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is rapidly expanding.

Tea.— The quantity of tea exported in 1906 was 586,268 lb.,
valued at 24,288Z., while that of sugar amounted to over
50,000,000 lb., valued at more than 400,000Z.

Fruit. — This i^ustry is steadily growing. In 1906 the value
of the export w^ 127,000Z. The countries of destination have
hitherto been almost entirely confined to the South African
Colonies, but this year efforts, which appear to have been suc-
cessful, have been made to open up a market in the United King-
dom. It is reported that the citrous fruits have been successfhlly
established in the home markets. The more characteristic Coast
fruits, the banana and pineapple, have, however, not been so suo-
oessful, partly o§ acpount of freightage diflSculties, and partly
because other cou^itries supply similar articles more to the taste of
the English consumer. Undoubtedly there is a fine future for the
Natal fruit industry.

Aloe Fibre. — ^A new industry which has passed the experimental
stage is that of aloe fibre. Little can be said of the possibilities of
this new departure, but the present limited experience seems to
indicate that it should rival the bark industry in importance.



NORWAY.

H.M. Consul at Ohristiania (Mr. F. E. Drummond Hay) reports

* that the hay crops in South Norway are

Chrop BesultJi. ^ supposed to have considerably exceeded the

average, and in the west of the country a good



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Not. 28, 1907.] TH£ BOASD OF TRADE JOUBNAL. 428

Agriculture.

average will no doubt be obtained. The crops in the north are
considered to be equal to an average year. It must, however, be
bome-in mind that, owing to the unusually heavy rainfalls during
nearly the whole of the summer, the quality is not as good as
usual. The com crops, owing to the incessant rains, have suffered
greatly, and the output is now stated to be far below the average.
The import of grain alone is likely to increase by something like
25,000,000 kroner (about 1,388,800Z.) in value.

Potatoes all over the country are below the average, both in
quantity and quality. The crop of turnips is an average one, but
fimit in most districts is far below the average and in some cases
has turned out a complete failure.

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.

H.M. Consul at Rosario (Mr. H. M. Mallet) has forwarded a

- , - sample of cotton which is now being shipped

J^^ from that port for home markets. The cotton,

which is grown in Bella Vista, iii the Province

of C!orrientes, is said to be of excellent quality, and has been very

fovourably reported upon in England.

'I'he sample may be seen at the Commercial Intelligence Branch
of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, B.C.



MISCELLANEOUS.
UNITED KINGDOM.

The following persons nominated by local aathorities for the post

T Acto f ^^ Inspector of Weights and Measures have

^*J^fr'*^ ^. passed the examination provided for under

Wrtgnts ana ^j^^ g^j^ section of the Weights and Measures

Keasures. ^^^^ 1904:— E. Memmott, Sheffield; D. W.

Milne, Aberdeen ; A. 6. Quinlan, Kent ; J. Simpson, Sunderland ;

J. Todor, Birkenhead ; and E. J. Whitehead, Wakefield.

The number of bales of cotton imported into the United Kingdom

during the week ended the 21st November, 1907,

Cotton StalMdoi. was 183,188 (including 107 bales British West

Indian and 415 bales British West African)

and the number imported during the forty-seven weeks ended the

21st November was 4,040,672 (including 5,961 bales British West

Indian and 10,332 bales British West Amcan). As regards exports,

the figures are, for the week ended the 21st November, 4,478 bales,

and for the forty -seven weeks, 447,363 bales.

For further details see p. 427.



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424 THE BOABD OF TRADE JOUEXAL. [Nov. 28, 1907.

Miscellaneous,

NETHERLANDS.

