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portation or re-manufacturing

Cmh-Uned waterproof wrapping paper^ con-
sisting of paper with a coating of pitch, and
having attached thereto a cotton fabric to give
strength and security to the article, dutiable as
a manufacture of paper

Persian berry extract^ dutiable as a non-enumer-
ated manufactured article

Small sUhflagSj mounted on wooden sticks about
i) inches in length, dutiable as manufactures
oC silk, not as toys

Bvjing sticks, composed of a strip of pine upon
whidi is fastened a piece of leather, leather the
component material of chief value, dutiable as
manufactures of leather and not as brushes ...

Watch chains composed of white metal are
commonly known as jewellery, and swivels
made of the same material and de8ig;ned for
use in the manufacture of watch clmins are
parts of jewellery



679

407
Section 6

891
450

484



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85 % «i «aZ.
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60% n



CHINA.

With reference to the notice appearing at p. 468 of the " Board of
Period! for Trade Journal " for the 5th September, relative



BetiumiBg
Exemption
Certiflcatas.



to the issue of certificates exempting foreign
goods from the payment of consumption duty
(likin) in the inland open marts of Manchuria,
the Board of Trade understand, from information
received through the Foreign Office, that the native Customs
Authorities at such marts have orders to return the certificates in
question, after the arrival and due verification of the goods^ to the
Maritime Customs by whom the certificates were issued. In the
case of goods conveyed by rail from the maritime ports to the
inland marts the certificates are to be returned within one month
from the date of issue, but where the goods are conveyed by cart or
boa\ and also where they are taken to the more remote marts, the
certificates are to be returned within two months.



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26 THB BOABD OF TEADE JOVtOfJLL. [Oct 8, 1907.

SHIPPING AND TRANSPORT.

NEW ZEALAND.

A supplement to the '* New Zealand Gbzette " of Ist August

Haw Sailw& contains the text of new regulations and

RatM d^ amended scales of rates and charges on the

RfiffnlatioiiM ^®^ Zealand Government Bailways which
itegmanons. ^^^ j^^ f^^^^ ^^ jg^j^ September.

The ''Gazette" may be seen at the Commercial Intelligence
Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, E.G.

BAHAMAS.

The Board of Trade have received, through the Colonial 0£5ce, a

AiU- 4- .y.4 M4 1. ^Py ^f ^^ ^^ (^^' 7 ^^ 1907) to establish an

InS ^idar I^ter-Insular Mail Service in the Bahamas. It

ir '\ fiArvi empowers the Governor in Council to establish

^^ a Mail Service between Nassau and the out

Islands, and also to cause contracts to be made for this purpose.
The text of the Act may be seen at the Commercial Intelligence

Branch of tlie Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, B.C.

GERMANY.

H.M. Consul at Munich (Mr. L. Buchmann) reports that the

A ' ir { h ^^^^^^ State Railways have established in

f^^tJr ^ Munich an OflScial European General Agency.

a^tft siil *^ The duty of this agency is to watch over the

•K«*^'^y • export and transport of Italian goods and to

make contracts and purchases throughout Europe on behalf of the

Italian State Railways.

The French Consul at Bremen, in a recent report, states that the
Pr "fict f authorities at that port have decided to put

^ .'I into immediate execution a project for the con-

— , - stroction of an industrial and commercial port

J. below Bremen, with the object of creating a

remen. large centre for establishing industries, especially

those connected with export t»^e. This port will consist, accord-
ing to the report, of a lonj^ basin, loined by five floating docks, of
finom 340 to 1,100 metres in length, which will be surrounded by
roads and railways running in direct connexion with the principal
Bremen lines. In order to avoid the variations of the tide, a lock
gate is to be constructed, so as to close the basins on the river side.

