Thomas Carlyle.

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missionary information for the youngs called
** The Wesleyan Juvenile Offering."

The Weslbyan Thbological Institution is
properly a Cb%«? for the improvement of junior
teachers, although the less ambitions designa-
tion of Institutlo» has been chosen for it. From
the earliest days of Methodism such an esta-

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blishment was contemplated, the subject having
been started at the Conference of 1744 ; but the
difficulties then seemed insuperable. In 1823,
a report respecting it was prepared by a com-
mittee, and adopted by the Conference, but
even then the way did not seem open for a
practical application of the principle. But in
October 1833, a committee arran^^ a plan
which was approved of by the ensumg Confer-
ence, and has since been brought into prosper-
ous operation, having lived down the opposi-
tion with which— chiefly through mistaken
views, though partly, it is to be feared, through
factious feelings — ^it waaat first assailed. None
are admissible as students but those who have
successfully passed through the regular trials
preparatory to entrance on the probationary
ministry. Before each Conference, all the can-
didates recommended by the respective dis-
trict meetings in May are summoned to Lon-
don, and subjected to an cMkional examination
before a special committee appointed for the
purpose; and according to the report of this
committee, it is decid^ which of them shall
be admitted into the Institution, and which
left on the president's list of reserve for im-
mediate service. The ^ Theological Institu-
tion," Uiough spoken of as one^ and placed under
the superintendence of one president (the Rev.
Dr Bunting), consists of two branches — one lo-
cated at Richmond, near London, where its
affairs are conducted in a building the archi-
tectural beauty of which renders it one of the
most striking monumental memorials of the
** Centenary year ;" the other at Didsbury, near
Manchester. In addition to a ** Greneral Com-
mittee" for " the Institution," there is a '* Local
Committee of Management" for each branch ;
and, in the internal arrangements, each branch
has a theological tutor, a classical tutor, and
a house-governor — all of whom are ministers
"of the Connexion. By lectures and otherwise,
the students are advanced in their acquaint-
ance with theology. Biblical literature and cri-
ticism, pastoral duties, aud general knowledge.
On the Sabbaths they are regularly engaged in
preaching. At the date of the last Report
(1845), there were seventy-four students in the
Institution — forty at Richmond, and thirty-four
at Didsbury. The foundation of its funds was
a bequest of £1,000 left by an Irish gentleman
(Mr Mason) for the promotion of the improve-
ment of the junior teachers in Ireland, which
was transferred to the Institution with an un-
derstanding that a certain number of Irish stu-
dents should participate in its benefits. It is
supported by voluntary subscriptions, dona-
tions, and legacies. Each branch has a library,
which receives frequent additions by gifts of
books from liberal ftiends.

Educatxohal Institutions. — ^Two schools are
maintained for the education of sons of minis-
ters—one at Kinguwood, near Biistol, com-
menced in 1748 ; the other at Woodhouse Grove,

near Leeds, established in 1801. Boys are '
received at the age of eiffht years, and kept in , |
the schools till they are tourteen. In adcUtion I
to a general committee having the control cef ]
both, there is for each school alocal committee , |
of ministers and laymen ; and in each case the |
internal arrangements are placed under the 'i
superintendenceof aminister called the ^(^OTer- | i
nor." An allowance in money is made annnalljr • |
during the same term of six years for the eda- .
cation of the daughters of Wesleyan ministers,
and of such of their sons as are not received |
into the schools. The school fund is supported .
by private contributions, and by public coUec- I
tions made in the month of November, yearly.
Sabbath SckooU, — Immediately after Gkxi was
pleased to bring into operation, through Robert
Raike's instrumentality, that scheme of Sabbath
school instruction, the blessed results of which
only eternity can unfold, Mr Wesley published 1 1
in his magazine an account of Mr Raike's plan, ! I
and recommended the adoption of it by his ! i
societies. The advice was taken, but it was not <
till 1827 that the Conference issued a formal 'j
code of regulations for the Sabbath schools of ; |
the Connexion. The fundamental principle of ;
this code are, that Sabbath schools must be!
strictly and entirely rdigvnu institutions, and ,
that, therefore, instruction in writing or any- i
thing else merely secular, and (as far as pos- 1
sible) the bustle and excitement of ordinary
school business should be excluded from them ;
and that they ought to be in avowed connec-
tion with some particular branch of the Church
of Christ. Accordingly the Ck>nference Cate-
chisms and the Wesleyan Hymn Book are
used in them. The number of Sabbath schools,
as reported by the ^ Committee of Education"
in 1845, was 4,013 ; of teachers, 81,677; of
pupils, 417,903. Day S!cAao2t.~The importance
of establishing week-day schools had been re-
peatedly stated and urged by the Conference;
but it was not until 1843, that any vigorous
and general effort was made to work this in- i
strumentality with an efficiency corresponding !
to that exhibited by the Wesleyans in other i
fields of exertion. The success of the opposi- {
tion to the Factories' Education Bill, to the de- '
feat of which the Wesleyans contributed their
full share, impressed them with a deepened ,
sense of their own responsibility in the matter
of public education; and, in November 1843,
a numerous and influential meeting was held |
in London, at which it was resolved, that it I
should be attempted to establish, withM seven ,
years from that date, at least mms hundred
week-day schools, in addition to those then in
operation. In various parts of the country, |
endeavours to carry this resolution into effect :
are now in progress. At the date of the last
report^ there was in England, 332 schools, con- ,
taining 30,686 scholars. The desire of the Con- 1
fercnce and the committee of education is, that, i
while secukr education is duly attended tt|, re-

