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Magna, in the county of Stafford, was found to be held by William de la Pole and
Gladowsa his wife (Huntbache MS. Vol. II). William de la Pole was dead in 33
Edw. I (1305), when the Lady Hawys complained to Edward Prince of Wales
and his council at Kenyngton that the said Prince's officers had lately seized
into the hands of the Prince the vill of Landeboe in Monchei (Mawddwy) which is part
of her dower and which she had given to her son William de la Pole to hold during her
pleasure, so that the said William held it at the time of his death. The answer was
that the usual writ of " diem clausit extremum " would be issued and the Justice would
certify the truth to the Prince. At the same time Wladuse, the widow of William de
la Pole petitions to have her reasonable dower in the free tenement which had belonged to
the said William, her husband in Powis ; as also to have the custody of his lands and
tenements during the minority of his heir, and the marriage of the said heir. The
answer was that her reasonable dower and the custody of the lands would be granted to
her, but as to the marriage of the heir the Prince wishes to take counsel thereon. The
Justice is ordered to cause the said heir to be conducted to the Prince, and the Lord
Hugh d'Audelee pledges himself to bring him before the Justice at the will of the said
Justice, and promises that the said heir shall not be married in the mean while (Record
of Caernarvon, p. 218. The petitions here recorded are erroneously attributed by the
Editor in the Introduction at p. IV to the 33 of Edw. III). In the Nomina Villarum,
of 9 Edw. II (1316) Wladonsa de la Pole is named Lady of Sardon Magna in the
county of Stafford ; and in 13 Edw. II, Wladis, Gladis, or Gladusa de la Pole, was
certified, pursuant to writ tested at Clipston on March 5, as holding the township of
Great Saredon in the county of Stafford (Parliamentary writs). Her tenure of this
estate and the undertaking of Hugh de Audley with respect to the marriage of her son
would seem to favour the notion that she was a member of the Audley family, perhaps
a daughter of Henry, and sister of Nicholas, de Audley of Heleigh, and a sister also of
that Hugh de Audley whose son of the same name was created Earl of Gloucester in
1337. Griffin, son and heir of William de la Pole proved his age in 1319, having been
born at Matheloyt (Mallwyd) and baptized in the church of the said town (Inq. 12
Edw. II, No. 56). In 4 Edw. Ill (1330) the King committed to Griffin, son of William
de la Pole, the office of Sheriff of the county of Merioneth with the appurtenances
(Abbrev. Rot. Orig. p. 39), in which office he was succeeded by Richard de Holond in
the following year. By this time or soon afterwards he had probably succeeded to his
mother's interest at Great Sardon and was doubtless an occasional resident there ; for
between th years 1331 and 1342 he not unfrequently occurs, by the name of Griffin de
la Pole of Sardon, and Griffin Lord of Sardon Magna, as witness to Various deeds of his
neighbours at Shareshull, Little Sardon, and Stretton. In 18 Edw. Ill we find Griffin,
son of William de la Pole, opposing the claim of John de Cherleton to settle other Welsh
estates and Dendor commot (ex inf. Rev. R. Eyton). By deed of December 2, 1352,
he sold the manor of Great Sardon to John Musard, who sold it three weeks afterwards
to Sir William de Shareshull and Dionisia hig wife, to whom it was quit claimed and
confirmed by William, son of Griffin de la Pole on March 10, 1353 (Huatbache MS.
Vol. II).



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 269

William son of Griffin de la Pole, he confirmed to Sir
William Shareshull, Knight, and Dionisia his wife,
the manor of Great Saredon, which had been sold by his
father in December of the previous year. 1 The fruit of
the marriage between William de la Pole and the Lady
of Trefgarn was a son John de la Pole, Lord of Mawddwy,
who inherited his mother's lands and manors at Trefgarn,
Gwynnionith, and elsewhere.

