George S. (George Samuel) Clason.

Free homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers online

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Township 2 N., R. 70 W. The northwest % of Section 6 is located on
top of Red hill, a limestone butte. It is second-class grazing land. Value,
$3.50 per acre.

Township 3 N., R. 70 W. There are between 2,000 to 3,000 acres vacant
in this township. It is located on top of rough and rocky hills and it is of
no value except as second-rate grazing land. Value, $3.50 per acre.

Township 1 S., R. 71 W. The surface is broken and mountainous.
There are scattered patches of pine and spruce timber. There is some good
grazing land. This township is crossed on the south by the railroad. Value,
$3.50 to $6 per acre. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000 feet.

Township 1 N., R. 71 W. The surface is broken and precipitious. There
is some pine timber. This is an old established mining district, and there
are no available homestead lands in this township. Elevation, 6,000 to 8,000
feet. There are vacant mineral lands.

Township 2 N., R. 71 W. This township is mountainous. The surface
is very broken and percipitious. It is an old established mining district.
While there is lots of vacant land, it is worthless for agricultural purposes
and could not be taken up for stock raising, as it is mineral land and sub-
ject only to mineral entry.

Township 3 N., R. 71 W. The vacant lands in this township are rough,
rocky and mountainous. These lands would not interest anyone seeking
a place to file on a homestead.



BOULDER COUNTY 67



Township 1 S., R. 72 W. The surface is mountainous with occasional
meadow and grazing lands. There is a scattered growth of timber. More
or less mining. There is only a little vacant land left in this township and
that is both rocky and worthless, except for grazing. Value, $3.50 to $5 per
acre. The railroad crosses the southern part of the township. It is well
watered.

Township 1 N., R. 72 W. While there is considerable vacant land in this
township, the high elevation, rough, rocky character of the surface, makes
it worthless for agriculture. This is an old established mining district and
homestead entries could not be made here.

Township 2 N., R. 72 W. The surface is mountainous throughout.
There is quite a growth of pine timber in spots. There are a number of
small natural lakes. Some meadows and open mesa land that can be cul-
tivated. Elevation too high for successful farming. Very doubtful if any
open land worth taking can be found in this township. For grazing pur-
poses the land is worth about $4 per acre. Located one mile from the rail-
road. Elevation, 8,500 feet.

Township 3 N., R. 72 W. The surface is rough and broken. There are
very narrow valleys along the streams. There are some open parks. There
is some very good agricultural land in this township and excellent graz-
ing over most of it. It is doubtful if any open land exists worth taking.
There is small scattered timber and plenty of water. Elevation is very
high. Summer season is very short. Located eight miles from the rail-
road. Value, $3.50 to $6 per acre. Elevation, 8,000 feet.

Township 1 N., R. 73 W. Sections 1 and 12 of this township, the
only portions not included in the Colorado national forest, are on high
rocky hills just west of the town of Ward. It is mineral land only, and
worthless for agriculture or grazing purposes.

Township 2 N., R. 73 W. This township is all included in the Colorado
national forest. It is rough and mountainous. Settlers have applied for
homestead entries in this territory and failed to prove up on them, they
have therefore reverted to the government and can be entered in the usual
way, instead of through a special provision of the homestead act. Owing
to the high altitude, this, land, including some little meadows, would be
worthless, except for stock raising.

Township 3 N., R. 73 W. This township is very rough and mountain-
ous. All except the extreme eastern portion is included in the Colorado
national forest. This township is well watered with streams and lakes.
There is quite a growth of timber. Suitable only for grazing. Value, $5
to $12 per acre. Located twenty miles from the railroad. It is located
just south of the famous Long's peak. The extreme elevation makes the
season short and the land of little value excepting for stock raising. Eleva-
tion, 8,000 to 10,000 feet.



CHAFFEE COUNTY

LEADVILLE LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 90,396 Acres.

Chaffee county is located in the central part of the State. It is walled in
on all sides by high mountain ranges; the center of the county being the upper
valley of the Arkansas river. The mountainous portions are included in the
National Forests and are heavily timbered. There is considerable metal mining
carried on in small mining camps in these mountains.

