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LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
DAVIS



HISTORY



OF THE



REPUBLICAN PARTY



BY



GEORGE 0. SEILHAMER



VOL. I.



NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY

1856-1898



JUDGE PUBLISHING CO.

110 FIFTH AVENUE
NEW YORK



THE WINTHROP PRESS
NEW YORK



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



THE CREATIVE PERIOD.

PAGE

I. GENESIS OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 1-18

The Wilmot Proviso The Mexican War and the Democracy Attitude of Politi-
cal Parties in 1848 Free Soil Revolt of the Barnburners Compromise Measures
of 1850 President Pierce and the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise of 1820
The Kansas-Nebraska Bill Complete Triumph of Slavery Despair of the North
Eli Thayer Organization for the Kansas Conflict Governor Reeder and the
Border Ruffians.

II. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1856 19-32

The Nomination of James Buchanan First National Republican Conventions
Colonel Fremont Republican Candidates for the Vice-Presidency The Plat-
forms Contrasted Campaign Medals Contentions of the Canvass Assault Upon
Senator Sumner The Kansas Conflict Republican Leaders of the Period Results
of the Elections The Virulence and Vituperation with which the Republicans
were Assailed.

III. DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH OF THE PARTY . . . 33-48

The Dred Scott Decision Pro-Slavery Attitude of the Supreme Court Effects
of the Decision Kansas Governors Reeder, Shannon, Geary, and Walker The
Lecompton Constitution Democratic Opposition to It Failure of the Conspiracy
Douglas and Lincoln The Congress of Secession Union Soldiers in Congress
Confederate Military Leaders Prominent Men in the 36th Congress Political
Effects of the Lecompton Conspiracy John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
Attempts to Hold the Republican Party Responsible for Brown's Acts Helper's
Book, " The Impending Crisis " Republican Strength, not Weakness, Results.

IV. THE SECOND REPUBLICAN CONVENTION .... 49-64

Nominations in 1860 The Charleston Convention Republican Organization
Complete The Chicago Convention William H. Seward Signs of Opposition to
His Candidature The Candidates Enthusiasm of the New York Delegation
Weed and Evarts The Republican Wigwam Organization of the Convention
The Platform Naming the Candidates The Ballots Analysis of the Vote
Lincoln Nominated Causes of Seward's Defeat Abraham Lincoln Hannibal
Hamlin Enthusiastic Reception of the Ticket.

V. THE LINCOLN AND HAMLIN CAMPAIGN .... 65-73

Shades of Opinion in the Canvass Mr. Lincoln During the Campaign
Republican Enthusiasm and Oratory Seward and His Friends Hostility of the
Commercial Class to Republican Success Campaign Medals The Wide-A wakes
The Illinois Rail-Splitter The State Elections Analysis of the Presidential Vote.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH ..... 74-84

The Wilmot Proviso Slavery Clauses in the Democratic Platform, 1852 Whig
Declaration, 1852 Republican Platform of 185G The Philadelphia Nomination
Acceptance of the Philadelphia Nomination- Republican Platform of 1860 Mr.
Lincoln's Letter of Acceptance.



THE WAR PERIOD.

I. SECESSION . . . . 85-97

The Conspiracy in the Cabinet Buchanan's Last Annual Message Judge Black
Reconstruction of the Cabinet Disintegration of the Thirty-sixth Congress
Efforts at Compromise in Congress Concessions of the North An " Embassy "
from South Carolina The Peace Commission Responsibility of the Republican
Party Demoralization of Northern Sentiment Fears of Conspiracies The Elec-
toral Count Lincoln's Unexpected Appearance in Washington.

II. REPUBLICAN LEADERS OF 1861 98-108

Lincoln's Personality Unfavorable Impressions Formation of the Cabinet
Inauguration The Cabinet Received with Disfavor Seward and Lincoln Chase
and Lincoln Distrust of the President The Thirty-seventh Congress The War
Governors Impending Changes in Repiiblican Leadership.

III. THE WAR FOR THE UNION 109-129

Lincoln Without a Policy Seward's Dominating Ideas Forts Sumter and
Pickens Lincoln Assumes Full Responsibility Phases of the Slavery Question-
The Peace Advocates Elections of 1862 Emancipation Greeley's Embarrassing
Course The Cabinet Divided McClure's Comments on the Proclamation Demo-
cratic Hostility to the War Compensated Emancipation Refused Suspension of
the Habeas Corpus^Democrats Want an Armistice The Conscription Act
Vallandigham The Draft Riots Elections of 1863.

