Thomas Carlyle.

The Christian treasury, Volume 2 online

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tells us who is like to be his bed-fellow. (Eph. iv.
26, 27.) ")knger resteth in the bosom of fools."
(Ecoles. viL 9.) And weU may it provoke a child,
though criminal, to see his father's bosom, where



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THE CHRISTIAN TREA8UBY.



once he lay, to be now become anger*8 oouch and
Satan^B pillow.

Thna 70a see that irregular paanona in seTere
parents are no little pcoTOcations and spurs to sm
and wrath in their disobedient children: they are
like those smart cantharides or Spanish flies— the
most speedj and effectual means to raise blisters*—
Lyt.

THE HAND OP GOD IS HERE.

Michel was under-sheriff to Sir Anthony Hunderfbrd
in the last year of Queen Mary. When the writ for
the execution of Richard White and John Hunt was
brought to Mr. Michel, instead of burning them, he
burnt tA« wrii; and before the same oould be renewed.
Dr. Cteffirey (the bloody Chancellor of Salisbury, who
had procured it), andH^ueen Mary were both dead,
to the miraculous preserration of God'*s poor servants.



LINES ON A SAMPLER.

Jesus ! permit thy gracious name to stand
As the first effort of an infants hand;
And as her fingers on the sampler more.
Engage her tender heart to seek thy lore :
With an thy children may she have a part;
And write thy name, thyself, upon her heart.

PETER'S EARLY MISTAKE.

'< When Simon Peter saw it (the miraculous draught
of fishes),*he fell dojim at Jesus' knees, sarins. De-
part from me; for I am a sinful num, O Lord.*'
(Luke T. 8.) Foolish man ! to whom should the
physician oome but to -the sick ? and foolish thing,
to imagine that the patient most be recoyered be-
fore he oomcs !• "^



WHAT IS MAN?

I soMXTiinu see, as I sit in my pew during the ser-
rice, an idle fellow saunter in. He gapes about him
for a few minutes; finds nothing to interest or aiffect
him; seems soarody to understand what is going fot-
ward; and after a lounge or two, goes out again. I
look at him and tlnnk, *< Tou are a wenderful crea-
ture ! A perfect miracle ! What a madiine is that
body l-'cuiioosly— fearftdly*— wonderfysdly framed !
An intricate, delicate, but harmonlmis and perfect
■Iru c tur e ! And then, to ascend to your soid !~it8
nature !— its eapadties !— its actual state !-4t8 desig-
nation !— 4ts eternal condition ! — I am lost in amaae-
ment I '* While he seems to have no more otmsciou*-
ness of aO this than the bnttes which perish.—
CteO.



GOD OUR PORTION.

QoD does not offer me health, long Sfe. plenty of
worldly accommodations, respect, distinction, prkici-
palitles, unirersal empire; but, O unutterable ^raoe t
he offers me himself. The greatness of the thmg, so
infinitely transcending all that we can deserre, hope
for, or oonceiye, overwhelms the understanding, and



is apt to stifle our belief of it " They belioTed not
for joy." (Luke xxir. i\.,)^Adam,

Abraham sent away the sons of the concubines with
a few gifts ; but he settled the inheritanbe upon Isaac.
(Gen. xxT. 5, b'.) Ck>d sends away the wicked witii !
riches and honour, but makes over himself to his |
people. They haye not only the gift, but the Gi^er. >
And^what can be more? As Micah said, *<What
haye I more ? ^ ( Judg. xriii. 24^ : so what hath ,
Gk>d more to give than himself r What greater
dowry than Deity t God is not only the saints* re- {
warder, but their "< reward.'' '< The Ahnigbtry afaaU
be thy gold.'' (Job xxiL 25.) The sum of all is: the
saints' portion lies in God : *' The Lord is the portioD
of mine inheritance and of my cup." (Pa. jcn. 5.) —
Watton,



WANT OF TIME.
When a man says he has not time for a things he I
means that he does not choose to derote that portion '
of time to it which is necessary, if it is to be done at
all; in other words, he prefers to ^ye the same por-
tion of time to something else. Mr. Law obseryea,
in his *<Serious Call," that "the greatest of all
wants is the want of inteation."



