George S. (George Samuel) Clason.

Free homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers online

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at the extreme western limit of the great plains. Most of the county ia
rocky and mountainous, with very fertile valleys interspersed through the
mountains.

Canon City is an attractive and important city of about 6,500 people.
It is the county seat. The next town of importance is Florence, with a
population of 3,000. The population of the county is 18,181.

The industries of this county are varied. It is a splendid fruit raising
district and an important coal mining section, and the location of a produc-
ing oil field, and large cement mills.

The mountainous area of the county are practically unsettled and filled
with many small valleys and natural parks that should be settled.

The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as
follows :

Grains $ 35,000.00

Hay 250,000.00

Fruit 500,000.00

Vegetables and other crops 100,000.00

The soil in the agricultural district in Fremont county is exceptionally
fertile. It is one of the best apple producing districts in the State, and
while its agricultural resources are not as well known as its scenic attrac-
tions, owing to this being the location of the far-famed Royal gorge of the
Arkansas river, they are well worth investigating.

PUEBLO LAND DISTRICT.

Township 16 S., R. 68 W. This is a rough and mountainous township
throughout. There is scattering timber of small growth. Plenty of surface
water. Very fair grazing land in the rolling hills. Value, $5 to $7 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Distance from
railroad, three miles.

Township 17 S., R. 68 W. Very rough and hilly land, lying in the foot-
hills. The surface is broken by deep box canyons and rimrocks, and is cov-
ered with a thick growth of cedar and pinon trees. In this township there
are a few fine little open parks. The timber makes good shelter for stock in
the winter, although the grazing among it is very poor, hut in the open places
grazing is fine. The soil is very loamy. Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 to 7,500 feet. Distance from rail-
road, nine miles.

Township 18 S., R. 68 W. This township is principally rough and rocky
land, lying in the foothills; it is broken by deep box canyons and rimrocks
covered with a growth of scrub timber. The timber is of no value except
as shelter for stock. The grass is good in the natural parks. This town-



FREMONT COUNTY 101



ship is a stock country only. Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre. Annual rainfall,
10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Distance from railroad, three miles.

Township 16 S., R. 69 W. This township is just south of the famous
Cripple Creek mining district. It is a very hilly country, but affords good
grazing. There are a few trees and some agricultural land. Value, $5 to $10
per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,000 to 10,000 feet.
Distance from railroad, three miles. Crossed by abandoned railroad.

Township 17 S., R. 69 W. This township is mostly rough and moun-
tainous; broken throughout by deep canyons. There is some tillable land
along the creeks and in the natural parks. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. This
is an excellent stock country. The township is crossed by the Florence &
Cripple Creek railroad, which has been abandoned for several years. Five
miles from Canon City, the county seat of Fremont county, nearest railroad
station. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Township 18 S., R. 69 W. Mostly prairie lands cut by bluffs and hog-
backs. There is some high grazing land in this township. Value, $3.50 to
$10 per acre. This township is crossed by the Florence & Cripple Creek
railroad, which is no longer operated. It is only one mile from a trans-
continental railroad and three miles from the county seat, Canon City. An-
nual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 5,500 feet.

Township 16 S., R. 70 W. This township is generally rough and rocky.
The northern part lies in Teller county and adjoins the famous 'Jripple Creek
mining district. There are some excellent agricultural lands along the
streams. There is not much grazing land and very little timber. Value,
$3.50 for the rough land, and to $30 per acre for the best meadow lands.
Elevation, 6,500 feet. Rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Two miles from railroad.

Township 17 S., R. 70 W. This is a mountainous township containing
little land suitable for cultivation. There are some level farming lands,
however; others are rough and broken, suitable only for grazing. Value,
$3.50 to $10 per acre. Located only five miles from Canon City, the county
seat of Fremont county. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 5,500
feet. Distance from railroad, four miles.

Township 18 S., R. 70 W. In the southern part of this township is
located Canon City, the county seat of Fremont county. This township is
partially level land and partially cut by rocky rimrock peaks. The vacant
lands are in the extreme northern part of the township in the foothills.
Value, $5 to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 5,500
feet.

Township 19 S., R. 70 W. The only vacant lands in this township are

per
spur



., . .

high and rough; worthless except for grazing purposes. Value, $3.50 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Several
railroads to the large coal mines in this township.

Township 20 S., R. 70 W. The only vacant lands in this township are
high and rough; worthless except for grazing purposes. Value, $3.50 per
acre. A coal mining section, reached by railroad. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20
inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet.

Township 16 S., R. 71 W. The surface of this township is mostly open
country. There is scarcely any timber. High, broken and mountainous.
This is a good grazing section. Plenty of water in the creeks and occasional
springs. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Eleva-
tion, 8,000 feet. Distance from railroad, ten miles.



