Thomas Carlyle.

The Christian treasury, Volume 2 online

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of God. His temper (a change in which we
would almost regard as the touchstone of con
version) became meek and gentle, from having
been passionate and fierce; and his life wa^
under the manifest influence of the law 01
God.

In the spring of 1843, Francisco, after having
had distinctly set before him the probable con-
sequences of such a step, and having deliber-
ately counted the cost» communicated at the
Scotch Presbyterian Church. As ahready stated
in our sketch of the life of Nieolau Tolentino
Vieyra, a warrant was immediately issued for
the apprehension of Frandsco and Nieolau, on a

• TbU form of spMcb i» cotomon among the Portuguete,
Wt recollect occasional ly seeing an old priest, who, by Dr.
Kalley's insCnimeouHty, bad been restored to comparative
bealib whoo in a very hopeless state, and who always called
himself the Doctor's son.



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THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.



charge of blasphemy, heresy, and apostasy; but
they both succeeded in concealing themselves.
Dr. Kalley's house and premises were searched
for them by the police, with the sanction and
in the presence of the British consul; but they
were not found.

After this, Francisco and Nicolau were
obliged to remain in close hidings. During
the irksome, anxious period of their conceal-
ment the Bible was their chief— almost only —
companion, comforter, and instructor. Hidden,
we believe, for a considerable period, during
the day in a place of concealment from which
the light was excluded, they ventured out to
breathe the fresh air only after the darkness of
the night had set in; and this state of matters
continued for some months.

At length, in consequence of the turn which
Dr. £[alley'8 case took before the courts at Lis-
bon, in the end of 1843 and the beginning of
1844, this concealment was thought no longer
necessary. Francisco communicated openly at
the Free Presbyterian Church in the winter of
1844, and was not molested by the authorities.
He soon after this returned to his home, and
went about his ordinary avocations, attending
as usual to the dressing of his vines and the
cultivation of his grounds. His fazenda lay
next to that of the vicar of the parish, and his
house lay just under the vicar*s windows, so
that -he was seen daily on his return home by
his parish priest; yet no notice was taken of
him as one amenable to the laws.

When the communion in the spring of 1844
came round, Francisco waa kept back from
the Lord's table, on the ground that the young
woman formerly mentioned continued to reside
iin his house. Such a step on the part of the
! Church was perhaps necessary. At the same
I time it is proper to state, that there is no ground
for believing that there was anything wrong in
the conduct of Francisco at this time; and the
'reasons which he gave for refusing to turn
I the young woman out of his house were very
weighty, and did honour to his Christian prin-
ciples. The young woman was utterly friend-
iless, and not of a very strong mind. Unless she
got s situation as a servant, her immediate and
utter ruin was certain; and friendless, and
facile, and weak-minded as she was, in few
Portuguese families would she have been safe
from the corrupting influences which unfortun-
ately abound. Francisco well knew all this,
and therefore he felt that it was more his duty
to brave suspicion where there was actually no
guilt, than to purge himself of that suspicion by i



plunging a poor, friendless, helpless girl intoi
certain irremediable ruin. And it is pleasing
to be able to state that no part of Francisco's
after conduct gave the least reason to believe
that he was influenced in this matter by any
other than the purest and most Christian mo-
tives.

iFrancisco felt much this exclusion from or-
dinances. He was very sensitive; indeed, his
sensitiveness was almost tinged with jealousy
and suspicion. He regarded himself as in a
measure cast off by his Protestant friends; yet
he did not waver in the least in his attachment
to the truth. His affection for Dr. Kallcy re-
mained unabated, notwithstanding it was by the
Doctor's interposition that he had been debarred
from the communion. As an instance of this,
we may mention that, when a very generally
believed report prevailed that Dr. Ealley had!
been assassinated, Francisco, in the utmost i
anxiety, abandoned his work, and hastened on i
foot up to St. Antonio da Serra, a distance of
fifteen miles, where the Doctor and his family
were residing during the summer months, to
ascertain the truth of the report.

