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sible for much of the work.

Air. Krout was married in 1874 to Lucinda
Bair, daughter of Joseph and Susan (Shearer)
Bair, the former of whom died at Jefferson
borough in 1877, and she in 1902. The chil-
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Krout were : ( i ) Puria
Hope married Rev. Charles F. Jacobs, a Luth-



lOOO



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



eran clergj-man of West York borough, and
they have t'wo children, Dorothy and Margaret.
{2) Palled Bertram, who learned the wood
turning trade with his father, attended the
York Academy in 1895-6, and was graduated
at Gettysburg College in 1901, taking the first
prize as a civil engineer, and he has an excel-
lent position with the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, at Wilmington, Del. ; he married
Sarah Raffensberger. (3) Joseph David, who
is a Lutheran minister located at the Stone
Church in Northampton county. Pa., at-
tended the York County Academy, and durmg
his vacations learned the turning trade with his
father, then spent a year at the York County
Collegiate Institute, at York, and was gradu-
ated at Gettysburg College in the same class
with his brother, in 1901, and from the Gettys-
Tjurg Theological Seminary in 1904; he mar-
ried Blanche Spangler, of Harrisburg.

Mr. Krout is a Democrat in politics. He is
elder in the Union Lutheran Church of York,
and Mrs. Krout is president of the Aid Society
and a valued teacher in the Sunday-school.
They all are very highly respected people.

JAMES W. ZONE was born in Dillsburg,
York county, son of Scott Zone, and is now
located in Newberry township, this county.

Scott Zone was born in York county, the
other children in his father's family being:
John, living in York; Abraham, a farmer of
Kansas; and Katie, a resident of some
"western state. Scott Zone was well edu-
cated at the common schools, after which he
learned the boiler making trade with the York
J\Ianufacturing Company, of York, with which
concern he remained a number of years. He
then went to Stulton, Dauphin county, and
worked at his trade until 1900, when he re-
moved to York city, and has since been living
a retired life at No. 129 South Pine street. He
married Barbara Ziegler, daughter of Edward
Ziegler, and their children were: Berda, wife
of Albert Wonplin, of York; Florence, mar-
ried and living in Mechanicsburg; and
James W.

James W. Zone attended the common and
graded schools of Dillsburg, after which he
w-ent to Huntingdon, Pa., and entered into an
electrical business with D. C. Carpenter, there
remaining for three years, doing all kinds of
electrical work, while the following two years
lie was with a large electrical house in Reading.
His next change brought him to York, and he



was here engaged with the Edison Company
two years and three months. At that time he
found it to his advantage to enter the employ
of the York Manufacturing Company and he
continued with that concern for two years and
seven months, leaving it in August, 1901, to
go to York Haven to take charge of the elec-
trical work at that place, having four assist-
ants under him. Mr. Zone has been very suc-
cessful in his work, and he has given universal
satisfaction.

In 1902, Mr. Zone married Nettie Roden-
houser, daughter of George and Annie F. Ro-
denhouser, who was born at Littlestown,
Adams Co., Pa. Their only child, Grace, is
now deceased.

In addition to other interests, Mr. Zone is
one of the largest stockholders in the York
Haven Canning Company, and he owns his
pleasant home. He is a member of the M. C.
Lodge of York, and takes an active interest in
that organization. In politics he is a Republi-
can. Both Mr. and Mrs. Zone have many
friends.

W. SMITH HEIGES, an enterprising
business man of York, Pa., connected with the
New York Mutual Life Insurance Company,
was born in that city Aug. 8, 1869, a son of Dr.
Heiges, the leading dental surgeon of York, a
sketch of whom will be found elsewhere.