How mean that snuff of glory fortune UgJitSy
And death puts out t

We often want to know too much, and too aomL
We wpnt the light of to-morrow, but it will not come
tiU to-morrow. And tiien a slight turn, perhaps,
will throw such ^sht on our path that we shall be
astonished we saw not our way before. "IcanwMt»"
says Layater. This is a high attainment We m»st
hiour, therefore, to be quiet in that path from which
we cannot recede without danger and eriL — CeeiL

World — its EMpnirEss. — ** Whoso drinketii of
this water shall thirst again." (John iy. 18.)

SoaNiAns.— A band of baptiMd Tork0. - i>lo£WNL

There are some soHtary creatures, who seem to
haye left the rest of mankind only as Eye left Adam, 1
to meei the devU in private.

One reason why the world Is not reformed is, be-
cause eyery man would haye others make a be^nning^
and neyer thinks of hims^ — A.d«m,

My great controyersy is with myself; and I am re-
solyed to haye none with others till I haye put thinga
upon a better footing at home. — Ibid,

If there is any person to whom you fsel didike, ;
that is the person of whom you ought neyer to speak.

The best proof of sincerity is consistency; or. as
Archbishop Leigfaton has it, one action like anotner,
and all like Jesus Christ.

Popery the Union of Christianity with Pagak-
ISM. — ^There is something odd happens in the mixing
of Pa^panism with Christianity. The appearance <^
Christianity remains, the substance eyaporates : the
appearance of Paganism yanishes, the substance re- j
mains. — Adain.

Giye what thou canst, without Thee we are poor;
And with thee rich, take what thou wilt away.

■-"Co WJW^m



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653



WHEN DO WE HALLOW THE SABBATH-DAY?



1. Whcx we make God's hallowing aiid
I sanctifying it our motive and argument to
' sanctify it, by a holy observation of it. When

that which God hath called "^holy** by his di-
vine sanction, we dare not call ^common and

, profane" by prostituting of it to unsuitable
actions, words, or thoughts. There is a real
calling it " unholy," as well as Toeal. He or she
that spends the day, or any part of it, in doing

' evil, or in doing nothing, or in doing nothing
to the purpose, he proclaimeth to the world
what he caUeth the day, although he speak not
a word. He speaks his heart by interpretation;
and when all is done, our works are more cre-
dible interpreters of our hearts than our words
or profession. ** Why call ye me Lord, Lord,

, and do not the things which I say ! " (Luke vi.

1 46.) Then we 6«K«w it holy, when we Awp it

; holy.

2. Then we call the Sabbath *holy" when
we sanctify ourselves for the Sabbath, and for
the ordinances of the Sabbath. If we have no
care what frame of spirit we bring with us into
the day, nor with what frame we drive through
it, we are far from calling the Sabbath ''the
holy of the Lord." ''For their sakes," saith
our Lord, "I sanctify myself.* (John xvii. 19.)
I iandify mytdf; that is, "I separate myself
wholly for Uie work of a Redeemer." If the
Lord Jesus separated himself for our sakes,
should not we much more separate ourselves for
his I Then we believe Christ to be our holy Re-
deemer, when we labour to be an holy people —
"holy as he is holy;" and then we have high,
venerable thoughts of the holiness of the Sab-
bath, when we labour to be holy as the day is
holy. An unsuitable spirit b aprofanaiion of the
Sabbath. The day holy, but we unholy — what
a reproach is this 1 " Holiness becometh thine
house for ever*' (Ps. xciii. 6); as if he had
said, that ceremonies were to continue but for
a time; but " holiness is the standing qualifica-
tion of thy day and of thy worshippers for
ever."

