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Helix millieri BOURGUIGNAT, Description de quelques especes
nouvelles de mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles des environs de
Saint-Martin-de-Lantosque, Alpes-Maritimes, p. 5. (Cannes, 1880).

This species, says Bourguignat, has its analogues in the high AJps
of Lombardy, at Monte Gleno 2,700 meters, Pizzo Tornello, 2,600,
meters, Monte Codena 2,500 meters ; but these are all undescribed.
It resembles H. debettce Adami, but differs in its more open umbilicus,
more angular periphery, more rapidly increasing whorls, more
exactly oblong aperture, the more approaching margins, etc.

Typical specimens from the original locality are before me, col-
lected by Charles Hedley. It is merely a mountain form of H.
foetens, with no differential characters worth mentioning.

H. SUBZONATA Mouss. var. DEPRESSA Bttg. PI. 31, figs. 46, 47.

Differs from the type in the more depressed form, wider umbili-
cus showing all the whorls, the paler color, wide rufous band and



HELIX-CAMPYL^A. 229

persistent hairs over the entire surface ; the suture is narrowly but
distinctly marked with white.

Alt. 14i, greater diam. 27, lesser 22 mill. (Kob. in Rossm., n. f.
v, p. 110, f. 952).

Perithea, northeast Euboea, Greece.

H. CONEMENOSI Boettger. PI. 25, figs. 1, 2, 3 ; pi. 31, figs. 52, 53.

Shell depressed-globose, umbilicated, solid, green-straw-yellow
with a rather narrow chestnut-brown band above the periphery.
Surface obliquely striatulate, and showing under a strong lens,
obsolete, dense, spiral striation. Spire convex. Whorls 5, the
earlier slowly, the last very rapidly widening, rather inflated,
deeply descending in front. Aperture very oblique, oval ; peristome
white, somewhat thickened within, outer margin expanded, basal
margin reflexed, columellar margin much dilated, partly concealing
the umbilicus, which is about one-eleventh the diameter of the shell.

Alt. 18, diam. 31 mill.

Santameri, Achaia, Greece.

H. conemenosi BTTG., Nachr. D. M. Ges. xvii, p. 120, 1885.
KOBELT, Rossm. Icon. n. f. v, p. 108, f. 945, 946. H. conemenosi
var. acarnanica KOB., 1. c. p. 109, f. 947.

Figures 1-3 are drawn from a specimen received from Conemenos.
The species is distinguished by its greenish color, well rounded peri-
phery, and the minutely granulose first (apical) whorl.

Var. ACARNANICA Kobelt. PI. 31, figs. 50, 51.

Shell much smaller than the type, hardly shining, spire higher;
aperture piriform-ovate, the margins much approaching.

Alt. 16, greater diam. 29, lesser 24 mill. ..

jEtoliko, Acarnania.

H. BROEMMEI Kobelt. PL 31, figs. 54, 55, 56, 57.

Shell openly and deeply umbilicate, but the umbilicus partially
covered by the columellar margin ; depressed-globose, nearly circular
in circumference, roughly and irregularly ribbed-striate, and seen
under a strong lens to be finely granulated by short transverse lines ;
little shining, rather solid, horn-brown with a broad light middle
zone bordered on each side with darker, in which runs a sharply
defined chestnut-brown band ; spire convex with small, submamillar
apex ; whorls 6, slightly convex, rather slowly increasing, separated
by a suture at first linear, but becoming more deeply impressed, and



230 HELIX-CAMPYL^EA.

very narrowly margined with white ; last whorl large, nearly equally
rounded above and below, abruptly and strongly deflected in front.
Aperture oblique, broadly round-ovate, moderately lunate ; brown-
ish-white within, showing the band ; peristome roof-like above ;
outer and lower margin reflected ; columellar margin callously thick-
ened, dilated above and vaulted over a part of the umbilicus.
(Kob.). Alt. 21 J, greater diam. 33, lesser 28 mill.

Klissura Pass, AJcarnania, Greece.

H. broemmei KOB. in Rossm. Icon. n. f. p. 108, f. 943, 944.

Allied to H. conemenosi.

H. PERITRICHA Boettger. PL 25, figs. 10, 11, 12.

Differs from H. argentellei in being a little higher, the upper
whorls less convex, sutures less impressed, aperture a little wider ;
sculpture wholly different from that of argentellei, consisting of a
broad peripheral band of short, stiff brown hairs, easily rubbed off,
when they leave distinct hair-scars.

