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most expansive in his beaevolence, with ' large*
ness of heart even as the sand that is on the sea-
shoref a 'lover of good men;' and unwearied
in his exertions to promote the peace and pre-
sperity of Zion, In a word, we may say of
bun, in the lanyiage of insinration, * The law of
the Lord was in his mouth, in his lips was no
guile; be walked with God in equity and truth,
and turned many from iniquity.' How much
have we lost in losiuf sucha man! 'Mv&ther!
my lather I the cfaanot of Israel and the horse-
men diereof.* Help, Lord, fbr the godly man
ceaseth, for the faithful £ul from among the
children ef men.''*



A MOTHEE'S INFLUENCE.

Ths mother of the welMmowu Ridiard Cedl wm a

Oman of real piety.

Richard, when but a young man, had punoed a
bold and determined career, till sank in sin, har-
dening himself in Infidelity, and instOlii^ the
mme prindples into others, there leemed no pro-
spect of any change. His exceUeai mother, how^
ev«, had performed her pari, and still reaMm-
bered that it was good, not only to pray always,
but net to faint or desist upon any aooount. At
bst, one night he by contemplating the case of his
moUier.

' I see,"^ said he within himself, *<two unquestion-
able facts^JVf <<, Hy mother k greatly attoted hi
circumstances, body and mind; and yet I see that
she cheerfiilly bears up under all, by the support she

Heu|b!jD!Drrar** ^^ **** ^""^ ^ ^^ **^- ^^^



derives firom consfcantly repairing to hsr closet and
her Bible. Seeandlyy That she has a secret spring of
comfort, of which I know nothing; while I who give
an unbounded loose to my appetites, and ^cak plea-
sure by every means, seldom or ever find it. If^ how-
ever, there is such a secrtt in rehgioa, why may I not
find it as well as my mother?^ He instant^ rose
and began to pray, but was soon discouraged, by re-
collecting that mufch of his mother's comfort seemed
to arise from her fiuth in CSurist Now, thought he,
** This Christ I have ridiculed; he stonds muoh in
my way, and can form no part of my prayers.** In
utter oonftnion he lay down again; but, in process of
time, conviction of sin oontincdng, his dii&cidties
were gradually removed, his objections answered.
He now Bstened to those admonitions of hie mother,
which he had before affected to receive with pride
and seom; yet they had fixed themselvts in his heart
like a barbed anew; and thoag^ the effects were
eonoealed firom her observation, yet tears would fidl
from his eyes, as he passed along the street, f^em the
imp re ssion she had macle on his mind. Now he would
d i s c s fSB with her, and hear her withoirt outrage,
which tevtved her hopes, espedaDy as he then at-
tended the pabUo worship of God. Thus he made
some pngreas, but Mi no small diftcuKy In separat-
ing firom his fhvomite connections. Light, how-
ever, broke into his mind, tfll at last he dhooveredl
that Christ Jesus, so far from ** standing hi the'
way,** as he enoe thought, was Indeed the way, the
truths and the life, to all who come unto God by
hhn.** I

AlVer such a change, it is not wonderftil that Mr. i
Ceeil should have written and spoken with so much
pathos on t^ influence of the parental character.
** Where* parental infiuence does not eonveit,** he
woidd say, ''it hampers— it hangs on the wheels of
eriL I had a pious mother who dropped thtegs tai
my way. I could never rid myself of them; I was a
profossed Infidel; but then I l&ed to be an bifidel in
company, rather than when alone— I was wretched
when by myself. These prindples, and maxims, and
data, spoiled my jollity.** Again he mys : ** I find in
myself anoOier eridence of the greatness of parental
iirihience. I detect myself to this day in laying doim
marims in my ftonily, which I took up at three or
four years of age, before I could possibly know iSbt
reason of them.** «* Besides, parental influence must
be great, because God has said it diall be so. The
parent is not to stand reasoning and caloolatkig.
Gk>d has said, that his character shall have infhtenoe,
and 80 this appointment of Proridence becomes often |
the punishment of a wicked man. Sudi a man is a !
complete selflst I am weary of hearing such men'
talk about their 'family,* and their 'family,* tbej:
*must provide for their family.* fheir famOy has!
no place in their real regard— they push for them-
selvos. But God says : * No ! you think your chil-
dren shall be so and so, but they shall be rods for
your own backs. They shall be your curse. They
shall rise up against you.* The most common of all
human complaints is — Parents gproaning imder the
vices of their difldren ! This is all the efi^ of
parental influence.**



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THE CONNECTION OF TRUTH.