The county seat is Buena Vista, a very attractive city of 1,000 people.
Salida, with a population of 4,500, is the largest town in the county. It is the
location of large railroad shops, smelters and other industries.

The principal resources of Chaffee county are mining and stock raising.
The agricultural production per year being about as follows:

Cereals and grains $100,000.00

Hay 125,000.00

Vegetables and other crops 50,000.00

The population of Chaffee county is 8,000.

Township 15 S., R. 77 W. A rough and mountainous township, broken
with sandstone ridges. There is good grass; also sufficient water in ordinary
seasons. Some fine timber. Suitable only for grazing. Value, $5 per acre.
Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. This township is nearly
all included in the Leadville National Forest.

Township 13 S., R. 78 W. A very rough and mountainous township, all
included in the Leadville National Forest except a little strip in the extreme
southeastern corner along the Arkansas river. There are no vacant lands of
any value in this township.

Township 14 S., R. 78 W. Buena Vista, the county seat, is located in this
township. There are some fair agricultural lands along the creeks and river
bottoms, and good grazing everywhere. Some timber. The northeast and
eastern portions are hilly and rough, with indications of mineral. This town-
ship is crossed by two railroads. Value, $5 to $12 per acre. Elevation, 8,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 15 S., R. 78 W. This township contains considerable excellent
farming land along the valley of the Arkansas and in other portions. Much of
the surface consists of elevated plateaus, covered with timber; some portions
affording excellent grazing. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Crossed by a railroad.
Elevation, 7,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 12 S., R. 79 W. This township is very rough and mountainous.
There is a narrow valley along the river with good bottom lands. The rest of
the township is included in the Leadville National Forest. Elevation, 8,500
feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, 3.50 to $5 per acre. Crossed by
two railroads.

Township 13 S., R. 79 W. The western portion of this township is included
in the Leadville National Forest and is mountainous. In the eastern edge lies
a narrow valley along the Arkansas river. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. This township is crossed by
railroad.



CHAFFEE COUNTY 69



Township 14 S., R. 79 W. The western portion of this township is covered
by the Leadville National Forest, and is rough and mountainous. The eastern
portion lies partially in the narrow valley along the Arkansas river and par-
tially in the foothills. The elevation is 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 inches.
Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Located two miles from railroad.

Township 15 S., R. 79 W. All of this township except the extreme north-
eastern portion is rough and mountainous land included in the Leadville
National Forest. The portion outside of the forest is rough, broken foothills,
covered with sagebrush. Grazing land only. Located five miles from a rail-
road. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 49 N., R. 7 E. A rough, mountainous township, all included in
the Cochetopa National Forest with the exception of the eastern and northern
portions, consisting of rough foothills. Valuable only for grazing purposes.
Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,000
feet. This township is close to a spur railroad.

Township 50 N., R 7 E. All except the southeastern portion of this town-
ship is included in the Cochetopa National Forest. Lying in the rough foot-
hills. This is a barren section and not fit even for grazing. Value, $3.50 to $5
per acre. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. This town-
ship is crossed by a railroad.

Township 49 N., R. 8 E. The southern part of this township is rough and
mountainous, suitable only for grazing. It is included in the San Isabel
National Forest. In the northern portion along the Arkansas river are some
fine bottom lands. The remainder of the township is medium quality of graz-
ing land. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Crossed by railroad. Elevation, 7,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.

Township 50 N., R. 8 E. There is very little good land in this township,
except along the Arkansas river bottom. A little cedar and piiion timber is
in evidence on the rough and hilly land, outside of the river bottoms. The
bottom land is all taken. Value, $3 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to
15 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. This township is crossed by a railroad.

Township 51 N., R. 8 E. The portion of this township east of the
Arkansas river is partially broken by ridges and ravines; the rest is also
broken, but covered with good grass, affording splendid pasturage both winter
and summer. A large part of the township can be irrigated from the Arkansas
river. There is some fine agricultural land along Brown creek, which furnishes
plenty of water for irrigation. There are some mines in this township. Value,
$4 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Crossed by railroad.