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B^oni treiniiig shoeld have its rightful promi-
■ence; and thst, while exclnaTism and bigotry
are tobe aToided,the religioas instmction should
be d em om imati o mai ^ so &r as to dint out every ap-
ftoBeh to that latitndinarian indifference to spe-
cific instroction in erangelical doctrines whScJi
hassomany more or less covert advocates in the
praaeat day. As regards the mode of training,
theGla^gow system has the distinctly expreroed
prefere n ce of the Conference and the Com-
Buftiee of Education. The masters trained
ander the direction of committee have always
been sent to Glasgow. Perhaps it should be
addcd^ under this head, that there are two pro-
prietery schools — one at Sheffield, and the
ether at Tsonton — designed for the WetUyan
edncition of the childrai of such Wesleyan
paraots as can afford to pay the rate usually
chai g o d at respectable schools. These are not,
fm^aij spealdng, Connexi<mal schools; but
the ConfBraice recognises th^n so far as to
appoint ministerB to be their governors and
chaplaiiMii A school^ on the same principles,
* governed" by a minister of the fesh Con-
nexion, has been estaUidied in DnbHn within
the last year.

Hie Book EsTAB Lmum i T . — Mr Wesley be-
qneathed his rights in this ccmcem to seven
persons, '^tii tnut, for canying on the work of
God, by itinerant preachers, in connection with
the Conference." The ** book-room," has since
undergone various modifications and improve-
ments, and is now an important source of in-
come, the probable proceeds of which are esti-
mated at each Conference, and appropriated to
the di£FCTent funds. The standard works of
i Wedejran-Methodism, and many other religious
I and moral publications, are issued from it. An
editor O^ev. George Cubitt), an assistant
editor (Bev. J. S. Stamp), and a book-steward
I (Rev. John Mason), are appointed by the Con-
ference; and all tl^ afiaars of the concern are
snbiected to the supervision of a ^ book-commit-
tee^" who meet monthly. Here are publi^ed the
Connexional periodicals; the WetUyaa^Metho-
dut Magcainey the YaM$ Intbrwutor^ the CAm-
Hoii Miacdlamy, and Early Day$. The two last
i named publications have succeeded the Cottager* $
I Friend and the CkSUTe Meiyazime, fonneriy issued
I from the book-room, and are published in com-
pliance with the prevalent demand for ekeap
periodical literature. Although the change was
made only a few months ago, the number of
the Qrittkm Miaeellany now printed is not
much less than forty thousand, and the circu-
lation of Early Daye has abready reached fifty
thousand. It is observable that the sale of
the other periodicala of the Ccmnexion has, at
the same time, not only not diminished, but
actually increased. Many th o usands of re-
ligious tracts are also issued annually; and, on
t£s Methodistie principle of finding some sphere
of useful exertion for ev^ybody who desires
to be nsefbl, the distribution of tracts engages

the services of numerous and zealous members
of the CSiureh.

