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CUVIER'S
ANIMAL KINGDOM.



ANIMAL KINGDOM:



ARRANGED



ACCORDING TO ITS ORGANIZATION,



TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH, AND ABRIDGED FOR THE USE
OF STUDENTS.



BY H. M C MURTRIE, M.D.



WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS ON WOOD.



LONDON:

PUBLISHED BY ORR AND SMITH, AMEN CORNER,
PATERNOSTER ROW.



MDCCCXXXIV.



LONDON :

BRADBURY AND EVANS, PRINTERS, WHITEFR.IARS.
(LATF T. DAVISON.)



EDITOR'S PREFACE.



THE Regne Animate of the illustrious CUVIER is acknow-
ledged to furnish at once the most simple and the most philoso-
phic view of Animated Nature ; and therefore the best, not only
for the professional student of that most interesting portion of
the works of creation, but also for all classes of persons gene-
rally who seek (and who is there in these days who does not
seek?) for general information upon that most inviting of all
subjects.

Cuvier entered upon this work, which to him must have
been one of heartfelt pleasure, as the summing-up of a long
and active life, devoted to this his favourite study, much better
qualified and prepared than any one who had previously at-
tempted a classification of the animal kingdom. Naturally a
close and scrutinising observer, intimately acquainted with the
structure of animals by the most careful dissection and exami-
nation of all the forms of their organisation and all the corre-



2091086



VI PREFACE.

spending functions, learned in all that had been done by his
predecessors, in free communication with all the more illus-
trious of his contemporary labourers in the same field, to what
nation soever they happened to belong, combining with a
most extended and correct knowledge of all the leading genera
now inhabiting the earth, a more extensive acquaintance with
those which have perished in the lapse of time and by the
course of change, than any other man ever possessed, and above
all, being without any preconceived theory, and therefore
zealous only for the truth, this great naturalist seemed to be,
above all others, the man fitted for affording such a general
view of the living world as should be at once clear, striking,
and faithful to its subject, and inviting, instructive, and useful
to mankind generally.

By grounding his arrangement upon the organisation, he was
enabled to communicate as much real information in a few
instances of general description, as could have been furnished by
a volume of details ; and thus, while he was enabled to condense
the whole into a moderate compass, all the parts became more
clear, and the grand relations of the whole, in which the mighty
design the wisdom and power of God in the works of creation
became most strikingly manifest.

The mind of a truly great man like Cuvier, when condensing
and concentrating the rays of knowledge, has an effect very
much resembling that of a convex lens in concentrating the rays
of light. If the substance of the lens be fine and transparent,
and the form and fashioning true, the lens becomes eyes to the
dim-sighted, magnifies the small, brings the distant near, and



PREFACE. Vll

literally covers the system of things with its own brilliancy, so
that the remote and the small are as accessible and open to
scrutiny as objects of daily familiarity. This Cuvier has done,
in an eminent degree, with respect to the animal kingdom ; and
hence, though his work is really the most profound, it is the
clearest and the most easy to be understood the book, in short,
whereby all mankind may the most speedily and the most
accurately obtain a knowledge of this kingdom of nature.

The object of this edition is to bring Cuvier's work within
the reach of every class of readers, not by a mutilated abridg-
ment (for the systematic part of the work is so condensed in
the original that it cannot be abridged without mutilation), but
in substance, as it came from the hand of its great author. In
order to accomplish this object, to be able to furnish the requisite
number of illustrative engravings, and at the same time to
make the work procurable at a very moderate price, a few,
and a very few of the more minute details have been omitted.
But the book is thereby improved rather than injured ; for the
author throws much of the details of species into notes, as if the
introduction of them into the text would cloud and obscure his
main object, that of giving a connected and luminous view of
animated nature. This view it has been the constant study of
the editor to present unbroken, so that those who may make
use of this volume may have the feeling that they are studying
Cuvier only, and not Cuvier with the alloying interpolations of
a less informed and feebler mind.