FRANCE-ALGERIA,

The Acting British Consul-General at Algiers (Hon. H. C. Dundas)

tr ^ xi M has forwarded copies of new Decrees relating to

V^^ vaccination m Algeria, from which it appears

I>«^^"^*»- that immigrants must all be vaccinated^n

entering the country, unless they can produce a certificate to the



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Oet S, 1907.] THB BOAUO OF TEADB JOVKNAL. 27

Skipping and Transport.

effect that they have already been treated. The shipping company
is expected to defray the expenses thus incurred and must pay a
tax of 50 centimes per person vaccinated.

The word immigrant refers only to immigrants properly speak-
ing, and it is recommended that the captains of boats landing
immigrants in Algiers should be prepared with a document stating
whetiier third and fourth class passengers have been vaccinated
or not, which they can present to the sanitary authorities upon
arrival.



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The Acting British Consul at Savannah (Mr. A. Harkness) reports

T « •B-11 that on 3rd September an acreement was

^?^;2Lr^ entered .into betw^n cotton shippers and 8hip

to Shi' ^t^^ agents at that port, by which it will in future

olSd^ ^ necessary for cotton to be on the docks

^^^^*^ before bills of lading are issued for it.



CHINA.

The Board of Trade have received, through the Foreign OflSce,

Tf ht% d copies of regulations made by H.M. Minister

TMTflSL*^ at Peking relating to harbour and pilotage

itMrni ?L?^^ A. arrangements at Foochow, and harbour arrange-

.Mgoiations a ments at Santuao. These regulations may be

a^^ *^ consulted at the Commercial Intelligence

saatoao. Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall

Street, E.C.

With reference to the notice on p. 614 of last week's " Board of

frsifflit RatAfl Trade Journal," reporting an announcement by

iSi So ^ ^ ^^^ Japanese Railway Authorities to the effect

^e Gk>utn ^^ ^ ^^^ g^l^ ^£ fp^jgi^i; YSiteB on the South

c unaa Manchurian (Japanese) railway was to come

^^^' into force on the 18th July, with no preferential

rate in favour of Dalny, a further dispatch has been received from

EM. Consul-General at Mukden (Mr. H. E. Fulford, C.M.G.)

reporting that rates to Dalny are now given as cts. 3^, 2^ and

^A P^^ ^^ P^^ ™^^ ^^^ ^^^f second and third class goods

respectively.



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28 THB BOAUO OF TEADB lOWBfAL. [Oct. 3, 1107.



MINERALS, METALS AND MACHINERY.

OEYLON.

The Colonial Office have issued a report [Cd. 3,762*] by Professor
. Wyndham R. Dunstan, P.R.S., on the resalts of

jwponon the Mineral Survey of Ceylon in 1905-6. The

JUnerai Burvey. ^^^^^^ ^j^^^ j^ ^^ continuation of Cd. 3,190
of 1906 (see pp. 366-7 of the " Board of Trade Journal " of the
22nd November last), deals with the composition and value of the
minerals collected by the officers of the Survey in Ceylon or for-
warded to the Imperial Institute by commercial firms or residents
in the island.

Attention has again been given to the examination of localities
in which minerals containing thorium may occur, especially the
beds of streams and rivers, and preliminary results of much im-
portance have been obtained. l%e river gravels have in many
instances been proved to contain not only the valuable minerals
thorianite, monazite and thorite, but gold in addition.

The other minerals of commercial importance dealt with in the
report are tinstone (not yet found in large quantity), galena, and
molybdenite. Of great interest also is the occurrence of platinum,
found for the first time in Ceylon, near Karawita.

The mineral survey of Ceylon has now been sanctioned by the
Secretary of State for the Colonies, on the recommendation of the
Government of Ceylon, for a further term of three years under the
supervision of the Director of the Imperial Institute, and in
collaboration with the Scientific and Technical Department of the
Institute. {Colonial Reports, MisceUaneotis, No. 42.)

CAPE OP GOOD HOPE.

The " Cape of Good Hope Government Gazette ** of 10th
U September contains the text of an Act (No.

