Grace G. Montgomery.

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gives the meaning, but a sentence containing the word, as a model.

118. DI'-£S, a day.

1. Diurnal, daily. ^

2. Dial, face of a timepiece,
2. Meridian, noon.

3. Post-Meridian, (p.m.,) in the
Diary, a journal. (116.)

1. The diurnal rotation of the earth upon its axis, produces the
change of day and night. The revolution of the earth around the sun,
with the inclination of the axis, produces the divtrsiiy (565) of tern-

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Dignity, nobleness. (40.)
Indignity, insult. (98.)
Indignant, angry and disgasted.


2. At all places between the polar circles, in the same longitude (269),
the sun dial will indicate the meridian at the same inttant (485).

8. When it is six o'clock, ante-meridian, in Philadelphia, it is six
o'clock, post-^neridian, at our antipodes.

119. DIO'IT-TTS, a finger; a finger's breadth.

1. Digit, any one of the figures from 1 to 9.

1. Is the cipher to be considered a digit? No ; there are but nine


120. DIG'N-TTS, worthy.

1. Dignify, to advance to honor.

2. Condign, merited.

3. Deign, condescend.

4. Disdain, to contemn.

1. The Queen determined to dignify the architect of the Crystal
Palace, by making him a Baronet.

2. Immediately upon the arrest of Andr^, a conference (167) was held,
and it was decided, that condign punishment must be Tisited on all

8. Many, who would not deign to notice Columbus, except to
denounce (341) him, as a visionary (571) enthusiast, when he left Spain,
were willing to ennoble (334) him, on his return.

4. To disdain the poor, because of their poYerty, is to reflect (181)
dishonor on the Creator.

121. DILTT'VI-TJM, a deluge.

Antediluvians, those who lived before the flood. (2.)

122. DISCIP'TTL-TTS, a learner.

1. Discipline, training. | Disciple, a follower. (64.)

1. Parental (363) discipline was formerly so rigid (448), that a
child was not allowed to sit, in presence of the parent (863), without

123. DIT-TTS, a god; God.

1. Divination, foretelling.

2. Divine, of the essence and

nature of God.

3. Divine, a theologian.

Divinity, the science of divine
things. (38.)

1. He must be wise indeed, who can practise divination from the
sediment (471) of a coflfee-cup.

2. The idea of the existence of a divine being, seems to be innate
(324) in the human mind.


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8.* Dr. Biles, a celebrated divine of Boston, was noted for hiff
humor. In order to illuminate (276) the darkness of their streets,
the Selectmen of Boston had imported lamps from England, which,
according to the luiial (652) practice, they proceeded to suspend ('H74)
from the lamp-posts, by chains. There was, at this time, a religious
sect (469), called " New Lights." One of these, a matron (284), noted
for her iUiberality (257), had annoyea the doctor with her loquacity
(270) and inquisitive (428) disposition. Meeting this lady one day,
the following colloquy (2.10) took place: — "Madam, have you heard
the important (402) news ? " " News I What news ? " "I do not wish to
grieve (211) you," said the doctor; **but a number of 'New Lights*
arrived this morning, and the Selectmen have ordered them all to be
put in irons 1" "Doctor, are you certain of this?" "Madam," said
the doctor, with imperturbable (646) gravity (211), "I can testify (529)
to the truth of the statement, for I saw« one of them myself. But,
remember, this is entirely confidential (171)." "Certainly," said
madam; and, with an abrupt (451) "good-bye," the lady hurried off
to spread the intelligence.

124. DO, I give. DA'T-TTM, to give.

Condition, state. (3.)
Donation, gift. (26.)

1. Render, to furnish.

2. Donate, to give.

3. Donor, giver.

1. When the French Government was unwilling to render any aid,
Lafayette offered his services to the American cause.

2. Congress, grateful (210) for this generous (204) conduct, deter-
mined to donate to him a large tract of land.

8. The city of Philadelphia is greatly indebted to Franklin, who
was the donor of a large collection of books, the nucleus of the
Philadelphia Library (258).

