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land, i. 14.

Darien company, the, ii. 136.

Darnley, Henry Stuart, Lord, i. 387,
417.

Dash wood. Sir Francis, Baron le De-
spencer, chancellor of the exchequer,
ii. 200, 239.

David (brother of Llewelyn) is knight-
ed, i. 191 ; again revolts, ib. ; is
given up by the Welsh, ib. ; is exe-
cuted, ib.

Da vies. Sir John, attorney-general for
Ireland, quoted, i. 309, 420, 422.

Davison, William, i. 369, 388.

Debates, parliamentary, contest over
the printing of, ii. 228, 229.

Declaration of Independence, the
American, i. 134; ii. 213, 214.

Declaration of Indulgence, the, ii. 68.

Declaration of Rights, the, ii. 81.

Decretals, the false, i. 86.

De donis conditionalibus, the statute,
i. 177.

Defenders, ii. 284.

Delinquents, the, their estates se-
questrated, i. 539; treatment of,
558.

Democracy, character of {temp. Ed-
ward III.), i. 219.

Denain, battle of, ii. 150.

Derby, Henry Plantagenet, Earl of
(also Earl of Lancaster, Leicester,
and Lincoln, and Duke of Lancas-
ter) , a grandee in the time of Ed-
ward HI., i. 218.

Derby, James Stanley, seventh Earl
of, leads a royalist rising in Lanca-
shire, i. 689.

Derby, Thomas Stanley, first Earl of,
i. 275.

Dermot, calls aid of Henry II., i. 101.

De Ruyter. See Ruyter.

Despenser, Henry le. Bishop of Nor-
wich, i. 237.

Despenser, Hugh le (baron and jus-
ticiar, killed at Evesham), i. 207.

Despensers, the, i. 206; reign in the



INDEX



447



king's name, 207 ; their political

aims, ib. ; execution of, 208.
De Vere, Robert. See Vere, Robert

de.
Devons, the, i. 269.
Devonshire, William Cavendish, fourth

Earl (and first Duke) of, ii. 70, 71.
Devonshire, William Cavendish, fourth

Duke of, ii. 191.
Devonshire, Georgiana Cavendish,

duchess of (wife of the fifth Duke) ,

canvasses in the Whig interest, ii.

237.
D'Ewes, Sir Simonds, i. 398.
De Witt. See Witt.
"Dialogue on the Exchequer," the.

See Nigel, Bishop of Ely.
Digby, John. See Bristol, Earl of.
Diocesan system, i. 11.
Diplomacy {temp. Henry VIII.), i. 307 ;

the zenith of, 383.
Directory, men of the, ii. 28.
Discovery, activity of (temp. Henry

VII.),i. 280, 294.
Disestablishment, attempts at, ii. 363

et sq.
Dissenters (see also Nonconformists),

their influence on England, ii. 17 ;

effect of the Toleration Act on, 88;

marriage of, 364.
Distraint of knighthood, i. 176.
Dobson, William, his portrait of

Charles I., i. 469.
Dodwell, Henry, ii. 89.
Dominicans, founded by Innocent III.,

i. 123, 124, 145, 157.
Bonis conditionalibus, the statute, de

(13Edw. I.e. l),i. 177,288.
Doomsday Book, i, 28.
Dorislaus, Isaac, assassinated, i. 578.
Dort, Synod of, i. 444, 476, 483.
Douglas, Archibald, fifth Earl of

Angus, i. 405.
Douglas, house of, i. 405.
Douglas, William, eighth Earl of

Douglas, i. 405.
"Douglas's larder," i. 201.
Dover, treaty of (temp. Charles II.),

ii. 31, 33.
Drake, Sir Francis, i. 368, .382, 472.
Drogheda, slaughter at, i. 581.
Drury, Sir Dene, i. 388.



Dudley, Edmund, i. 300; executed, 302.

Dudleys, the origin and politics of, i.
334.

