Georgia Drew Merrill.

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LEWISTON CITY BUILDING, 1891.



HISTORY



OF



oir



Androscoggin County,



MAINE



(ILLUSTRATED )



"Out of monuiuents, names, words, proverbs, traditions, records,
fragments of stone, passages of books, and the like, we^
recover somewhat from the deluge of time." ■"■■^ " 'j';?C^>v

JAN 26 1892






w



GEORGIA DREW MERRILL, EDITOR.



W. A. FERGUSSON & CO.

BOSTON, MASS.

1891.






Copyright, 1891.



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.



JOURNAL PRESS, UEWISTON, ME.



FROM innumerable sources of information, — many of them broken, frag-
mentary, and imperfect, — from books, manuscripts, records, and private
documents, we have gathered much of value respecting this valley of
Androscoggin and its savage and civilized occupancy. In our labors we liave
endeavored to separate truth from error, fact from fiction, as they come down
to us from the half-forgotten days in legend, tradition and the annals of
the past.

We express our thanks to those who have willingly given of their time and
lab(jr to aid us ; to those who have contributed the illustrations, thereby adding
much to the value of this work; to those whose cheering words and earnest
assistance have ever been at our service ; and to those whose courtesy has been
extended to us during our sojourn in this most progressive of counties.



CONTENTS.



PAGE

Chapter I i'

The County of Androscoggin. — Territory — Organization — Towns Included —
Name— Location and Area— Agriculture, Population, and Valuation— Manufactures and
Wealth— Census Statistics— Financial Condition from Organization— State Tax, 1890
and 1891.

Chapter II 22

Geology. — Rock Formations — Unstratified or Igneous Rocks— Stratified Rocks —
Formations in Maine— Age of Ice— Glacial Drift— Lower and Upper Till— Cliamplain
Period— Modified Drift— Surface Geology— Drift Period— Beach and Terrace Periods,
etc.— Montalban or White Mountain Formation— Tourmalines and Associate Minerals-
Pratt's Cave — Gneiss — Mica Schist — Saccharoid Azoic Limestone — Dunes, etc. *

Chapter III. 32

The Androscoggin River. — Williamson's Description — Piiysical and Geological
Features— Drainage District— Altitudes— Principal Tributaries in this County — Water-
Powers.

Chapter IV. 44

Aboriginal Tribes and History. — (By J. G. Elder).

Chapter V 49

Early Titles, Occupancy, Etc.— The Cabots— Mary of Guilford— English Claims—
Norumbega— Bartholomew Gosnold and Other Discoverers— Acadia — French Claims
and Occupancy — Captain Weymouth— Grants by James I— North Virginia— Plymouth
Company— Captain John Smith— New England— Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain
John Mason— Province of Maine— Laconia— First English Settlements— Kennebec and
Other Patents— Plymouth Council— The Twelve Grand Divisions— Resignation of Ply-
mouth Patent— William Gorges— New Patent of Maine— Gorgeana— Settlement under
Gorges — Massachusetts Claims and Proprietorship.

Chapter VI. 56

The Pejepscot Claim (By J. G. Elder).— Thomas Purchase— Purchase and Way's
Patent— Assignment to Governor Winthrop— Richard Wharton— The Six Indian Saga-
mores' Deed — Pejepscot Proprietors— Definition of Territory.

Chapter VII 64

Early Settlements. — Early Settlements in Androscoggin Valley — After the Revo-
lution—Population from 1780 to 1800 — Commencement of the Nineteenth Century —
Effects of the War of 1812— Severity of Climate— The Cold Year— Improvement in Con-
dition — Changes and Progress in Agriculture — Development and Change— Manufact-
uring.



vi Contents.



Chapter VIII 69

The Birds of Androscoggin County. — (By II. E. Walter).

Chapter IX 94

Mail Uodtes, Railroads, and Post-offices.— Early MailRoutes— Staging— Railroads-
Post-offices and Postmasters.

Chapter X. 105

Military Affairs.— Maine Regiments in the Civil War— The Soldiers of Androscoggin
Countj'— The Grand Army Posts and Associate Bodies.

