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George Warne Labaw.

Preakness and the Preakness Reformed church, Passaic County, New Jersey : a history, 1695-1902, with genealogical notes, the records of the church and tombstone inscriptions online

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WEYN'OLB^ HISTORICAL
GENEALOGY ACTION



ALLEN COUNTY PL B1IC LIBRARY



3 1833 02248 2035



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/preaknesspreakneOOIaba



PREAKNESS AND THE
PREAKNESS REFORMED CHURCH,

PASSAIC C OUNiTY, NEW JERSEY.



A HISTORY.

1695—1902.

With Genealogical Notes, the Records of the Church
and Tombstone Inscriptions.



gkorgk warne labaw,

I'ASTOK OK 1'HIC CHURCH.



N1CW YORK :

Boaku ok Publication ot the Reformed Church in America,
25 ICast Twenty-Second Street.

1902.







[HE REV. GEORGE VV. LAB AW.



D

23537

.5



r

Labaw, George Warne. 1848-

Preaknoss and (lie Preakness Reformed church, Passaic
County, Now Jersey. A history. 1695-1902. With gen-
ealogical notes, (he records of the church and tombstone
inscriptions. By George "Warne Labaw ... New York,
Board of publication of the Reformed church in America,
1902.

vii, 344 p. front, (port.) illus., diagr. 24 cm .
... „;-,.. "Some of tlic authorities consulted": n ivi




Copyright, Novemiiek, 1902,
HY GliOKGli Waknk Lauaw.



; u 8 1 9 9



l'RESS OF CHAUNCEY HOLT, .7 KOSK STREET, NEW VOKK



PREFACE.



The author gives this work to the public fur what it is worth. it
could not hut he incomplete, for all written history is incomplete. There
are inaccuracies and imperfections! in it, of course, hut we have done as
well as we could. Leading a busy life, in this busy and exacting age, we
have been greatly hampered amid all uin varied pulpit, pastoral and other
duties, Loth in gathering our data as well as in afterwards arranging them.

The idea of the book herewith presented originated in connection with
our preparation for Lhe Historical address, delivered Oct. 29, 11)01, on the
occasion of the celebration ol the Preakness Reformed Church Centennial
Anniversary, and which address was published in full in the I'aterson
Cull, November 2, following. Occasions like these in these days arc coni-
ni'iji and we believe the} cannot he made too much of, notwithstanding
the extra work and expense they entail; for the) bring up the past, estab-
lish the present, and in a way. open the future. It would bo well, likewise,
if, as a rub; along with these celebrations, some more permanent record
were made of facts, frequently most important, then brought to the public
attention, but which otherwise inevitably soon puss- beyond the ordinary
human ieeolle< I ion.

More time, labor and patience have been required in the compilation of
this volume than at the beginning we supposed would be necessary; but it
is at last, with great relief to us, in the shape you have it. Anyhow, it is
something which will give much light on the carl) and later conditions
prevailing in this locality and neighborhood. b'ew churches or congrega-
tions have any memorial of the kind, works surely which, when furnished,
should be somewhat appreciated, as we trust this will he more ur less.

We have in a cursor) way gone over as we were able all the call) his-
tory, both seeul.u and religious, ui rie.ikiic-;s and vicinity, and gradually
led up in the building ol the church here, and the organization ol the con-
gregation, then we I raced the pr< gie- - and growth of the community, and
of the ecclesiastical body as well, bringing in the Lord's laborers in the
ministry with the manifold conditions by which, from Una- to time, ihcy
were surrounded; while later we have taken up the several pastorates, and
brought the history down to dale.