Du Guesclin, Bertrand, i. 221.

Duke, title of, i. 228.

Dunbar, battle of, i. 588.

Duncan, Adam, Viscount Duncan, ii.
287.

Dundalk, battle of, i. 203.

Dundas, Henry, first Viscount of Mel-
ville, ii. 249, 303, 448.

Dundee, Graham Claverhouse, Vis-
count, raises an army in Scotland,
ii. 93.

Dunning, John, first Baron Ashburton,
ii. 226, 228.

Dunois, Jean, Count of, i. 261.

Duns Scotus, John, i. 279.

Dunstan, St., i. 12, 13.

Dupleix, Marquis, ii. 233, 413.

Durham, John George, first Earl of,
ii. 341, 389; sent as governor to
Canada, 395; his report, 395, 401
et sg.

Dutch war (temp. Charles H.), ii. 32
et sq.

E

Eadmer, i. 49, 50, 64, 65.

Earldoms, the great, in Saxon times,

i. 15; creation of, 82; the great

(temp. Edward U.), 204.
Earls, i. 29.
Eastern Counties' Association, i. 546,

550.
East India Company founded (see also

India, British Empire in), (9 Gul.

III. c. 44), ii. 117, 232 et sq.; Pitt's

bill (24 Geo. III. Sess. 1, c. 3), 248

etsq., 372.
East Retford, ii. 339.
Edgar Atheling, i. 15, 20.
Edgar the Pacific, i. 12.
Edgehill, battle of, i. 540.
Edict of Arms. See Assize of Arms.
Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury,

i. 156.
Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, second

son of Henry III., i. 157.
Edmund Ironside, i. 13.
Edmund the Elder, i. 12.
Edmundsbury. See St. Edmandsbury.



448



INDEX



Education, becomes classical, i. 279;
popular, forwarded by protes-
tantism, 349; national {temp.
WilliamIV.),ii. 374, 375.

Edward the Confessor, i. 14 ; his char-
acter, ib.; political history in reign
of, 15.

Edward the Elder, i. 12.

Edward, Prince (afterwards Ed-
ward I., q. v.), first comes upon the
scene, i. 159; his conduct at the
battle of Lewes, 161 ; pledges him-
self to the Earl of Gloucester, 163 ;
joins the last crusade, 164; pro-
claimed king in his absence, ib.

Edward I. (see also Edward, Prince),
the greatest ruler of the middle age,
i. 165 ; as compared with others, ib. ;
his reign an epoch, ib. ; thoroughly
English, 166; powerful and re-
spected, ib. ; his appearance, ib. ;
his character, i6., 167 ; returns from
the crusades, 168; his political aim,
169; his statesmanship and pol-
icy, 170 et sq. ; his military policy,
176; restrains clerical encroach-
ments, 177-180; fosters commerce,
183; banishes the Jews, i. 185; in-
censes the feudal magnates, 186 ; his
financial straits, ib. ; resorts to tal-
lage, ib. ; evokes opposition, 186,
187 ; embarks for Flanders, 187 ; con-
firms to Great Charter, with exten-
sions, ib.; his conquest of Wales,
189, 190-192; loses his wife, 192;
bears her corpse to London, ib. ; his
attempts to annex Scotland, 193 ; ad-
judicates upon the succession to the
Scotch throne, 194, 195; subdues
Scotland, 196; is called away to
France, 197; enters Scotland, 198;
defeats Wallace, ib. ; is again called
to Scotland, 199; his treatment of
the followers of Bruce, 200; marches
towards Scotland, ib.; dies, ib.;
compared to Richelieu, ib.; the
stability of his government, 209.

Edward, Prince (afterwards Ed-
ward II., q. v.), \. 194.

Edward II., neglects Scotland, i. 202;
is defeated at Baunockburn, ib. ;
his weakness, 203 ; his appearance.



ib. ; his character, ib. ; relies on the
Dispensers, 206 ; defeats Lancaster,
207; his end, 209.

