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Board of Trade journal, Volume 59 online

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225,332.000
242,896,000


£ «
217,618.000 , 219.381,000
75,125,000 77,453,0M
153,101,000 1 163,583,000
253,962.000 1 272,836,000
278,054,000 ! 819^1,0«>



* Value of principal octides only.

Note. — In the case of Germany, Belgium, France, Aastria-
Hungary, Egypt, Japan, Canada, and United Kingdom, the import
figures given in the above summaries represent imports for home
consumption. In all cases the export figures are intended to
represent exports of domestic produce. In most cases, however,
they include a certain amount of ''nationalised" goods, i.e.^ goods
originally imported for consumption, and which, if dutiable, have
been charged with duty, but which are subsequently re-exported.

The latest figures available as regards other countries from
which returns are received by the Board of Trade are as follow : —





Imports.


Exports (Domeetic).




1905.


1906.


1907.


1905.


1906.


1907.


Bnseia* (6 months)...
Switxerland «6 mtha.)
Italy (6 months) ...
Mexioo^ (7 months) .
Australian Common-
woalthi (7 months)

Portugal (12 months)


£

26,926,000
24,864,0fK)
38,740,000
10,241,000

notavailahle
13,960,000


£
31,133,000
26,840,000
50,298,000
15,056,000

24,493,000

1906.
13,653,000


£
34,791,000
29.909,000
57,844.000
14,740,000

28,734,000

1906.
13,588,000


49.397,000
17,941,000
31,454.000
13.520,000

not available

mi.

6,910.000


47,862,000
20.2^9,000
87,357,000
16.243,000

33.038,000

1905,
6,518,1100


41,821,000
22,176,000
85,829,000
15,172,000

36,525,000

JSO$,
6,883,000



* European, Russo-Finnish and Black Sea Elontien.
i Including bullion and specie.

For detailed particulars regarding the trade of the several
countries, reference should be made to the '' Accounts relatiog to
the Trade and Commerce of certain Foreign Countries and British
Possessions, including figures received up to 31st October," to
be obtained from Messrs. Wyman & Sons, Limited, Fetter
Lane, London, E.C.



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1907.] THE BOABD OF TRADE JOURNAL. 315

BRITISH TRADE ABROAD.

iany. — Referring to the manufactare of scientific instru-
in Germany, H.M. Consnl-General at Berlin (Dr. P.
»ch) writes : — " In order to hold her own in competition
ennany, Great Britain must persistently and vigorously
nto general practice the system of intimate co-operation
I men of learning and practical mechanics so successfully
by Germany. For it is a special characteristic of scientific
ents which are required in the exact sciences in more and
fined and perfected form, that only those instruments which
t technically correct can keep the field."



FRATION IN JAPAN OF BRITISH TRADE MARKS
FOR THE FAR EAST.

sporting on the trade of Japan, H.M. Embassy at Tokio
—''The natural outlet for Japan's commercial enterprise
e in the direction of China and Corea, and the advantages
e traders in the Far Ea^t naturally have from proximity,
of language, mutual understanding and &miliarity with
rroundings, of which they are not slow to avail themselves,
necessary for British traders to use strenuous endeavours
Lain their position and safeguard their interests,
his connexion the question of trade marks is of considerable
nee, the imitation of those of British firms doing much to
e British interests, and a definite understanding on the
mth Far Eastern competitors would appear desirable. The
on which has been brought forward in reports by H.M.
Commercial Attache (see '* Board of Trade Journal " of
ugust, pp. 360-1) that merchants should register their
arks in Japan would, as he points out, prevent the subse-
loption of such trade marks by Japanese traders ; whereas,
ered only in the United Kingdom by the rightful owners,
itration of such trade marks by others in Japan might lend
the assumption that they had acquired the right to use
' their own purposes. The registration therefore in Japan
sh trade marks for use in the Far East is a suggestion
g of serious consideration by those interested."



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316 THE BOiJLD OP TRADE 30TJRSAL. [Nov. 14, 1W7.



SULPHUR MINES OF LOUISIANA.

