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Democrat, and he was a leader in public mat-
ters in his county, serving two terms in the
State House of Representatives. When he
was only twenty-one years of age he was first
elected a justice of the peace, and he was al-
ways designated "Squire Manifold."

John Manifold and his wife had children
as follows: Dr. William, who died at New
Freedom, is survived by his widow, formerly
Miss Margaret Shaffer ; Benedict M., a farmer
of Hopewell township, married Annie E.
Payne; Eliza Jane, Mrs. James G. Morrison.



BIOGRAPHICAL



937



died in Hopewell township; John D., who died
on his farm in East Hopewell township, mar-
ried Margaret Gemmill; Archie T., a farmer
of East Hopewell township, married Jemima
Meads; Mary H. remained unmarried; Millie
Ann married James G. Thompson, of York;
Stephen B. is the subject proper of this sketch ;
Washington M., of York, married Jennie Ir-
win, deceased; and Susan B. became Mrs. An-
drew Wallace, of Logan county, Ohio.

Stephen B. Manifold was educated in the
township schools, which he continued to attend
until eighteen years old, his principal teachers
being Porter Gemmill and his brother W. H.
Manifold, and a Mr. Bliss. He was reared to
practical farming and as he grew up had ex-
cellent training in that direction. At the age
of twenty-one he took charge of the home
farm, and after the death of his father bought
the place. It has been his aim to improve the
old farm constantly, and he has added many
substantial buildings which are utilized in the
various industries carried on there — farming,
dairying and tobacco raising. The first family
home was built by the grandfather from the
logs he chopped in the forest, and this part
of the residence is still stanch and strong. The
father built on the frame additions, and it now
stands a comfortable, commodious residence.

Mr. Manifold was married Jan. 24, 1878,
by Rev. J. M. McGaughey, the Presbyterian
pastor, to Miss Sarah E. Wiley, who was
born in Fawn township, on the Wiley farm,
Sept. 29, 1850. The parents of Mrs. Mani-
fold were Samuel P. and Elinor (Anderson)
Wiley, the former of whom was born on the
old Wiley homestead in Fawn township and
passed all his life there as a farmer. Mr.
Wiley was a well known and highly esteemed
man, one of the pillars in the Center Presby-
terian Church, in which he was elected an
elder, May 14, 1859, and was ordained June
II, 1859. He did not enjoy this prominence
long, as he died Oct. 14, 1859. For years he
was treasurer of the church. The mother of
Mrs. Manifold is seventy-eight years of age,
but time has touched her so lightly that she
might easily be taken for a woman scarcely
in middle life. Her two children are: Sarah
E., Mrs. Manifold, and John C, who is a
farmer in Fawn township, and who married
Louisa Ann Strawbridge.

James Wiley, the grandfather of Mrs.
Manifold, lived and died on his farm in Fawn



township. He married Sarah Duncan and they
had these children : John I., who died in Fawn
township, married Mary Kilgore; James, who
married Sarah Ann Wiley, of Chester county,
later started to move to Peoria, 111., but when
on the boat on the Mississippi river he was at-
tacked with cholera and died just before a
landing was made (his youngest brother, Sam-
uel P., went to Peoria, and brought his body
and family back to the old home) ; Mary Ann,
who married Mathew Kilgore, died in Fawn
township; Thomas married Isabella O. Irwin,
a farmer and miller in Fawn township, where
he lived and died; Sarah Jane, who was the
wife of Samuel Reed, died in Chanceford
township; Samuel P. was the father of Mrs.
Manifold.

The following children were born to Mr
and Mrs. Manifold: Ella May, born Dec. 10,
1878, married W. H. Gemmill on April 15,
1897, and they have two children, Wilma and
Robert ; Clarence Wiley, was born April 16,
1881 ; Nora Belle, born March 26, 1883, died
May 25, 1885; Anna Mary was born Oct. 15,
1886; Stephen Chester, born Oct. 20, 1889,
died March 18, 1891 ; Helen Olevia was born
Sept. 14, 1893.