3. When we make holiness, in the beginning
and increase of it, our design in our sanctifying
of the day, and of our attendance upon the or-
dinances — ^when we make holiness our busi-
ness. It is the great end for which God bath
ordained a Sabbath. " Verily, my Sabbaths ye

No. 47.*



shall keep : for it is a sign between me and you
throughout your generations; that ye may know
that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you."
(Exod. xxxi. 13; Ezek. xx. 12.) Not a cere-
monial sign, but a moral sign, a covenant sign,
a kind of a sacramental sign, a medium to ef-
fect what is promised in the covenant, as water
in baptism, and bread and wine in the Lord's
supper. (I Cor. xi. 23-26.) O when God's de-
sign and man's design meet; when God makes
a Sabbath for a medium to make his people holy,
and they keep a Sabbath that they n>ay be holy;
this is excellent, this is to call the Sabbath " the
holy of the Lord." When we labour to bring
as much holiness as we can into a Sabbath, and
to bring more holiness out of a Sabbath, to come
out of God's day more holy than we came into
it; this is to sanctify a Sabbath indeed. i

4. Then we call it "holy," when the more
pure and holy the Sabbath'is kept, and the more
purely and holily the ordinances are dispensed,
the more our souls do love them, the more
beauty and glory we do see in them— as
David expresseth his affection to the word :
" Thy word is very pure : therefore thy servant
loveth it." (Ps. cxix. 140.) It is very sad, when,
the more purely and the more holily the word
is dispensed, the more people dblike it, and
pick quarrels with it; as that vile people did,
who cried to their prophets, "Prophesy not; or,
if you will be prophesying, prophesy imooik
tJUngi, sermons that will go down pleasantly,'
discourses of peace, that will not trouble our
consciences, nor cross our corruptions; but cause
the Holy One of Israel to cease from before usj*
(Isa. XXX. 10, 11.) It was "the Holy One of
Israel," &c, the title which the prophets used
in their sermons; but their ears were so tender
they could not bear it. If the prophets would
prophesy of the merciful One of Israel, and of the
bountiful One, the omnipotent One, &c., let them
go on. But they cared not so much for holi- t
ness and strictness, as they pressed upon them |
from day to day: this did not please their palate.
So when it is thus with a people in reference
to other ordinances, prayer and the sacraments, i
the more corrupted they be with the mixtures [
of men, and of human inventions, the more ac- '
ccptance and applause they find; this argues .
that men seek not "Christ for Christ's sake," |



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nor ordinances for their purity, nor Sabbaths
because they be holy days of au holy God.

When to get holinesi, and to grow in holi-
ness, is our design in sanctifying Sabbaths; when
we sanctify Sabbaths that God may "sanctify"
us by his Sabbaths and **by his truth," as our
Lord prayeth (John xvii. 17), then we do call
and account the Sabbath indeed •* the holy of
the Lord."

5. We do truly count the Sabbath ** the holy
of the Lord," when we come out of Sabbaths,
as Moses came down from the mount — with our
faces shining; when we bring with us the
sarour of Christ, his sweet ointments upon our
garments (Ps. xlv. 8); when they with whom
we converse may take notice that we "have
been with Jesus." (Acts iv. 13.) It is sad when
men come out of a Sabbath just such as they
came in — as vain and loose, as proud, worldly,
wanton, "lovers of pleasures more than lovers
of God;" in a word, os fit for sin as they were
before.

They sanctify the Sabbath, Indeed, who can
in truth say with the apostle, "We all, with
open face beholding as in a glass," or mrror^
" the glory of the Lord, are changed into the
same image from glory to glory, even as by
the Spirit of the Lord." (2 Cor. iii. 18.)
When the Sabbath leaves its image and im-
press upon us, in some measure, then we do
count it and keep it holy. Surely the Sab-
bath is the very spring upon which the holy
conversation of the whole week is turned and
moved. And therefore it is observable that the
Sabbath stands, as it were, betwixt the two tables
— the last precept of the first table, and the
preface to the seoond-*to show us that it is
the bond of union between both tables; that,
without a severe sanctification of the Sc^bath,
the duties of both tables will fall to the ground.
Whence, in the primitive times of Christianity,
the strict observation of the Sabbath was ac-
counted the principal character of a tme saint.
And 80 it is even at this day : there are no
such Christians, for ezempliuy hfdinaas, as
those who are taken notice of to make most
conscience of sanctifying the Sabbath.



