dental practice that keeps his hands and
thoughts engaged almost all of his waking
hours. Dr. Heiges is of such a genial nature
that professional cares sit lightly upon him;
and he is never so busy as not to have a pleas-
ant smile and encouraging word for all who call
EDWARD E. JOHNSON is senior mem-
ber of the firm of Edward E. Johnson & Co.,
engaged in the grain, flour, feed and straw
business at Nos. 12 to 27 North Pennsylvania
street, York, Pa. In this important enterprise
he is associated with his cousin, David H.,
and they are successors of the firm of Bender
Mr. Johnson was born near Kabletown,
Jefferson county, W. \'a., Dec. 23, i860, son
of James M. and Catherine (Able) Johnson,
both of whom were also natives of \Vest Vir-
ginia, which had not been segregated from the
Old Dominion until after the birth of Edward
E., who was born in the period of political
unrest leading up to the great Civil war.
James I\I. Johnson was a prominent and
influential business man and highly honored
citizen of Jefferson county, where he was in-
terested in several industrial enterprises of im-
HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
povtance, while he also owned a considerable
amount of \'aluable property in Kabletown.
He was a stalwart Democrat in his political
proclivities and both he and his wife held mem-
bership in the M. E. Church South. The latter
was born in Hampshire county, West \ a., and
she was summoned into eternal rest in 1898,
while her husband passed away in 1902, hon-
ored as one of the sterling citizens of his
State and county and standing high as a man
Edward E. Johnson was educated in the
public schools of his home county, and later
continued his studies in Kable academy, in
Charlestown, W. Va., where he completed a
preparatory collegiate course. He determined,
however, to identifv himself with practical
business affairs, and to complete his education
under the direction of that wisest of all head-
masters, experience. His father was a prom-
inent manufacturer of woolen wear in Kable-
town. and Edward entered the mills, finally
taking charge of the weaving department and
retaining this position about eighteen months.
In 1880 he came to York and entered the em-
ploy of Michael B. Spahr, in the wholesale
boot and shoe business^ remaining thus en-
gaged for four years, and having practically
had charge of the establishnien't. He then
engaged in the sale of ag-ricultural implements,
in which line he became associated with Jacob
W. and John C. Spangler, under the firm name
of Spangler Bros. & Johnson. This connection
continued until 1886, when Mr. Johnson en-
gaged in the dairy business, conducting it for
the ensuing seven years. In 1893 he formed a
partnership with Martin Bender, under the
title of Martin Bender & Co., thus continuing
for about nine years, when he purchased Mr.
Bender's interests and formed a partnership
with his cousin, David H., under the title noted
in the opening paragraph of this article, the
nature of the business being also indicated in
that connection. The partners are straighcfor-
ward, reliable and progressive business men,
and have founded a most prosperous enterprise,
which is both wholesale and retail in character,
an especially large business being controlled in
the handling of flour and grain. In politics Mr.
Johnson is an uncompromising Democrat, thus
holding to the ancestral faith, and he takes a
lively and intelligent interest in the party cause.
In 1902 Mr. Johnson was one of those prom-
inently concerned in the promoting and organ-
izing of the Merchants' Association of York,
having been its treasurer since its mception.
He has an attractive modern residence at No.
430 West Philadelphia street, and both he and
his wife are held in high regard in social cir-
cles, while both are valued members of the
Heidelberg Reformed Church.
In January, 1883, was solemnized the mar-
riage of Mr. Johnson to Miss Laura C. Hedges,
who was born and reared in Frederick county,
Md., and they have two daughters, Edith, who
is a graduate of the York High School, and
w ho is now the wife of Prof. A. Lee Shullen-
berger, a teacher in that institution ; and Grace
E., who is a student in the city schools.
FISCHER FAAHLY. Gotlieb Fischer
was born about the year 1740, of German par-
entage. At the present time the date of his
advent in York county is not definitely known,
nor is the exact time of the arrival of the fam-
ily in America. Later researches, however,
which are now in progress, afford promise of
tracing his ancestry back several generations.
