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issue. At an inquisition taken at Landow juxta
Bregheynok, on the Monday next after the close of Easter
10 Edw. Ill (April 8. 1336) before William de Shareshull
Roger Pychard and John de Mersheton, it was shewn
that, in the time of the first war between Edward I and
the Prince of Wales, Llewelyn ap Res Vaghan was seized
of the castle of Carregcennen and the commot of Iscennen
in demesne as of fee, which same Llewelyn of his own
accord repaired to the said King and came to his peace
and fealty, and did homage to him for his lands ; but the
King for the better security of peace committed the said
Llewelyn to prison until the peace should be more fully
assured. While Llewelyn was thus kept in custody the
said King took the aforesaid castle and commot, which
were in the seizin of Llewelyn, into his own hands. The
jurors reported that it was in that way only that the afore-
said castle and commot came into the King's hands, and
they said that the same Llewelyn died in the peace and

1 According to the Welsh Pedigrees, as given by the great Welsh Antiquary Robert
Yaughan of Hengwrt in the Peniarth MS. No. 70, and elsewhere, Rhys Gloff (whom I
suppose to be the same with Res Wendot) the son of Rhys Yychan ap Rhys Mechyll
was Lord of Cymytmaen, either by his own marriage or that of one of his ancestors
with the daughter and heiress of Griffith Lord of Cymytmaen in Lleyn. This Rhys
Gloff is said to have had three sons, namely Madog, Meredith Goch, and Rhys
Arbenig. Madog ap Rhys Gloff is said to have been father of Trahaern Goch, of
Lleyn, who relinquished his paternal coat and bore azure a chevron between 3 Dolphins
hauriant ar. There is some contradiction and much confusion in this early part of
the pedigree, which connects the descendants of Trahaern with the Princes of South
Wales, but from Trahaern Goch downwards the Pedigree is corroborated by the
Minister's accounts and other evidence. Trahaern Goch had two sons, namely Ithel
Dalfrith and David Goch of Penllech. From Ithel Dalfrith descended the Wynns
of Coed Llai or Leeswood in Flintshire, of which family Sir John Wynn of Leeswood,
Baronet, the last heir male died in the latter half of the 18th century. From
David Goch, of Penllech, ap Trahaern Goch of Lleyn, descended the Griffiths of
Cefn Amwlch, in Carnarvonshire, of which family the male line ended with John
Griffith of Cefn Amwlch, Esqr. (Sheriff of Carnarvonshire in 1765, son of William
Griffith of Cefn Amwlch, Esqr. by his wife Sidney, daughter of Cadwalader Wynne of
Voelas, Esqr.), at whose death Cefn Amwlch was left to his maternal relatives, the
Wynnes of Voelas, now represented by Lieut. Col. Charles Wynne Finch. The
family of Williams of LJandegwning was also descended from David Goch, of Penllech,
of which the male line ended with Griffith Williams of Llandegwning, Esqr. who died
in 174, when the property and representation of the family devolved upon his
sister Elinor wife of William Wynne of Wern, in the county of Carnarvon, Esqr., now
represented by her great grandson W. "W. E. Wynne, Esq. of Peniarth. From the
same David Goch of Penllech descended also a family, which assumed from its share of
inheritance the local name of Carreg. It is still extant in the male line, and is
(1876) represented by Robert Carreg, Esq., of Carreg, the present Sheriff for the
countv of Carnarrou.



182 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

fealty of the said King, and that he never defaulted or
committed any crime against the King for which his lands
and tenements ought to be forfeited. They further
reported that the same Llewelyn never remitted or quit-
claimed to the King or to any one else his right to the
aforesaid castle and commot, neither did he in any way
alter his position with regard to them ; and that Gilbert
Talbot is his cousin and nearest heir. The aforesaid
castle and commot are held of the King in capite by the
service of doing suit at the King's court of Carmarthen,
and their annual value is about 50 marks. 1 It is recorded
that John the son of John de Wilteshire, who then had
custody of the said castle and commot for the King, was
present at the taking of this inquisition.

Gilbert Talbot, at whose instance the inquisition had
been taken, came before the King and sought that justice
might be done to him according to the tenor of the verdict.