The British Commercial Agent in the United States (Mr. K
Seymour Bell) has forwarded the following particulars, extracted
from the " Scientific American," relating to the sulphur mines of
Louisiana : —

The deposits in question, which belong to the Union Sniphnr
Company, are situated near the little town of Lake Charles, near
the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, and close to the border between
Louisiana and Texas. The large number of bore-holes which have
been sunk have revealed the presence, at great depth, of a vast
extinct geyser. After passing ^down first 'through 200 feet of clay
and then tiirough 200 feet of quicksand and 80 feet of sand and
gravel, the drills revealed the presence of a vast cone or mountain
of limestone, approximately oval in form, the lip of the cone having
a width of about 200 feet, and the mouth measuring from one-third
to one mile across. A portion of the top of the cone is covered by
a deposit of broken limestone, which varies in thickness from
nothing to 150 feet, at the edges. After the drills had penetrated
through this overlying stripping,^ they entered a huge deposit of
sulphur and limestone, consisting of about 30 per cent, of limestone
and 70 per cent, of pure sulphur. Below this was found a deposit
of gypsum 450 feet in thickness, and underlying the gypsum a
deposit of salt. Surrounding and covering the walls and summit
of the cone is a bed of sand.

The discovery of this mine resulted from the efforts of a company
which was formed in 1868 to search for petroleum, the presence of
which was indicated by oozings from the surface of the ground.
Two years later, attempts were made to extract the sulphur which
the borings for petroleum had revealed ; but the impossibility of
controlling the abundant sub-surface waters of this region, which
is almost at sea level, rendered all attempts to recover the sulphur
by the ordinary mining methods abortive.

The present successful system may be said to date from the
year 1891, when the first patents on a process for recovering
sulphur by liquefaction were taken out, but it was not until the
year 1895 that the inventor succeeded in securing the property
containing this deposit, and not until seven years later that the
many difficulties in the way of mining the sulphur in this novel
manner were overcome, and the process brought to a state of per-
fection, which made the new method a financial success. The
quality of the product is excellent, showing upon analysis a purity
of more than 99 per cent.

Briefly stated, the sulphur is melted by means of superheated
water which is forced dovm into the deposit through iron pipes.
The melted sulphur being insoluble in water, and of greater
specific gravity, falls to the bottom of the well, whence it is raised
to the surface by means of an air pump. On the surface it is



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1907.] THE BOABD OP TUABE JOURNAL. 317

Sulphur Mines of Louisiana.

I to congeal in the form of huge square masses, and subse-
r is broken up and loaded on to the cars for shipment,
details of the process are as follows : — ^A well is drilled, in
he same way as for petroleum, to the bottom of the sulphur
Down this well is run a system of pipes, one within the
intil it extends not quite to the bottom of the well. The
ost pipe is 10 inches in diameter; within this is a 6-inch
iside of which is a 3-inch pipe, and within that a 1-inch
Water, heated in a battery of boilers to a temperature of
J. F., is forced down through the annular space between
inch and the 6-inch pipes, and issues through a number of
bions in the side of the pipe at a point two or three feet
:he bottom of the well. The water, because of its great
d pressure, forces its way through the seams and crevices
limestone rock, attacking and melting the sulphur, and
' it (owing to its superior gravity) to drain down to the
of the well. Here it enters the bottom of the pipe through
ler of perforations, and passes up through the annular space

I the 6-inch pipe and the 3-inch pipe. Normally, the two
8 of liquid, water and sulphur, would stand in equilibrium
>rent levels, whose height would be inversely as their
ive specific gravities, the water column being twice as high
iquid sulphur column ; so that when the top of the water

was at the level of the ground, the top of the liquid
' column would be at a point half-way between the bottom
top of the pipe. In order to bring the sulphur to the
compressed air is forced down through the 1-inch pipe into
lid sulphur, and the density of the latter is thereby reduced
is less than that of the water, and the mixture of sulphur
rises and flows out in a steady stream at the surface.

II be seen that the radius of action of the hot water, as it
rem the bottom of the tube, will be dependent upon its
d and heat. That is to say, it will extend through the
nd fissures of the limestone rock, melting out the sulphur,
Far and just as long as it can maintain its heat above the

point of the sulphur. As the sulphur, because of its
specific gravity, drains away to the bottom of the well or
the water takes its place, although, of course, there is a

subsidence of the ground to fill the voids thus produced.
00 to 600 tons of sulphur have been known to flow from a

a single day, this rate being maintained for weeks at a
nd one well has actually furnished over 60,000 tons of
. The wells are sunk at distances of from 50 to 100 feet
ch other, and in this way this enormous deposit, which has
eige thickness of from 250 to 300 feet, is being gradually
>d. The subsidence of the ground, as might well be
id, is on a colossal scale, the surface having sunk over a



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318 THE BOABD OF TRADE J0X7BKAL. [Nov. 1#, 1907.

Sulphur Mines of Louisiana.



large'area to an average depth of 30 feet. The mere work of
filling in this depression is no small task, hundreds of cartloads of
dirt having been hauled for this purpose.

