Great Britain. Census Office.

Census of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. online

. (page 133 of 189)
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11014


6014


1692-


477


78


14


5




688471 Tc
me


tal of "W
rated.


IVES enu-



* In the few instances in which persons described as married have been returned at any age under 15, they have been classified in these Tables of Ages of Husbands and
Wives with the persons aged 15 and under 16 years.

JVote.— Tlie Table read vertically shows the number of Wives at each ace, with the ages of their Husbands :— Thus, in the North-Westem Counties, 1 Wife of the age of 25 and
under 80 years had a Husband aged 17 ; 6 had Husbands aged 13 ; 21 had Husbands aged 19 ; 146 had Husbands aged 20 ; 6,473 had Husbands aged 21 and under the age of 25.

Bead horizontally the Table shows the number of Husbands at each age, with the ages of their Wives :— Thiis, 4 Husbands of the age of 25 and under 80 years had Wives
aged 15 ; 10 had Wives aged 18; 44 had Wives aged 17.

At all ages 543,740 Husbands and 543,740 Wives were enumerated as residing together on the night of the Census.

There were also 82,279 Husbands whose Wives were absent (i.e., the Wives were not returned in the same houses as their Husbands), making in all 676,019 Husbands enume-
rated ; and 44,731 "Wives whose Husbands were absent (j.e., the Husbands were not returned in the same houses as their Wives), making a total of 588,471 Wives enumerated in
the Division.



418



CIVIL CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. VIII.



Table 9. — Ages of Husbands and their Wives in combination — continued.





















Registration or Union County


: —


33 CHESHIRE.
















AGE OF WIFE.


Husbands
whose "Wives
were resident
with them.


•§.sl


2N


Tears of Age.


15-


16-


17-


18-


19-


20-


21-24


25-


30-


35-


40-


45-


50-


55-


60-


65-


70-


75-


80-


85-


90- 95-


100

and

upw^.


Hi




r 15-




.


.






.




.








,


,






















.




.




16-




.








.


.


.








.


.






















.


.


.




17-








1






1










.


.






















2


.


2




18-




1




5


8


3


7












.






















24


13


37




19-




1


6


20


24


19


27


6




1




...


..






















105


25


ISO




20-




2


7


30


57


87


149


25










.






















360


45


405




21-


2


5


27


97


242


502


2601


948


127


16


8




2






















4672


390


4962




25-






10


33


91


238


2957


6861


1688


254


33


10


6






1
















11084


681


11765




30-




1




5


17


64


772


4060


5829


1534


313


76


13




2


1
















12691


,691


18382


5


35-








4




14


190


1193


3680


4915


1416


276


63


11


6


2
















11770


637


12407


m
P


40-












6


55


384


1366


3246


4598


1190


301


61


18


5
















11231


698


11829


45-








1




2


15


121


399


1235


2956


3690


1047


241


57


10


6














9782


535


10317


Wi


50-














13


59


186


422


1211


2375


3090


767


231


60


9


2












8416


650


8966


O


65-
















4


20


57


164


387


829


1729


2046


608


144


20


6


1










6014


394


6408


Pi


60-














2


4


13


24


74


175


323


741


1311


1631


402


108


38


6


1








4832


321


6163


<


65-
















3


2


14


21


66


112


24«


474


845


'897


231


50


6


6








2961


170


3131




70-
















1


3


3


7


28


40


101


141


287


468


452


92


21


3


1






1648


113


1761




75-


















2




6


13


13


21


43


81


•131


181


167


28


3


1






681


39


720




80-




















3




2


5


6


9


29


32


53


53


41


6








242


16


258




85-


























1


.


2


2


4


3


9


5


3


2






31


3


34




90-




























.






2


1


1






1






6


1


6




95-




























.











3






.






3





3




100
_ Sc upwards


}•

























































Wwes whose
Husbands were


3


10

1


BO

14


196

17


442
39


937

86


6799
601


12692
1009


13279
96?