Township 49 N., R. 9 E A very rough section of hills and mountains
covered with pinion and pine. There is a little good farming land in the north-
western part along Bear creek. There are indications of copper in this town-
ship. Crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches.
Value, $4 to $10 per acre.

Township 50 N., R. 9 E. In this township is located Salida. Most of the
township is rough and hilly. In the northeastern portion is a first-rate agri-
cultural district, being smooth prairie land sloping to the river, which fur-
nishes unlimited water supply. Value, $5 to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10
to 15 inches. Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000 feet.

Township 51 N., R. 9 E. This is a rough and mountainous district with
good grass. There is some timber in portions. Located four miles from a
railroad. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. This is not an
agricultural township, but affords fair grazing. Value, $4 to $8 per acre.



CHEYENNE COUNTY

HUGO LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 65,060 Acres.
LAMAR LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 30,135 Acres.

Cheyenne county is located in the extreme eastern portion of Colorado,
adjoining the Kansas state line. It is located entirely on the prairie, and is
crossed centrally by railroad.

There is very little farming by irrigation in this county, but considerable
is done without irrigation. It is in a district that has been very rapdly settled
up recently. This is due to the fact that lands formerly used for grazing are
being developed into agricultural lands, and are raising crops every year with-
out irrigation.

Cheyenne Wells is the county seat, with a population of 350. This
county is about 30x60 miles in area, with a total population of only 5,000.

The products of Cheyenne county farms have been rapidly increasing of
late years; the last official figures for 1910 were as follows:

Grain $100,000.00

Hay 75,000.00

Vegetables and other crops 25,000.00

HUGO LAND DISTRICT

Township 12 S., R. 43 W. This township is rolling prairie land, traversed
by Big Timber creek and its tributaries, which drain southeast. The soil is a
light clay loam, quite productive with sufficient moisture. There is a growth
of native grass. This is a good grazing section. Water is obtained in wells at
a depth of 150 to 200 feet and is of good quality. Value, $5 to $8 per acre.
Distance from railroad, seven miles. Elevation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall,
15 to 20 inches.

Township 13 S., R. 43 W. The surface of this township is level, gently
rolling prairie. The soil is a light clay loam and quite productive of forage
crops, suitable for semi-arid regions. Grazing is good. Water can be found at
a depth of from 150 to 200 feet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Elevation, 4,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Distance from railroad, two miles.

Township 15 S., R. 43 W. The surface of this township is level, prairie
land, traversed by small dry creeks in the northern and southern portions.
The soil is a light clay loam, producing forage crops suitable to the semi-arid
regions. There is a good growth of grass. Water can be obtained at a depth
of 150 feet, and is of good quality. Located four miles from a railroad. Ele-
vation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 44 W. The surface of this township is level, in some
parts rolling prairie. The soil is a light clay loam, covered with a good growth
of natural buffalo grass. Under cultivation this soil will produce forage crops.
Water of good quality is found at a depth of 150 to 200 feet. Located eight
miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall 15 to 20
inches. Elevation, 4,200 feet.

Township 13 S., R. 44 W. The surface of this township is level, gently
rolling prairie land. The soil is a light loam along the creek. Water of good
quality is found at a depth of 100 to 200 feet. When cultivated, the soil will



CHEYENNE COUNTY 71



produce forage crops. Elevation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Value,
$5 to $8 per acre. Located two miles from a railroad.

Township 15 S., R. 44 W. This township is a rolling prairie, with drainage
in a general eastern direction. The soil is a light clay loam, when cultivated
produces good forage crops. There is a good growth of natural grass, making
this township suitable for grazing purposes. Water can be found at a depth
of 100 feet. No running water in the township. Value, $5 to $10 per acre,
located two miles south of Cheyenne Wells, the county seat. Elevation, 4,200
feet. Annual rainfall 10 to 15 inches. Distance from railroad two miles.

Township 12 S., R. 45 W. This township is a high, level, gently rolling
prairie. Most of the land is used for grazing purposes. Crops usually do well
here. Good water can be had at a depth of 150 to 200 feet. Located ten miles
from railroad. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Eleva-
tion, 4,000 feet.