THE IfATIVE PROTESTANT CHURCH IN
MADEIRA— ITS RISE, SUFFERINGS, AND
OVERTHROW.

Wk lately gave a sketch of the life of Nicolan
Tolentino Vieyra, and Francisco Pires Scares,
the first two converts from Popery in Madeira.
They have been only the first-fruits of a large



ingathering to the Lord from among the Booum
Catholics of that ishmd.

From the time that he was liberated from
prison, in January 1844, down till January 1845^
Dr. Kalley continued his expositions of Scrip-
ture, without any molestation from the Por-
tuguese authorities, except that the proccaa
against him in the courts of law was dragging^
its slow length along. These expositions wef«
numerously attend A both in Fmichal and in
St. Antonio da Serra, where the Doctor resided I
during the summer months. In addition toi
this, me ]^le was pretty extenavely circulated |
among the people. There is no law of Portoealj
prohibiting the introduction of Bibles into U»e
country; any number may be passed throoghj
the custom-house on paying a certain dntyt
levied on books. Neither is there any law
against circulating the Word of God, though
of course the priests, when they came to kaowi
what the Bible was, and saw its effects, used alli
the power of the Church to prevent ihe people
from receiving or keeping it. Many copies ot|
the Portuguese Scriptures were therefore im-,
ported, and sold or given to the people, wlio
showed the greatest possible eagerness to obtaiB
them. Farther, to call the people's attentistt
to the way of salvation, and to insitroct them in
the knowledge of it, Dr. Kalley cansed to be
printed several little tracts, containing a plain,
simple statem^it of some of the leading funda-
mental truths of the Grospel, and one of these^
tracts he was in the practice of giving to orety
patient who consulted him. By these iBsana,
when Dr. Kalley gave up his public expositiooa
in February 1845, in consequence of an agree-
ment with the Portuguese Govemmeat, into
which, by the pressure of circumstances, he
was compelled to enter, the seed of the Word
had been scattered far and wide among tiic
people. Many were beginning to foel the power
of the tmth; and some hs^ already pass
from darkness into li^ht, were worshii^iinK
God in the ^lirit, rcjoicu|p in Christ Jeans, and
had no confidence in the fledi. Perhaps abont
twenty individuals had at this time formally
and fully renounced Popery.

Just at the period ^en Dr. Kalley was
compelled to discontinue his expositionB, ^le
Rev. William H.Hewit8on arrived in Mttdeirt^
During a short sojonm of three or fonr moaths
at Lisbon he had acquired snch a knowledge of
the Portuniese langnafe, as enabled him to be
understood by the Madeirenses. At the time
of his arrival the people were in great affliction,
by reason of their having been deprived of the
i^iritual instruction which thev had fbr some
time enjoyed. Mr. Hewiftson Imew the valae
of souls, he was fhU of zeal for the glory of
Christ, he saw a people as sheep without a she^
herd, yet desiring intensely the green pastnres
and still waters, and he gave himself at once
earnestly and affectionatcdy to tiie work of tMr
instruction. In his labours Dr. KaDey took no