Edward III., begins really to rule, i.
210; his capabilities, ib.; the char-
acter of his reign, ib. ; invades Scot-
land, 210, 211; wins at Hallidon,
210; annexes Berwick, 211; his
chivalry, ib., 212; invades France,
ib.; baleful influence of his victo-
ries on England, 214; on France,
ib. ; makes an alliance with the de-
mocracy of Flanders, 218 ; stretches
the prerogative, 221 ; renounces his
prerogatives, 223 ; fosters trade, 224 ;
the last years of his reign, 227 ; dies,
229.

Edward, the Black Prince, i. 212, 213,
220; allies himself with Pedro the
Cruel, 227 ; returns to England, ib. ;
supports his heir, 228, 239.

Edward IV., defeats Margaret's army
at Tewkesbury, i. 268 ; not despotic,
272; his ruthlessness, ib.; his arbi-
trary taxation, ib., 270, 295.

Edward V., proclaimed king, i. 272.

Edward VL, his precocity, i. 343; his
protestantism, ib.

Edwin, Earl, i. 20.

Egbert, king of Wessex, i. 6.

"Eikon Basilike," effectiveness of, 1.
576.

Eldon, John Scott, Lord, ii. 277 ; Chan-
cellor, 298, 313, 314, 329, 330, 332.

Eleanor, Queen (of Provence) , wife of
Henry III., i. 152, 153, 162.

Eleanor, Queen (of Castile), wife of
Edward I., i. 166, 167, 192, 201.

Election, principle of, in the succession
to the throne, set aside, i. 75 ; free-
dom of, modified (^emp. Edward I.),
172, 173, 276, 400; parliamentary,
disputed, referred to a judicial com-
mittee of the House (10 G^o. III.
c. 16),ii. 228.

Eleven members, the, denounced by
the army (1647), i. 563.

Elgin, James Bruce, eighth Earl of,
governor of Canada, ii. 398 et sq.,
400,401; quoted, 428, 429.

Eliot, Sir John, i. 146, 462; his char-
acter, 476; his political philosophy,



INDEX



449



477 ; his speech iu the impeachment
of Buckingham, 476, 477; his "The
Monarchy of Man," 477; impris-
oned, 483.

Elizabeth, Queen of England (as prin-
cess), i. 323, 325; Seymour tries to
marry, 354; (as queen), i. 367;
changing estimate of, ib. ; her char-
acter, lb., 368; her counsellors and
favourites, 369; declared supreme
in the church (1 Eliz. c. 1), 371; is
deposed by the pope, ih. ; her reign
a political gap, 380 ; the question of
her marriage, 383 e< sq.; her flirta-
tions, 384; her favourites, ih.; her
rivalry with Mary, 386 et sq., 416;
her heart not iu the protestant
cause, 389; her parsimony, ib. ;
negotiates with Philip II. of Spain,
391 ; styled overlooker of the church,
395; her recourse to, and treat-
ment of, parliament, 400, 431; re-
fuses to settle the succession, 403.

Elizabeth, Princess (daughter of James
I., wife of Frederick V., elector
palatine) , i. 460.

Ellesmere, Thomas Egerton, Baron, 1.
457.

Elpheg, i. 49.

Emigration {temp. Charles I.), i. 501.

Empire, the British, li. 384 et sq.

Empson, Richard, 1. 300; executed,
302.

Enclosures or commons, laws against
breaking into (386 Edw. VI. c. 5),
i. 349.

Encyclical, the. of 1864f i. 35, 348.

Engagers, i. 589.

England, no common name for, i. 1;
her insular character, 2 ; condition
(temp. George IV.) , ii. 326, 327 ; con-
dition of {temp. William IV.), 367
et sq.

English Channel, influence of, in his-
tory of England, i. 1, 2, 3.