Chapter XI 183

Bates College. — (By Rev. James Albert Howe, D.D.). — Difficulties in Founding a
College in New England. Raison d'etre: Denominational Need — Co-education — Indigent
Students — Local Support— General Public. The Beginning of the College: The Maine State
Seminary— Organization of the College — Au Honored Name — Other Details — The Terms of
Admission — First Faculty — College and Seminary Separated — The Latin School — Cobb
Divinity School— Faculty — Courses of Study. Growth of the College — Storm and Stress —
Relief— Benefactors and Benefactions — The Equipment of the College — The Gymnasiixm —
The Libraries — The Cabinet — Instructors and Instruction — Characteristic Features: Co-edu-
cation — Open Societies — Needy Students Helped — Forensics — Prizes — Outside Lectures —
Morals and Religion— Interest of the Faculty in Students— The Alumni— Alumni Asso-
ciations.

Chapter XII 208

Masonic and Odd Fellow Societies.

Chapter XIII 281

The Press of Androscoggin— County Medical Association — The Grange— Women's Chris-
tian Temperance Union.

Chapter XIV 300

National, State, and County Officers.— United States Senators— Representatives in
Congress— State Officers— Representatives to the Massachusetts Legislature— Members of
the Constitutional Convention of 1819— State Senators— Members of Maine Legislature-
Clerks of Court— County Attorneys— Sheriffs— Judges of Probate— Registers of Probate-
County Treasurers— County Commissioners— Registers of Deeds.

(Chapter XV 307

The Courts and Bench and Bar.— The Courts- Supreme Judicial Court— Probate
and Insolvent Courts— Court of County Commissioners— Auburn Municipal Court— Lew-
iston Municipal Court— County Buildings— The Little Family— Bench and Bar.

CITIES AND TOWNS.-EASTERN DIVISION.

LEWISTON.-(By J. G. Elder).
Chapter XVI 343

The Town. Situation, Extent, Natural Features, Products, etc.— Conditions of
Grant— Pioneer Settlers— Incorporation— Growth— Civil List.



Contents. vii



Chapter XVII 357

Ecclesiastical History — Church Organizations — Schools.

Chapter XVIII 382

Saw and Grist Mills^Lewiston Falls Water-Power Co. — R. C. Pingree & Co. — Read,
Small & Co. — Barker's Mills — Other Mills — Lewiston Falls Manufacturing Co. — The First
Cotton Mill — Lewiston Water-Power Co. — Franklin Co. — Lincoln Mill— Bates Manufact-
uring Company — Hill Manufacturing Co. — Androscoggin Mill — Continental Mills— The
Lewiston Mill — Avon Mill — Lewiston Bleachery — Cowan Woolen Co. — Cumberland Mill —
Union Water-Power Co. — Lewiston Machine Co. — Gay- Woodman Co. — Jordan, Frost
& Co. — Lewiston Bobbin Shoii— H. H. Dickey & Son — Lewiston Monumental Works — Other
Manufactures.

Chapter XIX 395

Railroads — County and State Agricultural Societies — Fire Department — Lewiston Gas
Light Co.— Manufacturers and Mechanics Library Association — Lewiston City Buildings —
City Park — Soldiers' Monument — Lewiston Water Works — Lewiston & Auburn Horse Rail-
road—First National Bank — Manufacturers National Bank — Androscoggin County Savings
Bank — People's Savings Bank^Board of Trade — Central Maine General Hospital — French
Hospital — Y. M. C. A. — Nealey Rifles — Frye Light Guards — Associations.

Chapter XX 406

Physicians — Merchants — Business Interests — Personal Sketches — Resume.

LISBON.— (By Asa P. Moore, Esq.).
Chapter XXI 433

Early Boundaries — Petitions — Town of Bowdoin — Incorporation of Thompsonborough —
Situation, Limits, and Formation — Surface and Soil — Description— Old Houses— Education —
Occupation of First Settlers — Early History — Other Settlers and Descendants — Early
Mills — War of 1812 — Physicians — First Town Meeting of Thompsonborough — School
Districts — Extracts from Town Records — Action in the Civil War — Civil List.

Chapter XXII 450

Religious Societies — Free Baptists — Congregationalists — Universalists — IVIethodists— Bap-
tist Church of Lisbon Falls — The Roman Catholic Church.

Chapter XXIII 456

Lisbon Business Interests — Traders, etc. — Farwell's Cotton Mills— The Farnsworth Co. —
New England Mineral Paint Co. — Personal Sketches — Lisbon Falls — Worumbo Manu-
facturing Co. — The Androscoggin Water-Power Co. — Lisbon Falls Fibre Co. — Lisbon Falls
Cooperative Association — Lisbon Falls Creamery Association — Merchants, etc. — Personal
Sketches.

