George S. (George Samuel) Clason.

Free homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers online

. (page 9 of 39)
Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 9 of 39)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ver Cliff, with a population of 250.

Special attention is called to the liberal rainfall in Custer county. Not
less than fifteen inches annually in any part of the county and in some por-
tions over twenty-five inches.

Township 21 S., R. 69 W. There is some fine agricultural land in this
township, which lies on the western slope of the Wet mountains. The vacant
lands are in the rougher portion, up against the boundary of the San Isabel
national forest, and are not suitable for cultivation. Value, $3 to $5 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Distance from
railroad, ten miles.

Township 21 S., R. 70 W. This township is principally rugged and rocky
and all of the land, except a small section on the west, is included in the
San Isabel national forest. This land is chiefly used for grazing. Value, $5
to $12 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Dis-
tance from railroad, twelve miles.

Township 22 S., R. 70 W. This is a fine stock country. Well watered.
There is a fine growth of excellent grass. Good timber. The surface is rather
rough and mountainous, not suitable for cultivation. Value, $3.50 to $5 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25 inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Distance from
railroad, twelve miles.

Township 23 S., R. 70 W. The surface of this township is mostly
mountainous and well timbered. It has plenty of water and is covered with
good grass in places. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, over 25
inches. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Distance from railroad, twelve miles.

Township 24 S., R. 70 W. The surface of this township is mountainous
in character. It is tolerably well watered and furnishes first-class pasture
lands. It is partially timbered and even the timbered sections have good
grass. Some of this timber is of saw mill size. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.
Annual rainfall, above 25 inches. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Distance from rail-
road, fifteen miles.

Township 21 S., R. 71 W. This township is principally rough mountain-
ous land. There are some agricultural lands along the gulches. Open por-
tions furnish excellent grazing at all seasons. Plenty of water. There is a
considerable growth of aspen, spruce and pine trees. Value, $5 per acre. An-
nual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Distance from railroad,
six miles.



OUSTER COUNTY 83



Township 22 S., R. 71 W. This is a very rough and hilly land, lying up
in the mountains. There is some good summer pasture. The soil is very
gravelly. There is a good growth of bunch grass and white sage. There is
some spruce and aspen timber on the hilltops. There is a little natural hay
land. Springs afford plenty of stock water. Mining for precious minerals is
carried on in this township. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 20
to 25 inches. Elevation, 9,000 feet. Distance from railroad, five miles.

Township 23 S., R. 71 W. There are some farming lands along the water
courses. Owing to the high altitude this land is best suited for hay raising.
The uplands furnish good grazing. The general surface is rough and uneven
and is in a high mountainous country. The surface is covered with scattered
pine trees. Value, $5 to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall, 25 inches. Elevation,
8,500 feet. Distance from railroad, seven miles.

Township 24 S., R. 71 W. The surface of this township is mostly open
rolling plateau land, surrounded by mountains. It affords good pasturage.
There is plenty of water in the streams. Value, $5 to $7 per acre. Annual
rainfall, above 25 inches. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Distance from railroad,
twelve miles.

Township 21 S., R. 72 W. There is good agricultural land along Grape
creek suitable for farming and hay raising, while the land remote from
water furnishes good grazing. Some little timber. Value, $3.50 to $7 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,500 feet. Distance from
railroad, two miles.

Township 22 S., R. 72 W. Silver Cliff, the county seat of Custer county,
is in this township. The surface is partially mountainous and hilly and
partially prairie lands. There is some timber. Some good land, but not
enough water for irrigation. Value, $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 25
inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Reached by branch railroad.

Township 23 S., R. 72 W. This township lies in Wet Mountain valley.
The surface is mostly rolling prairie land. There is some good grass and
good soil. The land is suitable for pasture or cultivation, either by irri-
gation or dry farming methods. Value, $5 to $20 per acre. Annual rainfall,
20 to 25 inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Distance from railroad, five miles.

Township 24 S., R. 72 W. Most of this township is mountainous. There
is some farming land along the streams. All of it is good grazing land.
There is plenty of water. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 25
inches. Elevation, 8,500 feet. Distance from railroad, ten miles.