On the Monday after the close of Easter in the seventh
year of Richard II (April 18, 1384), we find John de la
Pole (probably the same person) acting as Justice of
North Wales. 2 A few years later we find him already
married to a great Shropshire heiress, Elizabeth daughter
of Sir Fulk Corbet of Wattlesburgh and Morton Corbet
Knight, who proved her age on the Sunday next after
the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra 13 Richard II (February
28, 1390), as Elizabeth, wife of John de Mowthe. The
Jurors reported that she was born on May 7, 1375, and
baptized in the church of St. Peter at Alberbury. She
was fourteen years and a half at the date of the inquest,
and the said John Mowthe and Elizabeth had as yet no
issue between them. 3 By this marriage John de la Pole
became possessed of most of the ancient Corbet estates
which had hitherto descended to the heirs male of that
family. I suppose that he had been married to her some
years previous to the Inquest ; for as John de Mowethe
he was appointed Sheriff of Shropshire on November 18,
1387, 4 and I suspect that he had no estates in Shropshire
besides those which he acquired in right of his wife.

In 1394, as John, Lord of Mowthey, he enfranchises
his town of Dynas Mowthoy and endows the burgesses
with the usual rights and liberties of a free borough.
His charter is dated at Dynas Mowthoy on February 20,
17 Richard II. 5

Though near of kin to Owen Glendower himself and
yet more nearly related to some of his chief supporters
the Lord of Mawddwy does not appear to have
taken part in their rebellion. His extensive English
interests and the fealty which he owed to his Lord, Sir
Edward de Cherleton, under whom as Baron of Powys he

1 Huntbachc MS. Vol. II. 2 Record of Caernarvon, p. 210. 3 Inq. 13 Eic. II, No.
174. 4 Blake-way's Sherifls of Shropshire. & Hengwrt MS. No. 119.



270 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

held his lands in Merionethshire in capite, will have
prompted him to remain true to his English allegiance ;
and he may very possibly have been identical with
the " Johan Pole " who gives information against Howel
Kethin and other adherents of Owen dwelling in Mont-
gomeryshire and on the Welsh borders of Shropshire. 1
His English sympathies will have rendered him
obnoxious to his cousin Owen, who devastated his lands
at Mawddwy and in the Marches and drove away his
tenants. John de Mawddwy, alias de la Pole, died on
November 3, 1403, leaving issue, by his wife Elizabeth
Corbet, a son and heir Fulk de Mawddwy and an only
daughter Elizabeth, who afterwards became her brother's
heir. The Inquest post mortem taken at Hereford (i. e.
Haverford West) in December, 1405, states that he held
on the day of his death the manor of Trevegar (Trefgarn
Owen) with the appurtenances within the Marches of
Wales in West Wales, which was of the annual value of
20 merks, but of whom the said manor was held or by
what service the Jurors were altogether ignorant. 2 The
Shropshire Inquest states that he held, for term of life
by the law of England, as of the inheritance of Elizabeth,
formerly his wife, the manors of Yokulton, Shelve, and
Wentenore, with their appurtenances, together with a
fourth part of the Forest of Cawes, in the county of Salop,
the reversion whereof belonged to Fulk son of the said
John and Elizabeth, as son and heir of Elizabeth. The
said manors &c., were held of the King in capite by
military service, and their annual value was about 30
and not more because they lay on the confines of the
county beyond the limits and bounds of the Welsh
Marches, and were devastated from day to day and partly
burned by the Welsh rebels. He held also the manor of
Watelesburgh', with the appurtenances, for term of life
as before, of the Earl of Stafford (now under age and in
the King's custody) as of his castle of Cawes by military
service ; which said manor was of the annual value of
10 at the present time and not more because it lay on
the confines of the aforesaid county over the limits and
bounds of the Welsh Marches and the tenants of the said