It appears however that, instead of restoring the lands
and castle to the heirs of Llewelyn, the King bestowed
them in the following year upon John de Wylynton and
Ralph his son, and Alianore wife of Ralph, with remainder
to the heirs of the body of Ralph, as lands which had
been forfeited by John Mautravers, the King's enemy
and rebel. Whereupon Gilbert Talbot complained to the
King and his council that the King had given away those
lands in contravention of his (Gilbert's) rights, notwith-
standing the verdict pronounced at the Inquisition which
had been held at the King's command.

The tenor of his petition is as follows,

A nostre Seigneur le Roi & a son consail prie Gilbert
Talbot que come il ad suy par petition a nostre Seigneur
le Roi & a son bon consayl pur Son droit del commot de
Iskennen a del chastel de Carnkenny par quele peticion
graunte lui fust denquere de son droit quele enqueste fust
prise devaunt Mons. William de Shareshull & autres &
retorne en la Chauncellerye Et ore de nouel nostre
Seigneur le Roi ad done les avantditz chastel & commot
a Sire Johan de Wylyngton & a Rauf son fitz & a
Alyanore la femme Rauf en arrerysement de la suyte &
du droit le dist Gilbert De quei il prie remedie & que les

1 Extracts from Coram Rege Roll Trin. T. 12 Edw. Ill, Ro. 23 d.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 183

avauntditz chastel & commot soient repris en la meyn
nostre Seigneur le Roi taunq. droit soit fait & que la chre
du don soit repelle

The King now gives 'orders to the chancellor to search
the rolls and records preserved in the court of chancery
for deeds relating to the petition of the said Gilbert in
answer to which it had been conceded to him that enquiry
should be made as to his right to the said castle and
commot, and also relating to the date and form of the
King's grant to John, Ralph and Alianore de Welyngton.

In due time the chancellor certifies that he has caused
the search to be made, and he sends to the King the
tenor of the said King's charter to the said John, Ralph
and Alianore, and also the tenor of certain other charters,
by one of which it appears that Resus Vaghan had
forfeited his lands to King Edward the grandfather of
the present King. Then follows the charter, dated at
Westminster on December 19, 1337, by which King
Edward III gave to John de Wylynton and Ralph his
son and Alianore his wife &c. the castle of Keyrkenny,
which belonged to John de Mautravers the King's enemy
and rebel, together with the commot of Iskinny. Also a
charter dated at Hereford on November 18, 1283, by
which King Edward I gave to John Giffard of Brim-
mesfeld the commot of Hyskennyn to hold to him and
his heirs for ever ; and another charter, dated at Salop
on June 2, 1282, by which the said King Edward I
conceded to the same John Giffard, of Brimmesfeld, and
his heirs for ever, the castle of Landevery, which belonged
to Res Yaghan the King's enemy.

These transactions are recorded in the Coram Rege Roll
of Trinity Term 1338. 1

In Hilary Term, 1345, we find Gilbert Talbot renew-
ing his claim to the lands of his cousin Lewelin ap
Res, whose heir he is. It is then recorded that Gilbert
Talbot on a former occasion in this court (King's
bench) sought against Ralph de Wylynton and Alianor
his wife the castle of Keirkenny and the commot of
Iskenny, of which Lewelin ap Res Vaghan, kinsman
to the said Gilbert, whose heir Gilbert is, was seized on

i riac. Coram Rege Trin. Term. 12 Ed\r. III. Ro. 23 d.



184 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

the day that he died. Lewelin was seized in the time
of King Edward I. From him, because he died
without heir, the fee reverted to Wenthlian his aunt
and heir, sister of Res the father of Lewelin. From
Wenthlian it descended to Richard her son and heir, and
from Richard to Gilbert the present plaintiff. Nor is this
descent disputed, although the lands were pronounced to
be past recovery because they had been united to the
crown by act of parliament. 1

It would seem that Talbot's claim was eventually
bought up by the Earl of Lancaster, for on August 1,
1362, by deed dated at Westminster, Sir Gilbert Talbot
(grandson of the above-mentioned Gilbert), Res ap Howel
ap Willy m and Walter ap Jevan ap Lewelyn conceded
and released to John, Earl of Lancaster, and Blanche his
wife, the castle of Carreckemyn and the commot of
Iskennyn together with the mills, parks, woods, moors,
fields, meadows, pastures, natives and their services, and
all other appurtenances thereto belonging, to have and to
hold to them and the heirs of their bodies with remainder
to the right heirs of the said Earl for ever, to which are
witnesses Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick,
Robert de Thorp (&) John de Moubray the King's Justices
in communi Banco, Res ap Griffith and Richard de la Bere,
Knights, David de Wellore (&) Walter Power, clerks,
and many others. 2