102 FREMONT COUNTY



Township 17 S., R. 71 W. This township contains the central part of a
park about twelve miles square, called Wilson park. It is surrounded by
high mountains. On account of the high altitude and the scarcity of water,
the park is not good for agricultural purposes. The mountains are covered
with grass and with small pine and pinon trees. Value, $3.50 to $7 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Distance from
railroad, five miles.

Township 18 S., R. 71 W. This township is principally high plateau,
cut diagonally by the Royal gorge, a fissure from 500 to 2,000 feet in depth.
Some of the high bench lands are being successfully farmed without irriga-
tion. Portions of the township are very rough and mountainous and covered
with pine and spruce timber of inferior quality. Some of the land in this
township is absolutely worthless, being inaccessible. Other portions are
worth from $3.50 to $10 per acre. This towsnhip is crossed by a good trans-
continental automobile road, which is a feature in this rough country. The
railroad follows the Arkansas river throughout the Royal gorge and across
the township. Annual rainfall, 12 to 18 inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet.

Township 19 S., R. 71 W. The surface is very rough and mountainous,
being quite rocky and covered with timber. Principally s-iitable for grazing.
Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation,
6,500 feet. Three miles from railroad.

Township 20 S., R. 71 W. The surface of this township is mostly
mountainous, with a small portion of tillable land along the creek bottoms.
Some yellow pine and spruce timber, a part of it being sawmill size. Plenty
of water. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Elevation, 6,500 feet. Distance from railroad, seven miles.

Township 16 S., R. 72 W. The surface is mountainous, with parks and
valleys containing some good tillable land. There is some timber and a part
of it is of sawmill size. This country is not much good for farming on ac-
count of the small size of the valleys, but offers good opportunities for
stock men. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Elevation, 8,000 feet. Distance from railroad, eight miles.

Township 17 S., R. 72 W. The surface of this township is mostly
mountainous, covered with timber. Very good grazing section. Well watered
by creeks and numerous springs and gulches. There is a little arable land
of excellent quality. This is principally a stock country. Value, $3.50 to $5
per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Distance
from railroad, three miles.

Township 18 S., R. 72 W. This is a very rough mountainous section,
containing steep gulches and ravines. This township is crossed by the
Arkansas river, which runs in a canyon practically all the way across the
township. There is some timber and a little grass. Value, $3.50 per acre.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Crossed by railroad.

Township 19 S., R. 72 W. This is a very rough and mountainous sec-
tion, cut by sandstone ridges in the southern part. There is some good
grass, with considerable timber on the hills. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Distance from rail-
road, five miles.

Township 20 S., R. 72 W. This township affords good grazing, but
very little opportunity for cultivation on account of the lack of water.
There are a few springs in Sections 2, 9, 28 and 29, which comprise all the



FREMONT COUNTY 103



water in the township. There are indications of mineral, and a scattered
growth of pinon trees. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15
to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Distance from railroad, ten miles.

Township 16 S., R. 73 W. This township is mountainous throughout.
The soil is sandy and gravelly. There is some timber. First class bottom
lands along the creeks. Rather poor grazing. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Distance from
railroad, ten miles.

Township 17 S., R. 73 W. Portions of this township could be dry farmed.
Tallahassee creek furnishes plenty of water at all times. The surface is
generally mountainous and broken. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Distance from railroad,
five miles.

Township 18 S., R. 73 W. This township is mountainous throughout.
There are some good spruce and pine timber. Good grass in the gulches.
The Arkansas river and railroad crosses the southeast corner of the town-
ship. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value,
$3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 19 S., R. 73 W. This township is high mountainous rough
land. There is considerable scrub timber. The Arkansas river and railroad
crosses the northeast corner of the township. Value, $3.50 per acre. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 20 S., R. 73 W. The north and west portions of this township
are hilly and mountainous; while the central and southeast portions are
attractive and fertile parks. There are no streams of running water, but
there are several fine springs. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall,
15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Distance from railroad, eight miles.

Township 49 N., R. 10 E. This township is exceedingly mountainous.
The soil is of poor quality. There is some good pine timber in the central
portion. The Arkansas river and railroad crosses the southwestern part of
this township. Value, $3.50 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 47 N., R. 11 E. This township extends from the Arkansas
river south to the top of the Sangre de Cristo range. The southern portion
is very rough and broken, and included in the San Isabel national forest.
The mountainous section is very rough and broken. All of the creeks run
through deep canyons, making it impassable for man or beast. In the north-
ern portion there is some good farming land along the different streams.
There is considerable cedar, pinon and scrub oak underbrush. Value, $3.50
to $5 per acre. Very good grazing land. The railroad touches the northern
boundary. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet.