WEBSTER.
Chapter XXIV 468

Incorporation — Elevations, Ponds, and Streams — Grants, Surveys, and Soil — Settlers —
Early Roads — Some First Things — Early Values — First Magistrates — Lawyers — Physicians —
Other Settlers and Descendants — First Town Meeting and Excerpts from Town Records —
Webster in the Civil War — Civil List.



viii Contents.



Chapter XXV 477

Sabattus — Saw and Grist Mills — Niles's Mills — Webster M^oolen Co. — Traders, etc.—
Sabattus CcxJperative Association— Webster Corner— Farmers— Churches— Schools.

WALES.— (By John C. Fogg, Esq.).

Chapter XXVI 485

Organization- Surface and Soil— Settlements and Settlers— Churches— Schools— Mills
and Manufactures— Civil List and Town Records— Action in the Kebellion.

GREENE.
Chapter XXVII 499

Area— Boundaries— Elevations— Ponds— Soil— Productions— The First Settlers— Petition
for Incorporation— Remonstrance Against Incorporation— Incorporation— Development of
Business— Pearly Conveyances— Valuation and Residents in 1818— Lots and Occupants in
1820— Gleanings from Town Records — Early Action Concerning Schools.

Chapter XXVIII 511

Settlers and Descendants.

Chapter XXIX 529

Baptist Church — First Meeting-House— First Church Bell — Universalism — Free Baptist
Church —Methodists — Adventists— Schools and Teachers — Temperance — Revolution — War
of 1812 — Madawaska War— Rebellion — Centennial— Longevity — Burying Grounds — Physi-
cians — Orcliardiiig and Orchardists— Merchants — Some Smart Things Done by Greene Men-
Natives of Greene Attaining Prominence — Civil List.

LEEDS.
Chapter XXX 550

Boundaries— Formation-Surface and Soil— Dead River— Its Peculiarities— Indian Vil-
lage—Thomas and Roger Stinchfield— Early Settlers— Heads of Families in the First Part
of this Century— Character of the Early Settlers— Soldiers of the Revolutionary War and
War of 1812— Early Roads.

Chapter XXXI 557

Excerpts from Town Records— First Town Meeting— First Officers— Action in the Civil
War— Civil List.

Chapter XXXII. 562

The First Baptist Church — Universalism — Methodism — The First Freewill Baptist
Church— The Quakers— Schools— Temperance— Mills— Other Industries— Sketches.

EAST LIVERMORE.— (By Cyrus Knapp, Esq.).

Chapter XXXIII 584

Incorporation— Topography— Li vermore Falls — Early Mills — Freshet— Early Business
Places and Residences— Advent of the Railroad— Hotels and Stores— Dr Millett and Lawyer
Knapp — Toll Bridge — Railroad Extension — Mills and Manufacturing — Churches — I. O.
G. T.— Camp-Ground— Physicians— Lawyers— Civil List— Personal Sketches.



Contents. ix



CITIES AND TOWNS-WESTERN DIVISION.

AUBURN.

Chapter XXXIV 599

Auburn— Indian Occupancy— Territory — Title— Surface— Soil— Early Settlers and Lots —
Incorporation— Action and Growth— Goff's Corner — Early Settlements— Stores and Trad-
ers — The Carpet Factory — First Teacher— First Hotel — Increase in Values— Business Houses
in 1851— Formation of Androscoggin County— The Great Fire— Auburn Village Corporation-
Auburn Village in 1859— East Auburn— West Auburn— North Auburn— Stevens Mills— New
Auburn.

Chapter XXXV 611

City of Auburn. — Its Growth and Prosperity — Extracts from Official Reports, etc. —
Statistics — Action in the Rebellion — Civil List.

Chapter XXXVI 027

Early Shoe Manufacturing— Progress from 1800 to 1870 — Manufacturers Twenty Years
Ago— Statistics from 1871 to 1881— Manufacturers Ten Years Ago— From 1881 to 1891— Shoe
and Other Manufactories, January, 1891 — The Shoe Companies — Other Manufacturing —
Minor Industries, etc.

Chapter XXXVII 642

Auburn Bank — First National Bank — Auburn Savings Bank — National Shoe and Leather
Bank — Mechanics Savings Bank — American Banking and Trust Co. — Auburn Trust Co. —
Municipal Court — Board of Trade — Maine Benefit Association — Auburn Loan and Building
Association — Androscoggin Land Association — Lake Auburn Fish Protective Association —
Auburn Aqueduct Co. — Little Androscoggin Water- Power Co. — Lewiston and Auburn
Electric Light Co. — Physicians — Leading Traders — Merchants and Business Men — Organ-
izations.

