George S. (George Samuel) Clason.

Free homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers online

. (page 34 of 39)
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along the northern boundary of the township. There is some mesa land in
this district that is very rich. The rest is hilly and very rocky. There are
patches of pinon well scattered along the hills. Crossed by a railroad. Water
for irrigation can be impounded from the small streams which run through
this township. Value, $5 per acre. Elevation, 8,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual
rainfall, 10 inches.

Township 40 N., R. 6 E. The southern and eastern portion of this town-
ship consists of fine agricultural lands in the valley of the Rio Grande Del
Norte river. The northwestern corner is cut up by short mountain ranges,
forming grazing lands of fair quality. The vacant lands are mostly rich
mesas, which only require irrigation to produce abundantly. Del Norte is
located in the southwestern corner of this township. A good market and
railroad town. This township is crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 8,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Value, $5 per acre.

Township 37 N., R. 7 E. Except in the extreme eastern part of this town-
ship the surface is generally rough and broken. It is lightly timbered with
spruce, aspen and cedar timber, containing a little grass. There is a con-
siderable quantity of level rich soil susceptible of irrigation. However, some
parts are open and gravelly, with second rate soil; others fair grazing land.
Value, $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Elevation, 8,000 to 9,000 feet.
Distance from railroad, seven miles.

Township 38 N., R. 7 E. The western half of this township is hilly and
mountainous and of no value for cultivation; the eastern half is good farm-
ing land and quite valuable. There is a considerable quantity of rich, fairly
level soil, which will produce heavily under irrigation. Value of vacant lands,
$5 per acre. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches. Distance from
railroad, one mile.

Township 39 N., R. 7 E. This township consists principally of valley land,
crossed by the railroad and Rio Grande Del Norte river. The vacant lands
are in the hills on the western edge and are principally grazing lands; how-
ever, there is some vacant lands on rich mesas which are fairly level. Value,
$5 per acre. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches.



ROUTT COUNTY

GLENWOOD LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 325,694 Acres.

Routt county is located in the northwestern portion of Colorado, adjoining
the Wyoming state line. This county has within the last few years been
reached by a railroad. Up to that time it was so remote from transportation
facilities that it was only occupied by stockmen.

This district is well watered and well timbered, with a considerable area
of available farm land. It is also an important coal mining seciton, having
very large deposits of bituminous and some anthracite coal. There are some
mineral indications in the mountains on the Great Continental Divide, forming
the eastern boundary of the county.

The total population of Routt county is only about 6,000, of which 1,500
live in Steamboat Springs, the county seat. This is a new country, just being
developed, and certain to become important later.

The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as follows :

Wheat and other grains $300,000.00

Hay 500,000.00

Potatoes and other vegetables 75,000.00

Township 1 S., R. 83 W. This township is well watered by Rock and
Egeria creeks and their tributaries. There is considerable good grazing land
and some good bottom lands along the streams. Timber is quite plentiful
throughout. This district is crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000
feet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 1 N., R. 84 W. This township is mountainous in the southern
and eastern parts, and rolling and broken in the northern and western por-
tions. There are some bottom lands along Toponas and Egeria creeks. The
soil is sandy and second rate. This is a good grazing district. Along the
southern boundary, the surface is rocky and covered with pine, spruce and
aspen timber. This is a well watered district. A railroad crosses the town-
ship. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 2 N., R. 84 W. This township is all included in the Routt
national forest, with the exception of a small area in the southwestern corner,
where the railroad crosses it. The soil is a sandy loam of fair quality. This
district is well watered by several good streams. The timber is scattering and
not very good, consisting of pine, spruce, fir, aspen and cedars. Elevation,
8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 4 N., R. 84 W. This township contains some very good bottom
lands along the Bear river, but most of the surface is rough and mountainous.
The eastern portion is included in the Routt national forest, and is very pre-
cipitious and covered with timber. There is fair grazing in the hills. Value,
$5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches.

Township 5 N., R. 84 W. There are good farming lands along the bottom
of the Bear river. The western portion is generally dry, rolling, sage brush
land. The eastern portion is mountainous and included in the national forest.



ROUTT COUNTY 281



Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25
inches. This district is crossed by a railroad.

Township 6 N., R. 84 W. Steamboat Springs, the county seat, is located
in this township, which is crossed by the Bear river and railroad. The eastern
portion is mountainous and covered with timber. There are fine bottom lands
along the Bear river and Walton creek. The uplands west of the Bear river
also contain good farming land. There are many springs in this township, both
hot and cold, some of them being mineralized. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Value,
$5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25 inches.