Mr. Manifold has always been a stanch
Democrat. He has frequently been called upon
to serve in official positions, and for a number
of years has been school director, his advice
being generally asked before any important
move is made in the township school manage-
ment. He is one of the leading members of
the Hopewell Presbyterian Church, of which
he has been a trustee for six years.

CHARLES L. EYSTER, who is engaged
in farming in Jackson township, York county,
was born July 6, 1866, son of George A. and
Sarah (Harbold) Eyster.

Adam Eyster, his great-grandfather, was a
life-long resident of York county, and follow-
ed farming in West Manchester township. To
him and his wife were born children : Jacob,
Peter, Adam, Michael, and Eve, who is the
mother of Dr. Zeigler, of York. The family
were Lutherans.

Jacob Eyster, the grandfather of Charles
L., married Rebecca Sellers, and they were both
natives of York county. They had these chil-
dren : John, Israel, Henry, Peter, George,
Anna, Caroline and Adam. Jacob Eyster died
when a comparatively young man, but his wife



93^



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



lived to 1885, reaching the age of eighty-three
years.

George A. Eyster, in 1865, married Sarah
Harbold, daughter of John Harbold, a native
of York county, and he now resides in Jack-
son township, where he owns and successfully
cultivates a small farm. In religious belief
he is a Lutheran. Mr. Eyster is a stanch
Democrat, and he held the office of supervisor
one term, also serving in minor township
offices.

Charles L. Eyster is the only child of his
parents. He remained home until twentj^-two
years of age, working on the home farm and
receiving his education in the common schools
of the township. Mr. Eyster has always rent-
ed farm property and he is now capably operat-
ing his father-in-law's farm. On Dec. 2,
1888, he married Emma J. Whitman, daughter
of Daniel Whitman, and twO' children have
been born to this union, Harry E. and George
D. The family are consistent members of the
Lutheran Church, of which they are liberal
supporters. In politics Mr. Eyster is a Demo-
crat, and -he is serving as a member of the
school board. He and his wife are among the
highly respected residents of their locality, and
representatives of substantial York county
families.

ERANK G. YINGER, who is living re-
tired on his farm in the borough of Manches-
ter, was born in 1849. son of John and grand-
son of Paul Yinger.

The great-grandfather of Frank G. Yin-
ger came to York county and settled in New-
berrytown, where his son Paul was born.
Paul learned the blacksmith's trade and went to
Manchester, now Manchester borough, where
he followed his trade for about twenty years,
living retired for about fifteen years prior to
his death, at the age of eighty-two years. He
married Christiana Snyder, of Lancaster coun-
ty, and the children born to them were : Eliza-
beth, who died in Ohio ; Anna Maria, who
died in Iowa ; Paul, who died at Columbia,
Lancaster county ; George, who died in York ;
Jacob, living in York ; John, the father of our
subject: Samuel, living in Manchester borough
and Daniel, who resides in Lancaster county.

JohnYinger learned the blacksmith's trade,
which he followed for about thirty-five years.
He located at Manchester borough, where he
built a fine brick house, which our subject now



owns and occupies. Ten years prior to his
death, John Yinger lived a retired life, and he
died in 1894, his wife passing away in 1893.
Both were buried in the Lutheran cemetery at
Manchester borough. In politics Mr. Yinger
was a Republican. He married Annie Good,
who was the daughter of Henry Good,, of
Lancaster county, and the children born to
them were : Frank G. ; Emma married Frank
Heistand and lives at Spring Grove ; Charles
married Tillie Brenneman, and lives at Mt.
Wolf; Henry married Eliza Fell, and resides
in York; Benjamin married a Brenneman, and
is an engineer at Emigsville; Amanda Diehl
lives at Mt. Wolf.