Chapter XXXVIIT 657

Universalist Churches — Congregational Churches — Baptist Churches — Free Baptist
Church — Methodist Episcopal Churches — Episcopal Church — Y. M. C. A. — Schools — Ladies'
Charitable Society — Auburn Art Club — Associated Charities — Public Library.

DANVILLE.— (By George Thomas Little).

Chapter XXXIX 691

Municipal Affairs — Civil List — Settlement and Social Life, etc. — Matters Ecclesiastical.

Chapter XL 703

Educational History and Lewiston Falls Academy — Biographical.

POLAND.
Chapter XLI 716

Bakerstown. — Grant of — First Location — Origin of Name — Proprietors of — "A Town-
ship Lost" — The New Grant — First Division of Lots — Action of Proprietors — Settlers and
Improvements in 1783— Petit'on of Settlers, 1785 — Bridgham & Glover Purchase — Liti-
gation — Final Settlement and Award to Little.



Contents.



Chapter XLII 725

Incorporation— Surface and Soil— Early Settlers— Hackett's Mills— Poland Corner— West
Poland— Early Traders, etc.— Early Taverns— South Poland— Poland Spring— Mechanic
Falls— Paper-Making— Poland Paper Company— Other Business Interests— Mechanic Falls
Ledger — Physicians, etc.

Chapter XLIII 7il

Congregational Churches— Universalist Church— Methodist Episcopal Church— Freewill
Baptist Churches— Adventism— Shakers— Baptist Church— Gleanings from Town Records-
Civil List.

MINOT.
Chapter XLIV 757

Incorporation — Boundaries — Name— Physical Features, Soil, Population and Valuation —
First Settler— Captain Daniel Bucknam and Descendants— Early and Other Settlers— Voters
of 1800.

Chapter XLV 768

Town Records, Happenings, etc. — Minot in the War— Civil List— Churches — Schools —
Physicians.

Chapter XLVI 779

Mechanic Falls — Minot Corner — West Minot — Some of Minot's Principal Farmers
from 1840.

DURHAM.

Chapter XLVII 791

Derivation of Name — Boundaries — Surface and Soil — Royalsborough — First Plantation
Meeting — Extracts from Plantation Records — Plantation Committees — Incorporation of
Durham — First Town Meeting — Extracts from Town Records — War of 1812 — Rebellion —
Civil List.

Chapter XLVIII 796

Prominent Early and Other Settlers — Congregational Church — First Free Baptist
Church — Quakers — Methodist Episcopal Church — Baptist Church — Universalists — Tem-
perance — Centennial — Growth and Prosperity — Hotels, Traders, etc.

TURNER.

Chapter XLIX 806

Boundaries— Township Granted— Sylvester-Cauada—Names of Proprietors— Descrip-
tion— Attempts at Settlement— Pioneer and Other Settlers— Inhabitants in 1780—1790—
1800 — Town Annals, etc.

Chapter L 815

County Roads and Taverns— Industries, Traders, etc.— Tu'uer Village— Turner Centre-
North Turner— Keen's Mills— Chase's Mills— Bridges— Civi,' List.



Contents. xi



Chapter LI 825

Ecclesiastical — Congregationalism — The Baptists — Universalism — Methodist Episcopal
Church — Meeting-Houses — Schools — Temperance — Physicians — Lawyers — Centennial —
Something About Some of the People.

LIVERMORE.

Chapter LII. 842

Situation— Soil — Incorporation — First Meeting and Names of Proprietors — Extracts from
Proprietors' Records— Something Concerning the Earliest Settlers — Early Boundaries —
What Paul Coffin Writes of the People — Other Settlers, etc.

Chapter LIII 856

Excerpts from Town Records— Early Mills— Early Traders and Tradesmen — Livermore
Village— North Livermore — Livermore Centre — Farmers — Revolutionary Soldiei's — Early
Militia — War of 1812 — Civil War — Ecclesiastical — Physicians and Lawyers — Education— The
Norlands — Washburn Memorial Library — Civil List.

Appendix — Knights of Pythias 873



ILLUSTRATIONS AND BIOGRAPHIES.



PAGE

Lewiston City Hall, 189L Frontispiece.