126. D0'C-£0, 1 teach. DOCT-UM, to teach.

1. Docility, teachableness.

2. Doctrine, that which


3. Docile, teachable.

Doctor, one who has received a
diploma from a University or
College, authorizing him to
practise and teach. (38.)

Document, a paper containing
evidence. (3.)

* Wh«n scholars are required to combine a single word, which is contained in a long
paragraph, they should endeavor to make a clear, distinct statement (containing the
word), similar to the model given; thus, suppose the word is ^ccKloquy.^ Dr. Biloa,
meeting a very loquaelous lady, a witty eolloquy took place. Or, suppose the
word to be "tmperfur6a62e";— Dr. Biles could preserve the most Imperturbable
gravity, while saying tiie ftinniest things.

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1. Many touching scenes are described in the domettic (129) life of
Charles I. His most inveterate (569) enemy longed to condole (120)
with him, in the ffrief (211) occasioned by the death of his little daugh-
ter, whose docility and ingenuousness (204) had won the love of all
who knew her.

2. Many Pagans admit the doctrine, that a part of man is im-
mortal (314), even though they believe in the annihilation (3>31) of tho

3. A docUe disposition in infancy (158) and youth, is the best indi-
. cation of a learned old age.

126. DO'LE-O, I grieve; I am in paixL

Condole, to sympathize with the
grief of another. (125.)

127. DOH'IK-TTS» a master; a lord.

Doleful, sorrowful. (50.)

1, Dominion, sovereign power.
1. Dominant, governing.
Domination, tyranny. (47.)

Domineer, to rule with inso-
lence. (14.)

Predominate, to prevail over.

1. When the Colonies determined to throw off the dominion of
Great Britain, the dominant power in Boston, held Tory principles.

128. DO'H-0, 1 subdue, I tame. DOH'IT-TTtf, to subdue, to tame.
Indomitable, not to be subdued. (53.)

129. DO'M-TJS, a house, a home.

Domestic, belonging to the
family. (125.)

1. Domesticate, to accustom to

the residence of man.

2. Domicile, mansion.

1. A man found a serpent in a dormant (130) or torpid (684) state,
and took it home, intending to domesticate it; but he soon had
reason to rq}ent (376) of his folly.

♦ 2. Having indubitable (132) proof, that the king was implacable (386),
Wolsey resigned his splendid (500) domicHe, and, disconsolate (489)
and defected (2S9), sought the hospitality (223) of Leicester Abbey,
where he died.

130. DOB'M-IO, I sleep. DOBHI'T-TrM, to sleep.

Dormant, insensible. (129.) | Dormitort, a sleeping-room. (54).

131. DOB'SUH the back.

1. Endorse, to write one's name on the back of a paper.

1. To transfer (167) a promissory (305) note, it is necessary for tht
one in whose favor it is Irawn, to endorse it.

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132. DTJ'BI-TJS, doubtfol.

Dubious, uncertain. (57.) I Indubitable, not to be doubted.

I (129.)

133. DTT'C-0, 1 lead. DTJC'T-TnH, to lead.

Educate, to bring up. (68.)
Induce, to persuade by present:

ing motives. (3.)
Introductory, preliminary. (39.)
Produce, to bear. (15.)
Reduce, to bring down. (80.)

1. Ductile, capable of being

drawn into a wire.

2. Conduit, a water-pipe.

3. Conduce, tend.

4. Adduce, to bring forward,
4. Deduce, infer.

Conduct, behavior. (3.)

1. The ductile quality of gold, enables the artificer to attenuate
(523) it in a most remarkable degree.

2. A conduit f intended to tupply (391) Jerusalem with water, was
made impervioua (670), by a cement, known only to the ancients.

3. Public schools conduce to morality (315), when scholars are
taught, that it is dishonest (221) to injure property, belonging to the

4. AVe are accustomed to adduce the tax upon tea, as the caase
of the Revolution, but there were many other acts of cppretstofi (410),
from which we can deduce the righteousness of the war.

134. DTJ'-O, two.

Duplicity, deception. (53.)

1. Duplicate, twofold.

Duel, a combat between two.