1 Montgomeryshire Collections, Vol. IV, pp. 328, 329. 2 Inq. 5 Hen. IV, No. 34.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 271

manor had gone away for fear of the malice of the Welsh
rebels. He held also the manor of Hemme in the same
county, for term of life as before, of the Lord King
in capite, at an annual rent of 3s. payable to the Sheriff
of the county for the time being ; which manor was of
the annual value of about 2 and not more. He held
also the hamlet of Bradeshull with the appurtenances,
for term of life as before, of a certain John de Eyton, at
an annual rent of 10s., which hamlet was of the annual
value of about 20s. and not more. He held also in
demesne as of fee the Lordship of Mouthe with the
appurtenances, in the Marches of Wales adjacent to the
said county, which was held of Edward, Lord Powys, by
military service as of his castle of Pole ; which said
Lordship was as yet of no annual value, because it had
been wholly devastated by the aforesaid rebel Welshmen.
The said John Mowthe died on Saturday the morrow of
All Saints' last past ; and Fulk son of the late John and
Elizabeth his wife, was heir to both his father and mother.
The said Fulk was fourteen years of age and more at the
the time of his father's death, having been born at
Watelesburgh, in the aforesaid county of Salop, on the
Monday next after the Feast of St. Bartholomew the
Apostle, 12 Richard II, and baptized in the Parish Church
of Alberbury. 1 But from what follows it would seem that
the Jury were not rightly informed as to the age of the heir.
The writ ordering the inquest at which Fulk had to prove
his age was issued on September 26, 1412, and held at
Salop on Thursday before All Saints' (October 27) of the
same year. 2 It was there proved that he was born at
Wattelesburgh on the Thursday after the Feast of St.
Matthew, 14 Richard II (September 22, 1390), and
baptized in the church of Alberbury. He was therefore
twenty-one years of age and more.

Fulke de Mowethe, who thus proved his age in 1412,
died without issue about two years afterwards, leaving a
widow Isabella, who was remarried to Richard de Peshale,
and an only sister and heiress Elizabeth. Elizabeth de
Mowethe (alias de la Pole) married Hugh Burgh, Esq. ;
and in the third of Henry V the said Hugh Burgh and

l Inq. 5 Hen. IV, No. 34. 2 Inq. 13 Hen. IV, No. 50 (ex inf. Rev. R. Eyton).



272 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

Elizabeth his wife held the manors of Shelve, Yockleton,
and Wentnor, of the King in capite, 1 and two thirds of all
the lands which had been held by Fulke de Mowethe.
The other third was held in dower by Isabella the widow
of Fulk.

In the same year a final concord was made at the
Session of Stephen, Lord Bishop of St. David's, on the
Thursday next before the Feast of St. Lawrence 3 Henry V
(August 8, 1415), before Thomas Touher, deputy for
John Merbury, Seneschal of the lands of the Bishoprick
of St. David's, Sir John Wogan, Knight, and other lieges
of the said Lord Stephen ; between John Biriton, Philip
Lloyd, and John Lloyd, clerks, complainants, and Hugh
Burgh and Elizabeth his wife, defendants, of lands in
Gilbergh. The demandants acknowledged them to be
the right of Elizabeth, and for this recognition the said
Hugh and Elizabeth granted that the third part thereof,
which Richard Peshale and Isabella his wife, late wife of
Fulco Moutho, brother of the said Elizabeth, then held
as of the dower of the same Isabella, should remain to the
demandants. 2

In the 6th of Henry VI (1418-19) Hugh Burgh and
Elizabeth his wife appointed attorneys to receive seisin
of various manors and lands, namely, West Tr auger',
Lambston apud montem jux : le dale, Dale and Walton
in Roos, Gylbergh, Guy on Iskerdyn, Dyhewidd, &c.,
of the dower of Isabel, late wife of Fulco de Moutho. 3

In the 9th of Henry V Richard de Peshale acknow-
ledges to have received from Hugh Burgh 14 merks
6s. 8d. of a rent of 29 merks for the third part of all the
lands which were of Fulco de Mouthe, late husband of
Isabella now his wife, in the counties of Pembroke and
Cardigan, and the Lordship of Har'ford (Haverf ord West),
and Seynt David in South Wales, and the Lordship of
North Wales. 4



t Duke's Antiquities of Shropshire. 2 Newport Evidences, amongst the Blakeway
MSS. at the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 3 Ibid. The lands in South Wales which
came to Hugh Burgh by his marriage with the Lady of Mawddwy are described in a
MS. of the late Mr. Joseph Morris as, Trefgarn cum memhris (viz. Trefgarn, Gilleugh,
Dyflryn-Taf, High Hilton and Symondeston, Snaylton, Le Dale, Le Hill, Bykton,
Sutton, Walton, Lamberton, and Herbraundston) in South Wales ; Eeiner's Castle ;
and Gwynnyonyth cum membris (viz. Westva [de Gwynnionith ?] and Westva
Syhewyd) in the county of Cardigan. 4 Ibid.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 273

