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'^ ' development of the trade in fruit and other

agricultural produce, both in Prance and in other countries, of

which the following is a translation : —

Attention has been drawn from time to time to the very note-
worthy efforts of the Paris-Lyon-M6diterrande railway company to
improve the packing of agiicultural products for transport, and
especially of the choice fruits in the districts served by the railway.
The packing exhibitions which the company has organized with
such success at Marseilles for the Colonial Exhibition, at Paris on
the occasion of the General Agricultural Exhibition, at Avignon,
and also quite recently at Bastia, have led merchants interested to
manufacture packing materials that are at the same time cheap,
light and strong, and that, while ensuring cheap transport, also
assure the preservation of the fruit up to the time of deliver}',
favourable presentation to the eyes of the purchaser, and a facility
of sale in all the markets in Prance and other countries. The
company has not stopped there in its efforts to encourage agricul-
ture. It has established in Switzerland, Germany, England and
Italy commercial representatives whose business it is to assist the
development of French commerce. It has distributed to the con-
signors on its system thousands of notices showing the kind of
fruit and vegetables most appreciated in each country, the con-
ditions of sale, and the names of foreign agents and purchasers who
will enter into relations with the producers ; it has also lowered its
transport rates for export, constructed a number of well-ventilated
wagons, specially designed for the carriage of early fruit and vege-
tables, established fast transport trains, and has gone so far as to
show Prench products at foreign exhibitions.

The recent exhibition at Mannheim, which comprised different
international exhibits of fruit and vegetables, has been a great
opportunity for the fruit producers on the Paris-Lyon-Mediterran^e
system to make Prench products appreciated and to show their
superiority.



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Dec 12, 1907.] THE BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL. 527

Shipping and TranspoH,

JAPAN.

H.M. Embassy at Tokio reports that a rednction of fares took place
«, - . . on the Ist November on the railways recently
"Ra'X ^ ^^F taken over by the Japanese Government. The

way area. third-class fares are now as follows : —
For a distance of 50 miles and under ... 1*65 sen per mile.
„ „ from 50 to 100 miles ... 1'3 „ „

„ 100 „ 200 „ ... 10
„ 200 „ 300 „ ... 0-8
Over 300 miles 0*7 sen per mile.
Second-class fares are 50 per cent, more than third, and first-
class 250 per cent. more. One sen is approximately equivalent to
a farthing, so it will be seen that a third-class passenger will never
pay as much as a hali^nny per mile and may be able to travel for
as little as seven-tenths of a farthing per mile.

GOREA.

With reference to the list of open ports in China, Japan, Corea,

f. . - and Siam published on pp. 634-5 of the " Board

Opemngof ^^ rp^.^^^ Journal " for 28th March last, H.M.

UUfltoms Offices Oonsul-General at Seoul (Mr. H. Cockburn,

at YoiMjampo ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^

^^ ^^^' list of treaty ports remains the same. It should

be noted, however, that, though the opening of the ports of Yong-
ampo and Wiju has not yet been officially announced, the Customs
opened offices at these ports in July, 1906, and foreign steamers
call there ^dthout objection on the part of the authorities.



MINERALS, METALS AND MACHINERY.

BRITISH INDIA-BURMA.

The " Indian Trade Journal " contains an extract from a report

a^iA -n .1^4 ^^ *^® gold-bearing deposits of Loi Twang in the

f L ItH^ ^^^^ ^^*^' Burma, by Mr. T. H. D. La Touche,

®. ^ gy^f officiating Director, Geological Survey of India,

^ St tM ^^ which it is stated that, as the result of his

investigations, coarse gold was found only in

three streams, namely, the Namldiam in Mong Tung, the Hwe Aw

in Keshi-Mansam, and the Nam Ka in Mong Kung, and that it is

confined to a very small area in each case. Mr. La Touche adds

that it is possible that further prospecting might reveal the presence

of gold in larger quantities in the lower portion of the gravel

deposits; but even if the value of the deposits were proved to be

greater than it appears to be, a serious objection to their being



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528



TBB BQ4JtD 07. TRADE JOTTllNAL. [Dec 12, 1907.