336



f^fnUfnOHB WHICH GOlfCBBN YOU.

1. Bath Cmusr qitbn unxd tou his Holt Spibit?
iiM SpiziL wher«Ter it ii, it !«,

1. ^»»wMw^n«. - A -Spirit of soppHoktlcm''
^-mj^i immmL, iuioer«^ ferrcnt. oonslMit, humble, sop-
Tr>w>1ft-i (ZwiLJa.\0^ A«k, then, thy sottL**CMitt
ilKNi» dost thou, go to God, and oi7*M % cbud, with
rmnDM and confid«iioe, 'Abba, Father?* (Rom.

15.V DoM thi9 * ^irit Jbelp thine infinnitiet *
(ymm 26), and amUe thee to nndentand both for
\otL and what, and bow, thf i^yer ia to be

2. A mowminff SpifiL—lt pnti a belierer into a
dove-like frame, monniing for the lots of ite mate
(Buj- tS. 16) ; yea, mourning for the offence of a
jt>aei<wii God. aa for the loee of an onlv son. (Zech.
zB. 10.) Tell me, then, poor loal, art thou ^>t erer
and anon to strike on thy breast, with the contrite
pohlican; to " smite on thy thigh,** with broken-
■aMtnrt Epfandim (Jer. uuL 19): and in a holy con-
sternation of rairit, to ask thyself, ** What, O what
httfe I done ?*• (Jer. riiL 6.) Do «hy God*B boUle,
tni thy tews therein for sin as ito, speak for thee P

a. A Minet»f^iMgSpinL—{\ Cor. ri. 11 ; 1 Pet. i. 2.)
And that with ren>ect to sins, graces, duties. (2 These.
Ii.18.)

(1.) i9in«i— The Spirit, wheroTor it is, •• mortifies
thedeedsoftheflesh.** (Bom.Tiii.13.) Speak,then:
is thine ** old man cnicifled ** (at least as to dominion)
with thy Christ? (Rom. ri. 6.) More espedafly
(not to n>eak of thy more gross, dangerous, di»-
nonoiirabie sins), dost thou spit out the sweet morsel
under thy tongue ? Dost ^ou, with Samuel, hew thy
ide^eate Agag in pieces?— with Darid, ** keep thee
fimn ihiMUquity ?*MP*- '^^ 22)— that faiiquii^
to whioh thy ooostitation, ooitom, calling, intcffest,
niost^ indiae thee ? What sajest thou to thy I«ao.
Bei^MDin, Absalom, Delilah, Herodias, the calves of
Dan and Bethel? TeU me: Art thou apt sadly to
^ remember thine own eril ways, and thy doings that
not sood, and to loathe thyself in thine own



i%bt for all thine iniquities, and for all thine abomi-

ttions?** (Esek. xxxri. 31.)

(%) Gfracei.'^SpetJL^ belieTer : Art thou " renewed
in the spirit of thy mind?'* hath the Spirit of God
re-instamped that glorious image of (todP Hath
the nor^ wind so risen, the south wind so ** come,
and blown upon thy garden, that the spices thereof
flow forth?** (Cant. iv. 16.) " Beholding the glory
of tke^ Lord,** art thou ** changed into the same image
fkmn glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the
Loidr* (2 Cor. iii. 18.) Art thou stiU ** perfecting
holiness in the fear of God?** (2 Cor. viL 1.)

(5.) IhteMf.— Wherever the Spirit is, it •« oanseth,**
sflbofoally canseth, the man <* to walk in God*B sta-
tutes, to keep hisjudgmeots, and to do them.** (Esek.
mri.27.) It " worketh**in beUevere »« both to wiU
andtodoof God*Bgoodpleasuie** (PhiL ii 13)— to
porfonn natural, moral, spiritual, duties, to spiritual

ads, hi a spiritual manner.

