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life was most consistent with his profession,
and he commanded the deepest respect from all
who knew of his blameless conduct. He died
Nov. 22, 1885, and his widow still survives
him, making her home with her son Benjamin.
She was a Miss Eliza Musser, a native of
York county, like her husband. They were
the parents of four children, viz. : Emma, Mrs.
Abraham Mundis, residing at 252 South Penn
street; Amanda, deceased wife of John Ar-
nold, of York; Lydia, Mrs. Alexander New-
man, of York; and Benjamin F.

Benjamin F"". Allison attended the York
schools till he was eighteen and then began to
learn the carpentry business in the planing mill
and carpenter shop of Mr. Wantz. When this
plant was destroyed by fire he took a position
in the Shalls Car Shop but afterward joined
his uncle A. K. Allison and was engaged with
him in the management of a bakery for eight
or nine years. He then returned to carpentry
work and has since been engaged in that line.
For some years he followed contracting and
building on his own account but in March,



gix)



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



1905, entered the employ of A. M. Hake and
Company and has since that date been the
erecting- superintendent for the firm. A Re-
pubhcan in his pohtical views, Mr. AUison
has ahvays been active in pubHc affairs and
for the past nine years has been assessor of
the Ninth ward. He is a member of the Jr.
O. U. A. M., No. 505, and is corresponding-
secretary of the Carpenters and Joiners Union,
No. 1236.

Mr. Ahison was married Feb. 29, 1884, to
Miss Annie L. Smah, and they have two chil-
dren, namely: Minnie, employed in McClellan
Brothers' store and living at home ; and Elmer
F., at school. The family belong to the Allison
Memorial United Brethren Church and Mr.
Allison has served on the official board.

Mrs. Allison was the daughter of John
Frederick and Louisa Small, both born in Ger-
many. The father was a native of Prussia, and
the date of his birth was Sept. 29, 1816. He
was the son of Frederick and Annie (Druman)
Small, farming people who both died in Ger-
many. The son came to America in 1838 and
located in York, w-here he spent the greater
part of his life. He worked at various em-
ployments till he had accumulated enough to
purchase a farm of twelve acres at Grantley,
York county, where he lived from 1859 till
187 1. He then moved to the present family
residence at 37 North Penii street, where
he built a good modern house. While en-
gaged in farming", Mr. Small also carried Qn
quarrying, and the latter interest he retained
throughout his active life, laying up thereby a
comfortable property. He was one of the act-
ive members of the first Uniited Brethren
Church and several times held positions on its
official board. His death occurred Jan. 29,
1901, and was deeply regretted. His wife,
Mrs. Louisa (Hof¥meyer) Small, wdio is still
living in the old home, was born in Hanover,
Germany, May 19, 1829, and came with her
parents to America in her seventeenth year,
settling in York. She was married to Mr.
Small Dec. 7, 1845, ^^^^ became the mother
of eight children, three of whom died in in-
fancy. The others were: Mary, deceased wife
of Henry Ortmyer, of Adams county ; Henry
W., who resides on North Newberry street,
and is a manufacturer of suspenders ; Annie
L., Mrs. Allison; Charles E., a cigar maker,
living on North Newberry street ; and Lucy,
living with her mother, and married to George



\V. Fielder, a barber on West Market street,
by whom she has one child. Mrs. Small is also
a member of the first United Brethren Church
and is a most estimable woman.

The maternal grandparents of Mrs. Allison
were Dietrich and Sophia (Yost) Hoffmyer,
who came to America in 1845, locating in
York, where the rest of their active lives were
spent. Mr. Hoffmyer was a tailor in Germany
and .after coming to America continued to fol-
low that trade till he was over eighty years
old, maintaining his business ability to the last.
He and his wife were among the earliest mem-
bers of the first United Brethren Church.
Dietrich Hoffmyer passed away in 1879, aged
eighty-three, surviving- his wife eight years, as
her death occurred in 1871 at the age of sev-
enty-three. Their family included three chil-
dren, namely : Frederick, for many years the
head of a tailoring establishment in Balti-
more; Sophia, wife of H. A. Kattcamp, of
York,, both now deceased; and Louisa, Mrs.
Small.

