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and day lal^oring until 1852, when he took
charge of Prospect Hill cemetery as superin-
tendent, holding that position for twenty-eight
years, until he passed away, in 1881, at the age
of sixtj^-six years. Michael Morningstar mar-
ried Elizabeth Warner, who survived him until
1888, and they are both buried in the Prospect
Hill cemetery. The following" named chil-
dren were born to this marriage : Louisa mar-
ried Franklin Ettinger; Jeremiah is deceased:
John died in infancy; Michael is the father of
William N. ; Sallie married the late David E.
Horn, and resides in York.

Michael Morningstar, the father of Will-
iam N., received his education in York, and
worked for his father imtil, at the latter's
death, he himself became superintendent. Mr.
Morningstar held that position for .eighteen
years, and is still engaged at the cemetery. In
1866 Mr. Morningstar married Mary Hess,
daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Eermine) Hess,
and children were born to them as follows :
A\^illiam N. is the subject of this sketch; Annie
married Charles Zeigler, and resides in Balti-
more; Bertha married Samuel Horn, and re-
sides in North York; Sallie married AA'illiam
H. Baldwin, Jr., and resides in York; Elmer
married Alma Omer, and they live in York;
Edward married a Miss Quickel, and lives in
York: Lucy, Harry and Robert are all resid-
ing at York. The family are members of the
Duke Street M. E. Church.

Mr. Mbrningstar is a stanch Republican in
political sympathy. In 1861 he enlisted, at
York, for a term of three years, in Company K,
87th Reg., Pa. A^ols., and served three years
and twenty-one days, during w-hich time he
took part in many engagements, among the
most important being the battle of the AA'ilder-
ness and the operations at Petersburg. For
bravery in battle he was made corporal, and as
such was mustered out Sept. 13, 1864.

William N. Morningstar attended the
schools of Manchester township until thirteen
years of age and then worked two years at the
'carpenter's trade. Later engaging w'ith his
father at the cemetery, he was, on April i,
1899, appointed superintendent to succeed his
father. The frrst burial after William N.
Morningstar's appointment occurred on April
3, 1899, when Peter Fisher was interred. The
cemetery is a large one, there being 15,55°
persons buried there (1905), but though the
duties of superintendent are many Mr. Morn-



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BIOGRAPHICAL



497



ingstai" has attended to them with satisfacticm
to the people of the community and witli credit
to himself.

On April 12, 1894, Mr. Morningstar mar-
ried Prudence E. Diehl, of North York. They
are members of St. Peter's Lutheran Church
of North York. Fraternally Mr. Morningstar
is a popular member of York Castle. No. 34,
A. O. K. of M. C, of York, and is also a
member of the L O. O. F. at York. In political
sympath)^ he is a Republican, and he is a school
director of North York borough. Fie is a man
highly respected everywhere for his many
sterling traits of character.

DAVID W. CRIDER is the veteran pub-
lisher of York, whose marriage certificates are
used- all over the country and even in foreign
lands. He is also a Civil war veteran, and en-
joys the unicjue distinction of being recorded
in the War Department at Washington, D. C,
as killed in the battle of Antietam; and at the
same time drawing a pension as one of the
disabled survivors of a regiment mustered out
at the close of the war. Although left for dead
on the field of Antietam and reported among
the killed, he "lived to fight another day." and
saw service in all the engagements of the
Army of the Potomac.

Mr. Crider is of German descent, his early
ancestors in this country being prominent in the
section where they settled. His grandfather,
Christian Crider, was a farmer of Franklin
county, and his father, Jacob Crider, also a
farmer, moved from that county to Cumber-
land county where he died in 1888, at the age
of seventy-eight. Jacob Crider married Cath-
erine Mower, daughter of John Mower, a
farmer of Cumberland county. Their children
were as follows: Henry M., who died in Octo-
ber, 1903, at the age of sixty-four; John M.,
a farmer and cattle raiser of Oregon, Mo., who.
died Feb. 16, 1906, at the age of seventy-one;
Sarah Sabina, wife of Joseph McCune, a
farmer of Longford, Kans, ; and David W.

