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Justiciaries. 3

On June 10 of the same year the King, being desirous
of shewing greater favour to the said Geoffrey Clement,
after reciting the above mentioned grant which had
already been made to him of nine librates &c. of land
and rents in the King's commot of Pennarth in the county

1 Her. Vis. Wall. ; Golden Grove MS. ; and Mr. J. Morris's MS. 2 Inn. p. m. 12
Edw. II, No. 12. 3 Rot. Wall. 1423 Edw. I, m. 7 de anno 18



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 223

of Cardigan out of those thirteen librates of land and
rents at which the commot was extended, further con-
cedes to him and his -heirs for ever the said commot with
the liberties and rights belonging to it, to hold by pay-
ment of an annual rent of 3 to be rendered half yearly
through the hands of the Constable, for the time being, of
the castle of Lampader and the service of attending the
King's expeditions into Wales (as before specified). By
a second charter of the same date the King remits to the
said Geoffrey, for the term of his life, the said annual
rent of 3, which is however to be paid after his death
by his heirs. 1 But on May 15, 1292, (as we learn from
a subsequent inspeximus) Geoffrey Clement obtained a
fresh charter by which the reserved rent of 3 was
altogether remitted. 2

On August 3, 1294, the same Geoffrey Clement
purchased from Llewelyn son of Roger de Mortimer of
West Wales, for the sum of 40 sterling of good and
legal money and three carucates of land with the vestures 3
and all their appurtenances and liberties in Goydmaur,
which said carucates the said Geoffrey had had of the gift
of the aforesaid Roger Mortimer Llewelyn's father, all
the lands and tenements with their appurtenances in the
commot of Generglyn which the said Roger Mortimer had
had of the gift of King Edward I, for which he, Geoffrey,
is to render the service of half a Knight's fee. 4

This Geoffrey Clement (I) is said to have been slain
by the Welsh in a revolt, at Buellt, in or about the same
year, 5 1294, when he was succeeded by his son Geoffrey
Clement (II).

Geoffrey Clement (II), on January 28, 1318, had an
inspeximus and confirmation from Edward II, whereby the
King concedes to him the land of Generglen (whose meets
and bounds are fully described in the charter), which land,
King Edward I had given to Roger de Mortimer and his
heirs by charter tested at Bristol on December 27, 1284,
reserving to himself and his heirs " the four pleas of the

1 Hot. Tat. 18 Edw T, m. 20. 2 Rot. Pat. 1 Hen. IV, part 1, m. 7. * Vesturtt
were the proceeds of the soil, whether cuttings, crops, or fruits. According to the
original idea, woods, corn, and grass, seem to have been considered as the clothing
of the earth (Ey ton's Ant. of Shropshire vol. I, p. 93 note). 4 Rot. Pat. 11 Edw. II,
part 1, m. 2. 5 Eengwrt MS. No. 225, and Mr. J. Morris MS., in both of which, how-
ever, Geoffrey's death is ascribed to the year 1293.



224 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

crown" and estovers 1 from the wood of Lyscoyt for the use
of his castle of Lampader, and which same land had since
been purchased by Geoffrey Clement his father from
Llewelyn son of Roger Mortimer in 1294. 2

This second Geoffrey Clement died without issue about
a year afterwards. The Inquisition postmortem was taken
at Carmarthen, on February 24, 1319, before Roger de
Mortimer, Justice of Wales. He held the commot of
Pennarth and a moiety of the commot of Generglyn in
Cardiganshire of the King in capite for his homage and
the service of one and a half Knight's fee, namely that he
and his heirs, with their men and tenants of those commots,
should attend the King's expeditions into Wales as often
as they were summoned by the King or his Justices or
their Lieutenants in those parts. The commot of,
Pennarth is valued at 17. 11s. 5d., and the moiety of
Generglyn at 14. 3s. 4d. per annum. Robert Clement
is Geoffrey's brother and nearest heir, and is of the age
of 25 years and more. 3

It would seem that Meredith ap Owen had given a
portion of the commot of Pennarth in frank marriage with
his daughter Wenthliane, or Gwenllian, who continued
to hold it during her life. After Wenthliane's death it
was claimed by her daughter Elen, but the right of Elen
was disputed by Robert Clement, whereupon the disputed
land was taken into the King's hands. The first inquisi-
tion that was held upon it fully recognised the right of
Elen ; but her entry being barred by Robert Clement,
the land was still retained in the King's hands.

