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ness, which he is still continuing very success-
fully. They have ten children : Ida M. mar-
ried John Henry Brough. Sarah B. married
George A. Klinefelter, a native of Hanover,
now resides in Baltimore, and is engaged very
extensively in the laundry business in Balti-
more, Washington and Philadelphia; they



have one daughter, Katie, and son George
Young. Robert E., a resident of Omaha, ex-
tensively engaged in the fruit commission busi-
ness, is married to Nellie Morris, and they have
one son William. Cora B., who is married to
Dr. Horace M. Alleman, a prominent physi-
cian, of Hanover, Pa., has one son, Winne-
more. Gi'ace M. married Harry C. Naill, an
active young business man, manager of the
Naill Chair factory, and they have four chil-
dren, Richard Young, Catherine Elizabeth,
William and Mary. Anna Catharine married
Frank H. Jenkins, a druggist and member of
the firm of Emlet & Jenkins, and they have one
son, Mitchell. Edward B. lives in Philadel-
phia; he is connected with his brother-in-law,
Mr. Klinefelter, in the laundry business, at
present managing the Philadelphia plant. Car-
rie A., Helen E. and Henry William live at
home.

REUBEN A. PAULES holds the position
of secretary and treasurer of the York Wagon
Gear Company. He was born Dec. 12, 1848,
in Lower Windsor township, at a place now
called Yorkana, son of Jacob and Julia (Kel-
ler) Paules.

John Michael Paules, the great-great-
grandfather of Reuben A., was born in Ger-
many in 1699, and his wife, Catherine, in 1705.
They were married in 1723, and their first
daughter, Christina, born in 1725, was received
as a member of the Reformed Church in 1 739 ;
AppaJona was born in 1731 : Magdalena, in
1734; Maria, in 1736; Lawrence, born in 1743,
settled in the State of Virginia, but all trace
of his descendants is lost ; Henry located in the
eastern part of Pennsylvania ; John Adam is-
mentioned below.

John Adam Paules was born in Germany in
1740 and came to this country with his parents
in 1742, settling in Lower Windsor township,
at a place now called Margaretta Furnace,
where his son, Adam, was born.

Adam Paules was a farmer and justice of
the peace: in 1859 became a York county com-
missioner, serving as such until 1862, and then
lived retired until his death, in 1867. He was
buried at Canadochley church. He married
Elizabeth Hartzler, born in Lower \\'indsor
township, who died in 1858 and was buried at
the same place as her husband.

Jacob Paules, the father of Reuben A.



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



Panics, was born in I\Iay, 1823, in Lower
Windsor township, and there received a com-
mon school education. After leaving school
he learned the tanner's trade, and later farmed
his father's property. His death occurred in
1849, ^"d '^s ^'^"'^s buried at Canadochley
church, Lower Windsor township. His wife
w^as born May 6, 1827, in Lower Windsor
township, the daughter of Peter and Salome
(Will) Keller.

Reuben A. Paules received a common-school
education in Lower ^^^indsor township, where
he remained until he was twenty years of age.
He then attended the York County Academy
for one term, after which he taught school for
one year in Lower Windsor and North Codorus
townships. ]\Ir. Paules then served a two
years' apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade
under his uncle, Peter W. Keller. Later he
removed to Freeport, 111., where he remained
but a short period, returning home to start a
general store near ]\Iargaretta Furnace. This
he operated for sixteen years also engaging
in the manufacture of cigars. In 1895 Mr.
Paules located in York, and purchased the in-
terest of Peter AV. Keller in the York Wagon
Gear Company, with which firm he now holds
the position of secretary and treasurer.

In 1873 ^^^'- Paules married Eliza J. Gil-
bert, daughter of Joseph and Leah Gilbert, of
Lower Windsor township, the former a farmer
of that township. To this union have been
born the following children: Jacob ]\Iark;
Annie M. ; Robert N. ; Carrie M. ; Charles C. ;
and Rufus, who died in infancy.