In respect of the marriage implied above the descend-
ants of Gilbert Talbot and Gwenllian ( Verch Res Mechyll)
relinquished their paternal arms, viz. Bendy of ten pieces,
argent and gules, and bore a lion rampant or, in a field gules,
with a bordure engrailed of the first ; which were the arms of
the said Res and his ancestors, Princes of South Wales. 3

If we allow the claim of the Talbots, the legitimate
male line of Res Mechyll ap Res Grig must have ended
with Res Wendot and his brothers, and we may consider
this branch of the family to have been subsequently

1 Placita de Banco Hil. Term. 19 Edw. Ill, m. 132 d. 2 Rot. Glaus. 36 Edw. Ill,
m. 18 dorso. I cannot identify the Res ap Howel and Walter ap Jevan who joined
Gilbert Talbot in this release. They may possibly have been tho illegitimate descend-
ants (grandson and great grandson?) of Llewelyn ap Res, or they may have been
descendants of a sister or sisters of Wenthlian Talbot who would thus have been coheirs
with Gilbert Talbot to the lands of Llewelyn ap Res ; or perhaps they may have
been feoffees of either the Talbots or the Welyntons. 3 Collins' Peerage, ex coll. R.
Glorer, Somcrs. See also p. 100.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 185

represented by the Earls of Shrewsbury, the lineal male
descendants of Sir Gilbert Talbot and Wenthlian, until
the death of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, K.G.
in 1616, whose daughter and eventual sole heiress Alathea
married Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel. On the death
of Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk, in 1777, the
Barony of Talbot and other Baronies in fee fell into
abeyance between the two daughters and coheirs of his
brother Philip Howard, Esq. ; namely Winifrede, who
married William, 15th Lord Stourton; and Anne who
married Edward, 9th Lord Petre, in whose heirs, the
present Lords Stourton and Petre, is vested the repre-
sentation of this branch of the Princes of South Wales.

(ll) MEKEDITH AP EES GRIG.

On the death of Res Grig, in 1233, his son Meredith ap
Res is said to have shared his father's territory with his
elder brother Res Mechyll. Meredith was doubtless born
of the 2nd marriage of his father with Joane de Clare.
I am unable to say positively what lands he inherited at
his father's death, but since he afterwards claimed the
land of Ikenn or Iscennen as his ly right of inheritance, it
is probable that he succeeded in the first instance to that
commot with the castle of Droslwyn, and perhaps also to
the commots of Pertieth (Derfedd) and Hyrvrin, which
together formed the cantrev Bychan or ffiniog (according
to whichever of the two divisions of Carmarthen we
adopt).

In the year 1257 he was in possession of all these lands
as well as the northern commot of Caeo the northern
portion of Mathlaen and the lordships called Maenor
Lonsawil and Maenor inter Turth & Kothy in the
cantrev Mawr, besides which he held certain lands in
Dy vet or West Wales, namely the commot of Emlyn with
the New Castle, and the commot of Estrolof, which he
held of the Earl of Pembroke.

The King's charter, of October 1257, confirms to him
all the said lands, which he then held, and further con-
cedes to him all the lands of his nephew Res Vychan ap
Res Mechyll ; of which last, however, he never acquired
possession. Indeed he seems to have afterwards lost to

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PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 187

his nephew some portion of the lands which he held in
1257; and it is probable that a fresh division of territory
was made between them after the peace of 1267.