The 'Genealogical Notes," which are a prominent feature of the book,
were mainly an aftei thought. These are not genealogies, but simply
"notes" as they profess lo be. One name or family traced at first only a
little way led to another and another, and, as we became interested, the
'"Notes" were expanded, and in some cases carried farther back. The older
families, but not all of them, have received more notice than the later
ones; and those we took up later are in sonic instances more fully treated
than those we gave attention to at lir.-t We have not taken up any family
a second time to any extent, considering when our lir^t work was done that
that should sullice. Necessarily there has bad to be a great deal of cur-
tailment, and a leaving out o-f many names altogether, particularly of



PREFACE.



iv



later generations. Nevertheless, much information concerning nearly all
these can be supplemented from the Church Records given in the appendix.
However, we could ourselves have done comparatively little with
our genealogical work, nor would we have done it, had we not had the
very efficient help of Mr. John Neafie, of New York, who is a Lorn gene-
alogist. We have been days with Mr. Neafie, besides being in correspond-
ence with him for years. The Hon. William Nelson, of Paterson, also
botli personally and through his printed works, has greatly helped us, not
only in the genealogical, but in other departments of our production. Like-
wise the Rev. E. T. Corwin, I). D., of New Brunswick, especially through
"The Corwin Genealogy," and his "Manual of the Reformed Church"
(third edition; the fourth was not out until our work \va., about finished) ;
the Rev. T. W. Welles, 1). D., of Paterson, principally through "The Pastor
and the Church;" the Rev. J. L<\ Folsoin, of Kearny, N. J., through news-
paper articles; Mr. William Roome, of Butler, in different way.-,, as well as
in his "Early Hays and Early Surveys;" Mr. Samuel LI. Demarest, of
Hackensack ; and many others have been of great service to us. And, yet,
with all our help and pains, we could yet little, if any, information in
BOine directions. Naturally, we have culled from various original sources;
most of these, together with the printed authorities referred to, having
been indicated in llie progress of our writing.

In the body of the history we have been as particuhu in the giving
of facts as we thought proper— perhaps in places a little too much so,
while in other places it may be we have not been particular enough. Rut
as we have said, we have done as well as we could, or as our judgment
prompted.

In the Appendix of this work will be found much information that
is belter in punted form than if left confined solely between tin; covers of
old dusty and more or less worn church books, or on marble slabs and
other monuments, which are liable 10 Miller, not only Hum the ravages
of time, but from all sorts oi accidents. Because of these conditions, al-
ready in our researches and endeavors, we have been much hindered and
bailled. and how much more will Ihhs be the ease with other.-: in the future,
unless such information i.-, put in more permanent form?

The cut, of the church, the same as we had on the Centennial programme,
was made from a picture taken by Rev. .). K. Folsom, ..I Kearny, and the
cuts of the Hey and Van Saen house.-, the parsonage and the interior of the
church, from pictures taken by S. R. .Merrill Bensen, son of C. 1). Bensen,
of Preakness. <; K0 w . Labaw.

November, 1902.



SOME OF THE AUTHORITIES CONSULTED.



The Consistorial Minutes and records of various churches, and, among
these especially, the notes of Rev. Garret 0. Schanck (about 1350 ) , in
Consistorial Minutes of the Pompton Plains Church. The Minutes of the
Classes of Bergen before 1838. The Minutes of the Clasps of Passaic.

Memorial Discourse at Opening and Dedication of the Reformed
Church of Pompton Plains, Nov. 22, 1871. Published 1872. By Kev. J. V.
N. Scheuk.

Semi-Centennial Discourse of the Pompton Reformed Church. By
Kev. J. N. Jansen.

Manual of the Reformed Church in America. Third edition, 1879. By
E. T. Coiwin, D. D.

The Corwin Genealogy, 1872. E. T. Corwin, D. D.

East Jersey Under the Proprietors. William A. Whitehead.

A History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, 1882. By \V. Woodford
Clayton, assisted by William Nelson.

Historical Articles in the Paterson Daily Press, Dee. lti, 1871; July
14, 1873; July 1G and 17, 1873.

Historical Paper, by Rev. J. 11. Duryea, D. D., in the Paterson Daily
Guardian. June 9, 18G9.

New Jersey, Past ami Present. John W. Barber.

Historical Collections of the State of New Jersey, 184-1. John W.
Barber and Henry Howe.

Annals of the Clas.sis and Township of Bergen, 'third edition, 1857.
Kev. B. G. Taylor, D. D.

Historical Discourse, by Kev. Win. B. Van Bensehoten, Wyckotf, N. J.
In Bergen County Democrat, March 5 and 12, 1809.