Throughout the summer of 1844, Francisco
went about the ordinary operations of his fa-
zenda in the most public manner, and met with
no molestation. But immediately after the out-
rages committed by Negrao and the military on
the inhabitants of the Lombo das Fayas, it
seems to have occurred to the authorities that
their motives for treating Nicolau as they had
done would be very open to suspicion, were
they to allow Francisco to continue at liberty.
People would be apt to think that it was Nico-
lau's school that was his real offence, and not^
as pretended, his heresy and apostasy. It was,
therefore, determined to apprehend Francisco ;
and as he was known to be at home, and unsus-
picious of any such movement, no doubt was
entertained of his capture. Accordingly, about
three weeks after the attempt to seize Nicolau,
the authorities, with the utmost privacy, took up
the process against Francisco, had six copies of
the warrant made out instantly in their presence,
and sent eighteen men, each three armed with
a warrant, to surround Francisco's house, that
his escape might be impossible. By a singular
providence Francisco, suspecting nothing, had
left his grounds to go up to the house of Dr.
Kalley on some piece of business, just as the
officers were approaching them from the oppo-
site direction. The officers, therefore, searched
the house and grounds in vain — no Francisco
was to be found there. They also searched the



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459



house of a neighbour with whom Francisco was
intimate. In the meantime some one had has-
tened to Dr. Kalley's with information of what
was going on; and Francisco immediately sought
a place of shelter and concealment.

Judge Negrad and the public prosecutor
were meanwhile awaiting the issue in the
judge's house. Their disappointment and rage
were great when the officers came back without
their prisoner; for from the turret they had,
with a glass, seen Francisco in his grounds at
the very time that the officers were on their
way to them; and they vehemently abused
them for a parcel of dogs, who had permitted
I him to slip from among their hands.

Christian friends at one time thought that it
.might be advisable for Francisco to give him-
self up, and take his trial for the offences al-
, leged against him. But the unfairness of the
decisions by the courts in these cases connected
with religion, which was daily becoming more
apparent, and the remarkable interposition of
; Providence, which had prevented Francisco's
capture when it seemed inevitable, led them
afterwards to entertain a different opinion*
I Francisco, therefore, was received into the house
I of a British subject, where he remained con-
jcealed three months and a-half— shut up by
•himself all day, and only stealing out occasion-
ally in the dark moonless nights, to pay a hur-
ried visit to his family. Several times during
that period the police surrounded and searched
his house at dead of night, in the hope that the
yearnings of natural affection might have drawn
him thither; but the true place of his conceal-
ment was never suspected.

During those anxious and trying months,
Francisco's chief companion was his Bible. It
was his great delight to read and study God's
Holy Word. The Portuguese Bibles have no
marginal references. Francisco had felt the
importance and benefit of comparing Scripture
with Scripture. He had seen the marginal
references in the English Bible, and perceived
their value. He did not understand English, and
therefore could not well himself use those refe-
rences, but many an hour did he spend with the
gentleman in whose house he was concealed,
reading the Word of God, and marking on a
paper, for transference to his Portuguese Bible,
the parallel passages read off to him from the
marginal references. He also occupied himself
betimes in a little handicraft work, at which he
, was very expert — constructing and repairing
' little articles of furniture.

It beoame now a serious question what ought



to be done. There was no hope of Francisco
being permitted to return to his home; for in
addition to what has been mentioned, he was at
law with the vicar of theparish, who was superior
of part of his fazenda, and it was not likely that
the vicar, in these circumstances, would allow
the charge of heresy and apostasy to drop.
For want of his presence and superinten-
dence, also, his worldly affairs were by no
means prospering; his fazenda was entered by
plunderers, his property stolen, and his law-suit,
with the weight of the vicar's influence in the
scale against him, did not improve his circum-
stances.

Whilst Francisco's friends were daily becom-
ing more anxious on his account, a most unex-
pected opening was made in Providence for
his deliverance. A letter was received from a
minister of the Free Church of Scotland, on his
way to a sphere of duty in a distant part of the
British dominions, stating that in the field of
labour to which he was proceeding, there were
many Portuguese, expressing an anxiety for
their spiritual welfare, and oisking if he could
be furnished with a converted Portuguese from
Madeira, to labour among them as a catechist.
Francisco was thought to be just the sort of
person wanted — steady, intelligent, well ac-
quainted with his Bible, and willing to spend
and be spent in Christ's service. The situation
was proposed to him, and at once accepted.

