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resentative citizens of his native county, where
he has well upheld the high standard of the
honored name which he hears. He has his
offices at his attractive residence, at No. 464
^^'est King street, and they are acknowledged
to be unsurpassed in complete appointments by
any in the city. In politics the Doctor is a stal-
wart Republican, and both he and his wife are
valued members of the First Methodist Epis-
copal Church of York. Fraternally he is affil-
iated with York Lodge, No. 266, A. F. & A.
M. ; with York Lodge, No. 124, Improved Or-
der of Heptasophs, and the Noble Command-
ery. Knights of Malta, No. 360.

On Dec. 26, 1889, Dr. Bressler was. united
in marriage to Miss Mary J. Smyser, who was
born and reared in York, where her father, the
late George E. Sm3^ser, .was for many years
prominently engaged in the coal business. Of
the four children of this union Juliette and one
other died in infancy; Wilbur ■ Huston and
Clarke. Smyser are both pupils in the public

WILLIAM H. STARE, of York Haven,
a survivor of the Civil war, was born in Cone-
wago township, York county, in 1845, son of
John and Anna (Bull) Stare. Little is known
of the great-grandfather of William H. Stare,
except that he came fi;om Germany and settled
in Conewago township. His son, John, was
born there, being a farmer all his life and the
father of children : Jacob, Henry, John, Mrs.
Westhaffer, Mrs. Spahr, Mrs. Updegraff and
Mrs. Andrew Free.

John Stare, the father of William H., was
born in 181 7 in Conewago township and re-
ceived a common-school education. He learned
the carpenter's trade and followed it for a num-
ber of years. His marriage was to Anna Bull,
daughter of Elijah and Lydia (Conn; Bull.
After his marriage Mr. Stare located in Cone-
wago township, and was a farmer there for
a few years prior to going to Dauphin county,
near Hummelstown, where he died in 1900,
and was buried at Chamber Hill, Dauphin
county. His widow is now residing with her
son, William H. The children born to John
and Anna Stare were : Elias died in Cumber-
land county : William H. ; John resides at Steel-
ton, Dauphin county ; Daniel resides in Dau-
phin county ; Lydia Ann married John Eshe^
nour, and lives in Dauphin county, and Emma
married Adam Eshenour, and lives in Dau-
phin county.


William H. Stare attended the Sipe school
in Conewago township, until the age of eigh-
teen, when he engaged in farming and butcher-
ing in Lower Allen township, Cumberland
county, and Warrington township, York coun-
ty. In 1896 he located in York Haven, where
he built a line residence, and has since lived a
retired life. In 1864 Mr. Stare enlisted in
Company I, 200th Reg. P. V. I., and saw ac-
tive service in the battle of Fort Steadman and
several minor engagements. During that
period Mr. Stare lost his hearing from expos-
ure to the weather while at Petersburg, Ya.,
his term of service lasting nine months.

In 1866 Mr. Stare married Anna Jane
Hoopes, daughter of Daniel and Mary (Nich-
olas) Hoopes, and these children have been
born to them : Harry, a carpenter, married
Elizabeth Crone; AVilliam is single and resides
in Dauphin county; Annie married Daniel -
Switzer, and resides at York Haven ; Alda mar- '^
ried Albert Laird and lives in Dover township; "
Albert is a miller by trade; Nora married
Jacob Kunkle and lives at York Haven; and
David married Nettie Clemmins, and resides at
York Haven. The Stare family are connected
with the Lutheran Church, of which they are
active and liberal supporters. Mr. Stare is a
Republican, and has held the offices of council-
man and supervisor of the borough of York
Haven. He is well known and popular through-
out the county.

HENRY KURTZ belongs to one of the
old and prominent families of York county,
and is the owner of Spring- Valley Farm in
Hopewell township.

