George Rogers Howell.

The early history of Southampton, L. I., New York, with genealogies online

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Online LibraryGeorge Rogers HowellThe early history of Southampton, L. I., New York, with genealogies → online text (page 1 of 42)
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By GEORGE ROGERS HOWELL, M. A. (Yale University),






DEC 2 4 198C.

Presbyterian Church, Erected 1707.

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The object of the author of this work is not to give a complete
history of the town, though the work is necessarily historical.
It is rather to present, so far as possible, a picture of the life and
struggles of our ancestors in subduing a wilderness and progress-
ing in the arts of civilization. It is so far an episode in the early
history of the colonies. Besides this, it has been deemed proper
to record any salient facts or occurrences of later date of general
interest. The importance of the genealogical portion of the work
can scarcely be over estimated. The far greater part of this has
been constructed with great care by the author from an almost
infinite number of isolated records in wills, deeds, family Bibles,
church and town records of all descriptions, tomb-stones, and from
whatever source afforded with certainty a name and a date. Since
the publication of the first edition in 18G6, all this material has
been reviewed, and the addition of much genealogical information
has made it necessary in most cases to rewrite the whole. Wher-
ever assistance was afforded in this it is duly accredited.

While the author has consulted Prime and Thompson, the his-
torical portion has been derived almost wholly from original
sources ; that is, from original MSS. documents in the town records
and office of Secretary of State at Albany, and from the earliest
historians of the colonial period.

Great care has been taken to present perfect copies of the ancient
instruments of writing relating to the history of the town ; but
it is found by comparison that the orthography of the same docu-
ment varies considerably, whenever it is more than once recorded.



Among the works consulted in preparation and revision of this
history are the Colonial Eecords of Connecticut, Massachusetts,
New Jersey and New York ; Brodhead's History of New York ;
Denton's New York ; Drake's Founders of New England ; Essex
Institute Publications ; Felt's Ecclesiastical History of New Eng-
land; Gookin's Indians of New England; Hatfield's History of
Elizabeth ; Hinman's Puritans of Connecticut ; Hubbard's General
History of New England ; Johnson's Wonder-working Providence ;
Josselyn's Two Voyages ; Lechford's News from New England ;
Lewis and Newhall's History of Lynn ; Mather's Magnalia and New
England; New England Historical and Genealogical Eegister-
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary ; Trumbull's History of Connecti-
cut, and Winthrop's History of New England.

Albany, N. Y., 1886.


CHAPTER I. page.
Early Discoveries 9


Outline of the History of Long Island. — Accounts of the Early Set-
tlers. — First Attempt at a Settlement at Manhasset, in North
Hempstead. — Removal to the East End 14


The Settlement of Southampton and the Settlers. — List of Inhabitants

in 1649, 1657, 1683 and 1698 20

Character of the Settlers 46


Civil Relations. — Pure Democracy. — Union with Connecticut. — With

New York. — Dutch Interregnum. — Again with New York 50


During the Revolutionary War. — Occupation by the British. — Per-
sonal Incidents. — Colonies. — Soldiers of the Slaveholders' Rebel-
lion. — New York Annex 68


Civil Laws. — Courts. — Decrees of Courts 87


The Church. — Ministers. — Church Edifices. — Schools 97


Various Localities. — Residences of Settlers. — Changes of Residence. —

Residences in 1864 140


Indians. — Friendly Relations with them. — Purchase of their Lands. —
Lease of Shinnecock and the Hills. — Sale of Shinnecock Hills. . . . 164

viii Index of Contents.

