Grace G. Montgomery.

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be well yersed in military (296) affairs.

8. The civilization of the United States has never tended to
civilize the Indiaus, but rather to extirpate (506) them.

73. CLAin>E9TI''K-nS, secret
1. Clandestine, secret.

1. William Penn was charged with making clandestine visits i
Jumes II., who was living in seclusion (77) in France.

74. CLA'M-0, 1 cry out, I shout. CLAMA'T-UM, to cry out, to shout

4. Disclaim, to deny the posses-
sion of any character.

Claimant, one that demands
a right (72.)

Clamorous, loudly importu-
nate, noisy. (68.)

1. Acclamation, a shout expres-

sive of assent.

2. Declamation, exercise of pub-

lic speaking.

3. Reclaim, to reform.

4. Proclamation, publication by


1. In a convention (659) to nominate (334) a candidate for the Presi-
dency, the nomination is sometimes made by acdamaUon, and
sometimes by balloting. >

2. Demosthenes made such strenuous efforts to overcome the defect
in his vocal (580) organs, that at last he became a model (306) in

3. Many of the Virginians had previously led vagrant (564) lives,
and Smith's efforts to reclaim them were useless.

4. The President, in his prodafnation, was careful to disclaim
any designs upon Mexico. .

76. CLA'E-US, clear, bright
1. Clarion, a shrill trumpet j Declaration, a proclamation.

I (60

1. As the darion sounded to announce (341) the return of the
British from Concord, the militia (296) began to collect (253) at Lexing*
ton, determined to throw every impediment (380) in their way.

76. CLA8'S-IS, a class.

2. Classify, to arrange in classes.

3. Classification, arrangemen

in classes.

1. Classic, Classical, relating to
authors of the highest rank,
such as Virgil, Homer, and

1. Milton must* have been a diligent (253) student of classie writers,
as hi^ juvenile (245) pieces are r^lete (391) with allusions (273) to the
Roman an 1 Greek authors.

5 D

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2. At the organization of the Goyernment, it was necessary i*
ddSSify the Senate.

8? The ddSSification of the Senate gives at all times a laige
majority (278), familiar (156) with the mode of transacting business.

77. CLAU'D-O, or GLna).0, 1 shut, I close. CLAU'S-IJM, or CLTT'S-TTM,
to shut, to close.

1. Seclude, to shut up apart.

2. Preclude, to prevent.

Seclusion, retirement. (73.)
Conclusive, decisive. (47.)

1. The Emperor (229) Charles V. determined to abdicate (116), and
seclude himself in a cloister, hoping to enjoy ih^i felicity (163), which
the possession of imperial (229) power was unable to impart.

2. In order to preclude the possibility of a Stuart coming to the
throne, an act was passed settling the crown on Sophia. Henrietta,
granddaughter of Charles I., determined to protest (529) against the
act of succession.

78. CLE'MENS, (CLEMEN'TIS,) xnUd, mercifuL

' Inclement, stormy. (68.) | Clemency, mercy. (57.)

79. CLI'H-O, I bend, I He dowiL
1. Inclination, propensity.

1. <* If my son shows any inclination to dissent from the Church
of England," said Admiral Penn, <* I will not Ae^'^a^e (216) to ditinherU
(217) him."

80. CLI'V-US, an ascent, a hill.

1. Proclivity, proneuess. I Declivity, descent. (56.)

2. Acclivity, ascent. |

1. The procli/vity of the Indians to the use of ardent spirits, tends
to deteriorate (113) their character, and rediLce (133) them to the lowest
rank in society (486).

2. As the British ascended (465) the acclivity ^ Prescott ordered
his men to reserve their fire, until the enemy should be in close

81. CO'DEX, (COD'IC-IS,) the trunk of a tree; a wiU.

1. Codicil, a supplement to a I Code, a collection or digest of
will. I laws. (41.)

1. King Richard's procrastination (91) in altering his will endan-
gered the succession ; but on his deathbed he added a codidi, giving
Uie kingdom to his brother.

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82. CO'L-0, 1 cultivate. CTTL'T-IJM, to cultivate.

