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import duty is exacted on samples, except those of no commercial
value, sent into Greece by parcels post ; but samples of tissues in
larger pieces than is customary will be delivered free of duty after
being rendered useless by cutting.

A complete translation of the Circular may be seen by persons
interested at the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of
Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, E.C.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The following is the substance of some Decisions affecting the
p . application of the United States Customs

y^, .™* Tariff, which have recently been issued by the

PeciBions. Treasury Department at Washington :—

Hematite — Bloodstone, — Pieces of hematite, or bloodstone, less
than 1 inch in any dimension, designed and suitable for jewellery
settings exclusively, are dutiable as precious stones at the rate of
10 per cent, ad valorem under paragraph 435 of the Tariff, and not
at the rate of 35 per cent, ad valorem under paragraph 97 as
articles and wares composetl wliolly or in chief value of earthy or
mineral substances undecorated.

Flatfish (squid) and cuttlefish are free of duty as shellfish under
paragraph 659 of the Tariff.

Preserved pineapples. — Where the total sugar in preserved pine-
apples, in the form of invert sugar, is in excess of 21*09 per cent,
duty is to be assessed at the rate applicable to *' fruits preserved
in sugar," viz., 1 cent per pound and 35 per cent, ad valorem,
under paragraph 263 of the Tariff.

GoloureA cotton doth. — Fancy cotton cloth whose surface is partly
or wholly covered with designs, patterns, or figures interwoven
with coloured cotton threads, is dutiable as cotton cloth, dyed,
coloured, painted, or printed, under the provisions of Schedule I.,
Tariff Act of 1897. The contention that in determining the
character of cotton cloth as to whether or not it is ** coloured," for
the purpose of assessing duty, regard must be had only to the
warp and weft threads constituting what may be called the founda-
tion of the fabric, and that all other parts of the weave or con-
stiiiction should be ignored, is inadmissible.



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14, 1907.] THB BOAUD OF TlUDB ^OXJANAt. 326



SHIPPING AND TRANSPORT.

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.

i reference to the notice on p. 273 of the " Board of Trade
h 'd* ed Journal " of 7th November respecting the

-. ^ . formation of a new Steamship Company ** Dal-

I DataSdi^ matia, Limited," H.M. Consul at Trieste (Mr.
' £1^^^ J. B. Spenco) now reports that although the

newly-formed Company will enjoy the monopoly
tie coasting and local service in Dalmatia and Dalmatian
ds, in addition to carrying on a service of mail steamers from
5te to Metcovich (three departures per week), and to Curzola
dei>arture per week), the " Austridn Lloyd " Ss. Company will
run three express mail services per week to Cattaro, a service
attaro-Spizza and one to Albania. The " Sagusea " Ss. Com-
', which retained its independence on the formation of the
Imatia ** Company, will inaugurate a service of three departures
week (mail steamers) from Trieste to Cattaro, one line of
ners from Dalmatia to Bari, and a service to Obotti and on
Lake of Scutari, thereby entering into competition with the
ui steamship lines.

\T tbese different services the " Austrian Lloyd " Ss. Company
receive an annual subsidy of 1,200,000 crowns (50,000Z.);
•Dalmatia*' Ss. Company one of 900,000 crowns (37,500Z.);
bhe " Ragusea " Ss. Company one of 480,000 crowns (20,000<.).

CHINA.

1 reference to the notices on p. 27 of the " Board of Trade
' hi TtsLt Journal " of the 3rd October, and on p, 614 of

*^^r^^ that of the 26th September, respecting freight
thS 1^' ^^^^ °^ ^^^ South Manchurian Railway, H.M.
*, ^? Embassy have now forwarded a list of the

^., rates, together with a translation of the regula-

^* tions in force on that railway, prepared by the

sh Vice-Consul at Dairen (Mr. H. G. Parlett).
is remarked that although the general goods tariff from
den to Dairen (Dalny) is, as compared with that to Yingkow
k'chang), a differential one, in proportion to the distance, in
ir of the former port, yet the Japanese Railway Authorities,
3 admitting this differentiation, point out that, so long as
3 from Mukden can be delivered at Yingkow at the rate of
yen per ton, as against 6*25 yen at Dairen, it cannot with
je be said that a differential tariff exists in favour of the
• port.

le list of rates and translation of regulations may be seen at
!]k)nunercial Litelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73,
ighall Street, London, E.C.