From an inquisition, taken at Carmarthen in June 1288,
we learn how he became possessed of his lands in Dyvet.
It appears, from this inquest, that a certain Canan ap
Howel 1 was formerly lord of the commot of Oisterlof and
the commot of Emelyn which he held of the King. After
which Walter Marscall' in the name of Earl Gilbert his
brother came with the King's army to Carmarthen and
found the aforesaid Canan at war against the King, and
he seized the aforesaid land of Oisterlof and Emelyn to
the King's behoof. The said Earl Gilbert afterwards
appropriated these two commots to his county of Pem-
broke and occupied thdm against the King. And when
the said Earl Gilbert Marscall', who was Lord of Pem-
broke, saw that he could not well retain possession of the
said two commots he sold them to Meredith ap Res for
300 marks ; so that he should do him service for them at
Pembroke ; and he afterwards gave to him his niece in
marriage, namely the mother of Res ap Meredith. The
jury were ignorant by what authority the King gave up
or was ejected from the service and suit of the said two
commots which were always, and are now, in the District
of Carmarthen. 2

In the division of the Mareschal inheritance the castle
of Cilgerran, and the service of Meredith ap Res Grig for
Emlyn came to Eva de Braose, wife of William son and
heir of William de Cantilupe, and daughter and coheir of
William de Braose of Brecknock and his wife Eve
Mareschal. 3

From the inquisition above quoted we learn that the
wife of Meredith ap Res Grig was a niece of Gilbert
Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, but I fail to identify her.*

Meredith ap Res died at his castle of Droslwyn on July
22, 1271, and was succeeded by his son Res ap Meredith.
I know not whether he left any other issue.

1 Canan or Cynan ap Howel was the son of Howel Sais, illegitimate son of the Lord

n -/CiV. 3 _ -.->.,,,i~ 01 inz ir> lf>7 Tliia ia *lio loot irn Vunr nf Pviinn




New Castle of Emlyn was built by Meredith ap Res (Inq. 27 Edw. I, No. 108 ; see

Calendarium Genealogicum). Clark's Earls of Pembroke. 4 A Pedigree in the Golden

MS. says that Meredith ap Res married " Isabel (as R.V.) f. William Marshall,



188 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

Res ap Meredith was a man of considerable energy and
talent and apparently unshackled by any scruples of
conscience. Like his father he never hesitated to espouse
the English side in the wars of his time whenever it
better served his own purpose to do so ; and as the King
held out every inducement to tempt him he seldom failed
to betray the cause of his country in every time of
difficulty and danger.

We have seen that he received considerable grants
from the forfeited estates of the other Princes of South
Wales during the continuance of the war in 1282.
Impatient to take immediate possession of his fresh
acquisitions he was not content to await the slow process of
the law ; but before the King's writ, which had been
issued to Robert de Tibetot to put him in seisin, had
reached its destination, he proceeded to enter upon the
lands on his own authority. Moreover he usurped
to himself the territories of Llewelyn ap Owen, the
infant son of Owen ap Meredith ap Owen, who, being
a minor, was then under the King's guardianship. For
these illegal acts he was tried and convicted; but he was
too useful to Edward at this time to be turned into an
enemy, so the King by his charter, dated at Acton Burn el
on October 20, 1283, not only granted him a pardon for
these transgressions, on the sole condition that he should
restore the lands of Llewelyn ap Owen to their rightful
owner together with any profits that he might have received
from them, but further, of his special grace, conceded to
him the privilege of determining and appointing the laws
by which those Welshmen should be governed whom he
had obtained authority to receive to the King's peace. 1
The honour of knighthood was also conferred upon him



Earl of Pembroke, rather Eva f. Wm. Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and widow to Wm.
Bruse." But she could not have been a daughter of Earl William, for then she would
have been sister to Earl Gilbert, whereas she is stated in the inquisition to be his niece.
Of the two ladies above mentioned, Eva Mareschal married William Lord Braose, of
Bergavenny, and died about 1240, leaving five daughters by William de Braose as her
coheirs, one of whom became the grandmother of Res ap Meredith's wife. On the other
hand Isabel Mareschal, another daughter of Earl William, and sister of Earl Gilbert,
man-led Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and had a daughter Isabel, who married
[William] Lord Braose of Gower (Clark's Earls of Pembroke) whom she survived ; but
William Lord Braose of Gower survived Earl Gilbert Mareschal many years, so that
the latter could not have disposed of his widow in marriage.
1 Bym. FoBd., an. 11 Edw. I.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 189

in acknowledgement of the eminent services which he
had rendered to the crown during the late war.

