George S. (George Samuel) Clason.

Free homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers online

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grass and clumps of aspen and spruce; while in the lower portions scrub oak,
aspen and spruce abound. This township contains some fine agricultural land.
Grazing is good. Located three miles from a railroad. Animal rainfall, 15
to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000 feet. Value, $3.50 to $10 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 97 W. Very rough and mountainous. All the desir-
able agricultural land has been filed on. There is good grazing in the moun-
tains and much running water. Elevation, 6,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 15 to 20 inches. Ten miles from railroad.

Township 13 S., R. 97 W. This township is rough and mountainous, and
is located on the western slope of the Grand mesa; it is more level in the
southwestern corner. The surface throughout is covered with loose rock.
There is some timber and considerable brush. There is considerable grazing
land here. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Value,
$3.50 to $5 per acre. Located five miles from a railroad.

Township 9 S., R. 98 W. This township is very mountainous, rough and
broken. The ridges dividing the streams are high and rocky. In the south-
ern portion there is a high mesa extending east and west across the town-
ship and covered with a dense growth of oak brush. There is considerable
water in the gulches and canyons, sufficient for stock. This township is not
fit for agriculture, but there is an abundance of grass, which makes it good
for grazing. The timber is pinon and in considerable quantities. A railroad



196 MESA COUNTY



touches the southeastern corner. Elevation, 5,800 feet. Annual rainfall, 10
to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 10 S., R. 98 W. This is a mountainous township with canyons
along the Grand river and the dry gulches. The soil is clay and also sandy
and rocky. The vegetation consists of bunch grass, sage brush, cedar and
pinon timber. This is not a good grazing district. There are indications of
coal in this locality. This township is crossed by a railroad, which runs in the
canon of the Grand river. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Elevation, 5,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 11 S., R. 98 W. A very rough, mountainous district through-
out, with the exception of a narrow strip along the Grand river, which is in
fine fruit orchards. Considerable coal mining is carried on in this district.
The timber consists of scattering scrubby pinon and cedar. There is some
grazing along the creeks. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 9 S., R. 99 W. A very mountainous township; the soil is poor
and rocky and unfit for cultivation. Water is found in many of the ravines.
There is an abundance of bunch and blue grass. This is a good grazing dis-
trict. Considerable pinon and cedar timber abound in this locality. There
are no indications of mineral. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Located six miles from
a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 10 S., R. 99 W. The soil varies from an adobe clay to sandy
and rocky. This is a poor grazing district although the township is well
watered. Elevation, 5,000 to 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Located three miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 99 W. There are fine bottom lands in this township
along the Gunnison river, but they require irrigation; outside of these lands
the surface of the township is broken and mountainous with little other
land of much value. Elevation, 5,000 feet. Annual rainfall, under 10 inches.
This township is crossed by railroad. Value, $5 to $8 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 99 W. The surface is chiefly elevated plateaus, sloping
from the south to the north and very broken. There are no large streams,
with the exception of the Gunnison river and East creek. The only land suit-
able for cultivation is very narrow strips along the Gunnison. There is a
stunted growth of cedar and pinon, but no timber of value. Annual rainfall,
less than 10 inches. Elevation, 5,000 feet. This township is crossed by a
railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 99 W. In the northwestern corner of this township
there are a few sections known as "Cactus Flats" covering a few thousand
acres of exceptionally rich soil, which would be very valuable if water could
be stored and conducted thereon. The remainder of the township is located in
a mountainous, barren section, not even good for grazing. Annual rainfall,
under 10 inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Located one mile from a railroad.
Value, $3.50 to $8 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 99 W. This is a mountainous township on the edge
of the Uncompaghre plateau not surveyed.

Township 9 S., R. 100 W. The northern portion of this township is a
part of the Book cliffs, which are very rough and precipitious. There is a
scrubby growth of cedars throughout the mesa. The lands outside of the
mesa are cut by ravines. Water is scarce in this district. Annual rainfall,
10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 5,000 to 6,000 feet. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.



MESA COUNTY 197



Township 10 S., R. 100 W. This is a fractional township; the surface
consists of adobe hills, valleys and sandy mesas lying at the foot of Little
Book cliffs. It is cut by several gulches and ravines, all dry a greater part
of the year. A large portion of this township lies in the Grand River valley.
While arid nonproductive land at present, it will be valuable if irrigated.
There is some grass on the sandy mesas. Located six miles from a railroad.
Elevation, 5,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Five miles from rail-
road. Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 100 W. This is a plateau country very badly broken
by deep, rocky ravines and gulches. It lies just south of the Gunnison river,
which cuts the northeastern corner ; there is no other water excepting that in
the river. The surface is covered quite generally with a scant growth of
scrubby cedars and pinons. There is no land suitable for agriculture, outside
of the level valleys and narrow strips of bottom land. Elevation, 5,000 feet.
This township is crossed by a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual
rainfall, 10 inches or less.