11895
795


11196
720


8940
683


7365
519


5111
367


3797
252


2149

147


1063
70


395
21


109

8


20


5


1




86464


6222


91676


resident with
them

Wives whose
Husbands were
absent


86454 Wives whose Husbands
were resident with them.

6216 Wives whose Husbands
were absent.


Tol

e


al ot WlYDS
numerated -





11


64


213


481


1023


7400


13701


14246


12690


11916


9523


7884


5478


4049


2296


1133


416


117


20


5


1





92670 Total of Wives enu-
merated.



Registration or Union County : — 34< LANCASHIRE.







AGE OF WIFE.


Husbands
whose Wives
were resident

with them.


6(||


m ■


years of Age.


15-


16-


17-


18


- 19-


20-


21-24


25-


30-


35-


40-


45-


50-


55-


60-


65-


70-


75-


80-


85-


90- 95-


100
and
apw«.


Total of

BANDS

merate

1


15-










.




1


.




,




,


1








.














1




1




16-




.








.


1




1


-




.


























2


.


2




17-


1


2


6




6


2


3


1


.


.




.




1






















28




23




18-


1


3


11


46


22


34


29


6


3


.






1
























164


60


214




19-


1


9


29


12S


191


140


182


16


.4


2































696


122


818




20-




8


44


16;


417


663


785


121


24


3


6


2


























2142


259


2401




21-


2


18


114


65S


1586


3247


16817


6530


702


113


31


15


9


8


1




















28740


2036


30776




25-


4


10


34


184


632


1253


17446


37223


8646


1310


245


61


22


11


6






1














66988


3849


70837




30-


1


3


6


2-


83


271


3986


23172


35406


8257


1695


283


70


28


10


7


1




1












73306


3766


77072


13


36-




1


4


^


14


64


868


6044


20514


29200


7024


1387


224


75


19


1


8
















65425


3329


68751


<


40-






3




7


21


281


1709


6994


18270


26604


6163


1347


236


60


13


3


2


1












60712


3323


64035


p


45-








j


4


7


97


671


2007


5892


14840


20203


6107


989


203


38


4


1


1












49920


.2729


52649


W>


60-












5


40


243


783


1872


5765


12086


15722


3481


933


167


39


4


2












41074


2666


43730


S


55-






1


£




4


19


84


262


608


1607


3762


8344


9797


2568


645


83


22


1












27710


1770


29480


w


60-












1


16


37


144


268


756


1337


3361


6642


7011


1666


313


46


8










20888


1630


21918


^


65-












2


8


14


42


81


203


442


874


1786


3508


3490


754


118


25


8








11296


884


12180




70-












.


3


11


16


29


74


160


862


461


1124


1650


1697


283.


52


10








6833


481


6314




75-
















2


B


8


22


41


84


125


217


430


592


479


73


4








2084


176


2359




80-












.






3




8


13


26


19


59


73


188


162


118


13








636


70


706




86-


















1






3


3


5


15


17


21


34


20


11








182


16


148




90-






















1




1




8


1


1


6


2


2








17


2


19




96-












.






.




1


.


.


2




1


.


1


1


1








7


.


7




100
..& upwards


10






































1








1




1


Wives whose
Husbands were


56


260


11


J3 2861


5604


40567


74783


75557


65905


57878


45948


36556


22410


16737


7979


3549


1168


305


43


6


2




457286


27057


484343


resident with
them

Wives whose
Husbands were
absent - -


457286 Wives whose Husbands
were resident with them.


11


15


53


1


16 301


661


3976


6623


6310


4916


4885


8548


3046


1940


1436


739


332


118


65


10


3


2





38615 TFi
we


ves whose Husbands
re absent.


To

<


talofWnTES
numerated ■


l!


70 303


12


38 3162


6165


44643


81406


81867


70821


62258


49496


38602


24360


17173


8718


3881


1276


360


58


9


4




495801 Tol
me


al ot W
rated.