David W. Crider was born May 22, 1842,
near Chambersburg, at the foot of the Blue
Ridg'e Mountains, a few miles south of the
birthplace of James Buchanan, at one time
President of the United States, while several
miles northeast was the cottage in which
Thomas Scott, the great railroad manager, first
saw the light of day. He attended the Lebanon
Valley College, but left school before gradua-
tion, and engaged in the publishing business



with the firm of Kephart, Crider & Brother.
For five years he traveled for this house, and
in 1870, on the retirement of Mr. Kephart,
the firm became Crider & Brother. In 1876
David W. Crider bought out the interest of
his brother, Henry M., but continued the busi-
ness under the same name, as he does at pres-
ent. The main business of the concern is the
publishing of lithographical marriage certifi-
cates, and the output carries the name of York
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and to more
distant lands than are reached by any other in-
dustry of the place. One clergyman of San
Francisco has used 1,000 of the Crider &
Brother certificates since 1895.

The military career of Mr. Crider is one
of the most remarkable in the annals of the
Ci\'il war. He enlisted as a private for nine
months' service in Company E, 130th P. V. I.
This regiment was engaged in the fiercest part
of the fight at Antietam, and Mr. Crider,
\\-oundecl in the neck and leg, was left for dead
on the battle field. A friend dragged him off
the field, and he recovered sufficiently to enlist
again, although he was officially dead, accord-
ing to the War. Department records, which
have never been corrected in this particular.
^Ir. Crider re-enlisted in Company F, 207th
P. V. I., became cjuarter-master sergeant, and
was honorably discharged at the close of the
war, after having participated in all the en-
gagements of the Army of the Potomac. He
was present at Lee's surrender at Appomattox
Court House. Fie secured a pension on ac-
count of disabilities received during these cam-
paigns.

On Dec. 24, 1870, Mr. Crider married
Sarah Catherine Spangler, daughter of Na-
thaniel Spangler, a farmer of Thomasville,
York count}^ The children of this marriage
are as follows : Horace W., a graduate of
Lebanon Valley College, in the employ of the
Pennsylvania Railway Co., at Homestead, Pa. ;
Charles E., a graduate of the York high
school, employed as a traveling salesman ;
Flora Irene, a graduate of the York high
school, and wife of John S. Klein, an elec -
trician, in St. Louis, Mo. ; David N., a grad-
uate of the York high school, and of the Scran-
ton Correspondence School, and now secre-
tary of the York School Board; Sadie C, at
home; and Lillie M., a teacher in the public
schools of York, both the latter being- grad-
uates of the Y^ork high school.

The publishing- business of Mr. Crider, in-



498



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



terfered witli by the Civil war, was resumed
at the close of that struggle, and has since
been carried on with uninterrupted success.
Just before the death of President McKinley,
Mr. Crider was named for the position of post-
master at York, endorsed by all the banks of
the city, but did not receive the appointment.
He belongs to Gen. Sedgwick Post, No. y],
G. A. R., of York, and has held every office
in the gift of the Post, and since 1899 has
been the inspector-at-large for York county,
giving much time to the interest of this noble
Order. He is a member of the Royal Ar-
canum, and of the Knights of Malta. For
many years he was president of the board of
trustees of Lebanon Valley College, where he
was the first student to apply for admission
from York. He is a member of the First
United Brethren Church of York, where for
years he has served as trustee. In politics he
is a Republican, and zealous in his devotion
to his party's interests, as he is in whatever
he undertakes.

WILLIAM H. WAGNER, M. D., who for
many years has been a prominent physician of
York, is a native of Pennsylvania, and is one
■of the well-known and highly respected mem-
bers of the profession in York county, where
he has lived most of his life.