Martin Kurtz, his grandfather, left Ger-
many at the age of seventeen 3'ears and emi-
grated to America, coming eventually to York
county. Pa. It is supposed that he took up
land in the vicinity of what is now Anstine's
bone-mill (which, in his day, was a good grind-
ing mill), and this he owned and operated for
many years; but it finally went into other
hands. There he died about 1836, aged prob-
ably sevei)ty-eight years. He was not an en-
listed soldier in 1776, but drove a team with
supplies for the troops and looked after the
wagon trains, this being a most necessary part
of the military equipment. He was a stanch
Democrat in his political sentiments, and
equally as loyal a Lutheran in his religious
views. He married Widow Shinlever, who
had one son, Charles, the latter migrating to


the West and dying- there. He assisted in the
building of the Sadler's church, and both he
and wife were buried within its shadows. His
children were : Joshua, who died in Ohio ;
Christopher, who married a Miss Lowe, and
died in Western Ohio; Elizabeth, Mrs. George
Ebaugh, who died in the West; and Michael,
father of Henry.

Michael Kurtz was born in 1785, on his
father's farm in Shrewsbury township, and
was employed from boyhood on the homestead
and in the mill. He was educated in the best
local schools of his day and mastered the rudi-
ments in both English and German. In the
course of time he accjuired the home farm and
continued to conduct it during his active life,
when he and his wife went to reside with their
son Levi on an adjoining farm, and there the
father died in 1870, being survived by his
widow until her age approached ninety years.
They were both buried at the Shrewsbury cem-
etery. It is interesting to note that Michael
Kurtz assisted to burn the bricks used in the
erection of Sadler's church. Both parents
were worthy members of the Lutheran Church,
and the father was an elder in it for years.
In politics a Democrat, he frequently was
elected to township offices. The children of
Michael Kurtz and wife, were : Christiana,
who died at the age of thirteen years ; Eliza-
beth, who married J. R. McDonald, of Mary-
land, and died aged twenty-eight years ; Mar-
tin, who married (first) Catherine Reed, and
(second) Ellen Meads, and died at his home
in Jarrettsville, Md., where he was an under-
taker ; John, who married Leah Anstine, and
died on his farm in Hopewell township ; Levi,
who married Mary Fulton, and died on his
farm in Shrewsbury township; Lydia, widow
of Samuel M. Fife, living in Shrewsbury bor-
ough ; Joshua, who died young ; one that died
in infancy; Henry; and William, of Stewarts-
town, who married (first) Elmira Meads,
(second) Sarah Hendricks and (third) Mar-
garet Meads.

Henry Kurtz was born March 23, 1836,
on the home farm in Shrewsbury township
where he reached manhood. He attended
the winter terms of the public schools irregu-
larly until he was eighteen years old and then
spent some time at Stewartstown Academy,
making the most of his advantages. He re-
mained with his parents until he was twenty-
three vears of age, when he married, and nat-

urally commenced a more independent career.
When twenty-one he had learned the carpen-
ter's trade, which he pursued for some years.
He had a natural aptitude for using tools and
he readily acquired a knowledge of making
pumps, successfully carrying on the latter in-
dustry for thirty-five years. Although he had
never systematically learned the business, he
manufactured more pumps than any man in
this section. The whole family was more or
less gifted mechanically, and his father was
always able to fashion anything in wood that
he ever saw.

Henry Kurtz was married, April 23, 1859,
to Sarah Jane Fulton, who was born in Hope-
well township and partly reared in Stewarts-
town, daughter of Hugh and Jane (Criswell)
Fulton, and a member of an old Scotch-Irish
family. Mr. and Mrs. Kurtz commenced
housekeeping at Stewartstown, where he fol-
lowed the occupation of a carpenter. In 1865
he bought his present farm, removing to Hope-
well township and commencing the manufact-
ure of pumps ; but for the past few years he has
been devoting more of his time to his farm.
Mrs. Kurtz died May 30, 1878. She was a
consistent member of the Presbyterian Church
all her life, and was buried at Stewartstown in
the cemetery of the house of worship where
^he was so well known. She was the mother
of children,' as follows : Liilie Jane is
Mrs. A. J. Morrison of York; George H., in
the commission business in Baltimore, married
Emma Wheeler; Mary Agnes is Mrs. Gus-
tave Klinert of York; Rose Ann Fulton and
Emma are living at home; John Hugh Martin,
of Stewartstown, married Jennie Free; and
Ralph R., a merchant of Baltimore, married
Annie Rundle.