% DOIH '' ChUSX dwell in thy HBABX BT V4I7H ?**

(l^h. iii 17.) Namely, by such a fU^ as purifies the
heart: as works by love to God, the word, saints,
ensBttss; as overoomes the world, its MidiBnit is h
■dBm, its Anakim-like frowns? Iitfioahastsiioha
fittth* rsmembev it is an infiJlible and momentous
troth that £ath*s application of Christ to a believer,
if savii^ is alwaysjoined with a belie verli appUoa-
tion of hhoself to Christ. Ask. then, thy soul, thv
oBseienoe, ** Ctenst thou truly say, with David,
Lord, save me; I am thine?*— Fs. cxix. 94.
Dest thon indeed, not only * lean on thy Beloved,*
but * cleave to thy Christ with full purpose of heart ?*



(Aots xi, 23^) Does .it content thee to apply Christ
to thy soul only as a plaster to a wound, to have
healing from lum ? or not rather as a seal to the
wax, which takes an impression fipom it ?**

3* Doei THOU ^ CRUCIFT THB FLBSH WJTH IXB AF-

VMTioKS. AMD LUSTS?** — ^Thcy that are united unto
Christ do so. (GaL v. 24: RoHi. vit 13.) Dost thou
detest, loathe, hate sin^-allnn, in thought, word, deed;
and that, not so much for its effects, as its nature ?
Dost thou "* hate ** It rather '* at hell,** than^or hell ?
That is our du^ (Rom. ziL 9) : is it our sincere en-
deavour? Dost thou evergreen out under the sense of
thai intolerable burden — of that wolf that lies in thy
bosom ? Does it make thee cry out, as Paul — ** O
wietchedmanthatIam?**(Rom.viL24.) Dost thou,
when thou i^pearest before the Lord in prayer, or at
his Word, or at a sacrament, put thy Uriah, thy dear-
est, darling sins, in the front of the battle, that when
Christ discharges his keenest aivews, they may be
sure to be hit and slain ? When God sends a. tem-
pest, is it thy first, greatest care to throw those
Jonahs overboard ? When God seems to beleaguer
thee with sharp and threatening providenoes, is it thy
main endeavour to cast the heads of those Shebas
over the wall ?

4. Abv tbou ** ▲ MBW CBBATcnB ?**— Hothat is in
Christisso. (2Cor.v. 17.) Hast thou a new head,
heart, lip, life? Canst thou now properly say, I am
no longer my former self? Is the lion become a
lamb, the raven a dove, the wolf a kid, the persecu-
tor a preacher, or, more, an adorer, of Christ Jesus ?
Dost thou act from new principles— the Spirit of
Christ (Esek. xuvt 27), fiuth (Gal it 20), constrain-
ing h)ve (2 Cor. v. U), filial fear? (Jer. zxxii 20.)
Dost thou act for new principles— that thou mt^tt
preserve them in thyself, and propagate them to
others? (Acts xxvL 20.)

5. Do8T THOU BRING FORTH FRUIT?— Every branch
in Christ is a fhiit-bearing branch. (Johnzv.6.) Art
thou " filled with aU the fruits of righteoosoesa ''
(Phil 1 11)— fizst andseoond table fruits? Art thou
" fruitful m eveiy good word and work?** (Col i
10.) Dost thou bring forth fhiit suitable to the
means vouchsi^ed? or does the seed of a homer
bring forth only an ephah ? Dost thou remember. •
that wheve much is given, not a Uttie is reouhned r
(Lukexii48.) foie^: Dost thou bring forth fruit,
Uke the land of EgypH " ^7 handfuls?** (Gen. zlL
47.) Hast thou any Dunones of pomegranates to
show? Is thy soul a spiritual Eshcol? And then,
too, art thou so desirous of bringing forth more, that
thou lookest on the vintage of thy att a mme n tu onlv
aagleamings? In a word: Dost thou ** bring fiurth
fruit ** constantly, every month, ** in old age ?** Art
thou ever " green and flourishing ?** (Ps. x€^ 14.)
Do not those apples of Sodom, utter fruits of apos-
tasy, in principles, in practices, spring fh>m thee ?
Are not thy grapes turned into thorns, thy figs into
thistles? Art thou not like Orpah, that the other
day kissed and oomplimented, out now forsakes?
But rather, like Ruth, dost thou resolve and say con-
oemiBg thy God, thy Christ, "* Whither thou goest,
Iwillgo; where thou diest, will I die, and Oiere will
I be buried?** (Ruth 1 16, 17.)-i;jw»



