict of Nantz *



in Oft. 1685, to the coronation of K. William lit;
in England, April, 1689, by which an afylum was
in forne meafure provided for them, and their
drooping hopes much encouraged.

7. From the cruel edict of the duke of Savoy
awainft the Proteilants in Piedmont, near the end
or 1686, to another edict in their favor June, 1690;

8. Tyrconnel's viceroyfhip in Ireland under K.
James II. from Feb. 1686-7, to K. William's
victories in 1690.

All the above events and feveral others have
been obferved to agree with the prediction in fome
refpects ; but none completely fo, its full accom-
plifhment waiting,perhaps,for fome event ftill future.

Chap. XII. defcribes a great red dragon, which
is commonly underftood of Pagan Rome, and this
vifion illuftrates the events of the iirft fix feals.

Chap. XIII. i 10. reprefents Papal Rome as 2
ten horned beaft, fucceffor to the preceding.
Verfes i i - i8. defcribes a two horned beaft, which
Bifhop Newton and others explain of the Pope
(called alfo the falfe -prophet) and his clergy. The
number of the beaft is explained with fome variety,
but moft adopt the ancient notion of Ireneus who
finds it in LATEINOS, the Latin or Roman, an epi-
thet conftantly applied to the Weftern church ; and
it is remarkable that about this time (666) the
ufe of Latin in the church offices became general. It
is alfo obfervable that the Hebrew word ROMIITH,
of the fame meaning as the Greek LATEINOS, con-
tains alfo the fame number. Some writers fuppofe
this beaft to mean the tyranny of the Leivifes in
France, and therefore find the number in the nu-
merals of Lu DO vie us, which anfwers to it in Latin.
The truth of thefc matters may be feen as fol-
lows :










A late writer has alfo re-

- i

marked, as a very fmgular


circumftance, that the title

- 5



the popes of Rome have af-


fumed to themfelves, and


have caufed, as is faid, to be


infcribed over the door of the

Vatican, exaftly makes the


number 666, when decypher-



V - - s


I - - i


C - - loo


A - - o


R - - o


I - - i


V - - 5


S - - o


F - - o


I - - i


L - - 50

I - - i


I - - i



D - - 500


E - - o


I - - i












Chap. XIV. defcribes the true church and the
progrefs of the reformation by the publifhing or
the everlafting gofpel, which is fucceeded by an aw-
ful picture of the definition of antichrift.

Chap. XV. contains a vifion preparatory to fe-
ven angels pouring out the feven laft vials (cups or
cenfers) of the wrath of God.

Chap. XVI. The vials are poured out, and ef-
fect the- final deftruftion of antichrift,

C Chap,


Chap. XVII. reprefents the church of Rome
under the emblem of a gaudy harlot, riding on the
feven headed beafL That this means Rome, be-
fide the authorities cited by commentators, take
the following from Ganganelli, afterwards Pope
Clement XIV.

Inviting the Abbe Fcrghen to vifit Rome, he
tells him that it c< may be feen a thoufand times
and always with new pieafure. This city, fituated
upon SEVEN HILLS, which the ancients call the
feven miftrefTes of the world, feems to command
the univerfe, and boldly to fay to mankind, that
fhe is the QUEEN and the CHIEF." Letter II. Eng-
lilh edition.

Chap. XVIII. defcribes the utter definition of
fjpiritual Babylon.

Chap. XIX. the triumph of the church thereon.

Chap. XX. reprefents the millenial ftate, or a
thoufand years of the churches glory -, and a fhort
period of dreadful calamity between that and the
day of judgment.

Chap. XXI, XXII. The new heaven, the new
earth, and the new Jerufalem ; differently underflood
either of the milknium or of heaven itfelf. This
leads to the conclufion.

Having thus given the reader a very brief fketch
of the pkn and contents of the Apocalypfe, we fhall
introduce him to the following authors in the order
in which they wrote ; forbearing our further ob-
Icrvations till the reader has gone through them.

No. I.