JOHN H. STAMBAUGH, general agent
for the Baltimore Life Insurance Company,
for York and Adams counties, with headquart-
ers in the city of York, in both paternal and
maternal lines is a representative of honored
pioneer families.

Henry Stambaugh, his g-randfather, was a
prominent farmer of York county, and was
held in high regard by all who knew him.

Jacob M. Stambaugh, father of John H.,
was born on his father's farm, and there reared
to manhood, receiving a liberal common-school
education. He is now living retired in York
and is well-known throughout the county.
When the war of the Rebellion was inaug-
urated he tendered his services in defense of
the Union, serving- as a non-commissioned of-
ficer in Company I, 127th P. V. I., and contin-
uing with his regiment at the front for more
than three years. He was wounded by a piece
of cannon ball, by which his knapsack was
torn to pieces, so that his escape from death
was almost miraculous, while previously three
other cannon balls had passed close to his
head. In this engagement his regiment lost
four hundred men, while a large number in
addition were seriously wounded. He is a
member of the Grand Army of the Republic.
He married Catharine Lease, daughter of John
Lease, who owned six or more farms in East



BIOGRAPHICAL



901



Berlin, portions of these tracts being still in
the possession of members of the family. The
four children of Jacob M. Stambangh and
wife were : Joseph A. is in the service of the
York Street Car Company; Rev. Nathan L. is
a clergyman of the United Brethren Church,
' and is stationed in Ohio ; Catharine is married
and lives in York ; and John H.

John H. Stambaugh was born on the old
homestead Nov. 4, 1870, and was educated in
the public schools. He served an apprenticeship
at the trade of carriage painting, devoting his
attention to that line for a period of six years,
at the expiration of which, in 1892, he became,
as before stated, the general agent of the Bal-
timore Life Insurance Company for York and
Adams counties. He is energetic, progressive
and discriminating in his business methods,
and is worthy of the high regard in which he
is held in his home county and in insurance
circles. In politics he gives his allegiance to
the Republican party, and his religious views
are in harmony with the Moravian faith, in
which he was reared. In a fraternal way he
is identified with the B. P. O. Elks, the Sons
of Veterans and the Knights of Malta, and he
enjoys marked popularity in both business and
social circles.

On April 10, 1902, Mr. Stambaugh mar-
ried Miss Catherine E. Jacobs, daughter of
W. H. Jacobs, of York, who for thirty years
was in the service of the Northern Centra!
Railroad Company. Mr. and Mrs. Stambaugh
have one child, John Henry William.

JOSEPH ZULLINGER BENTZ is a de-
scendant of German agriculturists who settled
in the Cumberland Valley.

William Bentz, his father, was for many
years the proprietor of the leading department
store of Carlisle, where he was born and reared,
and he died there in 1879, aged fifty-five years.
His widow, Jane Mell, is still living and
active at the age of eighty-five years. David
Mell, father of Mrs. Bentz, was the most ex-
tensive brick manufacturer in the Cumberland
Valley, and died at the age of ninety-five
years. There were eight children born to the
parents, William Bentz and wife, namely :
Abner, in the Government printing office at
Washington, D. C. ; Dr. John, a practicing-
dentist of Carlisle ; William, a merchant of
Carlisle ; Samuel, recorder of deeds of Cum-
berland county, who was, although a Repub-



lican, elected to that office in a Democratic
county, and enjoys the distinction of being the
only Republican elected; George, of River-
side, Cal. ; Elizabeth, widow of Robert Bloom-
all, who was in the United States mint for
twenty years ; Mary, at home ; and Joseph Z.,
of York.