Dr. Wagner is descended from German
ancestors, the family originally coming from
Hessen-Cassel, Germany. George Wagner,
the grandfather of our subject, was a gun-
smith by trade and married Miss Berkheimer.
His son Joseph \\-as born near Abbottstown, in
1824, conducted a meat market for a number
of years, and he died in 1884. Joseph Wagner
married Levina Lauer, born in West Man-
chester township in 1828, daughter of Abra-
liam Lauer, who followed farming all his life.
Her death occurred in i860.

Dr. William H. Wagner was born Dec.
26, 1853, near Dover, in Dover township,
York county, and received his primary educa-
tion in the district schools, supplementing this
later with a course at the York County Acad-
emy. He then began teaching school, contin-
uing in this occupation for seven years in
Dover township. For some time he read med-
icine with Dr. Jacob R. Spangler of York and
graduated from the Jefferson Medical College
at Philadelphia, with the class of 1881. In
1 88 1 he commenced practicing in York, where



he has since devoted his entire time to pro-
fessional work, building up a large and lucra-
ti^■e practice. In 1904 Dr. Wagner built a
substantial brick office building, which he has
fitted out with all the modern improvements
and appliances of the profession.

On Feb. 15, 1883, Dr. Wagner was mar-
ried to Miss Martha J. Stewart, of Philadel-
phia, daughter of James and Elizabeth
( Stuart ) Stewart, both of whom are of
Scotch-Irish extraction. One son has been
born to this union, — Neven S., born May 10,
1884.

Dr. Wagner is a member of the York
County Medical Society, Pennsylvania State
Medical Society and the American Medical
Association. For two years he was a mem-
ber of the city council. Fraternally he is con-
nected with the B. P. O. Elks, Fraternal Order
of Eagles, Knights of the Golden Eagle,
Knights of Pythias, and with York Conclave,
No. 124, Improved Order of Heptasophs. His
fine residence is located at No. 306 North
Newberry street.

JOSEPH MYERS, of Washington town-
ship, is active both as a successful business man
and in the administration of the public affairs
of his locality. He belong's to a family numer-
ously and creditably represented in York coun-
ty, and he has endeavored to worthily sustain
a worthy name.

Christian Myers, his grandfather, was a na-
tive of York county, and was only a 3'oung
man when he settled in Washington township,
where he carried on farming and milling,
building the well-known Iron Rock Mill, also
known as Myers' Mill. It was burned down
Sept. 13, 1904. He lived to the advanced age
of eighty. Christian Myers married Catherine
Stauffer, and they became the parents of
children as follows : Michael, Abraham,
David, Christian, Rebecca (who first married
?ilr. Asper and second Joseph Gochenauer)
and Lydia (wife of Daniel Brown). The par-
ents were both members of the Mennonite
Church, and they are buried at the Mennonite
meeting-house in Dover township.

David Myers, father of Joseph, was born
Jiily 30, 181 7, in Washington township, and
grew to manhood there, receiving his educa-
tion in the local public schools. Like his father
lie followed farming and milling and was a
prosperous business man, retiring- fifteen years



BIOGRAPHICAL



499



before his death, whicli occurred when he was
eighty-two years old. He, too, was a Men-
nonite in rehgions faith, and he assisted in the
building of the meeting-house in Dover town-
ship, at which he is buried. He married Maria
Gochenauer, who was born March 3, 1823,
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Leathery)
Gochenauer, who were born Aug. 2, 1799, and
July 17, 1802, respectively. A family of
twelve children blessed the union of David and
Maria (Gochenauer) Myers, namely: Mary,
born March 23, 1841, is deceased. Sarah, born
March 25, 1843, is deceased. Susan, born
March 6, 1845, was the wife of Jonas Asper,
and is deceased. Rebecca, born July 3, 1847,
was the wife of Peter J. Detter, and is de-
ceased. Catherine, born Sept. 30, 1849, died
unmarried. Eliza, born July 29, 1851, died
young. Joseph, born Jan. 5, 1853, is men-
tioned farther on. Lavina, bom March 7,
1855, is the deceased wife of Amos Chronaster.
Lydia, born Dec. 4, 1857, is the wife of John
Renicker, and lives in Wellsville, Pa. Jonas,
born April 26, i860, died in 1901. Dala, born
Jan. 26, 1862, is the wife of Lewis Weaver,
and they reside at Weigelstown, in Dover
township, York county. Maria, born Jan. i,
1865, is the wife of George Wise, assessor of
Washington township.