Mr. Heiges was educated in the York
schools, completing the high school course, and
subsequently entered the Philadelphia College
of Pharmacy, from which he was graduated in
1889. He spent eighteen years altogether in-
the drug house of Smith & Co., Market street,
being there three years before he entered the
College of Pharmacy. In 1903 he became as-
sociated with George M. Rynick, the district
agent of the New York Mutual Life Insurance
Company, and he has been more than usually
successful in this line. He is well known to all
the citizens of York, and enjoys public confi-
dence and esteem.

Mr. Heiges has been very prominently iden-
tified with several fraternal societies, particu-
larly the Elks, of which he is past exalted ruler
of York Lodge, No. 213; he is the only hono-
rary life member of this lodge, the distinction
having been conferred for services rendered.
In 1904 he served as district deputy grand ex-
alted ruler of the Elks for Central Pennsylva-
nia, and declined a second term when this mark
of esteem was tendered him. He is also past



BIOGRAPHICAL



master artisan, A. O. M. Protection, and is
vice-president of the Rex Hook and Ladder
Company of York.

In politics Mr. Heiges votes with the Dem-
ocratic party. He is an active member of St.
John's Episcopal Church, and belongs to its
vestry.

JAMES P. WEISER, one of York's en-
terprising young business men, at the present
time employed with the well known Reuben
Ness Spoke Works, is a native of that city,
born there in 187 1. He is a son of Augustus
Weiser, who followed farming, but was a car-
penter by trade.

Mr. Weiser was educated in the common
schools of his native city, and at an early age
learned the electrotyping trade with the Hub-
ley Printing Co., of York, where he remained
nine years. Since leaving that concern he has
been employed at the Reuben Ness Spoke
Works, and is one of that company's most
■skilled mechanics.

Mr. Weiser was united in marriage with
Miss Emma Heindel, daughter of William and
Catherine (Wallick) Heindel. Mrs. Weiser's
parents were very prominent in agricultural
■circles in York county, and the father died Nov.
19, 1889, since which time the mother has been
making her home with Mrs. Weiser. Mr. and
Mrs. Weiser have one son, Chester Augustus,
a bright little fellow now attending school.
They make their home at No. 874 East Market
street, York.

JOHN THOMAS STARK, who since
1902 has held, the position of night engineer at
the York Manufacturing Company's plant in
York, was born in that city April 2, 1847, son
of John and Rachel (LeFevre) Stark.

John T. Stark attended the schools of
York until the call for volunteers for the army
in the Civil war, when he enlisted as a drummer
boy, being but fourteen years old at the time.
He served throughout the war, receiving his
honorable discharge July 31, 1865. He then
reenlisted in the regular army, and served until
1 87 1, when he was discharged with the rank
•of sergeant. In that year he returned to York,
-engaging at different positions, seven years
being spent on the York police force. In 1900
lie engaged with the York Manufacturing Com-
pany as watchman, in 1902 being promoted to
the position of night engineer, an oi^ce he has
rsince held.



In 1 88 1 Mr. Stark married Ellen Motter,
daughter of Joseph and Eva (Oberlin) Mot-
ter, and to this union these children have been
born : Anna J., a graduate of the York High
school, who also attended the Millersville Nor-
mal School in Lancaster county, is now teach-
ing school in York ; and George L., also a grad-
uate of the York High school, is a draftsman
for the York Manufacturing Company. In
politics Mr. Stark is a Democrat, and is greatly
interested in the success of his party in this
section. He is a member of St. Paul's Luth-
eran Church. He is popular in fraternal cir-
cles and is a member of the Jr. O. U. A. M.,
Codorus Council No. 115; I. O. F., No. 853;
the A. O. K. of M. C, No. 34; and the Grand
Army of the Republic, Post No. 37.

JOHN WILLIAM ROYER, of York, Pa.,
engaged in the grain, feed, flour, hay and straw
business, was born March 12, 1865, at West-
minster, Md., son of Amos Rover.

Amos Royer was a farmer of Westminster,
Md., and he and his wife were the parents of
the following children : Ida, who married
Nathan E. Franklin, died at the age of thirty-
three years; Mattie R., wife of George W.
Huh, lives at Roland Park, Baltimore; David
E. married Effie G. Shreiner, and lives in North
Dakota ; and John William.