IV. THE THIRD REPUBLICAN CONVENTION .... 130-143

Opposition to Lincoln's Nomination Chase a Candidate The Pomeroy Circular
Chase Withdraws The Cleveland Convention Hamlin and Lincoln General
Butler Lincoln's Preference for Andrew Johnson Fremont's Letter of Accept-
ance Lieutenant-General Grant The Baltimore Convention Dr. Breckinridge
Credentials The Platform Lincoln and Johnson Nominated Dickinson Johnson
General McClellan's Nomination.

V. THE LINCOLN AND JOHNSON CAMPAIGN . . . . 144-155

Gloomy Outlook when the Canvass Opened Democratic Hopes Sentiments of
Belmont, Bigler, and Seymour at Chicago The Jewett-Greeley Peace Fiasco
Object of the Negotiations Resignation of Secretary Chase Democratic Conspira-
cies Knights of the Golden Circle Objections Made to McClellan's Nomination-
Lincoln and McClellan McClellan's Body-guard McClellan's Dismissal The
Soldier Candidate of the Peace Party Turn in the Tide Union Victories Elec-
tion Responses to the War Bulletins Montgomery Blair His Unpopularity The
Pressure for His Removal Lincoln's Intervention Demanded by the Politicians
Vallandigham Insists on the Chicago Platform Results of the Elections.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH ..... 156-159

Republican Platform of 1864 Mr. Lincoln's Address Democratic Platform of
1864.



THE PERIOD OF RECONSTRUCTION.
I. THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT 160-176

The Thirty-eighth Congress Schuyler Colfax, Speaker Cox and Long Henry
Winter Davis and Robert C. Schenck Grant Made Lieutenant-General Ashley
and the Amendment It Passes the Senate General Henderson Defeated in the
House Opponents and Champions Holman, Wood and Randall Pendleton -
President Lincoln's Message Reconsidered in the House The Debate Mr. Cox's
Able Argument The Vote Ratification of the Amendment.



II. PEACE 177-184

The Hampton Roads Conference Lincoln's Second Inauguration Close of the
War Last Confederate Hopes Assassination of the President Mr. Lincoln's
Character His Ideas of Reconstruction A New Announcement to the South That
Was Never Made.



III. PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S POLICY 185-200

Installation of Andrew Johnson His Characteristics Intimations of a Rigorous
Policy Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon The Wounded Seward and Preston
King Seward's Speedy Recovery and Remarkable Energy He Dominates
the President Seward and Johnson's Plan of Restoration Provisional Governors
Governor Holden of North Carolina Judge Sharkey of Mississippi The Reor-
ganization of the Southern States They Accept the Terms, but Disregard Them
Legislation Hostile to the Negroes Course Pursued in Mississippi, Georgia, Ala-
bama, Texas, South Carolina, and Florida The Two Virginias Creation of the
State of West Virginia Joint Committee on Reconstruction Failure of the Lincoln
Plan of Restoration Attempts to Re-enslave the Blacks Secretary Seward's Dis-
appointment.



IV. THE CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT ..... 201-220

Meeting of the Thirty-ninth Congress Dissatisfaction with the President's Policy
Thaddeus Stevens Charles Sumner Their Leadership New Men in the Two
Houses Delegations from the Southern States Mr. Stevens's Theory Henry J.
Raymond, the Champion of the Administration Hurtful Democratic Support
Shellabarger's Reply to Raymond The Specific Act The Democratic Position
Establishment of the Freedman's Bureau Administration Republicans The Civil
Rights Bill General James H. Lane The Fourteenth Amendment The Tenure
of Office Bill The Reconstruction Acts Riot in New Orleans The Fortieth
Congress Military Government for the South.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

V. IMPEACHMENT 221-233

Character and Acts of President Johnson Cabinet Changes The Philadelphia
Convention of 1866 The Arm-in-Arm Fiasco Mr. Raymond's Last Effort
Northern and Southern Conventions Leaders For and Against the Administration
James Speed Address of the Southern Loyalists " Swinging Around the Cir-
cle " The President's Stump Speeches Soldiers' Convention at Cleveland Sol-
diers' and Seamen's Convention at Pittsburg Efforts at Impeachment in Congress
Removal of Secretary Stanton The President Impeached by the House of
Representatives Tried by the Senate The Managers on Behalf of the House
The Counsel for the President Impeachment Fails A Mistaken Remedy.

