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George Wingate Chase.

The history of Haverhill, Massachusetts, from its first settlement, in 1640, to the year 1860 online

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Online LibraryGeorge Wingate ChaseThe history of Haverhill, Massachusetts, from its first settlement, in 1640, to the year 1860 → online text (page 1 of 74)
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THE



HISTORY OF HAVERHILL



MASSAC HUSE-TTS,



EROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1640,



TO THE -S-E-A-I?, I860,



BY GEORGE WING ATE CHASE,

Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society; Cor. Mem. of the 'Wisconsin Historical
Society ; Author of a Digest of Masonic Law, &c.



Home of my fathers ! * * * *
O never may a son of thine, ^
Where'er his wandering steps incline, —
Forget the sky that bent above
His boyhood, like a dream of love.

— Whittier.



HAVERHILL :
PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOK.

1861



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1861, by

GEORGE WINGATE CHASE,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.



STONE & HUSE,

BOOK PEINTEE3,

21 Central St., Lowell, Mass.



I^HEF^CE,



The earnest and frequent demand for a new History of HaverhUt,
induced the compiler of the following pages to enter upon the task of its
preparation, and in February, (12th) 1859, public notice to that eifect
was given through the columns of the local press. The original design was
to include the history of the town from its first settlement, in 16-40, to
January, 1860, in one octavo volume, of about five hundred pages; but
twelve months of almost constant application to the work, revealed such
a mass of valuable and interesting material, that a proposition was made
to the town, at its annual March meeting, in 1860 —

" To see if the town will make an appropriation toward the publication
of a History of the town, and if so, how much, as requested by Geo. W.
Chase."

The proposition met with a most hearty approval, as may be seen from
the following extract from the town records : —

" It was unanimously voted. That the sum of five hundred dollars be
appropriated and paid to Geo. W. Chase toward a publication of a History
of this town, said money to be paid at times and in sums at the discretion of
the selectmen ; — -provided, that not more than one hundred dollars shall
be paid until five hundred pages of the proposed History is printed ; and
'provided also, that the price of the book, in good substantial binding,
ehall not exceed two dollars per copy."

Encouraged by this generous aid, given, as it was, with entire unanimity,
the work was pushed forward with all possible despatch ; and, early in the
following December, the first pages went to press. Various causes have



rendered the work of printing mucli more protracted than was expected,
or could have been foreseen, but it is believed that the value of the book
has been increased rather than diminished, througb the corrections and
numerous additions permitted by the delay.

In the preparation of this History of his native town, the compiler has
endeavored to collect his material from the most reliable sources, and, in
nearly every case where practicable, has recorded the facts in the exact
language in which they were found, or were received. It has been his
endeavor that each and every "quotation" introduced may be safely
relied upon as literally correct, believing that thereby not only will the
reader's interest in no wise be diminished, but the historical value of
the work will be greatly increased.

In many instances, particularly during the earlier years of our history,
minor incidents and matters are mentioned. This has been done cither to
illustrate the manners, customs, &c., of the early inhabitants, or for the
purpose of introducing the names of persons in town, rather than for any
interest or value in the incidents themselves. The frequent introduction
of lists of names, has, in many instances, been intended as an aid to those
particularly interested in genealogy, rather than as items of interest to the
general reader.

In a work like the present, where so much dependence is of necessity
placed upon traditions, — often vague and indistinct, or confused and
conflicting, — and abounliing in names, dates, and figures, it is hardly
possible to avoid errors. It is hoped and believed, however, that the
following pages will compare favorably in this respect with other similar
works; — more or less than this could not well be expected.

As it was impossible to include within the limits of a single volume all
that might be classed as local history, or of local interest ; and as the
general history of the town, for the last half a century, is already
comparatively well preserved by the local newspapers, as well as by living
memories ; less space has been devoted to the latter period than might,
perhaps, be considered as its just proportion. A desire to preserve the
traditions and incidents fast receding from our sight in the dim twilight



^f the past, must plead our excuse, if excuse be necessary, for this seeming
partiality for matters relating to "ye olden time."

In the preparation of this work, a large amount of valuable and
interesting material has been gathered, which could not well be used.
This will be carefully preserved, and every opportunity to add to the
stock will be as carefully improved. Its ultimate disposal cannot now be
indicated with any degree of certainty.

To name the many who have directly or indirectly aided the compiler
in his labors, would greatly exceed the space allowed for the present
purpose. To one and all of them, we would return our hearty
acknowledgments. We cannot, however, forbear to mention, specially, —
Hon. James H. Duncan, for his active exertions in securing the above
mentioned appropriation by the town in our favor, and for his many other
acts of kindness and liberality; George Johnson, Esq., of Bradford, for
his generous donation of fifty dollars for the same purpose ; Benjamin
Bradley, Esq., of Boston, for his proposal to bind one hundred copies of
the book, gratuitously ; A. W. Thayer, Esq., of Northampton, John
Bartlett, Esq., of Eoxbury, and Eev. G-. W. Kelley, of this town, for
special favors ; and Mr. Alfred Poor, of this town, (who has for several
years devoted his whole time and attention to genealogy) for much
valuable assistance.

AYith the hope that the book, — to the preparation of which so many
pleasant hours have been devoted, — will be kindly received, this History
of Haverhill is now submitted to the public.

Mount Washington, Haverhill, ") r W r

September 1, 186 L j



LIST OE ILLUSTRATIONS.



View op Havekhill in 1820 Frontispiece*

Map of Haverhill 16

Fac-Simile of Indian Deed 46

Eesidence of Charles Corliss CO

First Meeting-House 67

First Plan of the Town lO-t

Map of Haverhill and Adjacent Towns 105

Second Meeting-House 177

Plan of Massachusetts Claim vs. N. H. 287




Online LibraryGeorge Wingate ChaseThe history of Haverhill, Massachusetts, from its first settlement, in 1640, to the year 1860 → online text (page 1 of 74)