Township 7 N., R. 84 W. In general this is a high, mountainous township.
It is well covered with timber. There is some good grass along Soda creek, in
the southwestern corner, the only section not included in the national forest.
Elevation, 7,500 feet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25
inches. Three miles from a railroad.

Township 1 S., R. 84 W. This is rather a steep, hilly township, just north
of the Grand river. It is well watered by many small streams, none of which
have bottom lands of sufficient width for farming. A railroad crosses a corner
of this township. Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Value, $3.50 to $10 per acre.

Township 1 N., R. 85 W. The south and western portions are mountain-
ous, the elevation there being 9,000 feet and above. This portion is covered
with a good growth of timber. In other portions along Egeria creek there are
bottom lands of fair quality. In what is known as Egeria park is a good
grazing district. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Located one mile from a railroad. Value, $4 to $10 per acre.

Township 2 N., R. 85 W. While this township contains some first-class
lands, it is mostly hilly and mountainous. The soil along Bear river is fertile
and very productive when irrigated. The hilly portion is well covered with an
excellent growth of short grass. The eastern and southwestern portions are
quite mountainous and well watered, being a naturally good grazing district.
A railroad crosses this section. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15
inches. Value, $4 to $10 per acre.

Township 3 N., R. 85 W. Where the land is level enough to permit its
being farmed, excellent crops are raised, as the soil is deep and fertile. The
township is generally broken by hills and mesas. East of the river, there is
some good timber, and west of the river the timber is stunted. There is plenty
of water for irrigation. The township is crossed by a railroad. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.

Township 4 N., R. 85 W. This is a mountainous township, naturally
covered with timber and brush. There is a very narrow valley along which
Bear river and a railroad runs. The township is well watered by numerous
streams. It is a fair grazing district. Coal mines are located here. Elevation,
8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 5 N., R. 85 W. This township is composed principally of hilly
land, covered with good grass and well watered. There is considerable bottom
land of good quality. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 20
inches. A railroad crosses this district. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 6 N., R. 85 W. This township is underlaid with coal deposits.
Bear river and a railroad crosses the northern portion. The soil is a clay loam,
on a rocky subsoil. There is no timber, but an undergrowth of oak, sage and
service brush. This land is suitable for farming, both with and without irri-



282 ROUTT COUNTY



gation. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 20 inches. Value, $6 to
llO per acre.

Township 7 N., R. 85 W. This township is located just north of the Bear
river, and is crossed by the Big Elk river, the bottoms of which are fine, wide,
level agricultural lands. Some of the bench lands adjoining the river are suit-
able for irrigation. A small portion of the area is mountainous, containing
little timber. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 20 to 25 inches. Located one mile from a railroad.

Township 8 N., R. 85 W. This township is generally hilly. It is abund-
antly watered by two large streams and numerous tributaries. This district
is well timbered, and contains considerable agricultural and pasture lands.
Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25 inches. Located seven
miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 9 N., R. 85 W. All of this township is considered as fine pasture
land, and a considerable portion of it is good bottom land, lying along the
streams. This is a well watered township. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Annual
rainfall, 20 to 25 inches. Most of this township is included in the Routt
national forest. Located twelve miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 1 S., R. 85 W. This township raises gradually from the Grand
river on the south to an elevation of 9,000 feet in the northern portion. There
is good soil along Sunshine creek. The greater portion of the township consists
of good grazing lands. The northern portion is heavily timbered. This section
is well watered by small creeks and brooks. Located five miles from a rail-
road. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 3 N., R. 86 W. A mountainous township. There are massive
coal bearing strata of sandstone throughout, which are exposed by erosion
along the deeper canons. This district is well watered by numerous creeks.
The soil of the valleys and first benches is generally alluvial and quite exten-
sively cultivated. With irrigation, good crops of hay and garden truck can be
raised. There is a considerable growth of pine and spruce timber of commercial
size in the extreme southwestern portion, which is included in the White River
national forest. A dense growth of aspen, small pine, spruce, oak, service
brush and cherry is quite general in other portions. The grass is excellent.
Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located three
miles from a railroad.