Township 13 S., R. 45 W. The surface of this township is gently rolling,
level prairie land. The soil is a light clay loam with a good stand of natural
grass. This land is suitable for cultivation. There is a good quality of water
found at a depth of 125 to 200 feet. Land sells in this township at from $5 to
$20 per acre. Elevation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 14 S., R. 45 W. This township is gently rolling prairie land.
The soil is a light clay loam. Water can be found at a depth of from 150 to
200 feet. There is no surface water. Good hard soil, well adapted to dry
farming, and is covered with a good growth of buffalo grass. Value, $10 to
$15 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 4,000 feet. Crossed
by railroad.

Township 15 S., R. 45 W. The surface of this township is rolling prairie
land. The soil is a dry, thin, clay loam. Water can be obtained by digging
wells at a depth of from 200 to 300 feet. There is a good growth of buffalo
grass, and stock-raising has been the principal industry until recently, when
dry farming began to be practiced with a considerable degree of success.
Farm improvements of a permanent character are being made by settlers.
Value, $10 to $15 per acre. Located two miles from a railroad. Annual rain-
fall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 4,000 feet.

Township 12 S., R. 46 W. The surface of this township is level prairie
land. Good water can be obtained in wells, but at considerable depth. The
soil is a dry, light, clay loam and adapted to farming. There is an excellent
growth of buffalo grass, affording good pasturage. Located ten miles from a
railroad. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Value, $5 to $8
per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 46 W. The surface of this township is rolling prairie
land. This is a grazing country, with dry farming being practiced with good
success. There is no surface water, but it can be obtained by digging wells.
Located four miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $15 per acre. Annual rain-
fall, 15 inches. Elevation, 4,500 feet.

Township 14 S., R. 46 W. The surface of this township is high, gently
rolling table lands. The land is of good quality and conditions are favorable
for dry farming methods. Pasturage is excellent. Water is found by digging
wells of considerable depth. This township is crossed by a railroad. Value,
$5 to $20 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Elevation, 4,500 feet.

Township 15 S., R. 46 W. This township lies partially on a high, level
table land. Water is found at a considerable depth in wells throughout the



72 CHEYENNE COUNTY



township. The surface is covered with a good growth of buffalo grass. Dry
farming is being practiced here. Located two miles from a railroad. Value,
$5 to $18 per acre. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 4,000 feet.

Township 12 S., R. 47 W. The surface of this township is high, gently
rolling prairie, with a dry soil of light, rough, clay loam character, well
adapted to dry farming; the soil is covered with a natural growth of buffalo
grass. There is no surface water, but water of excellent quality can be
obtained by digging wells. Crops are usually good. Located ten miles from a
railroad. Value, $5 to $15 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Elevation,
4,500 feet.

Township 14 S., R. 47 W. The surface of this township is level, rolling
prairie land; the western part lying in the flats. Good crops can be raised
without irrigation even in the dry seasons. In the eastern portion good water
is obtained at a depth of 150 feet. The soil is a sandy loam. Value, $10 to $15
per acre. This township is crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 4,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 15 S., R. 57 W. The surface of this township is high prairie
land, level and gently rolling; all suited for grazing and dry farming. Some
portions are sandy, but this soil retains the moisture and withstands consider-
able droughts. Big Sandy creek carries considerable water in flood times, but
is dry at other times. There is no timber, except a few scattered groves of
cottonwoods along Big Sandy creek. There is a distinct tracing of alkali in
the water. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. This township touched by the railroad.
Elevation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall 10 to 15 inches.