!• CcTLTiVATK, to till. I CoLONiES, Settlements abroad. (3.)

*<J. Colonists, settlers in a colony. I

1. In the reign of Richard, a peasant employed to cultivate the
lands of one of tfie barous, struck the coulter against some hard isub-
stance, which proved to be a ponderous (898) chest filled with money.

2. Had not Pocahontas given to one of the coioflists an intimation
(285) of the inhuman (220) plot to exterminate (525) the white race in
Virginia, it would have been entirely destroyed.

83. CO'MES, (C0M'IT-I3,) a companioxL

1. Comity, kindness of manner. | 2. Concomitant, going with.

1. The comity shown by Louis XIV. to the destitute (485) James,
would have been no obstacle (485) to the continuance of peace between
England and France, had not Louis induced James to invade (553)

2. The defeat at Long Island, with all the concomitant circum^
stances, was the cause of great mental (291) distress to every patriot.

84. CONCIL'I-UH, an asf embly ; a council.

Council, an assembly held for
consultation. (66.)

1. Conciliatory, fitted to allay

angry feelings.

2. Conciliating, winning to


1. Many Tories, in 1775, fearing the confiscation (178) of their ^<^
erlp (41 6), advocated conciliatory measures.

2. Wolsey, for some time after his arrest, ^ cherished the fallaeious
(158) hope of conciliating the king.

85. COTI-A, plenty.

1. Cornucopia, horn of plenty.

1. All the productions common to the latitude (249) of Alabama, are
found in such abundance in that State, that a comtUiopia was
placed on the coat of arms.

86. CO'an.O, I cook. COC'TtIM, to cook.

1. Concoct, to devise. 2. Decoction, the act of boiling

anything to extract its vir-

1. In the war of 1812, Tecumseh went south to concoct a scheme^
for an incursion (103) into the frontiers (195) of Alabama and Georgia.

2. Whether tea should be prepared by infusion or decoction, ii
■till a disputed question. ^


87. COB, (COB'D-IS,) the heart

1. Concordance, an index of

words contained in the Bible.

2. Cordial, sincere.

3. Cordial, anything that glad*

dens the heart.

4. Cordiality, sincerity.

1. By referring to a CkyncardancCf it is easy to^nd any text (630)
of Scripture.

2. William was received in the most cardial manner by the Par-

3. The best cordiul, that Columbus could administer (299) to his
discouraged men, was the cry of *' Land ahead! ''

4. William of Orange was received with great cordi€Uity by the
people of England.

88. COB'KTr, a horn.
1. Cornet, a sort of trumpet.

1. When the immense concourse (103) were gathered together to
dedicate (116) the image (228), which Nebuchadnezzar had set up, a
herald was heard to iterate (237) the words, " At the sound (493) of the
cametf &c., ye fall down and worship."

_ 89. COBO'K-A, a crown.

1. Coronet, an inferior crown

worn by the nobility.
1. Coronation, the solemnity of

crowning a king.

1. The caroiiet worn by Becket at the coronation was resplen-
dent (500) with jewels.

2. Becket took refuge (197) in the sanctuary (458), supposing the
assassins would not dare to desecrate (458) the sacred place ; but even
here he fell a victim (573) to their insatiable (463) desire for vengeance
(674), and the coroner rendered a verdict (117) in accordance with
the facts.

2. Coroner, an officer to inquire
into the cause of violent

90. COBTUS, (COBTOB-IS.) abody.

4. Corporeal, not immateriaL

5. Corpulent, bulky.

6. Corpuscle, a minute body.

1. Corporal, the lowest officer

over a body of soldiers.

2. Corporate, united into one.

3. Corporation, a body politic.

1. '<A corporaPs guard** is an expression used to denote a small
body of soldiers; about the number which would accompany a cor^

2. When an association desire to become a corporate body, they
apply to the Legislature for a charter.

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8. In 1629, the king granted a charter to the PljJioath Colon j, and
the corporation receiTed the name of the **GoTemor and Company
of the llassachusetts Bay in New England.'* •

4. So sanetimonious (458) was Becket, when he became Archbishop,
that he appeared unconscious of the fact that he possessed a corpo*
recti nature.

