The Union sketch-book: a reliable guide, exhibiting the history and business resources of the leading mercantile and manufacturing firms of New York. Interspersed with many important, valuable, and interesting facts relating to the various branches of trade, manufacture and the mechanic arts. To whi online

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Online LibraryGobrightThe Union sketch-book: a reliable guide, exhibiting the history and business resources of the leading mercantile and manufacturing firms of New York. Interspersed with many important, valuable, and interesting facts relating to the various branches of trade, manufacture and the mechanic arts. To whi → online text (page 1 of 13)
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Sole Manufacturers of the


The Cheapest and Most Durable Roofing in use. Is Fire and Water

Proof. Can be applied to Roofs of all kinds, new or old,

steep or flat. The cost is less than one-half that of Tin,

and is twice as durable.


For Preserving and Repairing Tin and other Metal Roofs, is more

durable, when applied to Metals of all kinds, than any

Paint known, and far cheaper.

For Cementing Wood, Leather, Glass, China, Marble, Ivory, Bone,
Porcelain, &c., &c.



78 William Street, corner of Liberty,





Agricultural Implements, Ac., Grifflng Bros 112

Alcohol, Camphene, Ac., J. A. Webb <& Co 180

Alcohol and Liquors, Hoffman & Curtis 146

Ales, Wines, Ac., G. E. Mendum 134

American Gutta Percha Kooflng Co., Forbes <S> Willis 55

American Porcelain Photograph Co., 186

American Cement Glue, John* <& Crosley 85

Amusements, Places of, in New York 117

Artificial Flowers, R. M. Mitchill 91

Bankers, Duncan, Sherman <fc Co 188

Billiard Tables, I'helan & Collender 87

Billiard Materials, Photon <fc CoUender 87

Billiard Saloons, in New York 115

Burning Fluid, A Icohol, &c., J A. Webb 180

Candles, Soaps, Ac., J. C. Hull's Son 12

Camphcne, Alcohol, Ac., J. A. Webb 180

Central Park, New York 8

City Hospital, New York 174

City Uailroads, New York 82

Cigars, Wines, Ac., Thomas G. Little 48

Cloths, Cassimeres, Ac., Sullivan, Randolph tt Budd 109

Coal Oils, Ac., Cozeens A Co . 70

Colt's Arms Company, Hartford, Conn 159

Conn. Mutual Life Insurance Co., W. S. Dunham 128

Cordage, Twine, Ac., Wittard Harvey & Co. 127

Cracker Bakery, E. TreitdwelCe Sons 41

Currier's Oil, Hading* & Co.* 88

Daguerreotypes, Photographs, Ac., C. D, Fredericks <t Co 60

do. do. J. Gurney <k Son 68

Distillers and Rectifiers, Hoffman <fc Curtis* 145

Distances in the Citv, New York 136

Dry Goods, Ac., C. W. & J. T. Moort & Co 78

Drugs and Chemicals, Schieffelin Bros, <fe Co 16

Druggists' Articles, Schie/elin Bros. & Co 16

Drugs, Medicines, Ac., A. B. Sands <& Co 142

Envelopes, Berlin & Jones 108

Engraving, Klectrotyping. Ac., A. H. Jocelyn 175

Feathers, for Millinery. 11. M. Mitchill 9V

Fine Art Institutions, New York 115

Fire Arms, Coifs Arms Company 159

Fancy Goods, Cary, Ifmcara, Sanyer dk Co 170

Fences, N. Y. Co.'s Patent, W. tthattitclc 178

Fire Proof Safes, S. C. Herring & Co. 181

Gutta Percha Hoofing and Cement, Forbet & Will-U 65

Gutta Percha Cement Kooflng, Johns & Croxley 88

Guide to objects of Interest, in New York 61

Gunpowder, Tim Iliizanl (iiinjimcder Company 156

Hackney Cnudi Fares, in New York 187

Hazard Gunpowder Company 156

History of the Manufacture of Envelopes, Berlin it Jones 108

Hoop Skirts, L. A. Osborn 189

Hotels, in New York 96



Japanned and Planished Tin Ware, J. D. Locke 27

Johns & Crosley's Advertisements 2 and 4

Kerosene and Coal Oil, Cozzens & Co 79

Lead Pipe, Sheet Lead, Shot, <fcc, Otis, Leroy <& Co. 169

Life Insurance, W. S. Dunham 1'28

Liquors, Domestic, Hoffman A Curtiss 145

Locks, Jones' Patent, C. 8. Herring A Co .181

