head of Augustus with the remarkable legend AYTOKPA KAIZAP
OEOZ OEOY YIOS SE. The weight is 7-41 grammes, which would
be suitable enough for a tridrachm of the cistophoric standard.
Mr. Robinson's suggestion is based upon the obvious likeness between
this piece and the bronzes struck at Cnossus, under the duoviri
Volumnius and Lupinus, and having on the reverse the heads of Nero
and Octavia face to face. 3 It certainly deserves very serious considera-
tion. Should it win general assent, the coins of 24 and 12 asses (Plate,
Figs. 12 and 13) will have to be finally removed from Crete. The
idea of a common origin for the two sets is precluded by their
1 Hist. Num.\y. 384.
2 Griechische Milnzen, pp. 164 f.
3 Svoronos, op. cit., p. 95, No. 217, PL VIII, 26 f.
THE SILVER COINAGE OF CRETE 29
In any event, during the latter part of Nero's reign, or possibly
upon his death, the island seems to have been deprived of the right
of minting in silver at all. There was a brief revival under Trajan
whose head, with his name and titles in Latin, appears on a fairly
numerous series of drachms (3-25-2-24 grammes) having on the
reverse a nymph with the infant Zeus, and the legend KPHT
A I KTYN N A. Thenceforward Crete struck only in bronze.
KEY TO THE PLATE
Itanus. Obv. Helmeted head of Athena 1. Rev.
[l]TANin[N]. Eagle standing 1., lodking back ; in
field r., small Triton ; incuse square. [Hunter.]
Rhodian Tetradrachm. ca. 400-375 B.C.
Itanus. Oho. Similar head r. ; rude style. Rev.
Eagle as above ; rude style. [Hunter.] Aeginetic
Stater, ca. 400-375 B.C.
Gortyna. Obv. Europa riding r. on bull ; beneath,
dolphin. Rev. A\ MD 0[T MO]MVT^O[A] 1
Lion's scalp facing ; linear square. [Hunter.]
Aeginetic Stater, ca. 480-400 b.c.
Phaestus. Obv. Similar type 1. Rev. A^JMD OT
V\OT7M^A3. s Similar type. [B.M.] Aeginetic
Stater, ca. 480-400 b.c.
Cydonia: Obv, Head of Athena Parthenos r. ; in
front, AlOftN. Rev. KYAHNI AT AN. Owl r. on
amphora ; in field r., hound suckling infant ; all
in olive-wreath. [Hunter.] Attic Tetradrachm. ca.
Lysimachus. Obv. Head of the deified Alexander r.
Rev. BAIIAEOI AYZIMAXOY. AthenaNike-
phoros seated 1. ; in front, ithy phallic satyr h, with
pedum in l.hand; in ex., trident 1. ; above, A 1 OH N.
[Hunter.] Attic Tetradrachm. Third century b.c
Cnossus. Obv. Head of Hera 1., wearing Stephanos.
Rev. KNHZI. Square labyrinth; on either side A P.
[Hunter.] Aeginetic Tetrobol. ca. 350-300 b.c.
Cydonia. Obv. Head of nymph i\, wreathed with
grapes and vine-leaves, and wearing ear-ring. Rev.
KYAflN. Naked archer, stringing bow. [B.M.]
Aeginetic Stater, ca. 400-350 b.c
Cydonia. Obv. Similar. Rev. Similar, but, in front,
a dog looking up at archer and raising his fore-
paw ; above dog, arrow-head. [B. M.] Debased
Aeginetic Stater, ca. 400-350 b.c
Gortyna. Obv. Head of Helios, three-quarter face
towards r. Rev. T O. Eagle 1., with serpent in
talons ; border of rays. [B. M. ] Rhodian Drachm,
ca. 250-150 b.c
Rhodes. Obv. Similar. Rev. P O. Rose with bud
on r. ; on 1., caduceus and uncertain object ; above
n*IKPATH. [B. M.j Rhodian Drachm,
ca. 250-166 b. c
Uncertain. Obv. NERO - CLAVD - DIVI -CLAVD-F-
CAESAR-AVG-GERMANI. Bust of Nero r.,laur.
Rev. Bust of Claudius r., laur. ; behind - ; in
front, K A ; all within laurel-wreath. [B.M.] Piece
Uncertain. Obv. Similar. Rev. Bust of Agrippina r. ;
behind, t._ ; in front, IB; all within laurel-wreath.
[B. M.] Piece of 12 Asses.
Uncertain. Obv. NEPHN KAAYAI KAIZAP TTOrT-
nAIASABEISE Busts of Poppaea r. and Nero 1.,
face to face; above, crescent. Rev. AYTOKPA
KAISAP OEOS OEOY YIOS SE. Head of
Augustus 1., radiate. [B.M.] Cistophoric Tridrachm.
i i IS&y^
SILVER COINS OF CRETE
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