Joseph Zullinger Bentz was born in Car-
lisle, April 17, 1857, and received his educa-
tion in the public schools. His first occupation
was as business manager for the Western Un-
ion & Cumberland Valley railroad, and he was
transferred from there to Shippensburg, where
he became ticket agent and manager for the
same corporation. In 1884 Mr. Bentz em-
barked as a broker, a business that he has since
pursued in Carlisle, Lebanon, Hagerstown
and York for more than twenty years. Mr.
Bentz came to York in 1896, and became a
broker in stocks and grain, the business now
amounting to almost a million dollars a year.

Mr. Bentz belongs to the Knights of Pyth-
ias, the Brotherhood of the Western Union,
and is a past officer of the Knights of the
Golden Eagle. He is a member of the Alli-
son Memorial Church. In politics he is a Re-
publican. Mr. Bentz is a great lover of horses,
and a bay gelding. Floe, which belongs to his
string, is known as a dancer, and can do the
cake-walk most admirably. Mr. Bentz has re-
fused many offers for this valuable animal,
one of $1,000.

DAVID W. HURSH, now a resident of
York City living at No. 172 East Cottage
place, is passing his declining days there re-
tired from all active life, after many years of
the arduous toil that makes up a farmer's ex-
istence. He was born in Allen township, Cum-
berland county. Pa., in 1837, son of Christian
and Susan (Witmer) Hursh.

The family name was originally spelt
Horst, but has worn its present form for sev-
eral generations at least. Abraham Hursh,
the grandfather of David \\\, was a native of
Lancaster county, born near Lititz. In early
life a carpenter by trade, he afterward moved
to Allen township, bought a mill property
there and followed the occupation of a miller
for the remainder of his life. His wife was
Miss Elizabeth Gensinger, and both were
buried in Carroll township, York county.
Their children were : Fannie, Christian, Abra^
ham, Henry, Mrs. John Mohler, Mrs. John



902



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



Myers, Mrs. Greiger, and two who died un-
married.

Christian Hursh was born in Allen town-
ship in 1808, and learned the milling trade
from his father. After about eleven years in
that occupation he decided to turn his attention
to farming, and settled in another part of Cum-
berland county, along the Yellow Breeches
creek. From there he moved to Windsor
township, York county, in 1845, bought at first
a tract of farming land of seventy acres, and
to this later added an adjoining thirty. All
the buildings on the place were put up by him
and he passed the rest of his life there. His
death occurred in 1890, and his remains were
laid to rest in the graveyard of the Witmer
Mennonite Church at Stony Brook. His wife,
Susan (Witmer) Hursh, who died in 1869, is
buried in the same place. She was born in
1816, daughter of David and Magdalena
(Kauffman) Witmer, of York county.

David Witmer, the maternal grandfather
of David W. Hursh, was born in Lancaster
county in 1787, later went to York county,
and took up land at Stony Brook, and fol-
lowed his trade as a carpenter there for many
years. He was a preacher in the Mennonite
Church for a long time, and the Witmer
Meeting House was built on his property. He
died at the age of seventy. He married Miss
Magdalena KauiTman, and children were born
to them as follows : John ; David, a Mennonite
preacher; Lydia, Mrs. David Sprenkle, of
York county; Catherine, Mrs. David Forry;
Nancy, Mrs. Samuel Proth; and Susan, Mrs.
Hursh.

David W. Hursh was eight years old when
his father moved to York county, grew up on
the farm there, and in his turn made farming
his life pursuit. When nearly thirty-three
years of age he married and located on hjs
father's farm in Windsor township, where he
remained twelve years. He then bought 137
acres in the same township and passed another
twelve years on that fami, after which he
bought the old Forry homestead in York town-
ship, near Longstown, a place comprising
forty acres, and lived there until 1901, when
he gave up all active participation in farming
to his sons. Mr. Hursh himself moved into
York, and has since kept only a general over-
sight of his farm properties. Mr. Hursh's first
wife, whom he married in 1870, was Miss
Mary Jane Forry, daughter of Joseph and



