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are all situated in the ** concelho " of Paredes, to the same " Soci6t^


See notice on p. 378 respecting the cultivation of cocoa in
V ^^M ^** Thome, and the possible extension of the

wrtmsers. ^^^ ^^ fertilisers there.


The ** Gaceta de Madrid " of 10th November contains a copy of a
-. ,, Decree authorising a concession for the pro-

Co^Sn^ longation of the railway from Valdepenas i

Lonsrmcnon. PuertoUano as far as Infantes.

The "Gaceta" of 12th November announces that tenders are
- , , invited for : — (a) The construction of an inter-

r Jm^i ^* ;i national telephone system with France, and for
construction and ^j^^ working of the inter-urban service of the
wormig. North-East; (6) the construction and working

of the North-West inter-urban service ; (c) the construction and
working of the South-East inter-urban service ; (d) the constrac-
tion and working of the South inter-urban service.

Tenders will he received at the " Registro de la direcci6n general
de correos y telegrafos," Madrid, up to* 3rd January, 1908 for (a).
18th December, 1907 for (b), 26th December, 1907 for (c). and

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Not. 21. 1907.] THE BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL. 355

Openings for British Trade.

11th January, 1908 for {d). Deposits of 120,000 pesetas (about
4,211Z.), 181,675 pesetas (about 6,357Z.), 144,695 pesetas (about
5,077i.), and 150,500 pesetas (about 5,281Z.) are required to
qualify tenders for (a), (6), (c) and (d) respectively. Local
representation is necessary.

Further particulars are given in the " Gaceta " which may be
seen at the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade,
73, Basinghall Street, London, E.G.


The "Gazzetta UfBciale" of 11th November announces that tenders

A Atirl a ^^^ invited for the installation and illumination

T ♦ v^\\ ^y acetylene gas, of the town of Monreale, at

instauation. ^j^^ estimated cost of 55,669 lire (about 2,226Z.)

with a reduction of 10,619 lire (about 425Z.) for certain works

already completed.

A deposit of 2,500 lire (about lOOZ.) is required to qualify any


The " Bollettino delle Finanze " of 7th November announces that

-. ., the " Consiglio dei lavori pubblici " have

r atrnct authorised the construction of a railway from

* Torrebelvicino to Recoaro, which will form

an important branch of the railway from Torre to Schio and


The same " Bollettino" announces that Signer ingeniero Francesco

_ , .. Fusco has made an application to the prefecture

p ^ PI ^ t. ^^ Syracuse for a concession for the appropria-

^"^^ tion of the water power from the river Anapo

for industrial purposes.

The same '* Bollettino " also announces that II comm. aw. Luigi
Albinelli has made an application to the local prefecture (Modena)
for a concession for the appropriation of the water power from the
river Secchia for irrigation purposes.


H.M. Consul at Palermo (Mr. S. J. A. Churchill) reports that

the Municipality of Terrasini, province of

Water Pipes. Palermo, invite tenders for the laying down of

an aqueduct for the bringing into Terrasini

of the water from the Piano del Re spring, distant some ten

kilometres from Terrasini, and for the works necessary for

distributing the water in Terrasini. The works have been

estimated to cost 112,169 lire (about 4,500Z.). A provisional

guarantee bond of 7,500 lire (300Z.) is required; the definite

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856 THE BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL. [Nov. 21, 1907.

Ofenings for British Trade,

ITALY-SICILY- cantinued.

guarantee bond will be calculated at one tenth of the price of the

Full particulars may be obtained from Avv. Orlando, No. 33 Via
Esposizione, Palermo, or from the Sindaco, Terrasini, to whom
communications should be addressed. Tenders will be opened on
the 2nd December.

A copy of the form of contract, forwarded by the Consul, may be
inspected by British firms at the Commercial Intelligence Branch
of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, E.G.

Tenders are also invited for the service of public and private
^ -^ , liehtinff in the commune of Caltanissetta by ffas

laying down of gas-pipes and the necessary
plant for working the same. A provisional guarantee bond of
10,000 lire (400J.) is to be deposited together with 4,000 lire (160Z.)
for expenses, in the Municipal Treasury. The final guarantee
required will amount to 25,000 lire (1,000^.).

Tenders will be opened on the 25th November by the Sindaco
at Caltanissetta, from whom farther particulars can be obtained.