1 Estoveria -were allowances of timber from the woods for various purposes. 2 Rot.
Pat. 11 Edw. II, part 1, m. 2. I am unable to identify this Roger de Mortimer. In a
Pedigree preserved in the Golden Grove MS. he is given as a younger son of Roger
Mortimer of Chirk and brother of that John Mortimer who sold Chirk to Richard Fitzalan,
but this is incompatible with dates, and the pedigree is altogether so erroneous in other
respects as to be wholly unworthy of credit. His son Llewelyn Mortimer seems to have
disposed of most of his father's lands. From an inquisition taken at Carmarthen before
Roger de Mortimer, Justice of Wales, on April 16, 1314, with respect to the land which
had been held in dower by his mother Nest, the widow of Roger de Mortimer, we learn
that Roger de Mortimer held of King Edward I a moiety of the commot of Iscoed, by the
service of going in the army of the Lord of that commot, without payment of rent
or any other service ; and after the death of the said Roger, Llewelyn, his son'and heir,
surrendered to his mother Nest for her dower one third part of the lands in that commot
which his father had held in demesne, and for the rest of her dower he gave her an
annual sum of 9s. l^d. The said Llewelyn subsequently eufeoffed Hugh de Cressingham
in his lands and tenements in the said commot together with the reversion of his
mother's dower. On the death of Hugh the said lands reverted as an escheat to King
Edward II, to whom the third part held by Nesta in dower likewise reverted (Inq.
a. q. d. 7 Edw. II, No. 69). 3 Inq. p. m. 12 Edw. II, No. 12.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 225

Petitions to the King and his council were thereupon
presented by both the claimants. Elene Wergh Mereduk,
the daughter and heiress of Wenthliane Wergh Mereduk,
on the one hand, prays the King to order his Justice of
South Wales to enquire into her title to Quynnil in
Cardiganshire, which was her mother's inheritance and
which devolved upon her after the death of her mother. 1
The counter petition of Robert Clement cites the gift of
the commot of Pennarth by King Edward I to his father
Geoffrey Clement, at whose decease it came to Geoffrey
his son and heir, at whose decease it came to Robert, the
claimant, as his brother and heir, who was seised of it
until Sir Roger Mortimer, at the suggestion of one Eleyn,
the wife of Mereduth Vauwhan, " sa cosyne"* seized it into
the King's hands, in whose hands it now remains, for
which he prays a remedy. 3 In answer to these petitions
the King issued his brief to the Justice of South Wales
ordering him to take a fresh inquisition, which was
accordingly held at Carmarthen before the Lord John
Gyffard, Lieutenant of the Justice of South Wales, on
April 30, 1332. This second inquisition resulted in a
contrary verdict ; for the Jury now reported that Elen
the daughter of Meredith had no right to the land called
Guynnyl in Kardiganshire and that she did not enter
upon the said land as of right and inheritance after the
death of her mother, neither was she in any way seized
of it. They said that King Edward I had given and
conceded to Geoffrey Clement and his heirs the commot
of Pennarth with the appurtenances and that the said
land of Guynyl is parcel of the said commot and con-
tains a messuage and forty acres of land with the appur-
tenances, of which the said Geoffrey died seized, after
whose decease Geoffrey his son and heir entered upon
the said commot and the said land of Guynnyl as parcel
of the said commot, of which he also died seized, after
whose decease Robert Clement, as brother and heir of the
said Geoffrey, entered upon the said commot and the said
land of Guynnyl as parcel thereof, and was seized of it

1 Parliamentary Petitions [Chancery] No. 1446. 2 It is doubtful whether the
petitioner here speaks of Elen as his ONTO cousin or the cousin of Mortimer; but it
Robert Clement were the son of Jonet, the daughter of Canan ap Meredith, Elen will
have been his mother's first cousin. 3 Parliamentary Petitions [Chancery] ISo. M