The P.isioi and die Church. By Bo. Hieo. W. Welles, D. D 189o.

Historical Sketch. B) William N'clsou. in Atlas of Passaic County.
E. B. Hyde & Co., New York.

History of the Old Dutch Chinch, at Totowa. William Nelson, 1892.

Early Days and Kaily Surveys of East New Jersey. By William
Koome, 18 'J 7.

Genealoyy of the Dorenius Family in America. William Nelson, H'J7.

The Indians of New Jersey. William Nelson, 1891.

Rev. J. F. Folsoin, Kearny. N. J., Newspaper Articles.

Colonial New York. Philip Schuyler and his Family. By George W.
Schuyler, 1885.

The Physical Geography of New Jersey. By Rollin D. Salisbury, 1895.

Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, N. J. By
Cornelius Burnham Harvey.

History of the First Reformed Dutch Church of Jamaica, lxmg Island.
By Henry Onderdonk, Jr.

New Jersey as a Colony and as a State. Lee.

A History of the Kip Family, 189U. By Rev. P. E. Kip.



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER 1. paok

Early Days 1

CHAPTER II.

Some Old Preakness Families, ami Genealogical A'ulcs 11

CHAPTER 111.

Some EaUr Preakness families, with Brief Notes 80

CHAPTER IV.
Earl} Preaching, Preacheis ami Churches, in the Neighborhood of
Prenkness 107

CHAPTER V.

The Old Church, and the Earliest Preachers in il 117

CHAPTER VI.
The Union of Preakness with Ponds and Wyekolf, and the Pastorale of

Rev. Z. 11. Kuypers 150

CHAPTER Vll.
Rev. John Woods, S. S 157

CI I \ri KR \ 111.

The Pastorate of Rev. John A. 8taals. Part 1 150

CHAPTER IX.
The l',i-i. .rate oi R.v. -John A. Maal.-. Part II 174

in \rri.i; \.

Tlie Pastorati of Rc\. C. 15. Ihirand 190

CHAPTER \l.
The Pastorale of Rev. fcj. T. Cole IS)5

CHAPTER Ml.
The Pastorate of Rev. A. A Zabi Ukie 199

CHAl'TER Mil.
The Pastorate of Rev. I'.. V. D. Wyckoll 20-5

CHAPTER XlV.

The. Pastorate of R< \ . J. Russell Vcrbrycke 210

CHAPTER XV.
Rev. T. A. Beckman, Stated Supply 213

CHAP'l KR \\ I.
The Pastorate of Rev. Geo. W. Labaw 21(5



CONTKNTS.



1'AGIC

APPENDIX 2'1I



CONTAINING

Statistical Table.
List of Elders and Deacons.
List of Treasurers.
The Membership Roll.
Record of Baptisms.
Record of Marriages.
Record of Deaths.
Tombstone Inscriptions:

In Old Graveyard back of the Church.

In New Cemetery south of the Church.

In Hinchman Burying Ground across the road in front of the Church.

In Old Kip Burying Ground in Lower Preakness.

In Corwin Plot adjoining.

In Old Dey Burying Ground in Lower Preakness.

In Doremus Burying Ground in Lower Preakness.

In Ryerson Graveyard, Pacquaiiao.

In Jacobus-Jones Graveyard, Pucquanac.

In Old Graveyard, near Mountain View.



CHAPTER I.



EAKLY l>.\\



Preaknes;?, first and lasi variously spelled, is an Indian name.
According to a tradition in the Berdan family, (James I). Berdan
being our authority), the original Indian spelling was Pra-qua-le^,
and infant "quail woods." The forests of this section, as a fact, it
is said, were full of quail and partridge in early times. Mr.
William Nelson, of Paterson, however, claims that Lhc original
spelling of Prcakness was Pcr-iikunccs, and meant "a young buck, '
a name applied to Second Mountain and the valley west bf it, and
that, in accordance with this designation, the Dutch, early in the
eighteenth century, called Second Mountain, near I.ittle Kails, 'ho
I farteberg, or I leer Mountain.