But then there was the difficulty of getting
him off the island. A British steamer was
going to Gibraltar with passengers, now leav
ing Madeira after their winter sojourn. By
the management of a relative, Francisco was
got on board that vessel, and came to England
under the care of a gentleman who felt a deep
interest in him. That gentleman brought hinr
to London, till arrangements should be made
for sending him out to the field of labour
which it was designed he should occupy. There
he met with much kindness. On an early
Sabbath after his arrival, he communicated at
Regent Square Church (the Rev. James Hamil-
ton's), and expressed himself greatly delighted
and refreshed.

But that crooked stinging serpent. Popery, got
her basilisk eye on poor Francisco, even in Pro-
testant London. Somehow or other, we cannot
tell by what means, a Roman Catholic country-
man got access to him. That individual fiist
remonstrated with Francisco for renouncing
Popery, and endeavoured to prevail on him
to return to the bosom of mother Church,'
Failing in 'this attempt, he tried to lead



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THE CHBISTIAN TREASURY.



him to improper places. This plan, too, not
succeeding, he offered to lend him money,
in the hope, it is supposed, of entangling him,
and getting him into his power, and at the
same time causing him to lose the confidence
and countenance of his Protestant friends.
By the grace of God, Francisco was enabled
to escape the snares thus laid for him, and
to resist all the wicked and cunning schemes
of Popery to pervert his principles, entangle
him in its meshes, and involve him in ruin.
But though disappointed and hitherto foiled,
the agent of Popery determined to make
one effort more. He called with a cab for
Francisco, and invited, pressed him, to take
a drive with him. This Francisco absolutely
declined, and he began now to be seriously
alarmed at the persevering attentions of his
Popish countryman. In this alarm his friends
in London in some measure participated. When
the unscrupulous means which Popery is known
to employ for accomplishing her ends are con-
sidered, it is not surprising that fears began to
be entertained for poor Francisco's safety. Once
in the hands of the agents of Popery, the poor
stranger, who could neither speak nor under-
stand a word of our language, could easily be
disposed of so as to cause no farther trouble as
a convert to Protestantism, and a witness for
the truth. Francisco dreaded lest he should
be kidnapped. Under this fear he refused to
leave the house, and became very sad and dispi-
rited. In this state Dr. Kalley found him when
he came to England in July 1845. Right glad
was poor Francisco to see again his old friend
and teacher. Arrangements were now made
for his leaving England, and in a few weeks he
sailed from London to occupy a sphere of labour
in the far distant land to which he had been
called.



PREACHING CHRIST.*

BT THB REV. JAKES SHERMAN.

Dear Brother, let Christ have a prominent place
in your sermons. Rather be accused of sameness,
tautology, and wanderine from your subject, than
tail to introduce him. Why, he & the bread of life,
on which starving souls are to feed, and hunger no
more— the water of life, which thirsty souls are to
Jrink, and never die; he is the " tree of life/' under
which weai^ souls are to repose, and find his fruit
iweet to their taste. Omit hun, and you cease to be
A good minister of Jesus Christ. Ruther adopt the
language of Paul as your motto : " Whom we preach,
warning every man m all wisdom, that we may pre-
sent every man perfect in Christ Jesus.**

* From a uiefUl selection, for mlniiterc and preachers*
lutt puUUbed, by the Ker. Dr. Burnt of London.



May I say, Whom should you preach but Christ ?
Brother, he bid aside his robes of Ikfat and glory, '
and came from heaven on an errand of mercy for
you : he assumed human flesh, took upon him the
form of a servant, and tabemaded on ewth fer you : i
he humbled hhnself, and became obedient unto death, |
even the death of the cross, to save your precionsbut
sinful soul : he gave you his good Spirit, called you
out of darkness into lus marveUous Hghi, counted yon ;
faithful, and put you into the ministry— the highest
honour he can confer upon a mortal — and he intends



you ever need any

about him ? Why. his Tery name, as Bemara says,
should be *' honey m your mouth, melody in your ear,
and a jubilee in your heart.** The very stones would
cry out against you, if you should hold your peace,
and not magnify Christ with the best member that
you have. Therefore, let the deity and glory of
Christ, which, like a mine of gold, runs thrmigh the
whole of Scripture; the atonement of Christ, which
is the basis of a sinner *s hope; and the example of i
Christ, the perfect model of a sabit*8 deportment —
be the leading and constant topics of your ministry.
Faithfulness to your commission, and love to your,
Master, demand that you should ** Ailly preach the
Gospel of Christ.**