The earliest record of him at this time is found
in a deed bearing the date of May 23, 1767,
conveying to him a tract of 142^ acres of
land in Newberry township, York county, pur-
chased from John Herr, of Strasburg, Lancas-
ter county, Pennsylvania Province. This land
was situated along the Big Conewag'O creek.
Here he resided until he secured from David
Davis, Nov. 12, 1783, 242 acres of land bear-
ing patent date Feb. 16, 1737, signed by John
Penn. This second tract was located in Fish-
ing Creek Valley (now Fairview township),
three and one-half miles north of Goldsboro.
By trade he was a miller, which occupation he
pursued, in connection with that of farming,
until his removal to Fishing Creek Valley,
thereafter devoting his time wholly to cultivat-
ing his land.
Gotlieb Fischer married Ursula, daughter
of Peter Hoffstodt, a resident of the same
valley. Seven children were the result of this
union, as follows: David (I) married Bar-
bara Roop ; Catherine married Joseph Fetrow ;
Barbara married Peter Roop; Hester married
Christopher Kerr; Christina married John
Roop ; Samuel married Barbara Sutton ; and
Gotlieb, Jr., married Abigail Oren.
Gotlieb Fischer's death occurred in 1792.
It was customary in those days for landhold-
ers to have pri\-ate burying-grounds on their
farms, for themselves and for the relatives of
tlie family. A small plot to be devoted to this
purpose had been provided by him a short dis-
tance from his dwelling, at the crossVoads.
Here sleep three generations of the family,
himself, his son David and David's son Jacob.
His wife survived him about forty years, when
she met a violent death, being viciously gored
by an animal.
At the death of Gotlieb Fischer, Joseph
Fetrow and Conrad Gram were appointed ad-
ministrators of his estate. His eldest son Da-
vid took the farm at the appraisement, the
transfer being confirmed by the court June 29,
In 1798 David Fischer (I) married Bar-
bara, daughter of Jacob Roop, of Swatara
township, Dauphin county, whose ancestry
dates back prior to 1 700. About 1 800 he owned
more than 800 acres of land in the locality
\\'here he lived. The house and barn which he
built on the homestead farm in 18 14-16 are
still standing, and although nearly a century
has elapsed since their construction they are
in an excellent state of preservation and are
monuments to his memory. From 1800 to
1825 much of his time was engaged in the
business of "wagoning," as it was termed in
those days. It was prior to the era of railroads
and canals, and as there was no means of trans-
portation the farmer was compelled to haul his
surplus grain and produce to the Philadelphia
and Baltimore markets, the round trip usually
occupying ten days. David Fischer's team was
reputed to have been the finest on the road.
David Fischer (I) was the father of eleven
children, a number of whom lived to advanced
life. They were estimable people, highly re-
spected for their honesty, their keen sense of
justice, and their industry, and they wielded a
strong influence throughout the community.
The names of his children and the names of
those whom they married were as follows.
(1) Jacob, born Nov. 24, 1799, married
Mary !\Iathias, and they had children : Bar-
bara, Susan, Sarah, Nancy, Mary, Lizzie, Me-
linda and Jeremiah, the last named to-day own-
ing and living upon the homestead farm which
has been handed down to successive genera-
tions and has been in the family name for 122
(2) John, born Feb. 20, iSoi, married
Sarah Kirk, and had children : Samuel, ]\Iary,
Sarah, Clara, John K., William. Zacharias
(3) David M. Fisher (II), son of David
(I) and Barbara (Roop) FLscher (it was dur-
ing this generation that the letter "c" was
omitted), was born Jan. 23, 1803. in Fishing
Creek Valley. During his youth he divided
his time between the common schools and the
farm. Later he learned the trade of shoemak-
ing, with a firm in Harrisjjurg, Pa., returning-
to the valley at the expiration of his apprentice-
ship to begin business for himself. On beb.