Township 21 S., R. 73 W. A fine valley crosses this township, being
even above the average mountain valleys in this section. Other portions of
the township are rough and rocky. Suitable only for grazing. The township
is well watered and contains considerable pine timber of medium quality.
Crossed by a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20
inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet.

Township 46 N., R. 12 E. The only vacant lands in this township lie
right along the railroad. They are rolling and hilly in character. Fine grass.
Suitable only for grazing purposes. Value, $6 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15
to 20 inches, Elevation, 8,000 feet.



DELTA COUNTY

MONTROSE LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 325,488 Acres.

Delta county is located in the western-central portion of Colorado. It is
traversed by the Uncompahgre and Gunnison rivers, along the fertile valleys
of which are fine agricultural and fruit lands.

Some coal is mined in Delta county. The mountainous sections are in-
cluded in the national forests.

.The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as follows:

Grains $ 200,000.00

Hay and vegetables 700,000.00

Fruits 1,200,000.00

Miscellaneous crops 200,000.00

The total population of Delta county is 15,000. The population of Delta,
the county seat, is 2,500. Other important towns are Hotchkiss, with a popu-
lation of 600, and Paonia, with a population of 1,000.

Much of the rougher portions of the county contains land that could be
reclaimed and which would be valuable owing to the fertility of the soil and
the naturally fine climate.

Township 13 S., R. 91 W. This township is crossed diagonally by the
Gunnison river and railroad. It is a mountainous district at an elevation of
6,500 feet. The soil, in the river valley and on the mesa along it, is especially
adapted to fruit raising. The mountains are covered with brush and scat-
tering timber. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 91 W. The southern and eastern portions are rolling
and broken in character, being covered with sage and oak brush and some
scattering cedar. The southeastern corner is a mountainous district included
in the Gunnison national forest. Minnesota creek, which flows through the
northern portion, carries a large body of water. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15
inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Value, $4 to $8 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 91 W. A rough, mountainous district containing large
valleys and fertile mesas. Along Smith's fork there is first-class agricultural
land very productive when irrigated and w r ill grow good crops of grasses and
grains. Some of the high, adobe hills are covered with a scrubby growth of
cedar and oak. This district is well watered by springs and creeks and is a
splendid grazing section for cattle and horses. Elevation, 6,700 feet. Annual
rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located five miles from a railroad. Value, $4 to
$8 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 92 W. A rolling, mountainous section on the southern
slope of the Grand mesa. The surface is broken by high mesas cut by deep
gulches and all covered with a dense growth of brush. There are considerable
lava rock outcroppings in different places. The soil is generally rich and
productive of good crops especially suited to the high altitude. Small natural
parks furnish excellent grazing. Located one mile from a railroad. Annual
rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 7,000 to 9,000 feet. Value, $4 to $10 per
acre.

Township 14 S., R. 92 W. The North fork of the Gunnison river and rail-
road crosses this township diagonally. This river carries a large volume of



DELTA COUNTY 85



water. The surface consists of wide river valleys, mountains and high mesas,
the bluffs of which are covered with grass. The soil is rather poor in char-
acter, except in the river bottoms, where it is first-class. The river valley is
a very fine fruit-raising district. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10
to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 92 W. The surface of this township is a broken, cre-
taceous plain in an arid district, most of which is irrigated from Smith's fork.
There is considerable hard sand rock and excellent building stone to be found
here. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre.

Township 13 S., R. 93 W. This township lies on the southern slope of
the Grand mesa; it is quite rough and mountainous throughout with the ex-
ception of a few creek bottoms. The more desirable lands are taken up, but
there is considerable unentered land suitable for cultivation. There are sev-
eral coal mines in this section. There is quite a scattering growth of cedar,
aspen and pinon trees. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Elevation, 6,500 feet.
Distance from railroad, five miles. Value, $4 to $10 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 93 W. The surface is generally broken and rolling.
The soil is excellent. Gunnison river crosses the southern portion, furnishing
plenty of water for irrigation. The southern portion is a good farming dis-
trict, while the northern portion is better suited for pasturage. A railroad
crosses this township. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 93 W. Outside of the valleys of the streams, along
which there are good lands, the rest of the township is extremely rough and
hilly. The hills are covered with a dense growth of cedars. This township
is crossed by railroad. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches.
Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre.