Do not be afraid of introducing the distinguisfiiBg
doctrines of the Gospel qfUn mto your sermons.
Many pious ministers, from a dread of Antinomianism, '
that worst of Satan*s heresies, spreading among their
congregations, have occasi o nally only, and then very
sparingly, mentioned the truths which are the great
source and motive of all eyangelioal holiness, but
the apostles did not so preach Christ They preached
the doctrines practically, and the jirecepts evangeli-
cally. They based practice upon doctrine. From
what in modem language would be termed the high
doctrines, they drew the most powerftil incentives to
holiness. I

Will preaching the sovereign love of God, lead
men to sin against him ? — **• According as he hath
chosen us. in him, that we should be holy, and wi^
out blame before him in love** — **We are bound
to give thanks always to God for you, brethren, be-,
loved of the Lord, because God hath from the begp-
ning chosen you to salvation through sanotifieation
of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.** I

WiU the finished salvation of Christ?— No; it is
represented as proaucing shnilar fruits: ^ Who gave
hims^ for us, that he might redeem us from all ini-,

J[uity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zea-
ous of good works.** Will the aoctrine of justifica-'
tion by fiiith in the imputed righteousness of Christ ?
— Our Saviour publishes the doctrine of jtutification
as a motive to abstinence from sin : ** Neither do I con- '
demn thee; go, and sin no more.** Licentiousness,
cannot abound among your hearers if you thus preach, t
The doctrines will necessarily, when thus practiovJly >
applied to the conscience by irresistible motiyes, pro- 1
duce the most correct morality. As Bishop Home '
beautifully remarks, '* To preach practical sermons, I
as they are called — t. «., sermons cq>on vices and vir- !
tues— without inculcating those great Scripture truths
of redemption and grace, which alone can excite and
enable us to forsake sin and follow after righteous-
ness; what is it but to put together the wheels and
set the hands of a watch, forgetting the spring which
is to make them all go ?** Whatever, therefore, you
ftnd in the Bible, dear brother, preach. It will not
be necessary that you should give undue prominence
to offensive truths, or that you should confine your-
self to the phraseology of particular schools; but, as
far as in you lies, preach the whole counsel of CKkL



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461



Then, as Robert Hall eloquently remarks, " a mora-
lity more derated and pure than is to be met with
in the pages of Seneca and Epictetus will breathe
through your sermons, founded on a basis which
ercry understanding can comprehend, and. enforced
by sanctions which nothing but the utmost stupidity
can despise; a morality, of which the love of God, and
a deroted attachment to the Redeemer, are the plas-
tic soul, which pervading every limb, and expressing
itself in every Imeament of the new creature, gives it
a bean^ all his own. As it is the genuine miit of
just and affecting views of divine truth, you will never
sever it from its parent stock, nor indulge in the fruit-
less hope of leadmg men to holiness, without strongly
imbumg them with the spirit of the Gospel. Truth
and holiness are in the Christian system so intimate-
ly allied, that the warm and faithful inculcation of the
one lays the whole foundation for the other."

BT THE REV. J. A. JAMES.

Preach Chbist.— The pulpit is intended to be a
pedestal for the cross, though, alas ! even the cross
Itself, it is to be feared, is sometimes used as a mere
pedestal for the preacher*s fame. We may roll the
thunders of eloquence, we may dart the coruscations
of genius, we may scatter the flowers of poetry, we
may dtfiuse the light of science, we mav enforce the
precepts of morality from the pulpit; bi}t if we do
not make Christ the great subject of our preachin;r,
we have forgotten our errand, and shall do no good.
2iatan trembles at nothing but the cross : at this he
does tremble: and if we would destroy his power, and
extend that noly and benevolent kingdom, which is
righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, it
must be by means of the cross.

Christ Cruci fied.— Yes I give me but a bam, the
very shadow of St. Paul's Cathedral, and ^ve me a
man who shall preach Christ crucified, with some-
thing of the energy, which the all- inspiring theme is
calculated to awsSen; and in spite of the meanness
of the one, and the magnificence of the other, you
shmll see the former crowded with the warm and
pious hearts of living Christians, while the matins
and vespers of the latter, if the Gospel be not
'preached there, shall be chanted to the cold and
cloistered statues of the mighty dead.