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH ..... 234-243

Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution Reconstruction Act of the Thirty-
ninth Congress Supplementary Reconstruction Act of the Fortieth Congress
Supplementary Reconstruction Act of July 19, 1867 Amendatory Reconstruction
Act of March 11, 1868.



THE PEKIOD OF RESTORATION.

I. THE GRANT AND COLFAX CAMPAIGN 244-257

Fourth Republican National Convention General Grant Grant and Johnson
Organization of the Chicago Convention Sickles and Hawley The Platform of
1868 General Logan Contest for the Vice-Presidency Wade and Colfax
Popularity of Schuyler Colfax Tender of the Nominations Democratic National
Convention Pendleton Chief Justice Chase The Intrigues Nomination of
Horatio Seymour Frank P. Blair, Jr., for Vice-President The Campaign
Analysis of the Result The Electoral Count Louisiana The Fifteenth Amend-
ment Inauguration of President Grant.

II. THE PUBLIC CREDIT 258-270

War Finance and Currency The Demand Notes Suspension of Specie Pay-
ments Measures of Relief The Legal Tenders Elbridge G. Spaulding The
Democratic Contention Republicans Opposed to the Measure Popularity of the
Greenbacks Value of the Legal Tender Notes to the Government Fluctuations
in Gold The National Banking System Constitutionality of the Legal Tender Acts
Payment of the National Debt in Coin Secretary McCulloch Secretary Boutwell
Efforts at Funding the National Debt Panic of 1873 The Greenback Craze
Failure of Congress to Afford Relief Election of a Democratic House of Repre-
sentatives The Resumption Act of 1875 Demonetization of Silver.

III. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES . . . 271-282

Unfriendliness of Europe During the Civil War England's Hostility The
Trent Affair English and French Neutrality Mr. Dayton's Indignant Protest
Recognition of the Southern Confederacy Ocean Belligerency Failure of the
Johnson-Clarendon Treaty President Grant's Recommendations Hamilton Fish
The Joint High Commission Treaty of Washington Settlement of Pending
Difficulties with Great Britain Purchase of Alaska Opposition to the Treaty in
the House The United States and Russia Treaty for the Annexation of San Do-
mingo -Mr. Sumner's Hostility to the Treaty Sumner and Grant Reactionary
Influences of the Period.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

IV. THE SOUTH FIRST DECADE AFTER THE WAR . . . 283-296

Georgia Repudiates the Fifteenth Amendment Consequent Action of Congress
Outrages in the South Origin of the Ku-Klux Klan Mr. Cox on the Ku-Klux
Strength of the Organization Ku-Klux Outrages in North Carolina Condition
of South Carolina Disorders in Georgia and Alabama Outrages in Mississippi
Condition of the South in 1874 The Carpet-baggers Judge Black on Carpet-bag
Government His Impeachment Denied Responsibility of the Democratic Party
Legislation of Congress General Amnesty and Civil Rights A Democratic Recog-
nition of Organized Intimidation and Terrorism.

V. THE GRANT AND WILSON CAMPAIGN 296-308

Republican Discontent The Liberal Republican Movement Convention at
Cincinnati Horace Greeley Nominated for President and B. Gratz Brown for Vice-
President Republican National Convention at Philadelphia President Grant Re-
nominated The Opposition to Vice-President Colfax Henry Wilson Nominated
The Republican Platform Democratic National Convention at Baltimore Indorse-
ment of the Cincinnati Ticket and Platform Grant and Greeley The Canvass
Mr. Greeley's Tour Results of the Autumn Elections Greeley's Overwhelming
Defeat -His Death The Electoral Count.

VI. Six YEARS OF CONGRESS ' 309-318

Organization of the Forty-first Congress Conspicuous Members Mr. Blaine,
Speaker of the House Repeal of the Tenure of Office Act Change in the Govern-
ment of the District of Columbia New Members of the Forty-second Congress
The Salary Grab Credit Mobilier Scandal The Exposure and its Consequences
Eminent Men Implicated Senate and House in the Forty-third Congress Death
of Charles Sumner Two Epochs Contrasted.