Mr. Paules is a member of Heidelberg Re-
formed Church of York, with which Mrs.
Paules is also connected and which represents
the family faith for many generations. Mr.
Paules himself has been an elder and teacher
in the SundaA^-school for many years. He has
in his possession the family Bible of his ances-
tors, which was brought to this country in
1742, and which bears the date of 1670. The
Bible is in perfect condition and is prized verv
highly.

CLEMENT G. TRIMMER was born Oct.
17, 1846, in Paradise township, York county,
son of Jonas and Sarah (Grove) Trimmer,
and grandson of Barnet Trimmer.

Jonas Trimmer was born in Paradise town-
ship, where he married Sarah Grove, daughter



of Samuel Grove. Mr. Trimmer followed
farming in his native township until the age
of fifty-six, afterward living a retired life, until
his death at the age of sixty-eight years. His
wife died at the age of thirty-seven years, and
they were both buried in Paradise township.
The children born to this couple were as fol-
lows : Maria, who died in infancy ; Clement
G. ; George W., deceased; Joseph M., who died
at the age of fourteen years; Alice, wife of
Isaac Mummert, living in Paradise township;
and Sarah Ellen, who died in infancy.

Clement G. Trimmer attended the town-
ship schools until the age of thirteen years, and
assisted his father at farming until twenty-one
years of age, when he went to clerking at Big
Mount with John E. Zinn, with whom he re-
mained two years. He then returned to farm-
ing in Paradise township for five years, after
which he spent three }-ears in West Alanchester
township at farming". He then located in York,
and engaged in the mercantile business, which
he followed four years. In 1892 he embarked
in the manufacturing business, making overalls
and shirts, and built a fine up-to-date factory,
two stories high, 22x60 feet, in which he em-
ploys twenty hands. Mr. Trimmer sells his
goods in York and Baltimore, where he always
finds a ready market, his trade having in-
creased greatly since its inception.

In 1869 Mr. Trimmer was united in mar-
riage with Emma Elizabeth Zinn, daughter of
Jacob R. and Elizabeth (Emig) Zinn, and
these children have been born to this union :
William H., residing at home; Sarah Eliza-
beth, wife of George K. Pfaltzgraff, of York:
Flora M's.j, who was the wife of Charles
R. Holinger, and died in 1902; Jonas R., an
electrician, a member of the firm of John E.
Graybill & Co., of York'; Martha Emma, at
home; Alice Katie^, who died in infancy; and
Clarence E., at home. PoliticaUy Mr. Trim-
mer is a Republican. He is a member of the
German Baptist Church, in which he has al-
ways taken an active interest.

During the Rebel invasion during the Civil
war Mr. Trimmer, with eighteen of his neigh-
bors, left home with forty-five horses, for Lan-
caster county, but they could not cross the Sus-
quehanna River, so turned into the River
mountains, remaining- one week. Thinking the
danger over they started for home, but when
within five miles from their destination thev



BIOGRAPHICAL



203



were captured by Stuart's Cavalry, with all
their horses, taken along fifteen miles farther
and set at liberty, being obliged, however, to
leave the horses.

COL. WILLIAM H. H. WELSH has the
most remarkable record, as soldier and
prisoner of war, of any man in York county.
He belongs to an old York family, his grand-
father, John, having owned an extensive tan-
nery in York ; and his father, Jacob Welsh,
who died at the age of seventy-three years,
having been a well known tobacconist. ]Mr.
\\'elsh"s mother was Eliza Schall, and she was
the mother of children as follows : John R.,
who died at the age of thirty-eight years ;
Elizabeth, wife of Artemus Wilhelm, of
Shrewsbury, York county; Margaret, wife of
John Mitzel, of York; Annie, wife of William
Kauffman, of York; Vinton R., a tobacconist,
of York ; Martha, wife of Henry Steininger,of
York ; Jacob, a clerk of York ; C. Spangler, of
York; Franklin B., a member of the city police
force of York; Samuel and Penrose, cigar-
makers of York ; Oscar, a druggist of Newark,
N. J. ; and William H. H., whose name heads
this article.

