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{temp. Edward II.) , 205 ; to be held
yearly {temp. Edward IL), 206 ;
growth and power of {temp. Ed-
ward IL), 209; ill-informed {temp.
Edward III.), 221 ; struggles against
Edward III., 223; enlarges its pow-



INDEX



469



era, ib. ; activity of {temp. Edward
III.), 224; its organization pretty
complete, ib. ; definitely divided into
two houses, ib. : reforms abuses, 225 ;
cancels Richard II.'s charter of man-
umission, 237; the complaisance of
{temp. Richard U.), 241, 242; its de-
posing power, 243 ; deposes Richard
II., ib. ; settles the succession on
Henry IV., ib. ; latitude allowed to,
by Henry IV., 249, 250; its consent
is necessary to laws, 255, 256; the
powers it had acquired {temp. Rich-
ard III.) , 276 ; how acquired, ib. ; its
condition in the Wars of the Roses,
275,276,277,278; annual, ordained
by Edward II. , 278 ; its influence par-
amount over that of the city, 291;
no tax levied without its consent
{temp. Henry VII. et sq.), 296; no
fixed time for election or dissolution
{temp. Tudors), 298; its weakness
its strength {temp. Tudors), ib.;
only seven called by Henry VII.,
299; an engine of the government
{temp. Henry VIII.), 304; its sub-
serviency to Henry VIII., ib. ; legis-
lative authority of, restored, 356;
its independence {temp. Elizabeth) ,
397 et sq. ; Tudor compared with
Lancastrian, Z^etsq. ; annual, pre-
scribed by statute (6 Edw. II. c. 29 ;
36Edw. III. c. 10), 515; growth of
the power of {temp. Restoration),
ii. 10 ; right of, to deal with the suc-
cession to the crown, 43; end of the
struggle between king and, 85; char-
acter of {temp. William III.), 112
et sq.

Parliament, the Addled (1614), signifi-
cance of the elections to, i. 450 ; its
constitution, ib.; its dissolution,
ib.

Parliament, the " Barebones," or
" Little," i. 602 et sq.

Parliament, Charles II.'s, ii. 7, 10; its
opposition to the Declaration of
Indulgence, 30 ; strikes at the Duke
of York, 31 ; its corruptibility, 35 ;
its protests and demands, 36 ; is dis-
solved, 39 ; his second, ib. ; his Oxford
parliament, 46.



Parliament, the "Convention," re-
stores Charles II., ii. 5.

Parliament, Cromwell's, i. 614.

Parliament, the " Good," i. 229.

Parliament of Ireland, i. 310, 312, 422 ;
{temp. George III.), ii. 243 et sq. ;
passes Catholic emancipation, 285.

Parliament, the " Long," called, i. 508
et sq. ; its temper, 512 ; its reforms,
513; passes a triennial bill (16 Car.
I. c. 1) , 515 ; forbids its own dissolu-
tion (16 Car. I. c. 7), ib.; attaints
Strafford, 521; its ecclesiastical re-
forms, 523 ; demands the command
of the militia, 529 ; its rupture with
the king, ib. et sq. ; makes war on
the king, 533 ; raises an army, 539 ;
accepts the solemn league and cove-
nant, 543 ; its severe measures when
under Presbyterian domination, 545 ;
remodels the army, 550, 551; pub-
lishes "The King's Cabinet Opened,"
551, 552; corruption of, 554; opens
fresh negotiations with CHarles
after his surrender by the Scotch,
558 ; attempts to disband the army,
563 ; fortifies London, ib. ; gives way
to the army, ib. ; submits a com-
promise to the king, 565 ; sends com-
missioners to treat with the king at
Newport, 567 ; ceases to be repre-
sentative of the people, 574; sur-
named the "Rump" {q. v. infra),
594 ; perpetuates itself, 596.

Parliament, the "Mad," i. 158.

Parliament, the " Merciless," i. 242.

Parliament, the "Rump," called, i.
647.

Parliament of Scotland, the, i. 406 et
sq. ; remodelled by James I., 407.

Parliamentary government {temp.
Edward I.), needs of, i. 165; not a
solitary birth in England, i. 171.

Parliamentary reform, Pitt's attempt
at, ii. 242, 320 et sq., 341 et sq.

Parma, Hercules Farnese, Duke of,
i. 377, 388, 425.