1. Duplicate copies of letters had 'o be written by manual (282)
labor, until a machine was invented (559), which saves this labcriou§
(246) operation (849).

Endurb, to bear. (68.)
Obdurate, stubborn. (52.)

135. DTJ'R-TTS, hard.

1. Durable, lasting.

2. Duration, continuance.

3. Obduracy, hardness of heart.

1. So durable are some kinds of wood, that there are stone bridges
in a state of dilapidation (248), while the wooden piles, on which they
rest, are in a good state of preservation (479).

2. Who can comprehend (409) the duration of Eternity? Or even
the infinite (176) distance that exists between us and the nearest con*
itellation? (502).

3. Such was the obduracy exhibited by Ravaillac, the murderer
of **Good King Henry," that, when the Court sentenced (473) him to

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be torn limb from limb, by four horses, the populaoe sent up a Bhoat
of applause (389), and witnessed his contortions (685), without the
slightest desire to mitigate (804) his sufferings.

136. EB'BI-TTS, dnmkexL

1. Inebriate, an habitual drunk- I Sobriety, freedom from intoxi*
ard. (36.) | cation. (57.)

1. A home for the inebriate, in which he will have no temptatior
(522) to intemperance (519), is one of the noble (384) charities of the age.

137. iE^D-£S, a house ; a building.

1. Edify, to build up in knowl- | Edifice, a building. (47.)
edge. I

1. The study of history, whether ^ro/anc (157) or sacred, tends to
edify and enlarge the mind.

138. E^D-0,Ieat.

1. Edible, eatable.

1. "What articles are edible?'' inquires (428) the naturalist (824).
"Rats and birds'-nests," says the Chinaman. "Frogs," says the
Frenchman. " Rancid oil," says the Esquimaux. "Old cheese," saya
the Englishman. Yet all these are disgusting (214) to persons not
accustomed to them.

139. EGO, I.

1. Egotism, talking much of one's I Egotistical,* self-conceited,
self. I

1. In the first person, the plural tre'is often used, for the singular i^
by editors, reviewers, governors, &c., to avoid the appearance of

140. E'M-0, 1 buy. EMPT-TIM, to buy.

1. Exemption, freedom from that I 3. Redeem, to ransom.

to which others are subject. 3. Redemption, ransom.

2. Peremptory, decisive. | Exempt, to release. (117.)

1. Only two (Enoch and Elijah) of the human race, ht^ve had eSD-
eruption from mortality (814).

2. The command to General Scott, to proceed to Mexico, was bo
peremptory f that delay was impossible.

• llie sentence given to show tlie use ot**egotitm,** would, with a slight change, s^ow
the use of '^egotistical;^ thu8:~**To avoid appearing egotistical." Scholars cao
frequently dfrlve the usr of one part of speech, from the model, which is given for

6* E

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6. Sedition, insurrection.

7. Transition, change.
Ambition, desire for advance-
ment. (57.)

Transitory, passing quickly
away. (103.)


8. Richard, the <*Lion-Hearted," was held in such high esteem, th&t
the English gladly melted the silver, in the churches ana monasteries,
to obtain the sum necessary to redeem him, (or, " for his redemp^


141. JEOfTTL-TTS, a rival.

1. Emulation, rivalry. | 2. Emulate, strive to equal.

1. ^he pleasure (386) aflForded by the possession of knowledge, ought
to produce sufficient etntUatiotl among scholars ; and the expediency
(380) of oflfering any other inducement, is much disputed by writers
on the subject.

2. The youth of America should emtUate the noble character of
Lincoln, in integrity (234), honesty (221), and self-jocr^cfl (162).

142. E'-O, I go. I'T-TTH, to go.

1. Ambient, floating on all sides.

2. Exit,. departure.

3. Initial, placed at the begin-


4. Initiate, to introduce.
4. Initiation,* introduction.
6. Obituary, relating to the de-
cease of a person.

1. It is related of Constantino, that a flaming cross appeared (362) to
him in the heavens, and that, through the ambient air, there came
a voice, saying, **By this^ conquer."

