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284


Other cereals—








(«)


White maize ... ... ... ;..


7


60


7 50J


W


Not specially mentioned (including
dried piflse)


I


15


1 16



As regards Tariff B (duties on importation into Rnseia) the
following statement shows the reduetione of the BoAsiaa CostoDs
duties resulting from the conclusion ^f the present Trea^. l%soe
reduced duties will be appiioable to- the prodtiets of the United

Kingdom when the Treaty pomes into force r^^-^

' ■ '^ "^ — ' ■' • ' • ■' ' — » f '■- i ■

* In accordance with the Final Protoool tothe Iref^y t^ duty is4o be icdaeed
to 16 lire per 100 kilogs. from the 1st January, 1911.

t OonTcntionalised by the Italian Treaty with Roumania also.

X OonTcntionalised by the Italian Treaty with Servia also.



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Dec. 26, i«er.]



am TMJom .ramurAiN ;



6i5i



Ttmjf Changs^ and €i$dams Re^ulatiam.



RUSmA-lVAlLY^c<mtinUcd^



,


^ ArUcles, .^ '-


Rate of Duty.


No. in

Rosflfazi

Tftriff.


In Customs
Tkriflof 1st
March, 190<$.


Fixfdby
the Treaty.


^6
^;9l80


Fruits end berriea—

(2) Oranges, lemons, and bitter

oranges, fresh

Silk-

(4) Raw silk

Silk,' twisted and spun —

(1) Saw silk twisted (oTganzine,
tram)—

(a) Unboiled, unbleached, undyed

(b) Boiled, bleached, or dyed ...


Rbls. cop.
gross j '
Poud 10 \00*

. ■

„ «7 00*
„ V> 00*


Rbls. oop.
gross)
Pood , 8 00

„ 66 00
„ B8 00



* Thte rates of duty have been suspended at the request of the Italian
Goremment, the rites under the former Russian Tariff being temp<muiiy main-
tained in f oTCe, viz. : — . «

Roubles.

RawsUk Poud 3 00

Silk twisted or thrown —

Undyed ..^ .« : „ . 60 00

Dyed „ 84 00

The Russian import duties on certain articles not covered by the
Commercial Treaties which Bussia has concluded with other
countries are ** couventionalised " by the present Treaty, and these
duties will, consequently, not be raised so long as it remains in
force. The following statement shows the articles in question and
the stipulated duties thereon : —







<<Oeneial*' Bates


No. in
Russian


Articles.


of Duty
conventionalised


Tariff.




by the
present Treaty.


^M


Stone, rough or rough dressed —
JSw 6.— All kinds of marble building alabaster,


Rbls. cop.




serpentine stone, with or without sawn or groond,
but no^ with polished, surfaces—
(a) In blocks^ lumps or slabs* of a thickness

exceeding 3^ vershoks ...

(P) In sGttiir of a tfiidkniKs of 3^ veHhob or
iess*&.' •*• t.« ... •, r*. •«• •«.


Pood 18
« «0






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616



THB BOASD or TRADE JOUXNAL.



[Dee. 96, 1907.



TaHf Changes and CuOams ReguUOhm.



RUSBlA-lTAUY-eonHnMed.



No. in

Russian

Tariff.



Articles.



-KarTO



Exin



JeLrl34



Stones of eTery kind (except semi-precious or precioos),
lUso plaster of Paris and alabaster, wrought —

1. In articles sculptured, carved or tamed,
polished or not —

(a) Weighing 8 ponds or less each

{h) Weighing more than 3 ^uds each

2. Bough stone-mason's work, without chiselled or
sculptured embellishments (with or without
rounded surfaces), in marble, serpentine,
alabaster, and other hard rock susceptible of
taking a polish, 0.^., jasper, onyx, Labrador,
granite, gneiss, pcnphyry, and basalt —

(a) With all or part of the surfaces polished
Vegetable oils and unrefined glycerine —
1. Fatty oils (olive, laurel, cottonseed, lcc.)t except
those separately designated ; " olifa " (boiled oil,

siccative oil)

Tanning materials—
JSm 1. — Sumac, even triturated or ground



» General' Bates

of Duty
conventionalisetl

by the
present Treatj.