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326 THS BOA&D or TEABS JOtJBNAL. [Not. 14, 1907.

MINERALS, METALS AND MACHINERY.

UNITED KINGDOM.

A formal investigation was held on Slst October and Ist and 2nd

-. . , November, at the Council Chamber, Council

q^ii^ un er OflBces, Poplar, into the circumstances attending

lf^^^^ 4 ^ *A + *^® explosion of a Stirling boiler which occurred

BxplOBionsAct. ^^ ^j^^ p^pi^^ Borough Electrical Works on

the 16th August last.

The Commissioners found that the accident was due primarily
to the over-heating of a tube in the boiler due to deposit in it,
and in a lesser degree to the drawing oat of the upper part of
the tnbe from the drum thereafter. They were satisfied that
the failure of the water softener to perform its duties accounted
in some measure for deposit in the boiler, and expressed the
opinion that too much reliance should not be placed on water
softening plant. No blame was attached to the Borough Council
nor to the Chief and Assistant Engineers, and the Commissioners
made no order as to costs.



GAPE OF GOOD HOPE.

The " Cape Argus " publishes some particulars of a discovery of

Discovery of lignite in the Knysna district. A syndicate

- . -a. • ^.1, 'was formed to investigate the deposit, and on a

KnTOir^^ shaft being sunk to a depth of 30 feet, three

^ seams of the mineral were struck, aggregating

17 feet in thickness. Further tests were made at di^erent places

in the same district, and the area containing the lignite was found

to be some miles in extent.

Trials made with this fuel in Cape Town have given apparently
satisfactory results, although, before the importance of the dis-
covery can be fully estimated, experiments will have to be
conducted on a larger scale.

NEW SOUTH WALES.

Referring to the recent discovery of a deposit of magnesite of
- ., considerable extent made by Mr. J. B. Jacquet,

uigneute ^.j^j^f i^^^^^j. ^f jfines (N.S.W.), while in-

^* specting some platinum bearing country at

Fifield, the ** Australian Mining Standard" quotes some remarks
by Mr. Kilbum Scott, of the Sydney University, who is conduct-
ing a series of tests with the product. Mr. Scott states that the
Fifield deposit is unique in its remarkable purity, and especially in
that lime is absent. All other deposits, including those of New
Caledonia, the United States, and the large deposit at Euboea have
considerable lime present. "For many years," Mr. Scott adds,
*' experts have been trying to meet the great call for a magnesite
brick to withstand higher temperatures than the ordinary silica
firebrick, and one difficulty in the way has apparently been due to
impurities — especially lime — in the raw material. It is mainly on
this account that I think the l^^eld deposit promises so well."

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KoT. 14, 1907.J THX BOA&D 01* TEABB JOtTUNAL. 327



Minerals, Metals, and Machinerjf,



WESTERN AUSTRALIA.

The " Australian Mining Standard '* of 2nd October draws atten-
A bMtM *^^^ ^ ^ report by Mr. P. Riches, Inspector of

-^ Mines (Western Australia), on the discovery of

Oiaeojeirj. asbestos in the Pilbarra District, about 15 miles

due west of Oooglegong. The asbestos lodes, says Mr. Riches,
occur in a belt of serpentine country running north-east and
south-west, that lies more or less in a valley bounded on the north
and south by large jasper dykes. The serpentine belt varies in
width, fi-om 20 ckains to about 5 chains, where it passes through a
steep gorge at the south-west end of the traverse. After passing
through uiis gorge it again widens out and extends with varying
widths for another mile. The asbestos lodes, so far traced, are two
parallel lodes about a chain and a-half apart, and can be traced
along the sur&ce for about 30 chains. Mr. Riches found on
arrival that very little prospecting work of any sort had been done.
Samples from the lodes were obtained by him and forwarded to the
Minister for Mines. Mr. Riches concludes his report by stating
that until some development work is done, and it is ascertained
whether the lodes and fibre exist at depth, and also the percentage
of fibre in the lode at these depths, it is utterly impossible for
anyone to form an opinion as to the value of the mine or the
amount of the asbestos available. The proi)Osition, he adds,
strikes him as a very favourable one, and in his opinion is well
worthy of some systematic development.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The British Commercial Agent in the United States (Mr. E.