MinS^lAw ^^ ^^ ^^^^) ^ amend the mineral law of
Auungijaw. ^j^^ Colony.

The ** Gazette ** may be seen at the Commercial Intelligence
Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, London, E.C.

RUSSIA.

Referring to the recent opening of a bureau under the Board of

Affriculturftl Agriculture in St Petersburg, for studying

■^5^, . the improvement of agrarian machinery, the

^IJ^®^ "Commercial and Industrial Gazette" (St.

Petersburg) states that the number of houses

interested in this branch of trade is considerable, but no office

existed hitherto which could give attention to spreading the use

of improved machinery among the people. This want is now

supplied by the new bureau, and is managed by Russian agricultural

* Obtainable from Messrs. Wyman k Sons, Ltd., Fetter Lane, S.C., on payment
of 2id.



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Oct. S, 1907.] THE BOAXD OF TRADE JOUSNAL. 29

Minerals, Metals, and Machinery.

experte in connexion with the Agricoltaral Museum and varioue
testing stations. This bureau is in touch also with other institu-
tions of a like nature abroad, and it is ready to| reoeive every kind
of information about agricultural machinery, including catalogues
and price lists.

VENEZUELA.

The Acting British Vice-Consul at Caracas (Mr. A. Cherry) has

forwarded a sample of talc that he has received

Sunpld of Talc from an engineer who states that he would

undertake to ship 3,000 tons per month similar

to sample £o.b. at La Guaira at a price of 55 bolivars per ton.

The sample may be examined by British firms interested at the
Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basing-
hall Street, E.C.



AGRICULTURE.



UNITED KINGDOM.

T\i« ^cee of British com per quarter of 8 bushels, as received
from the inspectors and officers of Excise
Con Frieet. in the week ended the 28th September, 1907,
were as follows : —
Wbeat ••• ••• ••• ••• 31tf. od.

Barley 2os, Sd.

Oats ••• ... ••• ••• ITs* 8d.

For farther particulars see p. 36.

A statement is published on p. 37, showing the quantities of
Xmnorti f AoTi- *^® various descriptions of agricultural produce
i*iiu«i 11,.-^**'*" iinported into the United Kingdom during the
mxmi Froduce. ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 28th September, 1907, as well

as of the imports during the corresponding week of 1906.

PORTUGAL-ANGOLA.

The following information regarding the prospects of cotton

i. ^ cultivation in Angola* is taken from the report

tsM^ ty H.M. Consul at Loanda (Mr. H. G. Mackie)

wuttvation. recently pubUshed by the Foreign Office.

{Annual Series, 3,928) :—
"Cotton flourishes in Angola, where it is indigenous, but its

* As noted on p. 140 of the ** Boanl of Trade Journal '* of the 18th April last, a
"■UDple of Angola cotton seed has been received from H.M. Consul at Ix)anda, and
°^7 be seen at the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade,
73, 6in[Qg]ui]i street, London, E.C.



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BO THE BOAAD OF TKADB JOTTSNAL. [Oct. 8, 1M7.

AgiriouUure.

cultivation is neglected. The soil is admirably adapted to thb
cotton plant, particnlarly the sugar cane fields. They are irrigated
and the soil is of allu?ial nature. These fields are situated in the
coast belt bordering the numerous rivers along the coast that
empty into the ocean. The cotton fields th'at do exist here and
there are small in area, and the plants are not attended to, except
at harvesting time, when the cotton is picked and the trees are left
uncared for until the next picking. Better results would be
obtained by the ordinary agriculturist were he to cultivate the
plant as an annual, but he would doubtless think it an absurd
thing to do. His cotton plants are shrubs, or frequently tree-like,
of ten or more years of age.

The cotton spinner in Portugal treats the Angola products as of
one quality and ofiers no inducement to the planter to cultivate a
superior article. . . .