Hathorn Hall, 183

Cobb Divinity School, 191

Hedge Laboratory, 200

Edward Little, Esq 310

Hon. Josiah Little, 313

Hon. Edward T. Little, 315

Hon. Nahum Morrill, 320

Hon. W. W. Bolster, 322

Hon. William P. Frye, LL.D., 327

Col. Franklin M. Drew, 330

Hon. Albert R. Savage, 334

The First City Hall of Lewiston 343

Hon. Alonzo Garcelon, A.M., M.D., 420

Hon. Nelson Dingley, Jr., A.M., LL.D 422

Oren B. Cheney, D.D 426

Hon. J. L. H. Cobb, 429

Cyrus I. Barker 432



xii Contents.

Hon. William D. Pennell 432 b

Hon. Augustus Sprague, 544

Gen. Aaron S. Daggett, 546

Capt. Jabez Pratt 548

Hon. Leavitt Lothrop, 576

Giddings Lane, 577

Isaac Boothby, Jr., 579

F. D. Millett, 580

Isaiah B. Additon, 582

Albion Ricker Millett, M.D., 596

Residence of Charles L. Cushman, 599

Court Street Factory of Ara Cushman Co., 634

Edwanl Little High School, G76

Ara Cushman, 684

Residence of Ara Cushman, 686

William W. Stetson, Ph.D., 688

Albert M. Penley 690a

Hon. Adna C. Denison, 754

Josiah A. Bucknam, 788



SOMETHING ABOUT SOME OF THE PEOPLE.



PAGE

Hon. James Lowell, 415

Col. John M. Frye, 415

Maj. William R. Frye 415

Edward P. Tobie 416

Capt. Daniel Holland, 416

John Read, Esq., 417

Hon. Jacob B, Ham, 417

Prof. Thomas H. Rich, A.M., 418

I!enj. E. Bates, 428

Arcliie Lee Talbot, 432 c

Hon. Jesse Davis 458

James Maxwell 473

Samuel Simmons 473

Rev. Moses H. Harris, A.M., D.D., 5J8

Rev. Herbert Lee Stetson, D.D., 52o



Contents. xiii



Hon. Elijah Barrell 524

Alfred Pierce, M.D. 525

The Howards, 572

Rev. Samuel Boothby, 575

Capt. Ezekiel Treat 597

Jacob H. Roak 628

Rev. James Drummond, 664

Rev. A. S. Ladd, _ 672

James Goff, 679

Daniel Briggs, 679

John Dingley, (iSO

Nathan Haskell, 681

Capt. Aaron Bird, 681

Col. Nathaniel L. Ingersoll, 681

David R. Loring, 682

Col. Thomas Llttlefield, 683

Andrevr Robinson Giddinge, 713

Capt. John Penley 715

Hon. Josiah Dunn, 727

Daniel W. True 730

The Rickers, 735

Dr. Moses R. Pulsifer, 740

Rev. Zenas Thompson 745

Luther Perkins, 756

Capt. Daniel Bucknam, 758

Samuel Verrill, 762

Capt. William Ladd 763

Eliab Washburn 764

Capt. Jacob Dwinal, • . . . . 781

Gideon Bearce, 787

Jacob Leavitt, *8t58^

Ichabod Bonney 810

Benjamin Conant, 812

Rev. Charles Turner, .825

Col. William Turner 825

Rev. John Strickland 826

Rev. William E. French, A.M., D.D., 830

Rev. Madison K. Mabry, 831

Ezekiel Bradford, 835

Major General Alden Blossom, 836



xiv Contents.

David Hale, 836

Hon. Eugene Hale, 836

Hon. Job Prince 837

Hon. Rufus Prince, 837

Solon Chase 838

Hon. Jesse Drew, . 840

Deacon Elijah Livermore, 845

Lieut. Samuel Benjamin, 845

Gen. David Learned, 847

The Monroe Brothers, 849

Hastings Strickland 850

Nathaniel Perley 852

The Washburns 853

Dr. Cyrus Hamlin 868

Dr. Benjamin Bradford, 868

Hon. Timothy O. Howe, 869



HISTORY



OF



ANDROSCOGGIN COUNTY,



MAINE,



CHAPTER I.

THE COUNTY OF ANDROSCOGGIN.

Territory — Organization — Towns Included— Name^Location and Area — Agriculture,
Population, and Valuation — Manufactures and Wealth — Census Statistics — Financial Con-
dition from Organization — State Tax, 1890 and 1891.