IVES enu-



NORTH-WESTEKN COUNTIES.]



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



419



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.
DIVISION VIII— NORTH-WESTERN COUNTIES.



Table 10. — Occupations of Males and Females, distinguishing those under 20 Years of Age from those of

20 Years and upwards — In Glasses, Orders, and Sub-orders.*





CLA33Ea. Orders, and Sub-orders.


All Ages.


Under 20 Years
OF Age.


20 Years of Age
and upwards.




Persons.


Males. Pemales.


Males. Females.


Males. 1 Females.


Alili PERSON'S .......


3,389,044


1,634,268


1,754,776


771,334


783,320


862,934


971,456


I. PRO!
II. DOM

III. com

IV. AGR
V. INSI

VI. IWD]


CLASSES.

E-ESSION-AI. CI.ASS .....

BSTIC CI.ASS - - . - . -
MERCIAI. CI.ASS ....

ICUIiTURAI. CI.ASS ......

[TSTRIAIL CI.ASS ......

ESFINITE AND NON-PRODVCTIVE CI.ASS


68,695

769,692

171,201

114,777

1,051,237

1,213,442


46,654

25,881

159,474

97,967

658,199

646,093


22,041

743,811

11,727

16,810

393,038

567,349


11,295

3,297

32,134

16,552

152,525

555,531


11,543

78,254

1,518

4,446

137,325

550,234


35,359

22,584
127,340

81,415
505,674

90,562


10,498
665,557

10,209

12,364
255,713

17,115






Class I,

Class II. <

Class III. <
Class IV. ■

Class V. ■;
Class VI. ■


ORDERS.

' 1. Persons engaged in the Genbeal or Local Government of the
Country - - . . -

2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country

3. Persons engaged in the Leakned Pkofessions or in Lite-

EATUKB, Akt, and Science (with their immediate Suh-
ordinates) - - -

4. Wives and Women engaged generally in Household Duties

but assisting in certain cases in the Husbands' Business

5. Persons engaged in entektaining, and /icr/oraizMj; Peesonal

Offices /or A!';) - - -

6. Persons who buy or sell, keep or lend Money, Houses, or

Goods o/vAEious Kinds - - - .

7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods,

and Messages - _ _ - _

8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing

Geaust, Feuits, Geasses, Animals, and other Products

9. Persons engaged about Animals . - . .
" 10. Persons engaged in Akt and Mechanic Productions, in which

Matters of various kinds are used in combination

11. Persons working and dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in

Deess . .

12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks

13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances

14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances

15. Persons working and dealing in Mineeals - - -
r 16. TiABOUREES and othees — Branch of labour undefined

17. Persons of Hank or Pkopeety not returned under any Office

or Occupation

18. Scholars and Childeen not engaged in any directly Peo-

DUCTIVE Occupation


11,192
7,079

50,424
566,293
203,399

61,150

110,051

107,986
6,791

175,506

629,301

62,753

6,006

22,698

154,973

116,622

15,418

1,081,402


10,498
7,079

29,077

25,881

51,117

108,357

91,311
6,656

169,684

263,196

49,574

5,423

18,748

151,574

109,269

2,347

534,477


694

21,347
566,293
177,518

10,033

1,694

16,675
135

5,822

366,105

13,179

583

3,950

3,399

7,353

13,071

546,925


.531
1,587

9,177

3,297

9,010

23,124

15,631
921

29,092

79,448

7,612

903

3,491

31,979

20,979

75

534,477


38

11,505

26,586

51,668

1,022

496

4,387
59

1,283

131,293
1,811
178
1,556
1,204
3,138

171

546,925


9,967
5,492

19,900

22,584

42,107

85,233

75,680
5,735

140,592

183,748

41,962

4,520

15,257

119,595
88,290

2,272


656

9,842

539,707

125,850

9,011

1,198

12,288
76

4,539

234,812

11,368

405

2,394

2,195

4,215

12,900








Ori


ler SUB-ORDERS.