With reference to the notice on pp. 574-5 of the "Board of
.^. . - Trade Journal " of the 19th September, relative

warning tne ^ ^ scheme for draining a large portion of the
Zuyder zee. Zuyder Zee, the Board of Trade have now
received, through the Foreign OfiSce, from H.M. Gharg6 d'A&ires
at the Hague, a copy and translation of a Bill relating to the
project, which has been presented to the Second Chamber of the
States General, together with a copy and prieU of a memorandum
in explanation of the proposed measure, which was at the same
time furnished to the Chamber. The Bill provides for the con-
struction of a dyke from the North Holland coast through the
Amsteldiep to the Wieringen Island, and for the enclosure and
draining of that part of the Zayder Zee known as the Wieringen
Lake. The total cost of the undertaking is estimated at twenty-
three million florins, and the time to be occupied in carrying out
the work at nine years.

The text of the Bill (with translation) and the explanatory
memorandum (with prScis) may be consulted at the Commercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street,
EC.

FRANCE.

With reference to the notice on p. 132 of the " Board of Trade
-^^ . - Journal " for 18th January, 1906, respecting the

Frd^** Sid^ f prevention of fraudulent sales and adulteration
1? i^^Tflt? ^ ^^ foodstuffs and of agricultural produce in
Fooottnltt. France, the French " Journal Officiel" of

14th November contains a copy of a Presidential Decree appoint*

ing officials to inspect laboratories and establishments where

pharmaceutical and alimentary products are sold.



BULGARIA.

The British Vice-Consul at Sofia (Mr. G. O'B. Toulmin) reports
^ . that no efforts are being spared by the Bulgarian

Ctovemment Government to promote the industrial, com-
and Municipal ^^^^^^j^ ^^ agricultural welfare of the Princi-
Jfinterpnse. pality, and, besides the Law for the Encourage-
ment of Native Industries, and the Law regulating the hours of
labour for women and children in factories and workshops, which
were passed in 1905, various other measures dealing with the
appointment of a larger number of factory and agricultural
inspectors, the insurance of workmen and the penalties to be in-
flicted on those attempting to create strikes, wera voted by the
Sobranie in 1906 ; whUe, at the beginning of the same year, that



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Kov. 28, 1907.] THB BOASD OF TRADB 70t7ANAX.. 425

Misedlaneous.

assembly authorised the expenditure of 800,0007. for the construc-
tion of new roads throughout the country and for the repair of
those already in existence. Practical courses in tailoring, boot and
shoe making, weaving, masonry, dyeing, pottery, <fec., have been
instituted under the supervision of the Chambers of Commerce.
Agricultural schools, too, with model farms attached, have been
established, where instruction is given in viticulture, apiculture,
fruit and silk growing, and poultry rearing, and the State Agri-
cultural Bank sells to the peasantry oxen, seeds, agricultural
machinery and implements at cost price, and accords them long
terms of credit for repayment.

Great pains are being taken by the municipal authorities to
improve and embellish their respective towns. The principal
streets in the capital have been paved, public baths are being con-
structed at a cost of 60,000/., and the State theatre has been
inaugurated. The municipality of Philippopolis has granted a
concession to a Belgian syndicate for the exploitation of tramways
and electric light. The power station will be at Stanimaka, 12
miles distant, which will also be connected with Philippopolis by
tram. The necessary supply of water will be brought down from
a ravine, at the foot of which the former town is situated, by a
conduit 2} miles in length, and blasting operations are now being
actively pushed forward. The fall of water will be 200 feet, giving
6,000 horse-power to the engines. It is expected that trams will
be running by the end of 1908. The town of Varna has
recently concluded a loan of 320,000Z. for waterworks, drainage and
street paving, and electric light and tramways are to follow.



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The Commercial Secretary to H.M. Embassy at Washington
CliMtn t ISrtrft t ^®P^^** ^^^^ *^® manufacture of so-called chest-
^ -, . nut extract is said to be^ assuming considerable

^^* proportions in the Southern States of America,
^nd to be superseding to a large extent the use of bark for
tanning. Since May last, a leading purchasing association in
which many leather concerns are interested, with headquarters at
Grand Kapids, Michigan, is said to have placed orders for
2,200,000 dols. worth of extract. One of the advantages of the
extract lies in the more economical and expeditious handling of it.
In an hour and a half a tank car of the extract can be automatically
emptied into the storage vats ; this amount of extract is equivalent
to twelve car loads of bark, which it would take two men four days
to handle. The extract, moreover, is ready for immediate use,
whereas the grinding and bleaching of the bark would take a
week.