Probably hoik these spellings are or were correct, referring 10
different periods. By a slew and gradual process of transforma-
tion, in the years that have gone, we have the present spelling,
Preakness. General Washington, in his letters while at the Dey
house known then as "Jiloomsbury,"' or '"Bloonisburg," * in Lower
Preakness, spelled the name Pmckinesa. A few other spellings
have been : Praq-uunass, P rent/ tin new, Pe.rckenoSj Perckenes, Perikn-
nes, Perikeness, Prikaiin, Parikcnis, ParikeneSj Parekenis.Parake-
niSj Pracanesx, Prrcancs*, Prirkeitis. Prrkm'ss, Preackiiexs. Prukc-

ihss I Yt'c7ii IllSit.

The district of count r) designated hy these spellings was origin-
ally obtained In letters patent from the Urown of Great Britain.
After the surrender of .New Netherlands hy the Dutch, to the
British Crown, in IGG-1. James, Duke of Vork, afterwards James II,
on March 2nd, of that same year, secured from his brother, King
Charles II. of England, a charter, which, with other parts, included
all the territory between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers.
James, a little over two months later, June 2-1, by indenture of
lease and re-lease, granted, bargained, and sold unto John, Lord
Berkley, and Sir George Cart a ret, all of what has since been known
as the Slate of New Jersey; and this, as had been the case with
James, carried with il powers of government, as well as possession
of the territory. Berkley, after a while becoming dissatisfied with



Seu under "Touilinson Collect i



HISTORY OF I'RKAKNKSS



the pecuniary prospects of his venture, March is. l(j?o. sold lus
interest in the country to John ITenwick, in trust for Kdward l>yl-
Ihige, which interest was designated as (he Western half of llw
Province, Cartarel retaining llie rGaslern half. On -luly 30, of
(hat year, the Dutch, through war, having regained tlic Jerseys,
the count r\ ua- restored to Kngland again by treaty the following
year, February 9, LG7-t. But, as this temporary change of rulers
now gave rise to doubts in regard to the validity of the title of the
1 Juki- of York, (he Duke, June \".i, 1G1 I, obtained of the King, his
brother, a second charter, confirming the former grant. James,
immediately after he received his renewed title, July '.".», liiil,
executed a grant to Sir < ieorge ( 'art a ret individually for Kast Jersey
alone, lie being owner of thai territory before the late war with
Holland. Later, however, it ha\ing been discovered that this
individual grant to Cartarel gave him more than belonged l.o him,
or more than his -hare of the territory, he soon relinquished his
tille Lo the Duke, thai there might be a more equitable division
between him and the assigns of Lord Berkley. Then, on the first
day' oil July, ltilii. a new deed lo ( aria ret, "for a more equitable
division," was executed, permanently , for those days a I least, divid-
ing the Jerseys into l\-<\>\ Jersey and West Jersey. Sir (Jeorge
Cartarel, after this sole Proprietor of Mast Jersey, who died .January
to, IfiSO. in his eightieth year, by will, dated December 5, lnlS.
ordered the Province lo I"' sold lo pay his debts; which was done in
insl-W to the celebrated Twelve Proprietors, all Quakers, our of
whom was Thomas Hart; the consideration oi ! fhe -ale bring less

than sil i ( £;>.1()0). Th. -r Twelve, later on, each at dill'eiviu

limes, look a partner, when the Proprietors numbered Twenty-four.
Some ditliciilty Hill arising about rights and titles, under dale of
March i I, His-j. the Duke of York gave these latter a fresh -rani
of the Province, in confirmation of their claims. Subsequently, in
order to be left in undisturbed possession of their title in the noil,
the Proprietors surrendered to the. Crown I heir right of (/ovcrinii.ciif ,
which arrangement was perfected and accepted b\ Queen Am .
April I?, 1 -7 Ori , she having succeeded William, who, after the revo-
lution under James, occupied the English throne.