Alt. 1SJ-16, diam. 25i-29 mill.

Near Omblo and Kalandritsa, Achaia.

H. argentellei var. peritricha BTTG., Nachr. Bl. D. M. Ges. xvii,
1885, p. 118. KOBELT, Rossm. Icon. n. f. v, p. 79, f. 889. H.per-
itricha KOBELT, 1. c., p. 110, f. 948-951.

In Kobelt's last cited publication he says that the study of ample
material has enabled him to separate the small horn-colored
Canpylseas of Middle Greece from the H. argentellei of Southern
Greece and from H. subzonata ; and to establish their claim to
specific rank under the name peritricha, the chief character of which
is the broad equatorial zone of hairs or hair-scars.

H. KRUEPERI Boettger. PL 31, figs. 48, 49.

Shell rather narrowly umbilicate, the umbilicus about one-eighth
the shell's diameter ; subdepressed-globose, rather thin, hardly
translucent, pale olive-yellow with an indistinct chestnut-brown
band which has no accompanying pale band. The entire surface is
rather thickly beset with short, somewhat recurved hairs, of which
there are about nine upon a square millimeter. Spire depressed,
convex, but the apex rather acute ; there are 5 rapidly increasing
whorls, which are convex and separated by an impressed suture ;
the sculpture is a distinct, rather rough striation ; last whorl very
wide, double as wide as the preceding, well rounded below, strongly



HELIX-IBERUS. 231

deflected in front. Aperture oblique, broad, of a somewhat irregu-
larly broad-ovate form; peristome whitish, slightly thickened,
expanded throughout, somewhat reflected above ; upper and outer
margins well rounded ; basal margin rather straightened, reflected,
the margins approaching, connected by a thin callus ; columellar
margin oblique, much dilated, covering one-third of the umbilicus.
(Bttg.). Alt. 17, greater diam. 32, lesser 24 J mill.

Taygetos, Greece.

H. (Campy Icea) kruperi BTTG., Nachr.-Bl. D. M. Ges. 1891, p. 84.
KOBELT, Rossm. Icon. n. f. v, p. 110, f. 953'.

It is well distinguished from H. comephora Bgt. by the more
rapid increase of the whorls and especially the dilation of the last
whorl ; but as it is founded upon a single individual (the one figured),
and as Mr. Kriiper has since found the true comephora (which
name being etymologically incorrect has been changed to " comytho-
phora " by Boettger) in the same place, it is not unlikely that the
kruperi is merely an abnormal or pathologic phase of Bourguignat's
species. r

H. POUZOLZI Desh. (Vol. IV, p. 87). The group of which this
species is the type has been monographed by M. Bourguignat,
(Bull. Soc. Mai. Fr. 1888, p. 203), who recognizes 18 species, most
of which are merely individual variations, but some are local races
or varieties. The following names are adopted : H. dinarica Bgt.
(=pouzolzi Dh. not Payr.), Kuzmici Bgt., pacici Mlldff., pellanica
Bgt., montenegrina Ziegl., serbica Mlldff., adriatica Bgt. bosnica Bgt.
(=bosniensis Kob.), varronis Bgt., tchernagorica Bgt., diocletiana
Bgt., soccaliana Bgt., sabljari Bgt., horatii Bgt., biagioi Bgt., breno-
ica Bgt., daniloi Bgt., cantrainei Bgt. The three names, If. dalm-
atina Parr., gravosaensis Miihlf., ragusana Fer. are mentioned by
Bgt. as applied to species of this group, but not accompanied by
descriptions.

Section IBERUS Montfort (Vol. IV, p. 201.)

H. TALAMONICA Kobelt. PI. 34, figs. 65, 66.

Shell narrowly and nearly covered umbilicate, depressed-globose ;
solid, but not very thick; closely, subregularly ribbed-striate,
smoother beneath ; shining ; buff-white, having four bands, the
three upper interrupted ; spire convex, apex small, white ; whorls
5, convex, regularly increasing, separated by a linear hardly impressed



232 HELIX-IBERUS.

suture ; the last whorl slightly dilated, rotund, slightly flattened
below, deflected in front ; aperture very oblique, almost circular,
little lunate, white within ; pefistome thin, acute, distinctly lipped
with white inside ; margins converging, joined by a scarcely colored
callus ; upper margin straight ; outer and basal margins little
reflected ; the columellar margin dilated and covering the greater
part of the umbilicus, and slightly tinted with rose at the insertion.
(Kob.)