Mr. Yinger attended the schools of Man-
chester borough until eighteen years of age
when, under his father, he learned the black-
smith's trade and opened a shop at ]\It. Wolf.
Later he sold this shop to his brother Charles,
and bought the old home in Manchester bor-
ough. For a short time Mr. Yinger carried
on cider making, but the building which he
used for that purpose burned down in 1904,
and has not since been rebuilt. Mr. Yinger
retired from active life in 1904.

Mr. Yinger married Catherine Shriver, who
died in 1887. One child was born to this
union, Laura, who married Jacob Everhart,
and lives at home. Mr. Yinger is prominently
identified with the Republican party, having
served as councilman of the borough nine
times. He is a man of the highest type, and
has many stanch friends throug'hout York
county.

GEORGE S. ANDERSON. Among the
prominent citizens of Rossville, Warrington
township, York county, may be mentioned
George S. Anderson, a retired farmer, who was
formerly a dealer in leather and hides, and
who is a survivor of the great Civil War. Mr.
Anderson was born March 20, 1837, in Middle-
town, Dauphin county, son of James N. and
Rebecca (Schull) Anderson.

James N. Anderson was born in Yoi"k
county in 1808, about one mile from Anderson-
town, Monaghan township, and after his edu-
cation was completed he learned the tanner's
and currier's trade, which calling he followed
all of his life. He died Dec. 9, 1893, and Re-
becca Schull, his first wife, died in 1837, the
mother of: George S., William S., and Amer-
ica S. Mr. Anderson's second marriage was



BIOGRAPHICAL



939



to Mary Sanderson. He was a member of the
Church of God. In pohtics he was first a
Whig, later joining the ranks of the Repubhcan
party.

George S. Anderson received his education
in the schools of ^Monaghan and Warringtori
townships, and worked in the tannery with his
father until the Civil War broke out. He en-
listed Aug. 2-j, 1861, in Company H, 87th P.
V. I., Sixth Army Corps, First Brigade, Third
Division, Army of the Potomac, under Col.
Hay, and later under Col. Shaw, and Captains
Harmon and Gensler. Mr. Anderson was
captured and made a prisoner June 15, 1863,
at Winchester, Va., and was paroled after being
confined eight weeks at Belle Island, Rich-
mond, Va. Mr. Anderson was a participant in
all the battles in which his company and re;^i-
ment engaged, and has an honorable army rec-
ord, being honorably dischai-ged October 13,
1864, at York.

After the war Mr. Anderson returned to
his home and engaged in tanning leather in
company with his brother, William S., but was
compelled to abandon this calling on account
of his ill health, brought on by injuries received
during his army service. He then engaged
in farming, but was compelled to abandon this
also, his state of health not allowing him to
do any hard labor. He moved to Rosstown
in 1874, since then making that place his home.

George S. Anderson married in 1869, Miss
Elizabeth B. Donges, and one child blessed
this union, Mary D., who, in 1902, married
Lewis Speck, and died the same year. In re-
ligion Mr. and Mrs. Anderson are members
of the Lutheran Church of Rossville. In his
political sympathies Mr. Anderson is a Repub-
lican, and has served as township auditor and
assessor.

WILLIAM HAGARMAX, a prominent
contractor and plasterer, r)ow devoting ithe
major portion of his time to the latter business,
lives on the Berlin road, in Jackson township.
He was born Feb. 22, 1840, in Adams county,
son of George and Catherine (Sauerbeer)
Hagarman. Nothing is known of the grand-
parents except that they had children as fol-
low^s : Thomas : George ; Cecelia, who married
the hero of Gettysburg, John L. Burns ; and
Andrew.