A few words on the fiukde of Wesleyan-
Methodism, so £ur as they have not been
already adverted to, will be necessary to bring
out that view of the economy of the system
which it is the object of these piq>er8 to present.
The Contiwgkkt Fuin). — This is one of the old-
est and most important funds of the Connexion.
It was formally appointed at the Briti^ Con-
fa-ence of 1756. Grants are made from it to
supply the deficiencies of circuits in Great Bri-
tain and Ireland, which are unable to meet the
expenses of their own ministry, and to cover
the cost incurred by ministers through afflic-
tion or other imexpected circumstances. The
fund is supported by the " Yearly Collection''
made in all the classes, the ** July Collection"
made in the congregations, and a pcniion of
the profits of the book-room.

Thb CiniiPMN*8 FuiTD. — The principle of the
Wesleyan financial economy is to |^ve each
minister enough, and no more. The smgle man
is kept upon a single man's stipend, wherever
he may be stationed. When he marries, as his
expenditure must necessarily be increased, his
means are increased*; and so he receives a
certain allowance for each child, from its birth
to the age of twenty. Here, again, the Conmex-
vmal constitution of the Church operates ad-
vantageously. In former times, each circuit
was responsible for the payment of the allow-
ance for aU ibe children of the ministers sta-
tiimed in it; and thus men with large flEunilies
were fiable to be objected to on merely finan-
cial grounds. Now, the total probable niunber
of children to be provided for is estimated at
each Conference, and it is calculated how many
members ong^t to provide for one child; and
the demands upon the districts and circuits are
arranged, not according to the number of child-
ren that may happen to be located within their
bounds, but according to the number of their
members. At the last Conference it appeared
that one hundred and thirty-four members
should provide for one child. Thus, the Lon-
don district, having twenty-five thousand eight
hundred and forty-six members, was required
to raise the aflowanoe for one hundred and
ninety-three children; the Edinburghand Aber-
deen district, having only three ti^usand and
twenty-four members, was charged only with
the provision of twenty-three children. This
plan obviously equalizes the taxation on just

Gkkirai. Chapk. akd Educatioh Fund —
This, under its present title, and for its present
purposes, is a new fund. A « Chi^ Fund"
for the relief of chapels encumbered with debt,
was in existence since 1818, and produced most
beneficial results. But, at the Conference of
1844, it was found that the engagements of the
*^ General Chi^ Fund " were so far removed,
that a portion of its income might be made

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arailable for some other ConQCxional purpose.
It was resolyed, therefore, tliat while one moiety
should be retained for the relief of embarrassed
chapels, the other should be applied to the
establisAiment and maintenance of Wesleyan
day-schools. The fund is supported by private
contributions, and an attnual public collection
in the congreeations.

WoBir-ouT MiirisTEBS Aim MiKisTBRs' Widows'
Auxiliary Fithd. — From an early date, an
Annuitant Society had been in existence, to
which the ministers cootributedjand-from which
small annuities were paid to them in old age,
and to their widows after their decease. Bu t the
people did nothing for the support of their
worn-out ministers or rainiBters* widows, be-
yond the maintenance of a scanty ^ Auxiliary
Fund,** from which small grants were made in
cases of special distress. In the centenary year
(1839), however, a scheme was devised to meet
the obvious claims of duty in this matter; and
it was arranged that each member should be
expected to contribute — on an average of the
whole societies— sixpence annually for the pur-
pose. The plan is now coming into general
operation, and it is likely that the benevolent
and just intentions of its ^tuners will be accom-

From these Notes, brief as they are, it will
appear that the ecclesiastical organization of
the Wesleyan system, however complicated and
diversified it may seem to be, is really simple,
harmonious, and effective. Under God, the
moulding of that organization, in its adaptation
to the more recent circumstances of the Wes-
leyan body, are to be ascribed, in no small
degree, to the efforts of one master-mind. It
is not easy to speak of a living man as he
merits; but in papers designed for readers, the
majority of whom are, no doubt, members of
other Churches, it would be wrong to omit at
least a passing reference to the fact (which
does not need to be stated to the Wesleyan
Church), that — however great and valuable the
services of other men may have been, and un-
questionably were — the consolidation of Wes-
leyan-Methodism on its present basis has mainly
been effected by the sanctified wisdom and un-
wearied energy of Dr Bunting. There are many
names which the Wesleyan Church should em-
balm in perpetual remembrance; but if there
be one human name which, next to that of John
Wesley, should be engraven on its hearty it is
assuredly the name of Jabez Bunting.