Rblr.cliu



Pood S (¥)
S 00



1 sa

S 30t



t In accordance with the Final Protoeol to the Treaty, this duty ia to be reduced
to 3 roubles 10 copecks per poud from the Ist Janmry, 1911.

The Treaty (which will supersede the Treaty between Italy and
Russia of the 16th/28th September, 1863) is to come into force
one month after the exchange of ratifications, and is to remain in
operation until the ISth/Slst December, 1917, and, if not denounced
one year before that date^ until one year after denunciation by
either Contracting Party.

FRENCH INDO-CHINA.

The Board of Trade are in receipt, through the Foreign Office, of a

ImDOit Dntv on ^^^ ^^ * French Presidential Decree, dated SOtb

^^dnea tm ^e ^^^^"^'^^ ^^» reducing the duty on complete

Eztraetion of

Oold.



maohines for the extraction of gold, put together
or in pieces (not including the motors) imported,
into Indo-China from foreign countries, to
8 francs per. 100 kilogs net (3s. 3d, per cwt.)



^ PORTUGAL-MOZAMBIQUE.

The Board of I'rade are in receipt^ through the Colonial Office, of
iMiinfAetioii f ^ ^P^ ^^ ^® regulations in force in Mosam-
iSnrtS biqu© respecting the importation of aecond-

importea ^^^^^ dothing. These r^ulations are as



SeeoBd^Hand
ClotUag.



follows:
1. In



oonformity with the proTiskms of



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Dec. 2S, 1907.] THB BOABD OF TEADB JOUBNJlL. 617

.Tdri-ff Changes and Ctuiams Refftdalions,

Articles 67 and 68 of the Maritime Sanitary Begolations, second-
hand clothing imported into the Province is regarded as suspected
merchandise, and is therefore disinfected in accordance with
Article 71 of the same regulations.

2. Disinfection is also carried out in the case of second-hand
clothing moved from one place to another in the Province or to
a place outside the Province, or consigned to any Portuguese
Port or to the British South African Colonies.

3. The disinfection of consignments of second-hand clothing is
dispensed with in cases where they have been disinfected at the
port of shipment in accordance with Articles 51 and 164 of the
Maritime Sanitary Regulations.

4/ l^he sanitary treatment of the soiled clothing of passengers is
similarly regulated by the provisions of the Regulations referre^l to.

ROUHANIA.

The Board of Trade have received copies of recent Circulars issued

Cnfltoms ^y ^® Director-General of the Roumanian

Baeiii m. Customs, notifying the following decisions

^ affecting the application of the Roumanian

Tariff:—

Meiahfor recasting. — Metals, ev&ii if tliey have been, cast, in the
form of lumps or blocks intended for re-casting, are dutiable under
No. 583 of the Tariff at the rate of 50 bani per 100 kilogrammes
{4». OJd. per ton).

CeHificatee ofofiginfor imported^ sardines, — Sardines ih hermeti-
cally sealed tins must be accompanied by a certificate of origin in
order that they may, if the produce of countries having a com-
mercial convention with Roumania, be assessed at the conventional
rate of duty. These certificates should be issued by the exporting
Customs office in the country of origin, or a magistrate at the place
of export, or the Roumanian Consul at that place, and should show
the number and kind of packages, their numbers and marks, the
nature and weight of the goods, the place of their manufacture and
the name of the exporter. Only consignments accompanied by
such certificate taiay benefit by the conventional tariff.

In the case of sardines arriving from a free port or other entrep6t
in countries having conventions with Roumania, the conventional
tariff may only be applied on presentation of the certificate referred
to above, or another certificate from the local Customs or Chamber

of Commerce, showing the place of manu&cture.

■ - .. - ■■.-

TURKEY.

The Board of Trade are in receipt, through the Foreign Office,

ProhihitioiL of ^^ telegraphic information to the effect that

-v««..*4. # wi? ♦ *^® exportation of wheat from Alexandretta

flScLSr and Suidelih has been prohibited; fifteen

PmS^^ days' grace being allowed in the case of con-

rorn. tracts already entered into.