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426 THE BOABD OF TRADE JOTJBNAL. [Nov. 28, 1907.

Miscellaneous.

UNITED STATES OP AMERICA- ^^^^^i^^^^.

The Commercial Secretary also reports that the black and tupelo

^ , ^ gums, which grow in great quantities in the

p^ vf^ ^' l^ismal Swamp and the low coastal regions

Pavmg. ^£ ^YiQ Southern States, have hitherto been

neglected as useless. It is now stated that their toughness

renders them very suitable for wood-paving, and a New York

wood-paving company, which is now dealing almost exclusively in

them, has set up a three-cylinder treatment plant at Norfolk,

Virginia, for creosoting the blocks.



MEXICO.

H. M. Legation in Mexico has forwarded particulars of a con-

j. , . cession granted by the Mexican Government

p *^ .^ to Messrs. J. P. Brittingham, P. de la Peiia, and

toncession. j^ q^^^ ^^^ ^^^ establishment, either at Tor-

reon, in the State of Coahuila, or at Gomez Palacio, in the State
of Durango, of a bank belonging to the class known as ** Bancos
Befaccionarios." These banks, of which there are three or four in
the Republic, were instituted under the Banking Law of 1897 for
the purpose of loaning capital for the development of agricultural,
mining and industrial enterprises, in cases where a temporary
increase of funds might be required for a comparatively short
period, without the formalities of executing a mortgage on the
property.

The capital of the bank has been fixed at 6,000,000 dols.
(about 612,000Z.). A branch is to be opened either at Torreon or
at Gomez Palacio, according to which of these towns may eventu-
ally be selected as the site of the Head Office, and a second branch
at San Pedro, in the State of Coahuila. The Concession has been
granted for a period of fifty years from 1897.



JAPAN.

H.M. Commercial Attach6 at Yokohama (Mr. E. F. Crowe) has

- g, . , forwarded some specimens of frog-skins, of

-J ? * which it appears that more than forty-nine

bpecimeng on thousand (valued at 6,199 yen*) were exported

^®^' from Yokohama during 1906. They are said

to be shipped chiefly for the purpose of being polished, dyed and

made into purses, pocket-books, &c.

The specimens received from Mr. Crowe (with particulars of
price, &c.) may be seen at the Commercial Intelligence Branch of
the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, E.C,

♦ Yen=2#. Old.



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Nov. 25, 1907.]



THE BOABD OF TEADE JOURNAL.



427



STATIST ICAL TABLES.

Cotton Setnrns.
Retani of the MomboF of Bales of Cotton Imported and Kxported at the
Yarloni Porti of the United Kingdom during the Week and 47 Weeki
ended 2l8t November, 1907 >-





Weekended

2l8t Nov.;

1907.


47 Weeks
ended

2l8t Nov.,
1907.


Weekended

2lBt Nov.,

1907^


47 Weeks
ended

2lBt Nov.,
1907.




IMPOBTB.

(Bales.)


BZFOBTS.

(Bales.)


American ••• ••• •••

Braiilian

Bast Indian

Bffyptian

Misoellaneoos


No.

150,818

1,164

220

25,080

♦5,906


No.

3,010,365
192,356
199,985
461,095

i 146,871


No.

2,121

850

517

940

50


No.
228,219

18,126

77,236
111,894

11,888


Total ...


183,188


4,040,672


4,478


447,363



» Inclnding 107 bales British West Indian and 415 bales British West African.
t „ 6,961 „ „ „ „ 10,332 „ „ „



Com Pricei.
Statement showing the Iverage Price of British Com, per quarter ol
8 bushels, Imperial Measure.* as received from the Inspectors and Officers of
Bzcise in the week ended 23rd November, 1907, and corresponding weeks of the
seven previous years pursuant to the Com Betums Act, 1882.



Average Prioe.