Medicines, Drugs. Ac., A. B. Sands A Co 142

Military Books, D. Van Nostrand 188

Millinery Goods, B. M. Mitchill 91

New York Fence Company, W. S/utttuck 178

New York City ^

New York City Hospital 174

New York City Parks 29

Objects of Interest, in New York City. 61

Oils, Candles, &c., Hustings A Co 88

Oils, Coal, Cozzens & Co 70

Paper, Envelopes, fec., Berlin A Jones 108

Perfumery and Toilet Articles, Schieffelin Bros. & Co 16

Piano Fortes, Lighte, & Bradbury 88

do. do. Raven, Bacon A Co 152

Photographic Gallery, J. Gurney & Son 58

Photographs, Daguerreotypes, &c., C. D. Fredericks A Co 50

Population of the United States, Census 1860 7

Popular Resorts, in New York 117

Porcelain, Photographs on 185

Principal Objects of Interest in New York 61

Kailroad Depots, New York 81

Boofing Patent Johns A Crosley 88

Booting, GuttaPercha. Forbes A Willis 55

Booftng Paint, Forbes & Willis outside cover.

Salseratus, Bi-Carb. Soda, Ac., fhos. Andrews A Co. 22

Scientific Books, D. Van Nostrand 1.88

Sewing Machines, Qroter, Baker A Co "66

do. do. Wheeler, Wilson A Co 98

Seeds and Agricultural Implements, Griffing Bros 112

Ship Bread and Crackers, K. TreadwelCs Sons 41

Shot, Bullets, Lead, Ac.. Otis, Leroy A Co 169

811 ver Ware, Gale A Willis 98

Soap, Candles, Ac., /fatting* A Co. 88

do. do. J. C. Hull's Son 12

Soda, Salseratus, <fcc., Thos. Andt ews A Co 22

Something about Dry Goods, C. W. A J. T. Moore A Co 78

Spring Bed Bottoms, Johns A Crosley 85

Tesselatcd Pavements, Maw A Co. 119

Theatres, in New York lit

Tiles for Floors, Mnw A Co 119

Tin Ware, Ac., J. D. Locke A Co 2T

Twine Seines, .fee.. Willard, Harvey A Co 127

Ulmcr Spring Bed Bottom, Johns A Crosl-ey 85

Vesting*, Cloths, Ac., Sullivan, Randolph A Budd 109

Whale Oils, HnMngt A Co . 88

W im-s. Cigars, Ac., Thos. G. Little 48

"Wood Kngravlng. A. If. Joc.ely* 175

Yeast Powders, Tlws. Andrews A Co 22


IN presenting oar fifth volume to the public, we would thank
them for the gratifying evidences they have given us of their appre-
ciation of our past efforts, which, in writing the present work, have
impelled us to endeavor to surpass the former ones. Oar aim has
been^ in this volame, to embody in the most condensed form, all the
most important and interesting facts relating to the origin and pro-
gress of Science, Art, Mechanics, and Manufactures, and while
giving many statistics we have endeavored to connect with them
many interesting items that should render the book both amusing
and instructive. -We have added several new features to the pre-
sent work which we hope will be found valuable to all into whose
hands it may fall*


'Tis pleasant, through the loopholes of retreat,
To peep at such a world ; to see the stir
Of the great Babel, and not feel the crowd ;
To hear the roar she sends through all her gatcSj
At a safe distance, where the dying sound
Falls a soft murmur on the uninjured car.


A writer of recent date thus briefly, but forcibly, refers to this
metropolis the great point of centralization for the enterprise of
the entire continent. It is " the centre from which radiates most of
what constitutes the prosperity and glory of the country, and to
which it is directed, as the threads which comprise the spider's web
all tend to the nucleus in its middle. The commerce, the learning,
the scientific knowledge concentrated here nay, the very geographi-
cal position of New York, with its two water approaches opening
into the ocean, covered with a net-work of steamships the two
magnificent rivers which encircle it ; the railroads which converge


in its very heart, all tend to make it the centre of civilization on the
American continent. Add to which it is thought to be as healthy
a spot as any in the world."