The translation may be relied upon as faithful ; for, indepen-
dent of the care bestowed upon it by Dr. M ; MURTRIE, the Ame-



Vlll PREFACE.

rican translator, this edition has been carefully revised with the
original. The style of the work will speak for itself; but the
grand recommendation is, that it is a fac simile of the " Regne
Animale," in the English language, and at a moderate price.

October, 1834.



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



INTRODUCTION.

Of natural history .

Of living beings and orga-
nisation in general

Division of organised beings
into animals and vege-
tables .

Of the forms peculiar to the
organic elements of the
animal body, and of the
principal combinations of
its chemical elements

Of the forces which act in
the animal body .

Summary idea of the func-
tions and organs of the
bodies of animals, and of
their various degrees of
complication

Of the intellectual func-
tions of animals .

Of method, as applied to
the animal kingdom

Distribution of the animal
kingdom into four great
divisions

OF THE VERTEBRATA
IN GENERAL .

Subdivision of the Verte-
brata into four classes .
MAMMALIA

Orders of the Mammalia .
BIMANA . .

Man .
Peculiar conformation of

Man

Physical and moral de-
velopment of Man
Varieties of the human
species . .

QUADRUMANA

Simia . . .

Simia proper

Pithecus
Hilobates
Cercopithecus
Semnopithecus
Macacus
Inuus



PAGE




PAGE


1


Cynocephalus


46


1


Mandrills


46




Monkeys of America. .


47


6


Sapajous


47




Lagothrix


47




Nocthorus


48


9


Ouistitis


49




Lemur


49




Indris


50




Loris .


50




Galago


50


11


Tarsius


50




CARNARIA


50


1


CHEIROPTERA


51


i*j


Vespertilio


51




Pteropus


52




Galeopithecus


53




INSECTIVORA


53




Erinaceus


54


16


Centenes


54




Cladobates


54


20


Sorex . .


55


23


Mygale
Chrysochloris


55
55




Talpa . .


56


24


Condylura
Scalops


56
57




CARNIVORA


57


27


Plantigrada


58




Ursus


58


29


Procyon


59


30


Ailurus


59


33


Ictides


60


34


Nasua


60


34


Meles


60




Gulo


61




Ratelus


61


34


DlGITIGRADA


62




Mustek


62


37


Putorius .


62




Mephitis


63


40


Lutra .


63


43


Canis . . -


64


43


Viverra


66


44


Viverra proper


66


44


Genetta


66


45


Paradoxurus


67


45


Mangusta


67


45


Ryzsena .


67


46


Crossarchus


67


46


Hyaena * . I .


68



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.





PAGE




PAGE


Felis


68


Cavia . .


91


AMPHIBIA


70


Kerodon


91


Phoca


70


Chloromys


92


Phoca proper
Stenorhynchus


71
71


Coelogenys .
EDENTATA


92
92


Pelagus


71


Tardigrada


92


Stemmatopus


71


Bradypus . .


93


Macrorhinus


71


Megatherium .


93


Otaries


72


Megalonyx .


93


Trichechus


72


EDENTATA ORDINARIA


94


MARSUPIALIA


73


Dasypus


94


Didelphis
Chironectes .


73
74


A para
Orycteropus


. 94
94


Thylacinus


74


Myrmecophaga


95


Phascogale


75


Mania . .


95


Dasyurus .


75


MONOTREMATA .


95


Perameles


75


.Echidna


96


Phalangista


76


Ornithorhynchus


96


Petaurus


76


PACHYDERMATA


96


Hypsiprymnns


77


PROBOSCIDIANA


97


Macropus


77


lephas


97


Koala


78


Mastodon


98


Phascolomys
RODENTIA
Sciurus .


78
79
80


PACHYDERMATA
ORDINARIA
Hippopotamus


99
99


Sciurus proper
Pteromys
Cheiromys
Mus :


80
81
81
81


Sus
Anoplotherium
Rhinoceros
Hyrax


99

99
99

100


Arctomys


82


Palceotherium


100


Spermophilus .