Elizabeth (Strickler) Forry. She shared his
joys and sorrows for nearly thirty years, but in
1899 was called from this world, and her
burial place is the cemetery at the Witmer
Meeting House. In 1901 Mr. Hursh was mar-
ried (second) to Miss Eliza Hammer. His
children, all born to the first marriage, were :
Joseph, who married Miss Margaret Seachrist.
and lives on his father's farm in Windsor
township; David, who married Miss Jemima
Keasey, and manages his father's York town-
ship farm; Theodore, of Hellam township,
who married Miss Mary Kochenour; John,
who married Miss Iva Ferrence, and lives at
Stony Brook; Annie, wife of Harry Irwin, of
Conewago township; Martha, Mrs. Albert
Young, of Windsor township; and Paul, at-
tending school.

David W. Hursh has been throughout his
life a faithful member of the Mennonite
Church, and for the past fifteen years has
served as one of the trustees. He belongs to
the Republican party. He is one of the promi-
nent and substantial citizens of the county and
has always been held in much respect.

WILLIAM CLARKSON SMITH, M.
D., has chosen the city of York for his field of
professional endeavor. He was born March
2, 1874, in Lower Chanceford township.

William Smith, grandfather of the Doctor,
was a country physician. He married Maria
Clarkson.

William Ferris Smith, son of William and
Maria (Clarkson) Smith, was also a physician,
and practiced his profession in Lower Chance-
ford township for forty years. In 1863 he
entered the army, as surgeon of the 105th P.
V. I., and served until the close of the war.
He began practice immediately after the war in
Airville, Lower Chanceford township, and
continued until March, igoo, when he died.
He was a member of the Pleasant Grove Pres-
byterian Church, in which he was elder for
many years. He married Miss Hannah Mary
Murphy, daughter of Col. George S. Murphy,
and she still survives. She and her husband
were the parents of children as follows : Re-
becca M.. who married Alexander Galbraith.
of Baltimore. Md. ; Maria Laird, who married
R. H. Pollock, of Baltimore. Md. ; and William
Clarkson.

William Clarkson Smith attended the pub-
lic schools of his native township until he was



BIOGRAPHICAL



905



fifteen years of age, and then entered the York
Collegiate Institute, which he attended two
years, preparing himself for the Medical De-
partment of the University of Pennsylvania,
from which he was graduated in 1897. He at
once began practice at home with his father,
with whom he continued for two years, and in
1899 he located in York, where he has since
continued. In December, 1904, Dr. Smith was
appointed health officer of York to fill the un-
expired term of Dr. J. Frank Small. He is a
member of the York County Medical Society;
the Pennsylvania State Medical Society; and
the American Medical Association. In politics
Dr. Smith is a Republican. In his religious
views he is connected with the First Presbyter-
ian Church of York.

Dr. Smith was married in Chambersburg,
Oct. 26, 1904, to Miss Alice Chambers Ross,
daughter of Benjamin and Anne V. Ross.

COL. GEORGE S. MURPHY (de-
ceased ) , for many years a prominent and suc-
cessful merchant in Upper Chanceford town-
ship, and at one time an honored member of
the Legislature, was born in Upper Chance-
ford township, on the farm upon which Clark-
son Murphy, a nephew, now lives, Dec. 4,
1807, son of Joseph Murphy, who came from
Ireland to the United States, settling in Up-
per Chanceford township. Joseph Murphy
was a farmer in that township, where both he
and his wife died.

Colonel Murphy received the common
school education of his day, and grew up a
farmer boy. He engaged in the store business
in Upper Chanceford township before marriage
and remained there until he retired from active
life. While there he organized a company of
home guards, and was given the title of colonel
by the Legislature at Harrisburg. In his
early days Colonel Murphy was a member of
the Chanceford Presbyterian Church, but later
transferred his membership to the New Har-
mony Presbyterian Church at Brogueville, and
was always an active church worker. He was
a firm believer in the principles of the Demo-
cratic ]3arty and worked hard for that organ-
ization's success. He was elected to the Legis-
lature in 1836, and sened one or more terms
with great credit to himself and to the satis-
faction of his constitutents.