Township 13 S., R. 100 W. This township is an elevated plateau, sloping
rapidly north. The surface is exceedingly broken by rough canyons travers-
ing numerous rocky ravines. A large area is covered with loose rock ridges.
There is a scant growth of scrubby cedar and pinon over the entire township
with some yellow pine. This is a rather barren section with no land suitable
for agriculture. There is very little water. Elevation, 5,500 to 8,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located three miles from a railroad. Value,
$3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 100 W. The surface is rough and mountainous, cov-
ered with a dense growth of timber, stunted in character. There is some
agricultural land in Unaweep canyon and some other portions that could be
cultivated. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located
six miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 100 W. This is an exceedingly rough, mountainous
township, covered with heavy timber. There is no agricultural land here and
very little grazing land. This township is mostly located on the Uncompaghre

lateau, the southewestern portion being included in the national forest,
ocated ten miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Elevation,
7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches.

Township 9 S., R. 101 W. This township is mostly on the Little Book
cliffs; it is a precipitious, rough country covered with cedar and pinon tim-
ber of an inferior quality. The northeastern portion is a rolling prairie cov-
ered with bunch grass and sage brush. The soil is sandy and of poor quality.
There is no surface water. Located nine miles from a railroad. Elevation,
5,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 101 W. This township is mountainous, rough and
broken, covered with bunch grass, sage brush, cedar and pinon timber. The
soil is sandy and rocky, being of poor quality. There are several living
springs in sections 25, 26, 35 and 36. This district is well adapted to grazing.
There are no agricultural lands. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Located five
miles from a railroad. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Elevation, 6,500 to
7,500 feet.

Township 13 S., R. 101 W. A rough, mountainous township. The soil is
partially sandy and rocky and partially black loam. There is considerable
pine, cedar and pinon timber, some of which has been cut for mill timber.
There is an excellent stand of grass, principally bunch and blue grass, afford-



198 MESA COUNTY



ing good grazing for cattle. East creek carries considerable water. Elevation,
7,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inche*. Located five miles from
a railroad. Value, $4 to $6 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 101 W. The surface is generally very rough and
broken. Water courses divide the steep, rough ridges of sandstone. The
northern and central portions are high and comparatively level mesas with
very precipitious bluffs. The timber in the southern part is mostly pinon,
while that in the northern part is principally pine and aspen. There is con-
siderable water in some of the creeks and gulches. This is a fairly good graz-
ing country, bunch grass growing in abundance. Elevation, 8,000 to 10,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located twelve miles from a railroad.
Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 9 S., R. 102 W. This is a fractional township lying in the
Grand river valley and is very productive land if irrigated. There is plenty
of cottonwood timber on East Salt creek, but no water. Water that is found
by digging is intensely alkaline. Located five miles from a railroad. Eleva-
tion, 5,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 11 S., R. 102 W. This township lies on top of a mesa south of
the Grand river. The surface is rough and broken, covered with a dense
growth of pinon and cedar timber. The soil is poor, being sandy and rocky,
and of third rate. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Located five miles from a railroad.
Annual rainfall, less than 10 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 102 W. This is a mountainous, rough, broken country,
covered with pinon and cedar timber, also having a dense growth of sage
brush. There is good grazing, but the scarcity of water renders this district
worthless except for winter range. Most of the gulches carry water from the
winter snows. The soil is generally sandy and rocky, being third rate. Eleva-
tion, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located eight miles from a
railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 102 W. The surface is very rough and broken, cut by
deep canyons; the northern portion is covered with a dense growth of pinon
and cedar; the southern contains little or no timber. The soil is a black
loam and the grass is very good in places. This township is watered by
Little Dolores river. Located ten miles from a railroad. Elevation, 7,000 to
8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per care.

Township 14 S., R. 102 W. This is a mountainous township with con-
siderable high mesa land ; the ridges between the gulches are rough and rocky,
the canyons are from 400 to 800 feet deep. The soil is a black loam and gen-
erally of high quality. The timber is principally aspen. The mesas are cov-
ered with a dense growth of oak brush. Located fifteen miles from a railroad.
Elevation, 8,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50
to $5 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 102 W. The southern portion of the township is in-
cluded in the Uncompaghre national forest; the northern part is generally
rough and mountainous. There are good farming lands along Unaweep
canyon. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located twenty miles from a rail-
road. Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 9 S., R. 103 W. This township lies principally in the Grand
River valley; the southwestern portion and the northwestern portion are
hilly, the rest is comparatively level. Coal is found throughout this district.
A railroad crosses this section. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10
to 15 inchet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.