2 E



226 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

until Roger de Mortimer, late Justice of Wales, removed
him from the said land without process or judgement, at
the suggestion of the aforesaid Elen. They further
reported that the said Robert held the said land of the
King in capite and that he has full right to the said land
of Guynnyl by virtue of the King's gift. 1

It would seem that Elen, finding her opponents too
strong for her, and despairing of having her claim
recognised, desisted from further prosecution of her suit.
For on August 17, of the same year, the King expedites
his letters to Gilbert Talbot, his Justice of South Wales,
wherein he first recites the former inquisition, which had
been held by the said Justice at the King's command and
duly returned to the Court of Chancery, by which it was
represented that Wenthliane Wergh Mereduk ap Oweyn,
had held certain lands and tenements in the commot of
Pennarth, namely a third part of a westva in Gwynwill,
in fee, and that after her death Elen Wergh Mereduk, the
daughter and heiress of the said Wenthliane, had entered
upon the said lands and tenements as hers by right of
inheritance and held them peaceably until Geskinus de
Beauflur, late Seneschal of Cardiganshire, ejected her by
the precept of Roger de Mortimer, then Justice of Wales,
on the Feast of St. Michael, 1329, and caused them to be
seized into the King's hands, in whose hands they still
remain; and that the said Elen has never remitted or
quit-claimed her right therein to any one ; and that the
said lands and tenements are held of the King by certain
services. Then follows a recitation of the subsequent
inquisition of April 30, 1332, which has been already given,
and in which a totally different conclusion was arrived at.
And the King goes on to say that lie, being desirous of
doing justice to both parties, had commanded his said
Justice of South Wales to give the said Elen notice to
appear at the King's Court on the quinzaine of the Nativity
of John the Baptist (July 8), which day had been also
assigned to the said Robert, in order to shew cause, if she
can, why the said land should not be delivered to the said
Robert, and also to do or receive whatever should be
adjudged by the King's court in the matter; and whereas

1 Inq. 6 Edw. Ill (2nd Nrs.), No. 1\.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 227

the said Elen, after having been solemnly cited to appear
on that day, neither came nor sent any one in her behalf,
and whereas the King's Treasurer and Chamberlains have
since certified that they have searched the writings and
muniments in their custody at the Treasury, and found
nothing with respect to the aforesaid commot and land,
the King, being willing to do what is just to the aforesaid
Robert in this matter, commands his Justice of South
Wales to give to the said Robert seizin of the said lands. 1
In order to make sure of his acquisitions Robert
Clement obtained from King Edward III, on October 20,
1334, by payment of a fine, a confirmation of all the
above mentioned charters and a further concession that
although the said Robert or his ancestors had not fully
made use of all the liberties pertaining to his said
commot, lands, and tenements, yet the same Robert and
his heirs should be entitled to enjoy them for the future
without impediment from the King's Justices, Escheators,
Sheriffs, or other his Bailiffs and servants. 2

Robert Clement was living in September, 1344, when
he was summoned to the court of the Prince of Wales
(son of King Edward III) at Cardigan to shew by what
warrant he claims to hold the commot of Pennarth and
his free courts therein, and by what warrant he claims to
have a weekly market and annual fair at each of his
manors of Karon and Langeytho in the county of Car-
digan, and also by what warrant he claims to have
cognizance of pleas in his Lordship of Gen'glyn. 3 I am
unable to give the date of Robert Clement's death, but I
suppose that he was succeeded by his grandson, for on
October 27, 1400-1, John, son of Griffin, son of the same
Robert Clement, who is called the cousin and nearest heir
of Robert Clement, has a confirmatory charter to him and his
heirs in which all the above mentioned deeds are recited. 4
John Clement, Esq., probably the same person, died
on January 18, 1430. The inquisition post mortem was

1 Rot. Clans. 6 Edw. Ill, m. 17. 2 Rot. Pat. 1 Hen. IV, part 1, m. 7. 3 Plac. de
tjuo warranto, 18 Edw. Ill, m. 5. At the inquisition taken after the death of Roger
Mortimer, Earl of March, in 22 Ric. II (No. 34), the jurors reported that Matilda wife
of Robert Clement held of him a fourth part of a fee in Michele Church, which she was
similarly reported to hare held of Edmund, Earl of March at the inquisition taken
after his death in S Hen. VI (Cal. Inq, p. m. 3 Hea. VI, No. 32). 4 Rot. Pat. I
Hen. IV, part 1, m. 7.