Alt. 10, greater diam. 16*, lesser 14 mill.

Alt. 9, greater diam. 15, lesser 13 mill.

Rocciedel Telegrafo, summit of Mt. Argentaro.

H. talamonica KOB., Rossm. n. f. v, p. 75, f. 880.

H. CALTABELLOTENSIS Kobdt. PI. 26, figs. 41, 42, 43.

Shell depresed-globular with rather circular circumference, entirely
covered-umbilicate ; the spire slightly conical, the apex small,
smooth, but little projecting. Shell strong, but little shining,
roughly rib-striate, and malleated ; yellowish-white, four-banded, the
upper three bands deep chestnut-brown, interrupted and coalescing
into streaks ; the fourth band upon the under side consisting of square
and arrow-shaped spots; the entire pattern very beautifully distinct.
There are five well-rounded, slowly increasing whorls, which are
separated by a slightly irregularly impressed suture. The last whorl
is somewhat inflated, at the periphery and below convex, suddenly
strongly deflected in front. The aperture is very oblique, lunate-
ovate, and with the exception of the light middle zone deep chestnut-
brown within. The peristome is acute, thin, straight, having a dis-
tinct yellowish-white lip within. The nearly parallel, hardly con-
verging margins are united by a very thin callus. The columellar
margin is arcuate, but the concavity is occupied by a straight com-
pressed fold. The umbilical region is of intense chestnut-brown
color. (Kob.)

Alt. 13, greater diam. 20, lesser 18 mill.

Alt. 12, greater diam. 17, lesser 15 mill.

Caltabellota, Sicily.

H. ( Iberus ?) caltabellotensis KOB., Rossm. n. f. iv, p. 72, f. 644,
645.

This peculiar form is separated from globularis (which is closely
allied in sculpture) by the circular contour and strong inflation, as
well as the umbilical spot.



HELIX-IBERUS. 233

H. SCABRIUSCULA var. VERRUCOSA Monterosato. PI. 26, figs. 39,

40.

A local form, of which Kobelt's figures are copied.

Near Sciacca, Southern coast of Sicily.

H. (Iberus) verrucosa MONTS. MSS., KOBELT, Rossm. Icon. n. f.
iv, p. 73, f. 647.

H. NADORRICA Westerlund. PI. 26, figs. 28, 29.

Shell depressed-trochoidal or inflated-lenticular ; acutely keeled,
umbilicus wholly concealed ; spire low conical, the apex rather
minute, smooth, somewhat mamillar and projecting; solid; nearly
lusterless, closely ribbed-striate, the ribs occasionally bifurcating, the
interstices malleated ; on the base the sculpture is somewhat vermic-
ulate. Greyish-white with indistinct bands and spots of darker
color appearing in the interstices. Whorls 5, increasing slowly and
regularly, and separated by a linear suture which is somewhat deeply
impressed toward the aperture, and is rendered more prominent by
the projecting keel. The upper whorls are smooth and rounded, the
middle have an acute keel and are impressed above it, the last whorl
is inflated, well rounded above and below, with acute compressed
central keel; more inflated behind the aperture, and at the aperture
somewhat constricted, suddenly and deeply deflected. The aperture
is very oblique, ovate, with a sharp angle outwardly, the peristome
being channelled there ; the throat is chestnut-brown ; peristome
acute, having a yellowish-brown thickening within ; the margins con-
verge slowly and are connected by a thin light brown callus ; the
upper margin is simply arcuate, produced forward ; the basal mar-
gin reflected, arcuately ascending, the concavity occupied by an
acute, compressed, truncated fold ; columellar margin dilated at inser-
tion, appressed, having a chestnut-brown umbilical spot. (JBToft.)

Alt. 12i, diam. 19 mill.

Sciacca and Nadorra, South coast of Sicily.

H. bulowi var. nadorrica WESTERL., Fauna, p. 371. KOBELT,
Rossm. Icon. n. f. iv, p. 73. H. tumido$a Monts. MSS., KOB., ibid.,
p. 72, f. 646.

Distinguished from H. paciniana by the more convex whorls and
greater smoothness. Westerlund considers it a form of H. buelowi.

Group of H. sultana.

This group of keeled Iberus is closely allied on one side to H. gualte-
riana of Spain, on the other to the extensive group of H. scabriuscula,



234 HELIX-IBERUS.

in Sicily and Sardinia. All are characterized by keeled whorls and
microscopic spiral striae.