MESA COUNTY 199



Township 10 S., R. 103 W. This township is very rocky, cut up by deep
canyons, ravines and numerous sandstone ridges. Along the Grand river
there are some very fertile bottom lands. There is almost no timber in this
township. A railroad crosses the northeastern corner. Elevation, 4,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, less than 10 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 11 S., R. 103 W. This is a mountainous township on top of the
bluffs just south of the Grand river and is covered with a dense growth of
pinon and cedar timber. The soil is generally sandy and rocky and of poor
quality. The grass is fair. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.
Located three miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 103 W. This township is mountainous, very rough
and broken in the southern part; the northern portion is covered with cedar
and pinon timber of inferior quality. Sage brush covers the entire township.
The soil varies from sandy adobe to clay. Considerable sandstone outcropings
are to be found here. This section is watered by the Little Dolores river.
This is a good grazing district. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation,
6,500 feet. Located ten miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 103 W. The surface in this township is very moun-
tainous, rough and broken; the ridges between the gulches and streams are
high and rocky. Little Dolores river, a stream carrying running water, runs
through this township; there are also several gulches and canyons in which
water is to be found. There is considerable pinon and cedar timber in the
northern portion. An abundant growth of bunch and blue grass affords ex-
cellent grazing. There are no indications of minerals in this district. Eleva
tion, 6,500 to 8,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located fifteen
miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 103 W. This is a very mountainous, rough, broken
township on the divide between the Dolores and Grand rivers. There is some
high mesa land. The soil is mostly a black loam of first quality. There is
an abundant growth of bunch and blue grass, affording good grazing. There
is considerable aspen timber also, some pine, spruce, balsam and pinon. This
township is fairly well watered by running streams and numerous springs.
Located twenty miles from a railroad. Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000 feet. An-
nual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 103 W. This is a mountainous township at the north-
ern edge of the Uncompaghre plateau. The soil varies from a sandy loam of
medium quality to a black loam of the best quality. An abundant growth of
bunch and blue grass affords excellent grazing. West creek contains running
water. So do the many gulches and canyons. Considerable timber, prin-
cipally pinon is to be found throughout this district. The surface is generally
covered with oak brush. Located twenty-five miles from a railroad. Eleva-
tion, 6,500 to 7,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5
per acre.

Township 9 S., R. 104 W. This township lies principally in the sage brush
plains and is rolling in character, covered with sage brush and greasewood, but
with very little grass. The ravines are generally cut deep into the soil. The
soil is of medium quality. This district contains a sparse growth of timber,
and is located in the Grand River valley. Elevation, 5,000 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 10 to 15 inches. A railroad crosses this township. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 10 S., R. 104 W. This township is located in the Grand Hirer
valley and is crossed by the Grand river and railroad. South of the rirer it



200 MESA COUNTY



is mountainous and cut up with rough and rocky canyons; the central portion
is rough and bluffy along the river and contains considerable poor timber, the
northern portion lies on the plains. Here the soil is fair. The township is
destitute of water, but grows a good quality of blue grass. Elevation, 4,500
feet. Annual rainfall, under 10 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 11 S., R. 104 W. The surface is generally rough and mountain-
ous, lying principally on the high bluffs south of the Grand river. The soil
is a sandy loam of poor quality; the grass is very good, but in the north-
western portion it is scarce. The Grand river and railroad crosses the north-
western corner, through a small rocky canyon. There is considerable scat-
tered timber. Elevation, 4,500 to 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, less than 10
inches. Value, $4 to $8 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 104 W. The surface is rough and broken and cut by
many deep canyons. Little Dolores river crosses this township. There is con-
siderable timber scattered over the surface. The grazing is good and there is
an abundance of water for stock raising. Located five miles from a railroad.
Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5
per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 104 W. The surface is generally mountainous and
broken. There are some high mesas in the northern portion. The soil is
sandy and rocky, being of second quality. This is a good grazing section,
being covered with a natural growth of blue and bunch grass. Water is
found in many of the gulches the year round. There is considerable timber
and oak brush scattered quite generally over the township. Elevation,
6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located twelve miles from a
railroad.

Township 14 S., R. 104 W. This is a very mountainous district. The soil
is sandy and unfit for cultivation. There is considerable flowing water in
Granite creek. There is an abundant growth of bunch and blue grass cover-
ing the township, making this an excellent grazing section. Considerable
pinon and cedar timber. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Located eighteen miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 104 W. This is a mountainous and very rough town-
ship. The soil is rocky and generally unfit for cultivation. There is an
abundant growth of blue and bunch grass. This district is well suited for
grazing purposes. It is crossed by the Dolores river, which is quite a large
stream of clear running water. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to
15 inches. Located twenty-five miles from a railroad. Value, $3.50 to $6
per acre.