5. Henry the Eighth, towards the close of his life, became Tery

6. On examining a corptude of blood, the aqueous part is found
to predominate (127) over the solid portion.

91. CBAS, to-morrow.

1. Procrastinate, to put off. | PROCRASTmATiON,deferriiig.(81.)
1. Lee intended to increase the guard, but, accustomed to defer (167)
and procrastinate, he neglected it, and thus became delinquent (268)
in duty, and suffered a long imprisonment.

92. CBE'B-O, I beUeve. CBEBTT-XnC, to beUeve.

1. Credence, belief.

2. Credit, trust.

3. Credible, worthy of belief.

3. Credentials, those things
which give title to belief.

4. Credulous, apt to believe.
4. Incredulity, slowness of be-
Incrediblb, not to be believed.

1. Arnold had appeared so conscientious (466) in the discharge of his
duty, and so energetic in the defence (165) of Danbury, that few could
give credence to the report (402) of his treason.

2. Such was the reputation (422) of Robert Morris, that, when Gov-
ernment credit was low, he could obtain on his own security (102) any
amount of money required.

8. It seemed scarcely credible, that one of the legation (252) to
France, although possessing the proper credentials, should not be
received, while his colleague (252) was accepted.

4. Credtllous people, owning lands in Virginia in 1609, gave up
everything for the purpose of digging gold ; and laughed at others for
their incredulity.

^ 93. CB£'-0, 1 create. CBEA'T-XTM, to create.

1. Creator, God, the maker of
ail things.

1. Creation, the act of bringing
into existence.

2. Recreations, amusements.

1. Bryden, in one of his poems, represents a sapient (461) deist (114)
acknowledging God as the creator, but denying that he has given
to man any revelation (55S) of the creation*

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2. Formerly, the higher classes in England devoted ft great deal of
time to recreatUynSf calculated to invigorate (572) the constitution.

94. CSe'^-O, I loa&d, I rattle. CBEFTT-UM, to found, to rattle.
1. DiscREPANCT, inconsistency. | 2. Decrepitude, feebleness.

1. There was a great discrepancy in the reports of the battle of
Stillwater, as given by Gates and Arnold.

2. The gradual (207) decay of the body, and the decrepitude which
years produce, is beautifully described by Shakespeare.

95. CBES'C-O, I grow. CB£'T-T7U, to grow.

1. Excrescence, something grow- I Increase, to augment. (57.)
ing out of another. |

1. A nutgall is an eoccrescence of the oak; a small quantity will
give a black tint (682).

96. CBI'lEEN, (CBIM'Ur-IS, a crime.

1. Recrimination, return of one 2. Hecriminats, to retort a
accusation with another. charge.

Criminal, an offender. (23.)

1. The constant quarrelling and recrimination of Mason and
the people of New Hampshire continued until 1C86, when Andross was
made Governor of all New England.

2. Commodore Barron's impulnve (373) nature led him, when charged
with cowardice, to recriminate, and from this, and subsequent (476)
events, there resulted a duel, in which Decatur received ts mortal (314)

97. CBTJ'D-TJS, unripe, cruel.

1. Crude, unripe.

1. Fruit, which is wholesome in its maturity (285), will produce tndi-
gestion (203), if taken when immature (285), or in a crude state.

3. Excruciate, to put to severe

98. CBTTX, (CBTJ'C-IS,) a crest.

1. Crucial, severe.

2. Excruciating, extremely pain-


1. To an ambitious man like Wolsey, the crucial trial was the
indignity (120) cast upon him personally (379).

2. The Covenanters of Scotland were subjected to the most excrtf*
dating torture, to extort (685) from them a denial of their faith.

8. The Indians seemed to exhaust (219) their powers of invention, in
devising meant to eoccructatla their isaptivev.

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99. CTT'B-O, or CUM'B-O, I lie down.