Minerals, MeiaU^ and Maehinery.



worked on a large scale is the fact that the gold-bearing gravels
are in all cases covered by a fertile soil which is terraced and culti-
vated, and that practically the whole of the cultivation would be
destroyed by the operations. It is suggested that the villagers
might be given permission to extract what gold they can fix)m the
gravel by their own methods.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA-NORTHERN TERRITORY.

The following figures showing the exports of minerals from the
Northern Territory of South Australia in the

Kineral Industry, year 1906, as compared with the preceding
year, are taken from the annual report of the

Government Resident : —





1905.


1906.




Quantity.


Value.


Quantity.


Value,






£




£


Gold bullion oe.


13,027


39,702


12,665


38,745


„ „ ooncentiated matte „


.-





2,768


11,266


n qnartE tons

SilverbuUion o«.


2


266


2


263


14,465


1,626


91,617


10,806


Tin ore tons


288


31,972


898


86,907


CJopperore „


408


6,906


627


9,490


n matte „


158


8,474


178


13,929


„ bars and scrap „








2|


101


„ blister „


— .





18


1,642


Silver lead ore „


97


1,116


234


2,022


Wolfram ore „


63


3,379


102


6,981


Ambljgonite ore ,,








41


204


Total value ... £





83,666


-


132,146



Gold. — The total production of gold bullion during 1906 (exclu-
sive of Macdonell Ranges) was 16,328 oz., valued at 50,000i. The
TOld won at the Arltunga battery and cyanide works and for^^'arded
Uience to Adelaide was 1,079 oz., valued at 3,971/. The total
yield of gold for the whole of the Northern Territory for 1906 was
therefore 16,402 oz., valued at 53,972?., as compared with
15,475 oz., valued at 48,347Z., for 1905.



PORTUGAL-ANGOLA.

H.!M. Minister at Lisbon reports that hopes are entertained that
the recent discovery of petroleum in the
Provinqe of Angola may prove to be of import-
ance. Prospecting has been carried on by

some Portuguese firms in the district of Dande, and a concession

has been obtained from the Government by Messrs. Canha and

Formigal, of Lisbon.



Petroleum
DlBCovery*



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Dec. 12, 1907.] THE BOABD OF TIUPE JOUBNAL. 529

Minerals, Metals, and, Maekmery.

SPAIN.

The Acting British-Consul at Bilbao (Mr. J. Innes) reports that

Bock Salts and !?T ^^""^ f ^^J"^ ^^TT Torre»*vega and

Sftltfl f P tash Cabezon de la Sal (near Santander) have been

^ tuidfi taken up by the well-known Brussels firm of

near n r. ^^i^^j manufacturers, and it is reported that

borings have proved the existence of practically inexhaustible

supplies of rock salt and salts of potash which this firm will treat

in the large factory they have recently erected at the former town.

ITALY-SICILY.

With reference to the notice on p. 418 of the " Board of Trade
Journal" for 28th November and previous
Sulphur Trade. notices relating to the Sicilian sulphur industry,
H.M. Consul at Palermo (Mr. S. J. A.
Churchill, M.V.O.) reports that the exports of sulphur from Sicily
during the six months May to October, 1907, amounted to
130,137 tons (of 1,030 kilos.), as cx)mpared with 168,854 tons in
the corresponding period of 1906.

H.M. Consul has also forwarded copies of price lists issued by
the Sicilian Consorzio, which may be seen at the ComI^ercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall
Street, E.C.

ARGENTINA.

H.M. Consul at Buenos Ayres (Mr. A. C. Ross, C.B.) reports that

a cargo of some 3,000 tons of Natal coal was

Hatal CoaL recently brought to that port from South

Africa, and was sold to an Electric Light

Company at 30«. per ton. Another cargo of 5,000 tons has been

sold for delivery to the Western Railway Company. Mr. Ross

adds that, owing to the rise in freight rates from Europe, Welsh

coal has been sold at Buenos Ayres lately at 36«. per ton, whereas

a year or two ago it could be bought for 20«., and points out that

if fireights from the United Kingdom keep up, the trade in Natal

coal will continue.