George Hagarman was lx)rn in Adams
county and there grew to manhood. As a boy



he was bound out, and though during this time
he received only limited educational advantages
he showed himself a man of more than ordi-
nary ability, through perseverance acquiring a
good education and becoming an instructor of
much note in those days, teaching school for
forty-five consecutive winter terms. He own-
ed a farm of about forty acres which he oper-
ated during the summer months. Mr. Hagar-
man was a Republican, and was appointed
justice of the peace. During the Civil war he
was commissioned enrolling officer. He and
his wife were the parents of fourteen children,
ten of whom grew to maturity : Nathaniel,
George ^^^, Franklin, Hezekiah, William,
Thomas, Mary. John, Joseph, and Catherine.
The others were John and Daniel, and two who
died in infancy. The family were all Catholics.

William Hagarman was born in Mt. Pleas-
ant to\Miship, Adams county, where he received
his education and grew to manhood. At the
age of nineteen he commenced to learn the
plastering trade, and after serving his ap-
prenticeship went to Virginia in the spring of
1 86 1, and was caught there at the opening of
the Civil war. Though a Northern sympath-
izer he could not escape, being pressed into
service in the Southern army as a teamster.
After serving five days he was arrested as a
Northern spy and court-martialed, and, after
being confined thirty-four days was givai a
pass through the lines and took a friendly
leave across the Potomac. He served the
L^nited States government as a teamster in the
Li^nion army for nine months, at that time re-
turning to York, and engaging at his trade at
which he has since continued. Mr. Hagarman
has been employed by some of the best ccm-
tractors in the State, such as Nathaniel ^^'eigh,
Gilbert & Co., Eli Hellinger, Jacob Crist, Jacob
Sechrist & Sons, and others. He owns a
pleasant home and about ten acres of land about
five miles west of York, on the Berlin road.

Mr. Hagarman has been thrice married,
his first wife being Margaretta Miller, daugh-
ter of Henry Miller. Nine children were born
to them : William, Ambrose, Joseph. Charles,
Mary, and four who died in infancy. Mrs.
]\Iaro-aretta ("Miller) Hagarman died aged
thirtv-six ye^rs, and jMr. Hafrarman married
Marv Gallag-her, dausrhter of \\^illinm Gallaeh-
er. FiA'e children were born to them, namelv :
Tennie. Rosie, M^rsaret. Georee and Cecelia.
]Mrs. Alarv (Gallagher) Hagarman died in



940



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



1889, aged thirty-two years. Mr. Hagar-
man s third wife was Mrs. Priscilla Crist,
widow of Henry Crist.

Mr. Hagarman is a Democrat, was a jus-
tice of the peace for one term, and was also
township auditor. In rehgion he is a Cathohc.
He is a rehable man and upright citizen, and
is held in very high esteem.

JEREMIAH D. HESS, a worthy repre-
sentative of the agricultural interests of York
county, is the owner of a fine farm of 202
acres, located on the road between Dallastown
and Paradise, in York township. He was
born in Springfield township, Nov. 14, 1842,
son of Peter and grandson of Henry Hess.

Henry Hess was born in Springfield town-
ship, and there was reared to manhood, his en-
tire life being passed in that vicinity engaged
in farming. He married Barbara Goodling,
of York county, and both rest in the cemetery,
the churchyard of Salem church, at Paradise.
Their children were: Peter is mentioned fur-
ther on ; Samuel and Henry died in Springfield
township ; John died in York township ; Eliza-
beth became the wife of Joseph Hildebrand,
and her death occurred on the old homestead
of her parents, in Springfield township; Chris-
tiana became the wife of Abraham Snyder,
and died at Loganville ; Marian, the widow
of George Messersmith, died in Codorus town-
ship, in March, 1904; Lydia, the wife of Dan-
iel Ness, died in York township ; and Sarah is
the wife of Jeremiah Bupp. of Springfield
township.