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH 319-326

Republican Platform of 1872 Liberal Republican Platform, 1872 Supple-
mentary Civil Rights Bill.



THE PERIOD OF REACTION.

I. REVOLUTION IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES . . . 327-333

The Forty-fourth Congress Michael C. Kerr, Speaker Noteworthy Changes in
Both Houses Failure of the Amnesty Bill Andrew Johnson Again in the Senate
New Members in the Forty-fifth Congress Failure of the Army Appropriation Bill
in the Forty-fourth Congress The Use of Troops at the Polls Coinage of the
Silver Dollar Organization of the Forty-sixth Congress Changes in the Senate
and House of Representatives A Powerless Democratic Majority.

II. THE HAYES AND WHEELER CAMPAIGN 334-346

Incipient Movement for a Third Term for General Grant Possible Republican
Candidates for President Mr. Blaine The Mulligan Letters Senator Morgan
Secretary Bristow and the Whisky Ring Organization of the Republican National
Convention of 1876 The Platform Nominations and the Ballots Rutherford B.
Hayes Nominated William A. Wheeler for Vice-President Rise of Samuel J.
Tilden His Methods and Nomination The Campaign Doubtful Results of the
Elections.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

III. THE ELECTORAL COUNT 347-364

The Disputed States Visiting Statesmen Opinions on the Mode of Counting
the Electoral Vote Committees Appointed by the House and Senate Electoral
Commission Bill Processes that Led to an Agreement Plans of the House Com-
mittee Justice Davis Obstacles in the Way of an Agreement The Senate Plan
A Commission not a Tribunal All Plans Hinge on the Question of Justice Davis's
Bias The Plan Agreed Upon- The Commission Constituted and Organized The
Count Begun The Florida Case Heard The Cases of Louisiana, Oregon, and
South Carolina- The Cipher Dispatches and Attempt at Bribery.



IV. ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT HAYES ..... 365-374

The Cabinet Secretary Sherman and Resumption Civil Service Reform
Early Appointments and Removals The Spoils System Thomas A. Jencks, the
Pioneer Civil-service Reformer The Commission of 1871 Competitive Examina-
tions Introduced Restriction of Chinese Immigration Propositions Affecting the
Election of President and Vice-President and the Method of Counting the Electoral
Votes Rule Adopted in 1881.



V. THE GARFIELD AND ARTHUR CAMPAIGN 375-392

Polititical Rivalries in 1880 General Grant a Candidate for a Third Term
The Delegates to the Republican National Convention The Unit Rule in the
Republican National Committee Chairman Cameron's Arbitrary Ruling Opening
of the Convention Chairman Cameron's Speed) Senator Hoar Presides Rules
Against the Unit Rule Lively Parliamentary Contests Mr. Conkling's Mischievous
Resolution The Contested Seats District Representation Adopted The Platform
The Nominating Speeches Roscoe Conkling Nominates General Grant General
Garfield's Speech Nominating John Sherman The Ballots Garfield Nominated
Chester A. Arthur for Vice-President The Candidates General Hancock Nomi-
nated by the Democrats The Campaign Restilts of the Elections.



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH ..... 393-407

Republican Platform of 1876 Democratic Platform of 1876 Republican Plat-
form of 1880 National (Greenback) Platform, 1880 Democratic Platform of

1880.



THE PERIOD OF DEFEAT AND RECOVERY.
I. THE REPUBLICAN FEUDS OF 1881-2 408-419

Appointment of Collector Robertson Resignation of Senators Conkling and Platt
Long Contest in the New York Legislature The Senators Defeated Assassina-
tion of President Garfield A Stalwart of the Stalwarts Comments of the News-
papers Republican Feud in Pennsylvania -Revolt of 1882 Cleveland and
Folger Contest in New York Discontent in Other States Causes of Republican
Reverses Mahone Movement in Virginia President Arthur's Cabinet A Success-
ful Administration.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

II. PEESIDENT ARTHUR'S ADMINISTRATION 420-428

Cause of Hill's Attack on Mahone The Struggle for the Control of the Senate
Changes in the Forty-seventh Congress Both Houses Republican Legislation
The Interstate Commerce Commission Passage of the Penclletou Civil-service
Reform Bill Tariff of 1883 Report of the Tariff Commission Changes in Tariff
Rates Efforts to Pass the Morrison Tariff Bill Changes in the Forty-eighth
Congress Waiting for the Presidential Campaign Congress and Parties Adrift.

III. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1884 429-445

General Benjamin F. Butler the First Candidate Nominated In Favor of Green-
backs and Against Monopoly Butler's Arraignment of the Old Parties Potency
of Populistic Theories Arthur and Blaine as Presidential Candidates The Repub-
lican National Convention A Great Threshing Machine Claims of the Arthur
and Blaine Delegates Opening of the Convention Contest for Temporary Chair-
man Graphic Description of the Scene Causes of the Contest General Hender-
son Permanent President Changes in the Rules The Platform The Nominating
Speeches Judge West's Speech Arthur Named The Ballots Blaine Nominated
How Maine Received the News General Logan for Vice President Cleveland
and Hendricks Nominated by the Democrats "Tell the Truth" The Campaign
Causes of Blaine's Defeat.

IV. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND'S ADMINISTRATION .... 446-458

An Inexperienced Executive The Cabinet The Forty-ninth Congress President
Cleveland's Vetoes Interstate Commerce Commission The White House Wed-
ding An Accomplished " Master of Ceremonies " Fiftieth Congress Tariff Re-
vision President Cleveland's Tariff Message Effect of the Message The Mills
Tariff Bill Protection or Free Trade Becomes the Dominating Issue.

V. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1888 459-468

The Democrats Take the Lead Democratic National Convention at St. Louis
The Republican Party " Struggling for Life " Eulogies of President Cleveland
Irish Flattery Nominating Speech of Daniel Dougherty Taxation is Robbery
Cleveland Renominated by Acclamation The Democratic Platform Allen G.
Thurman for Vice-President Republican National Convention at Chicago The
Presidential Candidates Organization of the Convention The Platform Ballot-
ing Analysis of the Voting Depew Withdraws McKinley's Protest Blaine's
Telegrams Read Benjamin Harrison Nominated Levi P. Morton for Vice-Presi-
dent The Candidates Democratic View of the Campaign Elements of Discontent
General Harrison's Election.

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH ..... 469-486

Republican Platform of 1884 Democratic Platform of 1884 Republican Plat-
form, 1888 Democratic Platform, 1888.



THE PEIIIOD OF DISCONTENT.
I. PRESIDENT HARRISON'S ADMINISTRATION ..... 487-498

The Fifty-first Congress Thomas B. Reed Coinage Act of 1890 Bland Silver
Coinage Act of 1878 The Purchase of Silver Me Kinley Tariff Act of 1890
William McKinley Features of the McKinley Tariff Reciprocity International
Conference of 1889 Act of 1890 Reaction The Fifty-second Congress Bland
Free Coinage Bill A Do-nothing Congress.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

II. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1892 499-508

Republican National Convention at Minneapolis The Candidates Platform
Opposition to Harrison Mr. Elaine's Candidature Dramatic Scene in the Conven-
tion The Ballot Harrison Nominated Attempt to Stampede the Convention
Whitelaw Reid Nominated for Vice-President Democratic National Convention
Grover Cleveland the Favorite A Virulent and Bitter Platform The Presidential
Candidates Cleveland Nominated Adlai E. Stevenson for Vice-President The
People's or Populist Party An Aggressive Campaign Republican Measures
Assailed Result of the Election A Democratic Triumph.

III. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND'S SECOND ADMINISTRATION . . 509-527

Effects of Mr. Cleveland's Election The Fifty-third Congress President Cleve-
land on the Financial Disorders Repeal of the Silver Purchasing Act The Oppo-
sition to Repeal A Battle for Free Silver Coinage of the Seigniorage Wilson
Tariff Bill -Committee on Ways and Means A Disappointing Measure Income
Tax Feature Change in the Rules of the House The Wilson Bill in the Senate
Amendments Arguments Against the Income Tax Sugar Trust Scandal The
Tariff Bill in Conference President Cleveland's Remarkable Letter Indignant
Response of Mr. Gorman The Bill as Passed a Humiliating Surrender The
President Allows it to Become a Law Another Letter Repeal of Reciprocity
Reaction -The Fifty-fourth Congress Failures of the New Tariff Condition of
the Treasury.