" Endeavours are now being made to revive the industry by
creating committees, through the medium of the Portuguese
Commercial Associations, for promoting its culture and sale, and
by granting lands for cotton growing on more advantageous terms
than hitherto. Experimental stations for the production of seeds
are to be organised at Government expense unless undertaken by
private initiative, and machines and implements used for cotton
cultivation, as well as seeds, are now admitted duty free.

" A British firm has experimented with Brazilian seed, and has
succeeded in producing cotton long in staple and of an excellent
quality. . . .

** The Decree releasing this industry from excessive taxation
(see Board of Trade Journal of 5th September, p. 475) is a
step in the right direction, but if the system of artificially
drawing the products of this colony into the Lisbon market by
means of preferential duties is to be applied to this article, any
direct trade with foreign countries will be paralysed, and the
advantages accorded to the industry under the recent enactment
counteracted in no small measure."



GREECE.

H.M. Minister at Athens has forwarded a despatch from the

British Delegate on the International Financial

Currant Crop. Commission respecting the Greek currant crop,

reporting that the crop for this season promised

to be abundant and was estimated at from 320 to 330 million

Venetian pounds as against 280 to 300 million last year. During

the drying period, however, torrential rains caused considerable

damage and the quantity of currants in good condition is now put

at 290 millions (136000 tons).



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Oct. 3, 1907.] THE BOAJID OF TRADE JOUBNAL. 31

Agriculture.

The Privileged Company wished to avail themselves of an article
in the charter enabling them, subject to Government consent, to
accept the retention duty and tax — ^amounting to 35 per cent, of
the currants exported — either in kind or in money at the rate of
115 drachmas per 1,000 Venetian pounds. The growers, however,
being naturally opposed to this arrangement, it was decided, after
considerable discussion, that until the export had attained
140,000,000 pounds the 35 per cent, tax should be paid in kind,
but that afterwards the growers should have the choice of paying
either in kind or in money.

The yield of last year's crop was, as usual, below the amount
estimated, totalling 135,500 tons as against 160,500 tons in 1905.

108,700 tons of currants were shipped from Greece during the
season August, 1906 — August, 1907 and were distributed as
follows: — to the United Kingdom and Australia, 62,500 tons
as against 65,700 in 1905-6 ; to the United States and Canada,
16,900 tons as compared with 17,500 in 1905-6, and to the Con-
tinent of Europe, 29,300 tons as against 29,800 the previous year.



JAPAN.

The British Commercial Attach6 at Yokohama (Mr. E. P. Crowe)

reports that considerable damage was caused by

Bice. severe rainstorms which swept over Japan

during the five da^s from the 2l8t to 26th

August. Fortunately there was little or no wind, and the experts

of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce announce that

the harm done to the rice crop is not very serious.

There are three kinds of rice cultivated in Japan, the early, the
middle, and the late. The middle or " Nakate " constitutes the
bulk of the crop, and, according to Japanese estimates, it ought to
have flowered about the 2nd September. The process of filling the
ear should take place some ten days later, and it was expected
that if the weather remained favourable the crop would be above
the average.

As regards silk, Mr. Crowe remarks that the spring and summer

crops have so far proved very successful, but

Silk. unfortunately, just at the time when the

autumn worms should have begun to spin, the

weather changed, and, as these worms are particularly afiected by

climatic conditions, much harm was done, the loss being estimated

at about 2,000,000Z.



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32 THE BOAJID OF TRADE JOUBNAL. [Oct. 3, 1907.

MISCELLANEOUS.

UNITED KINGDOM.

The number of bales of cotton imported into the United Kingdom
during the week ended the 26th September,
Cotton StatiBties. 1907, was 34,627 (including 69 bales British
West Indian and 335 bales British West
African), and the number imported during the thirty-nine weeks
ended the 26th September was 3,297,249 (including 5,629 bales
British West Indian and 8,467 bales British West Afirican). As
regards exports, the figures are, for the week ended the 26th
September, 10,864 bales, and for the thirty-nine weeks, 392,718
bales.