Township 1 N., R. 1 E. Ute P. M. The northeastern corner consists of
rough land on the edge of the Book cliffs, the rest of the township lies in the
Grand River valley and is gently rolling land with a first-class soil. Elevation,
4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located three miles from Grand
Junction, the county seat and railroad junction.

Township 1 S., R. 1 E. Ute P. M. This township is located in the Grand
River valley and is principally level land, with first-class soil under a high
state of cultivation. This district is crossed by a railroad and the Grand
river. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches.

Township 1 S., R. 2 E. Ute P. M. This township is situated in the Grand
Valley, and is crossed by the Grand river and railroad. Most of this district
is composed of fine level land under a high state of cultivation; along the east-



MESA COUNTY 201



ern edge there is some rough, broken land. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual
rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $8 to $12 per acre.

Township 2 S., R. 2 E. Ute P. M. This township lies just east of the
Gunnison river, at the foot of the Grand Mesa. The western portion is situated
in the Grand river valley; the eastern portion is rough and broken. Elevation,
4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Located one
mile from a railroad.

Township 1 N., R. 1 E. Ute P. M. The western portion of this township
consists of fine level agricultural land in the Grand river valley; in the north-
eastern corner it is very rough at the foot of the Book Cliffs, and is crossed
by a railroad. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value,
$5 to $10 per acre.

Township 1 N., R. 2 W. Ute P. M. This township is located in the Grand
river valley, and is crossed by the Grand river and a railroad. The south-
western portion consists of mesa land on top of the bluffs; the land in the
northern section is fine, level valley land, which is mostly under a high state
of cultivation and very valuable. This township is crossed by a railroad.
Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 1 N., R. 3 W. Ute P. M. The Grand river crosses the northern
portion of this township. On the north side of the river there are fine agri-
cultural lands; south of the river, the land is rough and hilly and situated on
top of bluffs. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. This township
is crossed by a railroad. Annual rainfall, 10 inches.

Township 2 N., R. 2 W. Ute P. M. This township is located in the Grand
river valley; the northeastern corner lies on the edge of the Book Cliffs and
is rough. Along the western edge, there is some rough land, and along Salt
Wash the surface is exceedingly hilly. The general character of the township is
first-class agricultural land. This section is in the arid district and will
require irrigation. Located two miles from a railroad. Elevation, 4,500 feet.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 inches.

Township 2 N., R. 3 W. Ute P. M. This is an agricultural township,
situated in the Grand river valley, and is crossed by a railroad. Elevation,
4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. The surface of this township is
rather rough. The soil is good. This is within the arid district and requires
irrigation. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 1 S., R. 1 W. Ute P. M. This township is crossed diagonally
by the Grand river, is the junction of the Grand and Gunnison rivers, and is
the location of Grand Junction. North of the river there are fine, level agri-
cultural lands; south of the river are bench lands. Elevation, 4,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, less than 10 inches.

Township 50 N., R. 14 W. The surface of this township is rough; uplands
covered with cedar, pinon and scrub oak. There are some good farming lands
in the valley of the Rio Escalante, and there is plenty of water to irrigate all
the land that can be brought under a ditch. The balance of the township is



suitable only for grazing purposes. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 6,500
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Located twelve miles from a railroad.

Township 51 N., R. 14 W. The surface of this township is broken uplands,
covered with a heavy growth of pinon and cedar timber. There is a dense
vegetation of scrub oak and sage brush. The northern portion is only suitable
for stock raising. There is some farming land along the Rio Escalante. This



202 MESA COUNTY



township is badly cut by gulches and canons. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual
rainfall, 15 inches. Located ten miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 49 N., R. 17 W. The surface of this township is very rough and
mountainous, and is gashed by several deep canons. Owing to the scarcity of
water, there are no lands suitable for cultivation. Elevation, 6,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located thirty miles from a railroad. Value,
$3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 50 N., R. 17 W. The surface is very rough and mountainous.
This township is located on the edge of Uncompahgre Plateau, and much of
the surface lies at an angle of over 30 degrees; considerable of it is barren
sandstone ridges. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Value, $3.50 per acre. Located thirty miles from a railroad.

Township 49 N., R. 18 W. This township is cut by deep vertical canons,
which are so numerous that very little surface is accessible. The Dolores river
crosses this township diagonally. Grazing is fair in this section. Elevation,
5,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located thirty-five miles from a
railroad. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 51 N., R. 18 W. Half of this township is inaccessible on account
of the deep canons. There is no running water, excepting that in the Dolores



Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 23 of 39)