Early Customs. — Whaling.— Burying Grounds.— Miscellaneous 176

Births, Marriages and Deaths 198

Genealogies 201



Disposal! of the Vessell and Agreement of the Settlers 447

Indian Deed of December 13, 1640 450

Indian Deed of Quogue Purchase, 1659 451

Deed for Quogue Purchase, 1653 452

Indian Deed for Topping's Purchase, 1662 453

Indian Deed for Topping's Purchase, 1666 454

Sale of Hog Neck. 1665 454

Indian Deed for the Whole Town, 1703 454

Deed of James Farret, 1640. April 456

Second Deed of Farret, June 12, 1640 457

Confirmation of Same, 7 July, 1640 457

Lord Stirling's Confirmation, August, 1640 458

Patent of Governor Andros, 1676 458

Patent of Governor Dongan, 1686 460

Laws of Early Settlers 464



*John Yeeazzano, a Florentine, sent out on a voyage of dis-
covery in 1524, by Francis I. of France, first makes land probably
on the coast of South Carolina. Thence sailing northward he
explores the coast, but overlooks, apparently, the Chesapeake and
Delaware bays. "While off the coast of Yirginia or Maryland, he
says: " Hauing our aboade three dayes in this cuntrey, riding on
the coast for want of harboroughs, wee concluded to depart from
thence, trending along the shore betweene the North and East,
sayling onely in the day time and riding at ancker by night. In
the space of 100 leagues sayling, weefounde a very pleasant place,
situated amongst certaine little steepe hilles : from amiddest the
which hilles there ran down into the sea a great streame of water,
which within the mouth was very deep, and from ye sea to ye
mouth of same, with the tyde, which wee found to rise 8 foot,
any great vcssell laden may passe up."

This, of course, was the mouth of the Hudson, called by all the
early navigators the " Great river." He says they passed up the
riser about half a league and found the country well peopled and
the inhabitants received the visitors with " great showtes of ad-
miration.'' This was the extent of his exploration in New York
harbor. Again : " We weied Ancker and sayled toward the East,
I'm- so the coast trended, and so alwayes for 50 leagues, being in
the sio-ht thereof, wee discovered an Ilande in the forme of a
triangle, distant from the main lande >"> leagues, about the bignesse
of the Ilande of the Rodes, it was full of hilles, couered with
trees, well peopled, for we sawe fires all along the coaste. Wee gaue
the name of it of your Maiesties mother, [Claudia] not staying
there by reason of the weather being contrarie."

* Ilakhiyt Soc. Pub. Reprint, 1850, of the Relation of Verazzano, pub. in 1582, pp. 62, 63.


h> History of Southampton.

It would seem from this accounl thai Verazzano sailed along
the entire coast of Long Island, supposing it to be the main land
(as it is nearly fifty leagues in length), and the island to which lie
gave the name of 01audia(the name of Francis 5 first wife — not,
of his mother) was afterward called Block [sland, from its sub
Bequenl Dutch discoverer, Adrian Block. The astonishment of
the [ndians at the sight of Hudson's ship, the "Half Moon,"
eighty-five years after, and of himself in scarlet robes, showed

that this visit had been forgotten. But then the witnesses of the

first European visit were long dead and the archives of the In-
dians made no revelations of these matters. Verazzano was,
doubtless, the first European navigator who ever gazed upon the
shores of this island, unless, perchance, the Northmen wandered
so far to the south of their temporary occupation of the coasts of
Newfoundland and New England.

During the interval of eighty years that succeeded, western

Europe was too much occupied at home to project, colonies
abroad. The how Countries, Germany, France, Italy and Spain
were one greal battle-ground. Charles V. of Spain and I. of
Germany was fighting his rival, Francis 1. of France, and, after
him, his son, Henry II., both bent on territorial conquest and the

destruction of each other, until the second treason of Maurice of
Saxony sent (diaries hack to Spain completely routed, and this,
and the gout and disappointed ambition brought him knocking at
the gate of a convent to secure a retreat for the remainder of his
life. The gold and silver from Mexico and Peru brought in the
Spanish galleons that escaped the guns of Drake and Hawkins and
Raleigh were pom-ed int.* the coffers of Philip II., only to be
spent in establishing the Inquisition in Holland and in building
fleets and palaces in Spain. France was a camp of Huguenotand
Protestant. England, at the beginning of the seventeenth cen-
tury, had planted a colony in Virginia, and began to feel the

impetus of discovery and trade with the new world. In a
desire, to participate in the trade with America that was enrich-
ing their cotemporaries, *Henry Wriothesly, Earl of South-
ampton, and Thomas, Lord Arundel, resolved to lit out a ship

* Plnkerton's Voyages, \.>i \u. p 888

Early Discoveries. 11

for this expedition. " This vessel was called the * Archangel,' and
was commanded by Captain George Weymouth, an experienced
and skillful seaman, who sailed the last day of March, 1»;05, from
Dartmouth. * * * After much expectation [of seeing land]
on the 10th of May they obtained sight of an island of no great
consequence, [sizej and very woody along the shore ; but by the
fruits they found, it appeared no barren nor despicable spot, more
especially as there were streams of fresh water running down the
cliffs in great plenty, [off Montauk probably] vast numbers of
fowls, and fish enough all along the shore. This island is now
called Long Island, and it was upon the eastern part of it they fell
to their great satisfaction.'' This was the second visit of a
European vessel to this Island, and the story is not without inter-
est. And what is of more interest to the general reader, he evi-
dently entered the bay of New York and sailed up the Hudson
river some forty or fifty miles.