With reference to the notice on p. 300 of the " Board of Trade

_ . ti 1 Journal*' for 15th August last respecting an

r 'r^i ^^f International Competition for Machinery for

mpe 1 ^ ' the Cultivation of Vineyards, it appears from

-. 1^ ®f^ ®J information since received from H.M. Consul at

cultivation Of p^iermo (Mr. S. J. A. Churchill, M.V.O.) that

ineyar . ^j^^ competition will be held at Palermo, and

that the date for the presentation of machines has been deferred to

March, 1908. Applications for admission must be addressed to

the "Direzione Generate deU'Agricoltura," Rome, and the

machines or apparatus for the competition should be sent to the

♦* Society di acclimazione e agricoltura Siciliana," Palermo.


The ** Lieferungswesen " of 10th November announces that tenders

are invited for the supply of paper in thirteen

Paper. qualities for three years from 1st March, 1908.

Tenders should be sent to the " K. K. Hof —

und Staatsdruckerei '* in Vienna, before 1st December, where also

particulars concerning the different qualities may be obtained.


The British Commercial Agent in the United States (Mr. E.
^ - , Seymour Bell) has forwarded a copy of Circular

Stem.wJieei j^^ ^qj ^f ^^le Isthmian Canal Commission
calling for tenders for the supply of one stem-


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No?. 21, 1907.J



Openings for British Trade,

wheel towboat for use on the Panama Canal. Sealed proposals in
triplicate will be received at the office of the General Purchasing
OfBcer, Isthmian Canal Commission, Washington, D.C., up to
10.30 a.m. on the 2nd December, 1907.

A copy of the specification may be seen by British firms at
the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73,
Basinghall Street, B.C.


The " Diario Oficial " of 24th October contains a copy of a Decree

- , authorising the " Empresa del Ferrocarril Indus-

p., p, . trial de Puebla" to import, free of duty, the

^"^^ material necessary for the conversion of the

line to electric traction.

The same " Diario " also contains notices of applications made to
Hvdro El ctric *^® Mexican Government by various persons for
PI t^ appropriating water fix>m certain rivers for

*^ , motive power. The following table gives par-

ticulars : —




8r. Manuel Pardo

St. Igoacio SepAlvedar

Sr. Raoul Bigot

Sr. Miguel I^nz Daret

Sr. Manuel Macias

El Ayuntamiento de Sabinas ...
Sr. Jos6 N. Macias

San Diego


Las Balsas

Grande de Atoyac
Abra de Caballeros







San Luis Potosf.




H.M. Consul at Santos (Mr. R. Casement, C.M.G.) writes in his
report for the year 1906 : —

*^ The import trade in cheese is largely on the increase, and is
chiefly in Dutch and Italian hands. Fairly
Cheese. good cheeses are made in Brazil, but the im-

ported varieties are in more general use, I

&ncy. There is room here for British competition.

*' An attempt was made some time ago to establish a cold storage

f\^K^A Qf * supply with consignments of game and fresh

II tTte ^^^ ^ ^® brought from the Argentine Republic,

^ * • but this eflfort fell through owing, it is said, to

Customs difficulties. The meat supplies in Santos are not good,

and it is probable that a second attempt of this kind might prove

a successful enterprise.

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858 THE BOAED OF TRADE JOURNAL. [Not. 21, 1907^

Openings for British Trade.

** Despite almost prohibitive duties, malted liquors are imported to
■R H ir MaA ^ ^®^ considerable extent, and in this item

jseers an Santos shows the most remai'kable increase of

Liquors. any port in Brazil for 1906. . . .

" Cement was imported at Santos to a value of 758,553 milreis in
1905 (as against 1,170,284 milreis in 1904)
Cement and 1,476,570 milreis in 1906.

*'The import trade in this article is now
almost solely a German one, and the amount used is likely to
greatly increase.

** A new company was registered in the beginning of 1907 under
the name of the ** Fabrica de Cimento Italo-Braziliera'* with the
object of manufacturing cement in the town of Rodovalho, in the
interior of the State of Sao Paulo. The headquarters of the com-
pany are to be in the city of Sao Paulo with a capital of 800,000

" Port and harbour works, railway extension and building generally

M f ' \ f P rt *^ *^^ matters of certain and speedy develop*

, „ , ment in a rich and prosperous community ; and

w!^V« rLi?^v ^*^^^® ^^'y ^^" \BJ^ge\y supply the labourers
worJM, icauway needed, it is likely that Germany and the

B oSIU^c ^"^^^ ^^^' *°^ possibly Belgium, will fur-
u oing, . j^gj^ much of the material, unless British enter-
prise should prove itself equally alert in this growing field."

