Thomas Carlyle.

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in herhearing some passages of Scripture fitted
to convey comfort to her troubled mind, I
hd& her* Next day I returned; the bodily
suffering still continued, but the menial excite-
ment seined to have passed away^ and she
scarcely spoke at alL

This attack gradually removed as many
others had done, and left her ia a more than
usually feeble state. There was ao prospect
whatever of her beiag removed, and I felt it
needful to make some arrangemeBts to assist

the poor woman, who treated her with great
tenderness, to b^ the burden of her main-
tenance. She seemed herself exceedingly re-|
lieved bpr hearing of this, and I felt thankftd to
have it m my power to remore oat of her way!
one continual temptation to wori^ ansdety. 1

It was now evident that she regarded herself!
as a dying person, and also that her mind was'
awakened to a true sense of her condition in j
the sight of Grod. But she seldom esqiressed;
much of what she Mt; sometimes, when adced
if there was wan passage of Scripture on which
her mind could ivst, she would mention a text
that had given her some comfort; but she al-
ways add^ that it was but for a time, and she
feared she had no riffht to it. I ooatinued for
months to see her frequently, and found her
growing at least in knowledge of God's Wordy
and in a thankfol sense of his goodness to him
in temponl things; but there never seemed any
clear recognition of lus foigiving mercy ia
CSirist Her bodily strength was again con-
siderably inereased, and l:«iiig much oeonpiid
otberwiset, I now saw her but seld^n— nor had
1 hestnl of her being at all worse; when going
to church one day I was amazed to hear the
prayers of Uie congregation requestod for
her as seemingly near death. As soon as the
senrioe was over, I proceeded to her lodgmg:
the dmrman had alio done the same, and I
stood attde that he might speak with her. ^O
sir^^ ^e said as soon as he entered, '^our pray-
ers have indeed been heard for me this day. I
am wonderfully relieved in body, and what is
f&r better, I have found rest to my soul. Long,
long I resisted ikt ^race of God, aosd would not
take the free salvation he offered, but now he
has made me willing in the day of his power;
he has laid me low at the foot of the cross, and
made willing first to lie there.**

The cler^man having spoken and prayed
with her, she seemed exhausted, and I Sd not
tlKhok it wise to remain. As we left the cottage,
• What a mournful deliverance at the very gates
of death,'' he nsmarked. •^It is indeed," I replied;
••bntdoyouthhkkriieisdyingl'' •'It is quite
evident," he s^d, "that she is shiking very

The next dinr I retmned. She seemed asleep,
and 1 was unwilling to disturb her. ^O she had
a pleasant night," said her consin; « she is so
eotttent with anything now, and not the least
afraid to die.**

When I returned the day following, she
could only answer by a monosyllable any ques-
tion I asked; but she lo^ed cahn and happy.
I saw her only once more, and then she lay m
a peacelbl sleep from which site never aw(«e.


Take mm ov NSOLacrnfo rovn sEnviins^ soetft
^Tfadr BooJs as wan SB their bodies are vour charge;
SBdyou mwt beaooouatabk ihsvidlf lerlhfln. O