William H. H. Welsh was born in York,
Nov. 21, 1841, was educated in its public
schools, and learned cigarmaking in his
father's shop. At fifteen years of age he com-
menced work as a carpenter, remaining thus
employed one year, and then (in 1857) enlist-
ing in the 2nd Dragoons, U. S. A. .serving thus
one year. Mr. Welsh was only sixteen years
old when he enlisted and was sent with his
company to L'tah to fight Brigham Young, but
the Mormon leader yielded to the forces that
confronted him, and the trouble passed with-
out bloodshed. At the end of his term of
service Mr. Welsh returned to York, but, at
the first call for troops in the war of the Re-
bellion, enlisted, and became orderly sergeant
in the Shawnee Guards, under Captain Welsh.
He was discharged at the expiration of his
three-months' term, and on Sept. 11, 1861, en-
listed as third sergeant in Company D, 87th
P. V. I. His first promotion was in the spring
of 1863, when he was made 2nd lieutenant. He
was captured by the Rebels at the battle of
Winchester, June 15, 1863, and was promoted
to the position of ist lieutenant while a prisoner
of war, having been a prisoner from 1863 to



1865. He was placed in the Libby dungeon
for six weeks for attempting to escape. When
liberated he was so weak he could scarcely
walk, crawling upstairs on his hands and knees.
He could take handfuls of mold from his
beard, and had had no meat for seventeen days.
There was 1,800 prisoners in Libby at the time
Colonel Welsh was there, and, after he had
gained some strength, he and ten other pris-
oners gave an entertainment. JNIany of them
had instiiiments and knew how to play them,
and, after fitting up a stage, spent $1,500 in
Confederate money for the printing of the
programs, one of which Colonel \\^elsh has in
his possession at the present time. After
spending eleven months in Libby prison.
Colonel Welsh was sent to Danville, then to
^lacon, Ga., and next to Charleston, S. C,
where 500 Union prisoners were placed under
the fire of the Federal guns. After some other
changes in his imprisonment. Colonel \\'elsh
was sent, with others, to Columbia, S. C,
where the Union prisoners were compelled to
live on corn-meal and molasses. On Nov. 9,
1864, Colonel Welsh escaped, with eight
others, and were followed by bloodhounds.
They divided into two parties, five in one and
four in the other. Colonel Welsh had in his
party, Captain Skelton, Captain Wilson, of
Ohio, and Captain Dusenberry. of Newark. N.
J. They succeeded in getting to Transylvania
county, N. C, surrounded by Rebels at almost
every point of the route, but they managed to
e^-ade their enemies, and built a little log cabin,
in which they lived for four weeks, during
which time they became acquainted with seven-
teen deserters from the Confederate army.
This made a party of twenty-one men, and.
all of them being armed, they started on their
perilous march from Ducktown, Tenn. After
marching for three days and three nights, they
Mere attacked by 100 Rebel cavalrymen, but
Colonel Welsh, Captain Dusenberry and one of
the Confederate deserters escaped. They trav-
eled three days without food, then, encounter-
ing the Notley river, crossed a bridge and were
compelled by hunger to approach a house for
food. There they found a man named Brown,
and after considerable talk, disclosed their
identity. Brown gave them a good supper,
kept them all night, and directed them on an
underground railroad to a man named Bussey,
who had sons in the Union arm}'. It was foggy



204



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



at eight o'clock in the morning, but toward
noon the mist cleared, and they came to a road,
fohowing which they reached a house, where
they received directions, traveling until four
o'clock in the afternoon, when they were sur-
prised by a squad of Rebel cavalry and re-
captured. They were taken back eleven miles
and recrossed the river, but the next morning
they again escaped and succeeded in again
reaching their friend Brown's, where they re-
ceived new directions, and for a second time
found their way to Bussey's, the latter' s son
being now at home. Through the friendly of-
fices of the Busseys, the escaped prisoners were
guided to Tennessee. During his imprison-
ment, as well as during his weary marches by
dav and night. Colonel Welsh and his comrade
lived largely on raw pumpkins and raw corn,
being two months and nineteen days in es-
caping.