John William Royer attended the Meadow
Branch school of his native State, and after
graduating taught school for four years. In
1889 he was united in marriage with Lydia A.
Aldinger, a daughter of Jacob and Eliza
(Sprenkle) Aldinger. After his marriage he
located on his father-in-law's farm, at the west-
ern part of York city, which is now known as
Eberton, or West York. Here he remained
eight years, following agricultural pursuits, the
last two years being spent in trucking. He
then came to York, where he purchased a fine
residence on West King street. Mr. Royer
built a fine factory, 36x25, three stories high,
and engaged in the hay, grain, feed, flour and
straw business in which he has continued very
successfully ever since.

Mr. Royer's first wife died Oct. 29, 1902,
and is buried at the Green Mount cemetery,
York. They had the following children : Wal-
ter, who was drowned in the reservoir at York,
Oct. 9, 1903; Anna; James; David; John E. ;
Jacob N. and George A. On April 2, 1904,
Mr. Royer was married (second) to Mary E.
Graham, daughter of Amos Graham, of Fred-



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



erick Co., ]\Id. To this union has been bom
one daughter, Ruth Naomi, born April 30,
1905, at York, Pa. He united with the Ger-
man Baptist Church at the age of seventeen
years, Dec. 16, 1882, and later on became iden-
tified with the Old Order Brethren, which or-
ganization elected him to the ministry, Oct. 13,
1905.

ISAAC HARBOLD, the popular black-
smith located at Hall, Washington township,
York county, was born in 1865, in that town-
ship, son of John and grandson of George Har-
bold.

George Harbold, the grandfather, was born
in York county, Pa., where he operated a mill
and also farmed at Big Dam. His children
were: Samuel, Daniel, Peter, John, Cather-
ine and Susan.

John Harbold, father of Isaac, was born in
Washington township, York county, and in
manhood he bought a farm of 126 acres in his
native township, on which he lived the rest of
his life, dying at the age of fifty-eight years.
His death took place at New Oxford, Adams
county. He married Maria Baer, who resides
at Hall. Their children, besides Isaac, the sub-
ject proper of this sketch, were: Emory, a
blacksmith at Middletown ; Jesse, a blacksmith
at Milton Grove, Lancaster county; Wilson, a
farmer in Washington township; John T., a
druggist at Philadelphia; Joseph, a farmer at
Tabor, la. ; Annie, married and living at New
Oxford; Ida, wife of John Bower, of Middle-
town, Dauphin county; Gertrude, wife of
Emanuel Z. Huntzer, of Hall ; Mattie, wife of
Noah Grove, of Reading township, Adams
county; Barbara, unmarried; and Fibbie, who
died aged seventeen months.

Until he was seventeen years of age, Isaac
Harbold attended school pretty regularly, and
then assisted his father in cultivating the home
farm until he was twenty-one years old, when
he went into threshing and followed this busi-
ness very successfully all through York county,
for some nine years. Then he engaged in the
implement business at Wellsville for a year, but
in 1897 he came to his present stand at Hall.
He has a convenient and well-fitted shop, 45x38
feet in dimensions, where he does general
blacksmithing, repairing and painting of bug-
gies. He also builds machinery for sawing.
Being a careful and skilled mechanic, he has a
large trade and through industry is accumulat-
ing a competency.



Mr. Harbold married Ellen E. Renicker,
daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth F. Ren-
icker, of Carroll county, Md. They have these
children : Benjamin F., Annie E., Granville
Eugene, Russell T. and Melvin. In poli-
tics Mr. Harbold is a Democrat. He is a
member of the Mennonite Church at Hall. He
is a progressive, wide-awake young business
man who possesses the respect and esteem of
his whole community.