It now occupies the entire island from the Battery to the Harlem
river, abont fourteen miles in extent, or an area of nearly twenty-
three square miles. In 1850 upward of three thousand buildings
were erected. During subsequent years the ratio has been much
greater, while the edifices exhibit the most lavish expenditure; all
tending to prove the fact that New York does business on a large
scale. One of its latest and grandest enterprises is *


the lands of which came into the possession of the city in February,

DESCRIPTION OF THE GROUND. The tract comprises at present
840 acres, including about 142 acres belonging to the Croton Aque-
duct Department ; and it contains, besides streets and avenues, about
9,00(7 Jots (25 x 100). Its cost was $5,444,369.90, of which sum
$1,657,590 was assessed on adjoining property, leaving $3,786,779 to
be paid by the city, the money being borrowed on five per cent,
stock, payable in 1898. This is believed to have been the largest
sum ever expended in the purchase of land for a public park. The
park, as its name implies, lies in the geographical centre of New
York Island, being about five miles from the Battery and from
King's Bridge, and about three quarters of a mile from the East
river and from the North river. It is about two and a half miles
long, and. half a mile wide, being long and narrow in form, as com-
pared with other parks of equal size.

The narrow limits of this work utterly exclude the possibility of
giving a detailed description of this magnificent enterprise ; we,
therefore, content ourselves by extracting from the celebrated manual
of Mr. Valentine, the following general view :

"The most important improvement now being made in the city,
is the regulation of the Central Park, which is situated very nearly
in the geographical centre of the island, and comprises 773 acres,


bounded by Fifty-ninth street, Fifth Avenne, 106th street, and
Eighth Avenne. It is proposed to extend it to 110th street, in
order to secure the very beautiful northern slope of a large hill,
which lies mainly within the park. This extension will increase its
size to about 840 acres. The receiving Croton Reservoir, and the new
reservoir (now under construction) lie within the park, near its centre.
The Central Park is to be, in all respects, as well adapted as is possi-
ble to the recreative wants of the people of the city ; rich and poor,
old and young, strong and weak, will here find common ground ;
and the arrangement of the various parts will be such as to afford
the largest facilities for individual enjoyment, without interference
from, or interfering with, those of different tastes. Pedestrians may
roam at pleasure over twenty-five miles of walks, some fashionable
and much frequented, others retired and quiet ; or over hundreds of
acres of lawn, woodland, and meadow. In their walks they may
obtain any desirable observation of equipages and equestrians with-
out once having to cross their track on the same level, or they may
entirely seclude themselves, not only from the sight, but from the
sound of vehicles. Riders on horseback may join the throng on the
carriage-roads, or may confine their peregrinations to five miles of
bridle road, on which no vehicle will be admitted. Nearly two
miles of this ride will be about the new reservoir, where it is pro-
posed to contrive for equestrians a level road forty feet in width.
For carriages there will be nearly eight miles of broad, well-made
roadway, affording, in its course, a view of nearly every object of
interest in fche Park, but nowhere crossing on the same level, a foot
path of importance, or any portion of the bridle road. The main
entrance to the Park will be at the corner of Fifth avenue and
Fifty-ninth street, and there will be minor entrances at Seventh
avenue at either end of the Park and at convenient points along
Fifth and Eighth avenues. For tlie accommodation of business
travel across the Park, there will be provided four transverse roads,
so arranged as to pass under elevated portions of the roadways, and
to afford a direct thoroughfare across the Piirk, without obstructing
or being obstructed by pleasure travel. The prominent feature of the



Park will be a grand mall, one quarter of a mile in length, ^nd two
hundred feet in width, having a broad walk in its centre, and four
rows of elm trees extending through its entire length. This mall
will be approached at its southern end by a vestibule or lawn, orna-
mented with statuary, and it will terminate at its northern extremity
in a richly decorated water terrace and fountain. At the foot of the
terrace is the principal pond of the Park, containing nearly twenty
acres of water, and skirting the Ramble a rural promenading dis-
trict south of the receiving reservoir. It was this pond which was
filled for the benefit of skaters during the past winter."

Further and general information respecting the general features
of the Park may be obtained from an admirable pamphlet entitled
a " Guide to the Central Park," from which we extract the follow-


The Central Park may be reached by the Third, Sixth, and Eighth
avenue railroads. The Third avenue cars run from below the City
Hall, near the Astor House, via the Bowery and Third avenue, to
One Hundred and Thirtieth street, Harlem. This line runs parallel
to the Park, two blocks distant, for its entire length, and affords the
best accommodations for visiting those parts which are now most
interesting. Passengers may leave the cars at the depot (Sixty-fifth
street), and Walk across Hamilton square and a partially open street,
to the Fifth avenue, entering the Park at the Arsenal gate or at
Sixty-seventh street, the route across being tolerable in dry weather ;
at Seventy-first street, which is open to a very favorable point of
entrance ; at Seventy-ninth street, on the upper side of which there is
a good" side- walk, to the Superintendent's office ; at Eighty-sixth street,
which is Hugged to the Park, crossing it to the reservoirs ; or at One
Hundred and Ninth street, which is open to the Park near its north-
ern boundary. These cars run every two and a half minutes, each
alternate car (marked over the front " HARLEM AND YORKVILLE,
DIRECT") running through to Harlem, and the others only to Sixty-
fifth street. The fare to Sixty-fifth street is five cents ; thence to