When peace was restored Sir Res ap Meredith sought
to strengthen his English connection by a matrimonial
alliance with Auda (or Ada) de Hastings, the daughter of
an English Baronial family. But since they happened to
be within the prohibited degrees of relationship towards
each other, namely in the third degree on the one part
and in the fourth degree on the other, it was necessary
that a Dispensation should be obtained from the Pope
before the marriage could be solemnized. A Dispensa-
tion was accordingly sought on the plea that such a
marriage was calculated to put an end to the enmities
and reprisals which had long subsisted and still continued
between the said Res Cn the one hand and the family of
the said Auda on the other. The papal licence for the
contraction of the marriage, which was granted at the
petition of the said Res and Auda, supported by the
request of the English King, was dated from the Ancient
City iv. idus Decembris, in the third year of the pontificate
of Pope Martin IV (i.e. Dec. 10, 1283). It was directed
to Thomas Lord Bishop of St. David's, and received by
him at Landegoe on the Feast of the holy martyrs St.
John and St. Paul (June 26) 1284, as certified by his
letters patent. 1

The relationship which previously existed between
them will best be shewn by the annexed Table.

I presume that they were married in the following
year; for by deed enrolled in chancery on June 7, 1285,
Res ap Meredith conceded to Auda de Hastings his whole
land of Osterlof with the appurtenances and the whole
land of Mabwynneon with the appurtenances to have and
to hold for the term of her life of him and his heirs, with
the exception of a hundred solidates of land in the vill of
Estrath in the commot of Mabwenneon which he reserves
to himself and his heirs, so that the said land of Osterlof
and Mabwynneon should revert to him and his heirs
immediately after the death of the said Auda : and in the
event of a marriage being contracted between them she
is to claim nothing else from his heirs, in the name of
dower or of her third portion, but the said land of

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PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 191

Osterlof and Mabwynneon for the term of her life. To
this deed are witnesses E. Lord Bishop of Bath and
Wells, Thomas Lord Bishop of St. David's, the Lord
Gilbert Earl of Gloucester, the Lord William de Valence,
the Lord John Earl Warren, the Lord Robert de Valle, the
Lord Ralph Gnet (Griet ?), William de Cantinton, Lewelin
ab Res, David Abbe Moris, Eyner Clerk, and many others.
And on the same day the aforesaid Res delivered into the
King's hands the said commot of Mabwynneon to the use
of the said Auda for her life in the event of a marriage
being had between them, so that after her death the said
commot should revert to the said Res and his heirs. 1

By deed, without date, preserved among the Welsh
Rolls of the same year, John de Hastings concedes to
Res ap Meredith his whole land of St. Clare, Augoy, and
Pennuliok, with their appurtenances, in frank marriage
with Auda his sister to have and to hold to them and
their heirs, lawfully begotten, of the chief Lord of the fee ;
so that if the said Auda should die without issue by the
said Res the whole of the aforesaid land should revert to
the said John de Hastings and his heirs after the death
of the said Auda : but if the said Res should have lawful
issue by the said Auda, although that offspring should
die, he concedes that the said land should remain to the
said Res for the term of his life, and afterwards revert to
the said John and his heirs. 2

On June 12 of the same year, 1285, Res ap Meredith
had a charter to him and his heirs to hold a weekly
market on Thursdays at his manor of Lampeter in the
County of Cardigan, and an annual fair for three days,
namely on the vigil, the day, and the morrow of the
Feast of St. Dyonisius the Martyr. 8

King Edward had employed the previous year in
securing and settling his new conquests. The castles of
North Wales were armed and strengthened, and by the
Statutum Wallice the English law of inheritance was intro-
duced into Wales, allowing dowers to widows, and
shutting out bastards, who seem to have previously been
admitted to the privileges of legitimacy, and on the

i Rot. "Wall., 13 Edw. I, m. 3. d. 2 Ibid. This is a capital instance of the settle-
ment "by courtesy of England" as it was technically called. 3 Chart. Hot. 13 Edw.
I, No. 65.



192 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

failure of male heirs permitting females to inherit. He
also sanctioned the custom of the country, by which
lands were divisible among male heirs.

Having thus settled the affairs of Wales and bestowed
some attention on English affairs, Edward went abroad
in May, 1286, leaving the Earl of Pembroke Kegent of
the kingdom. 1

After this we hear no more of Res ap Meredith as a
loyal subject to the English King. Having served him



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