TtSli CONNECTION OF TRUTH.
EvgRT truth single is very precious, and indeed of
infinite lalue, as purehased uath, and ratiiied in^ the
blood of Christ; but to see the trutiis of the Goq|>el
linked together hi their proper union, facing one
another like the cherubims (Exod. xzv. 20), is very
glorious : as the stones of the temple, when they were



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THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.



squared and polished in the forest, were very costly
for both matter and workmanship; bat when they
were laid into the building, and formed up into a
temple, what a beautiful and magnificent structure
did they make! The disciples, beholding it, were
filled with delight and wonder. (Luke xxL 5.) The
curtidns of the sanctuary, each by themselves, were
yery rich, both for the materials and curious em-
broideries; but had you seen them in their connec-
ture, each curtain fastened to the other with taches
of gold, and so making up one entire perfect taber-
nacle, sparkling and shining in all its native splen-
dour, it would have been a ravishing sight It is
in a most eminent manner observable in the crea-
tion of the world, that of every single day's work it
is said, ** Qod mvr that it was good;'* but when the
whole ** structure " of heaven and earth was set to-
gether into one entire fabric and creation, ** God saw
every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was
very good.** (Gen. L 31.) Such a rare piece are
Gospel truths in their variety and uniformity; not
less glorious and admirable than heaven and earth,
sun, moon, stars, elements, in all their order and or-
it.



Gospel truths in their series and dependence are a
chain of gold to tie the truth and the soul close to-
gether. People would not be so easily trepanned into
heresy, if they were acquainted with the concatena-
tion of Gospel doctrines vrithin themselves. As, for
instuice, men would not certainly be so easily com-
plimented to worship that idol of free-will and the
power of nature, were they well principled in the
doctrine of the fall, and the design of God in per-
mitting it, held out in Scripture in such large and
ligible characters that he who runs may read.
(Ps. li 6; 1 Cor. i. 29-31, &c.); if they did with
sobriety of spirit observe what the Scripture pro-
claims concerning the impotency of the lapsed and
ruined creature, man*s helpless condition in himself
(Rom. T. 6; Eph. iL 1); of the absolute necessity
of the quickening, helping, and stablishing influence
of the Spirit of Christ, &c. When a chain of pearls
is broken, a single jewel is easily lost: divine truths
are mutually preservative in their social embraces
and coherence. — Ccue.



CHRIST'S LOVE.

Thb rabbnis have a saying, that upon every apex
or ** tittle** of the law, there hangs a mountain of
sense and doctrine: in everydron of Christ*^ blood
there is an ocean of love : ** who loved me, and gave
himself for me.** rGaLH.20.) The death of Christ
was such a demonstration of love as the world never
saw. When CK>d made the world, he intended the
evidence of his power. He ordained hell, digged
Tophet, and filled it with fire and brimstone; and
thereby manifested the severity of his justice. He
humbled himself to death; ana therein his ]^urpose
vras to demonstrate the transcendent of ms love.
This made the love of Christ of such efficacy and con-
straining influence upon the Apostle Paul : " Be-
cause we thus jucU;e* that if one died for all, then
were all dead.** (2 Cor. v. 14.) When Christ once
wept at Lazarus*B grave, by-standers made this infer-