Township 48 N., R. 11 E. The Arkansas river crosses the western and
southern portions of the townhsip, also a railroad. There is some land along
the bottoms suitable for cultivation. The rest of the township is very
rough indeed, and only valuable as pasturage for goats. Value, $3.50 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 49 N., R. 11 E. A rough township lying well up in the
mountains; heavily timbered in portions with spruce and pine. A good
summer pasturage. Comparatively well watered. Not suitable for agricul-
tural purposes. Value, $5 per acre. Distance from railroad, two miles.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,500 feet.



104 FREMONT COUNTY



Township 50 N., R. 11 E. This township is mountainous throughout.
The greater portion is so rough and broken as to be almost impassable. It
is well watered by numerous springs and gulches. There is some good hay
land along the larger gulches. Not much timber of consequence, although
some aspen and scrub pines. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall,
15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Distance from railroad, six miles.

Township 51 N., R. 11 E. The surface of this township is mountainous.
The soil is loamy and produces bunch and buffalo grass. The southern tier
of sections have some good pine and spruce timber. Good grazing section and
occupied by stockmen. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Distance from railroad, ten miles.

Township 47 N., R. 12 E. This township is comparatively level, but
with some rough portion. There is some very fine hay lands in the south-
eastern portion. The hay lands are all taken up. The uplands afford very
good grazing. The extreme northern portion of the township is very rough
and covered with huge boulders. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rain-
fall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Crossed by railroad.

Township 48 N., R. 12 E. This township is crossed by the Arkansas river
and railroad. It is very rough and rocky, mountainous land, suitable only
for grazing. Plenty of water. Value, $3.50 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 49 N., R. 12 E. The surface is very mountainous, with several
high peaks. There is very little level land. The soil is poor, excepting
in the very narrow valleys along the creeks and gulches. Value, $3.50 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Distance
from railroad, three miles.

Township 50 N., R. 12 E. This township is rocky and mountainous.
There is scruby pinon on all of the mountains. The soil is generally poor.
Good grazing in the creek bottoms and gulches. Suitable only for stock
raising. Value, $3.50 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation,
9,000 to 11,000 feet. Distance from railroad, ten miles.

Township 51 N., R. 12 E. This township is well watered and raises good
grass. The surface is generally stony. Only valuable for grazing. Value, $3.50
to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 9,500 feet. Dis-
tance from railroad, twelve miles.

DEL NORTE LAND DISTRICT.

Township 48 N., R. 10 E. This township is mostly mountainous. There
is a little farming, altho the soil is not good. Along the Arkansas river there
is a nice valley with excellent soil. The township is well watered by a num-
ber of streams and there is considerable timber. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.
The southwest portion of this township lies along the crest of the Sangre
de Cristo range and is included in the San Isabel national forest. It is
crossed by railroad. Annual rainfall, 15 to 25 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet.

LEADVILLE LAND DISTRICT.

Township 50 N., R. 10 E. A very mountainous and rocky district, on top
of the Arkansas hills; covered with scrubby pine and pinon on the mountain
tops, but good grass on many of the slopes and along Badger creek. The soil
is not very good. Only a grazing district. Value, $5 per acre. Distance from
railroad, three miles. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet.



FREMONT COUNTY 105



Township 51 N., R. 10 E. An extremely rough and mountainous town-
ship lying on top of the Arkansas hills. Some scrubby pine and pinon timber.
Fair grass on the slope and along Badger creek. Strictly a grazing section;
cannot be irrigated or cultivated. The timber is of no value. Value, $3.50
per acre. Distance from railroad, eight miles. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.



GARFIELD COUNTY

GLENWOOD LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 978,489 Acres.

Garfield county is located in the west-central portion of Colorado. It is
crossed by the Grand river, along which there is a very fertile but narrow
valley.

Garfield county is a large county, sparsely settled, and offers many op-
portunities to the homeseeker. There are two distinct coal fields across the
county, and important coal mines at New Castle. Glenwood Springs, the
county seat, is a popular summer resort; it has a population of 2,500. The
total population of the county is only 10,000.

The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as follows:

Wheat and grain $250,000.00

Hay 600,000.00

Vegetables 400,000.00

Fruits and other crops 250,000.00

It should be noted that Carbondale, perhaps the most famous potato-rais-
ing district in the world, is located in Garfield county. Carbondale potatoes
are the ones that are wrapped separately in a piece of paper like peaches and
bring higher prices than any other potato grown in the United States.

Township 3 S., R. 87 W. A mountainous township with a rich, black loam
soil. An abundance of moisture produces fine growth of grass, making this
an excellent grazing district. Some of the land is suitable for irrigation.
The western portion of the township is included in the White River national
forest. Value, $3.50 to $8 per acre. Located eight miles from railroad. An-
nual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet.