82


Lophiodon


101


Myoxus


83


Tapir


101


Echimys


83


SOLIPEDES


101


Hydromys


84


Equus


102


Capromys


84


RUMINANTIA


103


Mus proper .


84


Without Horns.




Gerbillus .


85


Camelus


103


Meriones
Cricetus


85
85


Camelus proper
Auchenia


103
104


Anricola


85


Moschus


104


Fiber
Arvicola


85
86


With Horn*.




Georychus
Otomys
Dipus


86
86
86


Cervus
Camelopardalis
Ruminantia with Hol-


105
105


Helamys


87


low Horns.




Spalax


87


Antilope


106


Bathyergus


88


Capra .


107


Geomys


88


Ovis


107


Diplostoma
Castor


88
88


Bos ...
CETACEA


107
108


Myopotamus
Hystrix
Hystrix proper


89
89
90


HERBIVORA
Manatus
Halicore


109
109
109


Atherurua


90


Stellerus


109


Eretison


90


ORDIXARIA


110


Synetheres


90


Ddphinus .


110


Lepus


90


Delphinus proper .


110


Lrpu- proper


90


Phocaena


111


Lagomys


9)


Monodon


111


Hydrochjerus .


91 i Physeter


111



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



XI





PAGE




PAGE


Bahena .


. 112


Garrulus


133


OVIPAROUS VERTEBRATA.


Caryocatactes


133


AVES


. 113


Coracias


133


ACCIPITRES


. 118


Paradisaea


133


DlURJSLE


. 118


TENUIROSTRES .


134


Vultur .


. 118


Sitta


134


Falco


. 119


Certhia .


134


Falco proper


. 119


Trochilus


134


Hierofalco


. 120


Upupa


135


Aquila


. 120


Syndactylse


135


Astur
Milvus


. 120

. 121


Merops
Prionites


135
135


Pernis .
Buteo .
Circus


. 121
. 121
. 121


Alcedo
Todus . . .


135
135


Serpentarius

NOCTURXJ!


. 121

122


Buceros
SCANSORI^E


135

136


Strix


. 122


Galbula


136


Otus


. 122


Picus


136


PASSERINE


. 123


Yunx


137


DENTIROSTRES


. 123


Cuculus


137


Lanius ,


. 123


Malcoha


137


Muscicapa


. 124


Scythrops


137


Ampelis


. 124


Bucco


137


Edolius


. 124


Trogon


138


Tanagra


. 125


Crotophaga


138


Turdus


. 125


Ramphastos .


138


Myothera


. 125


Psittacus


138


Cinclus
Philedon
Eulabes
Gracula


. 125
125
. 126
. 126


Corythaix
Musophaga
GALLINACE^l .


139
139
140


Pyrrhocorax
Oriolus
Gymnops
Maenura
Motacilla


. 126
. 126
. 126
. 126
. 127


Alector
Pavo . . ' .
Meleagris .
Numidia
Phasianus


140
140
141
141
141


Curruca
Anthus


. 127
. 127


Callus
Tetrao


141
141


Pipra

Rupicola
Eurylaimus

FlSSIROSTRES

Hirundo .


. 127
. 127
. 127
. 128
. 128


Tetrao proper
Lagopus
Perdix
Francolinus .
Perdix proper .
Coturnix


142
142
142
142
142
142


Cypcelus
Hirundo proper
Caprimulgus .
CONIROSTRES


. 128
. 128
. 129
. 129


Tinamus
Columba
GRALLATORI^E .
BREVIPENNES


142
143
143
145


Alauda


. 130


Struthio


144


Parus .


. 130


Casuarius


145


Emberiza


. 130


PRESSIROSTRES


149


Fringilla


. 130


Otis ....


146


Loxia


. 130


Charadrius


146


Corythus


. 131


Vanellus r .