Colonel Welsh was honorably discharged
at Washington, D. C, and his first employment
after the war was in the building of Chambers-
burg, Pa. This work having been finished.
Colonel Welsh returned to York, where he be-
came a letter carrier under the penny-delivery
system, and then a carrier in the service now
in vogue, remaining in that capacity until
President Cleveland's administration. In 1888
Colonel Welsh started the bottling business in
Y^ork, and on March 18, 1904, added to that
hue the wine and liquor trade, at No. 129
North George street.

William H. H. Welsh was married in
October, 1865, to Emma A. Swartz, of Han-
over, Y'ork county, daughter of Augustus
Swartz. who had served in the Union army,
and was the editor of the Hanover Citizen.
Mr. and Mrs. Welsh have had one daughter
born to them — Ida E., the wife of Charles F.
Welsh, who is a partner with Colonel Welsh
in the wine and liquor business. To the latter
couple has been born one child — Eugene S.

Colonel Welsh belongs to the B. P. O.
Elks. In politics he is a Republican. He has
little time, however, for politics or lodge af-
fairs, and when not devoting himself to busi-
ness, may be found in his commodious and ele-
gant home on West Market street. One of the
apartments in his dwelling, which he calls his
"den," is an ideal place for contented retire-
ment. Here his male friends may smoke and
chat to their heart's content, and there is no



cosier retreat in all Y^ork. Among the pictures
in this apartment is a reproduction of the pen-
drawing that Colonel Welsh made of the log
cabin he built, which was occupied by himself
and companions while escaping from the Rebel
prison. A pleasant recollection of Colonel
Welsh is that concerning Sam Tinsley, one of
the Rebel deserters who joined his party when
they were escaping. This man was with them
when they were recaptured, and was ordered to
be shot, but Colonel Welsh interceded for him,
saved his life and brought him to Y'ork. This,
however, was only one of many intensely in-
teresting experiences in the capture and escape
of Colonel Welsh, to give a full recital of
which would in itself require a good sized vol-
ume.

JOSEPH D. BROWN, for many years a
coachmaker in York county, whose death Dec.
31, 1903, caused deep regret among his many
friends, was a native of East Berlin, Adams
county, where he was born March 3, 1840.

Jacob Brown, father of Joseph D., was a
Dunkard preacher of considerable local re-
nown. His week-day occupation was that of
a saddler, and he worked faithfully at the
duties laid upon him in both fields. His death
was an untimely one, for he reached only the
age of forty years, dying in 1852. He was
buried in Mummei"t's Meeting House in
Adams county. His wife's maiden name was ■
Leah King.

Joseph D. Brown attended the school in
East Berlin, and after finishing his education
learned the coachmaking trade with his
brother-in-law, at Dillsburg, York county. In
1 87 1, shortly after his marriage, he settled in
Dover borough, and established himself in the
coachmaking business there, and for four years
continued to make his home there. In 1885
he moved to York, and resuming his former
occupation successfully continued it for six
years, finally retiring in 1891. Mr. Brown
was prominent in other than business circles,
as he was well known in politics, an active
worker for the Democratic party, and had also
been for thirty years a member of the Odd Fel-
lows Lodge at York. At the time of his death
Mr. Brown had reached the age of sixty-three
years, nine months and twenty-eight days. He
was married Dec. 4, 1870, to Miss Amanda
Strayer, and they became the parents of five



BIOGRAPHICAL



205



children, namel\' : Catherine, who died in in-
fancy; Mary Louise, born in Dover, who mar-
ried Augustus Bufilap, and lives in York;
Edith who died in infancy; Sally, born in
Dover, now Mrs. Charles Rittenhouse, of
York; and Anna, born in Dover, now Mrs.
Nevin Wagner, of York.