— . - Seymour Bell) reports that attention has lately

Cam '^rtT^ been called in both the technical and the daily

umcrete. press of that country to a new process by which

concrete is said to be made practically waterproof. The method of

doing this, which appears to be both simple and effective, consists in

adding a small amount of ordinary clay to the cement; it is

claimed that this not only renders the concrete impervious to

water but also strengthens it. Ordinary concrete is porous, and

vast films have been expended from time to time in the endeavour

to make it waterproof. Now that reinforced concrete is being so

largely used, it is evident, Mr. Bell observes, that any practical

method of preventing water reaching the ateel rods embedded in

the cement would be of the greatest value.

The " Engineering News" (New York) publishes a paper by the
Chemist to the Board to the American Society of Civil Engineers,
giving the result of an investigation of the subject of waterproof-
ing cement that has been carried on by the New York Board of
WatOT Supply in their effort to perfect the materials and methods
of construction in the immense new aqueduct for that city. The
journal in question may be seen by those interested on application
at the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 7^,
Baainghall Street, E.C. ^ ,

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328 THE BOAAD OF TiBLADB JOUBNAL. [Not. 14, 1907.



YARNS AND TEXTILES.

GAIGOS ISLANDS.

A report upon the Caicos Islands, with special reference to the

further development of the sisal industry, has

Sisal Industry. recently been issued by the Colonial Office.

The Commissioner of the Islands, who has

prepared the report, says that two of the three essential conditions

for the profitable cultivation of the fibre can be fulfilled there, viz.,

a large area of land and an abundant supply of cheap labour. The

report itself (Colonial Reports, Miscellaneous, No. 43) can be

obtained from Messrs. Wyman & Sons, Limited, Fetter lame, E.C.,

price 2d.

ROUMANIA.

H.M. Consul at Bucharest (Mr. 0. Wardrop) reports that the

- .. ^ ** Monit^rul Oficial " of 2nd November an-
Formation of ^^i r j.- c r xi.

- ^ nounces the formation of a company for the

mpany or estciblishment of a hemp industry in Roumania.

Aemp inaustry. rpj^^ company has a capital of 640,000 fr., of

which a great deal seems to be of Bohemian origin. Mr. Wardrop

adds that it is probable that the necessary machinery has already

been purchased.



AGRICULTURE.

UNITED KINGDOM.

The prices of British com per quarter of 8 bushels, as received
from the inspectors and officers of Excise in
Com Prices. the week ended the 9th November, 1907, were
as follows : —

Wheat Sos. lOd.

Barley 27s. Sd.

Oats 18^. lOd.

For further particulars see p. 336.

A statement is published on p. 337, showing the quantities of
T w^ # A«^ *^® various descriptions of agricultural produce
import! ^ Agrt- i^p^rted into the United Kingdom during the
cultural Koauce. ^^j^ ^^^^ ^j^^ g^ November, 1907, as well
as of the imports during the corresponding week of 1906.



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Nov. 14, 1907.] THE BOAXD OF ISADE JOUBNAL. 329



Agrtetdture.

GRENADA.