The next explorer who touched upon the coast was Henry Hud-
son, an Englishman, but on this particular voyage in the employ-
ment of the Dutch "West India Company. He sailed from Holland
in March, 1G09, in the ship " Half Moon," and the account of the
voyage has been transmitted to us by * Robert Juet, a Nether-
lander, who accompanied Hudson in an unknown capacity. The
object of the expedition was, as usual, to find a shorter passage to
the riches of the east, the Indies. He at first sought a north-east
route, but meeting interminable ice fields near Nova Zembla, he
turned his prow to the south-west to find a western passage to the
same point. Making land at Newfoundland, which had been
previously discovered and named by Cabot, he skirted along the
coast looking for a passage to the Pacific until he came to the
English settlements in Virginia, having touched in his course at
Cape Cod and explored the adjacent waters. Again turn inn-
northward (from Virginia) he discovered and explored for the first
time, apparently by Europeans, Delaware bay. Passing on he
came through the Narrows and entered the noble bay of New
York, and subsequently he sailed up the magnificent river which

* Hakluyt Soc. Pub.

12 History of Southampton.

now bears ais name, to the present site of Albany. On his home-
ward passage from New York bay, Juet says he steered south-east
by east, and was soon out of sight of land, and saw no more until
they made the coast of England. So that Hudson could not have
seen any more than the western end of Long Island. These ex-
plorations of Cape Cod and Delaware bay were the basis of the
Dutch claim to all territory lying between these two points and
extending, inland, indefinitely to the Pacific.

These early explorations have been noticed rather on account of
their general historical interest than from any immediate connec-
tion with the settlement of the town in 1640. The question lias
been asked how happened the attention of the colonists to be
turned in the direction of the east end of Long Island, then an un-
explored wilderness. Aside from the facts that they had resolved
to go somewmere, and that they, as well as any others, might
venture into a wilderness, the truth is, the friends of the colonists,
and consequently, they themselves, had special knowledge of the
advantages offered to them by this Isle of the sea. *In the sum-
mer of 1633, Governor Winthrop had the bark " Blessing " built,
and on October 2, 1633, she returns from a voyage of discovery
to Mystic, and reports " having made a further discovery of that
called Long Island. ' ? There they trafficked with the natives and
"procured Wampampeag, both white and blue, it being made by
the Indians there."

With these facts, before us, the solution of the question becomes
very simple, that they came on the personal recommendation of
Governor Winthrop and his representation of the fertility of the
soil and the abundance of food in the forests and waters of the

This was the heroic age of modern history, when the Old
World was stirred up to people the new. Those who are old
enough to remember the excitement of 1849 in ' ; the States" over
the newly-discovered gold fields of California, and the eagerness
with which men flocked there for sudden fortunes, may have some
idea of the same fever for emigration to America that prevailed
at that time in London, with its county of Middlesex, and thead-

* Hubbard's General History of N. E., Mass. Hist. Coll. 2 s. v. 5, p. 174.

Early Discoveries. 13

jacent counties. After the home difficulties and troubles that so
oppressed the middle classes of England nothing so occupied the
popular mind as the immediate transfer of their homes to the
New World. This fact is conspicuous in the writings of the
English at home and especially in their letters to their friends in

14 History of Southampton.




The Dutch who had settled on Manhattan Island in the early
part of the seventeenth century, soon began to build and occupy
on the opposite shore of Long Island ; and as their population
increased, naturally pushed out their settlements to the eastward
on the north and south shores of the Island. Thus it happened
that the western part of the Island came under the jurisdiction
of the Dutch Government at New Amsterdam until the sur-
render of New York to the English in 1664.