Wook ended 2drd NoTember, 1007
Corresponding week in^

1900 ... ••• ... •••

xyui ... ... ... ...

IVvSi ..* ... ... .••

IVUw ... ••• ... ...

1VU4 ... •.. ... ...

^WO .a. ... ... ...

xyue ... ... ..• ...



«.


d.


i. d.


34


7


27 5


27





25 9


27


I


26 9


25





24 11


26


6


23 11


30


5


24 4


28


5


24 6


26


3


24 1



t, d.

18 9



17 2

18 9
17

15 11

16 1

17 9
17 3



* Beotion 8 of the Oom Betums Act, 1882, provides that where returns of
purchases of British Oom are made to the local inspector of Com Betums in any
other measure than the Imperial bushel or by weight or by a weighed measure that
officer shall convert such returns into the Imperial bushel, and in the case of weight
or weighed measure the conversion is to be made at the rate of sixty Imperial
pounds for every bushel of wheat, fifty Imperial pounds for every bushel of barley,
and thirty-nine Imperial pounds for eveiy bushel of oats.



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428



XHB BOASD or TKADB JOVXKJJs.



[KoT.28,1907



Import! of Agrionltoral Prodnea into the United Kingdom,
JLoooant showiiur the Qnantltiee of certain kindi of IgFiealtoral ProdiiM
imported into the United Kingdom in the week ended 23rd Norember, 1907,
together with the quantities imported in the correBponding week of the
previooB year.



Weekended

28rd Nov.,

1907.



1906.



Animals, living :—
Oxen, bolle, cows, and calves

Sheep and lambs

Swina

Horses

Fresh Meat :—
Beef (indoding refrigerated and frosen)
Mutton „ „ „

„fork „ „ „

Baited or preserved meat : —

fiscon

Beef

Hams ... ... ... ...

Pork

Meat, nnennmerated, fre«h

„ ., salted

„ preserved otherwiee than by salting
(including tinned and canned)
Dairy produce and substitutes :—

Butter

Margarine

Cheese ... ... ... ... •••

Milk, fresh, in cans or drums
„ cream ... ... ... ...

„ condensed

„ preserved, other kinds

5^?

Poultry

Game

Rabbits, dead (fresh and frozen)

Lard

Com, grain, meal, and flour :—

Wheat

Wheat meal and flour

Barley

Oats

Peas

Beans

Maixe or Indian com

Fruit, raw :—

Apples

Apricots and peaches



Cherries

Currants

GkK)seberries

Grapes

Lemons

Oranges

Pears

Plums

Strawberries

Unenumerated ...

Hay

Straw

Mojs Liuer

Hops

Locust Beans
Vegetables, raw : —

Onions

Potatoes

Tomatoes

Unenumerated ...
Yeoetables, dried ...

Preserved by canning .



Number.



Cwts.



Cwts.



Cwts.



Qri, tfnndr.
Value £

Cwts.



Cwts.



Cwts.

Bunchei
Cwts.



Tons.



Cwts.



Bushels.
Cwta.

Vali!e£
Cwts.



8,946
2^11

190

85,549
61,668
11,927

97,503
1,740

23,130
4,446

11,835
1.078

10,750



69,856
16,694
39,590

6:^

17,174

260

894,717

5,871

8,879

18,711

47,800

2,178,200
308,500
785,800
245,000
71,180
7,000
987,600

235,901

267

99,202



86,215

15,300

217,979

5,818

394

1,690
1,444
1,645
1,677
8,666
5,246

160,581

868,070

19,784

4,820

14,714

7,066



11,577
99$

187

S7fi8i
50,197

90fiU

1,904

13^

iJ9B3

lO^S



68^
43,46i



13^

2i7

372yit3

8fiti

3^



3t;a$

1,743JK0
298^00

443,700

98^10

7^

783fiOO

198fi81

90,480



isjao

Vfi9l

70^

6^

397

SU
9^577



93Xfil2
9PU



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Not. 28, 1907.] THB BOABD OF TRADB JOTTRNAL. 429

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS.