Parr, Catherine, wife of Henry VIII.,
i. 339.

Parricide, common in Norman annals,
i. 104.

Parties, formation of {temp. Edward



470



INDEX



II.), i. 204; (temp. Henry VIII.) ,

342.
Party government, origin of, ii. 106

et sq.
Party system, the, ii. 171.
Paschal, Pope, i. 62.
Paston letters, i. 262.
Paterson, William, projects the Da-

rien Company, ii. 136.
Pattinson, ii. 421.
Paul III., Pope, his attitude in the

question of the divorce of Anne

Boleyn, i. 320, 321 ; excommunicates

Henry VIII., 322.
Paul IV., Pope, his treatment of Car-
dinal Pole, i. 365.
Paulet, Sir Amyas, i. 388.
Paulinus, carries Christianity to

Northumbria, i. 6.
Pauperism, growth of (temp. Edward

VI.), i. 352; (te?np. Elizabeth), 379.
Peace, the king's, i. 10.
Peacham, Edmond, i. 436, 455.
Peasant, the {temp. William I.), i. 31;

not freed by the Great Charter, 138 ;

(temp. Edward I.), 175.
Peasants' war (England) . See Serfs,

Revolt of.
Peasants' war (Germany), i. 233.
Peckham, John, Archbishop of Can-
terbury, i. 178, 179.
Pecock, Reginald, Bishop of St. Asaph

and of Chichester, i. 314.
Pedro the Cruel, king of Castile, i.

227.
Peel, Sir Robert, ii. 314; his ability

and politics, 331 et sq. ; as leader,

328, 356 et sq.
Peers, i. 173; assembly of, called by

Charles I., 508.
Pelham, Henry, ii. 187.
Pembroke, William and Richard Mar-
shall, Earls of. See Marshall,

William and Richard.
Pembrokeshire, Flemings posted in,

i. 189.
Penal laws, i. 440.
Penda, King, i. 7.
Penitentials, Roman, i. 348.
Pennenden Heath, great suit decided

on, i. 30, 91.
Penny post, the, ii. 376.



Penruddock, John, royalists rise
under, i. 612, 613.

Penry, John, i. 396.

Perambulation of the forests, i. 187.

Perceval, Spencer, ii. 300, 314.

Percy, Henry, second Earl of North-
umberland, son and heir of Sir
Henry Percy, called " Hotspur," i.
256.

Percy, Sir Henry (" Harry Hotspur ") ,
i. 246.

Percys, the (see also Northumberland,
Earls of), Richard II. estranges, i.
242, 243; ally against Henry IV.,
246, 269.

Ferrers, Alice, i. 228, 229.

Persecutions, the Marian, i. 363 et sq. ;
number of those who suffered, 364;
few gentry and no nobles among the
martyrs, ib. ; its initiation ascribed
to Gardiner, ih. ; its cruelty to
Bonner, ih. ; parliament, queen, and
council responsible, ih. ; not Spain,
ih., 365; burnings confined to south
and east, 365; by the long parlia-
ment, 545 et sq.

Perth, North Inch of, clan fight at, i.
411.

Peruzzi, the, i. 222.

Peter the Hermit, i. 127.

Peter's pence irregularly paid in Saxon
times, i. 18 ; paid after the Conquest,
32, 315.

Peterloo, massacre of, ii. 327, 328.

Petition of Right, i. 133, 479.

Petre, Edward, Father, ii. 61, 63.

Philip II., Augustus, king of France,
i. 104, 111 ; prepares to invade Eng-
land, 127; attacks Flanders, 129;
fears the pope, 142.

Philip III. (the Bold) , king of France,
instigates the Scotch to attack Eng-
land, i. 213.

Philip II., of Spain, i. 172; marries
Mary, queen of England, 362, 365,
388.

Philip IV. (** the Fair "), of France, i.
326.

Philip Mary, Duke of Milan, i. 325.

Philip (Duke of Swabia) , the Hohen-
stauffen, i. 123.

Philiphaugh, battle of, i. 552.



INDEX



471



Philippa, Queen, wife of Edward III.,
i. 227.

Philosophy, scholastic, the era of, 1.
147 ; is displaced, 279.

Picard, Sir Henry, i. 224.

" Piers Ploughman," i. 233.

Pilate's Stairs, i. 334.

Pilgrimage of grace, i. 330, 333, 335.