Colonel Murphy was married in Harford
Co., Md.. Sept. 19, 1838, to Miss Rebecca



Hughes, born June 12, 1818, daughter of J. S..
and Plannah (Wiley) Hughes. Colonel
Murphy's death occurred Dec. 22, 1886, while
his wife sunnved until June 21, igoi, when
she passed away, and both are interred at the:
New Harmony cemetery. Their children were::
Thomas Zeinas, born Feb. 9, 1840, married!
Miss Margery McVey, and now resides irti
Philadelphia; Hannah !Mar}-, born Dec. i,
1841, married D^r. Walliam F. Snuith. who
died in Lower Chanceford township. March
3, 1900; Martha Ann, born Nov. 12, 1844,
married Dr. S. F. Neeley, and they now live"
in Leavenworth, Kans. ; Joseph W.. born May
5, 1847, married Miss Mary Griffith, and they:
also reside in Leavenworth, Kans. ; John S.,
born June 6, 1851, married Miss Elizabeth
Griffith, and resides in York; Rebecca E. S.,
born Sept. 7, 1853, is now Mrs. James Wallace
of York; Ida May, born Oct. 25, 1859, mar-
ried Clarkson ^Manifold.

FREDERICK MARKLEY CRAW-
FORD, who since 1903 has made his home in
York, comes of a famih' early settled in the
Cumberland Valley.

(I) The first of the family of whom there
is definite record was Edward Crawford, a na-
tive of County Donegal, Ireland, who immi-
grated to America about 1 740, settling in
Pennsylvania, pn the land now included irt
Guilford township, Franklin county, and
there he died in 1792. This tract of 640
acres was a part of a Proprietary Manor that
the Penns determined not to reserve, and the
Manor is now in the possession of the subject
of this sketch. He married Elizabeth Ster-
ritt, and they became the parents of nine chil-
dren ; James, who married and died near Mer-
cersburg in 1798, leaving no children: John;
Edward, born Jan. 10. 1757, died March 6.
1833; Joseph, who was killetj by the Indians;
Martha, born in 1743, married to Edward
Cook, and died in 1837; Elizabeth, who married
John Fulton; Sarah, born in 1753. married to
Henry Work, and died INIarch 6, 1819; Ruth,
who married an Elliott ; and ]\Iary, who married
a Dunlevy.

(II) John Crawford, son of Edward,
born in 1746, and died Feb. 13, 1827. was
first lieutenant of Capt. Conrad Snider's Com-
pany of Col. Frederick Watt's battalion of the
"Flying Camp" in 1776. He was captured
with Colonel Magaw's command at Fort



p04



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



\\'ashing-ton, Nov. i6, 1776, and was held as
a prisoner of war in New York and Long Is-
land until 1778, when he was exchanged.
Early in his captivit}' he wrote the following-
letter to his parents, which is still preserved by
liis descendants :

New York, Nov. 21, 1776.
Honored Father and Mother:

I am a prisoner here, and without clothes or hard
money, only what was on me when I was taken, I
^eft clothes with Eddy on the other side of the iriver;
expect to get them again. I would be glad if you
■could send me some hard money, as no other will
pass here. I have the liberty of walking the streets.
You need not be uneasy about me. I am well at pres-
ent and live in hopes to see you. I am your dutiful
son and humble ser\-ant.

Lieut. John Cr.\wford.
P. S. I was taken November 16, at Fort Wa.ihing-
ton with 2,300 more.