BT the rev. dr. CHALMERS.

' I cannot but record the effect of an actual though
undesigned experiment which I prosecuted for up-
wards of twelve years. For the greater part of that
time, I could expatiate on the means of dishonesty —
on the villany of fedsehood — on the despicable arts of
calumny — in a word, upon all those deformities of
character which awaken the natural indignation of
the human heart against the pests and disturbers of
human society. Now, could I, upon the strength of
these warm expostulations, have got the thief to give
up his stealing, and the evil speaker his censorious-
ness, and the liar his deviations from truth, I should
have felt all the repose of one who had gotten his
ultimate obiect. Tt never occurred to me, that all
this might have been done, and yet the soul of every
hearer have remained in full alienation from God;
and that even could I have established in the bosom
of one who stole, such a principle of abhorrence at
the meanness of dishonesty, that he was prevailed
upon to steal no more, he might stiU have retained a
heart as completely unturned to God, and as totally
unpossessed by a principle of love to him, as before.
In a word, though 1 might have made him a more
upright and honourable man, I might have left him
as destitute of the essence of religious principle as
ever. But the interesting fact is, that during the



whole of that period in which I made no attempt
against the natural enmity of the mind to God; while
I was inattentive to the way in which this enmity is
dissolved, even by the free offer on the one hand,
and the believing acceptance on the other, of the
(iospel salvation; while Christ, through whose blood
the sinner, who by nature stands afar off, is brought
nigh to the heavenly Lawgiver whom he has offended,
was scarcely ever spoken of, or spoken of in such
a way as stripped him of all the importance of his
character and his offices: even at this time I cer-
tainly did press the reformation of honour, and truth,
and integrity among my people; but I never once
heard of any such reformations having been effected
amongst them. If there was anything at all brought
about in this way, it was more than ever I got any
account of. I am not sensible that all the vehemence
with which I urged the virtues and the proprieties of
social life, had the weight of a feather on the moral ha-
bits of my parishioners. And it was not till I got im- 1
pressed by the utter alienation of the heart in all its
desires and affections from God ; it was not till recon- <
ciliation to him became the distinct and the prominent |
object of my ministerial exertions; it was not tilli
I took the scriptural way of laying the method of re-
conciliation before them; it was not till the free offer!
of forgiveness through the blood of Christ was urged |
upon their acceptance, and the Holy Spirit given!
through the channel of Christ *s mediatorship to all I
who ask him, was set before them as the unceasing |
object of their dependence and their prayers; it was:
not, in one word, till the contemplations of my peo-
ple were turned to these great and essential elements
m the business of a soul providing for its interest with
God, and the concerns of its etenuty, that I ever heard
of any of those subordinate reformations which I
aforetime made the eariiest and the zealous, but I
am afraid at the same time, the ultimate, ooject of
my earlier ministrations.



RECOLLECTIONS OP A MISSIONARY.

(From the Presbyterian Misnofuiry CkronieU,)

It was a very hot day in August 184-, and I was
lying on a couch suffering from debility induced by
the heat of a tropical summer. W hile thus reclining,
the physician of the place, a serious and moral man,
but at that time making no professions of piety, called
to see me. He said he had a patient recently brought
irom a neighbouring city, and dangerously ill of a
disease at that time prevailing, who expressed a wish
to see an evangelical clergyman; and that he (the
physician) would be much pleased if I wcnld call on
him. I went immediately, and on being shown into
the sick-TOom, found a young-looking man, who held
out his hand and expressed much gratification that I
had called. His Bible was lying on a chair at his bed-
side, and it was not many minutes before he had told
me fully and frankly his state and feelings. He was
the son of a pious man, who had done much for the
cause of missions in his own land. He himself had
united with the Church in his youth, and for several
years maintained a fair character, and thought him-
self a Christian. Of bite, however, and especially
since coming to this heathen land, he had greatly
backslidden, and, as he said, had so fax forgotten his



Online LibraryThomas CarlyleThe Christian treasury, Volume 2 → online text (page 107 of 145)