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In the business and social world alike he com-
mands the respect of all who know him.

JOHN GOCHENAUER, of Washington
township, York county, was born in that town-
ship, July 13, 1825, near the Red Run
Church, three miles from East Berlin, Adams
count}', son of Joseph Gochenauer. His grand-
father was bom in Germany, and emigrated to
America at an early day, settling in York coun-
ty, wdiere he reared his family.

Joseph Gochenauer first followed farming
in Dover township, but later came to Washing-
ton township and bought a farm of 140 acres,
where he farmed for a number of years and
then settled in Reading' to\\'nship, Adams coun-
ty. He spent his last years in retirement on a
small farm there. He married (first) Sarah
Leathery, who died shortly afterward, and he
married (second) Peggy Myers, also deceased.
Her children were: Maria, Susan, Elizabeth
and John.

John Gochenauer attended school in his
boyhood, during the winter seasons, his sum-
mers being spent in assisting his father on the
farm. He farmed for some three years for
his father, and then bought the home place, on
\\'hich he li^'ed for fifteen years when he iDOught
a farm of 212 acres, from Abner Binder, in
Washington township, which he cnntinued, to
operate until 1904. He built there one of the
largest and most substantial barns in the town-
ship, its dimensions being 123 by 55 feet. He
also improved the residence and made every-
thing surrounding- tidy and attractive. The
land is situated along Bermudian Creek and



l^robably is one of the most fertile and pro-
ductive farms of the township.

;\Ir. Gochenaeiir married Lavina Spangler,
daughter of John Spangler. She was born in
A\'arrington township, and died in 1897, and
is tjuried at Red Mount church, in Washington
township. The children of this marriage were :
Daniel died aged forty-three years ; Joseph, a
farmer in Washington township, where our
subject makes his home, married a Miss
Strayer; Jesse went West and is located at St.
Paul, M'rnn. ; Charles is deceased; Susan D. is
the wife of Lewis Bosserman; Elmira (de-
ceased) was the wife of William Wherley; and
Sarah is the wife of David Craul, of York.

In his political views Mr. Gochenauer has
always been a supporter of the Democratic
party. He has shown his interest in educa-
tional n:atters by serving many times as school
director in his township. He is a member of
the Evangelical Church of which he has been
treasurer. Mr. Gochenauer is one of the large
land owners of this locality. He has two farms
in Adams county, one of thirty-four and the
■other of ninety-six acres ; two in Washington
township, aggregating 353 acres, fifty acres of
woodland and 483 acres of cleared land.

JACOB N. BENTZEL, one of the highly
respected citizens of Dover, York county, and
an honored survivor of the Civil war, was born
in 1844 on Col. John Hoff's farm, in York
county, on the Suscjuehanna river, a son of
Daniel H. Bentzel, and a grandson of Henry
Bentzel. Henry Bentzel, the great-grandfather,
was born in York county, near the Bull road,
where his father had located with his brother
David. Henry Bentzel settled in Dover town-
ship, where he was a farmer and distiller, and
also engaged in teaming to Baltimore. He was
owner of the farm on Bull road, and died at
an advanced age. He was interred in Dover
township. His wife was born at sea, of Ger-
man parents. The children of Henry were :
David, Samuel, Phelix, Henry and Barbara.

Henry Bentzel (2), the grandfather, owned
and conducted an excellent farm in Dover
township, where he put up all the substantial
"buildings. Like his father he did a g'reat deal
of teaming to Baltimore, the railroads not hav-
ing yet established their lines through this
section. He married Catherine Naylor, who
was born in Lancaster county. Both the
grandparents of Jacob N. Bentzel died in old

age and were buried at \\'eigelstown, Dover
township. They had children as follows : John
died in West Mianchester and is buried at
\\''eigelstown ; Elizabeth died in Cumberland
county and was buried there ; David died from
an accident, being burned to death while burn-
ing bush near the homestead; Daniel H. was
the father of Jacob N. ; Henry died in Dover
township, and was buried at Neiman's Church ;
Rachel died in Dover township ; Elias died in
West Manchester township, and is buried at
Neiman's Church, Dover township.