Mr. Kurtz was reared in the Lutherai
Church, but after marriage he united witi: liie
Stewartstown Presbyterian Church, of which
for twelve years he has been a trustee. He is
a stanch Democrat.

1802, in Smyrna, Del., died July 21, 1884, in
York, Pa. His first wife. Miss Sarah Heckert,
whom he married in York, was born July 4,
1808, and died Oct. 30, 1828, leaving one
child, George W., now deceased. He mar-
ried (second) Theresa Margaret Harry,
daughter of James B. Harry, of York ; she was
born July 22, 181 7, and died Sept. 15, 1881.



To this union -were born ten children : ]\Iary
E., Annie L., Theresa M., Jimmie, Sarah E.,
M. Jane, Joseph P., Melinda, OHver P. and

Oliver P. Truett was born in York July
12, 1856, and died in his native city Feb. 16,
1888. He was a machinist by trade, but fol-
lowed railroading, and at the time of his death
was a fireman running from Harrisburg to
Altoona. On Jan. 11, 1877, he married Sarah
Evangel'ine Bowman, daughter of Emanuel
Walter Bowman. She was born March 20,
1858, in Upper Allen township, Cumberland
county, and died Dec. i, 1889. To them were
born : James Benton, Emma Aletia, Thursa
Margaret, Emanuel Walter and Bowman Har-
rison. Mr. Truett belonged to the Methodist

Emanuel Walter Bowman, the son of
George Bowman, was born Aug', i, 1830, in
Springfield township, and his death occurred
May 26, 1904, in York. On April 30, 1854,
he married Margaret Myers, daughter of Peter
Myers, of Menallen township, Adams county.
She was born June 9, 1836, and died Jan. 23,
1902, the mother of one child — Sarah Evan-
geline, who, as stated, married Oliver P.
Truett. Mr. Bowman was a miller by trade,
grinding at Seven Valley, York county. In
1856 he removed to Coover's Mills, situated on
the Yellow Breeches, near the Jine between
Cumberland and York counties, and not far
from Grantham Station on the Reading rail-
road. From Coover's Mills he, removed to
Trout Run and began butchering, and at the
end of two years thus employed located at
Cameron's Mill, near Harrisburg. Here he
operated a mill until Aug. 25, 1864, when he
enlisted as a private in Captain John Klugh's
Company "I," 209th Reg., P. V. I., with which
regiment he served tmtil the close of the war,
taking an active part in many of its most seri-
ous engagements, such as Petersburg, Gettys-
burg and Vicksburg. He was honorably dis-
charged at Alexandria, Va., May 31, 1865.
Soon afterward he located in York, and
worked in the car shops, later driving a team
for P. A. & S. Small. About 1879 ^le embarked
in the coal business at the corner of Chestnut
street and the Peach Bottom railroad, and from
there he removed to Charles Lefean's yard at
the Princess street bridge. This Ijusiness was
originally established by John Myers, whom
Charles Lafean and E. W. Bowman succeeded.

the latter in 1886. On June 12, 1891, Mr.
Bowman purchased a tract of land on East
Walnut street, at the corner of the Maryland
& Pennsylvania railroad. Here he erected the
necessary buildings for the continuation of the
business, which he conducted at that location
with great success. Eighteen months before
his death he sold the business to J. C. Grove.
Mr. Bowman was a member of the Lutheran
Church. He was survived by his daughter's
three children, whom he had adopted after
their parents" death. Bowman H. Truett is an
apprentice in the United States Navy. Emma
Aletia, now Mrs. P. C. Dix, is living in Bal-
timore, Maryland.