Sub-ordee

' 1. 1. Officers of National Government

2. Officers of Local Government

3. Officers of East India and Colonial Goverrmient


3,824

7,363

5


3,695

6,798

5


129
565


427
104


19
19


3,268

6,694

5


110
546




2. 1. Army - - - - .

2. Navy - - -


5,756
1,323


5,756
1,323





883
704





4,873
619





Class I. <


3. 1. Clergymen, Ministers, and Others connected with Religion

2. Lawyers and Law Stationers - - .

3. Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists

4. Authors, Literary Persons, and Students

5. Artists - - -

6. Musicians .....

7. Actors - ...

8. Teachers ...

9. Scientific Persons


4,432
3,551
5,989

14,991
2,248
2,599
1,289

14,542
783


3,944
3,549
5,439
6,214
2,087
1,718

901
4,453

772


488

2

550

8,777

161

881

388

10,089

11


35

768

791

5,542

294

181

180

1,321

65


7

1

13

8,486

38

161

104

2,695


3,909
2,781
4,648

672
1,793
1,537

721
3,132

707


481

1

537

291

123

720

284

7,394

11


Class II, 4


" 4. 1. Wives and others mainly engaged in Household Duties
2. Wives assisting generally in their Husbands' Business


527,097
39,196





527,097
39,196





26,452
1.34





500,645
39,062


,


5. 1. Engaged in Board and Lodging
2. Attendants (Domestic Servants, &c.)


19,126
184,273


11,886
13,995


7,240
170,278


154
3,143


143
51,525


11,732
10,852


7,097
118,753



















* The classification oi Occupations adopted in 1871 is essentially identical with that o£ 1861. The only variations of importance occur in Glasses 11 and VI

The change has had the effect oJ bringing now into Class II., Order 4, aU Women (Wives, Widows. Daughters, or others) who have no specified occupation, ibut are u^inll v

employed m household duties. In 1861 the Wives of Innkeepers, Pubhcans, Lodging-house-keepers, Shopkeepers, Shoemakers, Butchers, and Farmers were placed in tli^

same orders (namely, 6, 6, 8, 11, .and 13) as then' Husbands, whom they often assist m business ; but this, it must be borne in mind, is the case with other as wwl as wft^

such Wives. As it may be assumed the great majonty of Women of no specified occupation are mainly employed in Household and FamUy Duties, they are all classed

Slass VI. now comprises Persons whose occupations are indefinite or ™t stated. Persons of Rank or Property not returned under any office or occupation and Sohnio,.^
and Children under the a|e of 15. Thus Scholars and Children under the age of 15 not returned as engaged in any directly productive occupation, now form bv them^pW
Order 18; whereas in 1861 they were grouped under Class II., Order 4. Students and Scholars of ages « and uptoards are now in Class I., Order 3- in ISfil t W wIS
included m Class II. - " *°"^ '"'"J' were

With the foregoing exceptions no changes of importance have been made in the various Sub-Orders, Orders, and Classes of the classification of 1861.

Note.— The niunber of persons referred to the particular Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders must not be taken to represent the total ««)MSe>- foUowiiis thn npp,„,o«™
included therem; for example, m addition to the persons returneijin Class IV., Order 8, many persons connected with the land as Proprietors or Occunipr>,^»™r?iSI
under other heads according to the Occupations m which they are principally engaged. See riofes at foot of Table 11. <^ "'» or uocupiers are classed

3G2



420



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. VIII.



NORTH-WESTERN COVNTIES— continued.



Table 10. — Occupations of Males and Females, distinguishing those under 20 Years of Age from those of
20 Years and upwards — In Classes, Orders, and Sub-orders — continued.



Classes, Oedeks, and Sub-okdees.



All Aese.



Persons. Maies. Females.



Undee 20 Teaes

OF AOE.