Daniel H. Bentzel, the father of Jacob N.,
was born in Dover township, and assisted on
the family farm until he learned the carpen-
ter's trade and cabinetmaking, with John
Frantz, in Manchester township. After master-
ing- these vocations he went to Strinestown,
where he followed them for about twenty years,
removing then to the farm on which Jacob N.
^^•as born. This he operated for about ten years,
and then returned to Dover township ; went
next to, Manchester, and later again located in
Dover township; subsecjuently took possession
of John Thomas's farm, in Manchester town-
ship, and then operated Bentzel's Mill. Finally
he settled in Dover borough, where he built
a comfortable home and followed his trade as
long as he was in active life. After the death
of his wife, about twenty-two years prior to
his own decease, he lived with Jacob N. Bent-
zel. His death took place in 1897, at the age
of eighty-eight years and three months, and
his burial was in the churchyard of the Re-
formed Church, of which he was a worthy
member. In politics he was a Democrat.

Daniel H. Bentzel married Anna Mary
Neff, daughter of Henry Neff, of York, York
county. She died ag"ed sixty-six years, and is
buried at Strayers' Church. They had chil-
dren as follows besides Jacob N. : Catherine,
^^•ho was the wife of Rufus Rhoades, was
killed by a stroke of lightning at the age of
twentA'-two years, and is buried in Manchester
to\\'nship; Anna Mary died young; Henry
married (first) Rebecca Bremer and (second)
Mary Sweitzer, the latter of whom lived in
Baltimore, where he died aged sixty-two
3'ears ; Daniel is a farmer in Dover township,
and married Barbara Miller ; Peter married
Mary Richardson, of Indiana, and lives on the
Pacific coast, an official on a vessel ; ' Susan
married Jacob Meisenhelder, and lives in York.
Jacob N. Bentzel was educated in the pay


schools of Manchester township and W'eigels-
town, Dover township, attending until he was
fourteen years of age, and then assisted his
father on the farm for two and one-half years.
In 1862, although only seventeen years old,
he enlisted for service in the Civil war, enter-
ing Company G, i66th P. V. I., under Capt.
D. L. Spangler, was mustered in at York, and
was sent first with the command to Washing-
ton. Thence the regiment was ordered to
Newport News, Whitehouse and Yorktown,
returning to Washington and Harrisburg,
where our subject was mustered out in July,
1863. In October, 1863, he re-enlisted, in the
Carlisle garrison, and was appointed a sergeant
of cavalry under Capt. Myers. Sergeant Bent-
zel was a very young officer, too young to
undergo the hardships which came his way,
and from which he suffers more or less to the
present time. He participated in all the en-
gagements of his regiment, and is one of the
few men who can tell the true story of "Sheri-
dan's Ride," for he was one of that dashing
troop himself. Of all that gallant body of
brave men few indeed are left. In telling of
the way in which he was wounded so seriously
he says it happended while he was delivering
a dispatch from the gallant Gen. Kilpatrick.
Although he had his horse shot from under
him he delivered the message ; when he re-
turned he asked permission to take off his
shirt, and the wound in his back was found to
be bleeding profusely. Mr. Bentzel has a rec-
ord of surviving seven horses which were shot
beneath him, and he is confident of killing
three of the enemy, on all these occasions being
in such close quarters that he could do nothing
else. He was finallj' mustered out of the serv-
ice, Aug. 16, 1865, at Nashville, Tenn. The
graphic story of the war told by Mr. Bentzel
is very interesting, and only limited space pre-
vents insertion of many facts never before pub-
lished. It is a matter of regret that this bra\'e
soldier has been so crippled from the effects
of his arm}^ service that for the past fifteen
years he has been confined to a chair. A copy
of the following order was presented to him,
but as it came to Washington after Lee's sur-
render, he never received his commission :

May 22, 1865.
To all whom it may concern I this day of May
22. have promoted J. N. Bentzel as first lieutenant on
my staff for bravery all through my campaign.

W. T. Sherm.\n.
. Major General Commanding.

After his army service was completed Viv.
Bentzel returned for a time to his home in
Dover township, and then tra\-eled all over the
\Vest, working at his trade, but later settled in

On Aug. 27, 1871, Mr. Bentzel was united
in marriage with Sarah A. Lenhart, daughter
of John and Margaret (Emig) Lenhart, who
were early settlers in this portion of York
county. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Bentzel
lived for one year in Dover, and then moved
to Mr. Lenhart's farm, which he operated for
thirteen years, then buying a home at Do\-er,
where he was a carpenter and carriagemaker
until he was obliged to retire from acti\'e work.
He has a pleasant home and many friends.
Among his treasures which he kindly displays
to visitors is a sword which was brought to
America by his great-grandfather.