• Peter Hess, son of Henry and father of
Jeremiah D., was born on the old homestead
farm in Springfield township, and there he
was reared to manhood, receiving such educa-
tional advantages as were afforded in the com-
mon schools. He was associated in the work
of the home farm until the time of his mar-
riage, after which he was engaged in farming
on his own responsibility in Springfield town-
ship, whence he finally removed to York town-
ship, purchasing what was known as the Leber
farm, of two hundred and four acres — the
place now owned and occupied by our subject —
and here he continued to be successfully en-
gaged in agricultural pursuits until he was
summoned from the scene of life's endeavors,
his death occurring in 1874. He was a Re-
publican in politics, and both he and his wife
were faithful and valued members of Salem



Church, at Paradise, in whose cemetery the
remains of both now rest. Peter Hess was
united in marriage to Miss Caroline Day, who
was born and reared in York township, daugh-
ter of Philip Day, a representative of one of
the sterling pioneer families of York county.
Their children were : Jeremiah D. ; Amanda,
widow of Joshua Leber, resides in Dallastown :
Oliver married Abbie Hartman, and they reside
in Paradise township; Sarah is the wife of
Peter Shearer; and Ellen is the wife of Adam
Shearer, of York.

Jeremiah D. Hess passed his youthful years
on the homestead farm in Springfield township,
and his educational discipline was secured in
the township schools^ which he continued to
attend until he was nineteen years of age.
Thereafter he continued to be associated with
his father in the work and management of the
farm until his marriage, in 1869, shortly after
which important event in his career he began
farming on his own account in the same town-
ship, where he remained two years. At the
expiration of that time he came to his present
farm, which his father had purchased several
years before. Upon the death of his father
he bought the interests of the other heirs, and
has since given his attention to the supervision
of his fine landed estate, which now comprises
two hundred and two acres, as he sold off two
acres to be used for residence purposes. The
soil is fertile, and has been wisely cared for,
while the permanent improvements consist of
new and modern buildings. Mr. Hess is
recognized as a progressive and up-to-date
farmer. He is an advocate of Republican
principles, and both he and his wife are valued
members of the Lutheran Church at Paradise.

In 1869 Mr. Hess was married to Miss
Emeline Shearer, who was bom and reared in
Springfield township, a daughter of Solomon
and Rebecca (Goodling) Shearer, the former
of whom died in York township, and is'buried
in the cemetery at Paradise, while his wife
still survives him, maintaining her home in
Springfield township. Mr. and Mrs. Hess
have six children, namely : Eli, who married
Miss Annie Inners, is a cigarmaker by trade
and resides in Rye, York township; Pious, re-
maining at the parental home and associated
in the work of the farm, is also a merchant at
Rye ; Adam, who likewise remains at home,
married Miss Hattie Ness; Oliver Allen, who
married Miss Agnes Reichard, resides in York



BIOGRAPHICAL



941



township, a cigarmaker by vocation; Ueljecca
is the wife of I'empest Ness, of York township ;
and Solomon Peter is identified with the work
of the homestead farm.

GEORGE MANN. Among the strong
business firms of York, Pa., ma}' be numbered
that composed of George Mann, Youra H.
Fleck and Seth D. Jones, and carrying on an
extensive business in cut stone contracting,
they handhng large l^locks of granite suitable
for the base of monuments, cur1)ing, etc. They
are the leading contractors of York, aind their
field of operations extends throughout this city
and neighboring towns and cities. The yards are
conveniently situated in West York, adjacent
to the, N. C. railroad, with siding connection,
aind are well-equipped with all machinery and
appliances necessary for the proper conduct of
their line of work, including a fine steam plant,
with a series of gang saws, where stone is
sawed out and prepared for trimming all kinds
of buildings, and a series of derricks for han-
dling, loading and unloading on cars, con-
structed on the latest and most approved plans,
capable of hoisting and lowering blocks weigh-
ing fifteen tons.

George Mann, senior member of the firm,
was born in the city of York, April 14, 1864,
"son of Anthony and Dorothy (Baine) Mann.
When only thirteen years of age, Mr. Mann
left the public schools, and for one and one-half
years worked on a farm, and for three years
more was engaged in truck farming. This
long period at farming was broken by one sea-
son's work, when he was eighteen, as mason
and brick layer. In Februar)', 1883. he be-
gan stone cutting with John Roder, remaining
with him until the latter's death — a period of
about one year and seven months. Mr. Mann
followed this trade ten years. In January,
1893, he associated himself with his present
partners, under the firm style of Mann & Co.,
meeting with marked success from the start.