On April 14, 1900, James Benton Truett,
son of Oliver P., married Miss Jennice Luella
Gladfelter, born near Seven Valley, Nov. 16,
1878, daughter of Wesley Gladfelter, of York;
they have two children : James Henry, born
July 18. 1904: and Mary Viola, Sept. 29, 1905.
James B. Truett received a common school edu-
cation, and at the age of fourteen commenced
to learn the machinist's trade, which he finished
in four years with S. Morgan Smith & Co. On
Sept. 17, 1896, he enlisted as a private in
Troop E, 6th United States Cavalry, at 1-ort
Meyer, Va. On April 19, 1898, the regiment
was ordered to proceed by rail to Chickamauga
Park, Ga., where it was placed in the First
Brigade, First Cavalry Division, Fifth Army
Corps, General Shaffer commanding. On May
II, 1898, the brigade proceeded by rail to
Tampa, Fla., thence to Port Tampa, June 8,
1898. Here the entire corps assembled and
went aboard transports, his regiment being as
signed to the "Rio Grande." After loacHng
provisions they were ordered to anchor in
Tampa bay, 'and on June 14, 1898, the entire
fleet set sail for Cuba, arriving at Santiago
June 20, 1898, and landing under fire on the
22nd of June, at Daiguiri, a village about
twenty-five miles east of Santiago. The prin-
cipal battle of the expedition was San Juan,
commonly known as the battle of Santiago, and
it lasted from July i, to July 3, at noon.
Among the hard fights were El Caney, Kettle
Hill and Hell's Crossing, with the final taking
of San Juan Hill, with its block houses. On
July 10 and 11 the bombardment of the city
of Santiago took place, and on the 14th the city
was surrendered by General Linares. The offi-
cial ceremonies were not performed until the
17th of July, however, so that is the date usu-



ally given as the date of surrender. On Aug.
6, 1898, Mr. Truett's regiment sailed on the
transport "Gate City" for the "States," arriv-
ing at Montauk Point, L. I., Aug. 13, 1898,
and was honorably discharged Sept. 14, 1898.
From November, 1898, to December, 1900,
Mr. Truett assisted his grandfather, E. W.
Bowman, in the coal business, and then ac-
cepted an appointment in the civil service as a
letter carrier, at which occupation he is now
engaged in York. Mr. Truett is a member of
the Lutheran Church.

PERCY L. LANIUS (deceased) was a
son of Capt. William H. Lanius, one of York's
most influential bankers and citizens, and was
born in the family homestead, on East Market
street, York, May 17, 1872. After completing
the course of study in the public schools, he
continued his studies in the York County
Academy and later in the York Collegiate In-
stitute, after which he was for three terms a
student in the Selwyn Hall Military Acad-
emy, later pursuing a course in Prickett's Busi-
ness College, Philadelphia. After pursuing
these educational courses Mr. Lanius entered
the offices of the York Street Railway Com-
pany, of which for a time he was assistant
treasurer. In 1894 he became associated with
his father in the coal and lumber business,
under the firm name of H. Lanius & Son, the
enterprise having been carried on under this
style for many years previously. It had been
established b}' Henry Lanius, grandfather of
Percy L. Lanius, who retired in 1870, passing
the remainder of his long and useful life in the
city with whose civic and business interests he
had been so long and prominently concerned.
To the business thus founded Percy L. Lanius
gave his able personal attention, and at the time
of his death it was one of the most important
enterprises of the. kind in the city. Both as an
executive and as a progressive young business
man he was held in high 'regard in his native
city, while his popularity in its social life was
of the most unequivocal order. In politics he
was an inflexible Republican, and both he and
his wife were communicants of St. John's
Episcopal Church. In a fraternal way he was
affiliated with the Knights of Malta, the Be-
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the
Sons of Veterans.