The report on Grenada for 1906 states that the cotton and cotton
Cotton ^^^ exported from the Island are the product

ColtiTation in ^^ *^® Colony's principal dependency, Carriacou,
-Jv^J^ where it has never ceased to be cultivated. The

crop for 1906 was satisfactory as compared with
the average, 2,779 cwt. of cotton and 7,526 c^vt. of seed, valued at
8,003Z., teing exported, as compared with 1,899 cwt. of cotton and
4,849 cwt. of seed, valued at 3,365Z., in 1905, when the crop failed
in consequence of abnormally showery weather prevailing when the
trees were setting the bolls. Another satisfactory feature of the
output in 1906 was that a marked proportion of it consisted for the
first time of Sea Island cotton, the acreage of which under cultiva-
tion in the dependency is steadily increasing year by year as the
peasants come to realise its value. At the Grovemment cotton
ginnery in Hillsborough, which is run so as to gin the peasant
settlers' cotton at cost price, 33 bales of Sea Island and 1 36 bales
of Marie Oalante cotton were ginned during the year. (GdUmial
Seports, Annual, No, 546.)

OERMANY-BAYARIA.

The **Moniteur Officiel du Commerce" (Paris) states that the

-jj^. , , Bavarian statistical office has recently published

Z^^T the first estimates of the hop harvest, received

^ ^' from the communes where hops are grown.

According to these returns the area under cultivation is 23,426

hectares, the estimated output being 129,389 metric quintals,

classified as 38,743 quintals " very gocd," 56,631 quintals ** good,"

31,592 quintals "medium," 1,738 quintals ** sub-medium," and

685 quintals ** mediocre."

The 1906 crop amounted to 425,000 quintals, and the 1905 crop
to 154,000 quintals.

Quintal=100 kilogs.=r220-4 lbs.

SPAIN.

H.M. Consul at Malaga (Mr. J. 6. Haggard), in his report for
V 1 M\ Oil -^^O^' states that olive oil turned out an utter
- ^ # 10AA disappointment to all concerned, the yield being
uroporivoo. 500,000 arrobas* as compared with 1,000,000
arrobas in 1905. Consequently none has been exported, as the
whole production is I'equired for home consumption.

For the last two years, continues Mr. Haggard, trade in sulphur
g 1 1, /Av \ (olive) oil for soap making has been almost at
on f*^ fln ^ standstill owing to the poor crops, and the

*^ small quantities produced have been taken u)>
by homo industjry at prices far above those



Xaldng.



^:;:;:^-' ' ♦ Anoba = 26-35 Ibe.

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330 THE BOARD OF TEADE JOtJBNAL. [Kot. U, 1907.

Agrtetdture.

oflfered by foreign markets, 1907 promises a good crop, and even
if only 10 per cent, of the blossoms now showing give fruit,
farmers are looking forward to a good year in this article.
(Foreign Office^ Annual Series^ 3,937.)



ITALY.

With reference to the notice on p. 179 of the " Board of Trade

^y ^. Journal" of 24th October respecting dive oil

-^ A^M production in Italy, H.M. Consul-General at

Production, ^^^^^^ ^^^ g j^^^jj^ g^j^^^ M.V.O.) reports

that on the whole the Italian olive oil crop is expected to be a
good one this year. The Calabrias and Sicily crops will be above
the average, and the Puglia district is expected to yield a normal
crop. The stocks of last year are completely exhausted, and the
home consumption is very large. These facts will influence prices.
Quality should be excellent as the fruit is sound and has not been
punctured by fly. The crop cannot be ready before the end of the
year.

The following particulars respecting the production of olive oil
in the Bordighera district, which includes Latte, Roja and Nervia
valleys and the Mandamento of Bordighera, have been forwarded
by the British Vice-Consul there (Mr. E. E. Berry) : —

The average yield per season is about 1,500,000 quintals divided
into the following four qualities : —

Mangiabile — Proportion, 1 2 per cent. ; local price, 85 lire per

quintal ; obtained in November and December.
Mezzofino — Proportion, 15 per cent.; price, 105 lire per
quintal ; obtained in January and the first half of February.
Fino — Proportion, 25 per cent.*; price, 110 lire per quintal ;

also obtained in January and the first half of February.
Extra-Pino— Proportion, 50 per cent.; price 120 lire per
quintal ; obtained from the middle of February to the end
of the season, mainly from the fruit obtained from beating
the trees.