In the latter pari of the seventeenth century, most of the
inhabitants of this region of country were Indians, and particu-
larly of the powerful tribe of the Minisi, who occupied nearly all
of Northern Jersey, their chief settlement being on the Hats along
the Delaware above the Water (Jap, from which their name had its



AND I'KKAKNKSS REFORMED CHURCH. 3

rise. It is indued believed, and was in Indian times believed, that
these Hats, in very early days, before the river broke through the
mountain, had been a deep lake, and this circumstance led to the
name Meenesinh, or Miiiisinh, which means '"the water is gone."
(Barber). Uidil 1G55, the attitude ol these Indians toward the
whites had been uncertain; but a short and bloody war occurring
about then, the supremacy of the whites was established, ami i
diJferenl order ol' things prevailed. (Nelson). Yet there were
no permanent settlements of whites in what is now Passaic (Jounty,
until the close of that century. Acquackanonk was first settled in
1(»78 and thereafter, by the Dutch ; and then came the settlement at
or in the vicinity of Pompton. This latter settlement was made
L\ .Major Anthony Brockhnlsi and Captain Arent Schuyler and
i heir associates, Samuel Bvard, George Ryerson. John Mead,
Samuel Berne, and David and Uendrick Mandeville, — mostly,
though not all of them, I Col hinders, or of Holland descent. Schuy-
ler, Ryerson, and Mead were pure Dutch. The lirsl Mandeville
and Byard, or Bayard, also came from Holland, but were originally
French Huguenot, emigrating from France to Holland, at the time
of the St. Bartholomew's massacre. The Berrys were probably of
English extraction. Brockholst came from Lancashire, England,
and was a Woman Catholic. (Neafie).

The persons here specified agreed among themselves to pur-
chase of the Twenty-four Proprietors of hast Jersey 5,500 acres,
east of the Pompton or Pcquannock River, and which comprised
what is at presenl the greater part of Wayne Township, named
niter General Anlhoin Wayne, "Mad Anthony," as lie was some-
times called because of his recklessness in ruling and in battle, and
who was very active in these parts during the Revolutionary War.
In order, however, to perfect their title to this land, afterward-
known as the Pompton, Upper Pacquanac, and Lower Pacquanac
Patents, when it should be vested in I hem. since the Indians,
already referred to. also laid claim to the territory desired, Captain
*Arenl Schuyler, aiding for bis associates, June 1G, 1G95, for mer-
chandise, wampum, etc., to the value of £250, first purchased of
them their right in the tract ; and, as they would not sell (hat alone,
more with it, on the other side of the Pompton, winch extra terri-
tory, included a large portion of Pequannock Township, in Morris



* "Not Aaron, a- sonic have t rani-luted it in hhiglish, but Arnoli
Colonial New York. Philip Schuyler and hix Family.



4



HISTORY OF PREAKNESS



County, — in other words, much of the lowlands in the upper pari
of Ponipton Plains.

The text of tlie Indian deed, with explanations, as given by
Rev. G. C. Schanck, in the Schanck Manuscript, to be found in the
rooms of the New Jersey Historical Society, at Newark, is as
follows :

'"Beginning at the month of a small creek, in the Indian
language called Sinkaak, which said small creek is a branch that
falls into Pequannoc Creek, ('meaning no doubt al thai time th ■
Passaic River, as the Singac Brook, stili retaining its name, falls
into the Passaic River, al a short distance below the mouth of the
Pequannoek, or Pompton, as now called"), and lies opposite the
great hill, called by the Indians ^Icelonaykus, extending from said
mouth of Sinkaak ('reek northward along the said small creek as
Car until it meet.- the Indian path that goes towards Pompton,
called tin: Minisink Path,* and so along said Path toward Pompton
Creek, ('evidently what is now called the Pompton liiver") and
then running again northward, along the east side of said creek,
taking in a stroke of land on. said east side, till it meets with the
falls/' (at the Steel Work-), "in the Indian language called Aintr-
ii/ii, and from said falls westward, comprehending all the low land,
t hen to the hi J l,calledby the Indians, llackaeiUconch, and then south
ward along the foot of the hills to the great hill called by the
Indians, Siinpeci:, ('probably the highest mountain on the western
border of the Plains, now called Mine Mountain), and from said
hill Simpcch, eastward to Pofjuannoek Creek, and then all along
down .-aid creek, till it conns t v i the lirst station, called the mouth
of the Sinkaak Creek before mentioned, as ma) more fully appear
by a map or card made b) the description of the said natives
annexed to the said deed." Here follow quite a number of Indian
signatures.