Mrs. Amanda Brown was a daughter of
Jacob and Sarah (Hamme) Strayer, the
former of whom was a farmer in Dover town-
ship, where he owned a tract of 160 acres. He
was the founder of Strayer' s Church, and
donated the ground where it is now situated.
Late in life he moved into Dover borough,
and there lived in retirement until he passed
from this world Sept. 17, 1885. He was buried
at Strayer's Church. His wife, whose maiden
name was Sarah Hamme, was a native of York
county, daughter of John and Mary Hamme.
She died more than a year before her husband,
April 10, 1884, and was buried in the family
lot near Strayer's Church. Their children
were: Amanda, Mrs. Brown; Theophilus, who
died in 1898, and was buried at Strayer's
Church ; Peter, a resident of Davidsburg,
Dover township ; Mary Ann, Mrs. Jacob Stauf-
fer, of Clear Spring, York county : Eliza, who
died in 1883, ^"fl is buried near the other de-
ceased members of the family ; Israel, of York
county ; Sarah, living in Clear Spring ; George,
of Dover; and Calvin, residing at Lewisburg.

JOSEPH ELSESSER. who ior many
years was prominently identified with the busi-
ness interests of York, retired from active life
in 1900, and on April 2, 1905, entered into rest
in the seventy-third year of his age.

Michael Elsesser, grandfather of Joseph,
was a farmer in Germany, where he died at
the age of eighty years, leaving these children :
Conrad, Michael, Henry, John, Elizabeth, and
Annie.

Michael Elsesser, father of Joseph, was a
shoemaker by trade, learning his occupation in
Bavaria, Germany. He came to America in
1841, landing at Baltimore, where he remained
but a short time. He came to York county,
where he followed his trade, and later came to
York City, where he died at the age of eighty-
three years and was buried in St. Mary's ceme-
tery. He was twice married, first to Mary
Flickenstine, who died leaving two children,
Lawrence and Joseph. Mr. Elsesser's second



marriage was to Margaret Elsesser, by whom
he had these children : John, Adam, George,
Rebecca, Mai7 Jane, and James.

Joseph Elsesser was born in Bavaria, Ger-
many, March 12, 1833, and first attended
school in his native country, finishing his edu-
cation in York county. He followed farming
in Dover township, York county, until twenty-
seven years of age, when he located in York
and learned shoemaking, which he continued
to follow until 1900, when he retired. In 1859
he started in the shoe business near Center
Square, in 1876 removing to No. 205 South
George street,where he engaged in the harness-
making business, which he carried on in con-
junction with his shoemaking. His place of
business at that location in York was well
known. In 1887 he built the home he occupied
at No. 636 East Prospect street, and also built
the residence next to it. He was interested in
real estate and put up a number of residences
in the Twelfth ward, or East York.

'Mr. Elsesser was united in marriage with
Eva Kemmerer, who died Dec. 17, 1894, and
was interred in St. Mary's cemetery. To Mr.
and Mrs. Elsesser the following children were
born: Mary, Michael, Louis, Kate, Erank,
Lena (wife of Edward Beck), George. Mag-
gie, Vincent, Joseph and Harry. Besides his
children Mr. Elesser leaves to mourn his loss
five brothers and two sisters : Lawrence, John
and Adam, of York; James, of Philadelphia;
George, of Baltimore; Mrs. Charles King, of
York; and Sister Helena, in a Catholic con-
vent in Tacoma, Washington.

Politically Mr. Elsesser was a Democrat.
In his religious connection he was a member of
St. Mary's Catholic Church, of which he was
one of the founders. He was one of the
directors of the Keystone Building & Loan As-
sociation. Throughout Mr. Elsesser's long and
active career his affairs were conducted with
the strictest honesty and fairness, and there
was none who enjoyed the confidence and re-
spect of his fellow citizens to a greater extent.