2. The exit of some of the Royal Governors from the Colonies, was
marked by acts, calculated to inflame (180) the minds of the people.

3. When a word begins with two consonants, the sounds of which
will not coalesce, the initial consonant (493) is silent ; as, knife.

4. The ancient alchemists, before consenting to initiate* a novice
>into the mysteries of their craft, required him to make a solemn

asseveration (480), never to divulge (687) its secrets.

6. The obituary notices of Lord Brougham,f in 1839, were so
laudatory (261), that some thought he originated (352) the false report
of his own death, in order to see what contemporary (619) writers
would say of liim.

6. William Penn was known to correspond (601) with James II., and,
consequently, was accused ot.sedition. "^

7. If no translucent (276) atmosphere surrounded the earth, the
transition from darkness to light, would be so sudden, as to blind

• Or:— "before oonsenting to the Initiation of a norice " Ac
t Brougham, pronounced hroaf-amt or brof/nu

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143. E'QTT-irS, a horse.

1. Equestrian, pertaining to I 2. Equipage, attendance retinue
horsemanship. |

1. ^gieesfrian exercises axe promotive (316) of health and vivacity
(579), and are invaluable (655) for those who are convalescent (555).

2. In 1832, a handsome equipage was provided, and Black Hawk,
with other chiefs, was conducted through some of the principal cities
of the United States. The naturally taciturn (516) character of the
Indian race, prevented any expression of opinion (347) ; but it was
evident (571), that they felt it useless to contend longer with such a
powerful Government.

144. JE^aU-trs, eqnal, Just

6. Equivocate, to use words in a

deceptive manner.

7. Iniquity, wickedness.

8. Equalize, to make alike in

amount or degree.

1. Adequate, equal to.

2. Equation, an expression of

equality between quantities.

3. Equilibrium, equal force.

4. Equity, justice.

5. Equivalent, that which is of

equal value.

1. In 1779, Prevost threatened Charleston; although Lincoln* s force
was not adequate to the emergency, yet he hastened to its relief.

2. An eqtuition is not altered, if jow perform (187) the same opera-
lion on both sides ; as, 6 -(- 2 = 2-1- 4 4- 2 ; take away 2 from both sideSi
and we have 6 = 2 + 4.

8. The cultivation of the intellect (253), tends to preserve the equlr
librium of the mental and physical powers.

4. *< The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity ^
arising under this Constitution."

5. William Penn determined to take nothing from the Indians, with-
out returning an equivalent.

6. Nathan Hale was able to penetrate (377) into the very heart of the
British camp, but, on his return, was apprehended (409), and carried
before the Provost. Scorning to equivocate. Hale, when asked^
** Are you a spy ?" simply gave an affirmative (177) answer.

7. The iniquity of the massacre of Wyoming, in 1778, has made
the name of Col. John Butler, infamous (154).

8. Congress has made an effort to equalize the bounties paid tc
the soldiers.

145. EB'B-0, 1 wander. EBSAT-XnH, to wander.
1. Erratic, deviating fr^m the I 2. Erroneous, incorrect,
usual way. | 3. Aberration, a wandering.

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1. The erreUic course of George III., greatly gurprised the nation,
until it was known that all the pretnonitory (309) symptoms cf insanity
(460) had appeared.

2. Until Columbus proved it to be erroneauSf the opinion was
prevalent (555), that the earth was a level plain.

3. Aberration of mind, was formerly attributed to lunar (274)
influences, and was, therefore, called lunacy (274).

146. iE^STHC-O, I value.

1. Estimate, to compute. I 3. Inestimable, above all price.

2. Estimable, worthy of esteem. | Estimation, opinion. (5o.)

1. It is hardly possible to estimate^ properly, the value of the
territory acquired by the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo.

2. The estimable character of Rose Standish, consort (494) of
Miles Standish, made her generally beloved in the Plymouth Colony.

3. The inestimable ** right to a speedy and public (400) trial, by
an impartial jury (243) of the State and district wherein the crime
shall have been committed," is a right belonging to the people, as
individuals (571), and not delegated (252) by them to the National or
State Government.