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Tamwaumfnf^smAsmnpnauM.. [Be^ suitor.
Tariff Ctamges and Omstonu Re^uUModt.

UNlTieD SPATES OP AMBRIOA.

QoastioxvK hftviiig arisen as to the ^plicesbility of the term '' Ja?a

lAlMlliiiff of Coffee" to coffee prodaced in the Netherlands

n^i^ljb^Tw.*-.!. IJ^dies, a recent Fpod Inspection Decision

St iS (^^ ^^) ^^ ^^ ^°^*^ ^^^^ Department of
' Agriculture suggests that a proi>er method of
labelling coffee from the Dutch East Indies with a view to com-
ptiaace with the provisions of the United States Food and Drugs
Act would be to call all coffee coming from the island of Java
** Java Coffee," that from the Padang districts " Padang Coffifte,"
that from the Celebes " Celebes Coffee," from Sumatra " Sumatra
CoffiBe," and all other sorts from the Netherlands Indies *' Dutch
East Indies Coffee."



CHILE.

With reference to the notice which appeared at p. 560 of the

- .^^.. - " Board of Trade Journal" for the 19th S^p-

j^i^^l^^\j^ tember last, on the subject of a BiU then befDre

Cat^ and Forth ^® Chilian Legislature, proposing to suspend

M^/Reduc^n *^® Customs duties on imported cattle and to

of ^ties on authorise the reduction (by not more than 50

certain Teztilsi ^^ cent.) of the duties on linen and wooU«i

OTues, textiles, corrugated galvanised iron, boots and

shoes, sugar, and portable houses, tlie Board of

Trade are now in receipt, through the Foreign Office, of t^^^phic

information to the effect that t£e measure has been enacted by the

Congress and promulgated. The reduction of duties reforredto

above is to be effected within a period of six months.



BRAZIL.

The Board of Trade are in receipt, through the Foreign Office, of a
Berolations re- ^^^^ ^^ ^ despatch from H.M. Minister at Ko

snsc^^ImiMrted ^® Janeiro, forwarding the following inform*-
PoSproducts ^^^^ respecting food and beverage preservatives,
ftnd B«vArfto>Ai ^.» the use of which is condemned by Brazilian
i»«v«ragei. Legislation :—

Wines, lard, and all other alimentary products condemned by
the National Laboratory will be. destroyed^ and a fine of 500
milreis (about 31 Z. 5«.) will be imposed on the importers.

Wines and alimentary produ^cts are considered Jiarmftil to public
health, and condemned, when ihey contain boric or salicylic acid,
inferior alcphol, Iiee mineral acids — ^sulphuric, sulphurous, nitrie or
hydrochloric— sulphites^ aluHi, silkaline fluprates and^uorsilicates,



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J>fiii. a0, im} TBS JHUBBw^F JeEAOBCflmZB^^IIi.V 619

Tariff Changm and Cudonu BtgtdaiianM*

saccharine, salts of strontium, lead, zinc, tin, arsenic, antimonj,
snlpliate bf potash, to the eztrat of 2 grammes per litre of wine
(except in tibe case of wines of an alcohdic strength exceeding 20
degrees, for which the limit is 4 grammes per litre) ; in beers : hop
substitutes such as absinthe, bitter quassia, colchicum, picrotorina,
oolocynth, nux-vomica, picric acid, aloes, and essences prepared
with fatty ethers, colouring matters derived from coal tar or with
basis of lead, mercury, copper, arsenic, antimony, barium or any
other substance which is or may in future be recognised as harmful
to health.

In any case, the importation of artificial wines is prohibited,
even when they do not contain harmful substances, and they will
be destroyed if not re-exported within a period to be fixed by the
Customs inspector.

Cognacs, whiskies, rums, gins, and other imported alcoholic
beverages, natural or imitation, will be condemned as harmful
to health when they contain more than three grammes (in round
numbers) of poisonous impurities, aldehydes, fatty ethers, fwrfarol^
superior alcohol, acetic acid, &c., per 1,000 grammes of alcohol at
100^, or 1*50 grammes of the same per 1,000 grammes of alcohol
at 50^.

The importation of alcoholic beverages containing absinthe or
any other harmful essences is prohibited by the Budget Law dated
30th December, 1905.