ence upon it : " Behold how he loved him ! ** (John
xi. 36.) But if weepins at the .^ve for his death
arguea such love, what love was it, then, to die and
go down into the grave for Lazarus! It were an
easy thing to lose ourselves in this delightful maze
and labyrinth of love— the righteous Judge of all
the world unrighteously accused and condemned;
the Lord of life was dying; the eternal and ever-
blessed Son of God sta-uegling with his Father*8
wrath; he that had said, " Tandmy Father are one "
(John X. 30), crying out in his bitter agony, ** My
God, mv God, why hast thou forsaken me.^ ** (Matt,
xxvii (6,) He that ** hath the keys of hell and of
death ** (Rev. i 18), lay sealed up inanother*s grave.
Blessed and dear Saviour, whither hath thy love to
sinners carried thee ? Well might the apostle, in a
holy rapture and ecstasy, express himself in an ele-
git contradiction, when he desired that the Ephe-
sians might ** know the love of Christ, which passeth
knowle<5e!'* (Eph. iiL 19.)— Jfentoa.



I.



A GREAT CHANGE.

The most experienced in grace can very inadequately
estimate beforehand the happiness of standing in the
glorious presence of Him, *' whom having not seen,
they love; and in whom, though now they see him
not, yet believing, they r^oice with joy unspeakable,
and full of glory.** Had a person been shut up in a
dungeon from his infiancy, and seen no light but what
was transmitted through some chink in his immur-
ing cell, it would be difficult, or impossible, to give
him any such impression of the splendour of the sun
as he would inevitably derive from personal observa-
tion. On being emancipated f^m his prison-house,
and beholding the darkness of the night flee at the
approach of the king of day, not yet revealed — on
witnessing the starry host successivelly absorbed in
the increasing radiance of dawn and mom— on seeing
at last the sun himself ^>pear above the horizon, and
prosecute a bright and brightening ascent through
heaven*s arch, the spectator, if we suppose him
enabled to sustain such contemplation, would be not
less surprised than delighted, and every feature of
his countenance would say— the half had not been
told me. But what, after all, is such an object, a
material inanimate object, compared with its Creator
— ^with the living and life-giving Saviour? And how
much more powerful must be the emotions of saints
who, on escaping from the incarceration of the grave,
shall fix their eyes on the Lord of gloiy, the unclouded
Sun of Righteousness.^— JTui^ on the Lord^s Supper,



"O DEATH, WHERE IS THY STING?**

When a bee hath fastened its sting in a man*ft flesh,
and thereby lost it, it ever afttfTthey say) turns a
drone. Death once £utened its stmg in Christ, and
hath ever rince, to them that are inChrist, been like
a drone, that can hum and affright, but not sting and
hurt, them. Death now drives a pKOor trade amongst
them: it may destroy the body; and when it hath

Slayed that prank, it hath done all its feats: as a
eroe mastiff*, whose teeth are broken out, it can bark,
or rend and tear the tattered and threadbare coat;
but it cannot bite to the bone. How feeble an
enemy is death, smoe it travelled, and took a walk to
the top of Mount Calvary l-^Meriton,



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337



THE NINETEENTH PSALM;

OR,

THE SERMONS AND SONGS OF NATUEE.

BY DR. A. THOLUCK OF HALLE.
{TrandcAod frim the German,)



•• The nature of thy God, O vam.
Three testament! declaxe :
Rightly iheflrst to comprehend*

It wtth the teoond well compare;
And to the tkird yon oft mntt go,
If weU the second you would know."

1. Mur very frequently wishes for prMtken
^-should he not much rather wish for the proper
tar t For v«rily th«e are preachers all around,
wherever we direct our eye — ^preachers in the
sky above us, preachers beneath upon the earth,
preachers within and without. What does not
even the firmament of heaven above preach I —
the clear blue sky! the sky covered by the
stonn-clouds I The heavens, with all the won-
ders of their glory, declare the glory of Giod —
they declare it with the glory of day and with
the glory of night But how many hear t How
undeniable is it, that so long as €K>d does not
speak into a man's own heart, man cannot un-
dentand the language of God, which is loud
around, and above, and beneath him 1 Tauler *
beantiAilly expresses this : '^ As to a man who
looks for a long time at the sun, the sun im-
presses itself upon everything that he sees; so
is it with a man who looks much at God."
And there are hours when we can stand among
the works of nature as though we were m a
congregation of God's people, where a cheerful
song of praise bursts forth from every breast,
80 that we cannot help it, but must unite in
theur hymn — absorbed into the universal strain
of devotion, we ore borne along upon it. But,
at other times, how silent and dumb seem all
creatures around us — ^they go as though there
was no hand in heaven that led ihem I It de-
pends upon this, whether God qpeaks in us I