English language, supplants French,
i. 219.

Englishry, presentment of, i. 21 ;
ceases under Henry II., 119.

Entail, guarded from alienation, i.
177 ; power of breaking, 288.

Episcopacy, retained where the refor-
voL. 11 — 29



mation was monarchical, i. 375 ; its

abolition demanded, 523.
Episcopate, a new, required (temp.

Elizabeth), i. 375 et sq.
Erasmus, Desiderius, i. 313, 314, 328,

329, 425.
Erastianism established, i. 347, 374.
Erskine, Thomas, Lord, ii. 276.
Escheats (temp. William II.), i. 45.
Essex, Arthur Capel, Earl of, ii. 36,48.
Essex, Countess of. See Howard,

Frances.
Essex, Henry of, i. 82.
Essex, Robert Devereux, second Earl

of, i. 402, 436.
Essex, Robert Devereux, third Earl

of, i. 451 et sq., 538 ; marches from

London, 542; defeated in Cornwall,

549.
Establissements, i. 181.
Estates tail, not forfeitable by treason,

i. 288.
Ethelbert, king of Kent, converted to

Christianity, i. 6.
Ethelred, i. 13.
Eucharist, how regarded (temp.

Edward VI.), i. 346.
European system, England's relation

to, i. 1.
Eustace (second son of Stephen), i. 87.
Eustace the Monk, i. 150.
Evans, Sir George de Lacy, ii. 325.
Evelyn, John, on the execution of the

regicides, ii. 6.
Evesham, battle of, i. 163, 207.
Evidence, iu trials, primitive views of,

i. 81, 82.
Evreux, Bishop of, i. 41.
Exchequer, organization of the, i. 69;

funds in the, seized by Charles II.,

ii. 33, 34.
Excise bill, the, ii. 179.
Exclusion bill, the, ii. 43, 82.
Exeter (town), besieged, i. 349.



Factory acts, ii. 372, 373.

Fairfax, Thomas, third Viscount,
placed at the head of the new
model, i. 551 ; his accomplishments,
ih., 556; takes Colchester, 566; re-



450



INDEX



fuses to attend the trial of Charles
I., 569; puts down mutiny, 575; his
leanings towards Presbyterianism,
687 ; declines to command the army
for the invasion of Scotland, ib. ;
retires to Nun Appleton, ib. ; results
to his retirement, ib.

Fairfaxes, the (Ferdinand© and
Thomas, second and third Viscounts
Fairfax), are overthrown at Adwal-
ton Moor, i. 541, 546.

"Fair of Lincoln," i. 150.

Faith, catholic, decay of, i. 279.

Falkland, Lucius Gary, second Vis-
count, i. 499, 510; supports the at-
tainder of Strafford, 520; killed, 542.

False decretals. See Decretals.

Familists, i. 545.

Family Compact, the, ii. 391 et sq.

Famine {temp. Henry III.), i. 155, 156;
(temp. Edward IL), i. 206, 207.

Fasting upheld by the reformers, i.
343; why enjoined, 346.

Fastolf , Sir John, i. 262.

Fawkes, Guido, i. 441.

Fazakerley, Nicholas, ii. 177, 178.

Fealty, age of, passing away, i. 238.

Federation, Canadian meaning of the
word, ii. 602 et sq. ; Australian, 405.

Ferdinand IL, of Austria, i. 461, 462.

Ferdinand V., of Spain, i. 281, 284.

Ferdinand VII., of Spain, ii. 324.

Feringdon, Hugh, Abbot of Reading,
i. 333.

Ferozeshah, battle of, ii. 425.

Ferrand, Count of Flanders, threatens
Philip of France, i. 129.

Feudal system, the, as it existed in
France, i. 23; as it was introduced
into England by William, ib. ; origin
of, 24 ; as remodelled by Flambard,
45; {temp. William IL), 45, 46;
abuses of, 134; disappearance of,
280 ; the end of, ii. 9.