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how few consider Beriomly of this! Are not the
Bonis of seiranti slighted, as if they were little bet-
ter than the souls of brutes? Sirs, is that which
Christ thought worth his blood, not worth your care ?
The neglect of most masters in this thing is horrible.
How sddom do they speak a word of God to their
serrants ! How great a rarity is it for them to pray
with them, and read the Scriptures before them,
and to call upon them to mind what they read ! Who
endeaTOurs to conyince their servants of the corruption
of their nature, and that t^ey are bom slaves of sin
and Satan ? who comm'endsjClfrist as the best Mas-
ter, and commands his sertwiCs to obey him? Where
is the master to be found that is frequently and im-
portunately endeavouring to convince all under his
charge of the necessity of faith in Christ, repent-
ance, and a holy life ? How little are masters con-
cerned for God's honour and service ! Nay, are there
not some that are so far from minding the souls of
their servants, that if once they perceive a poor ser-
ivant begins to set his &ce toward heaven, how are
they set against him ! What scoffii and jeers shall
he then have, and scarce live a quiet life after it !
And there are others that put their servants upon
sin, that keep them up to work so unreasonably late
on Saturday nights, that they lose half the LordV
day with sleeping ? (2 Kmgs xxi. 1 1 ; Isa. xxxvii. 24.)
How many that put their servants upon work, 'and
serving of goods, upon the Lord's-day ! How manv
do we see ffeeping their stalls open to sell fruit ! O
where are our Neheiniahs ? Who reproves his ser-
vants for neglecting Ood*s service more than for ne-
glecting of his own ? Who observes what company
fliey keep— how the Sabbath is spent ? Who reproves
them for lying and cheating for their profit? Are
there not too many that put them upon telling lies
to cover their own neglect? Do such masters as
these deserve the name of Christians ? Do they look
like GK)d> servants. — Janeway,


The plague broke out in a little Italian village. In
one house the children were taken first; the parents
watched over them, but only caught the disease they
could not cure. The whole family died. On the
I opposite side of the way lived the family of a poor
labourer, who was absent during the whole week;
only coming on Saturday nights to bring his scan^
earnings. His wife felt herself attacked by the
fever in the night; in the morning she was much
worse, and before night the plague spot showed it-
self She thought of the terrible fate of her neigh-
bours. She knew she vnutt die; but as she looked
upon her dear little boys, she resolved not to com-
municate death to them. She therefore locked the
children into the room, and snatched her bed-clothes,
lest they should keep the contagion behind her, and
left the house. She even denied herself the sad
pleasure of a last em)>race.

Think of the heroism that enabled her to con-
quer her feelings, and leave home, and all she loved,
to die ! Her eldest child saw her from the window.
l"Gh>od bye, mother," said he, with his tenderest
I tone, for he wondered why his mother left him so
strangely. "Good bye, mother," repeated the
jyoiugest child, stretching his little hand out of the
.window. The mother pauses; her heart was drawn
'towards her children, and she was on the point of

retmning back; she struggled hard, while the teaa
rolled down her cheeks at the sight of her helplesi
babes. At length she turned from them. The chil-
dren continued to cry, " Good bye, mother.** The
sounds sent a thrill of anguish to her heart ; but she
pressed on to the house of those who were to buiy
her. In two days she died.

Oh, that mothers were as careful to save Uidr
children from the worse contagion of sin !


CoLOVBL M^Eebthet, in hit work on the Indians,
gives the following Ulnstrations of the power
of divine grace over the hearts of savages, !
apparently of the most hopeless class. The I
first is the case of the celebrated chief Skenan-

Who has not heard of the famous Oneida |
chief Skenandoah! He, whose pathway for t
sixty years had been marked with blood; whose '
war-whoop had resounded through many a ter- ''
rified settlement, and until the regions of the \
Mohawk rang with it; and who was in all re-
spects, the crwly the indonwUMe savage. One ;
would suppose that habits, stiffened by so long|
a period of indulgence, could not be easily, if at
all, softened and remoulded; that the spirit of
the warrior, having been so long indulged in
the practices so congenial to the flings of the
savage, could not be subdued, and made to con-
form to all that is gentle, and peaceful, and
pioos. But all this was effected in the person
of this chief. He was awakened under ihe
preaching of the Rev. Mr. Kirkland; and be-,
came a convert to the faith of the Christian, i
The tomahawk, the war-club, and the scalping-
knife fell from his grasp; the desolations which
he had produced he mourned over; he saw, in I
his mythology, nothing but chimeras; lie was
penitent, and was forgiven. Nor did he ever
abandon the faith he had adopted, but continued
a peaceful, faithful, devoted Christian, until
his death, which occurred when he was ov^- a
hundred years old.