The following forms belong to this group : H. sultana Morel.,
H. leaehii Fer., H. quedenfeldti Marts., H. viola Pons. and H. cul-
minicola Kob.

The specimens of H. sultana before me have two narrow, light-
brown bands below, one or none above.

H. CULMINICOLA Kobelt, MSS. PL 28, figs. 95, 96, 97.

Shell partly-covered perforate, depressed, thick lens shaped, very
strongly carinated, rather thin, soiled whitish with very faint traces
of three bands above, one below the keel. Surface coarsely obliquely
wrinkled above and below, the wrinkles occasionally branching ;
and under a strong lens the whole surface is densely spirally striated.

Spire low-conic, apex obtuse. Earliest H whorls smoother,
corneous-brown, forming an embryonal shell 'of 2 mill, diameter.
Whorls 4-4i, convex below the suture, then concave toward the
peripheral keel, the last whorl wide, convex below, strongly com-
pressed on each side of the prominent carina, rather strongly
deflexed in front.

Aperture very oblique, oval-rhombic, deeply channelled at the
peripheral keel ; peristome thin, white, expanded, becoming reflexed
at the base and columellar margins.

Alt. 10, diam. 20 mill.

Highest peak of the Angera Mts., between Tangier and Tetuan
(John Ponsouby.)

I am indebted to Mr. John Ponsonby for this hitherto unpublished
species. It agrees with H. sultana Morel, in the partly covered
umbilicus ; thin, adnate parietal callus, and small embryonic shell ;
but it differs in being smaller and far more coarsely wrinkled. It
agrees with H. viola in the wrinkled surface, but differs in the
smaller umbilicus and especially in the much smaller embryonic
shell.

H. VIOLA Ponsonby. PL 26, figs. 50, 51, 52.

Shell narrowly umbilicated, depressed, thick lens-shaped, rather
thin, lusterless, whitish with a faint brown band just above the
carina, a narrower band above it and another below the suture ;
below the cariua there is a faint band. Surface very coarselg rudely
wrinkled above and below, the wrinkles oblique, irregular, sometimes






HELIX-IB ERUS. 235






branching ; and under a strong lens the whole surface is seen to be
densely spirally striated.

Spire low-conic, apex obtuse. Earlier li whorls horny, subcon-
vex; lacking wrinkles, and forming a comparatively large nuclear
shell, about 4 mill. diam. Following whorls wrinkled, rather
rapidly widening, flat ; the last having a strongly compressed periph-
eral carina, swollen below, deeply descending in front. Aperture
very oblique, ovate-rhombic, its contour hardly interrupted by the
parietal wall; lip thin, expanded, continued in a free lamella across
the parietal wall. Alt. 10, diam. 22 mill.

Angera (Andjera) Mis. northern Morocco.

H. viola PONS., in KOB., Nachrichtsbl. D. M. Ges. xxi, p. 12,
1889; Rossm. Icon. n. f. iv, p. 74, f. 648.

This species belongs to a small African group which comprises H.
sultana, H. culminicola and H. viola. It is distinguished from the
former two by the wider umbilicus, slightly elevated parietal wall
of the aperture, and especially by the much larger size of the
embryonal shell, the junction of which with the after-growth is
marked in all these forms by a rather sudden but irregular widening
of the whorl. My description is from specimens received from
Ponsonby.

H. QUEDENFELDTI v. Martens. PI. 34, figs. 67-71.

Shell covered imperforate, carinated, globose-lens-shaped, solid
but not thick, sculptured with oblique close riblets parallel with the
aperture, which disappear toward the umbilicus; grayish-brown
having five interrupted subobsolete brown bands ; spire roof-shaped,
apex rather large, smooth. Whorls 4, rapidly increasing, the first
smooth, convex, the following flattened, encircled by a thick, more
or less prominent keel ; last whorl large, angulate, inflated below,
abruptly deeply deflected in front ; the carina disappearing on the
latter part of the body-whorl. Aperture very oblique, subcircular,
little lunate ; peristome shortly expanded, whitish ; margins much
converging, joined by a distinct callus; the upper and outer equally
arched ; basal dilated, appressed. (Kob.~)

Alt. 10, greater diam. 17, lesser 14 mill.

Misselata, Tripoli.