147


Colius
Buphaga . :


. 131
. 131


Haematopus ., .
Cursorius


147
147


Cassicus .'
Sturnus


. 131
. 132


Microdactylus

CULTRIROSTRES . ' .


147

148


Corvus


. 132


Grus . .


148


Pica


. 132


Psophia .


148



XII



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.





PAGE


PAGE


Cancroma .


. 149


Plotus .


164


Ardea


. 149


Phaeton


165


Ciconia


. 149


LAMKLLIROSTRES


165


Mycteria
Scopus
Tantalus
Platalea

LONGIROSTRES

Scolopax
Ibis


. 150
. 150
. 150
. 150
. 151
. 151
. 151


Anas
Cygnus
Anser
Anser proper .
Bernacles .
Anas proper .
Mergus


165
165
166
166
166
166
167


Numenius


. 151


REPTILIA.


167


Scolopax proper


. 151


CHELONIA


169


Rhynchsea


. 152


Testudo .


170


Limosa


. 152


Emys


170


Calidris


. 152


Chelonia


170


Arenaria


. 152


Trionyx .


171


Pelidna


. 152


SAURIA


172


Machetes


. 152


CROCODILIDA


172


Eurinorhynchus


. 153


Crocodilus


172


Phalaropus


. 153


Alligator


173


Strepsilas


. 153


LACERTINIDA


173


Totanus


153


Monitor


174


Himantopus .


. 153


Lacerta . .


174


Recurvirostra


. 154


IGUANIDA


174


MACRODACTYLI


. 154


Stellio


174


Jacanas
Palamedea


. 154
. 154


Agama
Istiurus


175
175


Chauna


. 155


1 ^ raco .


175


Rallus
Fulica
Gallinula


. 155
. 155
. 155


Pterodactylus
Iguanida proper .
GECKOTIDA


175
176
176


Porphyrio


. 155


Gecko . .


176


i Fulica proper
Chionis .
Glareola


. 156
. 156
. 156


Platydactylus
CHAMELEONIDA
SCINCOIDEA . .


177
178
179


Phoenicopterus


. 156


Seps


179


PALMIPEDES


. 157


Bipes


179


BRACHYPTER^K


. 157


Chirotes


180


Colymbus


. 158


OPHIDIA


180


Podiceps


. 158


ANGUINA


180


Mergus
Una


. 158

. 159


Anguis
SERPENTIA


180
181


Alca

Fratercula
Alca proper
Aptenodytes
Catarrhactes

LONGIPENNES


. 159
. 159
. 159
. 159
. 160
. 160


Amphisbscna?
Amphisbsna
Typhlops
Non-venomous.
Tortrix


181
181
182

182


Procellaria
Puffinus .


. 160
Igl Coluber


183
183


Diomedea


. 161


Venomous, with simple fangs.




Lanis


. 162


Crotalus . .


184


Lestris . .




Vipera . .


185


Sterna


. 162


Venomous, with fangs and other




Noddies


. 162


teeth


185


Rhynchops

TOTIPALMAT^


. 163
. 163


Bungarus
Hydras


185
185


Pelecanus


. 163


NtTDA


185


Phalocrocorax


. 164


( 'iccili.i . .


185


Tachypetes .


. 164


BATRACHIA


186


Sula


. 164


Rana


18?



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Xlll



PAGE


PAGE


Hyla


187


Trichiurus


202


Bufo


188


The snout short, mouth small




Salamandra


188


Gyranetrus


202


Triton
Menopoma .


188
189


Stylephorus
The snout short, mouth cleft,


202


Amphiuma


189


head obtuse.




Axolotus .


189


Cepola


203


Menobranchus
Proteus


189
189


Lophotes .
THEUTYES


203
203


Siren


189


Siganus


203


PISCES


190


Acanthurus


203


ACANTHOPTERYGII .


192


LABYRINTHIFORM PHA-




PERCOIDES


192


RYNGEALS .