Elizabeth Burgh was living in 1 Henry VI (1422-3), 1
but dead before October 26, 1430, when the inquest was
taken after the death of Isabella, the widow of Fulk de
Mouthe. The said Isabella died without issue, October
5, 8 Henry VI (1429), and John Burgh, son of the said
Elizabeth, was found to be her heir in respect of the lands
held by her in dower as above mentioned ; which John
was sixteen years of age on June 12, 1430. The Jury
further reported that Hugh Burgh, Esq., had occupied
the said third part of the lands of the said Fulk from
the time of the said Isabella's death, by virtue of the
King's letters patent, and that he had received the
profits thereof. 2

Hugh Burgh died within a year of the death of his
sister in law, viz. on August 18, 1430. The inquest after
his death was held at Salop at the same time as that on
the death of Isabella, namely, on October 26, 1430, and
before the same Jury. He held for term of life, by the
law of England, after the death of Elizabeth late his wife,
of the inheritance of John Burgh, son and heir of the
same Elizabeth, two parts of the manors of Shelve,
Wentenore, Yokelton, and the hamlet of Stretton as a
member of Yokelton, and two parts of the fourth part
of the Forest of Cawes, in the county of Salop, and
two parts of 40s. annual rent and of a rent of 3 dwts.
of gold, with the appurtenances in Kynwarton and
Strycheley in the same county, which said manors &c.,
are held of the King in capite by military service. But
the value of these manors, hamlet, fourth part, and rents,
are described as being much depreciated because they
had been laid waste in the time of the wars by the rebel
Welshmen, and were still for the most part waste on
account of the pestilence and the robberies prevailing in
the Marches. He held also for term of life, by the law
of England as before stated, two parts of the manors of
Heye, Haburley, Lughton, Cardeston, and Watlesburgh
with the appurtenances, and two parts of the advowson
of the church of Haburley and the chapel of Cardeston in
the same county, the value of which were also considerably
depreciated from the same causes. He held also, for term
of life as before, a pasture called Bradeshull, containing

MS. No. 119. 2 Inq. 9 Hen. VI, No. 32.

2 I.



274 PEINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

62 acres, two parts of the manor of Hemme and of the
hamlet of Hynyton as a member of Hemme in the same
county, two messuages with the appurtenances in
Halughton juxta Haghmon, 20s. of annual rent issuing
from various lands and tenements in Leighe Subt 5 Brok-
hurst in the same county, as also the moiety of two mills
at Brocton in the same county. He held also, for term
of life as before, two parts of the Lordship of Mouthe,
with the appurtenances in the Marches of Wales, in the
land of Powis, adjacent to the said county, which Lord-
ship with the appurtenances, is held of the Lord of Powis,
as of his castle of Pole, by the service of an annual rent of
13s. 4< in the name of aid in castle-building ; and the
annual value of the said two parts of the said Lordship is
8 merks and not more by reason of their having been
wholly destroyed by the rebel Welshmen in the time of
the wars. The reversion of all the aforesaid lands and
tenements belonged to John Burgh as son and heir of the
said Elizabeth. And the said John Burgh was heir of
Hugh, as well as of Elizabeth his wife. 1

Hugh Burgh, who married the heiress of John de
Mawddwy or Mouthe, is derived in a Pedigree in the
Visitation of Shropshire, 1564 (preserved in the Harleian
MSS. No. 1241) from the family of Burgh, afterwards
Barons Burgh of Gainsborough, descended, as it is said,
from Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent. A document pre-
served amongst the Halston Papers proves him, says
Blakeway, 2 to have been of the county of Westmoreland.
It is a pardon to Hugh Burgh, of the County of Westmore-
land, of all rebellions, &c., &c. ; and its being preserved
amongst the family papers at Halston must evidently lead
to the conclusion that this was the Hugh de Burgh in
question. It is dated at Westminster Nov. 24 anno regni
mei vij . . . per ipsum Regem et consilium. Blakeway
supposes the King to have been Henry IV.