15, 1827, he married Mary Miller, daughter oi
Henry Miller, of the same county and town-
ship. After his marriage he bought the farm
on which the Salem (Stone) Church was sub-
sequently erected, and began farming in con-
nection with his business of shoemaking. He
was instrumental in the building of this church
and contributed the land on which it stands.
From its very inception to the close of his four
score years he was one of its most active mem-
bers and strongest supporters, holding official
positions for many years. The children of
David M. (II) and Mary (Miller) Fisher
(I) Martin M., born Feb. 18, 1829, mar-
ried Leah Spangler, and had children : Wes-
ley, David, Mary, Elmer, Morris, Charles,
Curtin, Grant, Martin, Jr., and Daisy.
(II) Lydia, born June 17, 1830, married
Napoleon Keister, and had children : ]\Iatilda,
Julius, Mary, Margaret and Jacob.
(III) William Miller Fisher, son of
David M. (11) and Mary (Miller) Fisher,
was born Nov. 8, 1831, in Fishing Creek Val-
ley, York Co., Pa. In 1854 he married Ann
Maria, eldest daughter of Michael and Jane
(Seward) Shuler, of the same place. Michael
Shuler was a well-to-do farmer, highly es-
teemed for his integrity, whose ancestors came
from Amsterdam, Holland, Sept. 5, 1730, and
settled in the eastern part of Pennsylvania.
Shortly after his marriage William M. Fisher
removed to Yocumtown, York county, where
he engaged in the business of cabinetmaking
and building. As a cabinetmaker he attained
a high degree of efficiency, and was known
throughout the county for his skillful work-
manship. During the Civil war, when patriot-
ism ran high and the heart of every loyal citi-
zen throbbed for his country's safety, he en-
listed March 8, 1865, in the I92d Regiment, P.
V. I., Company K, and served until the close
of the struggle, receiving his discharge Aug.
24, 1865. Returning home, he resumed his
chosen occupation and continued therein until
HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
the time of his death, July 3, 1870. He was
a member of the United Brethren Church, and
was one of the class-leaders and superintendent
of the Sunday-school. At the age of thirty-
eight years death came to him most unexpect-
edly, while he was performing his duties as
superintendent. He had announced the open-
ing hymn, and had just finisheel the reading of
the first two lines :
Amazing grace! how sweet the sound
In a believer's car!
when he sank to the floor, fatally stricken by
apoplexy. He never spoke again, and at the
end of fifteen minutes his spirit winged its
flight to the realms of the Heavenly Father
whom he had so faithfully served. He was
survived by a wife and seven children. In
1876 the family removed to Harrisburg, Pa.,
which is still their place of residence. His
widow survived him many years, and during
all these years, in the spirit of motherhood, she
cared for her own with tenderness and love,
bringing- up all of her children under the pious
influence of a Christian home. She lived her
hfe for God and her children. The union of
William M. and Ann Maria (Shuler) Fisher
was blessed with the following children : Al-
bert S., a prominent tinner, connected with the
firm of Fisher Bros., Harrisburg, Pa., died
Feb. 4, 1899; on Aug. 4, 1886, he married
Mai-y Callender, by whom he had the follow-
ing children : Edwin L., Annie I., Albert E.
and Norman C. Jennie S. married Landis
Bratten, and had the following family of chil-
dren : Helen, Robert, Ruth and Esther. Ed-
ward Dixon is living in Wooster, Ohio, where
he is the leading saddler, also dealer in trunks,
bags, etc.; on Jan. 9, 1883, he married Laura
Miller, of Wooster, Ohio, and they have had
two children, namely : Warren Donald and
Florence May. Oscar S., born June i, 1861,
died July 5, 1863. William Seward, on the
death of his father, William M., went to live
Avith his grandfather, Michael Shuler, in Fish-
ing Creek Valley, where he remained ten
y^ears ; at the age of seventeen he left the farm
and removed to Harrislxirg, Pa., where he is
engaged in the mercantile business ; on Nov.