Joseph Myers was born Jan. 5, 1853, in
Washington township, and was brought up
there, receiving his education in the schools
of the locality, which he attended until he was
nineteen years old. Meantime he became
familiar with farm work while assisting his
father, and spent one summer in Lancaster
county, where he frequently visits even to this
day. He was but twenty when he married
and settled on his father's farm at Kralltown,
where he remained for two years, thence go-
ing to Warrington township. After a five
years' residence there he returned to the old
home in Washington township, upon which he
continued until he came to his present place
in 1889. He bought it in 1902, having ninety-
seven acres of land, which he culti^'ates
practically and scientifically, the results demon-
strating the wisdom of his methods. The place
formerly belonged to his father, l)ut to the
present occupant must be given credit for the
fine barn and other outbuildings which now
adorn the property. Everything is kept up
with an eye for thrift and neatness which at-
tracts the attention of the most casual observer.



Mr. Myers is energetic and fully alive to
the needs of the community, and having a pro-
gressive spirit he is willing to do his share to
bring about beneficial changes and needed re-
forms. His executive ability is as evident in
public service as it has been in the manage-
ment of his private affairs. He has been town-
ship supervisor, was school director four years,
and has represented his township as delegate
and committeeman. He is a prominent mem-
ber of St. Paul's Lutheran Church at Red Run,
served eight years as deacon, and is now a
trustee, taking the same interest in church af-
fairs that he displays in all his relations with
his fellowmen. He is a stanch Democrat in
political opinion. As an all-around good citi-
zen, one who can be depended upon to support
a good cause with words and work, Mr. Myers
has few equals in his neighborhood.

Mr. Myers was united in marriage with
Emma E. Wise, daughter of Harry and Eliza-
beth (Thoman) Wise, and a member of an old
York county family. They are the parents of
fourteen children, of whom we have the fol-
lowing record: Charles F., born Jan. 17, 1874,
died April 16, 1884, and is buried at Red Run
Church. Mazzie M., born in March, 1875,
died in March, 1875. David E., born March
15, 1876, died March 29, 1876. Harry J.,
born June 12, 1877, is a truck farmer in \\'ash-
ington township ; he married Minnie Hoke.
John C, born Aug. 14, 1878, died Aug. 30,
1878. Gertrude B., born Sept. 18, 1879, is
the wife of Jacob F. Nickey, of West York,
■Pa., high constable of the borough and a me-
chanic in the Martin Carriage Works. Emma
E., born Nov. 19, 1880, is the wife of Jacob
H. Deardorff, and lives at No. 519 North
Hartley street, in York. Joseph C, born May
14, 1882, died Dec. 22, 1882. Daisy A., born
Jan. 9, 1884, is unmarried and at home. \\'il-
liam C, born March 20, 1885. died Nov. 14,
1885. Chester A., born Aug. 16, 1886, died
Dec. 7, 1891. Allen E., born Oct. 28, 1888,
is at home. Bruce R.. born April 19, 1891,
is at home. Melvin Floy, born Dec. 9, 1893,
was killed July 15, 1902, while riding a horse
home from Kralltown, the horse falling- on
him.