Township 4 S., R. 87 W. A mountainous country consisting of rolling
mesas cut by deep canyons. The soil is a deep, rich, black loam in some
places, however, covered with rock and stone. In general, the land is good
for agricultural purposes, and crops can be grown without irrigation. There
are numerous natural meadows affording natural grazing. Timber is quite
abundant. This is a very attractive country. The western portion of the
township is included in the Holy Cross national forest. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Distance from railroad, two miles. Annual rain-
fall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 5 S., R. 87 W. This township is crossed by the Grand river and
railroad. There are some bottom lands along the river and considerable mesa
land on the benches. The mesas are dry and barren and are covered with a
soil that requires irrigation; back of these are hills less barren and dry, suit-
able for grazing. There is some timber throughout the township. Elevation,
6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $8 per acre.

Township 6 S., R. 87 W. A hilly township on the divide between Grand
river and Roaring Fork. There is agricultural land in small parks and along
Coulter creek. This township is mostly mountainous with a loamy soil and
numerous rocky places. Grains, vegetables and hay grow well here when
irrigated. There is considerable aspen and cottonwood timber on part of the
township. Value, $4 to $8 per acre. Distance from railroad, three miles. Ele-
vation, 7,800 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.



GARFIELD COUNTY 107



Township 7 S., R. 87 W. Considerable land in this township is suitable
for cultivation. It is a dry section, however, that requires irrigation. Nearly
all of the township furnishes good grazing for cattle and horses. A railroad
crosses the township. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Value, $4 to $10 per acre.

Township 6 S., R. 88 W. This is a mountainous township with a rocky
soil of poor quality. There is no timber, but a dense undergrowth of scrub
oak. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation,
7,900 feet. The northwestern corner is crossed by a railroad.

Township 7 S., R. 88 W. In this township is located Carbondale, the
famous potato-raising district. There is considerable rolling land here, nat-
urally covered with a dense underbrush, also numerous groves of aspen in
the gulches. Fine valley land is to be found along the river in the southern
portion. There are many fine ranches in this section. Considerable water in
evidence. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Crossed by two
railroads. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 8 S., R. 88 W. See Pitkin county.

Township 5 S., R. 89 W. This township lies in the hills just north of the
Grand river. The land is mostly rough and mountainous, being crossed by
several creeks along which there are agricultural lands. Located two miles
from Glenwood Springs, the county seat. Elevation, 6,500 to 10,000 feet. An-
nual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $10 per acre. Crossed by
railroad.

Township 6 S., R. 89 W. This township is crossed by the Grand river
and is at the junction of the Grand and Roaring Fork rivers. Glenwood
Springs, the county seat, is located at this junction. The valley lands along
the river are taken up. The general character of the township is rough and
mountainous; the mountains being very steep. Value, $3.50 to $8 per acre.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 7 S., R. 89 W. A mountainous, rolling surface. Most of the
timber has been burnt, but the surface is covered with a dense underbrush of
scrub oak and aspen. This is a good grazing district. In this township there
are some good farming lands and a few coal deposits. Crossed by Roaring
Fork river and a railroad. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 5 S., R. 90 W. This township is entirely mountainous. It is
traversed by three or four narrow, fertile valleys. The hillsides are covered
with oak and aspen brush, together with a rank growth of grass. The lands
in this district are especially valuable for grazing purposes. During the spring
and rainy season the small streams in the valleys supply water for stock.
Value, $4 to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 6,500
to 8,500 feet.

Township 6 S., R. 90 W. The surface is covered principally with oak
brush. There is considerable timber. The southern portion is very rough
and mountainous. This is a coal mining district and there are very few
opportunities for settlers contemplating farming, but excellent opportunities
for stock raising. Value, $4 to $8 per acre. Crossed by railroad. Elevation,
6,000 to 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 7 S., R. 90 W. A rough, broken township not surveyed.



108 GARFIELD COUNTY



Township 5 S., R. 91 W. In Elk Creek valley, which crosses the township,
there are good acricultural lands. In general the entire township is moun-
tainous with more or less timber. There is good grazing along the creeks and
gulches. A coal mining district. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to
15 inches. Value, $4 to $8 per acre. Distance from a railroad, one mile.

Township 6 S., R. 91 W. A greater portion of this township is piEon-
covered hills. A considerable portion is open, affording excellent grazmg
lands. Some coal mining is being carried on. Crossed by railroad. Elevation,
5,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 7 S., R. 91 W. A rough, mountainous township adapted princi-
pally to grazing. Good grass is abundant and water plentiful. The lands along
the creek battoms are in general narrow strips. The soil is stony and rocky
but naturally fertile and covered with a dense undergrowth of brush There
is considerable timber, but not of commercial value. Located five mile3 from
a railroad. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Value, $4 to $8 per acre.

Township 8 S., R. 91 W. The western portion of this township is watered
by West Divide creek, along which there are fine lands. The remainder is
mountainous, but there are many places that could be cultivated with profit.



Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 11 of 39)