23, 1892, he was united in marriag'e with Fan-
nie M., the only daughter of William H. and
Amanda Wilhelm, most esteemed and highly
respected residents of York. Pa., and to this
marriage have been born : Seward Wilhelm,
Ethel Fahs and ilary Emma. Mary E., a
graduate of the public schools of Harrisburg,
Pa., also of Bloomsburg- State Normal School,
is at present a teacher in the public schools of
Harrisburg. Pa. Curtis W. is a prominent
plumber in the city of Harrisburg, Pa., being
the head of the well-known firm of Fisher
Bros., who make steam and hot water heating
a specialty: having grown up with the plumb-
ing business he is quite popular locally as well
as with the Pennsylvania State Association of
blaster Plumbers; on April 26, 1893, he was
united in marriage with Lillie Banks, and to
this union have been born ; William Curtis
and ^largaret May. Margaret S. married J.
J. Lybarger ; they have had two children, Don-
ald F. and Mildred F.
(IV) Harriet, daughter of David M. (II)
and Mary (Miller) Fisher, born Oct. 24, 1833,
died Nov. 10, 1852.
(V) David, Jr. (II), born May 11, 1836,
married Angeline Fox, and is living in Clear-
field, Taylor Co., Iowa, with these children,
Mary and Albert.
(VI) Anna, born Feb. 10, 1838, died Oct.
(VII) Matilda, born Jan. II, 1840.
(VIII) Barbara, born Oct. 3. 1841, mar-
ried Joseph Willis, and had these children :
Clayton, Emma and Edgar.
(IX) Susan, born July 26, 1844, married
^Milton Brubaker, and had children : Willie,
Minnie and Emma.
(X) Emma, born Nov. 2. 1845, married
Hon. Morris M. Hays.
(XI) Alexandra, born April 7, 1848,
married Susan Neely, and has children :
Emma, Ida, William, Clara, I\Iay, John, Harry
David M. Fischej: (II) was twice married.
His first wife, Mary Miller, died Feb. 7, 1850,
and in November, 1852, he married Mrs. Mary
Neiman, a widow with one child. To the sec-
ond union no children were bom.
(4) Samuel (I), son of David (I), born
Sept. 27, 1804, married Elizabeth Miller, and
had these children : David M., Jacob, John M.,
Mahala, Samuel (II), Agnes, Elizabeth and
(5) Nancy, born May 3. 1805, married
John Weitzel, and had these children : David,
Henry, Mary, Samuel, Ellen, Nancy, Harriet,
Susannah, Elizabeth and Rebecca.
(6) Christian died in 1808.
(7) Mary, born Oct. 7, 1809, married Jo-
seph Hursh, and had three children, namely,
Joseph, Nancy and John.
(8) Elizabeth, born March 14, 181 1, mar-
ried Frederick Koch, and had children, John,
Mary and Frederick.
(9) Barbara, born Jan. 15, 1813, married
Michael McBarren. No issue.
(10) Abraham, born Jan. 24, 181 5, mar-
ried Fanny Hawk, and the following children
were born to this union : Flenry W., David,
W., Matrona, Barbara and Sarah.
(11) Daniel, born Jan. 10, 1817, married
Catherine Waite, who is still living, and is the
only surviving member of that generation,
being past eighty-seven years of age. She and
her husband had the following children :
Hem^y, Mary, John, Caroline, Flora. Appe-
lona, Sanford and Rebecca.
The above biographical sketch was pre-
pared and written by William Seward Fisher,
of Harrisburg, Pa., a lineal descendant of Got-
lieb Fischer, and of the fifth generation.