Township 4 N., R. 86 W. This is mostly a hilly and mountainous town-
ship. The southern portion consists of high, sharp, broken divides between
Little Trout creek and its tributaries. There is some coal bearing sandstone
exposed. There is a narrow valley along Middle creek, and a fairly large
valley along Trout creek, which is irrigated and cultivated, but as a rule the
water courses are very narrow and the valleys of no agricultural value. There
is a considerable growth of young pine and spruce in the southern portion, but
no timber of commercial value. A dense covering of oak, service brush, cherry
and aspen is general throughout, and a heavy growth of brakes, ferns and
common weeds are general in protected spots. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located one mile from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 5 N., R. 86 W. Twenty Mile Park occupies the central part of
this township, being surrounded with rough hills and mesas on the south and
eastern sides. The rougher portions are covered with a dense growth of oak,
sage and service brush, with here and there groves of young aspens. The






ROUTT COUNTY 288



rolling mesas and gentle slopes have a dense growth of sage brush. This is a
good grazing section. The soil is mostly a dark clay loam, and offers excellent
opportunities for dry farming. There are good meadows along the streams.
This township is generally underlaid with coal deposits. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located one mile from a railroad. Value, $5
to $10 per acre.

Township 6 N., R. 86 W. The surface consists of rolling mesas and valleys
along Bear river. On the mesas the soil is a clay loam, four to ten inches deep,
while in the river valley it is a sandy clay loam, eighteen to twenty-four
inches deep. There is no timber in this district but an undergrowth of sage
brush and grass. The surface is generally suited to grazing and farming.
Practically the entire township is underlaid with coal deposits. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre. This district is crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 15 inches.

Township 7 N., R. 86 W. There is scarcely any agricultural land in this
township, but there is a little stock grazing land. The western portion is
almost entirely covered with fine spruce and pine timber. There is a petroleum
spring in this township. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Located three miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 8 N., R. 86 W. The southern portion lies along Deep creek, and
contains some good agricultural land. The other portions are grazing lands.
This township is generally well watered and has a good growth of timber.
Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located ten
miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 9 N., R. 86 W. This township is extremely mountainous in
character, and not useful except as grazing land. Some good timber is
scattered through the southwestern portion. This district is nearly all included
in the Routt national forest. Located fifteen miles from a railroad. Elevation,
8,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 12 N., R. 86 W. There is considerable good grazing land, and
much good agricultural land in this township, which lies on the extreme north-
ern boundary of the State, at the headwaters of the Little Snake river. Over
a large part there is a magnificent growth of fine timber. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Located thirty-five
miles from a railroad.

Township 4 N., R. 87 W. This township embraces a portion of the Wil-
liams Park. The eastern portion is cut by deep gulches, which carry a little
water. This township is well adapted to grazing. There is not much timber
in the township, and what there is is small and grows on the ridges. The
western portion is well settled. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Located ten miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 5 N., R. 87 W. In general this township is rough, hilly and
mountainous, but opens out into a rolling mesa in sections 4, 5 and 6, and into
gently rolling park lands in the southeastern quarter. The hilly portion is
covered with brush and some groves of pine and aspen timber. The low, roll-
ing portion, has a growth of short sage brush. There is good grass in the
valleys and on most of the hill sides. Natural meadow lands are to be found
along some of the creeks. Many of the hill sides in the rougher portion are
composed of rich clay loam, and the soil is suitable for farming. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre. Located four miles from a railroad. Elevation, 6,500 to 7,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.

Township 6 N., R. 87 W. This township is crossed by the Bear river and
a railroad. It is composed of bottom lands, in which the soil is a sandy loam,



284 ROTJTT COUNTY



averaging about twenty- four inches deep, and hilly lands and mesas, with a
stiff clay loam. There is considerable farming, both dry and by irrigation,
being carried on in the western portion. A fair crop of small grains, such as
wheat, oats and rye, are produced in this district. Practically the entire town-
ship is underlaid with coal deposits. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall,
15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 7 N., R. 87 W. Bear river valley, in the southwestern corner, is
prairie land. The eastern half is mountainous, containing a large body of good
timber. The western portion is high and rolling, or hilly, and is covered with
sage and oak brush. There is good grass in the hills. This township lies in
the coal belt. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Two miles from a railroad.

Township 8 N., R. 87 W. This township is well watered in all parts by
numerous small streams, and, although it would be termed mountainous, yet
it contains a large amount of pasture land and some fine farm land, as well
as a good supply of first-class timber. Located in the coal belt. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Located six miles from a
railroad. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet.

Township 11 W., R. 87 W. This is a very attractive township. Some por-
tions are quite mountainous, but the balance is rolling, hilly land, with a fine
valley along the South Fork of the Little Snake river and Slaters Fork. Ele-
vation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.
Located twenty-five miles from a railroad.

Township 12 N., R. 87 W. Along the valley of Little Snake river there is
very good grazing and farming lands. A considerable portion of it is already
under cultivation. This is generally a well watered district. Outside of the
level valley, the hills contain good grass. There is also plenty of timber.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20
inches. Located thirty miles from a railroad.