JAPAN.

H.M. Embassy at Tokio reports that the working of the Japanese

Government salt monopoly during the hkt two

Salt Monopoly. years has caused discontent amongst consumers

owing to the high prices of the commodity and

disappointment to the authorities on account of the small revenue

produced by the monopoly. The Government, therefore, has now

arranged to sell direct to retail dealers, and the guild of wholesale

merchants has pledged itself to uphold the measure.



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530 THE BOABD OF TRADE 7<HmNAX. [Dec 12, 1907.



AGRICULTURE.

UNITED KINGDOM.

The prices of British com per quarter of 8 bushels, as received
from the inspectors and officers of Excise in
Com Prices. the week ended the 7th December, 1907, were
as follows: —

Wheat 34«. Id.

Barley ... ... ... ... 27«. Id.

Oats 18«. 6d.

For further particulars see p. 536.

A statement is published on p. 537, showing the quantities of

^ . . the various descriptions of agricultural produce

1?!! 1 SL A^' imported into the United Knigdom during the

cultural Produce. ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ rj^^ December. 1907, as well

as of the imports during the corresponding week of 1906.

Under an Order of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, entitled
,^ , . . the Glanders or Farcy Order of 1907, which

Seqmremen o comes into force on the 1st January, 1908, no

? , - ^ any other country, except Ireland, the Channel

"^ ti J Islands, or the Isle of Man is to be landed in

T8tt» r?«^ f Grreat Britain unless it is accompanied by a

^^ -a certificate of a veterinary surgeon to the effect

^ • that he examined the animal immediately before

it was embarked or whilst it was on board the vessel, as the case

may be, and that he found that the animal did not show symptoms

of glanders or farcy.

As regards importation into Ireland or the Channel Islands,
intending exporters of animals from Great Britain should communi-
cate in the first instance with (1^ the Secretary, Department of
Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland, Upper Merrion
Street, Dublin, (2) tJie Piers and Harbours Committee of the States
of Jersey, Greffe Offico, Royal Square, St. Heliers, Jersey, or (3)
the Supervisor, Guernsey, as the case may be, with a view to
ascertain the steps to be taken to comply with the Regulations of
the Government concerned.

GERMANY.

H.M. Representative at Darmstadt reports that for the third year
Rh* V tAff ^^ succession the vintage in the Rheingau
. * ^ ftA«r ^ district, where the finest Rhine wines are pro-
duced, has been a failure. The quality of the
1907 wines, however, promises well, being described by growers
as good average wine. As regards quantity, in only a few cases
was a half vintage obtained. In Rauenthal the crop only
amounted to one-sixth, while in the Rheingau district it was from
one-fourth to one-third. The small crop is due chiefly to the
attacks of noxious insects.



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Dea 12, 1907.] THE BOAKD OF TBABB JOUSNAX. 531



AgrimiUure.



RUSSIA.

The Acting BritiBh Consul at St. Petersburg (Mr. 0. Mackie)

Winter Bown report that, according to the preliminary

PvA n-nAJKr^a ♦ returns of the winter-sown grain crops of

HMTeUt ^^^i^, for 1907, published by the Central

Statistical Committee of the Ministry of the

Interior, the results of the rye and wheat harvest were as follow : —



1906. 1907.



Rye
Wheat



Tons.

16,280,000

6,391,451



Tons.

19.699,209

4,343,387



After deducting the requirements for seed purposes, the net
amount of the winter-sown grain crops is reported to be
19,271.290 tons, as compared with 17,832,258 tons in 1906.

FRANCE.