Mr. and Mrs. Bentzel have had these chil-
dren : A child born hx December, 1875, died
the same month; Anna Jane, born Jan. 14,
1877, married Harry Strickler, of York, and
is the mother of two children, Morris (aged
three years) and Margaret; Charles L., born
July 22, 1878, married Annie Hobaugh, and
is living at York, York county, and has one
child, Marion H., aged two years; Harry L.,
born Oct. 29, 1880. who lives at Green Ridge,
married Florence Bear, and they are the par-
ents of two children, Evelyn and Hazel. Mr.
Bentzel takes great comfort in his little grand-
children. In politics he is a Democrat. ]ilrs.
Bentzel is a member of the Reformed Church.


younger son of the well-known and highlv re-
spected Weller family of Wrights\'ille, and for
several years prior to his decease was in part-
nership with D. S. Detwiler in the cigar manu-
facturing business.

Mr. Weller was born in Wrightsville Oct.
13, 1856, and attended school there until he
was twelve years old. The early death of the
father, which occurred when John Robert was
only six years of age, made it necessary for the
son to begin work early in life. He was only
ten when he went into the saddlery shop of
Daniel Rudy, as helper. There he worked sev-
eral seasons, g'oing to school in the winter.
When he was fourteen he began doing piece
work in the cigar box factory of Zorbaugh &
Duden, his wages averaging four or five dol-
lars a month and board. At sixteen he entered
the cigar manufactory of Thompson Brothers,



of Wrightsville, where he remained a year, and
he next went into the estabhshment of Kocher
& Weber (now S. R. Kocher). where he fin-
ished learning his trade, afterward remaining
with the firm a number of years. Until he was
twenty-one all of his earnings went to his
mother. In January, 1886, he was sent to
Florida, by the firm of Kocher & Beidler, as
manager of an orange plantation. He cleared
the new land, set out trees, and remained in
charge six months, when he returned to
Wrightsville and went into the cigar factory
of S. R. Kocher, first as packer, and then as
traveling salesman. About the year i838 he
left Mr. Kocher and entered the employ of
Weller & Alunich, the senior partner of this
firm being his elder brother. When he had
been with the firm a short time his brother
bought out his partner's interest and took John
Robert as partner. This arrangement contin-
ued until 1894, when Mr. Weller was offered
the position of foreman in the tobacco factory
of D. S. Detwiler. He accepted this oft'er and
was with that house ever after, becoming a
partner in the concern in January, 1900, and
continuing as such until his death, which oc-
curred Nov. 16, 1905.

On Jan. 9, 1878, Mr. Weller marrieil
Emma Wallick, of East Prospect, York coun-
ty, daughter of Emanuel and Rebecca (Stair)
Wallick. The former is yet living, the latter
died a few years ago. Mr. and Mrs. W'eller
became the parents of the following named
children : Helen H., a graduate of the Wrights-
ville high school, and a teacher in Springet,
York county; William E., living at home, who
was educated in the Wrightsville schools, and
is now a clerk in the First National Bank : John
Robert, at home, clerk in a drug store ; Joseph
W., Catherine, Marion and David, all attend-
ing school. The family are all interested mem-
bers of the Methodist Church. Mr. Weller
was a Democrat, and served one year as asses-
sor. He was fraternally a member of the Jr.
O. U. A. M.

JOHN O. STAMBAUGH, the well-
known tailor of York, whose place of business
is located at No. 7 West Market street, was
born in Paradise township, York county, June
28, 1862, son of Jacob S. Stambaugh.

John Stambaugh, his grandfather, was a
shoemaker by trade, following that occupation
all of his life, being a skilled hand mechanic.

He died at the age of sixty-eight years, the
father of five children.

Jacob S. Stambaugh was born in York,
and learned the shoemaking trade under his
father. This^ he followed for a number of
years. He married Susan Jacobs, who is living
with Mrs. R. D. Aldinger, a daughter, while
Mr. Stambaugh is living with another daugh-
ter, Mrs. John Yeager, near Lewisberr)', New-
berry township, being now seventy- three years
old. Their children were: Joseph C, Henry
A., Monroe J., John O., Ellen J., Sarah A.,
Emma E., Alice, Cora S. and Lizzie D.

John O. Stambaugh attended the public
schools until fifteen years old, and then
learned the blacksmith's trade which he fol-
lowed until nineteen years of age. At the end
of that time he went to learn the tailor's trade
in York, and after serving his time, went to
Davidsburg, Dover township, where he en-
gaged in business. He also clerked in a gen-
eral store there, and then went to the borough
of Dover, where for seven years he engaged in
business, the last four years operating a barber
shop in connection. Mr. Stambaugh located
in York in 1895, and is now located at No. 7
West Market street, making use of the second
and third floors, where he employs fifteen
skilled workmen. Mr. Stambaugh's idea in
his business is to please his customers, and he
enjoys an enviable reputation as a man of hon-
esty and integrity.