Township 12 S., R. 48 W. The surface of this township is gently rolling
prairie land, somewhat broken along the creeks. Wells have to be dug 150 feet
in depth; the water is of excellent quality. This is a dry farming district,
and crops are usually good. The surface is naturally covered with good buffalo
sod. The soil is a sandy loam. Located twelve miles from a railroad. Eleva-
tion 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Value, $5 to $15 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 48 W. The surface of this township is rolling, sandy
prairie south of Big Sandy creek, and level prairie land north of Wild Horse
creek. The creeks crossing this township are dry, excepting at flood times.
The entire township is suitable for grazing and dry farming. The soil is
sandy, but retains moisture a considerable length of time; withstanding
droughts better than a clay loam. The water, with a few exceptions, shows
distinct tracings of alkaline. Value, $8 to $15 per acre. This township is
crossed by a railroad. Elevation, 4,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 12 S., R. 49 W. The surface of this township is high, rolling
prairie land, broken by numerous dry creek bottoms. There is considerable
outcroppings of limestone and gypsum along the creeks in the northeastern
portion. In the west the lands are not as badly broken. There is no running
water. The soil is a sandy loam, producing a good growth of grass; how-
ever, it is below the average in quality. This is a good stock range. Value,
$5 to $10 per acre. Located ten miles from a railroad. Elevation, 4,500
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches.

Township 13 S., R. 49 W. The surface of this township is rolling and
partially level, prairie land, with some low, rolling sand hills in Sections 14
and 15. There are springs and water holes along the creek, but no running
water except in flood time. Good well water is obtained at a depth of 100
to 150 feet. The land is covered with good buffalo grass. This land is well
adapted to grazing, but not recommended for farming. Distance from rail-
road, five miles. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre.



CHEYENNE COUNTY 73



Township 12 S., R. 50 W. The surface of this township is gently rolling
prairie. In the dry creek bottoms are springs and water holes. There is no run-
ning water. The soil in most places is a rich, sandy loam, producing a fine
quality of grass. Corn and wheat is raised to some extent. Water is found at a
depth of from 14 to 100 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches. Elevation, 4,500
feet. Value, $8 to $15 per acre. Distance from railroad, ten miles.

Township 13 S., R. 50 W. The surface of this township varies from a
level to rolling prairie land. The soil throughout is a good clay loam produc-
ing grains to a fair degree. The surface is naturally covered with a good
stand of buffalo grass, making this a splendid grazing country. Water can
be obtained at a depth of 100 feet. There is no water in the creeks except-
ing in flood times. Value, $8 to $15 per acre. Located two miles from a
railroad. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 4,500 feet.

Township 14 S., R. 50 W. The northern portion of this township is
nearly level, with a clay loam soil. Plenty of water in Big Sandy creek
for stock. The southern portion is made up of sandy prairies and sand hills,
with plenty of water lying close to the surface. Alfalfa is raised success-
fully without irrigation in the creek basin, where water occurs at a shallow
depth. Stock raising is the principal industry at present. Value, $5 to $20
per acre. This township is crossed by a railroad. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Elevation, 4,500 feet.

Township 15 S., R. 50 W. The surface of this township is high, sandy
prairies, broken at intervals by low sand hills. The soil is a sandy loam,
with a subsoil of sand, thus retaining the moisture. Dry farming is being
carried on with success. The surface is covered with an excellent growth
of buffalo and bunch grass. This is a good grazing district. Distance from
railroad, one mile. Value, $5 to $12 per acre. Elevation, 4,500 feet. Annual
rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.

Township 12 S., R. 51 W. The surface of this township is gently, roll-
ing prairie in the southern portion and low sand hills in the northern por-
tion. The soil varies from second to fourth rate. There are several springs
along Wild Horse creek, but no water that flows above the surface. The
soil produces a good growth of grass. This section is well adapted to graz-
ing purposes. Distance from railroad, six miles. Elevation, 4,800 feet. An-
nual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $6 to $10 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 51 W. The surface of this township is gently rolling
prairie land. There is no surface water, but good water can be obtained at
a depth of from 100 to 200 feet. The soil is good and producing a fair
quality of natural grass and crops of wheat, corn and forage when cultivated.
Along Arroyo creek water is found at a depth of from 5 to 10 feet below the
surface. This township is touched by a railroad. Elevation, 4,500 feet. An-
nual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $6 to $12 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 51 W. This township is crossed east and west by
Big Sandy creek and a railroad. The southern portion consists of sandy,
prairies broken at intervals by low sand hills. North of the creek the surface



Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 7 of 39)