H. quedenfeldti MTS., Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde zu Berlin
1890, p. 79. KOBELT, Nachr.-Bl. D. M. Ges. 1890, p. 213 ; Rossm.
Icon, v, p. 76, f. 881, 882 ; Nachr.-Bl. 1891, p. 140.



236 HELIX-IBERUS.

This interesting species may belong to the group of H. sultana
Morel., but it differs from the species of that group in the more
inflated form and the presence of five bands, instead of four, the
normal number in Ibcrus. Kobelt, who has studied and figured the
type specimens, believes that it may prove to be a second species of
the group Allognathus.

** *

H. RIDENS Martens. (Vol. IV, p. 210). PI. 26, figs. 25, 26, 27.

H. SARDONIA Martens. (Vol. IV, p. 204). PI. 26, figs. 33, 34, 35,
36, 37.

H. SARDONIA var. DORGALIENSIS Maltzan. PI. 26, fig. 36.

H. BUELOWI Maltzan. (Vol. IV, p. 225). PL 26, figs. 30, 31, 32.

H. SUBURBANA Paulucci. (Vol. IV, p. 217). PL 26, figs. 43, 45,
46. Kobelt (Kossm. Icon, iv, p. 6, 7) holds that this is specific-
ally distinct from cenestinensis.

H. ISAR.E Paulucci. (Vol. IV, p. 215). PL 26, figs. 47, 48, 49.

H. MAGNETTII Cantraine. (Vol. IV, p. 215, 216, pi. 54, figs. 22, 23.)
Kobelt restores this name to the " hospitans Bonelli " of Mme.
Paulucci, which was never described by Bonelli.

H. ROLLEI Maltzan. (Vol. IV, p. 225). PL 34, figs. 72, 73.

H. WEBERI Kobelt. This name is proposed to supercede that of
platycheloides Kob., the latter being preoccupied for a fossil
species.

H. JEGOPINOIDES Maltzan. PL 28, figs. 91-94.

See Vol. IV, p. 232, where this species is described under Levant-
ina. I am indebted to Mr. Ponsonby for specimens of this remark-
able species, which turns out to belong to the genus Zonites. Kobelt
has proposed a sectional name Cretozonites for it; see also
Westerlund, Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1892, p. 26.

Section Levantina Kobelt. (Vol. IV, p. 226.)

H. WERNERI Rolle. PL 38, figs. 88, 89, 90.

Shell entirely covered umbilicate, obliquely depressed, globose,
solid, but not thick ; irregularly rudely striated, striae oblique, more
distinct at the suture ; sculptured with short, transverse impressions



HELIX-IBERUS. 237

and irregularly malleated. Buff-whitish, ornamented with five nar-
row, obscure, interrupted bands ; spire depressed -globose, apex
rather large, obtuse, smooth ; whorls 5&, rapidly increasing, the first
two smooth, round, the following convex with distinctly subserrate
carina in the impressed suture, the penultimate whorl convex ; last
whorl inflated, very indistinctly angulate at the periphery, excavated
at the place of the umbilicus, the base rounded ; in front it descends
slightly at first and then is deeply and abruptly deflected. Aperture
very oblique, broadly rotund-ovate, distinctly lunate ; peristome
acute, narrowly reflected outwardly, basal margin distinctly lipped
with white ; margins converging and joined by a callus which is
usually very thin but sometimes thickened and brown tinted, the
basal margin calloused, dilated, at first obliquely ascending and
sometimes obtusely toothed, then directed vertically or toward the
right, and bounded outside by distinct grooves. (_5To&.)

Alt 27?, greater diam. 36, lesser 30 mill.

Adana, Cilicia.

H. (Levantina) werneri Rolle MSS., KOBELT, Nachr. D. M. Ges.
xxi, 1889, p. 138 ; Rossm. Icon. n. f. iv, p. 76, f. 653-655.

Belongs to the spiriplana group, but is very distinct in the inflated
form.

H. URMIENSIS Naegele. PI. 28, figs. 85, 86, 87.

Shell covered umbilicate, depressed, solid, rudely and closely
striated, showing under the lens spiral lines on the upper part of the
last whorl toward the aperture, here and there malleated ; having a
satin like lustre ; bluish-white, having very obsolete brown bands
and scattered brownish-black dots; spire little elevated, apex large,
obtuse, bright reddish- corneous ; whorls 4?, separated by a linear
subimpressed suture, slightly convex, hardly carinated ; the last
compressedly rotund, descending in front, and then suddenly much
deflected ; base slightly convex or somewhat flattened ; aperture very
oblique, rounded-ovate, lunate; peristome slightly reflected through-
out, thickened with whitish, somewhat obtuse; the margins converg-
ing, joined by a very thin callus ; basal margin thick, reflected, hav-
ing a tooth-like fold within, broadly dilated at the insertion and
almost closing the umbilicus. (JTofr.)