204


With thoracic ventrals


192


An abas


204


With branchial rays, two




Ophicephalus


204


dorsals


192


MUGILOIDES


204


Perca


192


Mugil


205


Labrax


192


GOBIOIDES


205


With a single dorsal, two canine




Blennius


205


teeth


193


Anarrhichas


205


Serranus


193


Gobius


206


Pomotis


193


Callionymus


206


Holocentrum


193


Chirus


206


Myripristis .


193


PECTORALES PEDICULATI


207


Beryx


193


Lophius


207


With jugular ventrals


194


LABROIDES


207


Trachinus


194.


Labrus


207


Uranoscopus


194


Epibulus


208


With abdominal ventrals


194


Chromis


208


Polynemus _ .


194


Scarus


208


BlJCC^E LiORICATyE


195


FISTULARID^E


208


Trigla


19.5


Fistularia


209


Dactylopterus


195


Centriscus


209


Cottus


195


MALACOPTERYGII AB-




Hemitripterus


196


DOMINALES


209


Scorpaena


196


CYPRINID.E


210


Monocentris


196


Cyprinus


210


Oreosoma


19?


Cobitis


210


SCIENOIDES


197


Anableps


211


With two dorsals


197


ESOCES


211


Sciaena


197


Esox


211


SPAROIDES


198


Belone


211


Dentex


198


Exocetus


212


MJENIDES


198


SILURID^E


212


SatJAMIPENNES


199


Silurus


213


Chaetodon


199


Malapterurus


213


Chelmon


199


SALMONIDES


213


Brama


19y


Salmo


214


Pempheris


200


Sternoptyx .


214


Toxotes


200


CLUPE.E


214


SCOMBEROIDES


200


Clupea


215


Scomber


200


Alosa


215


Scomber proper .


200


MALACOPTERYGII SUB-




Thynnus


201


RACHIATI


215


Xiphias


201


GADITES ..."


216


Centronotus


201


Gadus


216


Naucrates


201


Morrhua


216


T^LNIOIDES


202


PLANI .


216


The snout elongated, teeth strong.




Pieuronectes ; .


216


Lepidopus


202


DISCOBOLI


217



XIV



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



PACK PAGE

Lepadogaster . 217 Pulmonea Terrestria . v. k>


Cyclopterus .


217 Limax


241


Echeneis


218


Helix


241


MALACOPTERYGII


Pulmonea Aquatica


241


APODES


Planorbis


241


Anguilliformes


Liiniui'us


241


MuiM-na


218 Physa


242


Anguilla


Auricula


242


Conger


Conovulus


242


Mursena proper .
Saccopharynx


NUDIBRANCHIATA
Doris


242
242


Gymnotus
Gymnarchus
Leptocephalus
Opnidium
Ammodytes .
LOPHOBRANCHII
Syngnathus
PLECTOGNATHI
GYMNODONTES
Diodon .
Tetraodon
Ceplialus
Triodon

SCLERODERMI

Ostracion
CHRONDROPTERYGII


219
220
220
220
220
221
221
222
222
223
223
223
223
224
224


Plocamoceros
Polycera
Tritonia
Thethys
Scyllsea
Glaucus
INFEROBRANCHIATA
Phyllidia
Diphyllidia
TECT1BRANCHIATA .
Pleurobranchus
Pleurobranchsea
Aplysia
Dolabella
Notarchus


242
242
243
243
243
243
244
244
-Ml
244
245
245
245
245
245


STURIONES


225


Akera


246


Accipenser

Spatularia


225
226


Gastropteron
Gastroplax


246

246


Cnimffira


226


HETEROPODA


247


With fixed branchiae.




Pterotrachea


247


SELACHII


227


PECTINIBRANCHIATA.


247


Squalus


227


TROCHOIDA


248


Carcharias


228


Trochus


248


Selache .


228


Solarium


248


Zyga-na


228


Evomphalus


248


Squatina


228


Turbo


248


Pristis


229


Paludina


249


Raia


229


Littorina


249


Torpedo


229


Phasianella


249


SCCTORII


230


Ampullaria


249


Petromyzon


230


Helicina


249


Myxine .