SHIPPING AND TRANSPORT.
NORWAY.

fl.M. Consul at Christiania (Mr.. F. E. Drummond-Hay) reports
that the Gulsvik-Voss section of the Bergen
Bergen Railway. Bail way was to be opened for traflSc: on the
16th December. The remaining section of the
continuous line from Christiania to Bergen, viz., the. 6ulsvik-Boa
line wiU scarcely be completed before 1910» Until then the traffic
will be conducted via Drammen, causing a journey in a steamer
on the Lake Kroderen in sunmier and a drive of 43 kilometres on
the road east of the lake during the winter months.



NETHERLANDa



H.M. Consul at Amsterdam (Mr. W. A. Churchill) reports that the

V a T< 4. Netherlands Oovemment have agreed to advance

a f^\ 1 "300,000 guilders (about 25,000/.) a year for five

South America. ^^^^ 200,000 guilders (about 16,666Z.) a year

for the following five years, and 100,000 guilders (about 8,3332.)



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G20 THE BOASD OF TEADE JOtJBKAlM > [Dec. SB, 1907.

'^ 'Skipping and TramparL

A year fbrra third period of five ye^rs to the National Stoomboot
Maatschappijof Amsterdam, to enable them to establish a steam-
ship line from Amsterdam and Rotterdam to Rio de. Janeiro,
Santos, and Buenos Ayres and back. The steamers are to be built
as far as possible in Holland, are to have accommodation for first-
class and steerage passengers, and must meet with the approval of
the Minister of Commerce. The service is to consist of 20
complete voyages during the first year.



SPAIN.

The Acting British Consul at Bilbao (Mr. J. Innes) reports that at

P OBOsed Railwar ^ P^^'^^ meeting held there on 30th November,

LLr^Mt nni..« ^ ^^ unanimously decided to form an associa-

^mTLSSl^ tion to study the legal, technical and

commercial aspects of the project for a direct

railway between Bilbao and Madrid. It is understood that the

intention is to study frojn a legal point of viev7 any concessions

already granted, their feasibility from a technical standpoint, such

alterations or modifications as may be found advisable and the

commerdal prospects of the line. Should all these points be found

satisfactory a Company is to be formed which would either

purchase existing concessions and work alone, amalgamate if

possible wdth the said concessionaires, or apply for a new concession.



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The British Commercial Agent in the United States (Mr. E.

Railway Fraiffht ^^y™^^^ •'^^) report that the Trunk line

Bates i^m * -^^^^^*^^^ ^^ Railroads has issued a winter

Hew York to schedule of fre^ht rates on imported goods

Q^. sent from New York to Chicago, which became

Imported Ooodfl. ®^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ 2nd December. The few im-
p uooos. p(jj^^;ant articles for which the rates remain

unchanged include bagging, burlap, gunny and barium chloride.

A list of the new rates, compared with the old, may be seen at
the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade,
73, Basinghall Street, London, E.C.

In this connexion attention is called to pp. 651»2 of the " Board
of Trade Journal " of Slst December, 1903.



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Dec 26, 1907.] THE BOABD OF TRADE JOVB^A^. 621

MINERALS, METALS AND MACHINERY.

BRITISH INDIA-BURMA.

According to thte " Indian Trade Joumid " the Deputy Commissioner
of the Ruby Mines District of Burma ^r. E. C.
Tonimaline Mines. S. George) has compiled a memorandum on the
tourmalme mines of Maingniii, in which he
states that the mines worked at present are situated round the
small Palaung hamlet of Sanka, about a mile east of Maingnin.

Tourmaline is found in separate crystals in the interstices of
hard granitic-looking rock. The chief methods employed by the
native miners are : — (a) The ordinary Twinlun method of sinking
a vertical shaft about 4 or 5 feet square ; and (&) the Myaw system
of hydraulic washing away of the hill side till a vein is met with.