Mr. Stambaugh has two daughters, Annie
Elizabeth and Katie May. He is a Democrat,
and a member of the York Democratic Club.

MOSES H. DEARDORFF, who is the
owner of 450 acres of the best farming land
in York county, is a native of Pennsylvania,
born in Latimore township, Adams county,
Nov. 22, 1829, son of Joseph and Lucy (Hoo-
ver) Deardorff.

For several generations the Deardorffs
have been farmers. Samuel Deardorff, grand-
father of Moses H., carried on agricultural
pursuits most successfully in Adams county,
where he died at the age of sixty-five years.
His remains rest in the cemetery at the Breth-
ren Meeting House, near East Berlin. Adams

Joseph Deardorff, father of Moses H., was
one of the wealthiest farmers in his neighbor-
hood. He made his home in Washington
township, York county, where he died in



1885, at the advanced age of eighty-one j-ears.
He and his wife, Lucy (Hoover), rest in Bar-
ren's Church cemetery in that township. They
were tlie parents of eight children, five sons and
three daughters, as fohows : Joshua H., of
DiHsburg; Samuel, deceased, who is buried at
Barren's Church, Washington township ; Ja-
cob, a physician practicing at Mechanicsburg,
York county ; William, who enlisted for service
in the Civil war, and died in the army; Moses
H. ; Elizabeth, deceased, also buried at Bar-
ren's Church; Sarah, who married Daniel
Heiges, of Clearfield ; and Catharine, who
married Samuel Lease, and at her death was
buried in Dover cemetery, at Strayers Church.
Moses H. Deardorff was reared to man-
hood on his father's farm, and from that prac-
tical teacher learned all the details necessary
for the successful pursuit of agriculture. He
has been engaged in that calling all his life, and
with the aid of a good and faithful wife has
become one of the wealthy men of his section
of the State, now owning four fine farms, ag-
gregating about 450 acres. He moved to his
present home farm in 1885, and since then has
practically rested from active participation in
the work, although he has by no means given
up the general oversight of his beautiful place.
On Sept. 20, 1855, Mr. Deardorff was
united in marriage with Elizabeth Defter, of
Franklintown, and on Sqpt. 20, 1905, -this
happy couple celebrated the fiftieth anniversary
of their marriage. Mrs. Deardorff was a
daughter of John and his wife Louisa Spahr,
of Washington township. Two children came
to brighten their home, Louis F. and Joseph G.,
both of whom own rich farms near Barren's
Church, in Washington township. Mr. and
Mrs. Deardorff are members of the Evangelical
Lutheran Church, in which he has served a
number of years as trustee. Although he has
never taken an active part in politics, he has
always been a Democrat, and he has served
his township as school director several terms,
and has also been tax collector. He is a direc-
tor of the Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance
Company, of Paradise, and for the past thirty
years has been its agent in his locality. Mr.
Deardorff has passed a busy and useful life,
and he and his g'ood wife are spending the
evening of their daj's surrounded by the love
and care and friendship of all who know them.

JOHN KRUG. This retired farmer is a
self-made man beginning life on small means

and by his energy and industry not onlv ac-
quiring a handsome competency' but presenting
,in his career an example of many forceful and
sterling qualities. He is the representati\'e
of an old and well-known family. He was born
on a farm in Adams county, April 21, 1820,
the son of George G. and Sarah (Lechty)
Krug, and the grandson of Henry Krug.

Getrge G. Krug was born in Lancaster
county, Pa., in 1793. He was prominent in
his day and widely respected for his splendid
traits of character, but died in 1842, compara-
ti\'ely young in years. He was buried in the
old Lutheran graveyard at Hanover. His wife,
Sarah Lechty, was also a native of Lancaster
county, born in 1794, the daughter of Christian
Lechty, who married a Miss Fisher, and reared
to manhood and womanhood a large family.
To George G. Krug and his wife came nine
children, as follows: Daniel; Sarah; Eliza-
beth ; Marian ; George ; William V. ; Catherine ;
John; and Rufus. All these children lived to
maturity but all are now deceased, except
John, the subject of this sketch. Sarah
(Lechty) Krug died in August, 1850.