4. Encumbrance, a burden.
Succumb, sink under a difii-
culty. (3.)

1. Encumber, to oppress with a


2. Incumbent, resting upon.

3. Recumbent, lying.

1. The laws of England seemed designed to e»%CUmJber the colonies,
and provoke them to act on the defensive (165).

2. It is incUTnbent on every member of Congress (207), to legislate
(256) in such a manner, as shall tend to establish (486) the fundaniental
(201) principles of our Government; viz., justice to all.

8. The arrogant (447) Duke of Monmouth, after his defeat in 1685,
was glad to assume a recumbent position in a ditch, where he had
time to repent of his Resumption (512) and folly.

4. Those who contended in the Olympic Games, were careful to
practise the strictest temperance (519), and to lay aside every encuflp-
brance, that might impede their progress.

100. CTIL'P-A, a fault,

1. Exculpate, to clear from I 2. Culpable, blamable.
blame. |

1. St. Clair hoped to exculpate himself, in tne management of the
expedition, which resulted in such a disastrous defeat.

2. The seizure of Osceola, under a flag of truce, was considered a
most culpdble 2J\.^ fraudulent (193 j act.

101. CTJ'MTJL-O, I heap up.

1. Cumulative, piled up. | 2. Accumulate, to heap up.

1. As the evidence against Raleigh became more and more cumU'
UUivCy no doubt existed, that he would be convicted.

2. The desire of Henry VII. to €Uxyum/ulate wealth, led him to
undertake an enterprise (409), similar (482) to that of Columbus.

102. CTT'BA, care.

1. Procurement, the act of pro-


2. Curious, rare.

3. Proxy, agency of another.

4. Sinecure, a position which

gives income without em-

1. "^hQ procurement of a charter for Connecticut, from such a
volatile (581) and voluptuous (583) - monarch as Charles II., required
great toe/ (517). •

2. By & fortuitous (188) ^luumstance (48^), Winthrop had in his pos-
session a cU/Hovs ring, tne gift of Charles L The king at firs<

4. Curable, admitting of a

Accurate, exact. (7.)
Curate, a clergyman hired to

do duty for another. (41.)
Procure, to obtain. (29.'^
Security, assurance. (92.)

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ordered that the application (892) should receive a negative (328) answer,
but» at sight of the ring, he was induced to countermand (280) the
order (B51), and to grant the charter.

8. i he courtship of Charles IL haying been performed by p7*OXp,
it is not remarkable that he did not find his wife very congenial (204).

4. The position of Smith, as Governor gf Virginia, was no sine-
cure; and fearing that the contusion (546), from which he was suffer-
ing, would be no longer curiible, he returned to England.

103. CXnEt'B-O, I ran. Cim'S-TJM, to run.

7. Excursion, expedition.

8. Career, course.

9. Occurrence, event.
Concurrence, combination of

circumstances. (15.)
Concourse, assembly of per-
sons. (88.)
Incursion, invasion. (86.)

1. Current, passing.

1. Currency, money.

2. Precursor, forerunner.

3. Cursory, hasty.

4. Courier, a messenger sent in


5. Discourse, speech.

6. Recourse, application for help.
6. Succor, help in distress.

1. The debasing of the curr^it coins, or the counterfeiting of the
CU/rrency of a country, is a crime, punishable with imprisonment
and fine.

2. John, the precuraor of Christ, is thought by many to have
baptized by immersion (292).

8. On a ca/rsory examination, Columbus decided, that the land he
had discovered was the £ast Indies; it was impossible for him to
realize (441) the immense extent (520) of ocean, which lay between.

4. When the courier announced the surrender of Cornwallis, the
aged doorkeeper of Congress, though usually sedate (471) and dispose
sionate (868), was so excited, that he fell dead.

5. An extemporaneous (619) disayiirse is generally more discursive^
than one delivered from manuscript (282).

6. The ancient Britons suffered so dreadfully from iho predatory (408)
incursions of the Fict^ and Soots, that they had recourse to the
Consul of Gaul, whom they besought, in the most aiject (239) terms,
to send succor*

7. Queen Victoria has, for many years, made a summer excursion
to Balmoral;^ the salv^ity (457) of the climate, and the reverential
(562) affection of the people, make these visits very agreeable to the
royal family.