TBADE BETUBNS OF THE XTNITEB KINODOM.

The Monthly Accounts relating to the Trade and Navigation of
the United Kingdom for the month of October, 1907, have been
published. The accounts, which are issued on the 7th or 8th of
each month, may be purchased at a cost, in the present instance,
of la. 3d. per copy, either dii'ectly or through any bookseller, from
Messrs. Wyman & Sons, Fetter Lane, E.G., and 32, Abingdon
Street, S.W. ; or Messrs. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh ; or Edward
Ponsonby, 116, Grafton Street, Dublin.

Attention is further called to the fact that the ** Annual
Statement of the Trade of the United Elingdom with Foreign
Countries and British Possessions" for the year 1906, in two
volumes and a Supplement, may be purchased at a cost of 6s. 8d.
for the first volume, 3s. 4d. for the second volume, and 3«. 9d. for
the Supplement, at any of the addresses enumerated above. This
publication, which contains much more detailed and exhaustive
information than can be given in the Monthly Accounts, gives
Abstract Tables for the years 1902-1906, and detailed statements
of imports and exports of each article (from and to each country)
in the first volume, in the second volume details as to customs
revenue, transhipments, and articles in bond, and particulars of
the trade of the United Kingdom with each foreign country, and
in the Supplement, Abstract and detailed tables showing countries
of consignment of imports, and countries of ultimate destination
of exports.

BOABB OF TRADE LABOUE GAZETTE.

The " Board of Trade Fiabour Gazette "* is published by the
Board of Trade on the 16th of each month. "Hie following are
among the more important articles which appear in the November
issue : — State of the Labour Market in October ; Railway Dis-
pute, Terms of Settlement ; Mines and Quarries in 1906 ; Bules
of Conciliation Boards ; Proceedings of Distress Committees in
1906-7 ; and Conciliation Cases.

COLONIAL OFFICE REPORT.

A report from the following British Colony has been issued by
the Colonial Office since the last number of the " Board of Trade
Journal," viz. : —

No. 548. Fiji

OTHER GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS.

Aimtud Statement of tlie Trade of the United Kingdom vnth
Foreign Countries and British Possessions, 1906. Supplement to
Vols. I. arid 11. [Cd. 3,687.] Price 3s. 9(1.

This volume contains abstract and detailed tables showing
countries of consignment of imports and countries of ultimate
destination of exports, compiled in the Statistical OflSce of the
Custom Houso, with a prefatory memorandum drawn up in the

* It can be purchased through any newsagent, price Id,

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480



THE BOABD OP TRADE JOITSNAL. [Not. 28, 1907.



OovemmerU PublicaiUmt.



Commercial Department of the Board of Trade. In Vols. I. and II.
of the "Annual Statement of Trade/' imports are generally
classified as received from the countries whence they were shipped
direct to the United Kingdom, and exports to countries possessing
no seaboard are credited to the country in which the port of dis-
charge is situated. The present volume also contains statements
of the consignments from each country retained for consumption
in the United Kingdom, or the "special** imports from each
country into the United Kingdom.

The following table shows the value of the merchandise consigned
to the United Kingdom in 1906 from foreign countries and British
Possessions, and the value of such consignments retained in the
United Kingdom, as compared with the preceding year : —





Value of merchandise consigned to the
United Kingdom.




Total Value.


Value of the consignments




retained in the
United Kingdom.




1905.


1906.


1905.


1906.


From Foreign Countries ...

„ Brifcish PosneBsions and
Protectorates


£
438,368,020

126,651,897


467,974,167
139,914,333


395,677,416
91,616,074


422,961,139
99,881,715


Total


565,019,917


607,888,500


487,240,004*


522,786,020t



* After deducting 53,485Z., the value of certain merchandise re-exported which
was of unknown origin.

s t After deducting 66,834^, the value of certain merchandise re-exported which
was of unknown origin.

Statistical Abstract for the Prindpdl andotJter Foreign Countries
in each year from 1895 to 1904-5. [Cd. 3,291.] Price Is 6d.