For further details see p. 36.

The following persons, nominated under the 8th section of the
I cto f Weight and Measures Act, 1 904, have passed the
w 4 if? ^ examination provided for under that section : —

weignts ^ g Balmer. J. Barragry, H. J. Bloxham,

and Measures. p j ^^^^^^ p (j^j^^ Q Castles, H. Connor,
J. Devery, P. (Jarvey, G. H. Hassell, E. Kenny, 6. Kerr, W. Lacy,
D. A. Leonard, P. McCaffrey, L. McGowan, J. McKenna, M.
McMorrow, J. W. Nixon and F. Quinn, of the Boyal Irish Con-
stabulary; M. Kelly, of the Dublin Metropolitan Police; and
J. Waldron, of the Dalkey M.D.C.



BRITISH INDIA.



The " Indian Trade Journal ^ states that it has been informed by

^ _ . Mr. Alfred Chatterton, Director of Industrial

Ciiroi^^raimmg ^^^ Technical Inquiries, Madras, that the

m Jiaoras. popularity of chrome leather has lately been

growing very rapidly among the ryots of the Madras Presidency,

and is chiefly due to the fact that it is gaining a reputation for its

durability among those who use it largely for water-bags.

The native demand for chrome tanned sandals is increasing and
the Salt Department of Madras have given it a powerful impetus
by placing an order for nearly 8,000 pairs of sandals for the use of
the peons of that department. Among Europeans it is coming to
be generally recognised that it is an ideal material for boots in
which really hara work has to be done, and by the parcel post
system Madras-made boots are now being supplied to planters and
others as far North as Quetta and Assam and as far South as
Travancore.

The Volunteer Regiments in the South of India have tried
chrome leather and approve of it. Enquiries are being received
from military officers commanding native troops and it is not un-
likely that eventually chrome leather will be adopted generally for
boots.



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Oct. 3, 1907.] THE BOAED OF TRADE JOUENAIi. 33

Miscellaneous.

NEWFOUNDLAND.

With reference to the article on pp. 267-9 of the " Board of Trade
Fiflhinff Ind trv* Journal '' for the 8th August, relating to the
BJimg iiBtry: ggj^jj^g industry of Newfoundland, it should be
A wrrecnon. ^^^^ ^^^^ .^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ exports of dry cod the
qQantities given represent the number of quintals or ordinary
hundredweights (of 112 1b.), and not Canadian hundredweights,
as is erroneously stated in the footnote appended to the table.



EGYPT.

The British Vice-Consul at Alexandria (Mr. C. A. Greig) has

- . - forwarded samples of six different varieties of

& A b'c ^^ arabic, together with particulars as to

^ * prices c.i.f. to any port in Europe.
The samples may be inspected by British firms at the
Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73,
Basinghall Street, E.G.

FRANCE.

The " Journal OflBciel " pf 13th September contains statistics of
On lym A i^ ^® production of sugar in France during the
^ 1906.7 P^"^ ^^^ September, 1906 to 31st August,
^ ■ ' 1907, from which it appears that the number

of sugar factories in France was 273, as against 292 in 1905-6,
the total amount of sugar despatched from the factories
(expressed in terms of refined sugar) being 752,733 metric tons,
as compared with 1,044,197 tons in 1905-6. The raw material
supplied to the factories amounted to 65,004,263 hectolitres in
1906-7, as compared with 97,904,142 hectolitres in 1905-6.



PRANCE-TUNIS.