THE territory of Androscoggin county was comprised first in York county.
Cumberland and Lincoln counties were formed June 19, 1760, the
boundary between them being the Androscoggin river "north of where
it enters the county as now bounded on the south." Kennebec county was
organized from the northern part of Lincoln, February 20, 1799, with East
Livermore, Greene, Leeds, and Wales in its limits. Oxford county was
created March 4, 1805, from the northern part of Cumberland and York, and
Livermore and Turner were incorporated with it. When Androscoggin county
was organized, March 18, 1854, it acquired its territory from Cumberland,
Kennebec, Oxford, and Lincoln counties. Auburn, Danville, Durham, Minot,
and Poland were taken from Cumberland; East Livermore, Greene, Leeds,
and Wales from Kennebec; Lewiston, Lisbon, and Webster from Lincoln;
Livermore and Turner from Oxford. Many of these towns have had a cor-
porate existence for years, some of them antedating the Revolution. The
name of the principal river of the county was appropriately given to the new
organization. 1

1 Androscoggin, acco'-aug to one authority, comes from the Algonquin Am-a-ra-skah-gin, the

turbi'l -j^-jaKrAing, crooked nake. This later became Amerascoggin, Amoscoggin, and Androscoggin.

Captain John Smith in l(i}.called the river Aumouchawgan. Another authority derives Amoscoggin



18 History of Androscoggin County.



Androscoggin county lies between 43° 50' and 44° 30' north latitude, and
69° 45' and 70° 30' longitude west of Greenwich. It is irregular in form, has
its greatest lengtli from north to south, and occupies an area of about four
hundred square miles. The Androscoggin river flows through the county
in a southerly direction, dividing it into two nearly equal parts, and with
its tributaries affords magnificent water-power for manufacturing purposes.
Originally the surface of the county was covered with a mighty growth of
pine and other valuable timber, and lumbering was the piincipal employment.
As the forests disappeared agriculture became the business of the people, and,
as the soil was unsurpassed in the southern half of the state, prosperity
attended their labors. The development of the water-powers and the attrac-
tion of capital to manufacturing enterprises has caused an outlay of millions
of dollars in these industries in the last forty years, and many more people and
much more capital is employed in manufactures than in all other branches of
business. In consequence of this development the growth has been rapid.
In 1860 the county had 29,715 inhabitants; in 1870, 35,826; in 1880, 44,967
in 1890, 48,968.

Population and Valuation hif Towns. — 1850. Auburn, population, 2,840
valuation, $400,605. Danville, 1,636; $308,715. Durham, 1,894; $376,358
East Livermore, 892; $150,035. Greene, 1,347; $220,984. Leeds, 1,652
$225,330. Lewiston, 3,854 ; $580,420. Lisbon, 1,494 ; $263,167. Livermore
1,764; $271,634. Minot, 1,734 ; $297,184. Poland, 2,660 ; $333,108. Wales
612; $111,632. Webster, 1,110; $194,439. Total population, 25,746 ; valua-
tion, $4,152,503.

1860. Auburn, 5,344; $1,224,070. Durham, 1,620; $459,376. East
Livermore, 1,029; $301,702. Greene, 1,224; $338,402. Lewiston, 7,424;
$2,426,374. Lisbon, 1,376; $404,016. Leeds, 1,390; $333,035. Livermore,
1,597; $430,779. Minot, 1,799; $546,581. Poland, 2,746 ; $517,671. Turner,
2,682; $748,218. Wales, 602; $188,642. Webster, 890; $312,015.

1870. Auburn, 6,169; $2,918,101. Durham, 1,350; $482,861. East
Livermore, 1,004; $388,680. Greene, 1,094; $439,629. Lewiston, 13,000;
$8,813,629. Lisbon, 2,014; $741,092. Leeds, 1,288; $456,348. Livermore,
1,467; $524,267. Minot, 1,569; i!610,511. Poland, 2,436 ; $765,960. Turner,
2,380; $815,684. Wales, 556; $229,359. Webster, 939; $406,434.

1880. Auburn, 9,555; $5,099,446. Durham, 1,253 ; $422,724. East Liver-
more, 1,080; $344,092. Greene, 999; $394,260. Lewiston, 19,083; $9,521,103.
Lisbon, 2,641; $1,115,760. Leeds, 1,194; $415,486. Livermore, 1,262; $430,-
709. Minot, 1,763; $720,549. Poland, 2,442; $920,057. Turner, 2,285;
$748,856. Wales, 505; $198,578. Webster, 980; $445,353.

from Jiamura, fish; kank-skow-he-fjan, spearing— fish spearing. Others stil -^ay Amoscoggin means
"fish coming in the spring." The name of the river, Androscoggin, was "-^ ^Pplied i^'oneAfl^a-



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