Longevity, uncommonly long
duration of life. (2.)

147. iS^V TTH, an age.

1. Coeval, existing at the same


2. Primeval, primitive.

1. If, in a stratum (503) oi granite (209), we find the bones of a quad-
rvped (380), or biped (SSO)j it is fair to infer (167), that those animals
were coeval with the rocks.

2. Milton gives, in "Paradise Lost," a vivid (bl^) description of the
earth in its primeval state.

148. EXEMTL-TJM, a pattern.

1. Exemplify, to illustrate by Exemplary, worthy of imitation.

example. ^28.)

2. Exemplar, a model to be imi- Exemplification, illustration.

tated.. ^ (103.)

3. Sample, specimen. Unexampled, without precedent.
Example, pattern. (57.) (58.)

1. The proficiency (152) which Milton exhibited at College, served
to exemplify the principle, that "Attention is the secret of

2. The munificent charities of Mr. Peabody, and his noble charao
t }r, make him worthy to be held up as an exemplar.

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8. When, in 1791, a sample of anthracite coal was brotight from
the mines, people treated with derision (442) the idea, that it was tn-
fiammable (180).

149. EX'TEB-TTS, outer, foreign.

1 Exterior, the outer part.
1. External, outward..

3. Extraneous, not belonging to
a thing.

4. "ExTREHiTT, the utmost point.

1. The first view (671) of the exterior of St. Peter's, usually dis-
appoints the spectator.

2. The Supreme (518) Being judges not by the extemtii appear-
ance, nor by the stature (485), nor by the countenance (521), but by the

8. As there was no surgeon, able to probe (414) the wound of Smith,
and remove any extraneous matter, he was obliged, in 1609, to
seek medical (286) aid in England.

4. During the famine (155), which followed the departure of Smith,
the colonists were reduced to such extremity y that they devoured
(585) not only the bodies, but also the skins, of horses.

150. FAB'BIC-0, 1 make or frame.

1. Fabric, manufactured cloth. | 2. Fabricate, to manufacture.

1. For the beautiful fahric, called silk, whose soft and pliable
texture (680) makes it so -suitable for articles of clothing, we are in-
debted to a little worm.

2. The object of a tariff, is to induce the inhabitants of a country to
fahriccute everything they use (662).

151. FA'CI-ES,a&C6.

1. Deface, to disfigure. i 2. Face, countenance.

2. Efface, expunge. |

1. To deface a building, or its enclosure, by scrihhling (467) upon
it, drawing* any ^^^ure (175), or by whittling, is a vulgarism (h^^)^ of
which no person, having the slightest j^re^eTmon (620) to ^e7i<t7% (204),
would be guilty.

2. A young man, having been guilty of some immoral (815) act,
Washington deemed it his duty to remonstrate (311) with him : when the
youth, greatly incensed, actually spit in his face. With the most
perfect (152) equanimity, Washington wiped it off, saying, "Young
man , I wish you could efface the guilt from your soul, as easily as I
can iripe this insult (456) from mj face*"

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152. FA'CI-0, 1 do or make. FACT-UM, to do or make.

Affection, love. (4.)
Counterfeit, forgery. (18.)
Defection, the act of abandon'
ing a cause to wh5ch one ii
bound by duty. (25.)
, Facilitate, to make easy. (71.)
•Facility, dexterity. (18.)
Manufacture, fabrication. (25.)
Perfect, complete. (151.)
Proficienct, advance in the ac-
quisition of knowledge. (148.)
Sacrifice, devotion. (141.)
Sufficient, adequate. (3.)

1. Faction, a party opposed to
the Government.

1. Effected, produced.

2. Affectation, artificial ap-


3. Efficacious, accomplishing

the object.

4. Officiate, perform the duties

of the office.
6. Infect, taint with disease.

6. Surfeited, ate to satiety.

7. Difficulties, embarrassments.

8. Defective, deficient.

9. Pontiff, the pope.

1. In 1645, a faction, headed by Clayborne, caused much dUturh*
ance (546) in Maryland. Clayborne effected his purpose, by defama.*
tory (154) charges against Calvert, and by representing (511) himself as
the astertor (477) of the rights of the settlers.