A while previous to his death, a friend call-
ing to see him, and inquiring after his health,
received this answer (which most of you, doubt-
less, have heard) — *^ I am an aged hemlock
The winds of an hundred winters have whistled
through my branches. I am dead at the top
(referring to his blindness). Why I yet live,
the great, good Spirit only knows. When I am
dead, bury me by the side of my minister and
friend (meaning Mr. Kirkland) — ^that I may go
up with him at the great resurrection !" He
was accordingly so buried, and I have seen his

Another case was that of Kusick, chief of
the Tuscaroras. He was also an Indian, and had
served under Lafayette, in the army of the Revo-
lution. It was usual for him, in company of a

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few of his leading meD, to visit, once in every
two or three yeaTS, the State of North Carolina^
whence his trihe originally came^ to see after
some chums they had on the State. In passing
through Washington, the old chief would call
at mj office, for the purpose of suhmitting his
papers, and of counselling with me. On one of
these occasions, he made a call before break-
fast, at my residence, accompanied by his com*
panions. A neighbour had stepped in to see
me, on his way to his office, and our conversa-
tion turned on Lady Morgan's France, which
had been just then published, and was lying on
my table. We spoke of Lafayette. The mo-
ment his name was mentionea, Kusick turned
quick upon me his fine black eyes, and asked
with great earnestness,

** Is he yet alive t The same Lafayette that
was in the Revolutionary war V*

^ Tes, Kusick,*' 1 answered, ^ he is alive; ^nd
he is the same Lafayette who was in that war.
That book speaks of him as being not only alive,
but looking well and hearty."

He said, with deep emphasis, ** I am glad to
hear it."

** Then yon know Lafayette, Kusick f

** O, yes," he answered, ** I knew him well;
and many a time in the battle I threw myself
between him and the bullets; for I loved

** Were you in commission !"

** O, yes," he replied, ** I was a lieutenant.
General Washington gave me a commission."

My friend and mvself agreed to examine the
records, and see if the old chief was not entitled
to a pension. We (or rather he) did so. All
was found to be as Kusick had reported it, when
he was put on the pension list.

Some years after, in 1827, when passing
through the Tuscarora reserve, on my way to
the wilderness, I stopped opposite his log cabin,
and walked up to see the old chief. I found
him engaged drying fish. After the usual
greeting, I asked if he continued to receive his

«* No," said the old chief, * no; Congress pass-
ed a law making it necessary for me to swear I
cannot live without it. Now, hear is my little
log cabin, and it's my own; here's my patch,
I where I can raise com, and beans, and bump-
jkins; and there's lake Oneida, where I can
, catch fish. With these I can make out to live
without the pension; and to say I could not,
) would be to Ue to the great Spirit !

Here was principle and piety; and a lesson
' for many whose advantages had far exceeded
' those of this poor Indian. In connection with
I this, I will add another anecdote. He break-
fasted with me on the morning to which I have
' referred; and knowing him to be a teacher of
the Christian religion among his people, and an
interpreter for those who occasionally preached
to them, I requested him to ask a blessing. He
did so, and in a manner so impressive, as to

make me feel that he was deeply imbued with
the proper spirit. He employed in the ceremony'
his native Tuscarora. .1 asked him why, as he
spoke very good English, he had asked the
blessing in his native tongue ! He said, ** When .
I speak English, I am often at a loss for a word. ;
When, therefore, I speak to the great Spirit, I
do not like to be perplexed, or have my mind
distracted to look after a word. When I use
my own language, it is like my breath; I am
composed." Kusick died an honest man and a
Christian; and has doubtless entered into his


And what was the oonaeqaence ? Why, the largest !
steam-ship in the world, with a rich cargo, and a
company of three hundred souls on IxMira, was
wrecked, in a dark and stormy night, on the most
dangerous part of the coast of Ireland ! The noble '
ship, which cost upwards of £200,000, left her port '
that very afternoon in fine trim, and with every
prospect of a safe and speedy Toyage, and at ninoi
o^dock she was thumping upon the rooks — the sea
breaking over her with terrific violenoe, and threat-,
eniug to send people, ship, and cargo, to instant de-
struction ! I