The United States Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro in a recent
report called attention to the fact that there is
Heat Machinery, a demand there for meat machinery. He says
that the development of the sausage-making
industry is going on rapidly and the use of meat waste is more
general. Practically all the work is done in small establishments
and largely by hand. There are no supply houses dealing in
machinery and appliances peculiar to the meat trade. What
machinery is now sold is either handled in connexion with a
general line or is imported direct by the manufacturer.

Commenting on tiie foregoing report, the " Brazilian Review "
remarks that at present the sausage as understood in England is
not manufactured in Rio at all, and suggests that British manu-
facturers might do worse than start sausage making in Brazil^
as the Brazilians have a taste for this delicacy, whicn might b©
easily fostered if properly catered for.

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Openings for British Trade.


With reference to the notice on p. 599 of the *' Board of Trade
StMmbo&t • Journal" of 26th September, respecting a
. p ^ * decree anthorising the establishment of a line
A uorrection. ^^ steamboats on the Rio Negro, it should be

noted that the decree in question refers only to the establishment

of a ferry.



H.M. Consul at Lyons (Mr. E. Vicare) has forwarded particulars

- . « ftl of an International Exhibition of • electrical
ExMVti ^ f machinery and apparatus used in agriculture
^f ah^^'^i^ and industry, to be held at Lyons from the

MftcW^ &c ^®* *^ ^^^^ ^^^' ^^^^' ^^^®^ ^^ auspices

^*\l*^* ** of the Society of Agriculture, Science, and

a jons. Industries of that city. Applications for space

should reach the Offices of the Society, 30, Quai St. Antoine,

Lyons, before 15th February next.

Copies of the regulations, plan of the exhibition, and form of
application for space, forwarded by H.M. Consul, may be
obtained by intending British exhibitors at the Commercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall
Street, E.C.

With reference to the notice on p. 258 of the " Board of Trade

- « 1 Journal " of 7th November respecting the^^^^. Marseilles International Electrical Exhibition, .

Blectncal BxJntoi- ^j^^ g^^^ of Trade are informed by M. Jauflfret,

tiOE at marsemes, ^.j^^ representative in the United Kingdom of

the exhibition in question, that full particulars will be supplied by

him to intending exhibitors at his offices at 77, Fleet Street, E.C.

H.M. Consul at Calais (Mr. C. A. Payton) has forwarded a copy of

- . ti 1 *^® prospectus and plan of an International
-?- .^* ^ . Exhibition of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture

n^ • 1 0HQ and Art, to be held at Calais from the 19th April
Uaiais m l»u». ^ ^j^^ ^^^ October, 1908. Applications for

space should be addressed to the Director General of the Exhibition,

Boulevard Jacquard, Calais.
The prospectus and plan may be seen at the Commercial Intelli-

jifence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street,

London, E.C.

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360 THE BOABD OF TRADE JOUENAL. [Not. 21, 1907.


' A meeting of the Commercial Information Sab-Committee of
the Advisory Committee to the Board of Trade on Commercial
Intelligence was held on the 20th November at the oflSces of tha
Board of Trade in Whitehall Gardens, at 2.30 p.m., Mr. A. Wilson
Fox, C.B., being in the chair. There were also present: — SirF.
Forbes Adam, CLE., Sir Hngh Bell, Bart., Mr. C. A. Harris,
C.B., C.M.G., Sir T. W. Holderness, K.C.S.I., Mr. Algernon Law,.
Mr. D. A. Thomas, M.P., Mr. R. Thompson, Mr. G. J. Stanley,
C.M.G., and Mr. U. F. Wintour (Secretary). Mr. T. Worthington,
Principal of the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of
Trade, also attended the meeting.


A meeting of the General Advisory Committee was held on the
14th November, at the offices of the Board of Trade. Those
present were : — Mr. A. Wilson Fox, C.B. (in the Chair), The
Right Hon. Lord Avebury, Sir Hugh Bell, Bart., Sir Robert
Giffen, K.C.B., Professor S. J. Chapman, Mr. Sidney Webb, Mr.
M. Delevingne, of the Home Office, Mr. Q. J. Stanley, C.M.6., Mr.
H. W. Macrosty, and Mr. G. C. L. Maunder (Acting Secretary).