The marriage of Mr. Lanius was solem-
nized Sept. 2, 1896, when Miss Margaret E.
Stuck became his \\ife. She was born and

reared in York, daughter of Edward Stuck, a
well known retired newspaper man of that city.
Mr. Lanius died on Oct. 7, 1905, his death
being occasioned by uraemic poisoning. Thus
passed away, at the height of his abilities, a
young man who had already made a splendid
record, which, in view of his years, can be con- .
sidered only as an intimation of what might
have beeri. He was survived by his widow and
their two children — Margaret and William
Henry Lanius.

born Dec. 4, 1854, on the farm in Hopewell
township, York county, which he now owns
and upon which he has spent his life. He
is a brother of Alexander Collins, a banker of
Shrewsbury township, York county.

Mr. Collins was educated in the local
schools and at the Stewartstown Academy,
where his first teacher was Miss Anderson.
His school days closed when he was twenty-
two years old. His father was a practical man
and put his boys to work as soon as they were
old enough to do "chores" or handle a hoe, and
thus Samuel became a thorough farmer while
still a young man. After the death of his
father, in 1895, he took charge of the home
farm, which he has since continued to operate.
The buildings on the farm were remodeled by
Mr. Collins the elder, but the son has made
continuous improvements, the result being that
the tract constitutes one of the most substan-
tial and attractive homesteads in the township.
It contains 198 acres of fine land, from which,
in 1903, were raised one thousand bushels of
wheat, seven hundred bushels of oats, and
other grains and crops in proportion.

Mr. Collins is a member of the Hopewell
U. P. Church in East Hopewell township and
has served as trustee. In politics he is a Re-
publican. In March, 1891, Mr. Collins was
married in Chanceford township to Amy Janet
Wallace, of High Rock, daughter of John and
Millie Ann (Gibson) Wallace, both of whom
are deceased. Children as follows have been
born to this union : Cornelius \\'allace, born
iMarch 9, 1892; Florence Elizabeth. Nov. 15,
1895 • ''"'^1 ^lary Delmar and Ralph Gordon
(twins), Jan. 4, 1900. Mrs. Collins is also a
member of the U. P. Church.

ARTHUR E. ZIEGLER, for many years
prominently identified Avith various business
enterprises in York, passed away at his home



in that city Dec. 15, 1898. He was born in
York in iS'48, son of Emanuel K. Ziegler. His
grandfather was born in Hanover, Germany,
April 8, 1765, and on his emigration to Amer-
ica settled in Hanover, Pa., where he died Feb.
12, i860, aged ninety-four years, ten months
'and four days.

Emanuel K. Ziegler was born May 10,
1807, and was a coppersmith by trade, follow-
ing that occupation in Hanover. He later went
to Baltimore, returning, however, to York,
where he engaged in the coal and lumber busi-
ness, the firm being known as \Veisler &
Ziegler. For a number of years he was a di-
rector of the York National Bank and the
York Water & Gas Co. He was a member
of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, in which he
took an active part. He died in December,
1901, in his ninety-fifth year, and was buried
in Prospect Hill cemetery.

Arthur E. Ziegler attended the common
schools and the York County Academy, and.
learned the baker's trade. He worked at this
occupation in different parts of the State for
a time, in 1884 returning to York, where he
engaged in the Patent Roof Paint business.
This he discontinued, however, to engage in
baking, in which he continued until his death,
Dec. 15, 1898. He was a member of St. Paul's
Lutheran Church, in which faith he died, and
was interred at Prospect Hill cemetery.

Mr. Ziegler was united in marriage with
Mary E. Rhodes, who survives him and now
makes her home at No. 529 West Market
street, York. To this marriage were born:
E. C' born Jan. 31, 1872, married Mary Jane
Hubert, daughter of Peter and Eliza Jane
(Rhodes) Hu1)ert, and they live with Mr.
Ziegler's mother in York; he is a baiter and
cigar maker. Harry C, born May 25, 1877,
is in the drug business in Philadelphia ; he
married Sarah Louisa Knight. Martha, was
born April 9, 18—. Walter, born March 25,
1880, died Aug. 31, 1880. William Edward,
born Aug. 16, 1874, died Nov. 3, 1880. Fred,
born Jan. 25, 1884, died May 15, 1884.