228 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

held at Bromyerd in the county of Hereford on November
2 of that year. He held a moiety of the manor of Yaser
in the county of Hereford, which was held of John
Merbury, Esq. in capite, as of his manor of Webbeley,
by military service. He held also the commot of
Pennarth and a moiety of the comraot of Generglyn with
their appurtenances in the Marches of Wales, which are
held of the King in capite by military service. There is
in the commot of Pennarth one capital messuage which is
of no annual value because it is ruinous. There is also in
the same commot a vill of Caron, in which there are 10
acres of arable land, of which the annual value is 12d.
each, one watermill worth 1. 6s. 8d. a year, 8 acres of
meadow of which the annual value is 5d. each, two fairs
(nundinas) every year, each of which is worth 5s. from
tolls and other profits, and rent from divers lands and
tenements held by free tenants in the said vill amounting
to 3. 13s. 4d. There are also, outside the said vill, in
the commot of Pennarth, one watermill of the annual
value of 1, one hundred acres of bosc, which realize
nothing of yearly revenue more than is wanted to keep
up the stock of game, and to pay the Keepers, a court of
the yearly value of 2, and 20 marks and 3s. of rent,
which messuage, vill, land, mill, fields, bosc, rents, court
and fairs are parcel of the said conmiot of Pennarth.
In the moiety of the commot of Generglyn there is
one watermill worth 1. 6s. 8d. a year, 200 acres of
wood, which are of no value beyond the wardenship
thereof, and 10. 10s. of rent ; there is also a court
worth 1 ; which same mill, wood, rents, and court
are parcel of the moiety of the commot of Geneurglyn.
The said John Clement held no other lands or tene-
ments of the King in capite or of any one else on the
day of his death in the said county of Hereford or in the
Marches adjacent thereto. His son Philip is his next
heir and is of the age of 12 years and more. John
Skydmore, Knight, and Griffin Don have occupied the
aforesaid lands and tenements since the death of the said
John Clement and received the profits thereof by virtue
of the King's letters patent granted to them. 1

1 Inq. p. m. 9 Hen. VI, No. 26.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 229

Philip Clement died in his minority. The inquisition
post mortem was taken at Hereford on the Sunday next
before the Feast of the Annunciation (March 24) 1437. His
lands were in the King's hands at the time of his death
because he was under age. The said Philip died on
January 7, 1437; " William Clement is his brother and
heir and was 18 years of age at Christmas last past ;" so
that the age of Philip must have been understated at the
previous inquest. Edmund Bamford, Earl of Mor-
tayngne and Griffith ap Nicolas, Esq. have occupied the
commot of Pennarth and the moiety of that of Generglyn
since the death of Philip and received the profits thereof
by virtue of the King's letters patent. 1

William Clement proved his age in 18 Hen. VI (1440). 2
He died according to one inquisition 3 on the 10th, or
according to another 4 on the 12th, of July 1443, leaving
an only daughter and heiress Matilda who was two years
of age at the time of the former inquisition which was
held on November 4, 1443. Both inquisitions relate to
the manor of Yasor only, and at the later inquisition the
Jurors state that William Clement held no other lands in
the county of Hereford and the Marches than those stated
in the inquisition, no mention being made of Pennarth
or of any lands in the county of Cardigan.

According to the Welsh Genealogists the heiress of the
Clements married John Wogan of Wiston, co. Pembroke,
Esq., son of Sir Henry Wogan (who was slain at the
Battle of Banbury in 1449).