Fiefs, i. 28, 29.

Fiennes, Nathaniel, i. 541.

Fiennes, William. See Saye and Sale,
Viscount.

Fifth-Monarchy Men, i. 545.

Filmer, his theory of divine right, ii.
50.

Finance {temp. Henry II.) , i. 84.



Finch, Sir John, Baron Finch of Ford-
wick, i. 514.

Fines, abuses of, i. 134; statute of
(4Hen. VIL c. 24), 287, 288.

Finnian, Count of. Prince Bishop of
Salzburg. See Salzburg.

Firearms replace bows, i. 280.

Fish recommended for fast days (283
Edw. VI. c. 19), i. 343.

Fisher, John, Bishop of Rochester, i.
305, 329, 330.

Fitzarthur, Ascelin, i. 41.

Fitzgerald, Judkin, ii. 289.

Fitzgerald, Maurice, i. 102.

Fitzgerald, Vesey, ii. 335.

Fitzherbert, Mrs., ii. 254.

Fitzneale, or Fitznigel, Richard. See
Richard of Ely.

Fitzosbert, William (surnamed Long-
beard), i. 116, 117.

Fitzpeter, Geoffrey, i. 120.

Fitzstephen, Robert, i. 102.

Fitzwalter, Robert, i. 131.

Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth,
second Earl, ii. 286.

Fitzwilliam s, the, origin and politics
of, i. 334.

Five members, the, proceedings
against, i. 528.

Five Mile Act (17 Car. IL c. 2), the,
ii. 18.

Flails, protestant, ii. 41.

Flambard, Ranulph, Bishop of Dur-
ham, justiciar of William II. , i. 45;
remodels the feudal system, ib. ; his
encroachments on the church, 46,
47; fills the king's treasury, 47;
sues Anselm, 50; imprisoned by
Henry I., 58; escapes, ib.; de-
bauches the English fleet, 59.

Flanders, i. 293, 425.

Fleet, the, Richard I.'s, opens the his-
tory of the British navy, i. Ill;
Edward HI.'s, how raised, 218;
{temp. Commonwealth), 578.

Fleet marriages stopped (26 Geo. II.
c. 33), ii. 162.

Fleetwood, Charles, Colonel, i. 556,
611.

Fletcher of Saltoun, ii. 137.

Fleury, Andre-Hercule de, ii. 174.

Flodden, battle of, i. 308, 407, 408.



INDEX



451



Floyd, Edward, i. 461, 462, 504.

Foliot, Gilbert, Bishop of London,
pleads the king's cause against
Becket, i. 95.

Fontevraud, i. 144.

Ford, John, i. 282.

Forde, Francis, ii. 413.

Forestallers, i. 224.

Forest, John, is burned, i. 363.

forests and forest law, i. 6, 27, 46,
135, 149, 187; ii. 56.

Fortescue, Sir John, i. 276.

Fouche, Joseph, Duke of Otranto, a
product of the French Revolution,
ii. 28.

Four tables, the, i. 505.

Fowin, Edward I.'s groom, i. 168.

Fox, Charles, ii. 218, 219, 231, 232; his
India bill, 234, 235 : his election for
Westminster, 237, 275 et sq., 280 et
sq., 303, 305, 369.

Fox, Henry, ii. 190, 199.

Fox, Richard, Bishop, i. 300.

France, ravaged by Edward III., i. 214 ;
the conquest of, a mischievous dream,
220; Edward III.'s war with, degen-
erates into raids, 221 ; effect of Eng-
lish attacks on, 262; tlie war in
{temp. Henry VI.), 264; growing
strength of, under Richelieu, 426.

Franchise, the, outgrown, ii. 321 ei sq.,
342 et sq. ; as changed by the reform
bill, 349 e^sg.

Francis of Assisi, i. 145, 146.