This is the thirty-third issue of this Abstract, which is prepared
annually in the Commercial, Labour and Statistical Department
of the Board of Trade, antl contains statements in regaid to the
trade, navigation, agriculture, railways, telegraph and telephone
systems, finance, mineral production, Ac, of the principal foreign
countries for a series of years, the information in each case being
carried down to the latest year — in the majority of cases 1905—
for which data have been received in the Board of Trade from the
statistical departments of the various Foreign Governments. New
tables appear in the present issue dealing vrith the import and
export trade of Servia, and summarising the foreign trade of
Spain.



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Not. 28, 1907.] THE BOAED OP TEADE JOUENAL. 431

Government Publications.

Report on Changes in Rates of Wages and Hours of Labour in the
United Kingdom in 1906, with Comparative Statistics for 1897-
1905. [Cd. 3,713.] Price 9d.

This volume is the fourteenth of a series of Annual Reports
compiled in the Labour Department of the Board of Trade, dealing
with the changes in the market rates of wages and recognised
hours of workpeople in the United Kingdom for a full week's
work, exclusive of overtime.

The upward tendency in wages that began in the second half of
1905 continued throughout 1906, showing, for the first time since
1900, a total net increase in wages as compared with the preceding
year.- The considerable net increase in 1906 was due to a large
extent to advances in wages in the coal mining industry. At the
same time, important advances also took place in the textile group
and in the metal, engineering and shipbuilding trades. The changes
in rates of wages during 1906 resulted in net advances in all the
principal groups of trades, with the exception of building and
quarrying.

Passengers to and from places out of Europe, October. [Cd.
3,335-IX.] Price ^d.

This return shows the numbers and nationalities of the pas-
sengers that left, or arrived in, the United Kingdom for or from
places out of Europe, and the net balance of such passengers
outward or inward, during .the month and ten months ended
31st October, 1907, compared with the corresponding periods in
.1906.

During the ten months ended 31st October, 1907, the total
number (provisional) of passengers that left the United Kingdom
for places out of Europe was 572,274, as compared with 497,521
during the corresponding period of 1906, and the total number
(provisional) that arrived in the United Kingdom from places out
of Europe during the first ten months of 1907 was 225,702, as
compared with 193,354 during the corresponding period of 1906.
The balance of the total movement shows that the number of pas-
sengers that left the United Kingdom for places out of Europe
exceeded the number of passengers that amved in the United
Kingdom from places out of Europe by 346,572 during the first
ten months of 1907, as compared with a similar excess of 304,167
flnring the corresponding period of 1906.



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432



THB BOABD OF T&ADB JOUBNAL. [Not. 28, 1907.



Government PtMieaiion$.



LI8T OF FOREIOK OFFIGB RBP0RT8.

Thb following Reports of H.M. Diplomatic and Consular Officers,
which have been issued in the AnTHiai and MiflcellaiieoilB Series since
the Ist Januarj, 1907, may be obtained from Messrs. Wyman & Sons,
Fetter Lane, E.G.




3900

8899

8869

663



8763

8918
6S6



664

8741

8746

8862
659



8936
8812
8788
8791
8886
8779
8780
8941

8848
8768
8891
3908

8930
8807
8904
8806
8769
3866
8840
8764
3778
3877
3870
3808



EUROPE—

JLattria-HimgaFy :

Austria-Hungary ...1906 l^d.

Fiume 1906 \d.

Trieste 1906 2d.

State encouragement to
Industry m Hungary ... l^i^.

Belgium:

Antwerp — Shipping and
Navigation 1906 24^.

Belgium ... 1906-7 4i.

Precautions taken in Bel-
gium to combat Anky-
Mstomiasis \\d,

Coal Mining Industry in
Belgium 16\d.

Denmark

Denmark— Finances, 1903-4
and 1904-6 Id.

Denmark — Trade and Ship-
ping (supplementary) 1905 Id.

Denmark 1906 2K

Banish system of Taaation Id

France and Colonies:

...1906
...1906
...1906
...1906



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