WILLIAM EDWARD KOCH, jeweler
of York, is a descendant of a family prominent
in the history of York county since the time
of the early settlement. Johannes Koch, his



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



great-great-grandfather, emigrated from Ger-
many, landed in Baltimore in 1745, and soon
afterward settled in Dover township, in York
county. He died in the year 1783. John
Michael Koch, his son, enlisted as a soldier
during the early part of the Revolution and in
1777 entered the cavalry service with Gen.
Armand, when that French patriot came to
York to recruit his legion. He participated
with this command in several hard fought bat-
tles, remaining in service until the end of the
war. John Michael Koch became an influential
citizen of York, and lived until 1849. The
sword which he carried in the cavalry service
during the Revolution was presented by his
descendants to the Historical Society of York
county.

Dr. Francis Koch, son of John Michael
Koch, and grandfather of the subject of this
sketch, was a leading physician in Hellam
township and later in the borough of York for
nearly half a century. He had his office for
many years on the west side of North Beaver
street, near Market. Later in life he moved
to the southeast corner of Market and Beaver,
where he died in the year 1861. In this build-
ing for nearly half a century his son, William
Koch, carried on the jewelry business, and for
a time had associated with him his brother Ed-
win Koch, who was major of the 5th Mary-
land Regiment in the Civil war. Dr. Koch
was married to Nancy, the daughter of Abram
Hiegtand, of Hellam township, and had three
sons and three daughters.

Dr. Francis A. H. Koch, the eldest son,
and father of William Edward Koch, was born
in York Aug. 31, 1830. Early in life he at-
tended the York County Academy for several
years, and he completed his medical education
at the University of Maryland. His father
practiced medicine in Hellam, North Codorus
and York. During the last fifteen years of
his life he was one of the leading physicians
of Hanover, where he served several "terms as
chief burgess and school director, and died
there in the year 1892.

Dr. Koch (our subject's father) married
Anna Maria, daughter of Abraham Dehuff,
founder of the jewelry establishment later
owned by his grandson, William Edward
Koch. They had seven children : Francis who
died in infancy; Virginia, wife of Wilbur C.
Lieb, of Hanover, Pa.; Annie Elizabeth, wife
of John B. King, of York; Helen Grace, de-



ceased wife of John W. Mullen, a paper manu-
facturer of St. Joseph, Mich. ; Francis Henry,
a hardware merchant of Minneapolis, Minn.;
Sue, Ii^•ing with her brother; and William Ed-
ward.

The Dehuff family settled early in Lancas-
ter county, where Abraham Dehuff, father of
Abraham Dehuff the jeweler, had his home.
The first Abraham Dehuff, who emigrated to
this country from France, married Elizabeth
Sitler, whose father, Matthias Sitler, was the
owner of large tracts of land in Baltimore,
Md. Some of this land was leased by Mr.
Sitler for terms of ninety-nine j^ears, and thus
originated the system of "ground rents" still
in vogue in Baltimore. Family tradition has
it that Matthias Sitler presented to George
Washington $75,000 in cash during the Revo-
lutionary war, and, furthermore, that the
Father of his Country held the child Elizabeth
Sitler in his arms at York. Elizabeth Dehuff
ched at Harrisburg in 1834.

Abraham Dehuff (2) founded the jewelry
store on West Market street in 1830, and lived
in the old historic house until 1895, when he
died at the age of ninety-eight. He was more
than an ordinary jeweler or mechanic — his
skill amounted to genius. At the State Ex-
position held at Harrisburg in 1855 he was
awarded a bronze medal (now in the posses-
sion of the subject of this sketch) for a minia-
ture watch, the case of which he had worked
out of a three-cent piece, and the works of
which were perfect and kept perfect time.
Three of these tiny watches were completed by
Mr. Dehuff and the incomplete portions of a
fourth are among the most cherished posses-
sions of his grandson. One of the completed
watches was purchased by H. R. H. the Prince
of Wales, now King Edward VII, when on a
visit to this country; another was presented to
President Buchanan, and is now in the Smith-
sonian Institution in Washington; and the
third was stolen from Mr. Dehuff.