In 1888 Mr. Mann married Miss Rosine
Munchel, of York, born June i, 1864, daugh-
ter of George and Elizabeth (Elsesser) Mun-
chel, and the following children have been born
to them: Agnes E.. born March 3. 1890;
George A., born Dec. 4. 1891 ; Lawrence A.,
born Nov. 9, 1893: John H.. born Sept. 8,
T895 ; Mary B., born C3ct. 28. 1900; Rosalie C.
born July 27, 1902, died Jan. 16. 1905: Eliza-
beth B., 1x>rn June 26. 1904; and Anna M..
born Sept. 27, 1905.



Fraternally Mr. Mann is a member of the
Knights of Columbus. Both he and his wife
are consistent members of St. Mary's Catholic
Church. As a business man Mr. Mann has
gained and retains an enviable reputation for
probity and uprightness, and has many warm
personal friends not only in York, but through-
out the county.

Anthony Mann, father of George, emi-
grated from Germany in 1846, landing in Bal-
timore, Md., after a long voyage in a sailing
N'essel. He was a carpenter by trade, and he
came to York in 1853, purchasing a small
piece of ground on South George street, in the
Eighth ward. Mr. Mann found employment
in the car shops. He died at the age of sixty-
seven. In 1853, in Baltimore, he married
Dorothy Baine, who came to America from
Germany in 185 1. She still makes her home in
York, now being past seventy-two years of
age. Their children were: Anthony, Mar-
garet, Frank, Anna, John, George, Joseph,
John (2), Mary, Barbara and Katie.

JOHN A. BISKER, farmer, residing in
East Hopewell township, was bom at the
Grove Mill place, Jan. 13, 1857, and has passed
all of his life in that township.

Henry Bisker, grandfather of John A., was
born in Prussia, Germany, and lived in Co-
dorus township, York county, where he en-
gaged in farming and died at the home of his
son, Andrew, in East Hopewell township.

John H. Bisker, our subject's father, was
also born in Prussia, Germany, and came to
the United States when a boy, with his parents,
who landed at Baltimore, whence they came to
Codorus township, locating on a farm. He
learned the blacksmith's trade, and removed
to East Hopewell township, where he rented a
shop at Grove's Mill. There he married
Elizabeth Bowman, of East Hopewell town-
ship. He followed his trade until his removal
to Baltimore, where he worked on public works
at Sparrow's Point, and later returned to East
Hopewell township, li\'ing with our subject for
some time, Mrs. Bisker having died some time
before. Mr. Bisker married (second) Lizzie
Kaufifman, of Yoe, and for the last three years
has been making his home in Dallastown! He
was a soldier in Company B, 130th P. V. I..
and participated in many of the largest battles
of the war, among which may be mentioned the
battle of Antietam. He is a member of the
Methodist Church. Up to a few years a,cr,> he



942



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



was a Democrat, but since that time has been
in sympathy with the Repubhcan party. He
had these children : John A. ; Maggie, Mrs.
Strong Holhngshed, of Baltimore Co., Md. ;
James, of East Hopewell township, who mar-
ried Miss Agnes Honigan ; Henry, of Yoe, who
married Miss Annie A. Slenker; and Martin
F. L., of Red Lion, who married Annie
Ichard.

John A. Bisker was educated in the public
schools, but had poor chances for a good edu-
cation, having to work upon the farrn when he
g'rew old enough. He also helped his father
at blacksmi thing when he was sixteen years
old, and learned the trade, which he followed
several years, until his health failed, since
which time he has not followed that occupa-
tion so steadily. He worked for his father un-
til his marriage and then purchased a piece of



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