After his discharge Lieut. Crawford re-
turned to the homestead where he spent his
life as a farmer. On his monument in Fall-
ing Spring cemetery is this simple memorial :
"A soldiier of the Revolution rests 'here."
Mr. Crawford married Anne Holmes, born in
1765, died Dec. 10, 1810, a native of Ireland,
and their children were: Holmes, born in 1791,
for many years cashier of the Chambersburg
Savings Fund, died Feb. 15, 1874: James;
John, a farmer on the old homestead, who mar-
ried Margaret Black; Joseph, born in 1806,
who married Mary Kirkpatrick, and died Aug.
22,, 1888; Edward, who died young; Sarah,
born June 17, 1795, who married John S.
Brown, and died Dec. 28, 1849; Martha, born
May 8, 1788, who married Josiah Dnffield;
Elizabeth, who married Hugh Crawford; Re-
becca, who married Matthew McKee ; and
Nancy, who died unmarried.

(Ill) James Crawford, son of Lieut. John,
was born in Guilford township, Franklin Co.,
in 1800, and after a life engaged in farming
on the old homestead there 'lied Jan. 18. 1872.
In politics he was a Whig and Republican.
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church.
His wife, Catharine Byers, was born Oct. 15,
1805, daughter of Frederick and Anna (Eby)
Byers, and died Dec. 11, 1892. They had
three children: John E., born Feb. 22, 1827,
married Ellen Stable, of York, and died April
2, 1896; Frederick B. ; and Milton, born Sept.
.1, 1844, niarried Rebecca Harmony fhe was
a soldier in the Civil W^ar).

flV) Frederick B. Crawfrjrd, son of
James, lived on the old Crawford liomestead



until 1865, when he removed to Reading, where
he became superintendent of the Bushong
farms of 600 acres, remaining twenty years,
when he returned to the old home in Franklin
county. He was a stanch Republican, and
was a member of Falling Spring Presbyterian
Church, Chambersburg. He married Maria
Markley, a descendant of Commodore Mark-
ley, a distinguished officer of the Dutch Navy,
and also of the Bushong family, an early set-
tled family of French descent in Lancaster
county (her mother was Rebecca Bushong, of
Ephrata, Lancaster county). Three children
blessed this union: (i) Katharine M., born
Aug. 28, 1856, studied medicine with Dr. B.
Bowman in Chambersburg, and was graduated
at the Hahnemann College, Chicago. She
practiced her profession in Chambersburg,
1882-94, fifteen years in partnership with Dr.
Julia T. Hill-Crawford. In 1901 she went to
York, and there practiced until her death, which
occurred Dec. 2, 1903. (2) Flolmes E., born
in 1859, died May 15, 1877. (3) Frederick
Markley.

(V) Frederick Markley Crawford, son
of Frederick B., was born June 3, 1861. He
was but two years of age when his parents re-
moved to Reading, and attended public school
in that city and the Briinner Academy.
When his grandfather died the family returned
to the -old homestead, and there Mr. Crawford
spent the greater part of his vacations. His
sympathies and tastes led him to the agricul-
tural life of his ancestors, and he has made
farming his chief occupation. A man who be-
lieves no one should shirk his duty as a citizen,
he nevertheless has no official aspirations, and
his work in politics is largely confined to the
casting of his ballot, being as was his father
before him a stanch Republican. In 1893 he
married Dr. Julia T. Hill.

ALFRED BIXLER, farmer, and one of
the leading citizens of Hellam township, York
countv. has resided there for over thirty years.

The Bixler family in America is traced
back to a Swiss ancestor who came over at an
early day and settled in Maryland, where he
and his wife, who was of Scotch-Irish blood,
both died. John Bixler, grandfather of Al-
fred, was born in Maryland, where he married,
and had a large family of children, of whom
record has been preserved as follows : Esther,
born April 30, 1814, died unmarried: IMartha,



BIOGRAPHICAL



905



born Jan. i, 1815, is deceased; Nancy, mar-
ried John Overholt, a Mennonite preacher, and
moved to Westmoreland county, Pa., where
she died at the advanced age of ninety-four,
after several years' blindness ; Jesse moved to
Westmoreland county, where he lived to a good
old age ; and David became the father of Al-
fred Bixler. Grandfather John Bixler passed
the last years of his life with his daughter
Nancy in A'Vestmoreland county.



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