2. When Pocahontas was in England, her simplicity, and freedom
from affectation f won the love of all. ^

3. When a person has swallowed poison, the most efficacious
remedy (286) at hand, is tisually (652) the white, of an egg, which neutral'
izes (380) the poison ; or mustard, in warm water, to produce nausea.

4. If the President and Vice-President are both disqualified (423) to
perform the duties of the office, then the presiding officer of the Senate
shall act as President ; and if he is unable, then the Speaker of the
House shall officiate*

5. Travellers coming from a distance, are frequently obliged to sub-
mit to quarantine (426), lest they should infect the city.

6. Alexander, the Conqueror of the world, having surfeited him-
self, died, a glutton (206) and a drunkard.

7. Arnold's pecuniary (372) diffi^CtUties led him to peculate (372)
the public funds, and to defraud (193) the Government of enormotu
(333) sums.

8. So defective were the Articles of Confederation, that they gave
Congress no power to tax the people, or provide for the expenses of
the Government.

9. When the Roman JPontiff refused to sanction the divorce of
Catharine of Arragon, Henry called a parliament, which declared the
King's supremacy (513) in England.

163. FALlrO, I deceive. FAL'8-UM, to deceive.

1. Fallible, liable to err. I Fallacious, deceitful. (84.J

2. Falsify violate. I Fallact, deceitfolness. (40.)

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1. The penUentiary (S76, constructed (507) in every arge tommu-
nity, proves that man is foMible*

2. Whether Mr. Erskine really did falsify the instructicn of his
Government, in 1809, we know not; but the refusal of the British
GovernmeDt to repeal the injurious decrees, was an act which gave
great umbrage (548) to the American people.

154. FAIH-A, &me.

1. Famous, renowned.
1. Defame, to injure one's repu-
tation malicioifsly.

Defamatory, slanderous. (152.)
Infamous, detestable. (144.)
Infamy, public reproach. (40.)

1. After the surrender of Burgoyne, which rendered Gates so
famotis, the most persistent attempts were made to defame Wash-

156. FA'M-ES, hunger.
1. Famish, to die of hunger. | Famine, scarcity of food. (149.)

1. After the battle of Flatbush, in 1776, General Woodhull was
allowed to fafnish in a British prison.

156. FAMIL'I-A, a famUy.

1. Familiarity, intimate ac- 2. Familiarize, to make well
quaintance. known by converse.

Familiar, acquainted. (76.)

1. Sumpter's familiarity with the whole of South Carolina, en-
abled him, in 1780, to defeat Irwin at Hanging Bock, Wemyss at Broad
River, and Tarleton at Blackstock.

2. It is easy to familiarize one's self to scenes of distress and

157. ]^A'N-TrM» a temple.

1. Profane, to desecrate. I Fanatic, enthusiastic. r57.)

I Profane, secular. (137.)

1. A man's hand, tracing unknown characters on the wall, might
well terrify (528) a monarch, who had dared to profane the vessels
of the sanctuary, by using them in a convivial (579) assembly.

158. FA'-RI, to be spoken. FAI-TTS, spoken.

1. Fatal, mortal.

2. Preface, introduction.

3. Prefatory, introductory.

Affability, kindness of manner

in conversation. (40.)
Infancy, childhood. (125.)

1. At the taking of Quebec, by the English, in 1759, Wolfe and Mont-
oalm received /afoJ wounds.

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2. Bunyan, in the work which alone was sufficient to immortalize
(814) his name, says, in his jyref ace, that, in answer to the query (428),
"Shall I print (410) my book," —

** Some said,* John, print it' Others said, * Not bo.'
gome said, * It might do ^ood.' Others said, * No 1 ' "

8. In 1766, while the Virginia Legislature were discussing the Stamp
Act, Patrick Henry rose to speak. After some prefatory remarks,
scarcely relevant (266) to the subject, he suddenly poured forth a tor-

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Online LibraryGrace G. MontgomeryModern auction: in ten lessons → online text (page 6 of 16)