Township 12 S., R. 94 W. This township lies on the southern slope of the
Grand mesa. Half being mountainous and the other half bench land. This
district is well settled and no desirable land is available. Elevation, 7,000
feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. Located
fifteen miles from a railroad.

Township 13 S., R. 94 W. A well watered township naturally covered
with an abundance of good grass. This is a fine farming and fruit-growing
district. In the southwestern portion there is some indication of coal. Eleva-
tion, 6,500 feet. Located five miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10 per
acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches.

Township 14 S., R. 94 W. The surface is generally rough and hilly. The
soil is a sandy adobe in some places and is covered with a good growth of
grass. There is no timber in this district, but sage brush grows very high
and thick. The gulches are nearly all dry. This township is crossed by rail-
road and is located just north of the Gunnison river. Elevation, 6,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 94 W. A hilly township containing considerable val-
ley land. This is a naturally arid country requiring irrigation. Along the
Gunnison river there are exceptionally fine bottom lands. Elevation, 5,500 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value, $5 to $10 per acre. Railroad crosses
the northwest corner of the township.

Township 12 S., R. 95 W. A rough, mountainous township upon the
southern edge of the Grand mesa and included in the national forest with the



86 DELTA COUNTY



exception of the southeastern corner. The township is well watered by sev-
eral creeks and streams and affords excellent trout fishing. There are coal
indications. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Value,
$5 to $10 per acre. Located twelve miles from a railroad.

Township 13 S., R. 95 W. This is a rough, hilly township on the southern
slope of the Grand mesa. There are numerous small mesas and river bench
lands all covered more or less with lava rock, and with a heavy growth of
underbrush. Many living streams are to be found in this section and coal
mining is carried on extensively. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10
to 15 inches. Located six miles from railroad. Value, $4 to $8 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 95 W. The eastern portion of this township is a fine
farming district. The creeks afford abundant water for irrigation. The north-
western portion is better suited to grazing. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Annual
rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Located one mile from a railroad. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 95 W. The northern tier of sections are broken and
rolling. The mountains are made up of high, conical, adobe buttes, cut by
numerous rocky gulches. The large valleys are very fertile and well watered.
Half of the southern portion consists of level, rolling mesas, which would fur-
nish excellent land if irrigated. The other half is rolling and broken with
adobe knolls. The township is crossed by numerous dry gulches. Elevation,
5,500 feet. Annual rainfall, under 10 inches. This township is crossed by
railroad. Value, $5 to $12 per are.

Township 14 S., R. 96 W. A very rough, mountainous section through-
out, covered with lava rock with the exception of the steep slopes. The soil
on the slopes lends itself readily to cultivation. This township is located on
the southern slope of the Grand mesa. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 10 inches. Located three miles from a railroad. Value, $5 to $12 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 96 W. The Gunnison river and railroad cross this
township. The river valleys are very fertile and are extensively cultivated,
being under irrigation. The remainder of the township consists of rolling,
level mesas which would make good farm land and produce superior crops
when irrigated. Annual rainfall is under 10 inches. Irrigation is absolutely
essential here for cultivation. Elevation, 5,000 feet. Value, $5 to $10 per acre.

Township 14 S., R. 97 W. This is a fractional township lying in the foot-
hills of the Grand mesa, having a general slope south and west. The gulches
are deep and very rocky. Diamond creek, which is merely a brook, flows
only a part of the year, and is the only running water in the township.
There is not much timber in this section. The land is mostly unfit for cul-
tivation. There is good grass during the wet seasons. This is naturally an
arid section with less than 10 inches of rainfall annually. Located four miles
from a railroad. Elevation, 5,500 feet. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 15 S., R. 97 W. That portion lying south of the river and
bluffs and east of the principal canyon is a broken sandstone mesa, cut by
numerous dry gulches and canyons. Most of the soil is light and sandy in
character and produces a scant growth of gramma grass. On the north side
of the Gunnison river the soil is adobe, being covered with scrub oak, but de-
void of timber and almost any other vegetation. In the river canyons there
are a few small bodies of bottom land. This township is crossed by railroad.
Elevation, 5,000 feet. Annual rainfall, less than 10 inches. Value, $5 to $10
per acre.