H.M. Consul at Lyons (Mr. E. R. E. Vicars), in reporting on the

Vntaff • results of the 1907 vintage in the Beaujolais-

the B^lol&ifl- Maconnais district, states that, as regards

MfLfio • quantity, the production has varied very con-

D'fltrifit siderably acconiing to locality. In the plains

and on the lower slopes, owing to adverse

conditions generally, much damage to the vines has been sustained,

the yield in some cases being reduced to nil. On the other hand,

the yield on the higher slopes has been well up to the average and

superior to that of 1906.

Quality in the diflFerent districts varies as much as quantity. In
the Department of the Rhone, owing to a hot September which
hastened on the ripening of the grapes, the quality is better than
was expected.

In the Beaujolais-Maconnais district as a whole the vintage is of
a very fair average type.

SPAIN.

H.M. Commercial Attache at Madrid (Mr. S. P. Cockerell) reports

!!■., - -. that this year's crops in the Province of Valla-

• v 11 ii vJ^ dolid were seriously injured by the drought which

in vaiiaaoiitt. ,^^^^ ^^^ November, 1906, to September,

1907, but apart from that much of the bad harvest is attributable
to the failure in manuring the land. Sheep and horse dung is
largely used as manure. Chemical manures (especially sulphate of
ammonia and superphosphates of lime) have been much pushed
in recent years.



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532 THE BOABD OF TBADE J0X7BNAL. [Dec 12, 1907.

Agrietdture.



ITALY.

The British Vice-Consul at Turin (Mr. E. Anfione), in reporting on

... agriculture in Piedmont, states that mulberry

"^i^ , . ^ leaf has been very plentiful, and the crop of

Fiecimont. cocoons as regards both quantity and quality

was first-class. As in 1906, t£e wine for two-thirds of the

vintage will turn out good, but, owing to the large quantity of

grapes gathered, it is expected that prices will be low.

The " Comizio Agrario " of the district of Turin, together with
the '' Circolo Enofilo Subalpino " and other agricultural institu-
tions are, says the Vice-Consul, particularly desirous of making
more generally known the chief agricultural products required in
the principal markets and great centres of England, with a view to
augment the Piedmontese export ; while, from their side, these
institutions would be quite willing to reciprocate by giving infor-
mation as to British products useful for agriculture in Piedmont,
in order to fecilitate their import there.



MISCELLANEOUS.
UNITED KINGDOM.



The number of bales of cotton imported into the United Kingdom

during the week ended the 5th December, 1907,

Cotton SUtiftief. was 161,796 (including 108 bales British West

Indian and 160 bales British West African)

and the number imported during the forty-nine weeks ended the

5th December was 4,312,238 (including 6,069 bales British West

Indian and 10,645 bales British West African). As regards exports,

the figures are, for the week ended the 5th December, 9,913 bales,

and for the forty-nine weeks, 466,950 bales.

For frirther details see p. 536.

A return showing the number of bales of cotton imported and
exported, forwardea from ports to inland towns, and returned to
ports during the month and eleven months ended 30th November,
1907, will be found on p. 535.



BRITISH INDIA.

According to the ** Times of India" (Bombay) the Upper India

"Rftffi trftti f Chamber of Commerce has decided upon a

TSdft M^ks^ measure of great public utility, particularly to

the mercantile community, by undertaking the

registration of trade marks and designs, including the registration

of marks, tickets and designs used on every description of goods.

The Chamber points out that, in submitting the applications for



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Dec. 12, 1907.J THB BOABD OF TRADB JOUSNAL. 533

Miseellaneaui.



registratioD, a full description of the trade mark and design, which
should indicate its character as specifically as possible, should
accompany the application, and whenever possible drawings
should accompany the specification of trade mark or design on a
sufficiently large scale to show clearly the construction and details,
and, with a view to ensure permanency of such drawings, photo-
graphs, which are liable to fade, are not recommended.

FRANCE-TUNIS.

With reference to the notice on p. 33 of the " Board of Trade

Coll ti f Journal '* for 3rd October, respecting the period

— . '^ of restriction for the collection of esparto grass

!f?J?^ S^!; in the Regency of Tunis during the year 1908,

^SS H.M.Gonsul-Generalthere(Mr.E.J.L.Berkeley,

^^' C.B.) has forwarded a copy of a decree providing

that, in view of exceptional circumstances therein set forth, the

decree of restriction is withdrawn.