There are several Pedigrees of the Wogans and
Clements given in the Heraldic Visitations of Lewis
Dwnn, 6 and though they are all more or less erroneous
in respect of the previous descents of the Clement family,
they all agree in making the wife of John Wogan to be
Maude, the daughter and heiress of John or Jenkin
Clement, Lord of Tregaron, and Geneurglyn, by his wife
Jane daughter of Griffith ap Nicholas ap Philip ap
Elider. 6 It is hereby suggested that Matilda the

l Inq. p. m. 15 Hen. VI, No. 40. 2 Cal. Inq. 18 Hen. VI, No. 7. Inq. 21 Hen.
VI, No. 3. 4 Inq. 23 Hen. VI, No. 46. 5 Her. Vis. Wai. Vol. II, pp. 42, 43, 90, 91,
106, 107, 108. 6 It will be observed that Griffith ap Nicholas was one of the two
persons to whom the King gave the lands of William son of John Clement, to hold
during the said William's minority. Griffith ap Nicholas was Lord of Newton (or
Dynevor) and grandfather of the famous Sir Khys ap Thomas, K.G., from whom the
present Lord Dynevor derives his descent.



230



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES,



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PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 231

daughter of William son of John Clement died in her
infancy and that the representation of the family
devolved upon her aunt. Sir John Wogan, Knight, of
Wiston, son and heir of John Wogan and Maude Clement,
married Ann, daughter of Sir Thomas Vaughan (who
was beheaded at Pomfret in Yorkshire in 1483), by
whom he had a son Sir John Wogan, Knight, from whom
the families of Wogan, of Wiston, Picton, Stonehall, and
Boulston, descended. 1

Sir Griffith Lloyd, Knight, who is said to have married
another daughter of Canan ap Meredith, was the son of
Sir Rhys ap Griffith, Knight, ap Ednyfed Vychan. 2 He
is said to have been knighted by King Edward I, at
Ehuddlan Castle, on his bringing to him the first intelli-
gence of the birth of his son Edward, viz. at Caernarvon
on April 25, 1284.

By deed dated at Lampadarn, in 1309, Griffinus Lloyd
Knt. sells to the Bishop of the church of St. David his
right to the advowson of the church of Llanrustud in
South Wales, to which are witnesses, the Lord Roger de
Mortimer, then Justice of Wales ; the Lord Philip ap
Howel ; John de Skydemour, then Constable of Lanba-
darn ; Hoel Vathan ; Jevan ap Griff. Gogh ; Geoffrey
Clement ; William de Knovill ; Gruff. Greg ap Jevan ;
Res Veyth ; and others. 3 Sir Griffith Lloyd did homage
for his lands in Wales to the young Prince at Chester,
but at a later period of his life he headed a revolt against
the English. Between the years 1316 and 1318 he
attempted to form an alliance with Edward Bruce, the
shortlived King of Ireland. Letters passed between
them, but without effect ; 4 and in 1322 he took up arms,
and placed himself at the head of his countrymen, when
he took the castles of Mold and Chirk and forming an
entrenchment at Tregarnedd he over-ran the country for
a short time with resistless impetuosity. But the
rebellion was speedily repressed ; Sir Griffith was taken



1 Her. Via. Wall. 2 By charter dated at Caernarvon on April 20, 1284, King
Edward I concedes to Margaret, widow of Res ap Griffith ap Ednevet Vechan and
daughter of John 1'Estrangc, for the term of her life, the whole Lordship of the Vill of
Trefgarned, which had been settled on her by her late husband at the time of her
marriage (Rot. Wall. 12 Edw. I, No. 30). 3 Harl. MS. 1249. 4 Burke's Die. of
Landed Gentry (under Lloyd of Plyniog).