8. The career of Columbus is an excellent exemplification (148) of
the transitory (142) nature of worldly hopor.

9. The bursting of the Feace-maker, in 1844, was a most lamentable

* Pronoancdd i?aZ-mor'-al.


by Google


104. CTTB'V*TTS» crooked.

1 Incurvate, to bend.

1. Persons engaged in sedentary (471) occupations, should be careful
n)t to incurvate the spine, but to maintain (282) an erect posture.

105. CTJST-OS, (CTTSTO'D-IS,) a keeper.

1. Custody, imprisonment,

1. In 1605, a tremendous (589) excitement was produced in England,
by the discovery of a conspiracy (499) to destroy both houses of Par-
liament, by an explosion (389) of gunpowder. Guy Fawkes was taken
into (custody f and efforts were made to implicate (892) a peer of the

106. CTTT-IS, the skin.

1. Cutaneous, affecting the skin.

I. The Jews greatly dreaded the contagion (517) of cutaneiyus
diseases; they were, therefore, very careful not to inhale (218) the
breath of a leper, or to come in contact with one in any way.

107. DAH'N.TJM, harm, loss.

1. Indemnify, to reimburse. ^ I Condemn, to give sentence

I against. (63.)

1. The Spoliation Bill, paid by France in 1835, was intended to
indemnify the United States, for injury done to her commerce (293)
from 1794 to 1810.

108. DFB-EO, I owe. DEB'IT-TTM, to owe.

1. Debtor, the person who owes l 2. Debit, to charge with debt,
another. I

1. The object of bankrupt laws, in reference to the debtoVf should
be, to secure to the bankrupt (451) an absolute (491) release from his
obligation (260) to pay.

2. The king determined to debit John of Gaunt with the expenses
of the war in Castile.

109. DE'CEM, ten.

1. Decennial, happening every

ten years. *

2. Duodecimo, a book in which the

sheet is folded into 12 leaves.

Duodecimal,* reckoned by

* l^afb« leriYatitvs not f nierted nnder their roots, will b« ftmnd In Part I.

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1. The decenni€U enumeration of our populaticn, shows that the
desire of the immigrant (295) is generally to locate (268) himself in the
interior (235), rather than in the maritime (283) portions of the country.

2. Caxton, in the latter part of the fifteenth century, published
books of all sizes, from the cumbersome folio (186), to the d/uodeci
tnOf so convenient (659) to peruse (652).

110. DE'C£N-S, becoming. DE'COB, grace.

3. Decorate, to adorn.

4. Indecorum, impropriety of


1. DECENcr, propriety of con-


2. Decorum, propriety of man-


1. After the deposition (899) of Edward II., his treatment showed a
total want of kindness, or even decency p and a determination to kill
him by ill usage (552).

2. The attendants of Charles L acted in his presence, with the
greatest decorum.

8. To decorate St. Paurs, was the great delight of its architect,
Sir Christopher Wren.

4. Cromwell's daughters treated him with such disrespect and inde-
corum, as to hasten his death.

2. Dental, belonging to the


3. Indent, to cut into points or


m. 1)£NS, (DEN'T-IS,) a tooth.

1. Indenture, a mutual agree-

ment, a copy of which is
held by each party.

2, Dentist, one who operates

upon teeth.

1. In the reign of James I., the indenture of an apprentice, usually
contained an express stipulation, of the amount of servile (479) labor to
be performed, and the quantity (424) of beer to be drunk.

2. Formerly, the dentist and the barber were identical {22&) ; the
ability (215) to extract (588) a tooth, being the only dental knowledge

8. The power of water in motion to indent the land, is fully exem-
plified on the coast of Maine.

112. DEK'S-TXS, thick, close.

1. Condensation, compression. I 2. Condense, to compress.
1. Density, compactness. | Dense, compact. (71.)

1. The application of cold, to solidify (488) a fluid, usually produces
condensation $ but in the case of icC) the den)Sity\B ndt so great
as in wkter.