Pilgrimages, discarded, i. 346.

Pilnitz, conference at, ii. 265.

Pindarees, the, ii. 421.

Pinkie Cleugh, battle of, i. 343, 411.

Piracy, common (temp. Henry VII.),
i. 292.

Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham, ii.
182, 185; comes to the front, 190;
his qualifications, ib.; head of the
government, 191 et sq.; his policy,
192; his character, ib., et sq.; his
foreign wars, 194 et sq.; his fall, 198;
upholds the revolt of the colonies,
207, 208; forms a ministry, 210, 211 ;
raised to the peerage, 211; resigns,
214 ; dies, 218.

Pitt, William, ii. 231; accepts the
premiership, 235 et sq. ; his early
training, ib.; his financial policy, 239
et sq., 241, 278 et sq.; his treatment
of Unitarians and Latitudinarians,
246 ; his East India bill, 248 et sq. ;
his foreign policy, 256 et sq. ; on
the French Revolution, 261, 262, 265,
266 ; his war with France, 266 et sq.;
as war minister, 269 ; his invasions
of liberty, 275 ; his oratory, 281, 282 ;
and the union with Ireland, 295 et
sq. ; resigns, 298 et sq. ; again takes
office, 302 et sq.

Pius v., Pope, deposes Elizabeth, i.
377.

Place bill proposed, ii. 110.

Place, Francis, ii. 352, 373.

Plague, the great, of London (see also
Black Death), ii. 18.

Plantagenet line, founder of the, 1. 76.

Plantagenet, Richard, Duke of York,
assumes the name of, i. 266.

Plantations, in Ireland, 422, 423.

Plassey, battle of, ii. 414, 421.

Platform, the birth of the, ii. 227; in-
fluence of (temp. George IV.), 323.

Plato, 1. 279.



Platonists, Cambridge, precursors of

the, i. 499.
Plessis les Tours, i. 284.
Plunket, Oliver, Archbishop of

Armagh, executed, ii. 41.
Plunket, William Conyngham, first

Baron, ii. 281, 296, 329, 330, 333.
Plymouth (town) , i. 536.
Poems, political, i. 147, 148.
Poitiers, battle of, i. 213; its influence,

214, 220, 238, 246.
Poitou, conquered by King John, i.

129.
Pole, John de la, Earl of Lincoln. See

Lincoln.
Pole, Michael de la, i. 240.
Pole, Reginald, Cardinal, i. 313, 314,

330, 359; made papal legate, 361;

his liberality of creed, 365.
Pole, William de la, fourth Earl, and

first Duke of Suffolk. See Suffolk,

Duke of.
Poles, the de la, i. 291.
Police, in Saxon times, i. 10.
Polity, old English, i. 1-15 ; Norman,

as compared with English, 30; its

central idea, ib.
Poll tax, i. 235.
Pomf ret Castle, Richard III. consigned

to, i. 244.
Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Pois-

son. Marchioness of, ii. 193.
Pontefract, Robert de, i. 60.
Pontigny, Abbot of, i. 95.
Poor law, i. 352 (temp. Elizabeth),

(35 Eliz. c. 4), 326 ; (teinp. Will-
iam IV.) (4 and 5 Gul. IV. c. 76), 11.

367, 379.
Poor, relief of, enjoined by statute

(lEdw.VLc. 3),i. 353.
Pope, the, his claims {temp. John), 1.

122; rival popes {temp. Henry III.),

155; how regarded in England, 314,

315.
Popish plot, the {temp. Charles II.), ii.

41.
Portland, William Henry Cavendish,

third Duke of, Prime Minijter, ii.

231, 286, 306.
Portobello taken, ii. 184.
Port-reeve, i. 38.
Ports, English, safe from attack, i. 2 ;



472



INDEX



liberties of, secured by the Great
Charter, 134, 135.

Portsmouth, Duchess of, as Mme.
Louise de Keroualle, sent by-
Louis XIV. to Charles II., ii. 32.

Pottinger, Eldred, ii. 421.

Poundage. See Tonnage and Pound-
age.

Poynings, Sir Edward, i. 312.

Praemunire, statute of (16 Rich. II.
c. 5), i. 220, 313, 315, 326, 361, 373.

Prayer Book. See Common Prayer,
Book of.

Prayers for the dead discarded, i. 346.