His wife, Maria Lynch, of Winchester,
Va., died in 1887, and is interred in the family
burying lot. Prospect Hill cemetery.

William Edward Koch, born in Hanover,
Pa., Jan. 29, 1876, was educated in the schools |
of that borough. He was apprenticed to the J
jewelry trade with \Mlliam Boadenhamer, ofj
Hanover, and remained there four years.
Next coming to York, on March 27, 1895, he.j
purchased from his uncle, Henry K. Dehuff,]



BIOGRAPHICAL



501



tlie jewelry business established by his grand-
father, Abraham Dehuff, on West Market
street, and in addition he started business, on
Nov. 15, 1904, at the southeast corner of Mar-
ket and Beaver streets, where at the present
time he owns one of the finest and most
centrally located stores in the city, as well as
an old established stand formerly occupied by
William Koch.

Mr. Koch is one of tlie best-known busi-
ness men of York, where he is noted for his
progressive ideas and his liberality. He is a
prominent man in fraternal circles, and in 1900
was the youngest thirty-second degree Mason
in Pennsylvania. He is a member of Zeredatha
Lodge, No. 451, Howell Chapter, No. 199,
York Commandery, K. T., No. 21, Harrisburg-
Cons^stor3^ thirty-second degree, and Zembo
Temple, and also belongs to York Lodge, No.
213, B. P. O. E. He was one of the con-
spicuous fig'ures in the great Masonic conclave
held in York in May, 1904. In politics Mr.
Koch is a Republican. He is a member of the
Emanuel Reformed Church at Hanover. At
present unmarried, with his business ability he
has one of the brightest futures before him for
a successful career a young man in the prime
of life can wish.

J. D. HEIGES, D. D. S., was born in
September, 1833, son of Jacob and Elizabeth
(Mumper) Heiges. Dr. Heiges assisted his
father in cabinet making and chair manufac-
turing at Dillsburg until 1854, when he began
the study of dentistry under Dr. Benny, of
Mechanicsburg, Cumberland Co., Pa. He re-
mained with Dr. Benny for several years, and
then located in York with Dr. Thomas Tyrrell,
with whom he remained until the fall of 1858,
when he entered the Baltimore Dental College.
After attending the first sessions he assumed
the practice of dentistry, and subsecjuently re-
turned to the college for the sessions of
1862-63, graduating in the fall of the last
named year. He then returned to York, where
he has since been engaged in practice with
great success.

Dr. Heiges was married in September,
1867, to Annie C. Smith, daughter of William
and Mary E. (Boyer) Smith, of York. The
eight children born of this marriage were as
follows : W. Smith, a druggist of York, and
honored by his party with the Democratic
nomination for mayor of York in the spring



campaign of 1905: T. Tyrrell, civil engineer,
and superintendent of sewer construction,
York ; J. Charles, a machinist of the York
[Manufacturing Company ; Philip Boyer, who
died of typhoid fever in 1898, aged twenty-
two years; Horace M.. engaged in line con-
struction between Pleasant\-ille and Atlantic
City, N. J., for a time, and now in a similar
business at Hollywood, Cal. ; Jay Clifford,
whose term in the U. S. Navy expired May
27, 1894; Aimee E., wife of William A.
Sponsler, manager of a traction company at
Aliddletown, N. Y. : and Robert Raymond,
decorator at P. Wiest's Sons' department
store.

Dr. Heiges is a member of St. John's Epis-
copal Church, in which he has been vestryman
for many years. He is identified with the
York County Historical Society, and is one
of the most prominent members of the Ma-
sonic fraternity in York, enjoying the distinc-
tion of being the only charter member now
connected with York Commandery, there being
a period of thirteen years between him and the
next oldest past commander. He also belongs
to the Harris Dental Society. Enjoying a



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