DR. GEORGE BROWN, Abp. of f)ublin, (confe-
crated by Abp. Cranmer) was a man of confides
able piety and learning, the firft proteftant biihop
in Ireland, and very instrumental in the reformation
of that kingdom.

Within a dozen years of the foundation of the
order of JESUITS, he preached a fermon at Chrift
Church, Dublin, (the year abovementioned) in
which he gave the following character of that

" There is a new fraternity of late fprtmg up,
who call themfelvcs Jej'uifs, which will deceive many,
who are much after the fcribes and pharifees man-
ner: amongfb the Jews they fhall ftrive to aboliili
the truth, and fhall come very near to do it ; for
thefe forts will turn themfelves into feveral forms,
with the heathen an heathenift, with atheifts an
atheift, with Jews a Jew, and with the reformers a
reformade, purpoiely to know your intentions, your
minds, your hearts, and your inclinations, and
thereby bring you at laft to be like the fool that
Jaid in his hearty there is no God. Thefe lhall fpread
over the whole world, fhall be admitted into the
councils of princes and they never the wifer ; cjiarni-
ing of them ; yea, making your princes reveal thtir
hearts, and trie fecrets therein unto them, and yet
they not perceive it ; which will happen from fail-r
ing from the law of God.. ..and by winking at their
fins ; yet in the end, God, tojuftify his law, fhal
fuddenly cut off this fociety, even by the hands of
thefe who have mofl fuccoured them y and made uie of
gfrem ; fo that at the end they lhall become odious

C 2 t 9


to all nations : they {hall be worfe than Jews having
no refling place upon earth, and then fhall a Jew
have more favour than a Jefuit," [HARLEIAN
MISCELLANY, vol. V. p. 566.]

It need not be added, that this character proved
prophetic. It fhall only be noted that this order,
which was founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1 540, was
expelled England in 1604. Venice, 1606 Por-
tugal, 1759 France, 1764 Spain and Sicily,
1767- and totally fupprefled by Pope Clement
XIV. 1773-

No. II. REV. JOHN KNOX, 1572.

THIS intrepid Scots reformer, <f who never feared
the face of man," is faid, in leveral inftances, to
have been indowed with a prophetic fpirit. The
like has been aflerted of Luther, Hufs, IVijhdrt,
Ufoer, and other eminent characters, of which the
reader will form his own judgment. The follow-
ing, at this period, muft ftrike many, as corre-
fponding at once with recent events, and with that
awful declaration of heaven, that God " vifiteth
the fins of the fathers upon the children, unto the
third and fourth generation."

The news of the horrid MafTacre of Paris was
brought to Edinburgh about the twelfth of Sep-
tember, by Mr. Killegrew, ambaiTador from Queen
Elizabeth, Mr. Knox, introduced it into his
next fermon, with his ufual denunciation of God's
vengeance thereon, which he defired the French
ambaflador, Monf. Le Croque 3 might be acquainted



with. The denunciation was to this purport, ff Sen-
tence is pronounced in Scotland againft that mur-
derer, the King of France^ and God's vengeance
fhall never depart from him, nor his houfe, but
his name fhall remain an execration to pofterity ; and
rone that fa all come cf his kins lhall, enjoy that king-
dom in peace and quietnefs, unlefs repentance pre-
vent God's judgement." The Ambaffador, being
told it, applied to the Regent and Council, and
complained that his mailer was called a traitor and
murderer of his fubjects under a promife and truft ;
and defired that an edicl" might be publilhed, pro-
hibiting the fubjecTis of Scotland to fpeak any thing
to the difhoriour of his mafter ; efpecially the Mi-
nifters in their fermons. This was waved by the
Council ; and the Ambafiador was told, that they
could not hinder the Minifters from fpeaking even
Againft themfelyes. [LIFE of KNOX.]


THIS excellent and venerable divine, who was
fometime prefident of Magdalen college, Oxford,
and one of the ejected minifters, wrote his Expo-
fition of the Revelation in 1639, an d it was pub-
lifhed in the year 1683, foon after his death.