231


Melania


250


MOLLUSCA


232


Tornatella


250


CEPHALOPODA


235


Pyramidella


250


Sepia


236


Janthina


250


Argonauta


236


Nerita


250


Sepia proper


236


CAPULOIDA


251


Nautilus


236


Hipponyx


251


Belemnites


237


Crepidula


251


Ammonites


237


Pileolus


251


Nummulites


237


Calyptraea


252


PTEROPODA


237


Siphonaria .


252


Clio


238


Sigaretus


252


Cymbulia


.' ^ Cryptostoma


252


Pneumodermon


238 BUCCIXOIDA


252


Limacina


2:18 Conus


253


GASTEROPODA


238 Cyprsea


253


P ULMONEA


240 Ovula


253



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



XV



Terebellum


PAGE

253


PAGE

Cardium . . 266


Voluta


253


Dorax


266


Oliva
Buccinum


254
254


Cyclades
Corns


267
267


Buccinum proper .


254


Tellina


267


Nassa


254


Lucina


267


Eburna
Ancillaria
Dolium


254
254
254


Venus

INCLUSA

ii it


267
268


Harpa :
Purpura
Cerithium


255
255
255


Mya
Bissomia
Hiatella


268
268
268


Murex


255


Solen


268


Murex


255


Pholas


268


Ranella


255


Teredo


269


Fusus


255


Fistularia


269


Turbinella


255


Gastrochaena


269


Strombus


256


Teredina


269


TUBULIBRANCHIATA .


256


Clavagella


270


Vermetus


256


Aspergillum


270


Magilus


256


ACEPHALA NUDA


270


Siliquaria


256


SEGREGATA


270


SCUTIBRANCH1ATA .


257


Biphora


270


Halyotis


257


Ascidi


271


Fissurella


257


AGGREGATA .


271


CYCLOBRANCHIATA .


258


Botryllus


271


Patella


258


Pyrosoma


272


Chiton


258


Polyclinum


272


ACEPHALA
ACEPHALA TESTACEA.

OSTRACEA

Acarda
Ostrea


259
259
260
260
260


BRACK IOPODA

Lingula
Terebratula
Spirifer
Thecidea


272
273
270
273
273


Ostrea


260


Orbicula .


273


Pecten


261


Crania


274


Lima . .
Anomia
Placuna
Spondylus
Malleus
Vulsella

-f-k


261
261
261
261
262
262


CIRRHOPODA . .

Lepas
Anatifa
Balanus
ANIMALIA ARTICULATA.

Distribution into Orders .


274
274
274
275

277


Perna


262


ANNULATA


279


Etheria


262


TUBICOLA


280


Avicula
Pinna


262
263


Serpula
Sabella


280
281


Area


263


Terebella


281


Trigonia


263


Amphitrite .


281


MYTILACEA . .
Mytilus
Anodontea


263
263
264


Syphostoma
Dentalium
DORSIBRANCHIATA .


281
282

282


Unio


264


Arenicola


282


Cardita
Cypricarda


264
265


Amphinome
Eunice


282
283


Coralliophaga
Venericardia


265
265


Lysidice
Aglaura V .


283
283


Crassatella . .


265


Nereis


283


CHAMACEA . ' .


265


Phyllodoce


283


Chama


265


Alciopa


283


Tridanea '. .


265


Spio . . .


284


CARDIACEA . " .


266


Syllis .


284



XVI



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



PAGE




PAGE


Glycera . . 284


Nicothoe


303


Nephthys


TKILOBITES .


303


Lumbrinera . . 284


ARACHNIDES


304


Aricia . . 284


PULMONARI^. . .


305


Hesione . . 284


ARANEIDES


306


Ophelina . . 284
Cirrhatulus . . 285
Palmyra . . 285


Mygale
Mygale proper
Aranea


309
309
310


Aphrodita . . 285


Clotho . . .