Since the liquid sulphur comes to the surface over 99 per cent,
pure, it is not necessary to subject it to any treatment to prepare
it for the market. Consequently it is allowed to flow into large
open bins built on the ground, areas measuring about 250 by 350
feet being bulkheaded in with timber for this purpose. The bins
are of 8ud£cient area to permit the layers to cool, as the sulphur
flows into them, the layers forming and cooling first on one side
of the bin and then on the other. In this manner a monolithic
mass of pure sulphur, from 40 to 50 feet in height, is formed,
The sulphur bins are intersected by tracks ; and when a shipment
is to be made, the boards surrounding the mass are taken down,
and the wall of sulphur is broken up by labourers and wheeled
into the cars.

Although the driving of the wells and putting down of the
tubes is a large item of expense, the principal cost is the produc-
tion of the enormous volumes of hot water, for which latter purpose
a total of 24,000 horse-power of boilers is at the present time
employed. Nevertheless, the sulphur rock is so extremely rich,
the deposits of such vast extent, and the output so large
and of such pure quality, that the Louisiana sulphur mines
to-day are a great factor in the sulphur markets of the world.
The annual consumption in the United States and Canada is
about 200,000 tons (of 2,240 lbs.) of elementary sulphur, and until
the last few years the production of sulphur in the United
States averaged less than 1 per cent, of the total consumption.
In 1902, for instance, the domestic production of elementary
sulphur was 7,433 tons, while the amount imported was 174,939
tons. From these figures it can be easily seen that the United
States, xmtil very recently, was dependent on Europe for the bulk
of its sulphur supply. The successful development of the Louisiana
mines, however, has put the country in a position to meet the
entire domestic demand, and the Union Sulphur Company are in
a position to place their product in the European markets in com-
petition with the great sulphur mines of Sicily, which have
hitherto been the main producers for the whole world.

The production of sulphur by the Union Sulphur Company
during 1906 amounted to 287,590 tons. This year they have
already exported over 15,000 tons.



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Not. 14, 1907.]



THE BOABD OF TRADE JOXTBKAL.



319



Free

Be-importation

of TntTellen'

Samples.



TARIFF CHANGES

AND CUSTOMS REGULATIONS.

BRITISH INDIA.

A Customs Circular (No. 8 of 1907), dated 9th October last, has
been received stating that the Government of
India have decided that in future samples of
goods not intended for sale, which are re-
imported by commercial travellers into British
India after duty has once been paid on them,

shall be passed free of duty, provided certain rules are complied

with.
These rules, which are in some detail, may be seen at the

Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73,

Basinghall Street, E.C.

AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH.

The Board of Trade have received, through the Colonial Office,
Val ti f ^Py ^^ ^ despatch from the Commonwealth
- ^ Sntr Government stating, in reply to an enquiry
iiooas or xy. regarding the method of valuation for purposes
of duty on goods imported into the Australian Commonwealth,
that the " fair market value under sec. 154 of the Customs Act,
" is based on the price of the goods for home consumption, and
" not on export prices."

A copy ot a cablegram has been received from the Officer-in-Charge
of the Commonwealth Offices in London stating
DedsioiiB. that the following decisions with regard to the

new Tariff have been given by the Common-
wealth Parliament : —

The tariff items 89 (oilmen's stores), 94 (rice), 95-6 (salt), and
104 (starch flours) have been passed, and a new item, 89a
inserted in the Tariff, viz. : —

Infants' food, as prescribed by Departmental Bye-law, Free on
and after 6th November.
[Pending the issue of the bye-law, food classed as " infants' " in the
old Tariff will be admitted free of duty.]
Items 100 and 103 have been amended as follows : —



1




Tariff on goods the


1


Articles.


General Tariff.


produce of the
united Kingdom.








100 ! Soap—








A. Toilet, fancy or medi-


25 % ad ral. or id.


26 % ad val. or id.




cated.


per lb., whichever is
nigher.*


per lb., whichever is






higher.*




B. Not elsewhere included








ad vol.


25%*


25 %•


103! Starch per lb.


2{l


2d.


Dextrine


Free.


Free.



* With effect from 6th November, 1907.
The excise duties on starch, amylic alcohol and fusel oil have also

uigiiizea oy '^^jOO^ LC



been passed.



320



THE BOARD OP TSADE JOUENAL.



[No?. U, 1907.



Tariff Changes and Customs Regulations.



AUSTRALIAN COMMON WE ALTH-^^^**!"'^.