No place has presented itself for a notice
of the Wesleyan ** Committee of Privileges,"
but we must not conclude without some re-
ference to it. Its object is to guard the rights
and privileges of the Connexion; and including
aa it does many of the best-known and most-
respected ministers and laymen, it possesses
great influence in the Wesleyan body. Some
of its members have lately been specially ap-
pointed to act in ** cases of exigency, demand-

ing immediate attention, or requiring pranpi
communication with the Government or witk
Parliament." The course of legislation recent-
ly pursued has given this committee ample em-
^oyment, as with reference to the (defeated)
Factory Education Bill of 1843; the (unhappily
successful) Dissenters' Chapels Bill of 1844, and
the Maynooth Endowment Bill of 1845, and
the Charitable Trusts' Bill of the x>resent ses-

And now, in concluding these ** Notes," the
candour of the reader is appealed to, to excuse
a meagreness which the necessary limitation
of space rendered inevitable. If any points
liave been lightly touched on, some have been
altogether omitted. It is hoped, however, that
the general object of the outline has been at-
tained. To those who desire to know more on
the subject, we may recommend, as a popular
and elegant narration of the life and labours
of the founder of Methodism, ** Watson's life
of the Rev. John Wesley;" as a succinct state-
ment of the rise and progress of the Wesleyan
Church, ** Jackson's Centenary of Wesleyan-
Methodism;" as faithful expositions of Wes-
leyan doctrine, " Wesley's Sermons," and
" Watson's Theological Institutes;" and, as the
authorized Code of the Connexional Laws, the 'i
yearly * Minutes of Conference."


** A beauteous tender flower."
LcwLT lily of the vale.
Drooping, modest, meek, and pale —
Pure in heart! O thus to be
" Clothed with humiHty ! ♦^
'Neath thy shrouding veil of leaves.
Cowering like a soul that grieves,
Bent with tear-drops, trampled, torn.
Lowly lies thy graceful form,
Iiike that lovely One who lay
Weeping in Gethsemane;
Spotless as "that tender flower,**
In temptation^B darkest hour,
Who so pure, so fair as ho ?
Model of humility.
Heaven*B unassuming child,
Delicately fair and mild;
In no garden** sunny shade
Lifting loftily thy head;
Meekness hreathing in thy mien—
Odour fall, thy heart serene —
Looking ever to the earth —
Speaking more of tears than mirth
Bending, tremhling, still it sighs
*Neath the hlight of paradise
Like a soul in prayer bent,
Grace its only ornament.
Who has brought thee here to die.
And record my spirit-sigh ?
Meekness may I learn from thee.
Emblem of humility.

Marion Aird.

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PetMUcar dificuUU$ belong to our situation.

;{Of them we ought to be seriously aware.

On OS are incumbent the general obligations
.of Christians and of ministers.

PiBSOji AL.— Dwotion ;— the Word of God and
' pnjer. Refreshing and enriching our minds by
appropriate ttitdiet; — biblical— «acred — elegant
: literature, classical and modem. Importance of
oar moving on in the course of intellectual im-
'proremeat which distinguishes the present age.
t' if we cannot be in the first rank, we must not
:jbe far behind. If young persons discover us
to bo beneath them in letters and science, re-
ferring to subjects of valuable knowledge, they
will be apt to doubt our competency to give
religious instructions, or at least to undervalue
;iwhat we so give.

^1 DoxEsnc. — ^In the conjugal relations.* In
I the paUrnal. Attention to our teadar affain :
f^ Correctness of accounts — punctuality in meet-
i Ing our obligations — to avoid the dishonour and
I the manifold miseries of incurring debts be-
I yond our ability to discharge.
]i MimtEMiAJu'-'PreparaHon for the pulpit:
'^Pntukiitg Christ, simply, faithfully, and with
! lively energy, as much as our powers and our
.opportunity permit. Pastoral inspeetion: At-
tended wiUi many di£5culties — ^yet aduty of the
^rst necessity. Brotkerljf %ntereomr$e with other
I Christian ministers : Prudence and confidence

I must be united — a difficult conjunction.

I I These are our duties in common with our
(brethren, in all places. But our local cir-
hcnmstances bring us under some PECuLiAa

and DisTiNouisinKO obligations. These neces-
|,sarily arise from our residing in the metropolis
i|of our country, the centre and spring of the
; great impulses of society, whether for good or
i,for evil — eminently the heart of vitality and
! power for all the exertions in the service of our
God, which are made throughout the nation —
I we might say throughout the world. On us it
j is incumbent —

' 1. To conduct our public ministry with a vigi-
lant and faithiiil, yet discreet and temperate,
! respect to the prevailing erron and Umytationt
of our times — to fortify our hearers against Infi-
' d^lty, Chi-istianity deformed and dishonoured
I • 8«eMr Abrabcm Booth*! Pastoral CmatioM» p. 18.

by nmHUuion, as Unitarianism; by pervenkm
as Atttinomianism; by corrupHon tmd addition, as
in Popery and the Anglican Episcopacy.