EARLE W. GARDNER. The city of
York has attained distinctive precedence as a
manufacturing and commercial center, and one
of its most magnificent and important industrial
concerns is the York Manufacturing Company,
for which the subject of this review is the pur-
chasing agent, while there can be naught of in-
consistency in stating that he is one of the rep-
resentative young business men of his native
State, even as he is a member of one of the old
and honored families of the Keystone Common-
wealth. He is a grandson of Benjamin and
Sabina E. Gardner, natives of Adams county.

Eugene C. Gardner, father of our subject,
is the local editor of the Meclmnicsburg Jour-
nal, published in Mechanicsburg, Cumberland
county. When a young man he was united in
marriage to Miss Susan Wilson, daughter of
Robert Wilson, of Mechanicsburg, where the
latter was postmaster for a number of years.
Mr. and Mrs. Gardner became the parents of
four children, as follows : Pauline died in
1896 at the age of twenty-two years; Bertha is
the wife of Alfred J. Snyder, of Carlisle, this
State, where he is engaged in the wholesale
leather business ; Grace remains at the parental
home; and Earle W. is the immediate subject
of this review.

Earle W. Gardner was born in Mechanics-
burg, Cumberland county, Feb. 7, 1873, and
after completing the work of the public schools
of his native town he studied in the Chaffee
Business College, in Oswego, N. Y., where he
secured a very thorough training, ably fortify-
ing himself for the practical duties of business,
being graduated from that institution in the
class of 1893. After leaving school he secured
a position as stenographer in Philadelphia,
where he remained for several months, and he
then secured a position in the office of the Frick
Company at Waynesboro, Pa., where he re-
mained four years. At the expiration of that
time, in 1897, he came to York and assumed
the duties of his present position, for which he



BIOGRAPHICAL



1003



has proved eminently qualified, handling the
important details intrusted to his care with con-
summate discrimination and facility. In a fra-
ternal way Mr. Gardner is identified with tiie
P. O. S. of A., the Junior Order of American
Mechanics and the Bachelor's Club. While re-
siding in Waynesboro he was secretary of the
Centennial Association and of the general com-
mittee which inaugurated and c arried to a suc-
cessful outcome the centennial celebration
which was given in 1897. Both he and his
wife are zealous and valued members of St.
Paul's Lutheran Church. In politics our sub-
ject is a Republican.

On Feb. 12, 1895, Mr. Gardner was united
in marriage with Miss Florence M. Eberly,
daughter of Benjamin F. Eberly, a lumber mer-
chant of Adams county, and a veteran of the
Civil war, in which he served as a member of
Company I, 200th P. V. I., and was a member
of the signal corps of that regiment. Mr. and
Mrs. Gardner became the parents of three chil-
dren, namely : Earle W., Jr., who died June 3,
1903, at the age of three years; and Jeane F.
and Grace E., who are attending the public
schools.

HARRY H. SWARTZ, a prosperous and
enterprising young farmer of Jackson town-
ship, York county, was born July 24, 1873, son
of Jesse and Catherine (Hershey) Swartz. He
received his education in the common schools of
Jackson township. At the age of twenty-one
Mr. Swartz removed to Illinois, where he re-
mained for some time, and on his return to the
place of ■ his nativity he engaged with P. H.
Glatfelter, at the paper-mill at Spring Grove.
Finding that he preferred an agricultural life,
Mr. Swartz rented a farm near Roth's church,
where he remained about one year, in 1901
purchasing his present home of 105 acres in
Jackson township, which was formerly owned
by his father, Jesse Swartz. Mr. Swartz has
been very successful in his agricultural opera-
tions and is justly considered one of the first-
class farmers of the township.

In 1899 Mr. Swartz married Miss Sarah
Sprenkle, daughter of Emanuel Sprenkle, and
this union has been blessed with two children,
K. Elizabeth and Ellen P. In religion the fam-
ily are members of the Lutheran Church. Mr.
Swartz favors the Democratic party in politics,
and always works for the interest of that party.
He has been elected to some of the township



offices, and he is most highly respected and very
well known.