Alt. 16, greater diam. 30, lesser 25 mill.

Province Urmiah, northern Persia.

H. urmiensis Naegele MSS., KOBELT, Nach. D. M. Ges. xxi, 1889,
p. 139 ; Rossm. Icon. n. f. iv, p. 75, f. 651, 652.



238 HELIX-POM ATIA.

Allied to H. ceratomma Pfr., but having a wider umbilical chink,
the lip-terminations more approaching, joined by a thin (in old
examples a thick) callus ; the spiral sculpture is developed only on
the last whorl above, and is much weaker ; and the aperture is less
oblique.

H. NINIVITA Galland. PI. 34, figs. 55, 56, 57.

Shell broadly umbilicated (the umbilicus much dilated toward the
aperture and elliptical), depressed, slightly convex ; strongly
striated above, finely below ; unicolored whitish or gray-white, with
faint white flecks and two interrupted chestnut-brown bands.
Whorls 5, irregularly increasing, the first two flattened, acutely
keeled at the suture, the following narrowly coiled, somewhat con-
vex, the last whorl very large, rounded, elevated above the penult-
imate in front and then deeply descending. Aperture very oblique,
transversely oval-rotund ; peristome continuous, thick, broadly
expanded and reflexed.

Alt. 10, diam. 39 mill. ( Wester Q

Mossul, Kurdistan.

H. ninivita GALL., Bull. Soc. Mai. Fr. 1885, p. 234, t. 7, f. 9-11.
WESTERL. Fauna, p. 396.

Section POMATIA Beck (Vol. IV, p. 232.)

H. MAZZULOPSIS Ancey, u. sp. PL 46, figs. 41, 42.

Shell globose conoid, higher than broad, imperforate, rather thin ;
whitish-corneous under a very thin (deciduous ?) yellowish cuticle,
with 5 dark brown bands, the 3d and 4th wider; and sculptured with
very unequal, irregularly spaced, opaque white, oblique wrinkles.
Spire conoidal, apex obtuse, the earlier 1 whorls smooth, corneous,
brown at the sutures; following whorls banded and wrinkled, very
rapidly increasing, the last sloping above, ventricose below, descend-
ing in front. Aperture oblique, ovate, showing the bands within ;
lip simple, thin; columella broadly arcuate.

Alt. 32, diam. 27 mill.; oblique alt. of aperture 25 mill.

Alt. 38, diam. 32 mill. ; oblique alt. of aperture 28 mill.

Jurjura Mts., Algeria.

This species differs markedly from H. mazzulii in the coarse,
unequal, unevenly spaced white wrinkles. It resembles the Sicilian
species in contour. I have been unable to find any description or



HELIX-POMATIA. 239

mention of this form in the literature, but it is an unusually well-
marked species.

H. AMBIGUA Parr. var. ^ETOLICA Kobelt. PL 46, figs. 38, 39.

Differs from the type in being larger, more dilated, the spiral
lines almost completely absent ; bands 5, either all confluent on the
latter part of the whorl, or the upper and lower ones uniting to form
two wide bands. (Kob., in Rossm. Icon. n. f. v, p. 106, f. 936, 937.)

Alt. 41, greater diam. 41, lesser 35 mill.

Alt. 42, greater diam. 45, lesser 37 mill.

Environs of Vrachori, Aetolia, Greece.

The lettering on Kobelt's plate is " H. ambigua var. acarnanica"

H. VALENTINI Kobelt. PL 46, figs. 58, 59.

Shell imperforate, conic-globose, solid, thick, smooth, but showing
close fine spiral lines under the lens, and rather blunt regular lines
of growth ; here and there malleated ; whitish, stained here and
there with reddish-brown, having five reddish subequal bands, the
second and third becoming confluent toward the aperture ; spire
elevated, conical, apex large, white, flattened; whorls 5, convex,
separated by irregularly and slightly impressed suture, regularly and
rather rapidly increasing, the last large, deeply descending in front ;
aperture oblique, lunate, rounded, bluish-white within, showing the


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