But the proximity of the Island to Connecticut afforded some
ground for the English Crown to set up a claim to it. Accord-
ingly Charles I., April 22, 1636, requested the Corporation for
New England, called the Plymouth Colony, to issue their patent
to William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, for Long Island, and the
islands adjacent. They did so, and on April 20, 1637, the
Earl gave power of Attorney* to James Farret to dispose of said
lands. This, however, took effect only on the east end of Long
Island where the English subsequently resided.

Upon the death of Lord Stirling in 1640, his heir relinquished
the grant above mentioned to the king, and thus it happened
that on March 12, 1664, Charles II. granted, with other terri-
tory, Long Island and the Islands adjacent, to his brother James,
Duke of York and Albany. In the following August, Col.
Richard Nicolls, at the head of a fleet, came and obtained a sur-
render of New York to the crown of England. Now for the
first time the eastern towns of the Island came under the juris-
diction of New York, Southampton having sent deputies to the
General Court of Connecticut regularly, from 1644 to 1664. In

* A copy of which is now in the town records of Southampton.

Accounts of Eakly Settlers. 15

July, 1673, New York was recovered by the Dutch and the
Island followed the fate of the larger colony. Both, however,
were again surrendered by the Dutch to the English Govern-
ment, November 10, 1674, and so remained English Colonies
till the war of our Independence.

Few traces can be found of the original proprietors of the
town prior to the settlement. They were all of English origin,
and probably came from the counties of Bedford, Bucks and
Lincoln. The tradition that they sailed from Southampton, Eng-
land, and for this reason adopted the name for their settlement, is
worthless, since there is no evidence that they did sail from that
place, but on the contrary, so far as known, they sailed from other
ports of England, and at different times. I offer it as a conjecture
that the town was so named from Henry Wriothesly, Earl of
Southampton, who was very active in colonizing the new world.
He was director and treasurer of the Virginia Company, 1620 to
1624, and must have been well known to and by the leading men
of the Southampton colonists.

The common statement derived from Cotton Mather (Magnalia)
is, that between thirty and forty families in Lynn, Mass., finding
themselves straitened for land, came over to Long Island and
effected a settlement. In enumerating the settlements of New
England, Ogilby, in his History of America, says : " About the
year 1640, by a fresh supply of people, that settled in Long
Island, was there erected the twenty -third town call'd Southamp-
ton, by the Indians, Agawam."

There is truth in both of these statements though neither is
absolutely correct. Some of the colonists had lived in Lynn for
years and some doubtless were new arrivals.

Among the inhabitants of that place in 1630, were Edmund
Farrington, Allen Breed, Daniel Howe, and John White. In
1637, were also Christopher Foster, John Pierson, Thomas Halsey,
Josiah Stanborough, George "Welbye, Richard Wells, William
Partridge and Philip Kertland. John Cooper was made Free-
man, i. e., admitted to privilege of voting, at Boston, December
6, 1636; Christopher Foster, the same, April 17, 1637; Edward
Howell, the same, March 14, 1639 ;* Rev. Abraham Pierson

* 1039-40.

16 History of Southampton.

arrived in America in 1639. With some more which are men-
tioned elsewhere, these are all the traces that can be given of the
founders of Southampton.

The original " undertakers," eight in number, purchased a sloop
for the transportation of their families and their goods for £S0,
of which Edward Howell and Daniel Howe, each contributed
£15; Edmund Farrington, George Wei be, and Henry Walton
each £10 ; and Josiah Stanborough, Job Sayre, Edmund Need-
ham and Thomas Sayre, each £5. Before sailing, however, the
other proprietors disposed of their interest in the vessel to Daniel
Howe, in consideration of his making three trips annually for
two years for transportation of goods from Lynn to their planta-
tion. Articles of agreement were drawn up and signed, in which
were stated the plans and purposes of the company, and their
several shares proportioned to the amount of money by each
contributed. These articles, as well as those for the " Disposall
of the Vessell " were dated March 10, 1639* April 17, 164r0f
(a month after the confirmation of Lyon Gardiner's purchase of
Gardiner's Island), Farrett, in behalf of Lord Stirling, made an
agreement with Lieutenant Howe, Edward Howell and others (as
above) by which they were authorized^; to occupy eight miles
square of land in any part of Long Island. The amount that
was to be paid to the Earl of Stirling, as a recognition of his
title to the land, was to be estimated by the Hon. John Winthrop,
Governor of Massachusetts Colony, who fixed the amount at four
bushels of Indian corn, in consideration that the country w r as a
wilderness, and that the natives pretended some claims to the land.
This deed of Farrett was given also about a month after the dis-
posal of the vessel and signing the articles of agreement since, as
the reader will remember, at that time the year was reckoned to
commence on the twenty-fifth of March.