On Rev. xi. 13. this writer obferves, " By
the tenth part of the city I underfb.nd fome one
tenth part of Europe j" which he afterwards ex-
plains of the kingdom of France, as we fhall. fee
prefently. He goes on to obfervc



ff By the earthquake here is meant a great
concuffion or IhakLng of ftates, politic, or eccie-
fiafticaL.By this earthquake's falling thus out in
a tenth part of the city, this tenth part bf it is
fo fhaken that it falls ; that is, ceafeth to be a
tenth part of the city, or belong to its jurifdiclion
any longer... The effect of this earthquake, and
fall of this tenth part of the city, is killing Jeven
thoufand of the names of men... .Now, by men of
name, in fcripture is meant men of ride, office and
dignity.. .[As in the cafe of Corah's confpiracy,}
fo here a civil punifhment falls upon thefe: for
having killed thefe witnefies, themfelves are to be
killed (haply) by being BEREFT OF THEIR NAMES
AND TITLES, which are to be rooted out for ever,
and condemned to perpetual forge tfulnefs."

" Now which of thefe ten kingdoms [may be
in tended].... it is not hard to conjecture ; though it
be rafhnefs peremtorily to determine."..,

" The faints and churches of France, God has
made a wonder unto me in all his proceedings to-
wards them, rirft and laft ; and there would feem
fome great and foecial honour referved for them,
yet at the laft j for it is certain, that the rirft light
of the gofpel, by that firft and fecond angel's preach-
ing in chapter xiv. (which laid the foundation of
vntichrift's ruin) was out from among them, namely
thofe of Lyons, and other places in France. And
they bore and underwent the . great heat of that
morning of perfecution, which was as great, if not
greater than any fmce...And fo, as that kingdom
had the firft great ftroke, fo now it fhould have the
honour of having the lajl great ftroke in the ruin of

It fhouid be added, however, that Dr. Goodwin
was fo far from being pofitive in this idea, that he



rather inclined to think Great Britain the tenth
part of the city intended by the Holy Spirit ; and
that thefe great events fhould happen about the
middle of the feventeenth century -, in this laft idea,
however he lived to find himfelf miftaken, not dy-
ing till the year 1679.


MR. LOVE, a pious Prefbyterian minifter, who
was beheaded during the troublefome times of the
civil wars in this country, on a charge of confpir-
ing with fome others to reftore K. Charles I. on
the hope of his having been reformed and con-
verted, after he had taken the Scotch covenant.
This gentleman, who muft be confefied a lit-
tle tinctured with enthufiafm, had fludied the Re-
velation, and was very confident in his calcula-
tion, in which he thought himfelf guided <f by
the Holy Spirit of the Lord."

The following prophecy, as it is called, is partly
the refult of his prophetic fpeculations, and partly
his interpretation of a fuppofed pillar of Seth in
Damafcus, which it is now generally agreed by
the learned was a grofs impofition on the credulity
of former ages. The near approach to late events
in fome of the following articles, is however fuf-
ficiently remarkable to intereft attention in the
prefent fituation of affairs. The work from which
the enfuing extract is taken is called 1 , A Jhort
Work of the Lord in the latter Age of the World.

" Great earthquakes and commotion* by fea



and land fhall come in the year of God 1779.
GREAT WARS in Germany and in AMERICA in
1780. The deftruction of popery, or BABYLON'S
FALL, in the year 1790 God will be known by
many in the year 1795. This will produce a great
man The liars will wander, and the moon turn
as blood, in 1800 Africa, Afia, and America will
tremble in 1803 A great earthquake overall the
world, in 1805 God will be univerfally known by
all : then a general reformation, and peace for ever,
when the people mall learn war no more Happy
is the man that liveth to fee this day !"

A copy of this prophecy (with fome obvious
but material errors in the latter dates) may be

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Online LibraryGeorge M. (George Milton) WarrenProphetic conjectures on the French Revolution and other recent and shortly expected events → online text (page 1 of 5)