John Burgh, Lord of Mawddwy, the son and heir of
Hugh and Elizabeth, proved his age at Shrewsbury on
June 28, 1435. He was twenty-one years of age on
June 12 last past, having been born at Wattlesburgh and
baptized in the church of the same vill. One of his spon-
sors was John, Lord Talbot, who gave to him, on his

1 Inq,. 9 Hen, VI, No. 47. 2 Blakeway' s Sheriffs of Shropshire, p. 66.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 275

baptismal day, a cup of silver gilt with a cover ; Law-
rence Merbury was his other godfather, and the Lady
Joan Prayres, was his godmother. 1

This John Burgh was a person of great magnificence,
and living at the time when Henry VI exercised a pre-
carious authority over France, he, in common with other
eminent Englishmen, entitled himself after a seigniory in
Normandy. His seal is circumscribed S. J. Burgh, Sr.
d. olonde ps. le Chastel de Chirbourgh. (The seal of John
Burgh Lord of Olonde, near the Castle of Chirbourgh). 1
His seal appended to a deed relating to the Priory of
Alberbury, dated March 21, 1461, has thereon a lion
rampant in a border indented, with the legend " S.
Johannis Burgh." These were the arms of his mother's
family, the Princes of Powis. The arms of Burgh of
Mawddwy, as they have always been quartered by his
descendants, are azure, a chevron between 3 fleur de lys
ermine. 3

Sir John Burgh was four times Sheriff of Shropshire,
namely in the year 1442, being not then a Knight ; in
1449 when he was appointed as Sir John Burgh, Knight ;
in 1453 ; and again in 1463-4. In the last instance he
held office for two years. 4 Sir John increased his great
estates by marrying Joane, the younger daughter and
coheir of Sir William Clopton, of Radbroke, Knight,
whereby he acquired the manors of Radbroke and Clop-
ton in the county of Gloucester, and divers other lands
and manors in the counties of Warwick and Worcester. 5

Sir John Burgh died in 1271, and as he left no male issue
his ample inheritance descended to his four daughters or
their issue ; of whom Elizabeth, the eldest daughter,
married William Newport, of High Ercall in the county
of Salop, Esq., and died before her father; Ankaret the

1 Inq. 13 Hen. VI, Xo. 43. 2 Blakeway's Sheriffs. * These are almost the same as
the arms of Burgh of Gainsborough, having only the addition of a chevron as a mark of
difference. * Blakeway's Sheriffs. 6 Sir William Clopton, of Clopton and Radbroke,
in the county of Gloucester, Knight, who died on October 7, 1419 (Inq. 7 Hen. 5, No.
46) was the son and heir of John de Clopton by his wife Julian, daughter and heiresa
of John de Morehall by his wife Agnes daughter and eventual heiress of Sir Walter
Beysin of Billingsley, in the county of Salop, Knight. Sir William Clopton married
Joane daughter and coheir of Alexander Besford, of Besford, in the county of Worcester,
Knight, and left, with a son Thomas who died S.P., two daughters, coheirs to their
brother; of whom Agnes married 1st Roger Harewell, of Woolton Wawen, co. "War-
wick and 2ndly Thomas Herbert ; and Joane married Sir John Burgh, of Mawddwy,
Knight.