But how could they mistake the light ? Were the
captain and his officers on the look-out ? Yes. Was ,
the chart (or map of the coast) closely examined?.
Yes. Was the compass all right? Yes. And were,
the common preoauuons taken to keep the ship on
herproper course ? Yes; all this was done. |

How then could she hare met such a sad disaster ? i
Why, because a licht appeared which was not noted
on the chart, and the captain was deceired by it !
He mistook it for another light that was on the chfurt»
and so, when he supposed he was naming out to
sea, he was really running in upon the breakers !
How great a mi^ake, and how terrible the conse-

Every reader of these lines is sailing on a more
hazardous voyage than the Oreat Briiatn attempted,
and has the command of a nobler vessel and a richer
freight than hers; yes, richer than all the treasures
of we world ! Thousands of plans are laid to mis-
lead and diyert him from his course. False lights
are purposely held out to betray him, and tides and
ourrento, of almost resistless power, "^t against him
from every point of the compass. Will he steer clear
of them all ? Shall we see him push out into the
broad sea, with a bright sky, a fair wind, and sails
all set for the desired haven ? Will he acoomplish
the voyage, and his fears and perils be all exchanged
for the tranquillity and joy of a happyhome ?

It will depend on two things. — 1. whether he has
the true chart, and takes good heed to it. It is
known as the Holy 8cm>tures, and it lays down
the position of every light on the voyage; and he
may be sore that any light that is not found on that
chsft is to be shunneoL 2. Whether he commits
himself and the whole direction of the voya^ to Him
whose footsteps are on the sea, and who ndes upon
the ifina of the wind. No one ever put his trust in
him andwas confounded.

Farewell, then, young voyager! Be sober— be
yjgilant— keep your chart always spread before you,
and daily ask Him, to whose direction you have'
committed the voyage, what course he would have '
you, this day, to steer.— F. P. OazeUe, \

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li^OK iBkoyoorBn>k,«iidBee]M>irOhri8tMiito«gM
to lifie. See how tbe Bible saji theee who ese
Chnstians most live; and then if yoa find yo«r
Christian £dends Uving in * different way, inatead of
having oanse for feeling that TOO may do so too. you
have only eanse to fear that tbey are deoerring them-
•ehea with the belief that they are Chriatians, when
thc^^ aie not Rewemher that the iuther tocdt
Qini tian firiuidg depart fi«in ^e atandard of Chria-
tian character laid aown in the Bible, the lets reason
have you to hope that they are Chriatians. And do
nofc hesitate on this snbiect, becaose you And many
professed Christians, who are indifferent, lax in tiieir
practice and example. Remember that Christ has
sidd, ** Many shall say unto me in that day, Lord,
Lord;*** thus claiming to be his disciples, to whom he
will say, " I never knew you.*'— Dr. BedelL


** As the gloom of eTeoiBg oane on,** eays Dr. Dur-
t)in, ** and rendered stOl more impressire the solitude
and desolation which reigned around me, I read the
Epistle which Jesus sent by his servant John to the
* Chnreh at Sardui,* and felt the levee of the woids :
<Thou hast a aane that thou Urest, and art dead.*
This is remarkably true both of the city and of tbe
Church. It was sad to think, that of the * few
names even in Sardis, which had not defiled their
garments,* net eifen one was left. Ifowhese ia the
knpression of total abandomneDt, «f prsfoand and
unbroken solitode— the stfllness of death~4o deeply
made ui>on the mind of the wanderer through the
ruins of the ancient cities in Asia Minor, as at Sardis.
jAn impression prevails among the Turks that the
place is umrhoksonie : * Eiverj man,* ea|r ihey, ' who
builds a boose in Sardis sooa dies; * and, aeeor£ngiy,
ithey aroid it. A few wandering Tnricomans dw^
I about the ruins, in little black tents, and these are all
the human inhabitants of the once splendid metro-
'polis of Lyda.*'