John Krug was reared as a farmer's boy
and in early childhood was sent to the common
subscription schools of that period, and later to
the free schools, attending a series of terms
until his eighteenth year. He remained on his
father's farm until he reached the age of
twenty-one years, when, in 1842, his father
died. John then learned the trade of
miller with his uncle, John Lechty, who at that
time li-^-ed in Littlestown, Adams county. Upon
the completion of his trade, John Krug went
to Maryland, locating near Liberty on Beaver
Dam creek, where for two years he was em-
ployed in a mill. Then returning to Adams
county he engaged in farming and butchering
for several years. In i860 he moved to York
county, purchasing a farm near Everett's Mill.
Disposing of this he bought a farm in Cone-
wag'o township, where for several years he
continued farming. Later he bought a farm
near Oxford, Adams county, where he resided
for eighteen years. Finally disposing of this
property he purchased a farm near the city
limits of Hanover, consisting of thirty-eight
acres of vahiable land. This he continued to
farm until 1889, when he rented the place and
retired from active life. He has been emi-
nently successful in his agricultural and other
business transactions, and now owns an excel-
lent farm of 182 acres in Adams countv which



is leased, also good buildings in Hanover and
York, and he is interested in many of the pros-
perous industries which have grown up at
Hanover — being a stockholder of the Hanover
Machine Company, the Hanover Silk Com-
pany, and a stockholder and director of the
National Bank of Hanover.

Mr. Krug has been twice married, first in
October, 1852, to Miss Susan Willet, of Adams
county, daughter of George and Elizabeth
(McKinney) Willet. To this union were born
five children, three of whom ai'e now living,
namely: George W., of Littlestown; Lucinda,
who married John S. Hershey; and David D.,
of Hanover. For his second w'ife Mr. Krug
married Melinda Feeser, and to them have been
born five children: Harriet; Virginia; Cath-
erine; Calvin; and Paul. Mr. Krug is a mem-
ber of the old Lutheran Church. In politics he
votes with the Republican party, but has nevei
held office. Though now in his eighty-seventh
year he is remarkably well-preserved, and he
still gives personal attention to many of the de-
tails of his various interests.' He is recog-
nized as a man of profound financial sagacity,
but his view'S and sympathies are not narrowed
by personal consideration. He is public-spir-
ited, and in public affairs he brings to bear
upon issues of prominence and moment opin-
ions that are highly valued. He possesses
many admirers for his intrinsic qualities and
superior personal worth, and his counsel in
various affairs of life has been frequently

JOSEPH BAHN, who is now living re-
tired in the attractive village of Dallastown,
York township, is one of the venerable citizens
of the county, and a representative of one of
the old and prominent families of this section
of the Keystone State. Mr. Bahn's life has
been one of active endeavor, and he has gained
a worthy success. He was born in Springfield
township, York county, March 24, 1822, and
is the son of Adam Bahn, who was born and
reared in the adjoining county of Lancaster,
whence he came to York county when a young
man, locating in Springfield township and
there turning his attention to agricultural pur-
suits, with which he continued to be actively
identified during the greater portion of his
business career, while in the early days he also
operated a distillery. The maiden name of his
wife was ^Nlaria Liphart, and both died in this

county, when well advanced in years. They
had one child, Joseph.

Joseph Bahn was reared to the sturdy dis-
cipline of the farm, which was of a farm more
strenuous order in the pioneer days than at the
present time, when machinery and improved
facilities and accessories or all sorts conspire
to lighten the labors of the successful husband-
man. He assisted his father in various kinds
of work, doing a large amount of teaming, es-
pecially in the way of hauling ore to the fur-
naces in Lancaster county, and finally becom-
ing identified wdth this line of enterprise on his
own responsibility, devoting more or less at-
tention to the same for a quarter of a century
and meeting with success in his efforts. Hi's
educational advantages in his youth were such
as were offered in the common schools of his
native county, while through personal appli-
cation and well directed reading he broadened
his mental outlook, with the passing of the
years becoming a man of general information
and good judgment. Mr. Bahn purchased a
farm of seventy acres in York township, in the
vicinity of York, and there he continued to re-
side for several years, devoting himself to the
cultivation of his land. In the spring of 1901
he removed into Dallastown, having disposed
of his farm, and in the village named pur-
chased his present fine modern residence, on
Main street, where he has since lived retired.
He enjoyed comparatively excellent health
until October, 1904, wdren he suffered a stroke
of paralysis, which has left him partially help-
less. Mr. Bahn is well known throughout York

Online LibraryGeorge R. ProwellHistory of York County Pennsylvania (Volume II) → online text (page 135 of 201)