GEORGE MALDEN BEARD, proprietor
of the Beard Foundry Co., at Glenville, Pa.,
and one of the enterprising and successful men
of this section of York county, was born Dec.
18, 1880, at Hanover, son of Henry H. and
Sarah V. (Kruntz) Beard.

The Beard family is an old established one
in the vicinity of Hanover, where William
Beard, the grandfather, carried on a large car-
riage business for a number of years. He mar-
ried a Miss Bart, and they had issue as follows :
Walter; William; Henry H. ; George; Mazzie,
wife of John Sprenkle, resides in the city of
York ; and Sallie, wife of Elic Rhodes, lives at
York.

Henry H. Beard, father of George M., was
reared at Hanover and attended the local
schools, learning the carriage painting business
with his father, which he followed until his
death in 1882, at the age of forty-five years.
His burial was at Hanover. He married Sarah
V. Kruntz, who still survives and lives at Han-
over. Their children were : William H., who
married Abice Altof, is foreman of a chair fac-
tory at Hanover; Minnie is the wife of Cirtus
Trone, of Hanover; Edward B., associated with
the Prudential Insurance Company, married
Carrie Horner; Bertha K. is at home; and
George Maiden.

George Maiden Beard attended the schools
at Hanover until he was eighteen years
of age, and then went to learn the trade of
molding, first with the old Hanover Machine
Co., completing his apprenticeship in one of the
large foundry shops of Baltimore, where he
spent fourteen months. After he returned to
Hanover he was employed by John Fritz, and
later in the American Foundry Machine shops
at Hanover, where he continued until this plant
was destroyed by fire in 1903.

Mr. Beard then came to Glenville and came
into possession of his present large plant, form-
erly the property of Jacob Klinefelter. Mr.
Beard's foundry is 50x100 feet in dimensions,
while the machine shop is 40x70 feet. Em-
ployment is given twenty-five skilled workmen,
and the output is all kinds of casting and gen-
eral repair work. Lie has a large jobbing trade
and makes a specialty of soil pipe. He has the
large sewer contract with the city of Gettys-
burg. Mr. Beard is a veritable business man.



I004



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



and has made his motto "promptness" — one
which he lives up to. The Beard Foundry Com-
pany plant is the largest industry in this part
of the county.

Mr. Beard resides with his mother at Han-
over, making daily trips to his foundry at Glen-
ville. He is a member of St. Matthew's Church
at Hanover, and one of the deacons. In poli-
tics he is a Republican.

CHARLES A. KNAUFF, a prominent
joung business man of York, Pa., engaged in
the news dealing and stationery business, at
No. 1 8 South George street, that city, was born
in Heidelberg-, Germany, Jan. 5, 1871.

Charles T. Knauff, father of our subject,
was a native of Germany, where he followed
cabinet making. He brought his family to
America in 1877, locating first in Philadelphia,
where he followed his trade until his death,
which occurred while he was on a visit to his
native country in 1888. His widow still re-
sides in Philadelphia. They had these children :
Paul W. ; Adolph, who is employed with our
subject; Emma, wife of Frank S. Law; Eme-
lie ; Cora ; and Charles A.

Charles A. Knauff attended the public
schools of Philadelphia, and learned the hat
business. He also traveled for three years for
a hat firm, and then engaged in the retail hat
business in Philadelphia for two years, later
being employed by the Philadelphia Ledger and
the Record for three years. He engaged in
business in York in April, 1904, buying out the
business of Mr. C. E. Starr. He located at his
present stand April 15, 1905, and here he has
successfully continued to the present time.

Mr. Knauff is a member of the Red Men,
Conewago Tribe, No. 37, of York. Mr. Knauff
has built up a fine business, and his stock is al-
ways complete and up-to-date. He is very pop-
ular and his many friends are delighted with his
business success.