Harlem five cents; and through the entire route from the Astor
House to Harlem, but six cents. The time from the Astor House
to Sixty-fifth street is forty-eight minutes ; to Seventy-ninth street,
fifty-four minutes; to Ninety-second street, sixty minutes, and to
Harlem, one hour and eighteen minutes. From Caual street it is
eleven minutes less than from the Astor House, and from Fourteenth
street, twenty-five minutes less. The Third avenue cars also run
every few minutes to Sixty-fifth street, and two or three times an
hour, to Harlem, all night.

The Sixth avenue cars run from the Astor House, and from Broad-
way and Canal street, via Varick street, etc., and the Sixth avenue,
to Fifty-ninth street, the lower boundary of the Park. After leav-
ing the cars, turn to the left, and enter at the first or second stile.
The first leads to a high mass of rock, whence may be had a good
view of that part of the park ; and the second, by the easiest route
to the drive.

The Eighth avenue cars start from the same points as the Sixth,
and pass, via Hudson street, etc., to the Eighth avenue, on which
they run to Forty-ninth street, whence passengers may walk, a half
mile, to the park, or until they meet, at Fifty-first street (which they
may, or may not), a small car, that runs to and from Fifty-ninth
street. From the terminus of this line, one may turn to the right,
and enter at the Seventh avenue gate, or continue up the Eighth
avenue to the Sixty-second street gate. The fare on both of these
roads is five cents, for any distance, and the cars run at frequent



To meditate, to plan, resolve, perform,
Which in itself is good as surely brings
Reward of good, no matter what be done.


" The quantity of Soap consumed by a nation," says the
celebrated Licbig in his familiar letters on chemistry, would be
no inaccurate measure whereby to estimate its wealth and civili-
zation. Political economists, indeed, will not give it this rank;
but whether we regard it as joke or earnest, it is not the less
true that, of two countries equal in population, we may declare
with positive certainty, that the wealthiest and most highly
civilized, is that which consumes the greatest weight of soap.
It is not, however, merely by the quantity consumed of this
important article, that the distinguished chemist would establish
his claims to represent the civilization of a people. The vast train
of chemical, manufacturing, and commercial operations called
into existence for its economical production, and the cheaper,
more extended, and altogether new arts and processes incident-
ally growing, out of these, would, even wfth political econo-
mists, entitle it to this rank.

The materials used in making soaps are alkalies and fatty
snl (stances, or oils, both of animal and vegetable origin ; of the
former, potash, soda, and a small proportion of lime, are em-
ployed. The artificial production and cheap supply of soda
I'niiii common salt, the alkali chiefly used, introduced about the
beginning of the present century, has since that time completely
revolutionized the business both in Europe and in this country,
and probably within the last twenty years quadrupled the con-
sumption of fats and oils The principal ones used are, tallow


and lard ; palm, olive, and cocoa-nut oils. Rosin also enters
largely into the composition of common yellow soap. Theyf
chief agency is to serve as a vehicle for the alkali, upon which
the detergent properties of soap mainly depend ; while the
combination of the latter with the fatty acids generated in
the process of saponification, subdues its caustic qualities, and
preserves the skin and the texture and colors of fabrics. Many
other important and interesting facts relating to the manufac-
ture of soap and candles might here be given, but want of
space compels us to be brief; we therefore conclude our pre-
sent article, by giving a practical illustration of the business.


This house dates its existence as far back as 1780, having
been established by a great-grandfather of the present firm, on
a small lot of ground upon the present site. Since that period
the business has passed through a succession of three genera-
tions, and is now in the hands of Charles Wager Hull, consti-
tuting an establishment of such great age, as is rarely to be
found ; and the fact of its remaining for such a length of time
in the exclusive possession of one family, is one of the surest
evidences of the thorough and practical knowledge of the
business as conducted by the above-named firm.