Preambles of statutes, i. 305.

Prerogative, the king's {temp. Will-
iam I.), i. 25 sq.; stretches of, by
Edward III., 221, by James I., 457.

Presbyterian party {temp. Charles I.),
aims of, i. 555; the Scotch, their
attachment to monarchy (temp.
Commonwealth), 584.

Presentment of Englishry. See Eng-
lishry.

Presentment of jury, primitive form
of, i. 80.

Press, the, government censorship of
(temp. Charles I.), i. 503; freedom
of the, fettered by the Common-
wealth, 577 ; laws restraining (temp.
Charles II.) , (14 Car. II. c. 33) , ii. 12 ;
censorship of, 114, 115 ; influence of
(temp. George IV.), 323; a cheap
political, 375.

Preston, battle of, i. 566, 584; ii. 187.

Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart, the
young, lands in Scotland, ii. 164,
187, 188.

Pride, Thomas, Colonel, "purges"
parliament, i. 567.

Priests, marriage of, i. 338.

Primogeniture in the choice of king in
Saxon times, i. 9, 26.

Prince Edward Island, ii. 399, 402.

Princes, the, murdered in the Tower.
See Edward V. and York, Richard,
Duke of.

Printing is born, i. 279 ; spread of, 297,
317 ; ousts copying, 332.

Prisons, inspection of, ii. 369.

Privy Council. See Council, the Privy.

Proclamations, royal, given the force



of law, repealed, i. 352, 356; Coke
protests against, 457. '

Proctors, clerical, i. 174.

Property, statutes limiting free con-
veyance of (temp. Henry VIII.), i.
303.

Protector, the, functions of, i. 608.

Protectorate, the, interferes with pri-
vate tastes and habits, i. 635; an-
archical state of, after Richard
Cromwell's resignation, 646 et sq.

Protestantism (see also Reformation),
Henry VIII. 's attitude towards, i.
317, 318; what bound the nobility
to, 334 ; its true birthday in England,
339 ; zeal of the continental, trans-
planted to England, 394 ; diversions
in, 426; and political freedom, 427;
outburst of (temp. James I.), 461.

Provisions of Oxford, objects of, i.
158, 159 ; annulled by Louis, 160, 205.

Provisors, statute of (25Edw. III. c.6),
i. 220, 313, 315.

Prynne, William, indicted, i. 503 ; is
set free, 514 ; his vengef ulness, ii. 6.

Public opinion (temp. George I.), ii.
157 etsq.

Puiset, Hugh de. Bishop of Durham,
i. 111.

Pulpit, the, a channel for opinion, i. 297.

Pulteney, William, Earl of Bath, ii.
182, 186.

Punjaub, the, ii. 425; annexed, ib.

Purgatory discarded, i. 346.

Puritan, a, described, i. 496, 497.

Puritanism, an antidote to arbitrary
government, i. 381 ; advent of, 393 ;
compared with Catholicism, ib. ; its
spirit, ib. ; its morality, ib. ; its atti-
tude towards culture and education,
ib.; its preachers, 396 ; the germs of
its conflict with Anglo-Catholicism,
428 et sq. ; compared with anglican-
ism, 495 et sq., 500; the end of, in
England, 649 ; the reaction from, ii.
1; death of, 17.

Puritans, middle class, described, i.
542.

Purveyance, i. 25, 26; restrained by
the Great Charter, 136, 137; Com-
mons attack the abuse of (temp.
James I.), 445 et sq.



INDEX



473



Pym, John, defends the penal laws,
i. 464, 479, 480; frames a remon-
strance, 508, 509, 510 ; advises strong
measures, 512, 513; carries the im-
peachment of Stratford, i6.,- attempt
on his life, 525 ; his object in the
civil war, 532, 533; his death and
burial, 541.

Pyxes discarded, i. 346.



Q

Quakers, the {temp. Restoration), ii.

19; penal law against (14 Car. II.

c. 1), ib.
Qualification of electors, i. 276; of

member of parliament settled (temp.

Anne) (9 Ann. c. 5), ii. 152.
Quarterly, the, quoted, ii. 396.
Quebec, i. 402; ii. 386, 387, 388, 392,

393, 402.
Quebec Act, the (14 Geo. III. c. 83), ii.

386.
Quia Emptores, statute of (18 Edw. I.

c. l),i. 177.
Quinn, James, quoted, ii. 6.
Quo Warranto, commission of, i. 177.