Francis I., of France, i. 307, 331.

Francis de Sales, St., i. 424.

Franciscans, founded by Innocent IH.,
i. 123, 124, 145 ; enter the universities,
i. 148; influence education, ib., 157.

Franklin, Benjamin, ii. 212, 213.

Frank-pledge, i. 10; defunct, 184. .

Fratricide, common in Norman annals,
i. 104.

Frederick II., Emperor of the Holy
Roman Empire, i. 155, 181.

Frederick V., Elector Palatine, accepts
the Bohemian crown, i. 461, 472.

Frederick II. the Great, of Prussia,
and the Seven Years"* War, ii. 193
et sq.

Freehold, forty-shilling^ qualification,
1. 276.



French-Canadians, the, ii. 390 et sq.,

396 et sq., 400.
French language, the, use of {temp.

Henry II.) , i. 78 ; {temp. Edward I.) ,

166.
Friars, degradation of, i. 231.
Frobisher, Sir Martin, i. 368, 382.
Froissart, Jehan, i. 241.
Fronde, wars of the, i. 302.
Fulk, Count of Anjou, i. 71.
Fyrd, i. 25, 30; reorganized by

Henry II., 78, 79, 176.



G

Gaelic, i. 410.

Gage, Thomas, General, ii. 216.

Gaillard, chateau, i. 114, 120.

Galileo Galilei, i. 35.

Gallowglass, i. 419.

Galway, i. 310.

Gardiner, Stephen, Bishop of Winches-
ter, i. 337 ; imprisoned, 344 ; released,
360.

Garnett, Henry, implicated in gun-
powder plot, i. 441.

Garter, Order of the, i. 211.

Gascony, retention of, by England, i.
197 ; lost, 262.

Gatton. ii. 320.

Gauden, John, Bishop of Worcester, i.
576.

Gaunt, Elizabeth, burnt alive, ii. 61.

Gaunt, John of. See John of Gaunt.

Gaveston, Piers, i. 204; banished, i.
206; absolved by the pope and re-
turns, ib. ,• is beheaded, ib. ; his
merits and demerits, ib.

Gendarmerie, the, of London, i. 356.

Gentleman, country. See Squire.

Gentry, landed, growth of, i. 392.

Geoffrey, bastard son of Henry II., 1.
105, 108.

Geoffrey, Archdeacon of Norwich,
starved to death, i. 125.

George I., ii. 154 et sq. ; resistance to
his accession, 164 et sq. ; clings to
the Whigs, 165 ; leaves government
to Walpole, 170.

George II., ascends the throne, ii. 181.

George III., ascends the throne, ii.
195; his education, 196; his policy,



452



INDEX



197 et sq. ; coerces the colonies, 218,
221 ; his madness, 306.

George IV. (as Prince of Wales), ii.
253 et sq. ; his character, 306 ; he-
comes king, 319 et sq.

Greorge, Prince, of Denmark, sides
with William III., ii. 77.

Geraldine, Sept of, i. 312.

Germaine, Lord George, Viscount
Sackville, ii. 217.

Germany, Catholicism and protestant-
ism in, i. 313, 424, 425.

Gerrard, John, his plot, i. 612.

Gesiths, i. 9.

Ghent, besieged by Philip II. of France,
i. 129.

Gibraltar, retained by England, ii.
150, 409 et sq.

Ginkell, Godart van. Earl of Athlone,
reduces Ireland, ii. 97.

Giordano Bruno. See Bruno, Gior-
dano.

Girard, i. 53.

Glanville, Ranulph de, i. 83, 106, 108.

Glasgow Cathedral, i. 409, 413.

Glaston, the Abbot of. See Whiting,
Richard.

Glencoe, massacre of, ii. 136.

Glendower, Owen, i. 192, 248.

Gloucester, Gilbert de Clare, eighth
Earl of, i. 160.

Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, made
Protector, i. 264.