2. It is still the same heaven to which the
Saviour looked up when he prayed; it ii the
same heaven to which the childless Abraham
raised his eyes, when in the still night the pvo-
mise was made to him : ** Look now toward
heaven, and tell the stars if thou be aUe to

• A German preacher before the Reformation, greatly
admired 1^ Luther.— Trans.
No. 29 ♦



number them; so shall thy seed be!" It is
the same heaven which our first parents saw,
whilst they still walked in Paradise as pioua
and innocent children. Beneath upon the earth
everything has become difierent, at least among
men; but for six thousand years, day unto day
uttereth, and night unto night declareih the
one great, eternal narrative, of Him who hath
made heaven and earth. There is something un-
usually great and elevating in the thought, that
Nature throughout thousands upon thousandaj
of years has still continued the same, and yet I
it always preserves the charm of novelty, sinc&l
nothing merely it, but everything grows. Can,
one refrain from saying with the poet,

** And thou, fair Nature, thou
Art not of one sort, yet art ever aUke,
And an is oM and all is new .
In thine ererlatting realm r

O how does the human heart, that, by the
contrastwith the order and obedience of Nature
to its laws, becomes conscious of its own fickle-
ness and changeableness, long after that inward '
stedfastness over which the change from Hght I
to darkness, from day to night, no longer hftsj
any infiuenoe ! It is this, even this, that givea
Nature so edifying, so salutary an infiuence over
man. !

S. The voice of Nature is such that it can be
heard and understood in all languages. Hie
voice with which Nature addresses man is like
the look of a friend or the fieothful pressure or
the hand, which are understood among iSi
nations without the utterance of a word. Is it
not also really the eye of Grod, that most fiftith-
fhl of friends, that looks out of Nature upon us;
and have not the nations of the earth in some
measure understood this voice? But true un-^
derstanding was wanting in their hearts; there!
was no interpreter within, for they worshipped
the creature instead of the Creator. (Eom. i.
21-28.) And thus they supposed thast the song
of praise, which all creatures in heaven and
upon earth sing, was a song of praise to the
Tet all creatures declare only ^

I



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338



THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.



glory of God, who has made them ! IJow many
are there among tii who do not rightly iindei-
8tand this ! "When I hear the outbursts of
enthusiasm at the beauty of Nature, it pains me
deeply that nothing is spoken of but the honour
of the creature, and that the spirit never ascends
from this to Him who has created it. I could
sometimes go to the enthusiastic admirer and
say : ** Alas ! my fellow-mortal, you do not pro-
perly understand the tnie import of this song
of praise ! It celebrates the honour of God,
who has made all his works so beautiful !"

I *' Fair Iil7 ! which In gorgeous robe

Upon the mead I see»
j ! Thou art a pattern for my life—

' ! A teacher given to me."

1^0 come, let us worship and bow down; let us
I kneel before the Lord our Maker. For he is
our God; and we are the people of his pasture,
and the sheep of his hand.** (Ps. xcv. 6.)

4. Everything in the firmament of heaven
4oes indeed declare the glory of God, and every-
thing impresses us with the idea that ** every-
thing is old, and everything is new in tliat
everlasting kingdom;'* but especially do wc re-
ceive this impression from the sun, when each
morning it again arises to its circuit in tlie sky,
-with perfect freshness, as though it bad just
been bathing. To beings like us, it appears as
though it bad been gathering fresh strength, as
; we, children of men, renew our strength during
ihe quiet night; yet its setting here is only its
rising in another hemisphere. How, with its
shining, does it extinguish everything else that
weuld shine alongside of it, and thus ascends
the sky entirely alone ! How docs it, without
respect of persons, like a monarch send its
beams over mountain and valley, over the lowly,
and over the lofty I It is not so very astonishing
that men who had not the second, to expUin
the first testament of God, namely, the book of



Online LibraryThomas CarlyleThe Christian treasury, Volume 2 → online text (page 77 of 145)