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

With reference to the notice on p. 469 of the " Board of Trade
DeciBions under J^^^"^^! " ^^ ^^^ 5th December, and previous
the ** Pood and "^^^ces, relative to decisions of the United

iwnm. k^» «.iki States Department of Agriculture under the

ti^to^beuSi" " ^"^ ^""^ ^^^ ^^^ " ^^ *^® ^^^^ '^'^''^' ^^^^'
• A4.i.^n ^iJZiZ. ^^^ Board of Trade have now received, through

ofiSlM *^® Foveiga Office, from H.M. Embassy at

^ * Washington, copies of Decisions Nos. 78 and
79, the first of which relates to the use of labels after the 1st
October, 1907, and the second to the collection of samples. The
text of the decisions in question, with a memorandum (also for-
warded by H.M. Embassy) respecting recent developments in the
enforcement of the Act, may be consulted at the Commercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street,
London, E.C*

H.M. Embassy has also forwarded a copy of an official publication
BnrAan of issued by the Department of Agriculture giving

Chemiitrr of the ^ review of the organisation and functions of
nluu^imt of *^® Bureau of Chemistry in that Department.
iSrtCTJltnr^ The Bureau is the authority charged with the
Agncmi^are. administration of the Pure Food Act, and this
summary of its organisation, with the accompanying index of the
publications it has issued up to date, will doubtless, H.M. Embassy
remarks, be of use for reference in connexion with the various ques-
tions concerning inspection of imported products now pending.
The publication in question may be consulted at the Commercial
Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street,
London, E.C.



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534



THX BOAKD OiF TBADS JOXmKAI/. [Dec 18, 1907.



Miiedlaneoui.



BRAZIL.

The following table, showing the value of the imports and exports
of Brazil (by countries) daring the first six
foreign Trade. months of 1907, as compared with the corres-
ponding period of 1906, is based on statistics

published in the ** Brazilian Review " : —



Imports.



From and to



First siz months of



Exports.



First six months of





1 1906.


1907.


1 1906.


1907.




£


&


1


£


Germanj


1,955,519


2,857,056


8,048,782


4,388,909


Argentina


1,530,497


1,857,060


791,664


717,887


Austria- Hungary


214,151


319,748


, 444,745


446,106


Belgium


602,176


670,838


1 447,389


2,062,878


United States


1,928,096


2,898,727


7,319,491


10,126,085


France


1,813,667


1,698,280


1 2,180,139


3,677,449


United Kingdom


3,910.169


5,571,346


5,181,368


5,519,667


Italy


601.406


685,466


171,567


99,384


Holland


76,338


109,862


623.667


918,043


Poriuffal

British ports to order ...


975,600


1,167,906


; 185,764


267,404








1 83,440


678,764


Newfoundland


190,373


239,457








Uruguay


476,621


532^84


1 380,293


330,683


Other countries


750,762


890,874


658,186


385,951


Total ... «


14,424,974


18,899,497


1 21,516,484


29,617,700



TraBslation of

the Bevised

Japanese

Pharmacopoeia.



JAPAN.

With reference to the notice on p. 272 of the " Board of Trade
Journal " of the 7th November, relative to an
English translation of the newly revised third
edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia, the
Board of Trade have now received, through the
Foreign OflBce, a copy of a list of errata to the

volume. The translation, with the list of errata, may be consulted

at the offices of the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board

of Trade, 73, Basinghall Street, London, E.G.

H.M. Embassy at Tokio reports that a recent amendment of the
Japanese Emigrants* Protection Law prohibits
Emigration. any emigration company from continuing busi-

ness unless it deposits a sum of 5,000Z. as a
guarantee of good faith, and it is stated that the companies will
be limited to a ver}^ small number of emigrants per month. The
result of these measures has been to involve the companies in
serious financial difficulties.