A meeting of the Advisory Committee for the Cotton and Liiie&
Trades was held on the 18th November at the Offices of the Board
of Trade. Those present were : — Mr. A. Wilson Fox, C.B.
(presiding); Mr. C. W. Macara; Mr. F. A. Hargreavee;
Mr. H. Higson ; Mr. J. Smethurst ; Mr. J. Taylor; Mr. E.Travis;
Professor S. J. Chapman ; Mr. G. J. Stanley, C.M.G. ; Mr. H. W.
Macrosty ; and Mr. G. C. L. Maunder (Acting Secretaiy).


Bulgaria.— H.M. Vice-Consul at Sofia (Mr. G. O'B. Tonlmm)
reports that while the new Bulgarian tarifl*, which was introduced
in order to increase the revenue and foster native industries, has
undoubtedly increased the cost of living throughout the country,
the rise in the retail prices of many categories of goods in con-
sequence of the heavy increase of duties has not had the effect
wmch was generally predicted, viz., that consumption would
largely fall off. A decade ago the Bulgarian, rather than pay a
high price, would have gone without ; but at the present time
there is a noticeable tendency, more especially among the towns-
folk, to buy goods of a better quality, and even articles which a
few years ago would have been reckoned as luxuries. The new tariff^
he says, should prove beneficial rather than detrimental to some
classes of British trade, for, duty being now charged on the

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Nov. 21, 1907.1 THE BOAIU) OF TRADE JOURNAL. 361

British Trade Abroad.

weight and not on the value, a better class of goods is being
graanally introduced into the country, and British wares, which
are generally more expensive in quality, and recognised as better
than foreign, are imported at the same rate as those which aro
cheaper and inferior.

Judging from the Bulgarian statistics for 1906, the new tariff,
while favouring the importation of hardware, cutlery, machinery,
&c., would appear to have an adverse effect on the importation of
woollen goods, boots and shoes, sole leather and leather for uppers,
ready-made clothes, linen, hats and furniture. A serious obstacle
to the development of foreign trade with Bulgaria must be noted in
the numerous cases of mis-classitication of imported goods which have
occurred since the enforcement of the higher Customs duties. The
Bulgarian Custom-house oflScial appears unable to discriminate
between ordinary goods and those of a better quality, and when in
doubt about any article he invariably taxes it according to the
higher rate. The importer, dissatisfied with this arbitrary pro-
cedure, after appealing — generally ineffectually — to the Ministry
of Finance, has recourse to the diplomatic representative of the
exporting country, and redress is obtained only after endless
worry and delay. The intervention of His Majesty's Consulate-
General has on numerous occasions been solicited by importers
of British textile goods, laundry soaps, &c.y and the majority of
these questions have been settled to the latter's satisfaction ; but
in other cases, such as coverings for merchandise, iron bedsteads,
&c., it has been found impossible to convince the officials in the
customs section of the Bulgarian Ministry of Finance of the
justness of the importers' claims.


The following particulars of the chemical manure trade of Egypt
are extracted from the October issue of the ** Journal of the British
Chamber of Commerce " of Egypt : —

A trade in Egypt which has been increasing by leaps and bounds
during the past three or four years, and which will undoubtedly
continue to do so for some time to come, is that of artificial ferti-
lisers. Statistics, which have been prepared from the Custom
House returns, show that in 1 902 the total imports of chemical
manures were 2,000 metric tons, valued at £E 13,000, whilst in
1906 the figures were nearly 13,000 metric tons, valued at over
£E 1,22,000. For the first nine months of 1907 the deliveries
amounted to 7,579 metric tons, valued at £E 76,907.

The following table shows the quantity and value of the imports
of chemical manures into Egypt from the various countries during
each of the last three years : —

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[Not. 21, 1907.

Chemi>cal Manure Trade of Egypt.

Imports of Chemical Maanref.








Quantity. Value.


United Kingdom
















































Apart from the influence of the Assouan Dam and other irriga-
tion works in largely increasing the area of cultivable land, and so
causing a bigger demand for manures, the main reason for the
recent rapid growth in the trade is the fact that the native is now
endeavouring to grow cotton once every two years instead of once
in three, and, consequently, finds that he must return something to
the land which will replace the nourishment taken out of it by the

Prior to the introduction of artificial fertilisers, the credit for
which is due almost entirely to the Elhedivial Agricultural
Society, the native mainly depended upon " Sabakh," that is to
say, the remains of old buildings, villages and cemeteries for his
manure. Such remains — generally in the form of small hills —
were found all over the Delta, but they are gradually becoming
appreciably scarcer, or too far away from the scenes of cultivation.
Other native manures are river and canal mud and stable refuse,
but these, together with " Sabakh," are totally insuflScient to meet
the requirements of the country, and it is considered, therefore, that
chemical manure imports are likely to still further develop.