Gloucester, Richard de Clare, eighth
Earl of Hertford and seventh Earl of
Gloucester, sides with De Montfort,
i. 158; falls out with him, 159, 163.

Gloucester, Thomas, of Woodstock,
Earl of Buckingham, and Duke of,
i. 240.

Gloucester (town), a royal seat, i. 26;
(<e)np. William I.), 38; sacked, 73,
74, 536 ; besieged, 542.

Gloucester, William, Earl of, i. 119.

Glyn, John, i. 510, 556, 563.

Godfrey, Sir Edmund Berry, murder

of, ii. 41.
Godolphin, Sidney, first Earl of, sup-
ports the exclusion bill, ii. 43, 107
131.
Godwin, Earl, i. 14.
Godwin, William, ii. 318.



Golden Fleece, Order of the, i. 211.

Gondomar, Diego Sarmiento de Acuna,
Count of, Spain's ambassador to
England, i. 453.

Goodman, Godfrey, Bishop of Glouces-
ter, i. 502.

Goodwin, Thomas, i. 535, 544.

Gordon, Lord George, and the riots,
ii. 230.

Goring, George. See Norwich, Earl
of.

Gosford, Lord, ii. 293.

Government, local, form of, under
William I., i. 30 ; how Henry II. dealt
with it, 82 ; constitutional progress
in {temp. Richard I.), i. 114; the
three branches of, nearly completed,
183; parliamentary {temp. Ed-
ward II.), 209; development of, un-
der Edward III., 210; condition of
{temp. Elizabeth), 379; responsible
{temp. Elizabeth), 399.

Gower, John, i. 219.

Gowrie conspiracy, i. 434.

Grace, act of (" act of pardon and in-
demnity"), {temp. William III.),
(2 Gul. and Mar. c. 10), ii. 91.

Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitzroy,
third Duke of, ii. 211.

Grafton, Richard, i. 274.

Graham, house of, i. 405.

Graham, Sir James, ii. 355.

Grand demonstrance, the, i. 525; the
debate on, 526.

Grand jury, trace of primitive mode
of presentment found in, i. 80, 81.

Grandmesnil, Ivo de, i. 60, 61.

Grattan, Henry, ii. 225, 245, 285, 294,
295, 333.

Gray, Thomas, i. 191.

Great Council. See Council, Great.

Great Tew, i. 499.

Gregory the Great, Pope, sends Augus-
tine to England, i. 6.

Gregory VII., Pope. See Hildebrand.

Green, Sir Henry, i. 239.

Greene, Robert, i. 377.

Greenwood, John, i. 396.

Grenville, George, head of the govern-
ment, ii, 200; taxes the colonies,
206 etsq., 268, 269, 423.

Grenville, Sir Beril, i. 539.



INDEX



463



Grey, Arthur, fourteenth Lord Key
de Wilton, i. 418.

Grey, Charles, second Earl, ii. 281;
advocates parliamentary reform, 317
et sq., Ml et 55'.,344.

Grey, John de. Bishop of Norwich, i.
121, 126; governs Ireland for John,
ib. ; death of, 130.

Grey, Lady Jane, i. 358, 360.

Grey, Sir Richard, i. 273.

Grey, Walter de, Bishop of Worcester,
i. 142.

Grindal, Edmund, Archbishop of Can-
terbury, i. 396, 397.

Grindecobbe, i. 237.

Grocyn, William, i. 314.

Grosseteste, Robert, Bishop of Lincoln,
i. 156, 158, 177, 315.

Gualo, papal legate, i. 144, 150.

Guesclin. See Du Guesclin.

Guild halls, i. 147.

Guilds, merchant, replaced by full
commune, i. 115, 147.

Guilford, Francis North, Lord, ii. 41,
42.

Guises, the, 1. 377, 386.

Guitmond, refuses to remain in Eng-
land, i. 37.