311


Halithea . . 285


Linyphia


312


Chffitopteros . 286


Uloborus


313


ABRANCHIATA.


Tetragnatha . .


313


ABRANCHIATA SETIGERA 286


Epeira


313


Lumbricus . . 286


Lycosa


314


Nais . . 287


PEDIPALPI


315


Climena . . 287


Tarantula . .


S16


ABRANCHIATA ASETIGERA 287


Scorpio ...


316


Hirudo . . 287


TRACHEARI^E . .


317


Sanguisuga . . 288


PSEUDO-SCORPIONES


317


Gordius . . 288


Galeodes


318


ARTICULATA WITH


Chelifer
PYCNOGONIDES


318
318


ARTICULATED FEET 288 Pycnogonum .


319


CRUSTACEA . . 290


Phoxichilus .


319


Their Division into Or-


Nymphon


319


ders . .291


HOLETRA


319


MALACOSTRACA . . 292

a. Eyes placed on a move-
able and articulated


Phalangita .
Phalangium
Acarides . . .
Acarus


319
320
320
320


pedicle . . . 292


Trombidium


320


DECAPODA . . 292


Izodes


321


BRACHYCRA . . 293


INSECTA


321


Cancer . . . 293


MYRIOPODA . .


333


MACROURA . . . 294


CHILOGNATHA .


334


Astacus . . 294


lulus


334


STOMAPODA . . 295


Glomeris


334


UNIPELTATA . . 296
Squilla . . .296

BlPELTATA . . . 296

Phyllosoma . . 296


lulus proper . .
Polydesmus
Polyxenus
CHILOPODA


335
335
335
335


h. Eyes sessile and iin-


Scolopendra


335


moveable . . 297


Scutigera . . .


335


AM PHI POD A . . 297


Lithobius


336


Grammarus . . 298


Scolopendra proper


336


Corophium . 298


THYSANOURA


336


L-fiMODIPODA . . 298


I.I IM-Mi.N 1


336


Cyamus . . . 299


Lepisma


337


ISOPODA ; - . 299


I'I.KI 1:1 I I ] .


337


Oniscus . . 300


Podura


337


Oniscus proper . 300


PARASITA . . .


338


ENTOMOSTRACA. . . 300


Pediculus


338


BRANCH IOPO DA . 301


SUCTORIA . . .


338


Monoculos . .301


Pulex


339


P.CILOPODA . . 302


COLEOPTERA . . .


339


XTPHOSCRA . . 302


Pentamera .


340


Limulus . . . 302


CARNIVORA


340


SlPHONOSTOMA . . 303


Cicindeletff . . .


341


Argulus . . 303


Cicindela


342


LERNEIPORIIES . . 303


Carabici


342



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



XV11



Carabus . ' . .


PAGE

. 342


Macronychus ; '


PAGE

. 361


Truncatipennes
Bipartiti . >


. 342
. 343


PALPICORNES .
Hydrophilii


. 361
. 362


Quadrimani


. 343


Hydrophilus


. 362


Simpliciraani


. 343


Spaeridiota


. 363


Patellimani


. 344


Sphaeridium


. 363


Grandipalpi .
Carabus proper
Hydrocanthari .


. 344
. 344
. 345


LAMELLICORNES .
Scarabaeides
Scarabaeus


. 363
. 364
. 364


Dytiscus
Gyrinus


. 345
. 346


Ateuchus
Arenicoli


. 365
. 365


J

BRACHELYTRA .
Staphylinus
SERRICORNES


. 347
. 547
. 348


Xylophili .
Scarabseus proper
Phyllophagi .
Anthobii . . .


. 365
. 365
. 366
. 366


Sternoxi
Buprestides


. 348
. 349


Melitophili .
Trichius


. 366

. 367


Elaterides


. 349


Goliath .


. 367


Elater .


. 350


Cetonia


. 367


Elater proper


. 350


Lucanides .


. 367


Malacodermi


. 351


Lucanus



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