WILLIAM ALBERT LYNCH, of East
Hopewell township, York Co., Pa., who is
engaged in the cultivation of his farm, was born
in Stewartstown, Feb. 9, 1871. His great-
grandfather was a native of Lancaster Co., Pa.,
and his great-grandmother of France.

The grandparents both died in Lancaster
county. They had these children : Joseph,
who went to Nebraska, where he married, and
still resides ; Henry, who went first to Oklaho-
ma, and is now living at League City, Texas ;



George, a resident of Canton, Ohio; Lizzie,
who married John Ziegler, and died in Lancas-
ter county ; and Ephraim S.

Ephraim S. Lynch was" born in Lancaster
Co., Pa., June 5, 1840. He received but a
meager education in the public schools, and, his
parents having died when he was young, he was
forced to work out at day's labor for his board
and clothes. He learned the trade of wheel-
wright, and for some time teamed about the ore
furnaces, finally getting to run an ore train.
During the Civil war, Mr. Lynch enlisted, Aug.
26, 1864, as a private of Company K, 203rd
P. V. I., and was honorably discharged June
22, 1865, at Raleigh, N. C. Mr. Lynch was a
great sufferer from typhoid fever while in the
army, and would have undoubtedly died except
for succor given him by a comrade. Mr. Lynch
lived for a time in Hopewell township, and
after his marriage removed to below Stewarts-
town, where he followed his trade for a time,
later located in the borough of the same name,
and purchased property, upon which he died
May 20, 1904. He mari'ied Miss Sarah J.
Hammer, born near Stewartstown, March 17,
1843, daughter of George W. and Grace Ann
Hammer. Mr. and Mrs. Lynch were Metho-
dists, and he was sexton of the church at Stew-
artstown for many years. In political princi-
ple he was a Republican, and held a number of
minor offices in his borough. Mrs. Lynch still
survives, and makes her home at Newark, N.
J. These children vvere born to the parents of
our subject: Anne, who died in infancy-, Wil-
liam Albert; and George E., born Nov. 15,
1879, who married Meta Roudenbush, a native
of Bremen, Germany, who came to the United
States when ten years old.

William Albert Lynch attended the public
schools of his native borough, and followed
day's labor for his father until his marriage,
June 16, 1897, to Miss Ida F. Manifold, born
near Hopewell Centre, May 27, 1874, daughter
of Archibald and Jemima H. (Meads) Mani-
fold, the former of whom was born near Hope-
well Centre, March 13, 1839. She was edu-
cated in the public schools of East Hopewell
township, principally under Miss Maggie Wal-
lace and Miss Annie Liggett. Mrs. Lynch grew
to womanhood in the neighborhood of her na-
tive place. Archibald Manifold worked as a
tenant for several years and spent his married
life at Hopewell Centre, for the past four years
he and his wife having been living with our
subject. Mr. Manifold enlisted as a private in



BIOGRAPHICAL



1005,



1863, at Washington, D. C, and was with
Sherman as a teamster, and was discharged
near Richmond at the end of nine months. Mrs.
Manifold, who is the daughter of Elisha Meads,
was born in Harford Co., Md., Sept. 17, 1832,
and Hved there until marriage.

After marriage Mr. and Mrs. William Al-
bert Lynch lived in Stewartstown, where he
worked on a farm. His present place he pur-
chased in 1 90 1, and located on it in the spring
of 1902. Mr. Lynch joined the M. E. Church
at Stewartstown, but after settling in his pres-
ent location he joined the Hopewell Presbyte-
rian Church. Mrs. Lynch joined this church
at the age of thirteen years, and has been a
member ever since. She has been a member of
the Sunday-school also, and from time to time
has taken classes. In politics Mr. Lynch is a
Republican, and while in Stewartstown served
in many minor offices. The following children
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Lynch : Dorris De



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