SiNeLB e«t any one of these thon apso — U ie t most
happy in their ootwavd eigoymeots, and beeue tho«
art as thoroughly aeqwrinted with all the circum-
stanees of his condition as tho« art witk tlnne own;
and then sit dew« and seriously oensider. Is this the
penom whose haifdness then admircstf Yiew him
■kslde andovtsiae; and tell «e, wovddst thou hare
hie ooaditioB, and aH the oirownstanoee of ft ? It is
true, he is great in the worid; hot wouMst thou hare
tail his eaves «nd feats? ixis rsstless nights and
tvoablesccne Asnri? Woukkt thou htsfn just his
foalifieations of mind P tint hatf-wittedness that
makes him ridiculousP his peeifsh humevn, whieli
make him ft burden to himself and ethers? Wenldeet
thou hMre just his temper of body P to he always
sidklT, or essieefted to be io? He oaviot eat this,
nor digest that, ner rslish an^thiBg, as de meaner
persons. Thoqe relatiotts that ehoald he the greatest
comfort of his life, hanker affcer hie death: his cyi-
dren, upon one aooonnt or other, almost break his
heart; nis ecwants are f«z«lious; Ids hvsiness dis-
traeting, or his idleness weaiisoaM. Whereas, pep-
haps, hiseiext neighbour, that hath ssarce bread tc
'eat, nath a quieter Izame of mind, a better tender ef

hedy^ft better flteoMMSh. better heaHh,

reisAums, and longer life to enjoy all

whom thou oonntest the WQrkl*s dwlmg. Think ef

this before thou oendudest for an earthly lugsaiMH*

If erer my oompassionate feelings nze atined withia
me, it is when attempting to oonverse with nnncsd i
person who has lived a life of impeniteney. I o^ee
called upon a very adranoed eouple, who -wste
eridentlyTeiy near the grave. The man waa ahnhing
with the pali^, and the woman was hinrrdahisnt ti
the flooc I endeavoored to direot their thot^phts
upward, and tiiey eov^t to drag mine downwnvia.!
I spoke of heavenly things, and they nqjoired a baw t ;
ttie earthly. Jiaving exhausted my ingennitj in ef-'
forts to interest them in the one thing needful* I ««afc I
a[^departure,and soon nfier h«ardifaa^ their earttily ;
sotienm waa ended. i

Many a time had I coDferasd^^iihaneMreviiin-l
tionary soldier respecting his 40«1; hnt his naltem^
reply was, he did not know wbj bt riioidd he cast
away, and yet he was then in the habit of psofaM
the name oif God. In the same JBHensihie state he
left the worid.

Calling reoeatly upon n woman of nearly ninefef
yean^ I inquired respecting her views of the futme
state, into which she must soon enter; her emphsdw
reply was, *' O, I can*t fix my Noughts on nothing !
I wish I was as good as A — " was,** referring to a
grand daugh t e r, who had just died a peacefol dnsith
in the monong of hfc^^ew England Pwriiam,


The Universe, a Roman Catholic newspaper in Plarl^
publishes the following from their oorrespondoit in

An English vessel imported lately into Guo«, a'
»rt in Asturias, a (^ujmtity of consecrated wafers <
[ge and small, which were immediately oflered'
cheap fer sale to s^ the curates of the diocese. The,
Bishop of Oviedo having had some of these wfuu,'
analysed, beeaose they weremanufaetnred by ftotes-
tant speculators, the ehemists found them to contain'
a little wheat flour, some potato, cha]k« and thr
whites of ^^gs, to give them consistence and glosBzneis. '
The presence of animal matter rendered these wafere
improper fer ttie holy saoriioe. The pselates -osns-
plained to the magistrate; but when ssn ofioer «ane
to seise this new «eBitniband«rtiQle, the whele waa
alrea(fy sold. The bishop then sent a/sirgnlar to all ;
curates of his diooese, forbiddiz^ them, under pain
of sacrilege, to use tiiese wafera. He attributes jthle
fraud less to the ^avarice of the perpetrators tttsB to ,
the hatred of Protestantsagainst themystedea of Che I
Ramish Cfaoroh.