IV. THE CAMPAIGN OF 1896 528-539

Free Coinage of Silver a Party Menace Bolt of Free Silver Prohibitionists
Popularity of William McKinley Republican National Convention at St. Louis-
Opposition to McKinley The Platform Mr. Foraker's Nominating Speech The
Ballot Analysis of the Vote The Gold Plank Garret A. Hobart for Vice-Presi-
dent Democratic National Convention Silver Men Reject Hill for Temporary
Chairman Senator Daniel Chosen Contest Over the Platform Free Silver
Triumphs Mr. Bryan's Speech Candidates The Ballots Bryan and Sewall
Nominated The Campaign Mr. McKinley at Canton Bryan's Tours and
Speeches The Candidates Contrasted Mark Hanna Democratic and Populist
Fusion Result of the Elections.

V. OPENING OF A NEW EPOCH ....... 540-547

The Fifty-fifth Congress Quick Passage of the Dingley Tariff Act Changes
in the Duties Legislation of the Extraordinary Session of Congress Annexation
of Hawaii The Cuban Question Insurrections in Cuba Revolution of 1895-98
American Sympathy with the Cubans The Case of the Competitor President
Cleveland's Attitude The Question of Belligerency Resolutions in the Fifty-
fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses President McKinley's Course Destrviction of the
Maine War With Spain Beginning of a New Epoch.

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE EPOCH 548-565

Republican Platform of 1892 Democratic Platform of 1892 Demands of the
Populists, 1892 Republican Platform of 1896 Democratic Platform of 1896.



LIST OF STEEL ENGRAVINGS.

PAGE

John C. Fremont Frontispiece

Abraham Lincoln Facing 49

Lincoln's Cabinet " 98

Group of War Governors " 107

Salmon P. Chase " 130

William H. Seward " 188

Edwin M. Stanton " 221

U. S. Grant " 244

Horace Greeley " 297

Benjamin Harrison " 459

William McKinley '. " 528

ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT.

Portrait of Robert C. Winthrop , 4

" Thomas H. Benton 5

" Millard Fillmore 8

" Archibald Dixon 10

" Sam Houston 12

" General Nathaniel P. Banks 13

" Eli Thayer 15

" Andrew H. Reeder 16

" James Buchanan 19

Portrait Medal of John C. Fremont 21 v

Portrait of William L. Dayton 22'

Fremont Medals, 1856 24

Portrait of Charles Sumner 26

" Roger B. Taney 34

" General John W. Geary 36

" Stephen A. Douglas 38

" Abraham Lincoln 39

" Robert J. Walker 42

" John Brown 43

View of Harper's Ferry 44

Portrait of John Sherman 47



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE.

^." Portrait of Caleb dishing; 49

JJ " William H. Seward 52

" Thurlow Weed 54

The Kepublican Wigwam, 1860 55

Portrait of Joshua K. Giddings 57

Lincoln's Birthplace 62

Portrait of Hannibal Hamlin 63

" William M. Evarts 67

" E. D. Morgan 68

Campaign Medals, 1860 70

Hartford Wide- Awakes 71

Portrait of Andrew G. Curtin 72

" Jeremiah S. Black 87

" John J. Crittenden 89

" John C. Breckinridge 96

" Charles Francis Adams 99

" N. B. Judd 101

" Benj. F. Wade 102

" Salmon P. Chase 104

" Simon Cameron 105

" Lyman Trumbull 105

" Thaddeus Stevens 106

" John A. Andrew 108

" General M. C. Meigs 112

" Horace Greeley 117

" C. L. Vallandigham 122

" Samuel C. Pomeroy 131

u General Benjamin F. Butler 134

" Andrew Johnson 136

General U. S. Grant 138

" Daniel S. Dickinson 142

" Horatio Seymour 145

" George N. Sanders 147

" General George B. McClellan 150

" Admiral D. G. Farragut 152

" Montgomery Blair 152

" Schuyler Colfax 161

" Henry Winter Davis 162

" General Kobert C. Schenck 163

" E. B. W^ashburne 164

" General J. A. Garfield 164

" General John B. Henderson 165

" James M. Ashley 168



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE.

Portrait of Samuel S. Cox 170

" George S. Boutwell Ill

" Francis P. Blair 177

" General W. T. Sherman 179

" Abraham Lincoln 181

" William W. Holden 191

" General J. M. Schofield 193

" William L. Sharkey 193

" General James Longstreet 198



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