Males. Females.



20 Teaes or Aoe

AND TIPWAEDS.



Males.



Order


















SUB-OEDEE


















6. 1. Mercantile Persons


44,091


42,566


1,525


7,709


180


34,857


1,345




2. Other General Dealers


17,059


8,551


8,508


1,301


842


7,250


7,666




7. 1. Carriers on Railways


15,213


15,170


43


2,260


10


12,910


33


Class III.,


2. „ on Roads - - -


24,576


24,308


268


2,999


17


21,309


251




3. „ on Canals and Rivers


5,573


5,436


137


889


36


4,547


101




4. „ on Seas and Rivers


28,444


28,300


144


2,862


10


25,438


134




5. Engaged in Storage . . .


15,302


14,473


829


3,992


253


10,481


576




6. Messengers and Porters


20,943


20,670


273


10,122


170


10,548


103




8. 1. Agriculturists - -


98,699


82,194


16,505


14,723


4,358


67,471


12,147




2. Arboriculturists - - -


224


224





20





204




Class ZV.<


3. Horticulturists


9,063


8,893


170


888


29


8,005


141




9. Persons engaged about Animals


6,791


6,656


135


921


59


5,735


76




flO. I. Workers and Dealers in Books


9,028


7,749


1,279


2,196


558


5,553


721




2. „ „ Musical Instruments


544


524


20


92


4


432


16




3. „ „ Prints and Pictures


851


798


53


155


23


643


30




4. „ „ Carving and Figures


663


.407


256


58


109


349


147




5. „ „ Tackle for Sports and Games


326


191


135


22


17


169


118




6. „ „ Designs, Medals, and Dies -


664


656


8


136


1


620


7




7. „ „ Watches and Philosophical Instru-


















ments


3,715


3,647


68


396


20


3,251


48




8. „ „ Surgical Instruments


46


42


4


5


1


37


3




9. „ „ Arms


172


164


8


23


3


141


5




84






119


.377


260


336


205


152


94


.37


5




Shopkeeper (branch undefined).




















































General Dealer


343






4


14


28


63


77


77


36


38


8


2079






99


157


137


330


441


401


308


182


46




Huckster, Costermonger


23










1


4


10


5


3






70






8


8


3


13


14


18


6


2


1




Hawker, Pedlar


675




1


18


63


27


92


107


112


84


64


18


3711




4


118


283


277


872


780


661


574


308


84



Note.— In the present and subsequent Tables the Occupations are arranged according to the principle of classifloation adopted in the preceding Summary. The figures
prefixed to the Occupations indicate the several Orders and Sub-Orders in which they have been classed ; but where a particular Occupation is inapplicable to the sex, or
where no persons are classified as following it, the item is omitted in order to save space. The Occupations classed under " Others" va. the several Sub-Orders appear in
detail in the Summary Table for England and Wales.
• The Tables do not always give the total number of persons wholly or partially following any particular Occupation ; as many individuals have two or more Occupations,
under only one of which (generally the most important) they are classed.

The numbers returned under trades, manufactures, and some professions. Include apprentices, assistants, and workpeople, as well as employers. Very young persons
are thus sometimes classed under Occupations followed chiefly by adults.

The Table is read thus :—In Clieshire there were 2,829 Commercial Clerks returned of all ages, of whom 85 were aged 10 and under 15 years, 752 aged IB and under
20 years, 659 aged 20 and under 25 years, and so on for each respective colwmn of age. See Order 6, Sub-Order 1.



422



OOeUPATIONS OF TH& PEOPLE.



[Div. VIII.



Table 11. —Occupations of Males at different Periods of Age — In Registration Counties — continued.



Occupations.



33 CHESHIRE-coTil



Ages. — Males — cont.



All

Ages.



Under

5
Years.



5-



10-



15-



20-



25-



35-



45-



55-



65-



All

Ages.



34 LANCASHIRE— co«*.



Ages. — Males — cont.