Racial distinctions, i. 28, 119.

Radicalism, ii. 318.

Ragman's roll, the, i. 196.

Rainsborough, Thomas, Colonel, i. 556 ;
murdered, 568.

Raleigh, Sir Walter, i. 368 ; his loyalty,
i. 381, 382; his plot on behalf of
Arabella Stuart, 453 et sq. ; his trial
and imprisonment, 454 ; his Guiana
expedition, ib. ; his execution, ib. ;
his last poem, ib., 455.

Ramillies, battle of, ii. 143.

Randolph, Sir Thomas, i. 383.

Ranjit Singh, ii. 425.

Ranters, i. 545.

Ranulph Flambard, or the Firebrand.
See Flambard.

Reading, judicial combat at, i. 82.

Reading, the Abbot of. See Feringdon,
Hugh.

Reciprocity treaty. Lord Elgin's, ii.
401.



Recognitions, sworn, in place of wager,
i. 82.

Recovery, common, i. 288.

Recruiters, i. 556.

Recusancy, laws against, made se-
verer (3 Jac. I. cc. 4, 5), i. 440.

Recusants, the, ii. 89.

Reform bill, the (2 Gul. IV. c. 45), i.
173, 502 ; ii. 342 et sq.

Reformation, the, dawn of, i. 156;
influences tendiug towards, 312 et
sq. ; its leaders in Europe, 313, 314 ;
{temp. Henry VIII.) , 326 et sq., 337 et
sq., 341 et sq. ; {temp. Edward VI.),
343 et sq. ; {temp. Mary), 360 et sq. ;
{temp. Elizabeth) , 371 et sq. ; in Scot-
land, 411 et sq. ; in Ireland, 417 et sq. ;
in Europe, 423 et sq., 427 et sq., 502,
503.

Regency, first regularly created, i.
150; of Richard II., 241, 342; of
George III., ii. 209, 252.

Regicides, execution of {temp. Charles
II.), ii. 5 et sq.

Reginald, sub-prior of Canterbury, i.
121.

Registration of births, etc., ii. 365.

Regium donum, the, stopped, ii. 151.

Regraters, i. 224.

Regulating Act (India) , ii. 415.

Relief (feudal), i. 45.

Remonstrants, i. 589.

Renaissance, dawn of, in England, 1.
230, 238.

Representation, principle of, often re-
sorted to by kings, i. 162; parlia-
mentary, anomalies of, ii. 320 et sq.,
342 et sq.

Republicanism of Greece and Rome,
influence of, i. 477, 478.

Republicans {temp. Charles I.), i. 555.

Republics, comparison of, i. 573.

Rescissory, the act, ii. 23.

Restoration, the, i. 648; transition to,
ii. 1, 9, 20.

Revolution, the French, ii. 258 et sq.

Revolutions, character of, ii. 53; of
1()88, character of, 53, 54 ; bloodless
and peaceful, 90 et sq.

Rhe, Isle of, i. 472.

Rhode Island, liberty of conscience in,
i. 548.



474



INDEX



Rich, Richard, first Baron Rich, i. 329.

Richard (Fitzneale or Fitznigel),
Bishop of Ely, Bishop of London,
his Dialogus de Scaccario, i. 83,
99.

Richard I., i. 104; is crowned, 106; his
mode of raising money, 107, 108 ; his
crusade, 112 et sq.; his death, 114;
his absences from England, 120.

Richard II., i. 228 ; his ascension, 233,
236, 237; his character, 238 et sq.;
resumes power, 241 et sq.; is im-
prisoned, 244, 309.

Richard III., i. 272 et sq. ; his murder
of the princes, 274, 281.

Richelieu, Cardinal, i. 201 ; his policy
purely political, 426, 435, 481.

Richmond, Charles Lennox, third Duke
of Richmond and Lennox, ii. 226.

Richmond (palace), i. 284.

Ridley, Nicholas, Bishop of London,
his character, i. 344, 364.

Rights of Man, the French declaration
of, i. 134.

Rinuccini, Giovanni Batista, papal
nuncio, i. 580, 582.

Riot Act, the (1 Geo. I. stat. 2, c. 5), ii.
167.

Ritualism, i. 502.

Rivers, Anthony Woodville, Earl, i.
273.