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2. In his writings, Milton was able to generdlixe (204), bat he had
no power to cofidense; consequently, his argumentatiye works art
frequently prolix and tedious.

113. DETE'BIOB, worse.

I. Deterioration, the state i f I Detbbiorate, to make worse,
having grown worse. | (80.)

1. The deterioration of Spain as a nation (824), is easily seen,
if we compare (SGI) its present and past condition as a nopol (826)

114. DE'-TJS, God.

Deity, the nature and essence | Deist, one who believes in Qod,
of God. (50.) I but denies revelation. (93.)

115. DEX'TEB, pertaining to the right hand.

1. Dexteritt, ezpertness. | 2. Dexterous, expert

1. The jugglers of India exhibit a dexterity, in every mancBttvn
(282), which is perfectly marvellous.

2. Alexander, by a dexterous movement, seized the bridle of
Bucephalus, and, by kind and gentle treatment, soon made him per-
fectly tractable (688).

116. DrC-0, 1 devote, I show. DICA'T-UM, to devote, to show.

. 1. Indicate, to show. I Dedicate, to consecrate. (88.)

2. Indication, token. . | Abdicate, to resign. (77.)

1. "Everything," says John Robinson, in his diary (118), "seems
to indicate that we must leave Holland."

2. It is impossible to surmount (310) the difficulties of our tocial (486)
position, which tend to demoralize (315) our children; every indicOr
tion of Providence points to America as our refuge.

U7. DrCO, I say. DIC'T-TTM, to say.

1. Diction, style.

2. Dictatorial, overbearing.

3. Contradiction, opposition.

4. Contradictory, in opposition^

9. Dictate, to give directions

9. Interdict, to prohibit.

10. Indite, to compose.

11. Dictator, a Koman magis*

5. Indict, to charge by formal • trate,

accusation. 12. Dictionary, a vocabulary.

6. Malediction, curse.

7. Edict, proclamation.

8. Predicable, capable of being


Predict, foretell. (I4.J
Verdict, decision. (89.)

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1. To acquire (428) a pure diction , read the works of the " Auga&-
tan Age " of English literature (267).

2. The disposition of Henry VIII. was irascible, and his manner

a. When an invalid, Henry VIII. was as fierce (160) as a lion, and
would not endure the slightest contradiction*

4. Catharine Parr, the last wife of Henry VIII., was generally able
to mollify (808). him ; but one day she gave him an answer, which
was contradictory to some of his opinions.

5. Enraged by what he considered the arrogance (447) of Catharine,
and incited by the insinuation (484) of Bishop Gardiner, that it was
derogatory (447) to the conjugal (242) relation, to allow such an act,
Henry ordered tbe Chancellor to indict ber,

6. The prudent (571) and eagacioua (454) Catharine, managed the
matter so adroitly, that the malice of the king was directed against
the Bishop, on whom he pronounced a bitter inalediction*

7. Every avocation (680) in France, suffered from the extensive mi-
gration, which took place, when Louis XIV. was induced to revoke (680)
the edict of Nantes.

8. "Thero^Mwrf% (448) of the earth,'* said Columbus, "isprcdi-
cable on three facts, obvious (570) to all ; deride (442) as you please,
but give me what is indispensable (374) to the undertaking, and I will
demonstrate (311) the truth of what I assert."

9. Innocent III. claimed the right to dictate in the election of a
Cardinal. King John refusing to obey,' the Pope determined to in-
terdict the exercise of all religious rites.

10. W. H. Prescott, notwithstanding his blindness, was able to in-
dite such erudite (449) works, as the History of Ferdinand and Isabella,
History of Mexico, &c. &c.

11. Sylla, the dictator, determined to liberate (257) 10,000 slaves,
and exempt (140) them from service to the state, that they might be
made subservient (479) to his own exaltation.

12. To learn how to use a word correctly, consult a good diction-
ary, such as Webster's or Worcester's Unabridged, which not only

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Online LibraryGrace G. MontgomeryModern auction: in ten lessons → online text (page 5 of 16)