^Formerly a very considerable proportion of the oil was of very
inferior quality and only suitable for industrial purposes, but
owing to improvements in the methods of extraction very little of
this industrial oil is now produced in the Bordighera district.
The best oil is obtained from the trees grown on the higher
ground. It is estimated that this season only about a quarter of
the average quantity will be obtained, and that the oil will be only
of the two lowest qualities, ** mangiabile" and ''mezzofino." . -
Quintal = 220-4 lbs ; lire =£ 9ff .



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Not. 14, 1907.] THE BOA&D OP TBABE JOUBNAL/ 331



AgricuUure.



BRAZIL.

A supplement to the ** Brazilian Eeview " of 15th October contains

Rnblmr Cnm f ^^tr^ts from the message of the Governor of

190B-7 *^® State of Para to the Legislative Assembly,

in which the following figures were given : —

The rubber production of the State in the season 1906-7

amounted to 11,467- tons, valued at 3,392,000Z., as compared with

11,882 tons, valued at 3,623,440Z. in 1905-6. The total rubber

crop of Brazil in 1906-7 amounted to 37,835,000 kilos., comprising

31,542,972 kilos, rubber and 6,292,028 kilos, caucho. Of the total

crop, 37,666,777 kilos, were exported to New York, Liverpool,

Hamburg, Havre and Antwerp, viz. : — 18,680,383 kilos, fine,

3,621,387 kilos, medium, 9,084,352 kilos. Semamby, and 6,280,695

kilos, caucho. The quantity of stock on 30th June last was

168,000 kilos.

ARGENTINA.

H.M. Minister at Buenos Ayres reports that the twentieth annual

kvri Ifn 1 Agricultural Show of the Argentine Rural

■^^ . Society, held at Palermo — a suburb of Buenos

B ^^ k Ayres — was opened on the 8th September in

JSnanos Ayret. ^^ presence of the President of the Republic,

by the Minister of Agriculture, Senor Ramos Mejia.

His Excellency in his speech laid stress on the progress which
had taken place in cattle-breeding in Argentina, as was shown by
the excellence of the animals exhibited, and he expressed the
opinion that in a few years Argentina would not need to import
pedigree stock. He stated that the area under grain in the
country now amounted to 7,200,000 hectares (^17,791,200 acres),
an increase of 200,000 hectares (494,200 acres} over the area in
1906, and that the present condition of the crops was excellent.

The most notable exhibits were in the class of Durham cattle.
There was a large class of Herefords, also of very high quality.
The horses on the whole were disappointing both in quality and
quantity.

SIAM.

The Acting British Consul at Bangkok (Mr. J. Crosby) calls attention

, , in his recent report to the item of 52 tons of

/iv? « rubber, valued at 12,2I4Z. exported from

Cultivation. Bangkok in 1906. He adds, however, that the

bulk of this consignment, though shipped from Siam, arrived from

the neighbourhood of Luang Prabang in French Laos territory.

Mr. Crosby states that the soil of, the greater portion of Siam
appears well adapted for the cultivation of rubber. Planting
operations on a business scale, however, are at present confined to
certain districts in the Malay Peninsula. {Foreign Office, Armuai
$me$, 3,938.)



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332



THE BOABD OF TRADE JOURNAL.



[Nov. 14, 1907.



MISCELLANEOUS.

UNITED KINGDOM.

The number of bales of cotton imported into the United Kingdom

daring the week ended the 7th November, 1907,

Cotton Statistici. was 115,174 (including 67 bales British West

Indian and 1,059 bales British West African)

and the number imported daring the forty-five weeks ended the

7th November was 3,764,922 (including 5,816 bales British West

Indian and 9,917 bales British West African). As regards exports,

the figures are, for the week ended the 7th November, 9,961 bales,

and for the forty-five weeks, 431,780 bales.

For farther details see p. 336.



CANADA.

With reference to the notice on p. 283 of the " Board of Trade
EBtabliihment of



a Branch of the

Eoyal lEint at

Ottawa.