The Archives qf Christianity, copyfag the ahorr
adds: **We wiA the ^TrnwrK would tcH us wtiy H
is easier for priests to change into fiesh and blood
flour and water than the whites of eggs. Until he
does, we may he permitted to regard the fad titcf
rdated as a Romish «pseM{at»o«» rather than a Pkv(e»-

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Thob are some tbife de net prew on far
ance; they will lather srig^e agsinst it thns : —

1. '^A^urance is not so necessary."
Answer. ^ So necessary! ''What do yon mean!

Is it not commanded ! is it not promised ? is it
not purchased! is it not attained by the people
of Grod! Sore, it is necoasory to the vigour of
grace, and to the being of joy and comfort :
^ Be of good com^fort; thy sins are pardoned."

2. ''Tea; but many do Kve, and die^ and do
well, without it "

Ans. Who told you so! The Scripture saith,
/"The Spirit itself beareth wiAness witii our
spirit that we are the children of Qod." (Bom.
viii. 16L) ''And we know and beGeve the love
that God hath given us * (1 John iv. 16); with
many, very many more texts to that purpose.
A tempted beUever may bear fiilse witness
against himself. Smro sodi a pontion as this,
with mercy upon mooptaiBHes, is not iSke way
to comfort him. The sure way were to advise
him to see his sins more, and humble his soul
more for them, and to study Jesus Christ, and
to come to him more, with the like; and Qod
will return and speak peace: ''They that sow in
tears shall reap in joy."

3. ** But this joy is not so necessary."

Ans. What do you mean again! "So neces-
sary I " why ! — 1. It is frequently commanded.
Take one text: "Bejoiee in tke Lord,'^that
is, Christ, "alway : and again I say, Bejoiee."
(PhiL iv. 4.) 2. It is firequently promised.
"I will make you joyful in my house of prayer."
(Isa. Ivi. 7.) "I will see you again* and your
heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh
from you." (John xvi 22.) 3. It is praotised
frequently. "We rejoice in Christ Jesus.
(Phil.iii.a) 4. It is often prayed for. "The
God of hope fill yon with all joy and peace in
believing.'' (Bom. zv. 13.) 5. It is Christ's
offioe "to give the <h1 oi gladness for the spirit
of hoaviBeBB.'^ (Isa. IxL 3.) 6. It is the spe-
cial work of the blessed Sj^rit, — ^who is thfire-
toe "the Comforter.* Take the word in what
notion yen will, his work is either oonfortiBg
or tsndSng to comfort. 7. It is the privilege
•ItheGeapelovdinaneaitoliBast the soul with
mtmw and fatnoss, and with wvte wefi re-
fined. That is, God hath not g^ven ns *^the
spirit of bondage to fear again," as fomnsfy;
•but the Spirit of adoption, wiiereby," or
No. 52.*

rattier, "by whom," that is, "by whose
tance," "we cry, Abba, Father." (Bom. viii.
15.) Surely joy and comfort is necessary for
tiie measures of grace. If you had a child in-
firm, sickly, hard-favoured; and a Mend should
say, "This strength, quickness, and comeliness
is not so necessaiy; your child is alive, is it
not!"* you would think this were hardly suit-
able, much less comfortable.

4. "A Christian that doth come to and rely
on Christ for righteousness, may have comfort.'*

Am. Yes; but then it must be by the way

Online LibraryThomas CarlyleThe Christian treasury, Volume 2 → online text (page 144 of 145)