A copy of a further cablegram has been received,notifying that tariff
items 109-111 and 113 and 114, respecting feathers, diving
dresses and bags, have been passed by the Commonwealth House
of Representatives, and that the undermentioned items have been
amended as follows : —



Tariff
Item.



Articles.



General
Tariff.



Tiiiff on goods

the prodaoe or

manufacture of

the United

Kingdom.



106

107

108
112



Division V.— Textiles.

Apparel and attire— woollen or silk or con-
taining wool or silk — partly or whoUj made
up, incladinj? articles cut into 8hape...a^ ral.

Apparel and attire, n.e.i., for the human body ;
partly or wholly made up, made of any
material not containing wool or silk, including
material cut into shape therefor „.adval.

Articles, n.e.i., partly or wholly made up, from
textiles, felts, furs, or feathers, not included
under items 107 or 137 (trimmings and orna-
ments), and including materials cut into
shape therefor ad ral.

Regalia, viz,, embroidery, woven sashes and
collars ... ... ... ••• ••• •••



40%'



35%'



36%*
'30%»



30 % ♦ 26 % ♦

I Item deleted. To be
I charged under item 107.



BebateofDatjon
Goods removed

Overland to
(German South-
west Africa.



♦ With effect from 7th November, 1907.

CAPE OP GOOD HOPE.

The " Cape of Good Hope Government Gazette " for 15th October
last contains a Customs Notice (No. 1,184 of
12th October^ 1907), stating that in accordance
with sec, 15 of Act No. 1 of 1906, a rebate
of duty will [be granted, under certain con-
ditions, on goods entered for removal overland
to German South-West Africa — with effect from
15th October last.

The effect of the Notice is to impose a transit duty of 3 per cent.
ad valorem on all goods removed overland to German South- West
Africa, except on spirits and wines, the duties on which are : —
Spirits —

Liqueurs, cordials, and mixed spirits ... 3«. Orf. per imp. gall.
Other potable spirits containing more

than 3 per cent, of proof spirit ... Ss. 6d. per pf. gall.

Wines ... ... ... 1/*. 6(2. per imp. gall.

The same issue of the " Gazette " contains a copy of the Regula-
tions (No. 1,135 of 1907) which have been issued under the above
Notice.

The Notice and Regulations may be seen at the Commercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street,
London, E.C.



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1907.] THE BOABD OF TKADE JOUEXAL. 321



Tariff Changes and Customs Regulations.

NATAL.

dference to the notice which appeared in the " Board of

^ Trade Journal *' for ] 9th September last,

I ^ respecting the importation of second-hand

/J5 I clothing into J<Iatal, the Board of Trade have

' now received from their Natal correspondent,

^^ information to the effect that the following

charges will be made for disinfecting second^

^thing imported into the Colony.

liform charge of 7«, 6d. per 100 lbs. weight of material,
minimum charge of lbs. (for the nse of the steam disin-

arge of Is. per case for cases of boots, which will be
bed by famigation.

EGYPT.

j^ptian " Journal OflSciel " for the 28th October contains
. , the text of a revised valuation tariff for use in

_, , - assessing Customs duties on provisions imported
^^. .*' into Egypt from Syria, Turkey, Candia, Chio,
jvuions. Greece, and Malta. This tariff, which was to
to force on the 1st November and is to remain in operation
period of one year (i.e., until 31st October, 1908), or until
ation, can be consulted by persons interested at the Com«
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall
EIC.



RUSSIA.

)tice recently issued by the Foreign Office attention is
-. . drawn to the fact that cases not unfrequently

[, , arise of fines being imposed on vessels by

oms an ^^^q Russian Customs authorities on account of

^ * clerical errors in bills of lading or other ship's

fajesty's Ambassador at St. Petersburgh has expressed the
that the proper mode of proceeding in such cases appears
Qsufficiently known to British shipowneru, who usually
themselves to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, or
Iritish Embassy at St. Petersburgh.

essential, therefore, with a view to avoid delay, and in order
e proper attention to the facts of the case, for the o\Miers
vessel, or the shipper of the goods on which a fine is
1, to follow the prescribed form of procedure, which is as

should, immediately on receiving notification of the imposi-
a fine for errors or other discrepancies in the shipping



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322 THE BOARD OF TBADE JOU&NAL. [Nov. 14, 1907.

Tariff Changes and Customs ReffulaUons.

documents, furnish their agents or the receivers of the goods with
a declaration setting forth all the facts of the case so as to enable
the latter to draw up and present a petition to the proper authori-
ties for a remission or reduction of the fine imposed. This
declaration should be signed in the presence of a competent
authority, whose signature should be attested by a Russian
Consular officer. Care should be taken that this declaration be
fDrwarded in time to permit the agents of the vessel or receivers
of the goods petitioning within a term of three weeks, which is
allowed from the day the fine is imposed.