WILLIAM FRANKLIN WEISER, cash-
ier of the Drovers' and Mechanics' Bank, is a
descendant of a family whose members have
for some five or six generations been promi-
nently identified with the history of the county.
Mr. Weiser is a native of the Keystone State,
born in York, Oct. 2, 1865, and is a direct de-
scendant of Conrad Weiser, who emigrated to
America from German}^, in 1709, and settled
in the ]\Iohawk Valley, and whose descendants,
coming to York, five or six generations ago,
became conspicuous figures among the early
settlers of the county.
Jacob Weiser, grandfather of AVilliam F.
Weiser, like his great-grandfather was born in
York county, and for many years both were
successful lumber merchants of the county.
Franklin S. Weiser, the father of William
F., following the example set by older mem-
bers of the family, also engaged in the lumber
business in his earlier years, and for a long
period was a director of the York County
Bank, his father having been one of its pro-
moters. As has already been intimated, the
members of this family have always been prom-
inent in all things tending- toward the advance-
ment of township, county, or State. Among
these might be mentioned the Chanceford
Turnpike Company, one of the principal pro-
moters of which was none other than the
grandfather of William F. Weiser. Franklin Si
Weiser married Barbara Sophia Stable, daugh-
ter of John Stable, who was the first register
of wills in the old war court-house, the second
built in the county, the present magnificent
structure being York county's third court
house. A son of this gentleman, Col. James
Alonzo Stable (who is still living) was the
first Republican elected to Congress from his
district, another son having been a Democratic
member of the State Legislature from Adams
county. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs.
Weiser have been born six children. Those
living are Harry K., bookkeeper for Motter &
Sons; William F., the cashier of the Drovers'
and Mechanics' Bank; and Eugene F., in the
insurance business in York.
William F. Weiser was educated in the
public schools and the York Collegiate Insti-
tute, graduating from the latter in 1884. He
afterward attended Lafayette College, class of
1887, after leaving which he became interested
in the lumber business with his father, remain-
ing with him until his father's death in 1887.
In 1889 he entered the banking firm of Smyser,
Bott & Company, where he remained two years,
at the end of which time he became the teller of
the Drovers' and Mechanics' National Bank,
filling that position from 1891 to 1903, when by
reason of duties faithfully performed he was
promoted to the position of cashier, where his
faithful and close attention, to the work of his
office, made him a most valuable member of
the official roster.
In June, 1889, Mr. \\'eiser was united in
marriag'e to Miss Nettie Virginia Smyser,
daughter of Martin Smyser, a retired business
man of York. She comes of an old and hon-
ored family, several of whose members par-
ticipated in the Revolutionary war. As a
member of the Yorktown chapter of the
Daughters of the American Revolution she is
a prominent and active worker. To the mar-
riage four children were born, two of whom,
William Donald and Jacob Spangler, died in
infancy. Those living are ]\Iartin Smyser,
and Mary Julia, both attending school, the son
at the York Collegiate Institute (class '09).
In politics Mr. Weiser is a Republican, and
fraternally he affiliates with the IMasons, being
a Past Master of Zeredatha Lodge, No. 45 1 ;
Howell Chapter, No. 199; York Commandery,
No. 21 ; Zembo Shrine of Harrisburg. He is
also a prominent member of the York County
HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY. PENNSYLVANIA
Historical Society. Possessed of a mind of
more than usual astuteness, and thoroughly
trained in banking methods, Mr. \\'eiser is
adding each 3-ear an experience which promises
to make him one of the best authorities on
financial matters in his city. These cjualities,
together -with a natural urbanity of manner in
his dealings with the public, combine to make
him a most popular of^cer of the bank.
PROF. JACOB ADAM STEIN belongs
to the family of that name so long identified
with York county, and is himself one of the
most prominent members.
The Steins are descended from Ludwig,
who was born in Germany and settled in York
county. His wife was Catherine Weigle,
daughter of Martin Weigle. Their son Dan-
iel was a farmer for the greater part of his
life, and owned a tract of 120 acres in and
near Freysville, now owned by his son Jacob.