For cotton, the native usually puts on each feddan (a little more
than an acre) 200 kilos, of superphosphates and from 80 to 90
kilos, of nitrogenous fertilisers, of which about two-thirds are
nitrate of soda and one-third sulphate of ammonia. Manures in
these proportions will cost about 180 piastres (Turkish) to 185
piastras (IZ. 16s. 11(/. to IZ. 175. lid.) delivered to any railway
station in Lower Egypt.

For wheat, the cultivator uses from 90 to 100 kilos, of nitrate of
soda per feddan. He can obtain this delivered to any station in
Lower Egypt from 115 piastres (Turkish) to 120 piastres {11. Ss. Id,
to IZ. 45. Id.) per feddan.

The prices of chemical manures vary considerably from time to
time, but the following may be taken as average rates : —

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Not. 21, 1907.] THE BOABD OF TRADE JOURNAL. 363

Chemical Manttre Trade of Egypt.

Nitrate of soda, 12Z. 10«. per ton, ci.f. Alexandria.

Snlphate of ammonia, 13L to 131. 5s. per ton, c.i.f. Alexandria.

Superphosphates, SL 2s. to 3/. 6s. per ton, c.i.f. Alexandria.

The above prices include the packing of the manures in double

The quality of superphosphates imported is that containing from
16 to 18 per cent, of phosphoric acid water and citrate soluble.

Owing to the very small Egyptian demand prior to last year, it
was found cheaper and more convenient to bring the nitrate of
soda from Chili to Belgium and then tranship to Alexandria
according to requirements. This largely accounts for the fact that
in 1905 Belgium had practically the whole of the Egyptian trade.
In 1906, the sales having increased so enormously, the Ehedivial
Agricultural Society of Cairo chartered two vessels and brought
full cargoes (besides having part cargoes on other ships) direct
from Chili to Alexandria, and the same process is being repeated
this year.

Belgium is the principal source of supply for superphosphates,,
the manures being actually prepared in that country. Glasgow
also ships a few superphosphates, but Antwerp does nearly the
whole of the trad^

In the case of sulphate of ammonia, the main port of shipment
is Glasgow, after which comes Antwerp.

Practically the only manures manufactured in Egypt are those
turned out by a Cairo company, such as " poudrette '* and other
sewago products. The company also work up various slaughter-
house products, such as dried blood, powdered hoof and horn and
ground bones. When these were first put on the market some
years ago, the company had great diflSculty in selling them, as the
native did not appreciate the value of artificial manures, and more*
over, was not in a good enough financial position to incur the
necessary expense. These difficulties, however, have now been
overcome, owing to the work done by the Khedivial Agricultural
Society in educating the natives in the use of fertilisers, and also
to the fact that the fellaheen can now afford to pay for the same.
The Khedivial Agricultural Society has interested itself in the
distribution of chemical manures during the past six or seven
years. With the object of assisting the Society in this work, the
Government between September and December, 1906, lent them
100,OOOZ. at 2 per cent, per annum interest.

Speaking on the above matter in his report for the year 1906,
Lord Cromer said that the whole of the 100,000Z. ** was employed
and reimbursed to the Society, which was thus in a position to
repay the Government. In view of the large amount of money
required in the future, the Government has informed the Society
that it is unable to advance further sums. The question thus
becomes one of ordinary commerce. So long as the Government
advanced money to the Society at a low rate of interest, and the
Society distributed manure at a profit of only 2 per cent., it was

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364 THE BOARD OF TEADE JOUHNAL. [Nov. 21, 1907.

Chmdcal Manure Trade of Egypt

obviously impossible for commercial enterprise to enter into com-
petition with the Society. In future the Society will not be able
to carry on the whole of this work as in the past. Commerce will,
it is hoped, gradually replace the Society, and, by selling at a
reasonable price, will induce cultivators to obtain their supplies
through this channel.''

The imports of chemical manures are allowed into the country
duty free, and special reduced rates are in force on the State Rail-
ways for carriage into the interior. It will thus be seen that the
Government is encouraging the native, as far as possible, to use
chemical manures.

There is no monopoly for the import of artificial fertilisers, and
any manufacturer or merchant is thus able to engage in the trade.


Online LibraryGreat Britain. Board of TradeBoard of Trade journal, Volume 59 → online text (page 60 of 112)