The reputation for excellence which the soaps of this establish-
ment have gained, is owing to the finer qualities of oils which are
used, and which are entirely free from any injurious admixture
of foreign substances so much used by many soap-makers to
give strength to common soap, and to make cheaper any soap
into which they are infused. In the production of fancy soaps,
this establishment is not equalled by any other in the United
States, comprising some seventy kinds, of all shapes, tints,
stamps, sizes, and perfumes, and which in their appearance are


truly beautiful and attractive. With reference to the candle
department, it may be said, that candles are made here by a
peculiar process, known only to this concern, and being made
in large quantities, are offered to the trade at prices far below
the mark elsewhere charged for articles of an inferior

Were it necessary, we might enumerate some 'of the leading
articles of Messrs. Hull's manufacture, which have gained great
celebrity throughout the country ; but they are so well-known,
that eulogy would add nothing to the high appreciation in
which they are already held. This being the oldest, and one
of the largest and best-regulated soap and candle factories in
the United States, it forms a matter of no surprise that its
business is so largely and widely extended, reaching to the West
Indies, and to South and Central America, and enjoying in our
own country as well, a large share of patronage. Articles
emanating from this establishment fully justify the correctness
of the foregoing statements, and as experience is necessary to
the production of perfect articles, it is to be presumed that a
period of eighty-one years has not been spent in vain ; hence
it is that the oldest customers of the house have closely adhered
to their first choice, while new ones, desiring to secure their
own interests, are not slow to avail themselves of the advan-
tages thus presented.

Among the articles for which the factory of J. C. Hull's
Son lias obtained a special and profitable celebrity, may be men-
tioned their Pure Old Palm Soap, which for many years they
have manufactured to a large extent. It is made from pure
palm oil, and is confessed equal to any imported article for the
ordinary toilet purposes, for children, and for the bath. The
known healing properties, peculiar to palm-oil, have made it
highly valued, and especially adapt it for chapped hands in cold



weather. We can recommend this truly excellent article, from
long personal familiarity with it.

Notwithstanding its great merits, it is sold much lower than
any imported soaps, and than many which are claimed to be
imported. It has a slight, pleasing, delicate perfume ; and, we
should here observe that soaps are injured whn too highly
scented, although the uninformed in these matters are often led
.to imagine that the keener the odor the better the soap.
J. C. Hull's Son likewise manufacture a very fine article of
Shaving Soap, which we can commend for its quick and abund-
ant lather, and its assistance to the razor in the smooth and
easy removal of the beard.

Another article of their manufacture, which is of great im-
portance and has come into extensive use for Hail roads, Steam-
ships, Mills, Machine shops, &c., is entitled The Imperial Lubri-
cating Oil, and amongst its merits are the following : Its first
cost is very much less than that of any other oil ; all the gum
in the oil is decomposed, so that it does not gum or clog up
the journal or bearing; it' keeps all journals cool, clean, and
bright as new, so that they do not wear or tear, and thus
much motive power is saved ; it is free from any odor ; it has
great body, and so wears well, and thus, by its durability, it
saves oil.

Conclusive testimonials as to these have been furnished to
the public from the agents, inspectors, and engineers of some
of the most extensive Railroads, Steamboats, Saw-Mills, Found-
ries, fec.; and to the Circular, containing these interesting and
important communications, we refer the many who are interested.
Wi- have no doubt its extraordinary merits will enable it to
supersede any other lubricating oil, and to^be a great saving
to all who shall use it.

Within the brain's most secret cells
A certain lord-chief-justice dwells,
Of sovereign power, whom, one and all,
"With common voice we Reason call. ,*


The importation and manufacture of drugs and chemicals
has become during the last half century among the most
important and lucrative branches of business in America, and
therefore deserves more than a passing notice.

A large proportion of the leading drugs used in the United
States, are the products of foreign countries, and must be
imported. The best antimony is imported from Hungary ;
assafoetida is the fetid concrete juice of a plant that grows in
Persia ; camphor comes from the East Indies and Japan ; cassia
from China ; jalap is a Mexican plant, found near the city of
Xalapa, after which it is named ; the best opium is the juice of
the white poppy, that grows in Turkey, Egypt, and the East
Indies.; hellebore is a native of the mountains of Switzerland
and Germany ; sarsaparilla is imported from South America,
Honduras, and Quito; senna and scammony from Arabia; the
best rhubarb from Asiatic Turkey, and so on through the whole
genus, which it would be an endless task to particularize.

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Online LibraryGobrightThe Union sketch-book: a reliable guide, exhibiting the history and business resources of the leading mercantile and manufacturing firms of New York. Interspersed with many important, valuable, and interesting facts relating to the various branches of trade, manufacture and the mechanic arts. To whi → online text (page 1 of 13)