DELTA COUNTY 87



Township 14 S., R. 98 W. An exceedingly rough, broken district, crossed
diagonally by the Gunnison river, south of which is a high mesa. In the north-
ern part the canons are low, but bordered on either side by vertical walls of
solid sandstone raising 100 to 150 feet high. The mesas are broken and rocky.
Along the bottoms of the river ther^ are a few bodies of excellent land. Owing
to the light rainfall this township cannot be cultivated without irrigation.
The cost of raising water to the level lands would be more than the land
would be worth. There is very little timber in this township. Value, $3.50
to $8 per acre. Annual rainfall, under 10 inches. Elevation, 5,000 feet. This
township is crossed by railroad.

Township 15 S., R. 98 W. There is very little arable land in this town-
hsip. The mesas are from 800 to 1,200 feet above the little valleys which
are located along the river, and are generally broken and rocky, being cov-
ered with cedar and pinon timber. There is some grazing land in this section
The rainfall is less than 10 inches. Elevation, 5,000 to 6,000 feet. Value,
$3.50 to $8 per acre.

Township 4 S., R. 3 E. Ute P. M. This is a rough, rocky section. The
soil is clay in character and cannot be irrigated. Considerable nutritious
grass covers the lands at the foot of the bluffs. This is a good cattle range,
but of little use for farming. Along the Gunnison river the country is greatly
cut by canyons and steep, rocky bluffs. There is a considerable growth of
spruce and cedar timber; also coal outcropping. A railroad crosses this town-
ship. Elevation, 5,000 feet. Annual rainfall, under 10 inches. Value, $5 to
$10 per acre.



DOLORES COUNTY

DURANGO LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 188,555 Acres.
MONTROSE LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 73,380 Acres.

Dolores county is located in the extreme southwestern portion of Colorado,
adjoining the Utah state line. The eastern portion of the county lies in the
San Juan mountains and is a gold and silver mining district. A large propor-
tion of the county is included in the Montezuma national forest. Dolores has
the smallest population of any county in Colorado, the total being only 650,
out of which 400 live in Rico, the county seat.

The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as follows:

Grains $ 5,000.00

Hay 15,000.00

Vegetables 2,000.00

DURANGO LAND DISTRICT.

Township 40 N., R. 13 W. The surface of this township is high and roll-
ing. There are aspen groves along the gulches, and fine grass. The south-
western portion is more broken and rough and is included in the Montezuma
national forest. There is considerable land west of the Dolores bottoms that
could be irrigated, although this is included in the forest. The whole town-
ship is well watered. In the northwestern portion there is good grazing land.
Elevation, 8,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 20 to 25 inches. Distance from rail-
road, six miles. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 41 N., R. 13 W. The central portion of this township is a high,
comparatively level mesa. The rest of the township is hilly. Fairly well cov-
ered with spruce, pine and aspen timber. There is a dense undergrowth of
scrub oak with scattering cottonwood and willows along the streams. The
soil is generally good and black. Elevation, 8,500 to 9,000 feet. Annual rain-
fall, 20 to 25 inches. Located twelve miles from railroad. Value, $5 to $8
per acre.

Township 40 N., R. 14 W. This is a mountainous grazing district. The
northern portion is very rough and mountainous, with scattering spruce, pine
timber and aspen groves. The rest of the township is hilly, covered with fine
grass and watered by two creeks. Distance from railroad, six miles. Eleva-
tion, 8,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Value, $5 to $8 per acre.

Township 41 N., R. 14 W. The surface of this township is principally
hilly grazing land. The eastern portion is mountainous and the western por-
tion high, rolling mesa. There are coal indications on sections 25, 26, 35 and
36. Annual rainfall, 15 to 25 inches. Distance from railroad, twelve miles.
Value, $4 to $7 per acre. Elevation, 8,500 feet.

Township 39 N., R. 15 W. The surface of this township is principally
high, rolling mesas covered with heavy pine timber and aspen groves. This
is a grazing section covered with fine bunch grass in the northern portion.
The entire southern portion of the township is included in the Montezuma
national forest. Distance from railroad, five miles. Annual rainfall, 20
inches. Elevation, 8,000 feet. Value, $4 to $8 per acre.