232 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

prisoner, confined for a time in Rhuddlan castle, and
afterwards executed. 1

According to the Heraldic Pedigrees he had by his
wife G-wenllian, 2 daughter of Canan ap Meredith, seven
daughters, namely Lleiki (or Lucy), wife of David
Vychan, or Fongam, of Caieo ; 3 Sybel (or Cicely) wife of
Sir Robert Clement ; Crisli, wife of Sir Gruy de Brian,
Lord of Talacharn (or Laugharne) ; 4 Deili (otherwise
called Marred, or Morvydd), wife of Madoc Cloddaeth ;
G-wenllian, wife of Cadogan ap Howel ap Madoc, of
Melienith ; Philippa, wife of Bleddyn ap Ithel Vychan
of Tegengl; and Elizabeth, wife of Grwyn Lloyd, of
Hendonr. 5 Sir Griffith Lloyd had also a son Sir Jevan
Lloyd, Knight, 6 but not by his wife Grwenllian.



1 Her. Vis. Wall. Vol. II, p. 86, Editor's note. The inquisition after the death of
Gruffinus Lloyd ap Rees was taken at Kermerdyn in 9 Edw. III. He held in fee of the
King in capite the moiety of one manor with the appurtenances in Lanfrdour in
Cantresmaur in the county of Carmarthen hy the service of doing suit at the court of
Carmarthen once a month ; he also held in fee of the King in capitebj the same service
a fifth part of one Westva with the appurtenances in Landrustuth in the commot of
Meveneth in the county of Cardigan. Jevan ap Griffiz ap Rees was his son and heir
(Inq. p. m. 9 Edw. Ill, No. 17). 2 Hengwrt MS. No. 96 ; Salusbury Pedigrees penes
Mr. Joseph Morris. In Lewis Dwnn's Visitations (Her. Vis. Wall. Vol. II, p. 101)
she is called Gwenllian daughter of Cynan ap Owen Gwynedd, hut this is probably a
clerical error. Owen Gwynedd died in 1170 ; it is therefore impossible that his grand-
daiighter could have been the wife of Sir Griffith Lloyd who was living in 1332.
3 For some account of the descendants of David Vychan and Lleiki see Her. Vis. Wall.
Vol. I, p. 230. 4 There is a beautiful monument to Sir Guy de Brian at Tewkesbury ;
and in the church of Laugharne is preserved what is called Sir Guy de Brian's coat,
a very curious ancient cope which may perhaps have been his gift to the Priest serving
the church there (Her. Vis. Wall. Vol. I, p. 45). There were more than one of this
family who bore the name of Guy. One Sir Guy de Brian died in the 35th of Edward
I (1306-7), having married Eva, the daughter and heiress of Henry de Traci, by whom
he had a daughter Matilda, heiress to her mother, which Matilda married Sir Geoffrey
de Camville, son of Sir William de Camville (Original charters of the Family of De la
Roche, of Pembrokeshire, hy Rev. Jos. Hunter and Rev. J. M. Traherne, p. 5 note).
For some account of the Brian family see also Collectanea Topographica et Geuealogica,
Vol. Ill, p. 250 & seq. ; hut I do not find any corroboration of the marriage of Sir
Guy de Brian with a daughter of Sir Griffith Lloyd. 5 For some account of Gwyn
Lloyd, Lord of Hendonr, see Her. Vis. Wall. Vol. II, p. 110 note. See also Burke's
Die. of Landed Gentry, under Hughes of Gwerclas, where, however, he has a different
wife assigned to him. 6 Sir Jevan Lloyd lived in the time of King Edward III, and
is mentioned by Holinshed as " Sir Jevan of Wales." Sir Samuel Meyrick, in a note
to Her. Vis. Wall. Vol. II, p. 86, says that Sir Jevan Lloyd is believed to have been
an illegitimate son of Sir Griffith Lloyd, and he is so described by Burke, in his Die.
of the Landed Gentry ; but this is certainly wrong, for at the inquisition taken after
the death of Gruffinus Thloyd ap Rees in 9 Edw. Ill, it was found that Jevanus ap
Gruffiz ap Rees was his son and heir and forty years of age (Inq. p. m. 9 Edw. Ill,
No. 17).



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 233

LLEWELYN AP OWEN.

Llewelyn ap Owen, son of Owen ap Meredith, the
eldest son of Meredith ap Owen, became, on his father's
death, the representative of the senior line of the Princes



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