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51



part, as he felt himself bound to keep strictly
to the terms of his a^freement with the Portu-
guese Government. Mr.Hewitson acted entirely
on his own responsibility, taking for his warrant
his llaster's commandment, ^Preach the Gos-
pel to every creature." His t^^aching was pecu-
liarly adapted to the wants of these poor people,
and they soon were strongly attached to him.
His position became a deeply interesting, bat
exceedingly difficult, and in some respect a
I very painful, one. On the one hand, the people
were pressing for instruction beyond what his
I utmost strei^th, though he had been left at
i perfect freedom, could supply. On the other
J hand, he was suspected by the Popish authori-
, ties, civil and ecclesiastioal, watched, and more
than once officially interdicted; and he felt it
I no easy matter to steer a right course between
' a prudent caution in his proceedings, and faith-
, frdness to the Lord Jesus and to souls. But
j onward he went, and the Lord was with him.
The people continued to steal to him in small
I parties, and often by night. So anxious far
instruction were they, and yet so fearM and
cautious, that from a distant part of the island
! a band of them was wont to start towards dusk,
and reachiog Funchal about midnight, they
slept on the "^ste floor in an unfurnished part of
Mr. Hewitson's house^ received instructions
from him in the morning, spent the day in
I his house, enjoyed another exposition towards
evening, and wtai the shadows of the night
fell, set out on tfaair return to their distant
home.

A signal blessing descended on Ifr. Hewit-
t son's instrucUons. A considenible number
idond peaoe in beUeving on the Lord Jesus
Clirist. Tliese became preachers of lighteous-
I ness to their neighbours, and thus ^e know-
I ledge and love of the truth continued to ex-
I tend and deepen. A marked change of temper
and life bore witness that many were savin^y
I oimverted, and of these some had oaoe bMn
' bitter perseontors. Many others were reading
I tlie fiibe^ were mder convictions of sin, and
! were inquiring after ihe way of salvation.
They met secomy, in eaoh other's oottaffes, to
read the Scriptures, to ta& together of what
tiiey read, and to pray. At dead of mght,
parties of them assembled with Mr. Hewitson
fyr worship, aad to celebraA^ the oommimion.
Hatred and terror were around them, but they
were full of love and peaoe. Marvellous was
Uieir hungering and thirstingfor the Word — un-
sjpeakable was their joy. At one of their mid-
night meetings Mr. Hewitson ordained elders
BBod deacons over them, and the Lord seemed
to be daily adding to his Ohureh in Madeira.

But a fearful storm has burst on that little
flock. By tlie constitutional charter of Portu-
gal, the citiaens of that kingdom may be of
what religion they please, provided they respect
the religion of the State. But the priesthood
and the civil anthorities kiMadeim combined



in trampling on this provision of the charte
From time to time several of the Bible Cbri
tians were imprisoned and fined; one was co;
demned to death; several were beaten in the
houses, or on the highway, imd the Govemme:
did not punish, but seemed rather to enoourag
the perpetrators.

As the number of Bible Christians increase
tiie hatred of Popery to them and to the trut
waxed more intense, and was more fierce
manifested. About twelve months ago a coi
pany of the poor people, to the numbw of fift
unable any longer to endure the sufierings
which tiiey were subjected, and the terror
which they were kept, fled frt)m the island, ai
sought refuge in St Kitts.

On Sabbath the 2d of August last, a mo
eoconraged by the conduct of the anthoritie
and dir^tly excited and headed by a priest—
oanon of tibe oathedral — attacked, and at mi
night broke into the house of the Miss
Rutheifurd, ymmg ladies from Scotland, :
which some (k the converts had that day het
permitted to meet for worship. The peop
had been watched, and counted when going
the meeting. Whikt they were assembled tl
mob collected. After the meeting was ove
whm Senhor Arsenic, the gentleman who co:
ducted it, went out with three or four others
go away, the priest thrust a crucifix in his fac
ordered him to adore his god, called him beret
and apostate, and knocked off his hat. £
escaped, however, without further injury; bi
those who were in tiie house were intimidate
and asked permisstcm to r^nain. They vrei
watched by the mob all day. About elev<
o^dook at mght the mob foroed their way withi
the grounds; and when Miss Ruther^d r
monstrated with them, they insisted on an ix
mediate entry into the house, w on her tumii
out all the Portuguese, assuring her that n
one of them should escape death. On her poi
tively reftunng this, the attack on the houi
bqa^an. ** Dimng a pause of the attack," sa;
Miss Rntherfrffd, ** I spoke again from U
balcony, and urged the danger they were incu
ring— that I would complain to the consul, ai
they would suffer. * Nao ha leis pehs CcUvinitt
— ^There are no laws f<ir CalviniBts.' K I wouj
not apea the doer they would bum the faous
and as they said this, they broke a window b
low. Then one called out, * He mdhora Sen
kora rOtrat'^u; eu tou mmaOa — It is better f<
the lady to withdraw; I will kill her.'
sprung back, and an inmieose stone fell whei
I had been itonding."