Rizzio, David, i. 387; murdered, 417.

Roads, the Roman, i. 6; improved
(temp. Henry VII.), 293.

Robert, Earl of Mellent, i. 52.

Robert IIL, of Scotland, i. 411.

Robert, of Gloucester (bastard half-
brother of Matilda), i. 73, 74.

Robert, of Normandy (son of William
I.), mortgages his duchy to William
Rufus, i. 54; returns from the cru-
sades, 59; invades England, ib.

Robert, of Jumibges, i. 14, 18.

Robert the Devil, i. 16.

Robinson, Sir Thomas, ii. 189, 190.

Robsart, Amy, i. 368, 384.

Robsart, Sir John, i. .384.

Rochelle, i. 472, 481.

Roches, Peter des, Bishop of Winches-
ter, i. 151, 152.

Rochester Castle, i. 140.

Rockingham Castle, i. 52.



Rockingham, Charles Watson- Went.

worth, second Marquis of, head of

the government, ii. 209, 210, 231.
Rocroy, battle of, i. 426.
Roderick, the Irish chieftain, i. 102.
Rodney, George Brydges, first Baron

Rodney, Admiral, his victories, ii.

221.
Roe, Sir Thomas, ii. 414.
Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, and his

son Roger, i. 69, 72.
Rolph, Dr. John, ii. 399.
Roman Catholicism, how regarded by

people and parliament (^emp. Charles

I.),i. 549.
Roman Catholics, disabilities of (temp.

George III.), ii. 229; some of these

abolished, 230.
Roman influence on the English race,

i. 4.
Roman law, i. 83.
Rome, the natural centre of the Latin

church, i. 34; sack of, 307.
Romilly, Sir Samuel, ii. 274, 321, 329,

330.
Rooke, Sir George, ii. 145.
Root and branch bill, causes a split in

the party, i. 523.
Roses, Wars of the, i. 204, 261 et sq.
Rosslyn Chapel, i. 409.
Rota Club, the, i. 646.
Round table, i. 192, 220.
Round towers of Ireland, i. 101.
Roundheads, origin of the name, i.

497, 528, 536 ; their morality, 539.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, i. 230, 458.
Roxburgh, castle of, i. 108.
Royal Marriage Act (12 Geo. III. c.

11), ii. 195.
Royal Society, formation of, ii. 20.
Royalists (of the civil war), their

armament and forces, i. 537, 538;

rise in the north and west (1655), i.

612.
Runnymede, King John meets the

barons at, i. 133.
Rupert, Prince, i. 538, 539; his conduct

at Edgehill, 540; surrenders Bristol,

552; raises the siege of York, 546;

his conduct at Marston Moor, 547 ;

defeats the Dutch, ii. 32.
Rupert's drops, ii. 20.



INDEX



475



Russell, Edward, Earl of Oxford, ii.

71 ; his character, 109.
Russell, Lord John, first Earl Russell,

li. 332, 359, 391.
Russell, Sir John, i. 302, 304.
Russell, William, Lord Russell, ii.

36,48.
Russells, the origin and politics of, i.

334.
Rutland, Edmund, Earl of, i. 269.
Ruyter, Michael Adrians-zoon van,

sweeps the channel, ii. 32.
Rye house plot, the, ii. 48 et sq.
Ryswick, treaty of, ii. 120.

S

Sabhath, the Calvinistic, instituted, i.

346.
Sacheverell, Henry, impeached, ii. 146.
Sacraments, the seven, reduced to two,

i. 346.
Sadler, Sir Ralph, i. 383.
Sailor, the British, treatment of (temp.

George III.), ii. 269 ei sq.
St. Albans, i. 271 ; battle of, i. 266.
St. Augustine. See Augustine.
St. Bartholomew, massacre of, i. 35,

377, 415, 442.
St. Catherine Cree, church of, i. 601,

546.
St. Drausius, i. 95.
St. Edmundsbury, i. 109, 130.
St. George's Channel, its influence on

English political history, i. 2.
St. Giles's Kirk, riot in, i. 505.
St. Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln, 114.
St. John, Oliver, i. 510.
St. Pierre, Eustace de, i. 212, 291.
St. Ruth, General, is defeated by

Einkell, ii. 97.
Salisbury, Margaret, Countess of, exe-
cuted, i. 331.
Salisbury, Robert Cecil, Earl of, i.