To do our utmost to extirpate an unscriptural
taste in the hearers of the Gospel — the love
of being pleased, not instructed — flattered, not
alarmed — soothed, not faithfully directed to
evangelical repentance, acceptance of the Holy
Redeemer, and universal obedience.

On all occasions, to give those interpretations
of Scripture which we are solidly convinced
are the geHuine intention and meaning of the
Holy Spirit.

To adduce, in opposing error and defending
truth, those argumentt only which are fair and
sound, I

To be distinct and comprehensive in explain- \
ing the wkole range of the Christian system. ^

To expliun and habitually uige the all-per-
vading obligations of etangdieal uwralkg. Were
this generally don^ we diould not, it might be
hoped, have witnessed so many sad departures
from the consistency of a holy profession, by
gaiety and amusement, the fascination of civic
honours, the selfish accumulation of property,
and the shameful fodsehood and fraudulenco
called ''accommodation-paper," commercial spe-
culations, and all other ways of ** resoloing '* to be
''rich." (A«vX«/MMi,— 1 Tim. vi. 9.)

2. To bear a lai^e proportion of the care,
anxiety, and labour of conducting our pious
and ekaritable institutions, \

Besides many which are of minor, though
real and great importance, the number is wry
great of those which are of the first order in
importance. We must labour in them, and
contribute to them, in a proportion not always
equalled by rich members of our communities.

3. Our brethren in the country look to us as
in many respects the guarcUans of their in-
terests — to give information and advice; to
act on their behalf ; to procure pecuniary aid
for ministerB of very small income, and for
widows and children; and for providing places
of worship. |

It is an object of duty to diminish the num-
ber of ignorant and illiterate ministers, who
are a discredit and injury to our cause, and
to promote a more enlightened and judicious,'
yet not less holy and sealons, description of
ministers. I

We have heavy burdens in correspondence;
and in receiving personal applications, often so
inopportune as to be most distressing, frustrating
personal and family duties, rendering abortive
the plans of a whole day, or else we are thought

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hanh and vakiad. We most bear dwm with
the patience of CSirist.

4. To watch (*e igMi tf iht Hmts, and the
course of events, ao &r as afieeting the mterests
of religion and religious liberty. Oar own
denomination — the best intorests of our oountry
— ^foreign parts — missions. Henoe atHiom and
^ort are <^ien necessary, involving great-per-
sonal labour, expense, and oonsnnqptien of in-
valuable time.

Often it is expedient to resort to the press,
in various ways, by contributing to the puUic
journals, whether friendly or unfriendly, or by
our own puUications, for the oouateracting of
error, and the dissemination of troth and godli-
ness. Hence, it is incumbent on us to cultivate
the art of composition, that the best of causes
may not suffer through our incompetency or
our nnskilfhlness.

Such is our field of labonr; such the de-
mands made upon us by our ciroamstaBoes and
connections, by our oonscieBoes, and by our God.
How often we feel the deficiency of strength
and time t How often obliged to pos^nme or
to sacrifice some claims of duty, in order to
attend to others ! The dilemma thus arising
is distressing, and the determination often most
difficult, even beyond our power to arrive at a
satisfactory solution — ^3ret act we must.

Hence arises an overwhelming tense of dis-
couragement — depression of spirits— de^on-
dency— sinking into inactivity. B«t let us
apply Ps. xliL and xliii., and 2 Cor. i.

May I suggest some conatderatiens, with a
view to sustain our nunds, and to lead ns to
any mitigations and remedies, against oar dis-
heartened feelings t

1. It is no man's duty to make himself and
his family miserable, by the frrdtless endeavour
to do more than he is aUe. Such over-stretch-
ing will trnpaw the strength that we have^ and
will probably ctait<^ yretnaiMrekf.

2. Let ns apply the principle of the dicition
of labomr. A sense of >fiMn^ greatly diversified
the contuetioni in which God has placed us,
and the varied calls and claims of providential
evenU^-laying hold on tome rather than others*-
will furnish the principles of our selection.

Online LibraryThomas CarlyleThe Christian treasury, Volume 2 → online text (page 52 of 145)