The cause of the fluctuations in the industiy lies in the fact that
the tourmaline crystals are only found intermittently in the vein.
Adjoining Twinldns give absolutely different results, and it is cal-
culated that at least two-thirds of the shafts sunk yield nothing
at all, while only an occasional one can be called rich. Of the 02
Twirddns working at the time of Mr. George's visit, only three were
yielding, and of these only one had traces of the best quality stone.
The ** veins " are fairly deep, none having ever been obtained at a
depth of less than nine fathoms, while an ordinary depth is 40 or
50 cubits. It is said that the vein rarely if ever shows an outcrop,
and it is a matter of pure speculation .where to dig. There have
been three finds, each of which caused a rush. The first was about
seven years ago at Hpai Baing (Milaunggdn). The next took
place a year or two later at Htaukat between Milaunggdn and
Sanka, and then in 1905 a vein near Sanka village was struck,
which caused the recent increase of population in Maingnin,
but though the area within 100 yards of the original shaft it
honey-combed with pits only three are yielding.

All tourmaline found is divided into three classes : (1) Ahiet
yaijy the best light pink coloured ; (2) Ahka (waist or side), which
is of a darker colour generally and has the lower portion of the
crystal's length discoloured brown to black; and (3) Sinzi or
Amyi (tail), which includes all fragmentary crystals of whatever
oolour or water which are imperfect: or of a small size. The pur-
chaser bids for the two better kinds only, and the sinzi is
thrown in for nothing. The stones are sold by weight, ahiet yay
fetching from Bs. 1,200 to Bs. 1,500 per viss, while ahka fetches
about Ks. 500 for that quantity.

Vi88«S|lb.

ROUMANIA.

H.M. Consul at Bucharest (Mr. O. Wardrop) ha? forwarded an
A<rr{ ifn 1 abstract of a Beport by the Chief of the General
lEfildn Statistical Department, on the Agricultural

JUCJunerj. Machinery and Implements used in Koumania,

from which the following is taken : — ^The total capital invented in



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Minerali, Mdahf amd MoMmrf.

agricultural machinery and implements is about 210,000,000 firs.
(8,400,0001.), viz., portable engines (34,000,000 frs.), threshers
(23,000,000 &8.), ploughs (25,000,000 frs.), and carts and wagons
(87,000,000 frs.).

The number of steam ploughs, which are coming into more
frequent use, is 55, with a power of 1,172 h.p. There ure 4,S89
portable engines of 47,861 h.p., driving 4,585 threshers, 1,258
maizeK^leaning machines, besides hay cutters, hay presses, Ac.
There are in addition 357 portable engines used at mills. The
number of ploaghs of all Idnds is 517,463, while there are 448,260
harrows, and 11,924 implements for sowing. Among the 18,451
harvesters in use, only 4,335 have binders attached, a very large
number being owned by small cultivators. Of reapers there are
1,169, of potato pickers 39, of beetroot gatherers 62, of hay turners
168, and of mechanical rakes 1,323. Carts and wagons represent
over 40 per cent, of the capital invested in machinery and
implements.



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

According to a report by the United States Geolo^cal Survey, the
_^^ production of platinum in the United States in

runuium jgQg exceeded, as regards botti quantity aod

Production for i i.i t is_ ° • J^ l^

lolvft value, taiat fiir any previous year, amountmg to

1908. J 439 ^^ ^^^ ^^ 45 189 ^^^ This was an

increase over 1905 of more than four-fold in quantity and more
than eight-fold in value. The hi^ price of platinum has exercised
a beneficial effect upon production, in that platiniferous gold dust
has been received with more feivour in the United States mints, so
that the quantity of platinum recovered in gold refining has
exceeded au previous recorda A greatly increased {nroduction may
be expected from California and Oregon. Beliable reports have
been sent in to the Geological Survey* and even reliable assays
made, showingthe occurrence of platinum in certain copper-nickel
ores in South Western Utah and in Eastern Nevada..

According to the *' Engineering and Mining Journal '^ (New York),
In sttiiration of ^'^ technological brandi of the United States
GasiM^^^ Geological Survey recently published the results
Powi^ of P^ ^^ preliminary investigations upon the gas-
producing powers of peat, and gave definite
information as to the performance of this substance in gas
producers. The first test described was somewhat inconclusive in
that the five tons of material shipped to the testing plant was
not sufficient to permit building iq> a fuel bed,, and. Illinois ooal



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Deo. Se, 1967.] .,T»B B04B]>cOF <TBAI>B ZeWBNlL. .'Q28

Mweralti MdalSj and.Macimmy.

was used for this purpose. Accordingly, it is uncertain just what
part was played by the coal in the conversion of the peat into gas.