434, 448.
Salmasius, Claudius, his controversy

with Milton, i. 576.
Salzburg, Protestants of, expelled, i.

583.
Samson, Abbot, i. 109.
Sancroft, William, Archbishop, ii. 79,



San Domingo, ii. 408.

Sanctuary, privilege of, i. 316.

Sandwich, Edward Montague, Earl of,
his victories over the Dutch, ii. 32.

Sandwich (town), i. 143.

Saragossa, ii. 309.

Sarsfield, Patrick, ii. 97.

Savage, Sir Arnold, i. 249.

Savile, Sir George, ii. 230.

Savoy, Protestants of, massacred, i.
583.

Sawtre, William, i. 253.

Saxons, migration of, i. 3; and Nor-
mans, compared, 22.

Saye and Sele, William Fiennes, first
Viscount, i. 479.

Scandinavia, i. 293; Protestantism in,
425.

Scepticism, spread of (temp. Restora-
tion), ii. 20.

Schism Act, the (13 Ann. c. 7), ii. 151;
repealed (5 Geo. I. c. 4), 166.

Scholasticism, retreat of, i. 230.

Schomberg, Frederic Armand de,
Marshal, goes over to Ireland with
an army, ii. 96, 97.

Schools, founded by Edward VI., 1.
349.

Schwartz, Martin, i. 282.

Sciences, the natural, progress of
(temp. Restoration), ii. 20.

Scotland, its union with England at-
tempted (<emp. Edward I.),i. 189; a
disunited nation, 193, 199, 202, 404;
attacks England (temp. Henry
VIII.), 308; its constant wars with
England, 407 ; (temp. Charles I.), 505
et sq. ; (temp. Charles II.) , 585 et sq. ;
ii. 21 et sq. ; i. 590 ; (temp. Cromwell),
625 ; (temp. Revolution of 1688), ii. 91
et sq. ; united to England (6 Ann. c.
11), 134 et sq. ; effects of the union,
140 et sq.

Scott, Thomas, i. 620.

Scroggs, Sir William, ii. 41, 42, 47.

Scrope, of Masham, Lord, i. 256.

Scrope, Richard, Archbishop of York,
rebels, i. 246; executed, ib., 247,
252.

Scutage, instituted, 1. 79, 84, 226.

Seal, the great, a new one made (1643).
i. 533. 534.



476



INDEX



Sects, religious growth of {temp.

Charles I.), i- 544, 545; {temp. Com-
monwealth) , 575.
Security, act of, ii. 136.
Seditious Meetings Act, the (36 Geo.

III. c. 8),ii.273.
Sedley, Catherine, ii. 63.
Seekers, i. 545.
Selden, John, his book on tithe, i. 458 ;

retracts, ib., 483, 510, 535; supports

the independents, 556.
Self-denying ordinance, the, i. 550.
Self-government, Teutonic tendency

towards, i. 3.
Senlac, the battle of, i. 19, 20.
Septennial Act, the (Geo. I. c. 38), ii.

110, 167.
Septs, the Irish, i. 310, 418.
Serfdom, i. 38, 39.
Serfs, ordination of, i. 91 ; condition

of {tetnp. Edward I.), 175 ; revolt of,

233 et sq. ; emancipation of, 237 ;

drift into cities, 291 et sq.
Serlo, mayor of London, i. 147.
Servetus, Michael, burnt, i. 348,
Settlement, act of (Ireland) {temp.

Charles II.) (14 and 15 Car. II. c. 12) ,

ii. 22.
Settlement, act of (securing the Hano-
verian succession) (8 Ann. c. 15),

1709.
Settlement, act of (12 and 13 Gul. III.

c. 2), the, ii. 123 ; provisions of, 123,

124.
Seven bishops, the petition of, ii. 68 ;

trial of, ib.
Seymour, Jane (wife of Henry VIII.),

i. 323, 325; death of , 338.
Seymour, Thomas, Baron Seymour of

Sudeley,i. 302, 354,355.
Seymours, the, origin and politics of,

i. 334 ; influence of, 340.
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper,

first Earl of, a member of the Cabal,

ii. 27, 28, 36, 42, 47.
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper,

seventh Earl of, ii. 373.
Shakespeare, William, i. 209, 238, 245

248, 257, 259, 264, 368, 377, 380, 381,



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