Should the efibrts of the agents of the vessel or receivers of the
goods fail to obtain a remission of the fine, then the owners of the
vessel or shippers of the cargo may apply direct to His Majesty's
Ambassador or His Majesty's Consul at St. Petersburgh asking
him to support their case, and when this course is adopted a copy
or translation of the petitions, and any other documents submitted
by the agents or receivers of the goods, should invariably accom-
pany such communication ; but in no case should the complaint
be brought to the notice of the Imperial Government in the first
instance by the channel of His Majesty's Embassy or Consulate.

It should be borne in mind that fines for infractions, however
trifling, of the Russian Customs Regulations are not imposed in a
vexatious spirit, but rather in order to insure the strict observance
of those Regulations, which a tendency has at times been evinced
to disregard. It is therefore of great importence, in order to avoid
the imposition of these fines, that shipowners and shipmasters
should make themselves familiar with the requirements of these
Regulations.



NETHERLANDS.



The Board of Trade are in receipt, through the Foreign Office,

T »4. n«.4w ^^ ^ copy and translation of a Duteh Royal

impmimtjon ^^^ree, dated 16th October, 1907, fixing the

J- /^ duty on calcium saccharate imported into the

baocnarate. Netherlands at the rate of 19 florins per

100 kilogs. (Ifrf. per lb.).

FRANCE.

The French "Journal Officiel" for the 3rd November contains a
-n 4«. -Eh. T Presidential Decree, dated the 31st October,

Duty wee im- g^^^ ^^ 20,000,000 kilogrammes the quantity
/Sf'r JuT? of oHve oil and black olive oil of Tunisian
Oil from Tunis, p^^^^tion which may be imported into France

free of duty during the twelve months ending 3l8t October, 1908.



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14, 1907.] THE BOARD OF TKADE JOUBNAL. 828



Tariff Changes and Customs Refftdations.

FRANCE-HAITI.

French "Journal Officiel " for the Ist November contains a

•fl ti f Presidential Decree promulgating in France the

^ . - Commercial Convention between France and

""^' Haiti, which was signed on the 80th January

♦1. -h^ ^^^ ^^^ *^® ratifications of which were ex-

^tri * changed at Paris on the 23rd October. The

principal provisions of this Convention will be

i noted at p. 24 of the " Board of Trade Journal " for 4th



SWITZERLAND.

" Feuille F6d6rale Suisse " for the 23rd October contains a
^ f fiiA ^notification of the Swiss Customs Department

e f rtoin ^ *® ®^®^^ *^** ^^^^ *^® ^®* January next
^^ - import declarations for goods comprised in

TZT , Class XIL of the Customs Tariff (Machinery,

isncaipur- ^^chine Tools, Vehicles and Vessels— Tariff
^^^ Nos. 897-904) will be required to include, for

tical purposes, and in addition to the particulars already
red, a statement of the value of the goods, including all
ises incurred from the place of exportation to the Swiss
ler, but excluding Customs duty.

PORTUGALr-LORENGO MARQUES.

" Boletim Official de Mozambique" for the 2l8t September

Al ohol contains a Decree of the Governor-General pro-

^ visionally fixing the import duty on pure alcohol

^^ imported into Lorenzo Marques by chemists for

. pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes at the

^*^^^^^* rate of 250 reis per litre. The quantity of

ol which may be imported by each chemist in the course of

ear is limited to 1,000 litres.

GREEGE.

Board of Trade are in receipt, through the Foreign Office, of a
. translation of a Circular instruction which has

tm ™t f ^^^ issued to the Greek Customs authorities
?^?' ® on the subject of the formalities connected

^ ^" with the admission into Greece of commercial

Uers' samples, and samples introduced by parcel post,
is pointed out in this Circular that samples of no commercial
) are exempted from import duty by the Customs Tariff Law.
nercial travellers' samples which have value, however, as
}le of being utilised in commerce, are delivered from the
)m house at which they are imported only after marks or



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324 THE BOABD OF TBADE JOURNAL. [Nor. 14, 1907.

Tariff Changes and Customs Regtdaiians.

seals have been aflSxed thereto by the Customs for purposed of
identification, and satisfactory security has been given for payment
of import duty in the event of their not being exported from the
Kingdom within a period of one year. Immediate payment of



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Board of TradeBoard of Trade journal, Volume 59 → online text (page 53 of 112)