Journal " of 7th November regarding a Royal
Proclamation for the establishment of a Branch
of the Royal Mint at Ottawa, it may be noted
that the ** London Gazette " of 8th November
contains a reprint of the Proclamation with an
alteration in the final clause to the efiect that the date on which
the Proclamation will come into force is 1st January, 1908, and
not 9th November, 1907.

ADEN.

The following statistics showing the value of the sea-borne foreign
and Indian trade of Aden daring the year

Trade in 1906-7. ended 31st March, 1907, compared with the
year ended 31st March, 1906, are taken firom the

annual Report on the Trade and Navigation Returns of Aden: —





Imports.


Exports.




1905-6.


1906-7. [ 1905-6. ] 1906-7.

' 1


Merchandise

Treasui-c


Rs.
4,41,88,663
49,41,070


Rs.

4,94.80,768

32,40,174


Rs.

3,94,74,236

54,44,184


8,89,77,332
87,92,526


Total


4,91,30,333


6,27,20,932


4,49,18,420


4,27,69,858



The value of articles of merchandise imported from the interior
of Arabia by land into Aden during the year ended 31st March
last amounted to Rs. 20,11,167, as compared with Rs. 27,21,628
during the year ended 31st March, 1906, and the value of the
merchandise that passed into Arabia per inland communication
from Aden during the same periods amounted to Rs. 13,77,774



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KOT. 14, 1907,] THE BOA&D OF TRADE JOITRNAL.



333



Miscdlaneous.



and Rs. 15,54,937 respectively. The value of the treasure that
passed from Arabia into Aden in 1906-7 amounted to Bs. 1,63,415,
as compared with Ks. 3,35,03!2 in 1905-6, while the treasure that
passed into Arabia from Aden amounted to Rs. 1,97,162 as com-
pared with Rs. 1,42,458.

MAURITIUS.

The following statistics of the import and export trade of

Mauritius during the year 1906 (to which

Trade in 1906. comparative figures for 1905 have been added)

have been taken from the report recently issued

by the Colonial OflBce {Annual^ No. 547) : —





1905.


1906.


Countries.


Imports

(inclnding

specie).


Exports of
Colonial Produce

(including
shipping charges).


Imports

(inclading

specie).


Exports of
Colonial Produce

(including
shipping charges).


United Kingdom...
British Poeacssions
Foreign Countries


Rs.

7,357,000

13,542,000

6,045,000


Rs.
2,168,000
32,852,000
788,000


Rs.

8,971,000

14,829,000

5,788,000


Rs.

2,982,000

34,462,000

2,118.000


Total


26,944,000


35,808,000


29,588,000


39,552,000



TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.

The following statement, showing the values of the total imports
and exports of Trinidad and Tobago in the

Trade in 1906-7. years ended 31st March, 1906 and 190^7, is
taken from the report on the Colony recently

issued by the Colonial OflSce {Annual, No, 545) : —



Countries.


Imports.


Exports.


1905-6.


1906-7.


1903-6.

£
828,411
679,565*
851,042
261,672
648,012


1906-7.


United Kingdom

British Colonies

United States

VenezneU

Other countries


£ ; £
957,594 1 922,181
836,416 361,572
651,070 677,283
658,587 914,793
199,945 244.885


£
701,919
279,929
974,846
315,446
600,185


Total


3,303,611 j 8,120,717


3,168,706


2,872,325





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3S4



THB BOAJtD OF TRADE JOTTEN'AL. [Nov. 14, 1907.



Mitcellaneous,



GRENADA.

The following figures, showing the value of the imports and exports

(including specie) of Grenada in the. years 1905

Trade in 1906. and 1906, are taken from the report recently

published by the Colonial OflSce (Annual,

jVo. 546):—





Imports.


Bxpori».




1905.


1906.


1905.


1906.


United Kingdom

British Colonies

United States of America...
Other countries


&

100,082

64,557

69,526

3,091


86,631

67,242

66,897

2,678


£

181,970

7,049

58,995

35,941


A

119,902

7,245



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