Township 3 N., R. 88 W. Williams Fork river, which crosses this town-
ship in a diagonal direction, is the only stream of considerable size. This is a
cold, clear mountain stream, abounding with trout and other fish. There is a
sonsiderable amount of heavy pine timber on the mountains. The surface is
generally broken, and those portions not covered by heavy pine forests have
dense growths of oak brush and wild cherry. The soil along the streams and
on the mesas is well adapted to agriculture. Although this township is high
in altitude, oats, wheat and all kinds of vegetables do well and mature in good
season. Elevation, 7,500 to 9,000 feet. Located fifteen miles from a railroad.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 4 N., R. 88 W. There are good bottom lands and hay meadows
along Williams Fork and along some of the creeks. Some parts are very rocky
and precipitious, especially in the northern portion. A growth of oak brush is
quite general, and there is some timber in the township. This district is well
watered and covered with a good growth of grass. Located ten miles from a
railroad. Elevation, 7,000 to 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 5 N., R. 88 W. This is a hilly and mountainous township on the
divide between the Williams Fork and Bear river, opening out into gently roll-
ing mesas in sections 5, 6, 7, 8 and 18. Many of the hillsides in the mountain-
pus portion are composed of rich clay loam soil, suited to dry farming. There
is considerable brush and some timber. There is a good growth of grass in the
valleys and on most of the hillsides. The creeks may be utilized for irrigation



ROUTT COUNTY 285



purposes during the rainy season, and by storing water in flood periods. Prac-
tically the entire township is underlaid with good coal deposits. Elevation,
7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Located
five miles from a railroad.

Township 6 N., R. 88 W. Hayden mesa occupies most of this township.
It is mountainous in the southeastern corner, and covered with a dense under-
growth of brush. The uncultivated portions of the mesa and valley lands are
covered with a dense brush also.. Grass throughout the township is of a good
quality. The soil is principally a clay loam, ranging from four to twelve
inches, on a clay subsoil. Along the Bear river the soil is sandy loam in
character. Practically the entire township is underlaid with coal. This dis-
trict is crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20
inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 7 N., R. 88 W. In general this township is hilly, but easily
accessible. This is a fine grazing country. There are some agricultural lands
throughout the district. The Bear river and railroad cross along the southern
boundary. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Value, $5
to $10 per acre.

Township 8 N., R. 88 W. Although hilly, this township is well watered
and contains a profuse growth of vegetation. The bottom lands along Elk
creek are broad and fertile. Considerable hay and produce raised in the valleys.
This township is in the coal belt. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15
to 20 inches. Located six miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 9 N., R. 88 W. This township is mostly mountainous, and all
included in the Routt national forest, except a small strip on the southeastern
portion, lying along the Elk Head creek and consisting of an excellent valley.
Numerous farms and ranches are located in this valley. Value, $5 to $10 per
acre. Located fifteen miles from a railroad. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 11 N., R. 88 W. The southern portion of this township is very
mountainous in character, though well watered and timbered, with a good
natural growth of grass. Along Slater creek, which is a stream of good size,
lies some nice valley land. Located twenty-five miles from a railroad. Eleva-
tion, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 12 N., R. 88 W. The northern portion, along Little Snake river,
is a very fertile and well watered valley, with excellent soil. While the south-
ern portion is hilly, it is excellent grazing land, being well watered. This por-
tion contains some timber. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Located thirty miles
from a railroad. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 3 N., R. 89 W. The surface is generally mountainous, with
several ridges of sandstone rock crossing the western part. There is very little
land suitable for agriculture. This is a good grazing district. Elevation, 8,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $4 to $8 per acre. Located
fifteen miles from a railroad.

Township 4 N., R. 89 W. This township is crossed by Williams Fork river.
There is good meadow and pasture land to be found along all the creeks, as
well as along the river bottoms. On the surrounding hills, oak, sage and ser-
vice brush is the prevailing vegetation, with a good stand of grass everywhere.
This township is well watered. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Located ten miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 5 N., R. 89 W. This township is located on the low divide,
between Williams Fork and Bear rivers, and is covered with oak and aspen



286 ROUTT COUNTY



brush, with frequent openings in which grass is found. . The surface is gen-
erally hilly and rolling, and is not very desirable. This township is underlaid
with coal. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Located five miles from a railroad.
Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet.

Township 6 N., R. 89 W. The Bear river and a railroad cross the northern
portion. There are good valley lands along the river, and rolling, sagebrush
land on the south, dry and broken in character, and best suited for pasturage
purposes. There are some coal deposits. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual
rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.

Township 7 N., R. 89 W. Along Elk creek there is rich, sandy loam soil,
and some adobe which is generally moist, but requires irrigation. The depth



Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 34 of 39)