With reference to the notice on p. 86 of the " Board of Trade

n -x-^-^^« « Journal " of lOth January last, respecting the

^f!*^^'' ^^ restriction of the collection of esparto grass in

CoUectlOTi Of ^j^^ Regency of Tunis, H.M. Consul-General at

Eaparto Grass. r^^^^jg (j^^ j. j ^ Berkeley, G.B.) has

forwarded a copy of a recent Decree on the subject to the

effect that the period of prohibition of all the operations connected

with the exploitation of esparto grass is reduced under exceptional

circumstances to two months during 1908. It is fixed from the

16th January to the 15th March inclusive in certain civil districts

and in the territories which are under military authority ; and

from the 16th February to the 15th April inclusive in the

remaining parts of the Regency.



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84 THE BOABD OF TRADE JOUBNAL. [Oct. 8, 1907.

Misedlaneout.

The prohibition of the carriage of esparto grass does not apply-
to the carriage by rail and the shipping of grass packed in bales
or stored in the dockyards previous to the commencement of the
period of prohibition.

SPAIN.

With reference to the notice on p. 592 of the ** Board of Trade
GhftrtA d Journal " of 27th December last relating to the

- . proposed development of Spanish West Africa

.V-. ^ by private enterprise, H.M. Embassy at Madrid

have forwarded a translation of a Decree autho-
rising the Ministro de Fomento to make a contract with the
General Hispano-African Society, upon its legal constitution, for
the development of Spanish interests in Africa. The Government
is to grant a subvention of 500,000 pesetas (about 20,000Z.) to the
said company and to receive in return 50 per cent, of the net
profits, provided the latter exceed 8 per cent, of the capital
invested in the enterprise.

The company will be required to set up factories in Morocco
enabling them to put Spanish goods on the Moorish markets to
compete with foreign products ; to construct harbour works, convey
water to Ceuta, make cisterns, artesian wells and a coal dep6t
there, as well as other public works, and also to tender for public
services and concessions in Morocco, such as the tobacco
monopoly, &c.

In regard to the West Coast Colonies it will be the duty of the
company to put down disorder such as interferes with the course
of trade,' to encourage the fishing industry, to explore the interior,
and to establish a Spanish population at Rio de Oro. Lastly, in
respect of Spanish Guinea, the company will undertake to execute
public works, and generally keep in repair the harbours, docks,
&c., of the chief towns, to found a bank, collect the taxes, &c., and
to stimulate business operations in the Colony.

TURKEY.

The German Consul-General in Constantinople reports that the
Otto f R unfavourable weather which has prevailed

Pr d ti^ throughout the year caused the rose crop to be

uc on. small last spring, and the distilling was also

upset from the same cause. The figures of the total production are
statexi to lie between 450,000 and 600,000 metikals. If the former
of these two be taken ais correct the whole production is 40 per
cent, less than last year — that is, 2,100 kgs. of otto of roses com-
pared with 3,600 kgs. last year.

The demand has in consequence become proportionately large,
with the result that the best ^Bulgarian otto of roses is sold at 750
marks per kilogram, and the price is steadily rising.



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Oct. 3, 1907.] THE BOABD OP TRADE JOURNAL. 35

Miscellaneous.

BULGARIA.

According to statistics comnmnicated to the ** CJourrier de Sophia"
Otto of Boflea ^^ ^^® Chamber of Commerce at Plovdiv, the
Prodnistion. production of es3ence of roses in Bulgaria in

1907 amounted to 546,253 bottles, as compared
with 843,582 bottles in the preceding year. The principal produc-
ing districts were Karlovo, KazanJik, and Plovdiv, producing
239,917, 129,411, and 68,428 bottles respectively.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The Acting British Consul at Savannah (Mr. A. Harkness) reports

Naval Sto ^^^ *^^ quantity of resin and spirits of

-. , . turpentine received at Savannah during the

Savannah. ^^^ ended 3l8t August last was about 658,510

barrels of resin and 188,539 casks of turpentine

valued at 9,355,000 dols. Prices, however, have as a rule been

unsatisfactory, owing principally to a general decline of building

operations in the country, which affected the value of spirits of

turpentine ; speculation also had an unfavourable effect on values

and there was a reduced English demand for the American product.



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