Under

5
Zeara.



10-



15-



20-



25-



35-



45-



1. Railway Engine Driver, Stoker .
Eailway Offlcer, Clerk, Station-master,
Railway Attendant, Servant

3. Toll Collector, Tumpike-gate Keeper .
Coach, Omnibus, Cab Owner, and Livery

Stable Keeper

Coacliman (not domestic). Cabman, Fly-
man

Carman, Carrier, Carter, Drayman
Otliers



8^



10,



3. Inland Navigatiou Service
Bargeman, "Waterman .
Others ....



Shipowner ....
Steam Navigation Service .
Ship Steward, Cook
Seaman (Merchant Service)

Pilot

Boatman on Seas .
Harbour, Dock Service, Labourer
"Wharfinger ....
Others



0.



5. "Warehouseman .
Meter, "Weigher .

Messenger, Porter, Errand Boy
Cotton Porter

Telegi'aph Company Service.
Others engaged in Messages

SV.— Agkiculiueai, Class.

1. Land Proprietor (so returned)*
Parmer, Grazier .
Parmer's Son, Brother, Gmdsn., Nephw.

Parm Bailiff

Agricultural Labourer .

Shepherd (outdoor)

Parm Servant (indoor) .

Land Surveyor, Estate Agent

Land Drainage Service .

Agric. Machine Proprietor, Attendant

Others engaged in Agriculture .

2. "Woodman



3. Nurseryman, Seedsman, Plorist .

Gardener

Others engaged in Horticulture .

1. Horse Proprietor, Dealer

Horse Breaker ....
Horsekeeper, Groom, Jockey
Parrier, "Veterinary Surgeon
Cattle, Sheep, Pig, Salesman

Drover

Gamekeeper

"Vermin Destroyer.

Pisherman .....

Others engaged about Animals ,



v.— INDUSTEIAX Class.

1. Bookseller, Publisher ....

Bookbinder

Printer

Newspaper Agent, News-room Keeper.
Others engaged in Publications .

2. Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer
Others

3. Lithographer, Lithographic Printer .
Others

4. "Wood-carver

Others



5. Toy Maker, Dealer
Others .



6. Pattern Designer .
Type-founder
Others .



7. "Watch Maker, Clock Maker.

Philosoph. Instrument Mkr. ; Optician
Weighing Machine, Scale, Measure, Mkr,
Others



8. Surgical Instrument Maker .

9. Gunsmith, Gun Manufactiwe
Otliers



10. Engine and Machine Maker.
Spuming, Weaving, Machine Maker
Agricultural Implement Machine Mkr.

MUlwright

Tool Maker, Dealer

Pile Maker, Dealer
Saw Maker, Dealer

Cutler

Scissors Maker

Needle Manufacture .

Pin Manufacture ....

Others engaged in Tool Making, &c.

11. Coachmaker .....
Wheelwright ....
Others engaged about Carriages .

12. Saddler, Harness, "Whip Maker .

13. Sliip-builder, Shipwright, Boat-builder
Sail Maker .
Otliers

11. House Proprietor*
Architect
Surveyor




703
13S0

75

101

617
1265



487

168S

B

77
410

95
2308

64
101



12

670
19

1372
91
70



276

6928

2827

202

13439

91

4707

231

29

10

19

76



27

22
492

69
165

21
366

22
228

25



97
63
475
79
28

43
14

27
14



5571

166

39

227

19

60

8

58



2

1

12

.386

1006

65



1300
95
18

74
158

74



25



127



2
13
910

1407

4

1811

12



10



67



1661

3

974

31



1064
26



13



25

921

689

36

2703

24

601

49

7

6

3

12

44
493



37

1467

173

58

2367

20

282

29

15



5
1

1603
36

9
53

6
IB

1

7



16



315



23



10



1624
65
6B

2060

21

151



1410
12
40

1551
12

131



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Census OfficeCensus of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. → online text (page 133 of 189)