JOHN HENRY W^ESTERHOLD. who
owns and operates one of the finest drug stores
in York, is a native of that city and was born
March i, 1866, son of Frederick and Mary
(Rabe) Westerhold. The father was born in
1820, in Germany, and received his education
in his native country, where he was reared to



2o6



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



manhood. When twenty-one years of age he
came to the United States, and, settHng in
York. Pa., spent ten years in the milhng busi-
ness in Spring- Garden township, with P. A.
& S. Small He then engaged with the same
firm to take charge of the iron department of
their business, for twenty-three years, retiring
a decade prior to his death, which occurred in
his seventy-third year. He married Mary
Rabe, both in Germany, who died in 1885 and
was mterred, as was her husband, in Prospect
Hill cemetery. They had children as follows:
Sarah, born in York in 1864 and married to
Frank Bierman; John Henry; and ten chil-
dren who are deceased.

John Henry Westerhold attended a private
school in York for nine years and at the age
of fourteen commenced to clerk for Dale &
Hart, druggists (now Dale & Co.). In their
employ Mr. Westerhold spent nineteen years,
and, after receiving his certificate from the
State Board of Examiners at Harrisburg, on
Sept. 13, 1887, engaged in the drug business
with George W. Sample, whose interest he
purchased two years later. Since that time
Mr. Westerhold has conducted the business
alone, and has one of the finest establishments
in his line in the city. His place of business
is located at the corner of Beaver and Market
streets.

In 1895 Mr. Westerhold was united in mar-
riage with Ida Jane Patrick, daughter of John
and Sarah (Mann) Patrick, of Lisbon,
Howard Co., Md., farming people of that sec-
tion. To this union have come two children:
Olive Joy, born in York Oct. 9, 1900, and
Frederick Henry, born in the same city Aug.
29, 1902. Mr. Westerhold is a member of the
Fraternal Order of Eagles at York. His re-
ligious connection is with the Methodist Epis-
copal Church, while in his political belief he
is a Republican and has been a delegate to
several county conventions.

HENRY W. MILLER, a well-to-do re-
tired citizen of York, was born Dec. 31, 1824,
in Hanover, Germany, and is the son of Fred-
erick and Elizabeth (Miller) Miller. The
father was a native of Prussia, where he was
a miller and shoemaker, locating in America
in 1848, where he lived retired with his son,
Henry W., until his death at the age of seventy-
foui years. The mother was a native of Ger-



many, and is interred with her husband in
Prospect Hill cemetery.

Mr. Miller attended school until fourteen
years of age. In 1845 ^'^^ came to America'
and located in York, being engaged by P. A.
& S. Small, in whose employ he remained for
forty-one years. In 1890 he left Mr. Small's
employ and since that year has been living re-
tired in York. In 1850 he married Mary Stall-
man, daughter of Henry and Charlotte Stall-
man, farming people of Spring Garden and to
this union these children were born : Elizabeth,
the wife of John Getz ; Amanda ; Frederick ;
Mary, who was the wife of Herman Daehnke;
and Lillie — all deceased and buried at Prospect
Hill. The following' are residents of York :
Henry, who married Annie Webel; Martha,
the wife of George Herman ; and Annie, now
Mrs. Charles Kunkel.

Henrjr W. Miller is a member of St. John's
Lutheran Church, in which work he has al-
ways been active, and is highly respected in
York for his many fine traits of character.

ROBERT BOYD, alderman of the Twelfth
ward, was born Dec. 4, 1846, in Wrightsville.

John Boyd, grandfather of Robert, came
from Ireland to America and settled in Oxford,
Chester county, where his son, our subject's
father, was born. In early* manhood Robert
Boyd's father was a farmer, and removed to
Wrightsville, York county, in 1836, where,
with his brother Robert, he engaged in the



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