DOLORES COUNTY 89



Township 40 N., R. 15 W. This is a hilly grazing district. The northern
portion is especially broken by the bluffs bounding Lone mesa. There is some
scattering pine timber. The rest of the township is largely covered with
scrub and pucker brush. There is water all year in Plateau creek, and some
springs. Value, $3.50 to $7 per acre. Distance from railroad, ten miles. Ele-
vation, 8,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 15 inches.

Township 40 N., R. 17 W. This township is crossed by the Dolores river.
The river is confined in canyons; the narrow strips along the river would not
be safe to cultivate because in case of an overflow of the river all of the
land would be flooded and there would be no possible means of escape from
the canyon. In the eastern portion of the township there is good sage brush
land and a good stand of grass. Elevation, 7,000 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to
15 inches. Value, $3.50 per acre. Distance from railroad, fifteen miles.

Township 40 N., R. 18 W. A portion of this township is hilly and rough.
Most -of it is good grazing land with occasional groves of pinon and cedar
trees. There is a dense undergrowth of sage brush. There are the remains
of a number of Indian pueblos in section 30. Distance from a railroad, twen-
ty miles. Elevation, 6,500 feet. Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Value,
$3.50 to $5 per acre.

Township 41 N., R. 18 W. This is a rough, mountainous district but with
very fertile soil, sandy in character. This is a poorly watered township,
there being only two springs in the township, and these are down in canyons
3,000 feet deep. There is a dense growth of scrub oak. Elevation, 7,000 feet.
Annual rainfall, 10 to 15 inches. Distance from railroad, twenty-five miles.
Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre.

Other portions of Dolores county are not surveyed.
MONTROSE LAND DISTRICT.

For that portion of Dolores county in the Montrose Land District, refer
to Township 32 North Ranges 13 to 19 West, San Miguel county.



DOUGLAS COUNTY

DENVER LAND DISTRICT Area of Vacant Lands, 4,760 Acres.

Douglas county is located in the central portion of tile State. The
western portion of the county is cut by foothills and is quite mountainous.
The eastern portion is generally, rolling, hilly country on the northern slope
of the Arkansas divide. The principal industry of this section is dairying,
with farming.

The approximate value per year of the agricultural products is as folows:

Grain $200,000.00

Hay 200,000.00

Vegetables and other crops 35,000.00

The population of the county is 3,500. Castle Rock, the county seat, has
a population of 400. Other towns in the county are very small.

Township 7 S., R. 66 W. This township is crossed north and south
through the center by Cherry Creek valley and the Arapahoe canal. Section
9 is under the canal, with the exception of the extreme southwest corner,
this is on a point above it. Section 19 is on top of a ridge, at the head of
Limon gulch. The soil is a sandy loam. Value, $3.50 to $5 per acre. The
township is located two miles from the railroad. Annual rainfall, 15 to
20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet.

Township 10 S., R. 66 W. This township is crossed by the headwaters
of Cherry creek. Section 15 is on top of a ridge just west of Cherry creek.
The high elevation and rough character of the land makes it of no value, ex-
cepting for pasture land. Value, $5.00 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20
inches. Elevation, 7,000 feet.

Township 7 S., R. 67 W. The southern portion of this towhsnip is
crossed by Plum Creek valley. The central and northern portions are rough
and hilly; broken by deep gulches and high rocky ridges. Very sandy soil.
There is quite a growth of oak brush and pine trees. Suitable only for
grazing. Value, $5 per acre. Annual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation,
6,000 feet. Four miles from the railroad.

Township 7 S., R. 68 W. This township runs right into the mountains
on the western side. Section 31 adjoins the Pike national forest and is rough
and mountainous and only suitable for grazing. Value, $3.50 per acre. An-
nual rainfall, 15 to 20 inches. Elevation, 6,000 feet. Crossed by railroad.

Township 8 S., R. 68 W. This township is undulating on the east. The
western portion is rough and mountainous. The soil is gravelly and the



Online LibraryGeorge S. (George Samuel) ClasonFree homestead lands of Colorado described; a handbook for settlers → online text (page 9 of 39)