276 PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES.

second, married John Leighton, of Leighton, in the same
county, esq.; Isabella, the third, married Sir John Lingen,
of Lingen in the county of Hereford, knt. ; and the
youngest daughter, also named Elizabeth, married
Thomas Mytton, esq., of Shrewsbury. The Salop in-
quest stated that Sir John died on Saturday the eve of
Pentecost (June 2), 1471, and that John Newport, son and
heir of Elizabeth, one of his daughters and heirs, was of
the full age of twenty-one years and more at the Feast of
the Blessed Virgin Mary last past ; Thomas Leighton, son
and heir of John Leighton and Ankaret late his wife,
another of his daughters, and heirs, was of the age of
eighteen years and no more at the Feast of the Nativity
of our Lord last past ; Isabella, wife of John Lyngen,
knt., third of the daughters and heirs of the aforesaid
John Burgh, was of the age of thirty years and more ;
and Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mitton, the fourth daughter
and heir, was of the age of twenty-six years. 1

The estates of Sir John Burgh were not divided
between his coheirs until some years after his death.
Among the Loton Papers is preserved a singular letter
on the subject of the partition, from Sir John Lyngen
to Sir Thomas Leighton, written in 16 Henry VII.
" To my ryght worshipfull cosen Sir Thomas Leghton
[be] this delivered in all hast. Right worshipfull Syr,
I recomaunde me unto you desyring to here of yo r
prosperitie, whiche Jh'u p'serve, Amen. Lettyng you
to underston that my brother Mytton and my nevow
John Newporte hath wryttyn unto me to have partyc'on
of all the londs that wher my fader in law Sir John
Bourgh's, and my lady ys wyff : and I have wryttyn
unto them under this form ; that we shold have a
mettyng, and there to have a comynycac'on for the
partyc'on of said londs, and to put the 4 partyse of the
londs equally devydyd in waxe, and so to take the parts
therof as fortune comythe : yf so be that they fynde eny
defaute in the mackyng of the books of partyc'on lett
them amend hytt. Also I have poynted the plase of
mettyng at Lodlow, the 7th day of the rnony the of May,
and yf so be that ye wylle be greable therto, praying
yow to sende me in wryttyng under yo r seale whether

i Loton MSS.



PRINCES OF SOUTH WALES. 277

ye wylle be greable or no, by rny serv*, the whyche shalle
bring yow aonswere betwixte this and Estyr, as avoute
the maryage betwixte my cosyn Acton and my dortyre
Jane. No more unto yow at this tyme, but Jh'u p'serve,
Amen. Yo r lovyng wncull, John Lyngen, knyght."

The proposition contained in Sir John Lyngen' s letter
was apparently well received. The meeting doubtless
took place at the time appointed and resulted in an in-
denture quadripartite, made the 12th day of May, 1501,
" betweene John Lingen, knight, and Isabel his wif, one
of the daughters and heires, as well of John Burghe,
knight, as of Jane his wif, one of the daughters and heires
of William Clopton, knight, on that one parte, and
Thomas Leighton, knight, sonne and heire of Ankerete,
on other of y e daughters and heires of the saide John
Burghe and Jane his wif on y e second parte, and John
Newport, esq., sonne and heire of Elizabeth, the third
daughter and one of the heires of the same John Burghe
and Jane his wif, on the third parte, and Thomas Mytton,
Esq., late husband of Elizabeth, the fowerth daughter
and one of the heires of the s d John Burghe and Jane his
wif, and William Mitton, sonne and heire of the s d
Thomas Mytton and heire of the same Elizabeth his wif
on the fourth parte "; whereby the estates of the late Sir
John Burgh and Joan Clopton his wife were divided
between them in the following manner ; namely, Sir
John Lingen and Isabel his wife had "the lordshippes and
manors of Yocelton and Stretton, w th the myll and the
parke parte of the fforest of Cawes, Kynn r ton, Sturchley,
Wentnor w th the advowson of the churche, Graven or,
Overs, Shelve, and the fourth parte of Walton, w^in the
countie of Salop, lands and hereditaments in Yockleton,
Stretton, Cawes, Kynn'ton, Sturcbley, Wentnor, Gravenor,
Overs, Shelve, and the fourth parte of the lands and
tenements in Walton, wi th the appurtenances in the sayd
countie," as the portion which fell to the said Isabel as
daughter and heiress of Sir John Burgh ; and of her
mother's inheritance " the lordshipps and manors of Rod-
broke, Gretston, Wykelfford, Upton Haselor, Exall,
Binton, Barton, Betford, Benhall, and Mykleton, w th in



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