A more satisfactory test was made on, peat from Orlando, Fla.
This peat showed a shrinkage of 45 per cent, in bulk and 85 per
cent, in weight in drying. The briquettes used were approximately
3 by 6 by 1*5 in. and enough were available to allow a 54-hour8
test after building up the bed and making the prelininary trial
The total consumption of peat during the run amounted to
29,250 lb. or about 585 lb. per hour. The producer gas obtained
had a calorific value of 175 B.t.u. per cubic ft. It contained
18*5 per cent, hydrogen and was comparatively low in nitrogen,
having only 45*5 per cent.

In using peat in gas producers more or Jess inconvenience arises
from the fact that peat is very light. Firing must therefore be
persistent, and in consequence, the amount of peat required to
generate one horse-power is considerably greater than in the case
of coal or of lignite.

In testing peat briquettes under boilers it was not possible to
prolong the trials as much as was desired, but the results obtained
were satisfactory as far as they went. No difficulty was found in
keeping the boiler up to its rated capacity. The peat delivered a
calorific value of 10,082 B.t.u. per lb. of diy peat as compared
with 14,436 B.t.u. for West Virginia coal. The amount of peat
burned per hour for each unit of electrical horse-power output was
6-98 lb. against 3*45 lb. for West Virginia coal. The principal
difficulty in using peat for steam generation as indicated by these
figures arises from, its lightness which demands persistent, steady
firing.







UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-PHILIPPINES.

According to the " Engineering and Mining Journal ** (New York),
several small sulphur deposits of the solfatara
Sulphur Deposits, type in the Philippine islands may possibly
become of economic importance. The most
important deposits so far reported are those Imown as San Antonia
and Santa Rosalia, situated on the slopes of Mount Guiron on the
island of Biliran.

In marketing sulphur from these deposits, says the " Journal,'
the price of Japanese sulphur at Manila, which is about 50 pesos
per ton, would have to be met. With present transportation
facilities it is calculated that the cost of delivering refined sulphur
to Manila would be about Zl pesos per ton in the case of the San
Antonio deposit, while the. costs in the cases of the other solfatacas
is estimated to be above the price of Japanese^sulphur.



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621



THE BOABD OF TRADE JOVB.TSAL.



[Dec. 26, 1S07.



Mineraltf Metals, arid Machinery.



BRAZIL.

The October Bulletin of the French Chamber of Commerce at Rio

-^ ^ de Janeiro reports the discovery, in the neigh-

ir^b*to^ bourhood of Bello Horizonte, of two Inmpe of

^ * * miobite, a valuable and very rare mineral. It

is used for incandescent lamps, and in the manufacture of tantalum,

a substitute for cutting-diamonds.

The same bulletin states that an American syndicate has

signed a contract with M. Malachias de Salles

Petrolemn. « Guerra, Paulino Teixeira de Escobar and others

for the working of important petroleum mines

at Xarqueada, in the district of S. Pedro de Piracicaba.



YARNS AND TEXTILES.

BRITISH INDIA.

The Board of Trade have received a copy of the monthly return

Cotto fin* ' iBBued by the Indian Government, showing the

spiiuiiBg quantity of cotton yam spun, and of cotton

woven goods produced, in each Province in

British jjidiay and in the Native States, during

the six months, April to September, of each of the years 1905,

1906, and 1907.

The following is a summarised statement extracted from the
above return, giving particulars for the six months, ended Sep-
tember, 1905, 1906, and 1907 :—



and Weaving
Sttnrns.





Six months ended September.




1905.


1906. 1 1907.


British Ikdijl, Bbrab, Am> Native
States.

Cotton yarn spun Lbs.

Grey and bleached piece f „

goods Yards

Lbs
Coloured piece goods ... y&xSb



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Board of TradeBoard of Trade journal, Volume 59 → online text (page 108 of 112)