After JiavingsnttBhed the door to pieces, tl
roffians entered. One poor blind man Ml
Buthetfurd concealed beneath a bed, tellii
him that they had now no help but Gk>d, an
that he mast plead with him for proteotioi
He was in the Lcord's hand, he said, and like
little ohiM did what he was bid. The rei
Miss Rutherfurd aad her servant pot in tl



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THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.



kitchen, as bciug tlie most distant part of the
house, and most likely to be the last reached by
the mob. There the poor people betook them-
selves to prayer. The ruffians went strai^^ht to
the room of the invalid Miss Rutherfiird, where
they saw a light: they demanded the Portu-
guese, and were told that they might search
for them. ** At last," writes Miss Rutherfurd,
^ we heard the yell as they found their prey
assembled in the kitchen. They seized the first
man in the room, threw him over the stairs,
bruised and cut his head, and his whole body
was mangled; but/ ere they had time to seize
another, the police and soldiers came up, and
entering by the kitchen stairs* door, which the
wretches Iiad just opened, that they might drag
out their prey to be murdered in the garden,
they caught Uiem in the house in the act of
killing the poor man. His life was saved.
The guard took the rest of the poor creatures
under their care, seized two of the ruffians, and
sent them off to prison." These two prisoners
were liberated next day without any punish-
ment, and the Misses Rutherfurd, one of them
a very great invalid, took refuge, by the advice
of the British consul, on board a British mer-
chantman in the bay.

On the following Sabbath, the 9th of August,
the mob, which had been thoroughly organized
during the week, and was now confident of im-
punity, attacked Dr. Kalley s house. He had
left it in disguise very early in the morning,
I and retired to the house of a friend. Thence,
whilst the assault on his house was going on, he
was carried down to the beach in a palanquin,
disguised in female attire, and got on board the
British West India steamer, which had just
come in. His boat had scarcely pushed off,
when the mob arrived at the beach in pursuit of
him. They had previously broken into his
house, the civil governor of the island, the chief
of the police, and the British consul, with a
body of soldiers, standing by and offering no
opposition ! Not finding Dr. Kalley, as they
confidently expected to have done, they destroy-
ed his medicines, and cast out into the street
and burnt his books, including a large number
of Bibles. It is worthy of remark, as throwing
Bome^ light on the nature and origin of these
atrocious proceedings, and as indicating some-
thing more than mere mob violence, that whilst
the printed books were destroyed, manuscripts
and lettei*s were preserved and examined —
doubtless, in the hope of finding something to
criminate Dr. Kalley.

Among these manuscripts and letters there
was found a list, in I^fr. Hewitson's handwrit-
ing, of the elders, deacons, communicants, and
catechumens of the- little Protestant Church.
On leaviog the island in June last, Mr. Hewit-
son, not knowing what might befaU him, and
fudging it proper that cuch a record should be
m existence, had put it into the himds of Mrs.
Kalley, and in the hurry and alarm of leaving



the house, she had foi'gotten to take it with her, '
or destroy it. The Popish authorities were ,
thunderstruck to find that this Ust contained



Online LibraryThomas CarlyleThe Christian treasury, Volume 2 → online text (page 130 of 145)