JOHN F. BUPP (deceased) was for many
years one of the good citizens and representa-
tive farmers of Springfield township, York
county, where he was born Aug. 3, 1827, son
of John Bupp.

John Bopp (as the name was formerly
spelled) was the grandfather of our subject,

and he was born Nov. 4, 1779, and died Aug.
22, 1862, aged eighty-two years. He was a
large land owner in Spring-field township, and
gave the land for the well-known Bupp's
Church, which is located on the farm now
owned and occupied by the widow of John F.
Bupp. John Bopp's wife, Elizabeth, was born
Oct. 7, 1777, and died Oct. 24, 1862, aged
eighty-five years. Both are buried at Bupp's
Union Church, in Spring-field township.

John Bupp, father of our subject, was born
on the old home in Springfield township, in
1807, ^"d ^^'^s a farmer all his life, following
that occupation in Springfield township. He
died Dec. 28, 1855, aged forty-eight years.
His wife, Barbara Folkenstine, died July 14,
1875, 'iged seventy-two years, and they were
also buried in the family burying ground at
Bupp's Church. Their children were : John
F. ; Leah, of Illinois ; Sarah, of York ; Caroline ;
Henry, deceased; Israel, deceased; Peter, de-
ceased; and Jesse, a resident of Seven Valley.

John F. Bupp received a common-school
education, and followed farming all his life,
being one of the largest land owners of Spring-
field township, having 348 acres of property.
Fie erected a fine barn in 1884, having com-
pleted his home in 1883. He was a member of
the Reformed Church. For three terms he
served his township efficiently as a careful, in-
terested school director. Besides his large
farming- interests, Mr. Bupp was a director in
the First National Bank of Glen Rock, Pa.,
a director in the Codorus & Manheim Fire
Insurance Company, of York county, and had
other interests. Mr. Bupp passed away Aug.
26, 1903, aged seventy-six years, twenty-three
days, and was buried at Bupp's Church, where
a beautiful monument marks his last resting

Mr. Bupp married (first) Maria Allison,
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Reichard)
Allison, and she died Sept. 28, 1863, aged
thirty-four years, five months and twenty-two
days, and was laid to rest at Bupp's Church.
The children of this marriage were : Uriah, of
York; Jacob and George, both deceased;
Emanuel, of Seven Valley ; Amos ; Malinda,
deceased ; Emma, wife of William Broadbeck,
of Jefferson borough ; Jesse and William, in
business at Seven Valley ; Elizabeth and Bar-
bara. On May 2, 1865, Mr. Bupp married
(second) Priscilla Allison, a sister of his first
wife, and she still survives, living in her beau-



tifiil home in Springfield township. The chil-
dren born to Mr. Bupp and his second wife
were : Peter, deceased ; John, deceased ; Ella
M., deceased; Levina, wife of William Wolf,
living at Glen Rock; Taby; and Eli A.

Eli A. Bupp was born Nov. 14, 1874,
on the old home farm, and has always fol-
lowed agricultural pursuits. He married Ida
Sligel, daughter of Levi Sligel, and they have
one son, W. John, who is attending school.
Mr. Bupp is an industrious man, and is well
esteemed in the community.

HEZEKIAH COOK, a retired farmer of
Warrington township, York county, and a
member of an old family, was born Sept. i,
1837, son of Walker and Martha (Gates)
Cook, a grandson of John and Hannah (Wal-
ker) Cook, and a great-grandson of Isaac
Cook, who, it is believed, was born in Phila-

• Isaac Cook's father, the great-great-grand-
father of our subject, was born in Ireland, and
came to America in 1681, settling in Philadel-
phia. He was of a family of linen makers and
weavers, and they followed that calling in Ire-
land and America. In later years, however,
they turned their attention to agriculture.
Isaac Cook settled in Lancaster county, and

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