Guizot, Francois - Pierre - Guillaume,
quoted, 1. 621.

Gulbert of Hugleville, returns to Nor-
mandy, i. 37.

Gunpowder, i. 259.

Gunpowder plot, the, i. 441.

Gustavus Adolphus II., king of
Sweden, i. 495; ii. 38.

Guthrie, James, executed, ii. 8.



Habeas corpus, i. 133, 138, 296; un-
known in Scotland, 407 ; act, passed
(31 Car. II. c. 2), ii. 38; suspended
by Pitt (34 Geo. III. c. 54; 35 Geo.
m. c. 3; 38 Geo. III. c. 36; 41
Geo. m. 0.26), 272.

Habitants, the, ii. 389 et sq.

Hadrian IV., Pope. See Adrian.

Hadwisa, King John's first wife, i.
119.

Hseretico comburendo, the statute de
(2 Hen. IV. c. 15, stat. 2), i. 252, 253,



357 ; re-enacted {temp. Mary, 1 & 2
Phil. & Mar. c. 8), i. 361; abolished
(29Car. IL c. 9),ii. 20.

Haileyburg College, ii. 422.

Hales, John, i. 499.

Halidon, battle of, i. 210, 407.

Halifax, George Savile, first Marquis
of, succeeds Danby, ii. 39, 43, 44.

Hall, Sir Matthew, i. 181.

Hallam, Henry, i. 287, 288, 306, 401,
402 ; ii. 4, 147.

Hamilton, house of, i. 405.

Hamilton, James Hamilton, third Mar-
quis and first Duke of, i. 506; heads
a royalist Scotch party, 565, 589.

Hammond, Robert, Colonel, i. 564.

Hampden, John, refuses to pay ship-
money, i. 492; is condemned, 493,
510, 524 ; his object in the civil war,
532, 533, 541 ; ii. 36.

Hampshire, i. 27.

Hampton conference, the, i. 437, 438.

Hanseatic league, formed, i. 146.

Hanse, the, i. 292.

Hardinge, Henry, first Viscount, ii.
425.

Hargreaves, James, ii. 255.

Harlaw, battle of, i. 410.

Harley, Robert, first Earl of Oxford,
ii. 1.31; his character, 147, 148; dis-
missed, 152; impeached, 165, 166.

Harold Hai'drada, i. 19.

Harold, King, raised to the throne, i.
15; defends England against the
Normans, 19; opposes Harold Har-
drada, ib.; conquers the Danes at
Stamford Bridge, ib. ; confronts the
Normans in Sussex, ib. ; takes up a
position on the hill of Senlac, ib. ;
disposition of his army, ib. ; is killed
by an arrow, 20.

Harris, George, first Lord, ii. 421.

Harrison, Thomas, Colonel, takes the
king to London, i. 568; his execu-
tion, ii. 5.

Haro, Luis de, i. 435.

Haselrig, Sir Arthur, i. 510, 620.

Hastings, Francis Rawdon-, first Mar-
quis of, governor-general of India,
ii. 423.

Hastings, the battle of. See Senlac,
the battle of.



454



INDEX



Hastings, Warren, ii. 416 ; his impeach-
ment, 249 e< 5^., 416.

Hastings, William, Lord, i. 273.

Hatton, Sir Christopher, i. 384, 389,
402.

Havana, taken, ii. 199.

Hawkins, Sir John, i. 382.

Hay, James, first Earl of Carlisle, his
ostentation, i. 450.

Head, Sir Francis Bond, ii. 394.

Hearth-tax, repealed (1 Gul. & Mar.
c. 10), (imposed, 14 Car. H. c. 10,
andieCar. II. c. 3),ii. 86.

Heath, Sir Robert, i. 492.

Heber, Reginald, Bishop of Calcutta,
ii. 423.

Henderson, Alexander, i. 506.

Henrietta Maria (wife of Charles I.),
compared with Marie Antoinette, i.



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