§ The next we hear of them, the Lynn emigrants arrived in the
following month of May at Manhasset at the head of Cow Bay
(or Sellout's Bay, as the Dutch called it). Here they found the
arms of the Prince of Orange erected upon a tree, and Lieutenant
Howe, the leader of the expedition, pulled them down. This

* 1639-40. t Town Records. J See appendix § N. Y. Col. Hist.

Accounts of Early Settlers. 17

was on the 10th of May, 1640.* But the Sachem Penhawitz
who had just before ceded all his rights to the Dutch, promptly
informed Governor Kieft that some " foreign strollers " had arrived
at Sellout's Bay, where they were felling trees and building houses,
'and "had even hewn down the arms of their Hio;h Mightinesses."
Commissary Yan Curler (Corlear) was sent to ascertain the facts,
and the Sachem's story was found to be true. The arms of the
State had been torn down, and in their place had been drawn an
" unhandsome face," " all which aforesaid appeared strange to us,
being a criminal offense against his Majesty, and tending to the
disparagement of their High Mightinesses."

May 13th, the Council of New Amsterdam order Cornelius
Yan Tienhoven to arrest and bring before them the " strollers
and vagabonds " of Sellout's Bay who had so insulted their Dutch
dignities. On the next day, with two officers and twenty men,
he started on his mission of ejectment, and arrived at the clearing
May 15th, finding one small house built and another unfinished.
" They were first asked, what they were doing there ; by what
power or by whose authority they presumed to settle on our pur-
chased soil, and told that they must show their commission.
Eight men, one woman and a little child, made answer that they
intended to plant there, and were authorized thereunto by a
Scotchman who had gone with their commission to Red Hill.

Secondly they were asked, for what reason did they throw-
down their High Mightinesses' Arms and set up a fool's face in
the stead. To which some answered, the escutcheon was cut
down by a person who is not present ; another answered, such was
done in their presence by order of a Scotchman, James Farrett ;
and he and Lieutenant Howe were then at lied Hill.f Here-
upon six men were brought to Fort Amsterdam, leaving two men,
and one woman and a child on the ground, to take care of their
goods ; they arrived oh the 15th of May."

At the subsequent examination, the following facts appeared.
They went to Long Island to settle, from Lynn, Mass., and others

*Col. Hist, of N. Y.

tRoodeberg or Roodenberg or Red Hill, the name given to New Haven by the Dutch,
probably from the appearance of East and West Roeks from the harbor.


18 History of Southampton.

were to follow. They came under authority of James Farrett with
consent of Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts Bay Colony. It
was intended to bring twenty families, and "many more would come
if the land was good.' 1 They should have lived free under their
own laws, and would have been obedient to whomsoever was lord
of the land. Job Sayre on examination, said, he was born in
Bretfordshire (probably Bedfordshire — he was examined through
a Dutch interpreter), was twenty-eight years old, and had resided
in Lynn, Mass. George Welbye said, he was born in Northamp-
tonshire, was twenty-five years old, and resided in Lynn. John
Farrington said, he was born in Bockingh am shire (Buckingham-
shire), was twenty-four years old, and lived in Lynn. Philip
Cartelyn (Kertland) twenty-six years old, and Nathaniel Cartelyn
(Kertland) twenty-two years old, birthplace and residence the
same as Farrington' s. William Harker said, he was born in Cin-
censhire (Lincolnshire ?) and was twenty-four years of age. On
May 19th, they were discharged as not guilty of tearing down the
arms of the Lords States, and set at liberty on " condition that
they do promise to depart forthwith from our territory, and never
to return to it without the Directors' express consent." Thus
ended the first attempt at a settlement ; the " strollers and vaga-

Online LibraryGeorge Rogers HowellThe early history of Southampton, L. I., New York, with genealogies → online text (page 1 of 42)