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Dec 12, 1907.]



XHB BOABO OV T«ADB JOUBNAL.



585



STATISTICAL TABLES.



Cotton Betnnu.— NoTember, 1907.

Betnm of the Number of Bales of Cotton Imported and Exported,
Forwarded from Ports to Inland Towns, and Betnmed to Ports

dnring the Month and Eleven Months ended 30th November, 1907,
compared with the corresponding Periods of the Year 1906.





HOKTH OF NOVBMBHR.


Bleyin Months rhdbd
80th Novrmher.




1907.


1906.


1907.


1906.




Imports.


AmericMa

BmiliaB ... —

Bttrt InduD

BffTptUtn

MiiceUaneoiu ... —


426,781

6,246

4,012

88,616

16,074*


562^07

9,264

6,449

95a93

9,290


8,071,229
184,466
197,986
476,976
146,879t


2,672,890

206,701

126,178

420,382

96,441


Total


688,579


672,009


4,076,476


3,421,542




Exports.


Amerioan

Brasilian

East Indian

Bayptian

Misoellaneous


21,899

1,169

9,161

7,624-

724


80,448

2,282

2fi78

6,721

446


286,891
18,076
77,959

114,888
12,246


181^3

17,396

41,047

66,162

7,463


Total


40,467


41,824


469,004 814fi20

I




FORWARDBD from Ports to Ihiand Towvb.


American

Brarilian

East Indian

Mlwdlaneoat


284,821

9,147

8,878

60,957

6,412


297,809

16,746

1,406

60,948

12,907


2,766,197
188,914

64,730
888,776

76,840


2,722,868
177fi61

61,263
304,161

86,849


Total


864,216


889,816


3,379,966


3^841,792




FORWARDBD from iNTJiND TOWHS tO PORTS.


Amerioan

Brazilian

Boat Indian

Egyptian

MiBcellaneona


2
1


11


419
186


634
348


Total


3


11


606


982



* Including 212 bales Britieh West Indian and 1,788 bales British West African,
t „ 6,961 „ „ „ 10,641 „



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536



THB BOABD OY TBADB lOXTBNAL.



[Dec 12, 1907.



Cotton Betonii— contimie^i.

Retam of the MmnlMV of Balet of Qofttoa Imported and Bxported at the
Yariooi Port! of the United Kin|dom during the Week and 49 Weeks
ended 6th December, 1907 :^



Weekended

5th Dec.,

1907.



49 Weeks

ended

5th Dec.,

1907.



Week ended

6th Dec.,

1907.



49 Weeks
ended

5th Dec^
1907.





IMPOBIH.

(Bales.)


KZPOBTS.

(Bales.)


American

Braiilian

East Indian

Ejfyptian

MiBceUaneons


No.

132,318

466

1,443

23,707

*3,873


No.

3,260,440
198,384
201,602
606,395

1151,417


No.
5,245
! 685
1,145
2,694
144


No.
240,097

18,911

78,583
116,988

12,371


Total


161,796


4,312,238


9,913

\


466,960



* Inclading 108 bales British West Indian and 160 bales British West African,
t » 6,069 „ ,, „ „ V 10,646 „ „ „ ,,



Corn Frices.

statement showing the kwwgt Price of Britiih Con, per quarter of
8 bushels, Imperial Measure,* as receiyed from the Inspectors and OfBcers of
Excise in the week ended 7th December, 1907, and corresponding weeks of the
seven previous years pursuant to the Com Returns Act. 1882.



Average Price.




Week ended 7th December, 1907

Correipondiii^ week in—

1900 ...

1901 ...

1902 ...
1908 ...
1904 ...
1906 ...

. 1906 ...



«.


d.


i.


d.


34


7


27


1


26


9


25


7


27


2


26


8


25





24


3


26


7


23


2


30


4


24


4


28


6


24


7


26


1


24


1



18



d.

6



17 1

19 3

16 10

15 9

16 2

17 11
17 4



* Section 8 of the Com Returns Act, 1882, provides that where returns of



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