His last years were spent in retirement in
Longstown. wliere he died in 1872. On
political issues he was first a Democrat and
afterward a Republican. He married Miss
Mary Holtzapple. of Manchester township,
daughter of Barnitz Holtzapple; she died at
Longsto\\-n the same year as her husband.
Their children were as follows : Barnitz, a
farmer and tanner, who married Miss Cassan-
dra Oberdorfif, and died in Windsor township ;
Jacob; Daniel, a farmer and tanner at Red
Lion, who married Miss Susanna Grove, now
deceased; Henry, formerly a blacksmith in
Spring Garden township, later a farmer in
A\'indsor township, and now residing in Freys-
ville. who married Miss Mary Knaub; Philip,
formerly a tanner, now a farmer in Freysville,
married to Miss Maria Leber; Sarah, Mrs.
George W. Anstine. of York ; Catherine, widow
of Michael Miller, of York; and Mary M., un-
Jacob Stein was born Jan. 8. 1824, and was
brought up in Lower Windsor and Windsor
townships, attending the subscription schools.
He began shoemaking under Gottlieb Borley,
of Windsor township, where he followed the
trade himself until about 1858. employing oth-
ers under him. After his first marriage he
lived for a few years with his father-in-
law near Maisch's mill, still carrying on his
shoe business, but at the end of that period he
bought a forty-acre tract near Freysville,
which he operated in conjunction with his
shoemaking. Later he bought the home farm
at Freysville from his father, and a few years
afterward sold his first farm. The barn on his
place was built in 1852 by his father. The
other buildings are more modern, and were
erected by the present owner, who built his
handsome brick residence in 1878. When he
began farming Mr. Stein used the old-fash-
ioned implements, but he has always been a
progTessive man, ready to adopt new ideas and
methods, and he was the owner of the first
reaper used in that section, a Seymour machine,
which cost $200, and was heavier than the
binders of to-day. Starting as a poor boy, Mr.
Stein has achieved marked success and is now
enjoying the fruits of his years of patient and
wisely directed toil.
Jacob Stein was first married to ^liss Eliz-
abeth Heidelbaugh, who was born in 1823,
and who died at the age of twenty-five, leav-
ing one child, Andrew. This son went ^^'est
in 1865, living for a time in Illinois, then re-
moved to Missouri, where he married, and,
later, after the death of his wife, took his fam-
ily to Texas, and now resides there on a farm.
There were two other children of this marriage
both d3nng in infancy. Jacob Stein was mar-
ried (second) to Mrs. Elizabeth (Crumbling)
Shenberger, bom in Hellam township, daugh-
ter of Adam and Mary (Sloat) Crumbling.
By her Mr. Stein became the father of a large
family, namely: Jacob Adam; Daniel W.,
who died in infanc}^; Anna Elizabeth, i\Irs.
John Dietz, of Yorkana; Jane, Mrs. J. F. Se-
christ, of Freysville; Melinda, Mrs. John Peel-
ing, of Freysville ; Barbara Ellen and Matilda,
unmarried; and Nancy E., Mrs. John Kauff-
man, of York.
Jacob Adam Stein was born on his father's
first farm. May 8. i860. Until he was sixteen
he attended the public schools of Freysville,
and then began teaching. In 1878 he entered
York Countv Academy, and spent one term
there under the instruction of Professors Kane.
Gardiner and Ruby. His first experience
as teacher was in the home school, which he
taught for one term; he taught the Raab
school in Windsor township, for two years;
the east end school one term ; the Canadochly,
Lower Windsor, for two years; the Fairview
for four terms ; and the home school again for
five years, proving himself throughout an able
and successful teacher, whose services were
always in great demand.
In 1891 -Mr. Stein turned his attention to
mercantile pursuits and opened a general store