This tract included, as we have said, the Pompton, the Upp< r
Pacquanac, and the lower Pacquanac Patents, east of the Pompton,
(or Pequannoek River, as it has been called), in Wayne Township,
except 'Md acres belonging to the Lower Pacquanac Patent lying
east of the Singac below the Two Bridges,— in other words, all the
territory east of the river smith of Pompton. and north of the



* ''This path was probably where the N'ewark and Pompton Turnpike

now is; and also ran from Totowa to Singac about where the present read

runs." — Nelson. That is, via Lain el Grove, south along the base of Second

Mountain, to Burin's Corner, and thence lo Mountain View and Wayne to

the Pompton River.



AND PREAKNESS REFORMED CHURCH. 5

Passaic, (in one place spoiled *Pasawack), to a line along the hills
east, or that range in the middle of Wayne Township designated as
the Third Range, which divides Pacquanac from Preakness, and
taking in all the land along the river around the southern end of
said range, (or rather spur), which belongs to the Watchung Sys-
tem, to the month of the Singac, together with a considerable
portion of Pequannock Township, in Morris County, or the low-
lands in the upper part of Pompton Plains, where, under this same
Indian deed, the same parlies, by another transaction, somewhat
later, purchased 1,500 acres more of the Proprietors.

Wachung is derived from the Indian Wachhchu, or Wadcliu,
meaning "hill" or "mountain." In the Minisink dialect wachunk
eigniiies ''high/' (Nelson). Wesel or Garret .Mountain is the
First Mountain in this system. Second Mountain is that west of
it, between Preakness and Paterson, — the range to which High
Mountain belongs. (Geological Survey of New Jersey. Vol. iv,
1895, p. 35.)

The "MO-acre tract, already referred to, on the east side of the
Smkaak, as part of the Lower Pacquanac Patent, was not covered
by the Indian deed here given, h may tie, however, that an earlier,
or a later, deed covered it. (William lioomo.)

The Patent from the Proprietors tor 5,500 acres to Brockholst,
Schuyler, and their associates, was dated November 11, 1G95, about
five months after the purchase from the Indians. This Patent, as
we have observed, was soon divided into three others, viz: the
Pompton, the Upper Pacquanack, and Lower Pacquanack Patents,
find Iho country al once began to settle up rapidly; while Preakness
was naturally benelited, and began to open up, or to he settled
more or less at the same time, (or rather il may be about twenty
years later, as we can find no earlier records), likewise by Hol-
landers, or the Dutch, some of whom were of Huguenot origin.

Captain Arent Schuyler and Major Anthony Brockholst them-
selves came, in 1G97, or thereabouts, to live in the Township, the
first upon property now (1900) occupied by William Col tax, son
of the old doctor of the same name, and the second on the site of
the residence occupied at present by the widow of the late Major
W. W. Col lax. The old well on this property is the original one

* Heckwelder. according to Nelson, says the Indian 1'asaicack means
"Valley." But Nelson himself claims that it means "where it divides,"
referring most likely to the separation from the Hackensack; although it
may refer to the split or chasm in the rocks at tlie Falls — the Great Pas-
saic Falls, in Paterson.



HISTORY OF I'REAKNKSS



dug by Brockholst, ami must therefore have been in constant use
about 200 years. Brockholst, already for many years before coming
to Pompton, had been a prominent officer of the Province of New
York, being indeed Acting Governor from 1GS1 to 1083, and Mayor
of New York City in 1687. .Captain Schuyler was scarcely, if any,
kss prominent, being the fourth son of Philip Schuyler and Mar-
garita Van Slichtenhorst, and was born in Beverwyek, (Albany),
.'nnc ?"), 1002. lie was prepared in the schools of Albany fur a
business life. November 20, 168-1, he married Jenneke Teller, and



Online LibraryGeorge Warne LabawPreakness and the Preakness Reformed church, Passaic County, New Jersey : a history, 1695-1902, with genealogical notes, the records of the church and tombstone inscriptions → online text (page 1 of 33)